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Country vs country: Australia and El Salvador compared: People stats

Definitions

  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Mother's mean age at first birth: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper: City population by sex, city and city type.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Divorce rate: Divorce rate per 1,000 people
  • Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Migration > Net migration > Per capita: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Migration > Foreign worker salaries: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. Remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers resident in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status, to recipients in their country of origin. Migrants' transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Age distribution > Child dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant children out of total population aged 15 and older. A dependant child is a child aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas by country.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women’s empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries.
  • Projected population growth: Percentage change in projected population between 2000 and 2050
    Units: Percent Change in Population
    Units: A threshold of 0 was applied. All countries with growth rates of 0 or below received the same score.

  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Gender empowerment: Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM). The GEM measures the participation of women and men in political decision-making. This index also has four indicators: female members of the Legislature, female participation in selected positions in public and private sector, female participation in academic and technical work, and estimated income. Both indexes are based on data collected by the UN and are processed to enable comparison.
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Population in largest city: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Migration > Net migration: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period."
  • Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men: Average age of men at their first marriage.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women: Minimum legal age at which women can be married without parental consent.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition






  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted."
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population: Total number of females living in rural areas by country.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women: Average age of women at their first marriage.
  • Gender > Global Gender Gap Index: The Gender Gap Index considers gender inequality in the dimensions of economic participation (equality of salaries, labor market participation and access to high-skilled employment); access to education; political participation; and health (life expectancy and sex ratio). The highest score of 1 means total equality, 0 means complete inequality. The Index is calculated by the World Economic Forum.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Future population change: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant."
  • Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million per 1000: Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million. Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Women: Age at which women are allowed to marry with parental consent.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Future population > Females: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Urban and rural > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas by country.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Population density > People per sq. km of land area: Population density (people per sq. km of land area). Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Migration > Refugees: Refugees (number in each country, 1990-99)
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people: Total population living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper: Total number of females living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)


  • Population in largest city > Per capita: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is no global target for the number of hospital beds per country. So, while 2 beds per 1,000 in one country may be sufficient, 2 beds per 1,000 in another may be woefully inadequate because of the number of people hospitalized by disease.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 5-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Urban and rural > Male rural population: Total number of males living in rural areas by country.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent of people aged 15-19 years who are or have been married or in a marriage-like union recognized by the law or customs of their country.
  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million: Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million. Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people.
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Men: Age at which men are allowed to marry with parental consent.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women: Percentage of female population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of females in the same age group.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories: Date of signing convention
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Dutch > Length of stay: allowed stay.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Gender > Gender inequality index: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Median age > Male: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Median age > Both sexes: Age of person who is older than half the population and younger than the other half of the population.
  • Gender ratio > Whole population: Female/male ratio of population.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Age structure > 15-64 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Jewish population > By country > Jews > Estimated number of Jews: Total Jew population by country.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Population, total per 1000: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 per million people: Urban Areas Over 2,000,000. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted.
  • Urban and rural > Male urban population: Total number of males living in urban areas by country.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, any method, percentage.
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population per thousand people: Total number of females living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 60 and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people 65 years old and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Future population > Males: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Structure > Population > Total: Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. The values shown are midyear estimates."
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Median age > Female: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000: Urban Areas Over 2,000,000.
  • Gender ratio > Babies: Female/male ratio at birth.
  • Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million: Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper: Total number of males living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper per thousand people: Total number of females living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugee population by country or territory of origin. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in urban agglomerations: Total population living in urban agglomerations. An urban agglomeration should not be confused with a metropolitan area, whereas an agglomeration refers to multiple connected urban cities, while a metropolitan area refers to a central urban area with outlying suburban cities and districts.
  • Gender > Female population per thousand people: Total female population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country speak a very different language. A high score of close to 1 indicates that many unrelated languages are spoken. A score of close to 0 means that few languages are spoken, and / or that the spoken languages are similar to one another. For more information, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 2000 adjusted
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 500,000: Urban Areas Over 500,000.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent: DM.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Modern methods > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using modern methods of contraception.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using any type of contraceptive.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Modern methods: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, modern methods, percentage.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, condom, percentage.
  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Gender > Male population per thousand people: Total male population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Future population change per thousand people: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 10-14: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • International migrant stock, total: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data.
  • Urban and rural > Females living in urban agglomerations: Total number of females living in urban agglomerations. An urban agglomeration should not be confused with a metropolitan area, whereas an agglomeration refers to multiple connected urban cities, while a metropolitan area refers to a central urban area with outlying suburban cities and districts.
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Health expenditures: This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP. Health expenditures are broadly defined as activities performed either by institutions or individuals through the application of medical, paramedical, and/or nursing knowledge and technology, the primary purpose of which is to promote, restore, or maintain health.
  • Gender ratio > Urban population: Female/male ratio of urban population.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent: HS.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men: Percentage of male population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of males in the same age group.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of origin per 1000: Refugee population by country or territory of origin. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum per 1000: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 per million people: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Female population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 per million people: Urban Areas Over 500,000. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given: Maternity leave benefits.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway: Country of origin of Norway’s population who was either foreign born or born in Norway to foreign residents (number of people by country of origin).
  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 65: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Dynamics > Death rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people: Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration."
  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged 30 to 39: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged above 59: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants: Portion of immigrants in Canada.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 80 years and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 5-14. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-14. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-4. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-64. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 25-29 per 1000: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Migration > Refugees per 1000: Refugees (number in each country, 1990-99). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 10-14: Male population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Future population > Females per thousand people: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Cities > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time: VT.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Gender ratio > Aged over 65 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 80: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths per million: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Rural population > Per capita: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Jewish population > By country > Jews > Estimated number of Jews per 1000: Total Jew population by country. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Migration > Refugees > Convention on refugees: Date of ratification of the United Nations Convention relating to the Status of Refugees. "a" denotes accession. "d" denotes succession.
  • Gender ratio > Rural population: Female/male ratio of rural population.
  • Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio: Women per 100 men, rural population.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > Urban > Women > Aged above 59: Percent of population that is widowed by age group, gender and urban / rural status.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > Rural > Women > Aged 40 to 59: Percent of population that is widowed by age group, gender and urban / rural status.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged 40 to 59: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged above 59: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Female population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total Population > Female per 1000: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million > Per capita: Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Migration > International migrant stock > Total: International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data."
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 65 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 65, there are 210.6 females who are over 65.
  • Rights of the Child Convention > Ratification Dates: Date of ratification of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. "A" denotes acceptance; "a" denotes accession; "d" denotes succession
  • Male population > Age 25-29 per 1000: Male population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 35-39 per 1000: Female population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 40-44 per 1000: Male population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 55-59 per 1000: Male population - Age 55-59, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 15-19: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 30-34: Female population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 15-19: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 20-24: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total Population > Thousands: Total Population, thousands, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Male population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation). Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Fertility > Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49: Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15-49). Contraceptive prevalence rate is the percentage of women who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for married women ages 15-49 only.
  • Jewish population > By country > Jews > Population > 2005E: Population by country in 2005.
  • Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access: Improved sanitation facilities (% of population with access). Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. The improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
  • Completeness of infant death reporting > % of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths: Completeness of infant death reporting (% of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths). Completeness of infant death reporting is the number of infant deaths reported by national statistics authorities to the United Nations Statistics Division's Demography Yearbook divided by the number of infant deaths estimated by the United Nations Population Division.
  • Emigration rate of tertiary educated > % of total tertiary educated population: Emigration rate of tertiary educated (% of total tertiary educated population). Emigration rate of tertiary educated shows the stock of emigrants ages 25 and older, residing in an OECD country other than that in which they were born, with at least one year of tertiary education as a percentage of the population age 25 and older with tertiary education.
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male > %: Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male (%). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-24 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. The participation rates are harmonized to account for differences in national data collection and tabulation methodologies as well as for other country-specific factors such as military service requirements. The series includes both nationally reported and imputed data and only estimates that are national, meaning there are no geographic limitations in coverage.
  • Jewish population > By country > Jews > Population > 2005E per 1000: Population by country in 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Prevalence of overweight > % of children under 5: Prevalence of overweight (% of children under 5). Prevalence of overweight children is the percentage of children under age 5 whose weight for height is more than two standard deviations above the median for the international reference population of the corresponding age as established by the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total: Male population - Age 80-84 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 75-79 > % of the total: Female population - Age 75-79 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000: Male population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, female > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, female (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, female (per 1,000)
  • Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births). Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5 > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births). Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, neonatal > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, neonatal (per 1,000 live births). Neonatal mortality rate is the number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Improved water source > % of population with access: Improved water source (% of population with access). Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population using an improved drinking water source. The improved drinking water source includes piped water on premises (piped household water connection located inside the useru2019s dwelling, plot or yard), and other improved drinking water sources (public taps or standpipes, tube wells or boreholes, protected dug wells, protected springs, and rainwater collection).
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country: Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in: rate varies by country). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Fertility > Low-birthweight babies > % of births: Low-birthweight babies (% of births). Low-birthweight babies are newborns weighing less than 2,500 grams, with the measurement taken within the first hours of life, before significant postnatal weight loss has occurred.
  • Improved sanitation facilities, urban > % of urban population with access: Improved sanitation facilities, urban (% of urban population with access). Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. The improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
  • Labor force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15-64)
  • Urban and rural > Male rural population per thousand people: Total number of males living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
STAT Australia El Salvador HISTORY
Age structure > 0-14 years 18.1%
Ranked 168th.
28.9%
Ranked 88th. 60% more than Australia

Age structure > 65 years and over 14.7%
Ranked 44th. 2 times more than El Salvador
6.7%
Ranked 111th.

Birth rate 12.23 births/1,000 population
Ranked 162nd.
17.12 births/1,000 population
Ranked 115th. 40% more than Australia

Ethnic groups white 92%, Asian 7%, aboriginal and other 1% mestizo 90%, white 9%, Amerindian 1%
Mother's mean age at first birth 30.5
Ranked 1st. 47% more than El Salvador
20.8
Ranked 10th.
Population 22.26 million
Ranked 55th. 4 times more than El Salvador
6.11 million
Ranked 107th.

Population > Population growth, past and future 0.114
Ranked 55th.
-0.403
Ranked 197th.

Population growth 0.114%
Ranked 55th.
-0.403%
Ranked 197th.

Population growth rate 1.11%
Ranked 106th. 4 times more than El Salvador
0.29%
Ranked 169th.

Population in 2015 22,250 thousand
Ranked 54th. 3 times more than El Salvador
8,017 thousand
Ranked 94th.
Sex ratio > At birth 1.06 male(s)/female
Ranked 63th. 1% more than El Salvador
1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 133th.

Sex ratio > Total population 1.01 male(s)/female
Ranked 64th. 9% more than El Salvador
0.93 male(s)/female
Ranked 206th.

Total fertility rate 1.77 children born/woman
Ranked 156th.
1.99 children born/woman
Ranked 128th. 12% more than Australia

Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper 30.3 million
Ranked 4th. 16 times more than El Salvador
1.89 million
Ranked 2nd.

Urbanization in 2015 94.8%
Ranked 7th. 30% more than El Salvador
73.2%
Ranked 53th.
Death rate 7.01 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 132nd. 24% more than El Salvador
5.65 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 173th.

Divorce rate 2.52 per 1,000 people
Ranked 7th. 6 times more than El Salvador
0.41 per 1,000 people
Ranked 25th.
Obesity > Adult obesity rate 26.8%
Ranked 42nd. 4% more than El Salvador
25.8%
Ranked 49th.
Nationality > Adjective Australian Salvadoran
Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 6.58
Ranked 133th. 1% more than El Salvador
6.52
Ranked 135th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita 0.996 per 1,000 people
Ranked 65th. 199 times more than El Salvador
0.005 per 1,000 people
Ranked 136th.

Gender > Female population 20.79 million
Ranked 55th. 7 times more than El Salvador
2.92 million
Ranked 119th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 15.14%
Ranked 124th. 3% more than El Salvador
14.76%
Ranked 138th.

Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 82.1%
Ranked 56th. About the same as El Salvador
81.81%
Ranked 59th.

Nationality > Noun Australian(s) Salvadoran(s)
Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 91st. The same as El Salvador
1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 90th.

Median age > Total 38.1 years
Ranked 57th. 52% more than El Salvador
25.1 years
Ranked 144th.

Migration > Net migration > Per capita 31,542.67 per 1 million people
Ranked 15th.
-49,368.903 per 1 million people
Ranked 171st.

Age structure > 15-64 years 67.5%
Ranked 85th. 6% more than El Salvador
63.7%
Ranked 148th.

Physicians density 3.85 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than El Salvador
1.6 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 25th.
Migration > Foreign worker salaries 3 billion
Ranked 25th. 144 times more than El Salvador
20.89 million
Ranked 119th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 10.55%
Ranked 119th. 1% more than El Salvador
10.46%
Ranked 130th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 49.37%
Ranked 135th. About the same as El Salvador
49.31%
Ranked 137th.

Migration > Net migration rate 6.34 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 18th.
-3.4 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 146th.

Age distribution > Median age 47.26 years
Ranked 69th.
47.67 years
Ranked 61st. 1% more than Australia

Age distribution > Child dependency ratio 27.57%
Ranked 80th. 3% more than El Salvador
26.84%
Ranked 120th.

Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 54.53%
Ranked 63th.
54.97%
Ranked 59th. 1% more than Australia

Urban and rural > Urban population 18.39 million
Ranked 20th. 4 times more than El Salvador
4.16 million
Ranked 8th.

Age structure > 25-54 years 42%
Ranked 92nd. 14% more than El Salvador
37%
Ranked 152nd.
Contraceptive prevalence rate 72.3%
Ranked 23th.
72.5%
Ranked 22nd. About the same as Australia
Projected population growth 28.9%
Ranked 88th.
93%
Ranked 43th. 3 times more than Australia
Age structure > 15-24 years 13.4%
Ranked 175th.
20.9%
Ranked 29th. 56% more than Australia
Urban population 17.93 million
Ranked 36th. 4 times more than El Salvador
4.11 million
Ranked 87th.

Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.85 male(s)/female
Ranked 73th. 6% more than El Salvador
0.8 male(s)/female
Ranked 110th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 54.91%
Ranked 141st.
55%
Ranked 138th. About the same as Australia

Gender empowerment 0.759
Ranked 10th. 67% more than El Salvador
0.454
Ranked 51st.
Age structure > 55-64 years 11.8%
Ranked 56th. 82% more than El Salvador
6.5%
Ranked 131st.
Gender > Male population 20.71 million
Ranked 54th. 8 times more than El Salvador
2.62 million
Ranked 124th.

Population in largest city 4.33 million
Ranked 31st. 3 times more than El Salvador
1.52 million
Ranked 76th.

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 30.5
Ranked 1st. 47% more than El Salvador
20.8
Ranked 10th.
Sex ratio > 15-64 years 1.03
Ranked 53th. 16% more than El Salvador
0.89
Ranked 218th.

Migration > Net migration 641,231
Ranked 12th.
-339,705
Ranked 160th.

Cities > Urban population 95,896
Ranked 18th. 22% more than El Salvador
78,741
Ranked 73th.

Life expectancy at birth > Total population 81.98 years
Ranked 10th. 11% more than El Salvador
73.93 years
Ranked 115th.

Gender > Women aged 15-49 7.68 million
Ranked 58th. 7 times more than El Salvador
1.04 million
Ranked 122nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 2.06 million
Ranked 57th. 8 times more than El Salvador
267,216
Ranked 122nd.

Population > CIA Factbook 21.01 million
Ranked 54th. 3 times more than El Salvador
7.07 million
Ranked 99th.

Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men 31.6
Ranked 5th. 24% more than El Salvador
25.5
Ranked 13th.
Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women 18
Ranked 94th. The same as El Salvador
18
Ranked 93th.
Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 4.6
Ranked 165th.
8.8
Ranked 124th. 91% more than Australia
Religions Protestant 27.4% (Anglican 18.7%, Uniting Church 5.7%, Presbyterian and Reformed 3%), Catholic 25.8%, Eastern Orthodox 2.7%, other Christian 7.9%, Buddhist 2.1%, Muslim 1.7%, other 2.4%, unspecified 11.3%, none 18.7% Roman Catholic 57.1%, Protestant 21.2%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.9%, Mormon 0.7%, other religions 2.3%, none 16.8%
Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 22,548
Ranked 44th. 752 times more than El Salvador
30
Ranked 138th.

Urban and rural > Female rural population 1.94 million
Ranked 26th. 75% more than El Salvador
1.1 million
Ranked 7th.

Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women 29.7
Ranked 5th. 32% more than El Salvador
22.5
Ranked 14th.
Gender > Global Gender Gap Index 0.739
Ranked 24th. 12% more than El Salvador
0.661
Ranked 96th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total 20 years
Ranked 2nd. 67% more than El Salvador
12 years
Ranked 125th.
Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 20.49 million
Ranked 56th. 7 times more than El Salvador
2.73 million
Ranked 122nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 22.79 million
Ranked 56th. 7 times more than El Salvador
3.05 million
Ranked 122nd.

Future population change 47,244.6
Ranked 35th.
-22,575.6
Ranked 142nd.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin 28
Ranked 151st.
5,051
Ranked 62nd. 180 times more than Australia

Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million per 1000 601.12
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than El Salvador
259.8
Ranked 37th.

Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Women 16 14
Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people 823.76
Ranked 10th. 21% more than El Salvador
680.35
Ranked 6th.

Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Future population > Females 12.71 million
Ranked 57th. 3 times more than El Salvador
4.54 million
Ranked 96th.

Teenage pregancy rate 14.6
Ranked 144th.
82.22
Ranked 40th. 6 times more than Australia

Major cities > Population Sydney 4.429 million; Melbourne 3.853 million; Brisbane 1.97 million; Perth 1.599 million; CANBERRA (capital) 399,000 SAN SALVADOR (capital) 1.605 million
Urban and rural > Rural population 3.93 million
Ranked 31st. 84% more than El Salvador
2.13 million
Ranked 9th.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 35.49%
Ranked 65th.
35.93%
Ranked 58th. 1% more than Australia

Population density > People per sq. km of land area 2.91 sq. km
Ranked 209th.
301.94 sq. km
Ranked 34th. 104 times more than Australia

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita 2.05 per 1 million people
Ranked 165th.
728.94 per 1 million people
Ranked 50th. 356 times more than Australia

Urbanization 91
Ranked 19th. 47% more than El Salvador
62
Ranked 85th.
Migration > Refugees 64,100
Ranked 36th. 279 times more than El Salvador
230
Ranked 100th.
Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people 1.47
Ranked 4th.
3.38
Ranked 7th. 2 times more than Australia
Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people 176.24
Ranked 62nd.
349.16
Ranked 6th. 98% more than Australia

Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper 140,872
Ranked 21st.
151,516.19
Ranked 1st. 8% more than Australia

Infant mortality rate > Total 4.49 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 189th.
19.05 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 97th. 4 times more than Australia

Literacy > Total population 99%
Ranked 45th. 17% more than El Salvador
84.5%
Ranked 155th.

Population in largest city > Per capita 0.213 per capita
Ranked 35th.
0.22 per capita
Ranked 32nd. 3% more than Australia

Hospital bed density 3.9 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 24th. 4 times more than El Salvador
1 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 52nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 4.97%
Ranked 122nd. 3% more than El Salvador
4.82%
Ranked 140th.

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent 10.17%
Ranked 122nd. 2% more than El Salvador
9.94%
Ranked 139th.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 14.73 million
Ranked 46th. 7 times more than El Salvador
1.99 million
Ranked 120th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 6.28 million
Ranked 57th. 8 times more than El Salvador
818,080
Ranked 122nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 4.38 million
Ranked 57th. 8 times more than El Salvador
579,798
Ranked 122nd.

Number of infant deaths 1,000
Ranked 125th.
2,000
Ranked 105th. Twice as much as Australia

Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 4.1
Ranked 162nd.
13.6
Ranked 112th. 3 times more than Australia

Urban and rural > Male rural population 2 million
Ranked 26th. 94% more than El Salvador
1.03 million
Ranked 8th.

Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19 1%
Ranked 29th.
15.9%
Ranked 3rd. 16 times more than Australia
Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 1.87
Ranked 136th.
2.24
Ranked 105th. 20% more than Australia

Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.48
Ranked 142nd.
0.65
Ranked 71st. 35% more than Australia

Languages English 78.5%, Chinese 2.5%, Italian 1.6%, Greek 1.3%, Arabic 1.2%, Vietnamese 1%, other 8.2%, unspecified 5.7% Spanish (official), Nahua (among some Amerindians)
Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million 13.64 million
Ranked 23th. 8 times more than El Salvador
1.64 million
Ranked 86th.

Number of infant deaths per 1000 0.0441
Ranked 123th.
0.318
Ranked 84th. 7 times more than Australia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total None None
Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Men 16 15
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 11.3%
Ranked 96th.
11.4%
Ranked 94th. 1% more than Australia

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women 0.8
Ranked 15th.
17
Ranked 9th. 21 times more than Australia
Life expectancy at birth > Female 84.54 years
Ranked 13th. 9% more than El Salvador
77.37 years
Ranked 108th.

Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19 0.4%
Ranked 21st.
4.5%
Ranked 2nd. 11 times more than Australia
Urban population > Per capita 0.882 per capita
Ranked 20th. 47% more than El Salvador
0.598 per capita
Ranked 86th.

Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories 22 Aug 1990 26 Jan 1990
GDP per capita > Current US$ $67,555.76
Ranked 6th. 18 times more than El Salvador
$3,789.57
Ranked 103th.

Education expenditures 5.1% of GDP
Ranked 45th. 50% more than El Salvador
3.4% of GDP
Ranked 25th.

Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Dutch > Length of stay N/A 90 days
Gender > Gender inequality index 0.115
Ranked 129th.
0.441
Ranked 66th. 4 times more than Australia
Median age > Male 37.3 years
Ranked 51st. 57% more than El Salvador
23.7 years
Ranked 149th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 13.3%
Ranked 44th. 3 times more than El Salvador
5.2%
Ranked 120th.

Rural population 2.4 million
Ranked 100th.
2.77 million
Ranked 93th. 15% more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 29.94%
Ranked 65th.
30.24%
Ranked 57th. 1% more than Australia

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 28th. 15% more than El Salvador
87% of population
Ranked 63th.

Median age > Both sexes 37.5
Ranked 51st. 57% more than El Salvador
23.9
Ranked 145th.
Gender ratio > Whole population 101.1%
Ranked 109th.
103.9%
Ranked 62nd. 3% more than Australia

Literacy > Female 99%
Ranked 16th. 20% more than El Salvador
82.3%
Ranked 50th.

Total Population > Female 10.18 million
Ranked 53th. 3 times more than El Salvador
3.5 million
Ranked 99th.
Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 5
Ranked 19th. 5 times more than El Salvador
1
Ranked 99th.
Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 28.6%
Ranked 141st.
47.6%
Ranked 76th. 66% more than Australia
Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 67.9%
Ranked 61st. 15% more than El Salvador
59%
Ranked 156th.

Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 13.29
Ranked 140th.
20.34
Ranked 94th. 53% more than Australia

Drinking water source > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 33th. 14% more than El Salvador
88% of population
Ranked 88th.
Jewish population > By country > Jews > Estimated number of Jews 120,406
Ranked 5th. 1204 times more than El Salvador
100
Ranked 46th.
Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 18.8%
Ranked 165th.
35.8%
Ranked 67th. 90% more than Australia

Population, total per 1000 1,000
Ranked 164th. The same as El Salvador
1,000
Ranked 163th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female 20 years
Ranked 3rd. 67% more than El Salvador
12 years
Ranked 48th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male None None
Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 per million people 0.0898
Ranked 16th.
0.0
Ranked 125th.
Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 21.5%
Ranked 33th. 90% more than El Salvador
11.3%
Ranked 73th.
Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 23,434
Ranked 49th. 617 times more than El Salvador
38
Ranked 150th.

Urban and rural > Male urban population 9.1 million
Ranked 16th. 5 times more than El Salvador
1.92 million
Ranked 7th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method 72.3%
Ranked 11th. The same as El Salvador
72.3%
Ranked 9th.

Urban and rural > Female rural population per thousand people 86.71
Ranked 54th.
180.76
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people 191.64
Ranked 34th. 2 times more than El Salvador
93.91
Ranked 86th.

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people 136.55
Ranked 37th. 99% more than El Salvador
68.7
Ranked 81st.

Future population > Males 12.58 million
Ranked 57th. 3 times more than El Salvador
4.39 million
Ranked 96th.

Structure > Population > Total 21.87 million
Ranked 47th. 4 times more than El Salvador
6.16 million
Ranked 99th.

Life expectancy at birth > Male 79.55 years
Ranked 9th. 13% more than El Salvador
70.66 years
Ranked 119th.

Median age > Female 38.8 years
Ranked 57th. 46% more than El Salvador
26.6 years
Ranked 136th.

Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 2
Ranked 29th.
0.0
Ranked 126th.
Gender ratio > Babies 94.8%
Ranked 132nd.
95.6%
Ranked 103th. 1% more than Australia

Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million 12.32 million
Ranked 22nd. 8 times more than El Salvador
1.52 million
Ranked 77th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 20 years
Ranked 1st. 67% more than El Salvador
12 years
Ranked 122nd.

Net migration 749,997
Ranked 9th.
-225,002
Ranked 175th.

Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper 139,833
Ranked 18th. 13% more than El Salvador
123,621.68
Ranked 2nd.

Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper per thousand people 6.31
Ranked 33th.
24.8
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Australia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 21 years
Ranked 1st. 75% more than El Salvador
12 years
Ranked 75th.
Refugee population by country or territory of origin 39
Ranked 156th.
6,720
Ranked 60th. 172 times more than Australia

Urban and rural > Population living in urban agglomerations 162,292
Ranked 11th. 2 times more than El Salvador
71,541
Ranked 14th.

Gender > Female population per thousand people 509.99
Ranked 48th.
524.74
Ranked 10th. 3% more than Australia

Drinking water source > Improved > Rural 100% of population
Ranked 31st. 32% more than El Salvador
76% of population
Ranked 132nd.
Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 1.27 million
Ranked 30th. 8 times more than El Salvador
162,100
Ranked 99th.

Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index 0.147
Ranked 109th.
0.18
Ranked 99th. 22% more than Australia
Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted 8
Ranked 152nd.
150
Ranked 71st. 19 times more than Australia
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 20 years
Ranked 2nd. 67% more than El Salvador
12 years
Ranked 125th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male 19 years
Ranked 2nd. 58% more than El Salvador
12 years
Ranked 124th.
Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 6
Ranked 31st. 6 times more than El Salvador
1
Ranked 124th.
Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent 76%
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than El Salvador
14%
Ranked 102nd.
Urban population per 1000 879.15
Ranked 20th. 30% more than El Salvador
677.61
Ranked 60th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Modern methods > Percentage 68.1%
Ranked 7th. 3% more than El Salvador
66.1%
Ranked 8th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage 72.3%
Ranked 11th. The same as El Salvador
72.3%
Ranked 9th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Modern methods 68.1%
Ranked 7th. 3% more than El Salvador
66.1%
Ranked 8th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom 14.6%
Ranked 10th. 3 times more than El Salvador
4.3%
Ranked 14th.

Maternal mortality rate 7 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 165th.
81 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 81st. 12 times more than Australia

Gender > Male population per thousand people 505.39
Ranked 40th. 6% more than El Salvador
475.26
Ranked 177th.

Future population change per thousand people 17.07
Ranked 68th. 4 times more than El Salvador
4.68
Ranked 150th.

Female population > Age 10-14 681,950
Ranked 69th. 81% more than El Salvador
376,355
Ranked 88th.
International migrant stock, total 4.71 million
Ranked 12th. 117 times more than El Salvador
40,324
Ranked 149th.

Urban and rural > Females living in urban agglomerations 81,556
Ranked 10th. 2 times more than El Salvador
37,424
Ranked 13th.

Population > CIA Factbook per capita 0.982
Ranked 124th.
1.15
Ranked 15th. 17% more than Australia

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
Infant mortality rate > Female 4.15 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 186th.
16.87 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 93th. 4 times more than Australia

Infant mortality rate > Male 4.8 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 187th.
21.12 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 97th. 4 times more than Australia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 19 years
Ranked 2nd. 58% more than El Salvador
12 years
Ranked 124th.

Literacy > Male 99%
Ranked 52nd. 14% more than El Salvador
87.1%
Ranked 148th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 1.53 million
Ranked 30th. 7 times more than El Salvador
208,412
Ranked 102nd.

Drinking water source > Improved > Urban 100% of population
Ranked 47th. 6% more than El Salvador
94% of population
Ranked 138th.
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 11.9%
Ranked 90th.
13%
Ranked 87th. 9% more than Australia

Health expenditures 9% of GDP
Ranked 41st. 32% more than El Salvador
6.8% of GDP
Ranked 79th.

Gender ratio > Urban population 102.6%
Ranked 40th.
107.9%
Ranked 20th. 5% more than Australia

Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index 0.149
Ranked 132nd.
0.198
Ranked 119th. 33% more than Australia
Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent 67%
Ranked 11th. 68% more than El Salvador
40%
Ranked 95th.
Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men 0.4
Ranked 12th.
5.7
Ranked 4th. 14 times more than Australia
Refugee population by country or territory of origin per 1000 0.00175
Ranked 183th.
1.07
Ranked 45th. 615 times more than Australia

Refugee population by country or territory of asylum per 1000 1.05
Ranked 72nd. 173 times more than El Salvador
0.00607
Ranked 160th.

Urbanization in 1975 85.9%
Ranked 7th. 2 times more than El Salvador
41.5%
Ranked 85th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 21 years
Ranked 1st. 75% more than El Salvador
12 years
Ranked 124th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males 30.9 years
Ranked 4th. 22% more than El Salvador
25.3 years
Ranked 20th.
Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 per million people 0.225
Ranked 9th. 37% more than El Salvador
0.164
Ranked 22nd.
Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000 35.88
Ranked 95th.
42.26
Ranked 27th. 18% more than Australia
Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 per million people 0.27
Ranked 25th. 65% more than El Salvador
0.164
Ranked 67th.
Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given 78
Ranked 17th. 50% more than El Salvador
52
Ranked 98th.
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway 1,430
Ranked 57th. 7 times more than El Salvador
209
Ranked 119th.
Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 50.2%
Ranked 121st.
59%
Ranked 75th. 18% more than Australia
Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000 59.21
Ranked 31st. 2 times more than El Salvador
26.35
Ranked 88th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Males 7.23 million
Ranked 51st. 4 times more than El Salvador
1.99 million
Ranked 104th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females 7.04 million
Ranked 52nd. 3 times more than El Salvador
2.18 million
Ranked 100th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Females per 1000 89.74
Ranked 153th.
201.15
Ranked 41st. 2 times more than Australia

Gender ratio > Aged over 65 122.6%
Ranked 122nd.
130.8%
Ranked 84th. 7% more than Australia

Gender ratio > Aged over 60 115.7%
Ranked 133th.
125.2%
Ranked 83th. 8% more than Australia

Dynamics > Death rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people 6.7
Ranked 121st.
6.83
Ranked 120th. 2% more than Australia

Population density 2.79
Ranked 195th.
296.04
Ranked 32nd. 106 times more than Australia

Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged 30 to 39 0.6%
Ranked 32nd.
2.6%
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Australia
Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Male > Aged 15-19 0.4%
Ranked 14th.
4%
Ranked 2nd. 10 times more than Australia
Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged above 59 10.2%
Ranked 34th.
13.1%
Ranked 9th. 28% more than Australia
Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Female > Aged 15-19 0.9%
Ranked 19th.
12.2%
Ranked 1st. 14 times more than Australia
Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants 0.3%
Ranked 62nd.
0.7%
Ranked 31st. 2 times more than Australia
Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people 37.78
Ranked 24th. 2 times more than El Salvador
15.91
Ranked 71st.

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total per thousand people 126.28
Ranked 145th.
220.99
Ranked 68th. 75% more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people 192.35
Ranked 144th.
320.87
Ranked 70th. 67% more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people 66.06
Ranked 136th.
99.88
Ranked 93th. 51% more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people 686.48
Ranked 46th. 12% more than El Salvador
610.43
Ranked 127th.

Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000 33.44
Ranked 153th.
61.98
Ranked 47th. 85% more than Australia
Female population > Age 25-29 per 1000 32.34
Ranked 164th.
47.9
Ranked 17th. 48% more than Australia
Migration > Refugees per 1000 3.76
Ranked 44th. 87 times more than El Salvador
0.043
Ranked 97th.
Male population > Age 10-14 714,840
Ranked 69th. 82% more than El Salvador
392,308
Ranked 85th.
Future population > Females per thousand people 486.2
Ranked 148th.
584.88
Ranked 5th. 20% more than Australia
Cities > Urban population per thousand people 4e-06
Ranked 143th.
1.04e-05
Ranked 109th. 3 times more than Australia

Urbanization > Urban population 89 64
Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females 28.7 years
Ranked 4th. 29% more than El Salvador
22.3 years
Ranked 20th.
Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time 37%
Ranked 12th. 3 times more than El Salvador
12%
Ranked 96th.
Gender ratio > Aged over 65 > Women per 100 men 122.6
Ranked 122nd.
130.8
Ranked 84th. 7% more than Australia

Gender ratio > Aged over 80 170.9%
Ranked 81st.
171.6%
Ranked 78th. About the same as Australia

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths per million 0.861
Ranked 157th.
16.08
Ranked 85th. 19 times more than Australia

Rural population > Per capita 118 per 1,000 people
Ranked 174th.
402 per 1,000 people
Ranked 108th. 3 times more than Australia

Gender development 0.938
Ranked 2nd. 35% more than El Salvador
0.696
Ranked 84th.
Jewish population > By country > Jews > Estimated number of Jews per 1000 5.98
Ranked 4th. 362 times more than El Salvador
0.0165
Ranked 40th.
Age structure > 0-14 years > Males 2.02 million
Ranked 73th. 57% more than El Salvador
1.29 million
Ranked 86th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 71.44
Ranked 45th. 2 times more than El Salvador
33.88
Ranked 93th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000 338.26
Ranked 59th. 5% more than El Salvador
323.11
Ranked 101st.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000 94.56
Ranked 152nd.
209.88
Ranked 34th. 2 times more than Australia

Migration > Refugees > Convention on refugees 22 Jan 1954 a 28 Apr 1983 a
Gender ratio > Rural population 91.6%
Ranked 46th.
97.3%
Ranked 33th. 6% more than Australia

Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio 91.6
Ranked 46th.
97.3
Ranked 33th. 6% more than Australia

Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39 0.2%
Ranked 22nd.
0.6%
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Australia
Widows > Proportion of age group > Urban > Women > Aged above 59 38.6%
Ranked 15th. 12% more than El Salvador
34.4%
Ranked 6th.
Widows > Proportion of age group > Rural > Women > Aged 40 to 59 2.8%
Ranked 20th.
10.7%
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Australia
Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged 40 to 59 3.3%
Ranked 41st.
10.3%
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than Australia
Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged above 59 37.7%
Ranked 29th. 9% more than El Salvador
34.7%
Ranked 21st.
Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Female > Aged 15-19 1.3%
Ranked 18th.
19.7%
Ranked 2nd. 15 times more than Australia
Female population > Age 20-24 per 1000 33.07
Ranked 166th.
54.04
Ranked 23th. 63% more than Australia
Total Population > Female per 1000 499.16
Ranked 129th.
576.47
Ranked 15th. 15% more than Australia
Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million > Per capita 0.606 per capita
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than El Salvador
0.22 per capita
Ranked 48th.

Migration > International migrant stock > Total 4.34 million
Ranked 12th. 121 times more than El Salvador
35,861
Ranked 145th.

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65 122.6
Ranked 122nd.
130.8
Ranked 84th. 7% more than Australia

Rights of the Child Convention > Ratification Dates 17 Dec 1990 10 Jul 1990
Male population > Age 25-29 per 1000 33.57
Ranked 167th.
46.33
Ranked 37th. 38% more than Australia
Female population > Age 35-39 per 1000 37.03
Ranked 57th. 1% more than El Salvador
36.58
Ranked 61st.
Male population > Age 40-44 per 1000 36.95
Ranked 53th. 51% more than El Salvador
24.52
Ranked 151st.
Male population > Age 55-59 per 1000 30.88
Ranked 27th. 2 times more than El Salvador
14.29
Ranked 111th.
Male population > Age 15-19 713,470
Ranked 64th. 2 times more than El Salvador
353,230
Ranked 90th.
Female population > Age 30-34 731,701
Ranked 52nd. 3 times more than El Salvador
256,609
Ranked 94th.
Female population > Age 15-19 680,723
Ranked 66th. 97% more than El Salvador
346,146
Ranked 90th.
Female population > Age 20-24 674,398
Ranked 61st. 2 times more than El Salvador
328,139
Ranked 92nd.
Total Population > Thousands 20,090
Ranked 52nd. 3 times more than El Salvador
6,705
Ranked 99th.
Male population > Age 10-14 per 1000 35.05
Ranked 152nd.
64.6
Ranked 36th. 84% more than Australia
Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people 0.00749
Ranked 121st.
0.0328
Ranked 79th. 4 times more than Australia
Fertility > Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49 70.8%
Ranked 11th.
72.5%
Ranked 7th. 2% more than Australia

Jewish population > By country > Jews > Population > 2005E 20.09 million
Ranked 18th. 3 times more than El Salvador
6.7 million
Ranked 36th.
Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access 100%
Ranked 25th. 43% more than El Salvador
70%
Ranked 115th.

Completeness of infant death reporting > % of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths 92.25%
Ranked 19th. 3 times more than El Salvador
35.39%
Ranked 75th.

Emigration rate of tertiary educated > % of total tertiary educated population 2.72%
Ranked 173th.
31.74%
Ranked 39th. 12 times more than Australia

Number of under-five deaths 2,000
Ranked 108th. The same as El Salvador
2,000
Ranked 107th.

Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male > % 68.3%
Ranked 22nd. 6% more than El Salvador
64.4%
Ranked 30th.

Jewish population > By country > Jews > Population > 2005E per 1000 985.08
Ranked 30th.
1,104.14
Ranked 3rd. 12% more than Australia
Prevalence of overweight > % of children under 5 8%
Ranked 11th. 40% more than El Salvador
5.7%
Ranked 13th.

Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 1.34
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than El Salvador
0.44
Ranked 86th.
Female population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 1.48
Ranked 45th. 3 times more than El Salvador
0.56
Ranked 116th.
Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000 13.28
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than El Salvador
4.95
Ranked 63th.
Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, female > Per 1,000 live births 4.3
Ranked 163th.
14
Ranked 112th. 3 times more than Australia

Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births 7
Ranked 164th.
81
Ranked 81st. 12 times more than Australia

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5 > Per 1,000 live births 4.9
Ranked 161st.
15.9
Ranked 112th. 3 times more than Australia

Fertility > Mortality rate, neonatal > Per 1,000 live births 2.8
Ranked 163th.
6.3
Ranked 131st. 2 times more than Australia

Improved water source > % of population with access 100%
Ranked 22nd. 11% more than El Salvador
89.7%
Ranked 120th.

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths 19
Ranked 120th.
100
Ranked 89th. 5 times more than Australia

Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country 8,100
Ranked 22nd. 17 times more than El Salvador
490
Ranked 95th.

Fertility > Low-birthweight babies > % of births 6.6%
Ranked 54th.
8.7%
Ranked 6th. 32% more than Australia

Improved sanitation facilities, urban > % of urban population with access 100%
Ranked 27th. 26% more than El Salvador
79.4%
Ranked 120th.

Labor force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64 82.5%
Ranked 57th. About the same as El Salvador
82.2%
Ranked 65th.

Urban and rural > Male rural population per thousand people 89.53
Ranked 54th.
168.41
Ranked 6th. 88% more than Australia

SOURCES: CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision and World Urbanization Prospects: http://esa.un.org/unpp; United Nations Statistics Division. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; (1) United Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp2008/index.htm. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Ethnic and Cultural Diversity By Country. James D. Faeron. Journal of Economic Growth, 8, 195-222, 2003, p. 215 ff.; UNICEF; Wikipedia: World Giving Index (World Giving Index); World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center; United Nations Population Division, Trends in Total Migrant Stock: 2008 Revision.; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Ethnic and Cultural Diversity By Country. James D. Faeron. Journal of Economic Growth, 8, 195-222, 2003, p. 215 ff.; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Statistical Yearbook and data files, complemented by statistics on Palestinian refugees under the mandate of the UNRWA as published on its website. Data from UNHCR are available online at: www.unhcr.org/statistics/populationdatabase. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Demographia World Urban Areas (Built-Up Urban Areas and World Agglomerations): 10th Annual Edition, May 2014 Revision, Table 1, p. 20 ff.; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; http://www.ssb.no/en/innvbef; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; (1) United Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables), (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Food and Agriculture Organisation and World Bank population estimates.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: Immigration to Canada (Canadian permanent resident population by country of birth) ([1] , Place of birth for the immigrant population by period of immigration, 2006 counts and percentages [1] , Population by immigrant status and period of immigration, 2006 counts, for Canada, provinces and territories); United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Source tables, Population projections. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Treaty Collection; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a24, Percent widowed in age group.; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute; Ethnic and Cultural Diversity By Country. James D. Faeron. Journal of Economic Growth, 8, 195-222, 2003, p. 215 ff. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Household surveys, including Demographic and Health Surveys by Macro International and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys by UNICEF.; Census.gov; WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply and Sanitation (http://www.wssinfo.org/).; The United Nations Statistics Division's Population and Vital Statistics Report and the United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects.; Frxe9dxe9ric Docquier, B. Lindsay Lowell, and Abdeslam Marfouk's , "A Gendered Assessment of Highly Skilled Emigration" (2009).; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; Census.gov. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Health Organization, Global Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition. Country-level data are unadjusted data from national surveys, and thus may not be comparable across countries. Adjusted, comparable data are available at http://www.who.int/nutgrowthdb/en. Aggregation is based on UNICEF, WHO, and the World Bank harmonized dataset (adjusted, comparable data) and methodology.; Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2010. Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank.; UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, and Demographic and Health Surveys by ICF International.