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Economy > Research and development personnel: Countries Compared

DEFINITION: Scientists and engineers in research and development (R&D) per 1 million people for most recent year available between 1990 and 2000.

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH
1 Iceland 5,686 per million people 2000
2 Japan 4,960 per million people 2000
3 Sweden 4,507 per million people 2000
4 United States 4,103 per million people 2000
5 Norway 4,095 per million people 2000
6 Russia 3,397 per million people 2000
7 Australia 3,320 per million people 2000
8 Denmark 3,240 per million people 2000
Group of 7 countries (G7) average (profile) 3,090.14 per million people 2000
9 Switzerland 3,058 per million people 2000
10 Canada 3,009 per million people 2000
11 Germany 2,873 per million people 2000
12 Azerbaijan 2,735 per million people 2000
13 France 2,686 per million people 2000
14 United Kingdom 2,678 per million people 2000
High income OECD countries average (profile) 2,529.14 per million people 2000
15 Netherlands 2,490 per million people 2000
16 Belgium 2,307 per million people 2000
Non-religious countries average (profile) 2,305.42 per million people 2000
17 Belarus 2,296 per million people 2000
18 New Zealand 2,197 per million people 2000
19 Singapore 2,182 per million people 2000
20 Estonia 2,164 per million people 2000
21 Slovenia 2,161 per million people 2000
22 South Korea 2,139 per million people 2000
23 Ireland 2,132 per million people 2000
24 Ukraine 2,121 per million people 2000
NATO countries average (profile) 2,089.32 per million people 2000
25 Lithuania 2,031 per million people 2000
European Union average (profile) 1,840.35 per million people 2000
26 Uzbekistan 1,754 per million people 2000
27 Slovakia 1,706 per million people 2000
Eurozone average (profile) 1,699.44 per million people 2000
28 Cuba 1,611 per million people 2000
29 Austria 1,605 per million people 2000
30 Portugal 1,583 per million people 2000
31 Israel 1,570 per million people 2000
32 Spain 1,562 per million people 2000
33 Croatia 1,494 per million people 2000
34 Poland 1,460 per million people 2000
35 Romania 1,393 per million people 2000
36 Italy 1,322 per million people 2000
37 Czech Republic 1,317 per million people 2000
38 Armenia 1,308 per million people 2000
39 Bulgaria 1,289 per million people 2000
40 Hungary 1,249 per million people 2000
41 Latvia 1,090 per million people 2000
42 Greece 1,045 per million people 2000
43 South Africa 992 per million people 2000
Emerging markets average (profile) 890.48 per million people 2000
44 Argentina 711 per million people 2000
45 Tajikistan 660 per million people 2000
46 Iran 590 per million people 2000
47 Kyrgyzstan 574 per million people 2000
48 Costa Rica 533 per million people 2000
49 Egypt 493 per million people 2000
50 Mongolia 468 per million people 2000
51 China 459 per million people 2000
52 Chile 370 per million people 2000
53 Cyprus 369 per million people 2000
54 Libya 361 per million people 2000
55 Mauritius 360 per million people 2000
56 Turkey 303 per million people 2000
57 Vietnam 274 per million people 2000
58 Peru 229 per million people 2000
59 Kuwait 214 per million people 2000
60 Mexico 213 per million people 2000
61 Nicaragua 203 per million people 2000
62 Venezuela 194 per million people 2000
63 Sri Lanka 188 per million people 2000
64 Benin 174 per million people 2000
65 Bolivia 171 per million people 2000
66 Brazil 168 per million people 2000
67 India 158 per million people 2000
68 Philippines 156 per million people 2000
69 Malaysia 154 per million people 2000
70 Trinidad and Tobago 145 per million people 2000
71 Ecuador 140 per million people 2000
72 Tunisia 124 per million people 2000
73 Guatemala 103 per million people 2000
=74 Thailand 102 per million people 2000
=74 Togo 102 per million people 2000
76 Malta 96 per million people 2000
77 Pakistan 78 per million people 2000
78 Bangladesh 51 per million people 2000
79 Central African Republic 47 per million people 2000
80 Democratic Republic of the Congo 34 per million people 2000
81 Syria 29 per million people 2000
82 Uganda 25 per million people 2000
83 Burundi 21 per million people 2000
84 El Salvador 19 per million people 2000
85 Burkina Faso 17 per million people 2000
86 Nigeria 15 per million people 2000
87 Madagascar 12 per million people 2000
88 Senegal 2 per million people 2000

Citation

"Countries Compared by Economy > Research and development personnel. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", World Bank. 2002. World Development Indicators 2002. CD-ROM. Washington, DC; aggregates calculated for the Human Development Report Office by the World Bank. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Economy/Research-and-development-personnel

Economy > Research and development personnel: Countries Compared Map

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