The Alliance for Sweden, a centre-right coalition headed by Moderate Party leader Fredrik Reinfeldt, came to power at elections in September 2006, ending 10 years of rule by the Social Democrat Party.
Governing with a slim seven-seat majority in its first term, Mr Reinfeldt's government cut income taxes, trimmed benefits and sold off state assets.
Buoyed by Sweden's rapid economic recovery from the 2008 , Mr Reinfeldt looked assured to win a second term ahead of elections in 2010 and become the first centre-right PM to be re-elected since World War II.
However, his Alliance for Sweden fell short of an overall majority by two seats, and Mr Reinfeldt formed a minority coalition government. The anti-immigration Swedish Democrats became Sweden's first far right party to win seats in parliament.
The opposition centre-left Social Democrats, who governed Sweden for much of the period since World War II, suffered a painful slump in support.
After becoming party leader of the right-wing Moderate Party in 2003, Mr Reinfeldt moved it towards the political centre, toning down its criticism of Sweden's welfare state and adopting a consensual approach. He supports Sweden's entry into Nato, provided there is cross-party support.
Born in 1965, Fredrik Reinfeldt joined his party's youth wing in 1991.
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"Sweden Government Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Sweden/Government
"Sweden Government Stats, NationMaster." 1916-2014. <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Sweden/Government>.
'Sweden Government Stats, NationMaster', <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Sweden/Government> [assessed 1916-2014]
"Sweden Government Stats", NationMaster [Internet]. 1916-2014. Avaliable from: <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Sweden/Government>.
"Sweden Government Stats", NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 1916-2014.
"Sweden Government Stats, NationMaster," http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Sweden/Government (assessed 1916-2014)
"Sweden Government Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Sweden/Government (last visited 1916-2014)
"Sweden Government Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Sweden/Government (as of 1916-2014)