Truong Tan Sang was elected to the largely ceremonial post of president in July 2011 with 97% of the vote in parliament.
He is a former mayor and party chief in Ho Chi Minh City. Before becoming president he served as the de facto Number 2 in charge of the Communist Party, running its day-to-day affairs.
Born in 1949, he was imprisoned from 1971-73 by the US-backed South Vietnamese government when he served as a communist fighter for the north during the Vietnam War. It ended in 1975 when the north seized control of the former southern capital, Saigon, reunifying the country.
The prime minister runs the country's day-to-day operations. The National Assembly, or parliament, was viewed in the past as a rubber stamp that blindly passes the government's policies. In recent years, however, it has started to assert itself more.
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"Vietnam Government Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Vietnam/Government
"Vietnam Government Stats, NationMaster." 1945-2014. <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Vietnam/Government>.
'Vietnam Government Stats, NationMaster', <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Vietnam/Government> [assessed 1945-2014]
"Vietnam Government Stats", NationMaster [Internet]. 1945-2014. Avaliable from: <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Vietnam/Government>.
"Vietnam Government Stats", NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 1945-2014.
"Vietnam Government Stats, NationMaster," http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Vietnam/Government (assessed 1945-2014)
"Vietnam Government Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Vietnam/Government (last visited 1945-2014)
"Vietnam Government Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Vietnam/Government (as of 1945-2014)