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Lithuania

Lithuania Government Stats

Profile:

Dalia Grybauskaite was voted in as Lithuania's first woman president with an emphatic election victory in May 2009.

She won 69% of the vote, against 11% for her closest rival, Algirdas Butkevicius of the opposition Social Democratic Party.

Previously the European Union budget commissioner, she stood as an independent, but with backing from the four-party centre-right coalition of Prime Minister Andrius Kubilius.

A former finance minister, Ms Grybauskaite's reputation for plain speaking helped win over an electorate nervous about the severe economic downturn that hit Lithuania in 2008.

She is sometimes dubbed the "Iron Lady", the nickname of former British PM Margaret Thatcher, a steely free-marketeer she describes as one of her political models.

Ms Grybauskaite has said that her decision to stand came after anger at the economic slump boiled over in a riot in front of the parliament building in Vilnius in January 2009.

She declared herself broadly in support of the centre-right government's response to the crisis, but criticised some of its tax increases and called on some ministers to "correct mistakes of the past or go".

She took an unprecedentedly interventionist approach after the 2012 parliamentary election, when she initially said that she could not accept a coalition that included the Labour Party, after the party had been accused of electoral irregularities.

Born in 1956 in Vilnius - then still part of the Soviet Union - Ms Grybauskaite studied in the Russian city of Leningrad - today's St Petersburg.

A senior civil servant since Lithuania's independence in 1990, she served as finance minister from 2001 to 2004, when the country nominated her the European Commission after joining the EU that year.

Definitions

  • Administrative divisions: This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (BGN). Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by BGN are noted.
  • Capital city > Geographic coordinates: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
  • Constitution: The dates of adoption, revisions, and major amendments to a nation's constitution
  • Country name > Conventional short form: This entry is derived from Government > Country name, which includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (Italy is used as an example): conventional long form (Italian Republic), conventional short form (Italy), local long form (Repubblica Italiana), local short form (Italia), former (Kingdom of Italy), as well as the abbreviation. Also see the Terminology note.
  • Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • Executive branch > Cabinet: Cabinet includes the official name for any body of high-ranking advisers roughly comparable to a U.S. Cabinet. Also notes the method for selection of members.
  • Flag description: A written flag description produced from actual flags or the best information available at the time the entry was written. The flags of independent states are used by their dependencies unless there is an officially recognized local flag. Some disputed and other areas do not have flags.
  • Government type: A description of the basic form of government (e.g., republic, constitutional monarchy, federal republic, parliamentary democracy, military dictatorship).
  • Independence: For most countries, this entry gives the date that sovereignty was achieved and from which nation, empire, or trusteeship. For the other countries, the date given may not represent "independence" in the strict sense, but rather some significant nationhood event such as the traditional founding date or the date of unification, federation, confederation, establishment, fundamental change in the form of government, or state succession. Dependent areas include the notation "none" followed by the nature of their dependency status. "
  • Judicial branch: The name(s) of the highest court(s) and a brief description of the selection process for members.
  • Legal system: A brief description of the legal system's historical roots, role in government, and acceptance of International Court of Justice (ICJ) jurisdiction.
  • Legislative branch: This entry contains information on the structure (unicameral, bicameral, tricameral), formal name, number of seats, and term of office. Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election. Election results includes the percent of vote and/or number of seats held by each party in the last election.
  • Political parties and leaders: Significant political organizations and their leaders.
  • Political pressure groups and leaders: Organizations with leaders involved in politics, but not standing for legislative election.
  • Suffrage: The age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Administrative divisions 10 counties (apskritys, singular - apskritis); Alytaus, Kauno, Klaipedos, Marijampoles, Panevezio, Siauliu, Taurages, Telsiu, Utenos, Vilniaus 2013
Capital city > Geographic coordinates 54 2011
Constitution several previous; latest adopted by referendum 25 October 1992, entered into force 2 November 1992; amended 2003 2012
Country name > Conventional short form Lithuania 2013
Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address American Embassy, Akmenu Gatve 6, Vilnius LT-03106 2013
Executive branch > Cabinet Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the nomination of the prime minister and approval of the Parliament 2013
Flag description three equal horizontal bands of yellow (top), green, and red; yellow symbolizes golden fields, as well as the sun, light, and goodness; green represents the forests of the countryside, in addition to nature, freedom, and hope; red stands for courage and the blood spilled in defense of the homeland 2013
Government type parliamentary democracy 2013
Independence 11 March 1990 (declared); 6 September 1991 (recognized by the Soviet Union); notable earlier dates: 6 July 1253 (coronation of MINDAUGAS, traditional founding date), 1 July 1569 (Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth created) 2013
Judicial branch Constitutional Court; Supreme Court; Court of Appeal; judges for all courts appointed by the president, with Seimas approval required for judges on the Constitutional Court and Supreme Court 2012
Legal system civil law system; legislative acts can be appealed to the constitutional court 2013
Legislative branch unicameral Parliament or Seimas 2011
Political parties and leaders Christian Party or KP [Gediminas VAGNORIUS]<br />Civil Democracy Party or PDP [Algimantas MATULEVICIUS]<br />Democratic Labor and Unity Party or DDVP [Kristina BRAZAUSKIENE]<br />Electoral Action of Lithuanian Poles or LLRA [Valdemar TOMASEVSKI]<br />Emigrants Party or EP [Juozas MURAUSKAS]<br />Homeland Union-Lithuanian Christian Democrats or TS-LKD [Andrius KUBILIUS]<br />Labor Party or DP [Viktor USPASKICH]<br />Liberal and Center Union or LCS [Arturas MELIANAS]<br />Liberal Movement or LS or LRLS [Eligijus MASIULIS]<br />Lithuanian People's Party or LLP [Kazimiera PRUNSKIENE]<br />Lithuanian People's Party or LZP [Joana SIMANAUSKIENE]<br />Lithuanian Russian Union or LRS [Sergejus DMITRIJEVAS]<br />Lithuanian Social Democratic Party or LSDP [Algirdas BUTKEVICIUS]<br />Nationalist Union or TS [Gintaras SONGAILA]<br />Order and Justice Party or TT [Rolandas PAKSAS]<br />Peasant and Greens Union or LVZS [Ramunas KARBAUSKIS]<br />Republican Party or RP [Valdemaras VALKIUNAS]<br />Russian Alliance or RA [Tamara LOCHANKINA]<br />Socialist People's Front or SLF [Algirdas PALECKIS]<br />Way of Courage or DK [Jonas VARKALA]<br />YES-Homeland Revival and Perspective or YES Union or TAIP Union or TAIP [Arturas ZUOKAS]<br />Young Lithuania Party or PJL [Stanislovas BUSKEVICIUS] 2013
Political pressure groups and leaders Europe House (promotes the EU); European Movement (promotes the EU); Lithuanian Future Forum (promotes the EU) 2008
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal 2013

SOURCES: CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

Citation

"Lithuania Government Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Lithuania/Government

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Thanks for the correction, Tomas -- in fact in the link page: http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/President-of-Lithuania, it does say that President Valdas Adamkus took office in July 2004.

Posted on 10 Mar 2005

Suchita Vemuri, Staff Editor

Suchita Vemuri, Staff Editor

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