Nigeria Geography Stats

Climate summary:

Nigeria is covered by rainforests over the southern third, Guinean forest-savanna mosaic in the middle third and both savannas and Sahel in the northern third. The mountain land is also found in the mountains near the Cameroonian border.. The most southerly part of the forest, especially around the Niger River and Cross River deltas, is mangrove swamp (see Central African mangroves ). North of this is fresh water swamp, containing different vegetation from the salt water mangrove swamps, and north of that is rain forest.


  • Area > Comparative: The area of various small countries expressed in comparison to various areas within the United States of America.
  • Area > Comparative to US places: This entry provides an area comparison based on total area equivalents. Most entities are compared with the entire US or one of the 50 states based on area measurements (1990 revised) provided by the US Bureau of the Census. The smaller entities are compared with Washington, DC (178 sq km, 69 sq mi) or The Mall in Washington, DC (0.59 sq km, 0.23 sq mi, 146 acres).
  • Area > Land: Total land area in square kilometres
  • Area > Land > Per capita: Total land area in square kilometres Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Area > Total: Total area in square kilometers
  • Average rainfall in depth > Mm per year: Average rainfall is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid.
  • Climate: A brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year.
  • Coastline: The total length of the boundary between the land area (including islands) and the sea.
  • Geographic coordinates: This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures for the purpose of finding the approximate geographic center of an entity and is based on the Gazetteer of Conventional Names, Third Edition, August 1988, US Board on Geographic Names and on other sources.
  • Land area > Sq. km: Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Land area > Square miles: Country land area.
  • Location: The country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water.
  • Natural resources: A country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance.
  • Surface area > Sq. km: Surface area is a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways.
  • Terrain: A brief description of the topography
Area > Comparative slightly more than twice the size of California 2013
Area > Comparative to US places slightly more than twice the size of California 2008
Area > Land 910,768 sq km 2008 31st out of 235
Area > Land > Per capita 6.23 sq km per 1,000 people 2008 155th out of 224
Area > Total 923,768 sq km 2013 33th out of 251
Average rainfall in depth > Mm per year 1,150 2008 77th out of 169
Climate varies; equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north 2013
Coastline 853 km 2014 91st out of 242
Geographic coordinates 10 00 N, 8 00 E 2013
Land area > Sq. km 910,770 sq km 2008 29th out of 199
Land area > Square miles 356,669 square miles 2013 22nd out of 86
Location Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon 2013
Natural resources natural gas, petroleum, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc, arable land 2013
Surface area > Sq. km 923,770 km² 2005 31st out of 204
Terrain southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus; mountains in southeast, plains in north 2013

SOURCES: CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Food and Agriculture Organisation, electronic files and web site.; British Broadcasting Corporation 2014; World Development Indicators database


"Nigeria Geography Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Nigeria/Geography


Nigeria Geography Profiles (Subcategories)

Area 11 Land boundaries 4
Environment 3 Land use 3
Freshwater withdrawal 6 Maritime claims 4
Land area 3 Surface area 3