Parliament elected Gordon Darcy Lilo prime minister on 16 November 2011, only days after his predecessor, Danny Philip, sacked him from the post of finance minister.
Mr Philip subsequently resigned when several MPs deserted his government in response to Mr Lilo's dismissal, leaving it without a majority in the 50-seat parliament. Mr Lilo won the backing of 29 MPs.
Several hundred protesters gathered to protest against Mr Lilo's election, hurling rocks at police and vehicles before being dispersed by riot police.
Born in 1965, Mr Lilo was first elected to parliament in 2001 and was a government minister from 2007. His constituency lies in the Western Province of the Solomon Islands.
His predecessor, Danny Philip, was elected prime minister after weeks of horse trading that followed a general election on 4 August 2010.
The 2010 vote was generally peaceful, with no repeat of the post-election riots of 2006.
Politics in the Solomon Islands is fluid, with no deep-rooted party-political system.
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"Solomon Islands Government Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Solomon-Islands/Government
"Solomon Islands Government Stats, NationMaster." 1978-2014. <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Solomon-Islands/Government>.
'Solomon Islands Government Stats, NationMaster', <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Solomon-Islands/Government> [assessed 1978-2014]
"Solomon Islands Government Stats", NationMaster [Internet]. 1978-2014. Avaliable from: <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Solomon-Islands/Government>.
"Solomon Islands Government Stats", NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 1978-2014.
"Solomon Islands Government Stats, NationMaster," http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Solomon-Islands/Government (assessed 1978-2014)
"Solomon Islands Government Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Solomon-Islands/Government (last visited 1978-2014)
"Solomon Islands Government Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Solomon-Islands/Government (as of 1978-2014)
Solomon Islands Government Profiles (Subcategories)
In order to pass legislation, the government (the party with the most seats) must persuade some of the members of other parties to vote along with it. If there were two parties with several common goals or ideals, they might form a longstanding coalition. If such a coalition cannot be formed, the ruling party must attract enough votes for pieces of legislation on a case-by-case basis, usually by promising to pass a law desired by the coalition partners or providing some other benefit.
The â€œfluidityâ€ of the coalitions refers to the fact that they are not static, but constantly changing.