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Country vs country: Australia and El Salvador compared: People

Definitions

  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Divorce rate: Divorce rate per 1,000 people
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is no global target for the number of hospital beds per country. So, while 2 beds per 1,000 in one country may be sufficient, 2 beds per 1,000 in another may be woefully inadequate because of the number of people hospitalized by disease.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Median age > Female: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women’s empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Median age > Male: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Mother's mean age at first birth: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • HIV/AIDS > Deaths: This entry gives an estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Projected population growth: Percentage change in projected population between 2000 and 2050
    Units: Percent Change in Population
    Units: A threshold of 0 was applied. All countries with growth rates of 0 or below received the same score.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Total Population: Total Population, as of April 26, 2005
  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Gender empowerment: Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM). The GEM measures the participation of women and men in political decision-making. This index also has four indicators: female members of the Legislature, female participation in selected positions in public and private sector, female participation in academic and technical work, and estimated income. Both indexes are based on data collected by the UN and are processed to enable comparison.
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total Population > Male: Total Population - Male, as of April 26, 2005
  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Population in largest city: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area.
  • Rural population > Per capita: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Structure > Population > Total: Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. The values shown are midyear estimates."
  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Male population > Age 20-24: Male population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 30-34 > % of the total: Total population - Age 30-34 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 70-74: Total population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 55-59 per 1000: Male population - Age 55-59, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 10-14 > % of the total: Female population - Age 10-14 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 65-69 > % of the total: Female population - Age 65-69 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 25-29 > % of the total: Male population - Age 25-29 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 25-29: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 40-44: Female population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 15-19: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 35-39: Male population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 40-44: Male population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 40-44: Total population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 35-39: Total population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 35-39 > % of the total: Total population - Age 35-39 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 45-49: Total population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 65-69: Total population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 60-64 > % of the total: Total population - Age 60-64 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 70-74 > % of the total: Total population - Age 70-74 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 65-69 > % of the total: Total population - Age 65-69 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 75-79 > % of the total: Total population - Age 75-79 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Women > Antenatal care coverage %: People - Women - Antenatal care coverage (%) 1995-2002
  • Total population > Age 75-79: Total population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005
  • Population > Population in the largest city > % of urban population: Population in the largest city (% of urban population). Population in largest city is the percentage of a country's urban population living in that country's largest metropolitan area.
  • Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million: Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million. Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people.
  • Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million > % of total population: Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million (% of total population). Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the percentage of a country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people.
  • Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters). Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country. Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita are calculated using the World Bank's population estimates.
  • Male population > Age 65-69 per 1000: Male population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 65-69: Male population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 70-74 per 1000: Male population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 75-79 per 1000: Male population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000: Male population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 35-39 per 1000: Female population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 25-29 > % of the total: Female population - Age 25-29 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 20-24 > % of the total: Female population - Age 20-24 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 40-44 > % of the total: Female population - Age 40-44 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 35-39 > % of the total: Female population - Age 35-39 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 30-34: Female population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 35-39: Female population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 30-34 > % of the total: Female population - Age 30-34 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 45-49: Female population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 55-59: Female population - Age 55-59, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 50-54: Female population - Age 50-54, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 50-54 > % of the total: Female population - Age 50-54 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 55-59 > % of the total: Female population - Age 55-59 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 45-49 > % of the total: Female population - Age 45-49 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 70-74: Female population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 60-64: Female population - Age 60-64, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 65-69: Female population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 70-74 > % of the total: Female population - Age 70-74 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 75-79: Female population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 80-84 > % of the total: Female population - Age 80-84 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 75-79 > % of the total: Female population - Age 75-79 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Jewish population > By country > Jews > % Jewish: Jew population in countries as percentage of total Jew population in the world.
  • Male population > Age 10-14 > % of the total: Male population - Age 10-14 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Jewish population > By country > Jews > Estimated number of Jews: Total Jew population by country.
  • Male population > Age 10-14: Male population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 15-19 > % of the total: Male population - Age 15-19 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 25-29: Male population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 40-44 > % of the total: Male population - Age 40-44 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 30-34 > % of the total: Male population - Age 30-34 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 35-39 > % of the total: Male population - Age 35-39 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 20-24 > % of the total: Male population - Age 20-24 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 45-49: Male population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 50-54: Male population - Age 50-54, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 55-59: Male population - Age 55-59, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 45-49 > % of the total: Male population - Age 45-49 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 50-54 > % of the total: Male population - Age 50-54 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 60-64: Male population - Age 60-64, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 65-69 > % of the total: Male population - Age 65-69 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 60-64 > % of the total: Male population - Age 60-64 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 55-59 > % of the total: Male population - Age 55-59 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 70-74 > % of the total: Male population - Age 70-74 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 75-79 > % of the total: Male population - Age 75-79 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total: Male population - Age 80-84 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 75-79: Male population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 80-84: Male population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 45-49 per 1000: Female population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 55-59 per 1000: Female population - Age 55-59, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Jewish population > By country > Jews > Population > 2005E: Population by country in 2005.
  • Total Population per capita: Total Population, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Total Population > Female per 1000: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total Population > Male per 1000: Total Population - Male, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 15-19: Total population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Total population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Total population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$: GDP per capita (constant 2000 US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • GDP per capita growth > Annual %: GDP per capita growth (annual %). Annual percentage growth rate of GDP per capita based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources.
  • Total population > Age 25-29 per 1000: Total population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 80-84 per 1000: Total population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Total population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Male population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 50-54: Total population - Age 50-54, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 70-74 per 1000: Total population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 60-64 per 1000: Total population - Age 60-64, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • GNI per capita growth > Annual %: GNI per capita growth (annual %). Annual percentage growth rate of GNI per capita based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.
  • Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 25-29 per 1000: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 40-44 per 1000: Female population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 40-44 per 1000: Male population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 40-44 per 1000: Total population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 45-49 per 1000: Total population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 65-69 per 1000: Total population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Urban population growth > Annual %: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Total population > Age 50-54 per 1000: Total population - Age 50-54, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Jewish population > By country > Jews > Population > 2005E per 1000: Population by country in 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • Number of neonatal deaths: Number of neonatal deaths. Number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5 > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births). Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, female > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, female (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, female (per 1,000)
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000)
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, neonatal > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, neonatal (per 1,000 live births). Neonatal mortality rate is the number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Improved water source, rural > % of rural population with access: Improved water source, rural (% of rural population with access). Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population using an improved drinking water source. The improved drinking water source includes piped water on premises (piped household water connection located inside the useru2019s dwelling, plot or yard), and other improved drinking water sources (public taps or standpipes, tube wells or boreholes, protected dug wells, protected springs, and rainwater collection).
  • Improved water source, urban > % of urban population with access: Improved water source, urban (% of urban population with access). Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population using an improved drinking water source. The improved drinking water source includes piped water on premises (piped household water connection located inside the useru2019s dwelling, plot or yard), and other improved drinking water sources (public taps or standpipes, tube wells or boreholes, protected dug wells, protected springs, and rainwater collection).
  • Improved water source > % of population with access: Improved water source (% of population with access). Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population using an improved drinking water source. The improved drinking water source includes piped water on premises (piped household water connection located inside the useru2019s dwelling, plot or yard), and other improved drinking water sources (public taps or standpipes, tube wells or boreholes, protected dug wells, protected springs, and rainwater collection).
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country: Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in: rate varies by country). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > %: Lifetime risk of maternal death (%). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access: Improved sanitation facilities (% of population with access). Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. The improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
  • Improved sanitation facilities, rural > % of rural population with access: Improved sanitation facilities, rural (% of rural population with access). Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. The improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
  • Improved sanitation facilities, urban > % of urban population with access: Improved sanitation facilities, urban (% of urban population with access). Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. The improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
  • Fertility > Low-birthweight babies > % of births: Low-birthweight babies (% of births). Low-birthweight babies are newborns weighing less than 2,500 grams, with the measurement taken within the first hours of life, before significant postnatal weight loss has occurred.
  • Malnutrition prevalence, weight for age > % of children under 5: Malnutrition prevalence, weight for age (% of children under 5). Prevalence of child malnutrition is the percentage of children under age 5 whose weight for age is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59 months. The data are based on the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births). Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence.
  • Prevalence of overweight > % of children under 5: Prevalence of overweight (% of children under 5). Prevalence of overweight children is the percentage of children under age 5 whose weight for height is more than two standard deviations above the median for the international reference population of the corresponding age as established by the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • Malnutrition prevalence, height for age > % of children under 5: Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5). Prevalence of child malnutrition is the percentage of children under age 5 whose height for age (stunting) is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59 months. For children up to two years old height is measured by recumbent length. For older children height is measured by stature while standing. The data are based on the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • Prevalence of wasting > % of children under 5: Prevalence of wasting (% of children under 5). Wasting prevalence is the proportion of children under five whose weight for height is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59.
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male > %: Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male (%). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-24 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. The participation rates are harmonized to account for differences in national data collection and tabulation methodologies as well as for other country-specific factors such as military service requirements. The series includes both nationally reported and imputed data and only estimates that are national, meaning there are no geographic limitations in coverage.
  • Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, female > %: Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, female (%). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-24 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. The participation rates are harmonized to account for differences in national data collection and tabulation methodologies as well as for other country-specific factors such as military service requirements. The series includes both nationally reported and imputed data and only estimates that are national, meaning there are no geographic limitations in coverage.
  • Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, total > %: Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, total (%). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-24 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. The participation rates are harmonized to account for differences in national data collection and tabulation methodologies as well as for other country-specific factors such as military service requirements. The series includes both nationally reported and imputed data and only estimates that are national, meaning there are no geographic limitations in coverage.
  • Labor force participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15-64)
  • Labor force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15-64)
  • Labor force participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, total (% of total population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Labor participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15+: Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Labor participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15+: Labor participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15+). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Labor participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15+: Labor participation rate, total (% of total population ages 15+). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Labor force, female > % of total labor force: Labor force, female (% of total labor force). Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
  • Emigration rate of tertiary educated > % of total tertiary educated population: Emigration rate of tertiary educated (% of total tertiary educated population). Emigration rate of tertiary educated shows the stock of emigrants ages 25 and older, residing in an OECD country other than that in which they were born, with at least one year of tertiary education as a percentage of the population age 25 and older with tertiary education.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugee population by country or territory of origin. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant.
  • International migrant stock, total: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data.
  • International migrant stock > % of population: International migrant stock (% of population). International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data.
  • Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population: Prevalence of undernourishment (% of population). Population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (also referred to as prevalence of undernourishment) shows the percentage of the population whose food intake is insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements continuously. Data showing as 2.5 signifies a prevalence of undernourishment below 2.5%.
  • Completeness of infant death reporting > % of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths: Completeness of infant death reporting (% of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths). Completeness of infant death reporting is the number of infant deaths reported by national statistics authorities to the United Nations Statistics Division's Demography Yearbook divided by the number of infant deaths estimated by the United Nations Population Division.
  • Completeness of total death reporting > % of reported total deaths to estimated total deaths: Completeness of total death reporting (% of reported total deaths to estimated total deaths). Completeness of total death reporting is the number of total deaths reported by national statistics authorities to the United Nations Statistics Division's Demography Yearbook divided by the number of total deaths estimated by the United Nations Population Division.
  • Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults: Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults: Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Fertility > Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49: Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15-49). Contraceptive prevalence rate is the percentage of women who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for married women ages 15-49 only.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Survival to age 65, female > % of cohort: Survival to age 65, female (% of cohort). Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates.
  • Survival to age 65, male > % of cohort: Survival to age 65, male (% of cohort). Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates.
  • Age dependency ratio > % of working-age population: Age dependency ratio (% of working-age population). Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. Data are shown as the proportion of dependents per 100 working-age population.
  • Age dependency ratio, old > % of working-age population: Age dependency ratio, old (% of working-age population). Age dependency ratio, old, is the ratio of older dependents--people older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. Data are shown as the proportion of dependents per 100 working-age population.
  • Age dependency ratio, young > % of working-age population: Age dependency ratio, young (% of working-age population). Age dependency ratio, young, is the ratio of younger dependents--people younger than 15--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. Data are shown as the proportion of dependents per 100 working-age population.
  • Population, total: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population, female > % of total: Population, female (% of total). Population, female (% of total) is the percentage of the population that is female.
  • Rural population > % of total population: Rural population (% of total population). Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Urban population > % of total: Urban population (% of total). Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects.
  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Rural population per 1000: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Health expenditures: This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP. Health expenditures are broadly defined as activities performed either by institutions or individuals through the application of medical, paramedical, and/or nursing knowledge and technology, the primary purpose of which is to promote, restore, or maintain health.
  • Female population > Age 20-24: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 10-14: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 40-44 > % of the total: Total population - Age 40-44 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 15-19: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 60-64 > % of the total: Female population - Age 60-64 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 70-74: Male population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005
  • Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million per 1000: Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million. Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures > % of population, average 1990-2009: Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009). Droughts, floods and extreme temperatures is the annual average percentage of the population that is affected by natural disasters classified as either droughts, floods, or extreme temperature events. A drought is an extended period of time characterized by a deficiency in a region's water supply that is the result of constantly below average precipitation. A drought can lead to losses to agriculture, affect inland navigation and hydropower plants, and cause a lack of drinking water and famine. A flood is a significant rise of water level in a stream, lake, reservoir or coastal region. Extreme temperature events are either cold waves or heat waves. A cold wave can be both a prolonged period of excessively cold weather and the sudden invasion of very cold air over a large area. Along with frost it can cause damage to agriculture, infrastructure, and property. A heat wave is a prolonged period of excessively hot and sometimes also humid weather relative to normal climate patterns of a certain region. Population affected is the number of people injured, left homeless or requiring immediate assistance during a period of emergency resulting from a natural disaster; it can also include displaced or evacuated people. Average percentage of population affected is calculated by dividing the sum of total affected for the period stated by the sum of the annual population figures for the period stated.
  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Migration > Refugees per 1000: Refugees (number in each country, 1990-99). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Total population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 55-59 per 1000: Total population - Age 55-59, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Male population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 35-39 per 1000: Male population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 35-39 per 1000: Total population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 75-79 per 1000: Total population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Number of neonatal deaths per million: Number of neonatal deaths. Number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths per million: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Net migration per million: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum per 1000: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of origin per 1000: Refugee population by country or territory of origin. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • International migrant stock, total per 1000: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Population, total per 1000: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Obesity > Adult prevalence rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Population growth > Annual %: Annual population growth rate. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of the country of origin.
  • HIV/AIDS > Adult prevalence rate: This entry gives an estimate of the percentage of adults (aged 15-49) living with HIV/AIDS. The adult prevalence rate is calculated by dividing the estimated number of adults living with HIV/AIDS at yearend by the total adult population at yearend.
    Additional details:
    • Azerbaijan: less than 0.2% (2007)
    • Bangladesh: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Bhutan: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Bosnia and Herzegovina: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Brunei: less than 0.1% (2003)
    • Bulgaria: less than 0.1% (2001)
    • Comoros: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Croatia: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Cuba: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Czech Republic: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Egypt: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Finland: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Georgia: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Hungary: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Iraq: less than 0.1% (2001)
    • Japan: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Jordan: less than 0.1% (2001)
    • Korea, South: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Kyrgyzstan: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Macedonia: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Maldives: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Mongolia: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Philippines: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Qatar: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Romania: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Slovakia: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Slovenia: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Sri Lanka: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Syria: less than 0.1% (2001)
    • Tajikistan: less than 0.3% (2007)
    • Tunisia: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Turkey: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Turkmenistan: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Uzbekistan: less than 0.1% (2007)
  • HIV/AIDS > People living with HIV/AIDS: This entry gives an estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS.
    Additional details:
    • Bahrain: fewer than 600 (2007)
    • Bhutan: fewer than 100 (2007)
    • Bhutan: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Brunei: fewer than 200 (2003)
    • Comoros: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Croatia: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Cyprus: fewer than 1,000 (2007)
    • Fiji: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Iceland: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Iraq: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Luxembourg: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Luxembourg: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Macedonia: fewer than 200 (2007)
    • Maldives: fewer than 100 (2009)
    • Malta: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Mongolia: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Qatar: fewer than 200 (2009)
    • Slovakia: fewer than 200 (2007)
    • Slovakia: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Slovenia: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Syria: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Turkmenistan: fewer than 200 (2007)
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Note: Country people note.
  • Number of under-five deaths per 1000: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19). Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
STAT Australia El Salvador HISTORY
Birth rate 12.23 births/1,000 population
Ranked 162nd.
17.12 births/1,000 population
Ranked 115th. 40% more than Australia

Death rate 7.01 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 132nd. 24% more than El Salvador
5.65 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 173th.

Divorce rate 2.52 per 1,000 people
Ranked 7th. 6 times more than El Salvador
0.41 per 1,000 people
Ranked 25th.
Ethnic groups white 92%, Asian 7%, aboriginal and other 1% mestizo 90%, white 9%, Amerindian 1%
Hospital bed density 3.9 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 24th. 4 times more than El Salvador
1 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 52nd.

Infant mortality rate > Total 4.49 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 189th.
19.05 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 97th. 4 times more than Australia

Nationality > Adjective Australian Salvadoran
Nationality > Noun Australian(s) Salvadoran(s)
Physicians density 3.85 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than El Salvador
1.6 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 25th.
Population 22.26 million
Ranked 55th. 4 times more than El Salvador
6.11 million
Ranked 107th.

Population growth rate 1.11%
Ranked 106th. 4 times more than El Salvador
0.29%
Ranked 169th.

Population in 2015 22,250
Ranked 54th. 3 times more than El Salvador
8,017
Ranked 94th.
Sex ratio > At birth 1.06 male(s)/female
Ranked 63th. 1% more than El Salvador
1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 133th.

Sex ratio > Total population 1.01 male(s)/female
Ranked 64th. 9% more than El Salvador
0.93 male(s)/female
Ranked 206th.

Total fertility rate 1.77 children born/woman
Ranked 156th.
1.99 children born/woman
Ranked 128th. 12% more than Australia

Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.85 male(s)/female
Ranked 73th. 6% more than El Salvador
0.8 male(s)/female
Ranked 110th.

Net migration rate None None
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female None None
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male None None
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 20 years
Ranked 1st. 67% more than El Salvador
12 years
Ranked 122nd.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 21 years
Ranked 1st. 75% more than El Salvador
12 years
Ranked 124th.

Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 91st. The same as El Salvador
1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 90th.

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 28th. 15% more than El Salvador
87% of population
Ranked 63th.

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban 100% of population
Ranked 31st. 12% more than El Salvador
89% of population
Ranked 106th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 20 years
Ranked 3rd. 67% more than El Salvador
12 years
Ranked 48th.

Median age > Female 38.8 years
Ranked 57th. 46% more than El Salvador
26.6 years
Ranked 136th.

Median age > Total 38.1 years
Ranked 57th. 52% more than El Salvador
25.1 years
Ranked 144th.

Infant mortality rate > Female 4.15 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 186th.
16.87 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 93th. 4 times more than Australia

Infant mortality rate > Male 4.8 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 187th.
21.12 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 97th. 4 times more than Australia

Major cities > Population Sydney 4.429 million; Melbourne 3.853 million; Brisbane 1.97 million; Perth 1.599 million; CANBERRA (capital) 399,000 SAN SALVADOR (capital) 1.605 million
Age structure > 0-14 years 18.1%
Ranked 168th.
28.9%
Ranked 88th. 60% more than Australia

Sex ratio > 15-64 years 1.03
Ranked 53th. 16% more than El Salvador
0.89
Ranked 218th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male 19 years
Ranked 2nd. 58% more than El Salvador
12 years
Ranked 124th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total 20 years
Ranked 2nd. 67% more than El Salvador
12 years
Ranked 125th.
Languages English 78.5%, Chinese 2.5%, Italian 1.6%, Greek 1.3%, Arabic 1.2%, Vietnamese 1%, other 8.2%, unspecified 5.7% Spanish (official), Nahua (among some Amerindians)
Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
Age structure > 15-24 years 13.4%
Ranked 175th.
20.9%
Ranked 29th. 56% more than Australia
Contraceptive prevalence rate 72.3%
Ranked 23th.
72.5%
Ranked 22nd. About the same as Australia
Age structure > 25-54 years 42%
Ranked 92nd. 14% more than El Salvador
37%
Ranked 152nd.
Age structure > 55-64 years 11.8%
Ranked 56th. 82% more than El Salvador
6.5%
Ranked 131st.
Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 21.5%
Ranked 33th. 90% more than El Salvador
11.3%
Ranked 73th.
Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 4.6
Ranked 165th.
8.8
Ranked 124th. 91% more than Australia
Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 28.6%
Ranked 141st.
47.6%
Ranked 76th. 66% more than Australia
Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 50.2%
Ranked 121st.
59%
Ranked 75th. 18% more than Australia
Religions Protestant 27.4% (Anglican 18.7%, Uniting Church 5.7%, Presbyterian and Reformed 3%), Catholic 25.8%, Eastern Orthodox 2.7%, other Christian 7.9%, Buddhist 2.1%, Muslim 1.7%, other 2.4%, unspecified 11.3%, none 18.7% Roman Catholic 57.1%, Protestant 21.2%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.9%, Mormon 0.7%, other religions 2.3%, none 16.8%
Drinking water source > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 33th. 14% more than El Salvador
88% of population
Ranked 88th.
Sanitation facility access > Improved > Rural 100% of population
Ranked 26th. 20% more than El Salvador
83% of population
Ranked 89th.

Age structure > 65 years and over 14.7%
Ranked 44th. 2 times more than El Salvador
6.7%
Ranked 111th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 19 years
Ranked 2nd. 58% more than El Salvador
12 years
Ranked 124th.

Education expenditures 5.1% of GDP
Ranked 45th. 50% more than El Salvador
3.4% of GDP
Ranked 25th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 20 years
Ranked 2nd. 67% more than El Salvador
12 years
Ranked 125th.

Age structure > 15-64 years 67.5%
Ranked 85th. 6% more than El Salvador
63.7%
Ranked 148th.

Median age > Male 37.3 years
Ranked 51st. 57% more than El Salvador
23.7 years
Ranked 149th.

Drinking water source > Improved > Rural 100% of population
Ranked 31st. 32% more than El Salvador
76% of population
Ranked 132nd.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female 20 years
Ranked 3rd. 67% more than El Salvador
12 years
Ranked 48th.
Child labor > Children ages 5-14 30.5
Ranked 1st. 47% more than El Salvador
20.8
Ranked 10th.
Mother's mean age at first birth 30.5
Ranked 1st. 47% more than El Salvador
20.8
Ranked 10th.
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female 10.8%
Ranked 52nd. 30% more than El Salvador
8.3%
Ranked 8th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total None None
Literacy > Female 99%
Ranked 16th. 20% more than El Salvador
82.3%
Ranked 50th.

HIV/AIDS > Deaths fewer than 100 1400
Drinking water source > Improved > Urban 100% of population
Ranked 47th. 6% more than El Salvador
94% of population
Ranked 138th.
Life expectancy at birth > Female 84.54 years
Ranked 13th. 9% more than El Salvador
77.37 years
Ranked 108th.

Life expectancy at birth > Male 79.55 years
Ranked 9th. 13% more than El Salvador
70.66 years
Ranked 119th.

Life expectancy at birth > Total population 81.98 years
Ranked 10th. 11% more than El Salvador
73.93 years
Ranked 115th.

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 11.9%
Ranked 90th.
13%
Ranked 87th. 9% more than Australia

Literacy > Male 99%
Ranked 52nd. 14% more than El Salvador
87.1%
Ranked 148th.

Literacy > Total population 99%
Ranked 45th. 17% more than El Salvador
84.5%
Ranked 155th.

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 11.3%
Ranked 96th.
11.4%
Ranked 94th. 1% more than Australia

Projected population growth 28.9%
Ranked 88th.
93%
Ranked 43th. 3 times more than Australia
Urbanization in 2015 94.8%
Ranked 7th. 30% more than El Salvador
73.2%
Ranked 53th.
Urban population 17.93 million
Ranked 36th. 4 times more than El Salvador
4.11 million
Ranked 87th.

Total Population 20.26 million
Ranked 52nd. 3 times more than El Salvador
6.82 million
Ranked 99th.
Urbanization 91
Ranked 19th. 47% more than El Salvador
62
Ranked 85th.
Population > CIA Factbook 21.01 million
Ranked 54th. 3 times more than El Salvador
7.07 million
Ranked 99th.

Gender empowerment 0.759
Ranked 10th. 67% more than El Salvador
0.454
Ranked 51st.
Rural population 2.4 million
Ranked 100th.
2.77 million
Ranked 93th. 15% more than Australia

Total Population > Female 10.18 million
Ranked 53th. 3 times more than El Salvador
3.5 million
Ranked 99th.
Total Population > Male 10.08 million
Ranked 52nd. 3 times more than El Salvador
3.32 million
Ranked 99th.
Urban population > Per capita 0.882 per capita
Ranked 20th. 47% more than El Salvador
0.598 per capita
Ranked 86th.

Population in largest city 4.33 million
Ranked 31st. 3 times more than El Salvador
1.52 million
Ranked 76th.

Gender development 0.938
Ranked 2nd. 35% more than El Salvador
0.696
Ranked 84th.
Rural population > Per capita 118 per 1,000 people
Ranked 174th.
402 per 1,000 people
Ranked 108th. 3 times more than Australia

Population density 2.79
Ranked 195th.
296.04
Ranked 32nd. 106 times more than Australia

Structure > Population > Total 21.87 million
Ranked 47th. 4 times more than El Salvador
6.16 million
Ranked 99th.

Teenage pregancy rate 14.6
Ranked 144th.
82.22
Ranked 40th. 6 times more than Australia

Urbanization > Urban population 89 64
Urbanization in 1975 85.9%
Ranked 7th. 2 times more than El Salvador
41.5%
Ranked 85th.
Male population > Age 20-24 703,926
Ranked 61st. 2 times more than El Salvador
324,237
Ranked 93th.
Total population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 7.32
Ranked 96th. 2% more than El Salvador
7.15
Ranked 111th.
Total population > Age 70-74 613,782
Ranked 32nd. 7 times more than El Salvador
93,434
Ranked 103th.
Male population > Age 55-59 per 1000 30.88
Ranked 27th. 2 times more than El Salvador
14.29
Ranked 111th.
Female population > Age 10-14 > % of the total 3.37
Ranked 170th.
5.52
Ranked 78th. 64% more than Australia
Female population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 1.94
Ranked 53th. Twice as much as El Salvador
0.97
Ranked 124th.
Male population > Age 25-29 > % of the total 3.38
Ranked 189th.
4.12
Ranked 79th. 22% more than Australia
Female population > Age 25-29 659,521
Ranked 58th. 2 times more than El Salvador
290,889
Ranked 93th.
Female population > Age 40-44 744,829
Ranked 42nd. 4 times more than El Salvador
188,765
Ranked 96th.
Male population > Age 15-19 713,470
Ranked 64th. 2 times more than El Salvador
353,230
Ranked 90th.
Male population > Age 35-39 767,477
Ranked 49th. 4 times more than El Salvador
176,886
Ranked 109th.
Male population > Age 40-44 753,683
Ranked 42nd. 5 times more than El Salvador
148,920
Ranked 111th.
Total population > Age 40-44 1.5 million
Ranked 42nd. 4 times more than El Salvador
337,685
Ranked 104th.
Total population > Age 35-39 1.52 million
Ranked 50th. 4 times more than El Salvador
399,019
Ranked 102nd.
Total population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 7.51
Ranked 68th. 28% more than El Salvador
5.85
Ranked 158th.
Total population > Age 45-49 1.47 million
Ranked 37th. 5 times more than El Salvador
273,899
Ranked 107th.
Total population > Age 65-69 763,253
Ranked 34th. 6 times more than El Salvador
120,500
Ranked 109th.
Total population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 4.78
Ranked 39th. 2 times more than El Salvador
2.25
Ranked 123th.
Total population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 3.03
Ranked 50th. 2 times more than El Salvador
1.37
Ranked 121st.
Total population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 3.77
Ranked 49th. 2 times more than El Salvador
1.77
Ranked 126th.
Total population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 2.67
Ranked 44th. 3 times more than El Salvador
1.01
Ranked 114th.
Women > Antenatal care coverage % 100
Ranked 9th. 32% more than El Salvador
76
Ranked 94th.
Total population > Age 75-79 540,861
Ranked 29th. 8 times more than El Salvador
68,737
Ranked 102nd.
Population > Population in the largest city > % of urban population 22.19%
Ranked 79th.
39.46%
Ranked 32nd. 78% more than Australia

Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million 13.64 million
Ranked 23th. 8 times more than El Salvador
1.64 million
Ranked 86th.

Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million > % of total population 60.11%
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than El Salvador
25.98%
Ranked 37th.

Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters 22,039.16
Ranked 30th. 8 times more than El Salvador
2,837.17
Ranked 89th.

Male population > Age 65-69 per 1000 18.2
Ranked 43th. 2 times more than El Salvador
8.92
Ranked 101st.
Male population > Age 65-69 371,085
Ranked 33th. 7 times more than El Salvador
54,174
Ranked 108th.
Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000 33.38
Ranked 163th.
57
Ranked 45th. 71% more than Australia
Male population > Age 70-74 per 1000 14.09
Ranked 41st. 2 times more than El Salvador
6.86
Ranked 91st.
Male population > Age 75-79 per 1000 11.83
Ranked 30th. 2 times more than El Salvador
5.01
Ranked 86th.
Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000 13.28
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than El Salvador
4.95
Ranked 63th.
Female population > Age 35-39 per 1000 37.03
Ranked 57th. 1% more than El Salvador
36.58
Ranked 61st.
Female population > Age 25-29 > % of the total 3.25
Ranked 190th.
4.26
Ranked 42nd. 31% more than Australia
Female population > Age 20-24 > % of the total 3.33
Ranked 186th.
4.81
Ranked 56th. 44% more than Australia
Female population > Age 40-44 > % of the total 3.68
Ranked 61st. 33% more than El Salvador
2.77
Ranked 139th.
Female population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 3.73
Ranked 61st. 14% more than El Salvador
3.26
Ranked 120th.
Female population > Age 30-34 731,701
Ranked 52nd. 3 times more than El Salvador
256,609
Ranked 94th.
Female population > Age 35-39 755,154
Ranked 49th. 3 times more than El Salvador
222,133
Ranked 94th.
Female population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 3.61
Ranked 97th.
3.76
Ranked 72nd. 4% more than Australia
Female population > Age 45-49 732,092
Ranked 39th. 5 times more than El Salvador
150,609
Ranked 107th.
Female population > Age 55-59 631,318
Ranked 34th. 6 times more than El Salvador
101,282
Ranked 107th.
Female population > Age 50-54 667,689
Ranked 35th. 5 times more than El Salvador
124,658
Ranked 105th.
Female population > Age 50-54 > % of the total 3.29
Ranked 44th. 80% more than El Salvador
1.83
Ranked 142nd.
Female population > Age 55-59 > % of the total 3.12
Ranked 35th. 2 times more than El Salvador
1.48
Ranked 128th.
Female population > Age 45-49 > % of the total 3.61
Ranked 49th. 63% more than El Salvador
2.21
Ranked 147th.
Female population > Age 70-74 326,515
Ranked 33th. 6 times more than El Salvador
51,772
Ranked 104th.
Female population > Age 60-64 487,284
Ranked 35th. 6 times more than El Salvador
83,021
Ranked 103th.
Female population > Age 65-69 392,168
Ranked 34th. 6 times more than El Salvador
66,326
Ranked 110th.
Female population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 1.61
Ranked 54th. 2 times more than El Salvador
0.76
Ranked 121st.
Female population > Age 75-79 299,528
Ranked 29th. 8 times more than El Salvador
38,322
Ranked 103th.
Female population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 2.27
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than El Salvador
0.58
Ranked 102nd.
Female population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 1.48
Ranked 45th. 3 times more than El Salvador
0.56
Ranked 116th.
Jewish population > By country > Jews > % Jewish 0.6%
Ranked 5th. 600 times more than El Salvador
0.001%
Ranked 41st.
Male population > Age 10-14 > % of the total 3.53
Ranked 170th.
5.75
Ranked 77th. 63% more than Australia
Jewish population > By country > Jews > Estimated number of Jews 120,406
Ranked 5th. 1204 times more than El Salvador
100
Ranked 46th.
Male population > Age 10-14 714,840
Ranked 69th. 82% more than El Salvador
392,308
Ranked 85th.
Male population > Age 15-19 > % of the total 3.52
Ranked 186th.
5.18
Ranked 95th. 47% more than Australia
Male population > Age 25-29 684,704
Ranked 57th. 2 times more than El Salvador
281,313
Ranked 97th.
Male population > Age 40-44 > % of the total 3.72
Ranked 60th. 71% more than El Salvador
2.18
Ranked 180th.
Male population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 3.71
Ranked 88th. 9% more than El Salvador
3.39
Ranked 142nd.
Male population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 3.79
Ranked 67th. 46% more than El Salvador
2.59
Ranked 188th.
Male population > Age 20-24 > % of the total 3.47
Ranked 185th.
4.75
Ranked 76th. 37% more than Australia
Male population > Age 45-49 735,678
Ranked 37th. 6 times more than El Salvador
123,290
Ranked 115th.
Male population > Age 50-54 659,704
Ranked 35th. 6 times more than El Salvador
103,616
Ranked 105th.
Male population > Age 55-59 629,744
Ranked 33th. 7 times more than El Salvador
86,769
Ranked 105th.
Male population > Age 45-49 > % of the total 3.63
Ranked 47th. Twice as much as El Salvador
1.81
Ranked 170th.
Male population > Age 50-54 > % of the total 3.26
Ranked 50th. 2 times more than El Salvador
1.52
Ranked 157th.
Male population > Age 60-64 481,596
Ranked 32nd. 7 times more than El Salvador
70,640
Ranked 102nd.
Male population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 1.83
Ranked 46th. 2 times more than El Salvador
0.79
Ranked 134th.
Male population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 2.38
Ranked 34th. 2 times more than El Salvador
1.04
Ranked 132nd.
Male population > Age 55-59 > % of the total 3.11
Ranked 31st. 2 times more than El Salvador
1.27
Ranked 146th.
Male population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 1.42
Ranked 46th. 2 times more than El Salvador
0.61
Ranked 125th.
Male population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 1.19
Ranked 34th. 3 times more than El Salvador
0.45
Ranked 112th.
Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 1.34
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than El Salvador
0.44
Ranked 86th.
Male population > Age 75-79 241,333
Ranked 30th. 8 times more than El Salvador
30,415
Ranked 98th.
Male population > Age 80-84 270,904
Ranked 21st. 9 times more than El Salvador
30,041
Ranked 84th.
Female population > Age 45-49 per 1000 35.9
Ranked 42nd. 45% more than El Salvador
24.8
Ranked 109th.
Female population > Age 55-59 per 1000 30.95
Ranked 39th. 86% more than El Salvador
16.68
Ranked 94th.
Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Jewish population > By country > Jews > Population > 2005E 20.09 million
Ranked 18th. 3 times more than El Salvador
6.7 million
Ranked 36th.
Total Population per capita 0.994
Ranked 121st.
1.12
Ranked 19th. 13% more than Australia
Total Population > Female per 1000 499.16
Ranked 129th.
576.47
Ranked 15th. 15% more than Australia
Total Population > Male per 1000 494.43
Ranked 111th.
547.01
Ranked 36th. 11% more than Australia
Total population > Age 15-19 1.39 million
Ranked 64th. Twice as much as El Salvador
699,376
Ranked 90th.
Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000 68.49
Ranked 152nd.
126.58
Ranked 37th. 85% more than Australia
Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000 68.36
Ranked 163th.
115.17
Ranked 47th. 68% more than Australia
GDP per capita > Current US$ $67,555.76
Ranked 6th. 18 times more than El Salvador
$3,789.57
Ranked 103th.

GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$ $37,304.64
Ranked 17th. 12 times more than El Salvador
$3,034.53
Ranked 100th.

GDP per capita growth > Annual % 1.76%
Ranked 89th. 39% more than El Salvador
1.26%
Ranked 108th.

Total population > Age 25-29 per 1000 65.91
Ranked 168th.
94.23
Ranked 26th. 43% more than Australia
Total population > Age 80-84 per 1000 35.87
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than El Salvador
11.49
Ranked 74th.
Total population > Age 30-34 per 1000 72.74
Ranked 94th.
80.37
Ranked 48th. 10% more than Australia
Male population > Age 30-34 per 1000 36.87
Ranked 88th.
38.12
Ranked 75th. 3% more than Australia
Total population > Age 50-54 1.33 million
Ranked 35th. 6 times more than El Salvador
228,274
Ranked 107th.
Female population > Age 20-24 per 1000 33.07
Ranked 166th.
54.04
Ranked 23th. 63% more than Australia
Total population > Age 70-74 per 1000 30.1
Ranked 46th. 96% more than El Salvador
15.39
Ranked 96th.
Total population > Age 60-64 per 1000 47.51
Ranked 32nd. 88% more than El Salvador
25.3
Ranked 91st.
GNI per capita growth > Annual % 2.71%
Ranked 44th. 55 times more than El Salvador
0.049%
Ranked 80th.

Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000 33.44
Ranked 153th.
61.98
Ranked 47th. 85% more than Australia
Female population > Age 25-29 per 1000 32.34
Ranked 164th.
47.9
Ranked 17th. 48% more than Australia
Female population > Age 40-44 per 1000 36.52
Ranked 55th. 17% more than El Salvador
31.09
Ranked 104th.
Male population > Age 40-44 per 1000 36.95
Ranked 53th. 51% more than El Salvador
24.52
Ranked 151st.
Total population > Age 40-44 per 1000 73.48
Ranked 51st. 32% more than El Salvador
55.61
Ranked 129th.
Total population > Age 45-49 per 1000 71.97
Ranked 43th. 60% more than El Salvador
45.1
Ranked 129th.
Total population > Age 65-69 per 1000 37.42
Ranked 45th. 89% more than El Salvador
19.84
Ranked 97th.
Urban population growth > Annual % 1.4%
Ranked 118th.
2.21%
Ranked 88th. 58% more than Australia

Total population > Age 50-54 per 1000 65.08
Ranked 40th. 73% more than El Salvador
37.59
Ranked 121st.
Migration > Net migration rate 6.34 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 18th.
-3.4 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 146th.

Jewish population > By country > Jews > Population > 2005E per 1000 985.08
Ranked 30th.
1,104.14
Ranked 3rd. 12% more than Australia
Number of infant deaths 1,000
Ranked 125th.
2,000
Ranked 105th. Twice as much as Australia

Number of under-five deaths 2,000
Ranked 108th. The same as El Salvador
2,000
Ranked 107th.

Number of neonatal deaths 1,000
Ranked 111th. The same as El Salvador
1,000
Ranked 110th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5 > Per 1,000 live births 4.9
Ranked 161st.
15.9
Ranked 112th. 3 times more than Australia

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, female > Per 1,000 live births 4.3
Ranked 163th.
14
Ranked 112th. 3 times more than Australia

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births 5.4
Ranked 161st.
17.6
Ranked 111th. 3 times more than Australia

Fertility > Mortality rate, neonatal > Per 1,000 live births 2.8
Ranked 163th.
6.3
Ranked 131st. 2 times more than Australia

Improved water source, rural > % of rural population with access 100%
Ranked 23th. 23% more than El Salvador
81.4%
Ranked 121st.

Improved water source, urban > % of urban population with access 100%
Ranked 32nd. 6% more than El Salvador
94.2%
Ranked 138th.

Improved water source > % of population with access 100%
Ranked 22nd. 11% more than El Salvador
89.7%
Ranked 120th.

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths 19
Ranked 120th.
100
Ranked 89th. 5 times more than Australia

Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country 8,100
Ranked 22nd. 17 times more than El Salvador
490
Ranked 95th.

Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > % 0.0123%
Ranked 160th.
0.204%
Ranked 87th. 17 times more than Australia

Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access 100%
Ranked 25th. 43% more than El Salvador
70%
Ranked 115th.

Improved sanitation facilities, rural > % of rural population with access 100%
Ranked 24th. 90% more than El Salvador
52.6%
Ranked 118th.

Improved sanitation facilities, urban > % of urban population with access 100%
Ranked 27th. 26% more than El Salvador
79.4%
Ranked 120th.

Fertility > Low-birthweight babies > % of births 6.6%
Ranked 54th.
8.7%
Ranked 6th. 32% more than Australia

Malnutrition prevalence, weight for age > % of children under 5 0.2%
Ranked 28th.
6.6%
Ranked 16th. 33 times more than Australia

Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births 7
Ranked 164th.
81
Ranked 81st. 12 times more than Australia

Prevalence of overweight > % of children under 5 8%
Ranked 11th. 40% more than El Salvador
5.7%
Ranked 13th.

Malnutrition prevalence, height for age > % of children under 5 1.8%
Ranked 28th.
20.6%
Ranked 18th. 11 times more than Australia

Prevalence of wasting > % of children under 5 0.0
Ranked 28th.
1.6%
Ranked 19th.

Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female > % 59.4%
Ranked 16th. 94% more than El Salvador
30.6%
Ranked 84th.

Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male > % 68.3%
Ranked 22nd. 6% more than El Salvador
64.4%
Ranked 30th.

Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, female > % 66.7%
Ranked 15th. 96% more than El Salvador
34%
Ranked 113th.

Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, total > % 67.5%
Ranked 13th. 37% more than El Salvador
49.2%
Ranked 73th.

Labor force participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15-64 70.3%
Ranked 44th. 38% more than El Salvador
50.9%
Ranked 133th.

Labor force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64 82.5%
Ranked 57th. About the same as El Salvador
82.2%
Ranked 65th.

Labor force participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15-64 76.4%
Ranked 42nd. 17% more than El Salvador
65.3%
Ranked 128th.

Labor participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15+ 58.8%
Ranked 60th. 24% more than El Salvador
47.6%
Ranked 124th.

Labor participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15+ 71.9%
Ranked 113th.
79%
Ranked 61st. 10% more than Australia

Labor participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15+ 65.3%
Ranked 79th. 5% more than El Salvador
62%
Ranked 103th.

Labor force, female > % of total labor force 45.55%
Ranked 76th. 10% more than El Salvador
41.59%
Ranked 111th.

Emigration rate of tertiary educated > % of total tertiary educated population 2.72%
Ranked 173th.
31.74%
Ranked 39th. 12 times more than Australia

Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 23,434
Ranked 49th. 617 times more than El Salvador
38
Ranked 150th.

Refugee population by country or territory of origin 39
Ranked 156th.
6,720
Ranked 60th. 172 times more than Australia

International migrant stock, total 4.71 million
Ranked 12th. 117 times more than El Salvador
40,324
Ranked 149th.

International migrant stock > % of population 21.35%
Ranked 31st. 33 times more than El Salvador
0.648%
Ranked 177th.

Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population 5%
Ranked 156th.
12.3%
Ranked 61st. 2 times more than Australia

Completeness of infant death reporting > % of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths 92.25%
Ranked 19th. 3 times more than El Salvador
35.39%
Ranked 75th.

Completeness of total death reporting > % of reported total deaths to estimated total deaths 96.27%
Ranked 30th. 22% more than El Salvador
79.21%
Ranked 74th.

Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults 47.28
Ranked 176th.
120.46
Ranked 86th. 3 times more than Australia

Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults 80.6
Ranked 177th.
287.47
Ranked 39th. 4 times more than Australia

Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 13.29
Ranked 140th.
20.34
Ranked 94th. 53% more than Australia

Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 6.58
Ranked 133th. 1% more than El Salvador
6.52
Ranked 135th.

Fertility > Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49 70.8%
Ranked 11th.
72.5%
Ranked 7th. 2% more than Australia

Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 4.1
Ranked 162nd.
13.6
Ranked 112th. 3 times more than Australia

Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 1.87
Ranked 136th.
2.24
Ranked 105th. 20% more than Australia

Survival to age 65, female > % of cohort 92.9%
Ranked 11th. 14% more than El Salvador
81.31%
Ranked 104th.

Survival to age 65, male > % of cohort 88.16%
Ranked 5th. 39% more than El Salvador
63.45%
Ranked 128th.

Age dependency ratio > % of working-age population 49.11%
Ranked 126th.
60.46%
Ranked 69th. 23% more than Australia

Age dependency ratio, old > % of working-age population 20.86%
Ranked 34th. 84% more than El Salvador
11.33%
Ranked 73th.

Age dependency ratio, young > % of working-age population 28.25%
Ranked 141st.
49.14%
Ranked 74th. 74% more than Australia

Population, total 22.68 million
Ranked 52nd. 4 times more than El Salvador
6.3 million
Ranked 107th.

Population, female > % of total 50.22%
Ranked 105th.
52.57%
Ranked 11th. 5% more than Australia

Rural population > % of total population 10.66%
Ranked 186th.
34.75%
Ranked 124th. 3 times more than Australia

Urban population > % of total 89.34%
Ranked 24th. 37% more than El Salvador
65.25%
Ranked 86th.

Urban population per 1000 879.15
Ranked 20th. 30% more than El Salvador
677.61
Ranked 60th.

Rural population per 1000 117.62
Ranked 171st.
455.52
Ranked 91st. 4 times more than Australia

Population > CIA Factbook per capita 0.982
Ranked 124th.
1.15
Ranked 15th. 17% more than Australia

Age structure > 0-14 years > Females per 1000 89.74
Ranked 153th.
201.15
Ranked 41st. 2 times more than Australia

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 71.44
Ranked 45th. 2 times more than El Salvador
33.88
Ranked 93th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000 338.26
Ranked 59th. 5% more than El Salvador
323.11
Ranked 101st.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000 329.15
Ranked 80th.
354.31
Ranked 33th. 8% more than Australia

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000 59.21
Ranked 31st. 2 times more than El Salvador
26.35
Ranked 88th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000 94.56
Ranked 152nd.
209.88
Ranked 34th. 2 times more than Australia

Health expenditures 9% of GDP
Ranked 41st. 32% more than El Salvador
6.8% of GDP
Ranked 79th.

Female population > Age 20-24 674,398
Ranked 61st. 2 times more than El Salvador
328,139
Ranked 92nd.
Female population > Age 10-14 681,950
Ranked 69th. 81% more than El Salvador
376,355
Ranked 88th.
Total population > Age 40-44 > % of the total 7.39
Ranked 61st. 49% more than El Salvador
4.95
Ranked 157th.
Female population > Age 15-19 680,723
Ranked 66th. 97% more than El Salvador
346,146
Ranked 90th.
Female population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 2.4
Ranked 41st. 97% more than El Salvador
1.22
Ranked 115th.
Male population > Age 70-74 287,267
Ranked 32nd. 7 times more than El Salvador
41,662
Ranked 104th.
Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million per 1000 601.12
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than El Salvador
259.8
Ranked 37th.

Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures > % of population, average 1990-2009 3.05%
Ranked 24th. 8 times more than El Salvador
0.361%
Ranked 76th.
Maternal mortality rate 7 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 165th.
81 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 81st. 12 times more than Australia

Migration > Refugees per 1000 3.76
Ranked 44th. 87 times more than El Salvador
0.043
Ranked 97th.
Total population > Age 20-24 per 1000 67.58
Ranked 164th.
107.43
Ranked 32nd. 59% more than Australia
Total population > Age 55-59 per 1000 61.83
Ranked 30th. Twice as much as El Salvador
30.97
Ranked 102nd.
Male population > Age 20-24 per 1000 34.51
Ranked 162nd.
53.39
Ranked 39th. 55% more than Australia
Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000 34.98
Ranked 164th.
58.17
Ranked 45th. 66% more than Australia
Male population > Age 35-39 per 1000 37.63
Ranked 62nd. 29% more than El Salvador
29.13
Ranked 147th.
Total population > Age 35-39 per 1000 74.66
Ranked 60th. 14% more than El Salvador
65.71
Ranked 114th.
Total population > Age 75-79 per 1000 26.52
Ranked 40th. 2 times more than El Salvador
11.32
Ranked 89th.
Number of infant deaths per 1000 0.0441
Ranked 123th.
0.318
Ranked 84th. 7 times more than Australia

Number of neonatal deaths per million 44.08
Ranked 108th.
158.8
Ranked 92nd. 4 times more than Australia

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths per million 0.861
Ranked 157th.
16.08
Ranked 85th. 19 times more than Australia

Net migration per million 33,063.4
Ranked 13th.
-35,729.383
Ranked 184th.

Refugee population by country or territory of asylum per 1000 1.05
Ranked 72nd. 173 times more than El Salvador
0.00607
Ranked 160th.

Refugee population by country or territory of origin per 1000 0.00175
Ranked 183th.
1.07
Ranked 45th. 615 times more than Australia

International migrant stock, total per 1000 213.52
Ranked 31st. 33 times more than El Salvador
6.48
Ranked 177th.

Population, total per 1000 1,000
Ranked 164th. The same as El Salvador
1,000
Ranked 163th.

Obesity > Adult prevalence rate 26.8%
Ranked 42nd. 4% more than El Salvador
25.8%
Ranked 49th.
Population growth > Annual % 1.18%
Ranked 104th.
1.74%
Ranked 71st. 47% more than Australia

HIV/AIDS > Adult prevalence rate 0.1%
Ranked 129th.
0.8%
Ranked 58th. 8 times more than Australia

HIV/AIDS > People living with HIV/AIDS 20,000
Ranked 77th.
34,000
Ranked 67th. 70% more than Australia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 21 years
Ranked 1st. 75% more than El Salvador
12 years
Ranked 75th.
Note Australia's aboriginal people are now in the minority The Pipil are one of the groups making up El Salvador's small indigenous population
Number of under-five deaths per 1000 0.0882
Ranked 125th.
0.318
Ranked 91st. 4 times more than Australia

Net migration 749,997
Ranked 9th.
-225,002
Ranked 175th.

Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 12.85
Ranked 153th.
77.33
Ranked 45th. 6 times more than Australia

Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.48
Ranked 142nd.
0.65
Ranked 71st. 35% more than Australia

SOURCES: CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; divorcereform.org2004; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision and World Urbanization Prospects: http://esa.un.org/unpp; CIA World Factbook 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; Population Reference Bureau, 2001 World Population Data Sheet, Washington, DC: PRB, 2001. via ciesin.org; UN (United Nations). 2002. World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. New York; World Development Indicators database; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute; Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights (ESA/P/WP.173, 20 March 2002); All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Human Development Reports, United Nations 2002; Food and Agriculture Organisation and World Bank population estimates.; (1) United Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp2008/index.htm. (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) World bank estimates based on the data from the sources above, household surveys conducted by national agencies, Macro International, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and refugees statistics from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.; United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects.; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNICEF; United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects.; Food and Agriculture Organization; US State Department's International Religious Freedom Report 2004 and Jewish Population Tables; Census.gov; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank national accounts data; World Bank national accounts data; Census.gov. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Estimates developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org.; WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply and Sanitation (http://www.wssinfo.org/).; Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2010. Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank.; UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, and Demographic and Health Surveys by ICF International.; World Health Organization, Global Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition. Country-level data are unadjusted data from national surveys, and thus may not be comparable across countries. Adjusted, comparable data are available at http://www.who.int/nutgrowthdb/en. Aggregation is based on UNICEF, WHO, and the World Bank harmonized dataset (adjusted, comparable data) and methodology.; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; Frxe9dxe9ric Docquier, B. Lindsay Lowell, and Abdeslam Marfouk's , "A Gendered Assessment of Highly Skilled Emigration" (2009).; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Statistical Yearbook and data files, complemented by statistics on Palestinian refugees under the mandate of the UNRWA as published on its website. Data from UNHCR are available online at: www.unhcr.org/statistics/populationdatabase.; United Nations Population Division, Trends in Total Migrant Stock: 2008 Revision.; The United Nations Statistics Division's Population and Vital Statistics Report and the United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects.; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/wpp/unpp/panel_population.htm, (2) University of California, Berkeley, and Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research. Human Mortality Database. [ www.mortality.org or www.humanmortality.de].; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Household surveys, including Demographic and Health Surveys by Macro International and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys by UNICEF.; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Repot (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database; United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/wpp/unpp/panel_population.htm.; World Bank staff estimates; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; The United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects.; World Bank Staff estimates based on United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database: www.emdat.be, Universitxe9 Catholique de Louvain, Brussels (Belgium), World Bank.; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Estimates developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2010. Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Statistical Yearbook and data files, complemented by statistics on Palestinian refugees under the mandate of the UNRWA as published on its website. Data from UNHCR are available online at: www.unhcr.org/statistics/populationdatabase. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division, Trends in Total Migrant Stock: 2008 Revision. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; British Broadcasting Corporation 2014