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Economy > Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: Countries Compared

DEFINITION: This entry gives the dollar value for the stock of all financial assets that are available to the central monetary authority for use in meeting a country's balance of payments needs as of the end-date of the period specified. This category includes not only foreign currency and gold, but also a country's holdings of Special Drawing Rights in the International Monetary Fund, and its reserve position in the Fund.

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH HISTORY
1 China $3.34 trillion 2012
2 Japan $1.27 trillion 2012
3 Saudi Arabia $656.90 billion 2012
4 Russia $537.60 billion 2012
5 Switzerland $531.10 billion 2012
Non-religious countries average (profile) $428.03 billion 2012
6 Taiwan $408.50 billion 2012
7 Brazil $373.10 billion 2012
8 South Korea $327.00 billion 2012
9 Hong Kong $317.40 billion 2012
Group of 7 countries (G7) average (profile) $315.28 billion 2012
10 India $297.80 billion 2012
11 Singapore $259.10 billion 2012
12 Germany $248.90 billion 2012
Emerging markets average (profile) $235.83 billion 2012
13 Algeria $191.60 billion 2012
14 France $184.50 billion 2012
15 Italy $181.70 billion 2012
16 Thailand $181.60 billion 2012
17 Mexico $167.10 billion 2012
18 United States $150.20 billion 2012
19 Malaysia $139.70 billion 2012
Cold countries average (profile) $124.23 billion 2010
High income OECD countries average (profile) $122.97 billion 2012
OPEC countries average (profile) $120.95 billion 2012
20 Turkey $119.20 billion 2012
21 Libya $118.60 billion 2012
22 Indonesia $112.80 billion 2012
23 Poland $108.90 billion 2012
24 United Kingdom $105.10 billion 2012
25 Denmark $89.70 billion 2012
26 Philippines $83.83 billion 2012
Religious countries average (profile) $83.71 billion 2012
South Asia average (profile) $82.58 billion 2012
Middle Eastern and North Africa average (profile) $79.41 billion 2012
Heavily indebted countries average (profile) $76.53 billion 2012
27 Israel $75.91 billion 2012
28 Iran $74.06 billion 2012
29 Iraq $70.33 billion 2012
30 Canada $68.55 billion 2012
31 Peru $64.17 billion 2012
Europe average (profile) $62.52 billion 2012
NATO countries average (profile) $56.43 billion 2012
32 Netherlands $54.82 billion 2012
33 Lebanon $52.50 billion 2012
34 Sweden $52.23 billion 2012
35 Norway $51.86 billion 2012
36 South Africa $50.70 billion 2012
37 Spain $50.59 billion 2012
Muslim countries average (profile) $49.76 billion 2012
Eastern Europe average (profile) $49.54 billion 2012
38 Australia $49.15 billion 2012
European Union average (profile) $48.98 billion 2012
39 United Arab Emirates $47.04 billion 2012
40 Romania $46.71 billion 2012
41 Nigeria $46.41 billion 2012
Eurozone average (profile) $46.41 billion 2012
42 Czech Republic $44.88 billion 2012
Former Soviet republics average (profile) $44.70 billion 2012
43 Hungary $44.67 billion 2012
Catholic countries average (profile) $44.03 billion 2012
44 Argentina $43.25 billion 2012
45 Chile $41.65 billion 2012
46 Colombia $37.00 billion 2012
South and Central Asia average (profile) $34.15 billion 2012
47 Angola $33.41 billion 2012
48 Qatar $33.19 billion 2012
Former British colonies average (profile) $31.89 billion 2012
49 Belgium $30.77 billion 2012
50 Venezuela $29.89 billion 2012
51 Kuwait $29.00 billion 2012
52 Kazakhstan $28.28 billion 2012
53 Austria $27.21 billion 2012
Former Spanish colonies average (profile) $26.91 billion 2012
54 Vietnam $26.11 billion 2012
55 Ukraine $24.55 billion 2012
56 Portugal $22.66 billion 2012
57 Turkmenistan $20.71 billion 2012
58 Bulgaria $20.50 billion 2012
59 New Zealand $17.58 billion 2012
60 Morocco $17.54 billion 2012
Potential Future EU Members average (profile) $17.44 billion 2011
61 Macau $16.60 billion 2012
62 Uzbekistan $16.00 billion 2012
63 Serbia and Montenegro $15.10 billion 2010
64 Egypt $14.93 billion 2012
65 Croatia $14.81 billion 2012
=66 Serbia $14.40 billion 2012
=66 Oman $14.40 billion 2012
68 Bolivia $13.93 billion 2012
69 Pakistan $13.80 billion 2012
70 Uruguay $13.60 billion 2012
Landlocked countries average (profile) $13.53 billion 2010
71 Bangladesh $12.75 billion 2012
Former French colonies average (profile) $12.01 billion 2010
72 Azerbaijan $11.28 billion 2012
73 Finland $11.08 billion 2012
74 Trinidad and Tobago $9.90 billion 2012
failed states average (profile) $9.26 billion 2010
75 Jordan $8.83 billion 2012
76 Lithuania $8.53 billion 2012
77 Tunisia $8.36 billion 2012
78 Botswana $7.63 billion 2012
79 Latvia $7.52 billion 2012
80 Greece $7.25 billion 2012
81 Sri Lanka $7.11 billion 2012
82 Burma $6.98 billion 2012
83 Costa Rica $6.86 billion 2012
84 Guatemala $6.69 billion 2012
85 Yemen $6.16 billion 2012
86 Afghanistan $5.98 billion 2012
87 Belarus $5.81 billion 2012
88 Kenya $5.71 billion 2012
89 Ghana $5.71 billion 2012
90 Congo, Republic of the $5.57 billion 2012
91 Bahrain $5.21 billion 2012
92 Paraguay $4.99 billion 2012
93 Cambodia $4.94 billion 2012
94 Syria $4.79 billion 2012
95 Cuba $4.69 billion 2012
96 Equatorial Guinea $4.40 billion 2012
97 Nepal $4.34 billion 2012
98 Bosnia and Herzegovina $4.28 billion 2012
99 Iceland $4.19 billion 2012
100 Tanzania $4.05 billion 2012
101 Papua New Guinea $4.00 billion 2012
102 Cote d'Ivoire $3.93 billion 2012
Sub-Saharan Africa average (profile) $3.59 billion 2010
103 Dominican Republic $3.58 billion 2012
104 Cameroon $3.43 billion 2012
105 Ethiopia $3.27 billion 2012
106 El Salvador $3.18 billion 2012
107 Uganda $3.17 billion 2012
108 Mauritius $3.05 billion 2012
109 Zambia $3.04 billion 2012
110 Republic of Macedonia $2.89 billion 2012
111 Georgia $2.87 billion 2012
112 Mozambique $2.77 billion 2012
113 Albania $2.60 billion 2012
114 Honduras $2.53 billion 2012
115 Slovakia $2.52 billion 2012
116 Moldova $2.52 billion 2012
117 Ecuador $2.48 billion 2012
118 Panama $2.47 billion 2012
119 Gabon $2.37 billion 2012
120 Mongolia $2.29 billion 2010
121 Senegal $2.08 billion 2012
122 Kyrgyzstan $2.07 billion 2012
123 Jamaica $1.98 billion 2012
124 Nicaragua $1.89 billion 2012
125 Armenia $1.80 billion 2012
126 Namibia $1.74 billion 2012
127 Ireland $1.71 billion 2012
128 Democratic Republic of the Congo $1.63 billion 2012
129 Brunei $1.56 billion 2010
130 Mali $1.29 billion 2010
131 Haiti $1.29 billion 2012
=132 Madagascar $1.19 billion 2012
=132 Cyprus $1.19 billion 2012
134 Chad $1.17 billion 2012
135 Burkina Faso $1.02 billion 2012
136 Suriname $1.01 billion 2012
137 Bhutan $1.00 billion 2010
138 Luxembourg $991.00 million 2012
139 Slovenia $951.90 million 2012
140 Fiji $921.40 million 2012
141 Guyana $864.00 million 2012
142 Rwanda $847.80 million 2012
143 The Bahamas $846.90 million 2012
144 Barbados $839.70 million 2012
145 Laos $796.90 million 2012
146 Niger $760.30 million 2010
147 Lesotho $749.40 million 2012
148 Swaziland $741.00 million 2012
149 Aruba $725.10 million 2010
150 Benin $712.80 million 2012
151 Malta $704.90 million 2012
152 Tajikistan $628.50 million 2012
153 Zimbabwe $575.60 million 2012
154 Togo $441.60 million 2012
155 Sierra Leone $409.00 million 2010
156 East Timor $406.20 million 2010
157 Montenegro $400.00 million 2011
158 Liberia $399.80 million 2010
159 Cape Verde $376.00 million 2012
160 Maldives $356.00 million 2012
161 Seychelles $318.70 million 2012
162 Burundi $308.80 million 2012
163 Estonia $300.70 million 2012
164 Belize $288.90 million 2012
165 Mauritania $280.00 million 2010
166 Solomon Islands $265.80 million 2010
167 Malawi $246.00 million 2012
168 The Gambia $236.20 million 2012
169 Djibouti $230.60 million 2010
170 Saint Lucia $206.30 million 2010
171 Sudan $192.60 million 2012
172 Vanuatu $187.30 million 2012
173 Central African Republic $186.00 million 2010
174 Eritrea $174.40 million 2012
175 Guinea $174.30 million 2012
176 Saint Kitts and Nevis $168.90 million 2010
177 Samoa $168.70 million 2012
178 Guinea-Bissau $168.60 million 2009
179 Tonga $152.40 million 2012
180 Comoros $146.10 million 2010
181 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines $111.00 million 2012
182 Dominica $94.56 million 2012
183 Federated States of Micronesia $75.06 million 2011
184 Sao Tome and Principe $51.59 million 2012
185 Montserrat $32.08 million 2012
186 Kiribati $8.37 million 2010

Citation

"Countries Compared by Economy > Reserves of foreign exchange and gold. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Economy/Reserves-of-foreign-exchange-and-gold

Economy > Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: Countries Compared Map

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Interesting observations about Economy > Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

  • Saudi Arabia ranked first for reserves of foreign exchange and gold amongst Hot countries in 2012.
  • China ranked first for reserves of foreign exchange and gold globally in 2012.
  • Russia ranked first for reserves of foreign exchange and gold amongst Europe in 2012.
  • Switzerland ranked first for reserves of foreign exchange and gold amongst Christian countries in 2012.
  • India ranked first for reserves of foreign exchange and gold amongst Former British colonies in 2012.
  • Germany ranked first for reserves of foreign exchange and gold amongst European Union in 2012.
  • Japan ranked first for reserves of foreign exchange and gold amongst Heavily indebted countries in 2012.
  • Brazil ranked first for reserves of foreign exchange and gold amongst Catholic countries in 2012.
  • South Africa ranked first for reserves of foreign exchange and gold amongst Sub-Saharan Africa in 2012.
  • Mexico ranked first for reserves of foreign exchange and gold amongst Former Spanish colonies in 2012.
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