Jalal Talabani - a veteran leader of Iraq's minority Kurds - became Iraq's first elected president in more than 50 years in 2005.
He was selected for a second term in 2006, and in November 2010 he was picked for another term by members of parliament under a power-sharing deal which followed months of negotiations after inconclusive parliamentary elections in March.
His health went into sharp decline in the following two years, and he suffered a stroke in December 2012. He has been undergoing treatment in Germany since then, and is making progress.
He became a key player in Iraqi national politics following the toppling of Saddam Hussein in the 2003 US-led invasion, with the Kurds forming a powerful voting bloc in the national parliament.
Talabani, who is seen as being close to both the United States and Iran, won praise at the height of Iraq's sectarian war for building bridges between the country's divided factions.
Born in 1933, Mr Talabani rose to a senior position in the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP), but split from it in 1974 and helped to form the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan PUK the following year. The KDP and PUK have alternatively been bitter rivals and allies, currently administering the semi-autonomous Iraqi Kurdistan.
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- Capital city > Geographic coordinates: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
- Capital city > Name: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
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"Iraq Government Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Iraq/Government
"Iraq Government Stats, NationMaster." 1945-2014. <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Iraq/Government>.
'Iraq Government Stats, NationMaster', <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Iraq/Government> [assessed 1945-2014]
"Iraq Government Stats", NationMaster [Internet]. 1945-2014. Avaliable from: <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Iraq/Government>.
"Iraq Government Stats", NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 1945-2014.
"Iraq Government Stats, NationMaster," http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Iraq/Government (assessed 1945-2014)
"Iraq Government Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Iraq/Government (last visited 1945-2014)
"Iraq Government Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Iraq/Government (as of 1945-2014)