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Nepal

Nepal Government Stats

Profile:

Mr Yadav became the first president of Nepal in July 2008, nearly two months after the country's constituent assembly voted to abolish the 239-year-old monarchy.

He is an ethnic Madheshi from Nepal's southern lowlands and was backed by the centrist Nepali Congress - the second largest party in parliament - as well as two smaller parties.

Mr Yadav is a doctor and twice served as health minister.

He has also held senior positions in the Nepali Congress. The presidency is a largely ceremonial position.

Definitions

  • Administrative divisions: This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (BGN). Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by BGN are noted.
  • Capital city > Geographic coordinates: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
  • Constitution: The dates of adoption, revisions, and major amendments to a nation's constitution
  • Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • Executive branch > Cabinet: Cabinet includes the official name for any body of high-ranking advisers roughly comparable to a U.S. Cabinet. Also notes the method for selection of members.
  • Executive branch > Head of government: Head of government includes the name and title of the top administrative leader who is designated to manage the day-to-day activities of the government. For example, in the UK, the monarch is the chief of state, and the prime minister is the head of government. In the US, the president is both the chief of state and the head of government.
  • Government type: A description of the basic form of government (e.g., republic, constitutional monarchy, federal republic, parliamentary democracy, military dictatorship).
  • Independence: For most countries, this entry gives the date that sovereignty was achieved and from which nation, empire, or trusteeship. For the other countries, the date given may not represent "independence" in the strict sense, but rather some significant nationhood event such as the traditional founding date or the date of unification, federation, confederation, establishment, fundamental change in the form of government, or state succession. Dependent areas include the notation "none" followed by the nature of their dependency status. "
  • International organization participation: This entry lists in alphabetical order by abbreviation those international organizations in which the subject country is a member or participates in some other way.
  • Judicial branch: The name(s) of the highest court(s) and a brief description of the selection process for members.
  • Legal system: A brief description of the legal system's historical roots, role in government, and acceptance of International Court of Justice (ICJ) jurisdiction.
  • Legislative branch: This entry contains information on the structure (unicameral, bicameral, tricameral), formal name, number of seats, and term of office. Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election. Election results includes the percent of vote and/or number of seats held by each party in the last election.
  • Political parties and leaders: Significant political organizations and their leaders.
  • Political pressure groups and leaders: Organizations with leaders involved in politics, but not standing for legislative election.
  • Suffrage: The age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Administrative divisions 14 zones (anchal, singular and plural); Bagmati, Bheri, Dhawalagiri, Gandaki, Janakpur, Karnali, Kosi, Lumbini, Mahakali, Mechi, Narayani, Rapti, Sagarmatha, Seti 2013
Capital city > Geographic coordinates 27 2011
Constitution several previous; latest entered into force 15 January 2007 (interim) 2013
Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address use embassy street address 2013
Executive branch > Cabinet cabinet was formed in August-September 2011 by a majority coalition made up of the United Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist, Madhesi People's Rights Forum-Democratic, Madhesi People's Rights Forum-Republic, Madhesi People's Rights Forum-Nepal, Terai-Madhes Democratic Party, and several smaller parties 2013
Executive branch > Head of government note: on 14 March 2013, the chief justice of Nepal's Supreme Court, Khil Raj REGMI, was sworn in as Chairman of the Interim Council of Ministers for Elections to lead an interim government and charged with holding Constituent Assembly elections by December 2013 2013
Government type federal democratic republic 2013
Independence 1768 (unified by Prithvi Narayan SHAH) 2013
International organization participation ADB, BIMSTEC, CD, CP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINURSO, MINUSTAH, MONUSCO, NAM, OPCW, SAARC, SACEP, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNISFA, UNMIL, UNMISS, UNMIT, UNOCI, UNTSO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO 2013
Judicial branch Supreme Court or Sarbochha Adalat (the president appoints the chief justice on recommendation of the Constitutional Council; the chief justice appoints other judges on the recommendation of the Judicial Council) 2012
Legal system English common law and Hindu legal concepts 2013
Legislative branch unicameral Constituent Assembly 2011
Political parties and leaders Chure Bhawar Rastriya Ekata Party [Himalaya Bhakta PRADHANGA]
Communist Party of Nepal-Marxist Leninist or CPN-ML [C.P. MAINALI]
Communist Party of Nepal-Marxist Leninist Samaibadi [Jaqat Bahadur BOGATI]
Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist or CPN-M [Mohan BAIDYA, also known as KIRAN]
Communist Party of Nepal-Unified [Raj Singh SHRIS]
Communist Party of Nepal-United [Chandra Dev JOSHI]
Communist Party of Nepal-Unified Marxist-Leninist or CPN-UML [Jhalanath KHANAL]
Dalit Janajati Party [Vishwendraman PASHWAN]
Federal Democratic National Forum [Khagendra MAKHAIM]
Federal Democratic National Forum - Tharuhat [Rukmini CHAUDHARY]
Federal Democratic National Party [Ravindra THING]
Federal Socialist Party [Ashok RAI]
Federal Sadbhayana Party [Anil JHAL]
Janta Dal United [Biswonath Prasad AGRAWAL]
Madhesi People's Rights Forum-Democratic [Bijay Kumar GACHHADAR]
Madhesi People's Rights Forum-Nepal [Upendra YADAV]
Madhesi People's Rights Forum-Republic [Raj Kishore YADAV]
National Madhes Socialist Party [Sharat Singh BHANDARI]
Nepal Loktantrik Samajbadi Dal [Laxmi Lal CHAUDBARY]
Nepal Pariwar Dal [Eknath DHAKAL]
Nepal Workers and Peasants Party [Narayan Man BIJUKCHHE]
Nepali Congress or NC [Sushil KOIRALA]
Nepali Janata Dal [Hari Charan SAH]
Newa Rastriya Party [Keshav Man SHAKYA]
Rastriya Janamorcha [Chitra Bahadur K.C.]
Rastriya Janamukti Party [Malwar Singh THAPA]
Rastriya Janashakti Party or RJP [Surya Bahadur THAPA]
Rastriya Prajantantra Party [Pashupati Shumsher RANA]
Rastriya Prajantantra Party Nepal [Kamal THAPA]
Sadbhavana Party [Rajendra MAHATO]
Sadbhavana Party-Anandi Devi [Sarita GIRI]
Samajbadi Prajatantrik Janata Party Nepal [Prem Bahadur SINGH]
Social Democratic Party [Chaitanya SUBBA]
Terai Madhes Democratic Party [Mahantha THAKUR]
Terai Madhes Democratic Party-Nepal [Mahendra YADAVI]
Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) [Pushpa Kamal DAHAL, also known as PRACHANDA]
2013
Political pressure groups and leaders other: small armed groups along the southern border with India; a variety of groups advocating regional autonomy for individual ethnic groups 2013
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal 2013

SOURCES: CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011

Citation

"Nepal Government Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Nepal/Government