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Definitions

  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Divorce rate: Divorce rate per 1,000 people
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Mother's mean age at first birth: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition






  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women’s empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper: City population by sex, city and city type.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Migration > Foreign worker salaries: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. Remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers resident in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status, to recipients in their country of origin. Migrants' transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Urban and rural > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas by country.
  • Migration > Net migration > Per capita: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas by country.
  • Projected population growth: Percentage change in projected population between 2000 and 2050
    Units: Percent Change in Population
    Units: A threshold of 0 was applied. All countries with growth rates of 0 or below received the same score.

  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Population density > People per sq. km of land area: Population density (people per sq. km of land area). Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • Gender > Global Gender Gap Index: The Gender Gap Index considers gender inequality in the dimensions of economic participation (equality of salaries, labor market participation and access to high-skilled employment); access to education; political participation; and health (life expectancy and sex ratio). The highest score of 1 means total equality, 0 means complete inequality. The Index is calculated by the World Economic Forum.
  • Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Gender empowerment: Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM). The GEM measures the participation of women and men in political decision-making. This index also has four indicators: female members of the Legislature, female participation in selected positions in public and private sector, female participation in academic and technical work, and estimated income. Both indexes are based on data collected by the UN and are processed to enable comparison.
  • Migration > Net migration: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period."
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant."
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)


  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women: Average age of women at their first marriage.
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is no global target for the number of hospital beds per country. So, while 2 beds per 1,000 in one country may be sufficient, 2 beds per 1,000 in another may be woefully inadequate because of the number of people hospitalized by disease.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men: Average age of men at their first marriage.
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Population, total: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted."
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Women: Age at which women are allowed to marry with parental consent.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper: Total number of males living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population: Total number of females living in rural areas by country.
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Migration > Refugees: Refugees (number in each country, 1990-99)
  • Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper: Total number of females living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Urban and rural > Female urban population: Total number of females living in urban areas by country.
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women: Percentage of female population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of females in the same age group.
  • Gender > Gender inequality index: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper per thousand people: Total number of females living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway: Country of origin of Norway’s population who was either foreign born or born in Norway to foreign residents (number of people by country of origin).
  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Future population > Females: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given: Maternity leave benefits.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men: Percentage of male population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of males in the same age group.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women: Minimum legal age at which women can be married without parental consent.
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total: Number of people aged 80 years and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories: Date of signing convention
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Minimum legal marrying age > With parental consent > For Women: Legal Age for Marriage.
  • Density and urbanisation > Urban population: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 per million people: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time: VT.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Men: Age at which men are allowed to marry with parental consent.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Age distribution > Child dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant children out of total population aged 15 and older. A dependant child is a child aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Gender > Sex ratio at birth: Number of males born for every female born. Countries with a number less than one have more females born than males.
  • Future population change: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Median age > Female: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Urban and rural > Male urban population: Total number of males living in urban areas by country.
  • Urban and rural > Male rural population: Total number of males living in rural areas by country.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Population in largest city: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Jewish population > By country > Jews > Estimated number of Jews: Total Jew population by country.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Dutch > Length of stay: allowed stay.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Age structure > 0-14 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Median age > Male: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Rural population > Per capita: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 5-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 80 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent: DM.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19). Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Austrian citizens > Conditions of access: Conditions of access.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Malaysian citizens > Conditions of access: Conditions of access.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Austrian citizens > Length of stay permitted: Length of stay permitted.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > German citizens > Conditions of access: Condition(s) of access.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > German citizens > Length of stay: Length of stay permitted.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Cities > Urban areas over 500,000: Urban Areas Over 500,000.
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • Future population > Males: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Health expenditures: This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP. Health expenditures are broadly defined as activities performed either by institutions or individuals through the application of medical, paramedical, and/or nursing knowledge and technology, the primary purpose of which is to promote, restore, or maintain health.
  • Note: Country people note.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Minimum marrying age > Without parental consent > For Women: Minimum legal age at which women can be married without parental consent.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Minimum marrying age > Without parental consent > For Men: Minimum legal age at which men can be married without parental consent.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Median age > Both sexes: Age of person who is older than half the population and younger than the other half of the population.
  • Net migration per million: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Austrian citizens > Fee: Fee (if applicable).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent: HS.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000: Urban Areas Over 2,000,000.
  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using any type of contraceptive.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using condoms.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, any method, percentage.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent of people aged 15-19 years who are or have been married or in a marriage-like union recognized by the law or customs of their country.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender ratio > Whole population: Female/male ratio of population.
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population per thousand people: Total number of females living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people: Total population living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country speak a very different language. A high score of close to 1 indicates that many unrelated languages are spoken. A score of close to 0 means that few languages are spoken, and / or that the spoken languages are similar to one another. For more information, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Population, total per 1000: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Spain: Foreign residents in Spain (number of people by country of origin).
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total: Number of people aged 5-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Density and urbanisation > Rural population: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Number of neonatal deaths: Number of neonatal deaths. Number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Modern methods > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using modern methods of contraception.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Modern methods: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, modern methods, percentage.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in urban agglomerations: Total population living in urban agglomerations. An urban agglomeration should not be confused with a metropolitan area, whereas an agglomeration refers to multiple connected urban cities, while a metropolitan area refers to a central urban area with outlying suburban cities and districts.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Percent Jewish: Proportion of country’s population that is Jewish.
  • Gender ratio > Babies: Female/male ratio at birth.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Enlarged Jewish population:

    Jewish population by country. The enlarged Jewish community includes Jews, non-Jews with Jewish ancestry and non-Jewish members of Jewish households.   

  • Urban and rural > Females living in urban agglomerations: Total number of females living in urban agglomerations. An urban agglomeration should not be confused with a metropolitan area, whereas an agglomeration refers to multiple connected urban cities, while a metropolitan area refers to a central urban area with outlying suburban cities and districts.
  • Urban and rural > Males living in urban agglomerations: Total number of males living in urban agglomerations. An urban agglomeration should not be confused with a metropolitan area, whereas an agglomeration refers to multiple connected urban cities, while a metropolitan area refers to a central urban area with outlying suburban cities and districts.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Migration > International migrant stock > Total: International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data."
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Gender > Female population per thousand people: Total female population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Cities > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > French citizens > Visa requirement: Europe Visa requirement.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > French citizens > Notes: Europe Notes (excluding departure fees).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Age structure > 15-64 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Minimum marrying age > With parental consent > For Men: Minimum legal age at which men can be married with parental consent.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Structure > Population > Total: Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. The values shown are midyear estimates."
  • Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million > Per capita: Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Gender ratio > Urban population: Female/male ratio of urban population.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Number of under-five deaths per 1000: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$: GDP per capita (constant 2000 US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million: Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants: Portion of immigrants in Canada.
  • Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio: Women per 100 men amongst urban population.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Cities > Rate of urbanization: Urbanization rate.
  • Number of neonatal deaths per million: Number of neonatal deaths. Number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, condom, percentage.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Migration > Refugees per 1000: Refugees (number in each country, 1990-99). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults: Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults: Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway per million people: Country of origin of Norway’s population who was either foreign born or born in Norway to foreign residents (number of people by country of origin). Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Australian citizens > Conditions of access: Visa requirement.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugee population by country or territory of origin. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant.
  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country: Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in: rate varies by country). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada, share of Canadian population: Country of birth of Canadian residents (in percent).
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada: Country of birth of Canadian residents (number of residents).
  • Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio: Women per 100 men, rural population.
  • Gender ratio > Rural population: Female/male ratio of rural population.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 60: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 60 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 60, there are 196 females who are over 60.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Future population change per thousand people: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-64. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Female population > Age 10-14: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 20-24: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 25-29: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Population in largest city > Per capita: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths per million: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 2000 adjusted
  • Rural population per 1000: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 20-24: Total population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
STAT Australia El Salvador HISTORY
Age structure > 0-14 years 18.1%
Ranked 168th.
28.9%
Ranked 88th. 60% more than Australia

Age structure > 65 years and over 14.7%
Ranked 44th. 2 times more than El Salvador
6.7%
Ranked 111th.

Birth rate 12.23 births/1,000 population
Ranked 162nd.
17.12 births/1,000 population
Ranked 115th. 40% more than Australia

Death rate 7.01 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 132nd. 24% more than El Salvador
5.65 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 173th.

Divorce rate 2.52 per 1,000 people
Ranked 7th. 6 times more than El Salvador
0.41 per 1,000 people
Ranked 25th.
Ethnic groups white 92%, Asian 7%, aboriginal and other 1% mestizo 90%, white 9%, Amerindian 1%
Mother's mean age at first birth 30.5
Ranked 1st. 47% more than El Salvador
20.8
Ranked 10th.
Population 22.26 million
Ranked 55th. 4 times more than El Salvador
6.11 million
Ranked 107th.

Population > Population growth, past and future 0.114
Ranked 55th.
-0.403
Ranked 197th.

Population growth rate 1.11%
Ranked 106th. 4 times more than El Salvador
0.29%
Ranked 169th.

Population in 2015 22,250 thousand
Ranked 54th. 3 times more than El Salvador
8,017 thousand
Ranked 94th.
Religions Protestant 27.4% (Anglican 18.7%, Uniting Church 5.7%, Presbyterian and Reformed 3%), Catholic 25.8%, Eastern Orthodox 2.7%, other Christian 7.9%, Buddhist 2.1%, Muslim 1.7%, other 2.4%, unspecified 11.3%, none 18.7% Roman Catholic 57.1%, Protestant 21.2%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.9%, Mormon 0.7%, other religions 2.3%, none 16.8%
Sex ratio > At birth 1.06 male(s)/female
Ranked 63th. 1% more than El Salvador
1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 133th.

Sex ratio > Total population 1.01 male(s)/female
Ranked 64th. 9% more than El Salvador
0.93 male(s)/female
Ranked 206th.

Total fertility rate 1.77 children born/woman
Ranked 156th.
1.99 children born/woman
Ranked 128th. 12% more than Australia

Languages English 78.5%, Chinese 2.5%, Italian 1.6%, Greek 1.3%, Arabic 1.2%, Vietnamese 1%, other 8.2%, unspecified 5.7% Spanish (official), Nahua (among some Amerindians)
Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 6.58
Ranked 133th. 1% more than El Salvador
6.52
Ranked 135th.

Contraceptive prevalence rate 72.3%
Ranked 23th.
72.5%
Ranked 22nd. About the same as Australia
Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper 30.3 million
Ranked 4th. 16 times more than El Salvador
1.89 million
Ranked 2nd.

Nationality > Adjective Australian Salvadoran
Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 91st. The same as El Salvador
1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 90th.

Median age > Total 38.1 years
Ranked 57th. 52% more than El Salvador
25.1 years
Ranked 144th.

Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.85 male(s)/female
Ranked 73th. 6% more than El Salvador
0.8 male(s)/female
Ranked 110th.

Migration > Foreign worker salaries 3 billion
Ranked 25th. 144 times more than El Salvador
20.89 million
Ranked 119th.

Nationality > Noun Australian(s) Salvadoran(s)
Age structure > 15-24 years 13.4%
Ranked 175th.
20.9%
Ranked 29th. 56% more than Australia
Migration > Net migration rate 6.34 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 18th.
-3.4 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 146th.

Urban and rural > Urban population 18.39 million
Ranked 20th. 4 times more than El Salvador
4.16 million
Ranked 8th.

Migration > Net migration > Per capita 31,542.67 per 1 million people
Ranked 15th.
-49,368.903 per 1 million people
Ranked 171st.

Age structure > 15-64 years 67.5%
Ranked 85th. 6% more than El Salvador
63.7%
Ranked 148th.

Sex ratio > 15-64 years 1.03
Ranked 53th. 16% more than El Salvador
0.89
Ranked 218th.

Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Obesity > Adult obesity rate 26.8%
Ranked 42nd. 4% more than El Salvador
25.8%
Ranked 49th.
Urban and rural > Rural population 3.93 million
Ranked 31st. 84% more than El Salvador
2.13 million
Ranked 9th.

Projected population growth 28.9%
Ranked 88th.
93%
Ranked 43th. 3 times more than Australia
Life expectancy at birth > Total population 81.98 years
Ranked 10th. 11% more than El Salvador
73.93 years
Ranked 115th.

Age structure > 25-54 years 42%
Ranked 92nd. 14% more than El Salvador
37%
Ranked 152nd.
Age distribution > Median age 47.26 years
Ranked 69th.
47.67 years
Ranked 61st. 1% more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 15.14%
Ranked 124th. 3% more than El Salvador
14.76%
Ranked 138th.

Population growth 0.114%
Ranked 55th.
-0.403%
Ranked 197th.

Population density > People per sq. km of land area 2.91 sq. km
Ranked 209th.
301.94 sq. km
Ranked 34th. 104 times more than Australia

Gender > Female population 20.79 million
Ranked 55th. 7 times more than El Salvador
2.92 million
Ranked 119th.

Gender > Global Gender Gap Index 0.739
Ranked 24th. 12% more than El Salvador
0.661
Ranked 96th.

Cities > Urban population 95,896
Ranked 18th. 22% more than El Salvador
78,741
Ranked 73th.

Age structure > 55-64 years 11.8%
Ranked 56th. 82% more than El Salvador
6.5%
Ranked 131st.
Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita 0.996 per 1,000 people
Ranked 65th. 199 times more than El Salvador
0.005 per 1,000 people
Ranked 136th.

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 30.5
Ranked 1st. 47% more than El Salvador
20.8
Ranked 10th.
Urban population 17.93 million
Ranked 36th. 4 times more than El Salvador
4.11 million
Ranked 87th.

Net migration 749,997
Ranked 9th.
-225,002
Ranked 175th.

Population > CIA Factbook 21.01 million
Ranked 54th. 3 times more than El Salvador
7.07 million
Ranked 99th.

Gender empowerment 0.759
Ranked 10th. 67% more than El Salvador
0.454
Ranked 51st.
Migration > Net migration 641,231
Ranked 12th.
-339,705
Ranked 160th.

Life expectancy at birth > Female 84.54 years
Ranked 13th. 9% more than El Salvador
77.37 years
Ranked 108th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin 28
Ranked 151st.
5,051
Ranked 62nd. 180 times more than Australia

Infant mortality rate > Total 4.49 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 189th.
19.05 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 97th. 4 times more than Australia

Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 82.1%
Ranked 56th. About the same as El Salvador
81.81%
Ranked 59th.

Education expenditures 5.1% of GDP
Ranked 45th. 50% more than El Salvador
3.4% of GDP
Ranked 25th.

Literacy > Total population 99%
Ranked 45th. 17% more than El Salvador
84.5%
Ranked 155th.

Literacy > Female 99%
Ranked 16th. 20% more than El Salvador
82.3%
Ranked 50th.

Urbanization in 2015 94.8%
Ranked 7th. 30% more than El Salvador
73.2%
Ranked 53th.
Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 4.1
Ranked 162nd.
13.6
Ranked 112th. 3 times more than Australia

Urbanization 91
Ranked 19th. 47% more than El Salvador
62
Ranked 85th.
Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.48
Ranked 142nd.
0.65
Ranked 71st. 35% more than Australia

Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women 29.7
Ranked 5th. 32% more than El Salvador
22.5
Ranked 14th.
Number of infant deaths per 1000 0.0441
Ranked 123th.
0.318
Ranked 84th. 7 times more than Australia

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 11.3%
Ranked 96th.
11.4%
Ranked 94th. 1% more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 49.37%
Ranked 135th. About the same as El Salvador
49.31%
Ranked 137th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 6.28 million
Ranked 57th. 8 times more than El Salvador
818,080
Ranked 122nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 10.55%
Ranked 119th. 1% more than El Salvador
10.46%
Ranked 130th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 22.79 million
Ranked 56th. 7 times more than El Salvador
3.05 million
Ranked 122nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 54.91%
Ranked 141st.
55%
Ranked 138th. About the same as Australia

Hospital bed density 3.9 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 24th. 4 times more than El Salvador
1 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 52nd.

Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men 31.6
Ranked 5th. 24% more than El Salvador
25.5
Ranked 13th.
Number of infant deaths 1,000
Ranked 125th.
2,000
Ranked 105th. Twice as much as Australia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total None None
Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 29.94%
Ranked 65th.
30.24%
Ranked 57th. 1% more than Australia

Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 5
Ranked 19th. 5 times more than El Salvador
1
Ranked 99th.
Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 21.5%
Ranked 33th. 90% more than El Salvador
11.3%
Ranked 73th.
Physicians density 3.85 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than El Salvador
1.6 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 25th.
Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 1.87
Ranked 136th.
2.24
Ranked 105th. 20% more than Australia

Population, total 22.68 million
Ranked 52nd. 4 times more than El Salvador
6.3 million
Ranked 107th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 22,548
Ranked 44th. 752 times more than El Salvador
30
Ranked 138th.

Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Women 16 14
Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people 823.76
Ranked 10th. 21% more than El Salvador
680.35
Ranked 6th.

Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 54.53%
Ranked 63th.
54.97%
Ranked 59th. 1% more than Australia

Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper 139,833
Ranked 18th. 13% more than El Salvador
123,621.68
Ranked 2nd.

Urban and rural > Female rural population 1.94 million
Ranked 26th. 75% more than El Salvador
1.1 million
Ranked 7th.

Total Population > Female 10.18 million
Ranked 53th. 3 times more than El Salvador
3.5 million
Ranked 99th.
Life expectancy at birth > Male 79.55 years
Ranked 9th. 13% more than El Salvador
70.66 years
Ranked 119th.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 14.73 million
Ranked 46th. 7 times more than El Salvador
1.99 million
Ranked 120th.

Migration > Refugees 64,100
Ranked 36th. 279 times more than El Salvador
230
Ranked 100th.
Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper 140,872
Ranked 21st.
151,516.19
Ranked 1st. 8% more than Australia

Urban and rural > Female urban population 9.29 million
Ranked 16th. 4 times more than El Salvador
2.23 million
Ranked 7th.

Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 13.29
Ranked 140th.
20.34
Ranked 94th. 53% more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 35.49%
Ranked 65th.
35.93%
Ranked 58th. 1% more than Australia

Gender > Male population 20.71 million
Ranked 54th. 8 times more than El Salvador
2.62 million
Ranked 124th.

GDP per capita > Current US$ $67,555.76
Ranked 6th. 18 times more than El Salvador
$3,789.57
Ranked 103th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women 0.8
Ranked 15th.
17
Ranked 9th. 21 times more than Australia
Gender > Gender inequality index 0.115
Ranked 129th.
0.441
Ranked 66th. 4 times more than Australia
Population density 2.79
Ranked 195th.
296.04
Ranked 32nd. 106 times more than Australia

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper per thousand people 6.31
Ranked 33th.
24.8
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Australia

Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway 1,430
Ranked 57th. 7 times more than El Salvador
209
Ranked 119th.
Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 50.2%
Ranked 121st.
59%
Ranked 75th. 18% more than Australia
Future population > Females 12.71 million
Ranked 57th. 3 times more than El Salvador
4.54 million
Ranked 96th.

Literacy > Male 99%
Ranked 52nd. 14% more than El Salvador
87.1%
Ranked 148th.

Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given 78
Ranked 17th. 50% more than El Salvador
52
Ranked 98th.
Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men 0.4
Ranked 12th.
5.7
Ranked 4th. 14 times more than Australia
Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women 18
Ranked 94th. The same as El Salvador
18
Ranked 93th.
Rural population 2.4 million
Ranked 100th.
2.77 million
Ranked 93th. 15% more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total 5.86 million
Ranked 31st. 8 times more than El Salvador
735,895
Ranked 110th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 20.49 million
Ranked 56th. 7 times more than El Salvador
2.73 million
Ranked 122nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 4.38 million
Ranked 57th. 8 times more than El Salvador
579,798
Ranked 122nd.

Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories 22 Aug 1990 26 Jan 1990
Marriage, divorce and children > Minimum legal marrying age > With parental consent > For Women 16 14
Density and urbanisation > Urban population 19.45 million
Ranked 35th. 5 times more than El Salvador
3.76 million
Ranked 87th.

Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 4.6
Ranked 165th.
8.8
Ranked 124th. 91% more than Australia
Major cities > Population Sydney 4.429 million; Melbourne 3.853 million; Brisbane 1.97 million; Perth 1.599 million; CANBERRA (capital) 399,000 SAN SALVADOR (capital) 1.605 million
Teenage pregancy rate 14.6
Ranked 144th.
82.22
Ranked 40th. 6 times more than Australia

Drinking water source > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 33th. 14% more than El Salvador
88% of population
Ranked 88th.
Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 per million people 0.225
Ranked 9th. 37% more than El Salvador
0.164
Ranked 22nd.
Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time 37%
Ranked 12th. 3 times more than El Salvador
12%
Ranked 96th.
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female 10.8%
Ranked 52nd. 30% more than El Salvador
8.3%
Ranked 8th.
Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Men 16 15
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male None None
Gender > Women aged 15-49 7.68 million
Ranked 58th. 7 times more than El Salvador
1.04 million
Ranked 122nd.

Age distribution > Child dependency ratio 27.57%
Ranked 80th. 3% more than El Salvador
26.84%
Ranked 120th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 2.06 million
Ranked 57th. 8 times more than El Salvador
267,216
Ranked 122nd.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 21 years
Ranked 1st. 75% more than El Salvador
12 years
Ranked 124th.

Gender > Sex ratio at birth 1.05
Ranked 55th. About the same as El Salvador
1.05
Ranked 116th.

Future population change 47,244.6
Ranked 35th.
-22,575.6
Ranked 142nd.

Median age > Female 38.8 years
Ranked 57th. 46% more than El Salvador
26.6 years
Ranked 136th.

Drinking water source > Improved > Rural 100% of population
Ranked 31st. 32% more than El Salvador
76% of population
Ranked 132nd.
Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 28.6%
Ranked 141st.
47.6%
Ranked 76th. 66% more than Australia
Urban and rural > Male urban population 9.1 million
Ranked 16th. 5 times more than El Salvador
1.92 million
Ranked 7th.

Urban and rural > Male rural population 2 million
Ranked 26th. 94% more than El Salvador
1.03 million
Ranked 8th.

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 11.9%
Ranked 90th.
13%
Ranked 87th. 9% more than Australia

Population in largest city 4.33 million
Ranked 31st. 3 times more than El Salvador
1.52 million
Ranked 76th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 13.3%
Ranked 44th. 3 times more than El Salvador
5.2%
Ranked 120th.

Jewish population > By country > Jews > Estimated number of Jews 120,406
Ranked 5th. 1204 times more than El Salvador
100
Ranked 46th.
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Dutch > Length of stay N/A 90 days
Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 18.8%
Ranked 165th.
35.8%
Ranked 67th. 90% more than Australia

Median age > Male 37.3 years
Ranked 51st. 57% more than El Salvador
23.7 years
Ranked 149th.

Urban population > Per capita 0.882 per capita
Ranked 20th. 47% more than El Salvador
0.598 per capita
Ranked 86th.

Rural population > Per capita 118 per 1,000 people
Ranked 174th.
402 per 1,000 people
Ranked 108th. 3 times more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent 10.17%
Ranked 122nd. 2% more than El Salvador
9.94%
Ranked 139th.

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent 14.11%
Ranked 46th. 6% more than El Salvador
13.28%
Ranked 61st.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 4.97%
Ranked 122nd. 3% more than El Salvador
4.82%
Ranked 140th.

Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent 76%
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than El Salvador
14%
Ranked 102nd.
Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 12.85
Ranked 153th.
77.33
Ranked 45th. 6 times more than Australia

Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Austrian citizens > Conditions of access eVisitor visa required visa-free
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Malaysian citizens > Conditions of access pre-arrival Electronic Travel Authority required [1] 3 months [1]
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Austrian citizens > Length of stay permitted 3 months 3 months
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > German citizens > Conditions of access eVisitor visa required visa-free
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > German citizens > Length of stay 3 months 3 months
Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 6
Ranked 31st. 6 times more than El Salvador
1
Ranked 124th.
Number of under-five deaths 2,000
Ranked 108th. The same as El Salvador
2,000
Ranked 107th.

Future population > Males 12.58 million
Ranked 57th. 3 times more than El Salvador
4.39 million
Ranked 96th.

Population > CIA Factbook per capita 0.982
Ranked 124th.
1.15
Ranked 15th. 17% more than Australia

Health expenditures 9% of GDP
Ranked 41st. 32% more than El Salvador
6.8% of GDP
Ranked 79th.

Note Australia's aboriginal people are now in the minority The Pipil are one of the groups making up El Salvador's small indigenous population
Marriage, divorce and children > Minimum marrying age > Without parental consent > For Women 18
Ranked 94th. The same as El Salvador
18
Ranked 93th.
Marriage, divorce and children > Minimum marrying age > Without parental consent > For Men 18
Ranked 106th. The same as El Salvador
18
Ranked 105th.
Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people 1.47
Ranked 4th.
3.38
Ranked 7th. 2 times more than Australia
Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 23,434
Ranked 49th. 617 times more than El Salvador
38
Ranked 150th.

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 28th. 15% more than El Salvador
87% of population
Ranked 63th.

Median age > Both sexes 37.5
Ranked 51st. 57% more than El Salvador
23.9
Ranked 145th.
Net migration per million 33,063.4
Ranked 13th.
-35,729.383
Ranked 184th.

Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Austrian citizens > Fee free of charge n/a
Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent 67%
Ranked 11th. 68% more than El Salvador
40%
Ranked 95th.
Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 2
Ranked 29th.
0.0
Ranked 126th.
Urban population per 1000 879.15
Ranked 20th. 30% more than El Salvador
677.61
Ranked 60th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage 72.3%
Ranked 11th. The same as El Salvador
72.3%
Ranked 9th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom > Percentage 14.6%
Ranked 10th. 3 times more than El Salvador
4.3%
Ranked 14th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method 72.3%
Ranked 11th. The same as El Salvador
72.3%
Ranked 9th.

Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19 1%
Ranked 29th.
15.9%
Ranked 3rd. 16 times more than Australia
Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 1.27 million
Ranked 30th. 8 times more than El Salvador
162,100
Ranked 99th.

Gender ratio > Whole population 101.1%
Ranked 109th.
103.9%
Ranked 62nd. 3% more than Australia

Urban and rural > Female rural population per thousand people 86.71
Ranked 54th.
180.76
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than Australia

Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people 176.24
Ranked 62nd.
349.16
Ranked 6th. 98% more than Australia

Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index 0.147
Ranked 109th.
0.18
Ranked 99th. 22% more than Australia
Population, total per 1000 1,000
Ranked 164th. The same as El Salvador
1,000
Ranked 163th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000 59.21
Ranked 31st. 2 times more than El Salvador
26.35
Ranked 88th.

Infant mortality rate > Female 4.15 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 186th.
16.87 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 93th. 4 times more than Australia

Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Spain 1,455
Ranked 1st.
3,795
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total 4.22 million
Ranked 57th. 8 times more than El Salvador
550,864
Ranked 122nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total 12.43 million
Ranked 40th. 7 times more than El Salvador
1.68 million
Ranked 118th.

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban 100% of population
Ranked 31st. 12% more than El Salvador
89% of population
Ranked 106th.

Maternal mortality rate 7 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 165th.
81 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 81st. 12 times more than Australia

Density and urbanisation > Rural population 2.42 million
Ranked 96th. 1% more than El Salvador
2.4 million
Ranked 97th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 1.53 million
Ranked 30th. 7 times more than El Salvador
208,412
Ranked 102nd.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Males 7.23 million
Ranked 51st. 4 times more than El Salvador
1.99 million
Ranked 104th.

Number of neonatal deaths 1,000
Ranked 111th. The same as El Salvador
1,000
Ranked 110th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Modern methods > Percentage 68.1%
Ranked 7th. 3% more than El Salvador
66.1%
Ranked 8th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Modern methods 68.1%
Ranked 7th. 3% more than El Salvador
66.1%
Ranked 8th.

Urban and rural > Population living in urban agglomerations 162,292
Ranked 11th. 2 times more than El Salvador
71,541
Ranked 14th.

Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Percent Jewish 0.613%
Ranked 11th. 153 times more than El Salvador
0.004%
Ranked 81st.
Gender ratio > Babies 94.8%
Ranked 132nd.
95.6%
Ranked 103th. 1% more than Australia

Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Enlarged Jewish population 135,000
Ranked 10th. 675 times more than El Salvador
200
Ranked 93th.
Urban and rural > Females living in urban agglomerations 81,556
Ranked 10th. 2 times more than El Salvador
37,424
Ranked 13th.

Urban and rural > Males living in urban agglomerations 80,736
Ranked 10th. 2 times more than El Salvador
34,117
Ranked 13th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Females 1.92 million
Ranked 73th. 55% more than El Salvador
1.24 million
Ranked 87th.

Migration > International migrant stock > Total 4.34 million
Ranked 12th. 121 times more than El Salvador
35,861
Ranked 145th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female None None
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 20 years
Ranked 2nd. 67% more than El Salvador
12 years
Ranked 125th.

Gender > Female population per thousand people 509.99
Ranked 48th.
524.74
Ranked 10th. 3% more than Australia

Cities > Urban population per thousand people 4e-06
Ranked 143th.
1.04e-05
Ranked 109th. 3 times more than Australia

Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index 0.149
Ranked 132nd.
0.198
Ranked 119th. 33% more than Australia
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male 19 years
Ranked 2nd. 58% more than El Salvador
12 years
Ranked 124th.
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > French citizens > Visa requirement eVisitor Visa not required
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > French citizens > Notes 90 days on each visit in 12 month period if granted 3 months
Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 67.9%
Ranked 61st. 15% more than El Salvador
59%
Ranked 156th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Minimum marrying age > With parental consent > For Men 16
Ranked 59th. 7% more than El Salvador
15
Ranked 80th.
Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita 2.05 per 1 million people
Ranked 165th.
728.94 per 1 million people
Ranked 50th. 356 times more than Australia

Structure > Population > Total 21.87 million
Ranked 47th. 4 times more than El Salvador
6.16 million
Ranked 99th.

Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million > Per capita 0.606 per capita
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than El Salvador
0.22 per capita
Ranked 48th.

Gender development 0.938
Ranked 2nd. 35% more than El Salvador
0.696
Ranked 84th.
Gender ratio > Urban population 102.6%
Ranked 40th.
107.9%
Ranked 20th. 5% more than Australia

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 71.44
Ranked 45th. 2 times more than El Salvador
33.88
Ranked 93th.

Number of under-five deaths per 1000 0.0882
Ranked 125th.
0.318
Ranked 91st. 4 times more than Australia

GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$ $37,304.64
Ranked 17th. 12 times more than El Salvador
$3,034.53
Ranked 100th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 21 years
Ranked 1st. 75% more than El Salvador
12 years
Ranked 75th.
Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million 12.32 million
Ranked 22nd. 8 times more than El Salvador
1.52 million
Ranked 77th.

Urbanization > Urban population 89 64
Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants 0.3%
Ranked 62nd.
0.7%
Ranked 31st. 2 times more than Australia
Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio 102.6
Ranked 40th.
107.9
Ranked 20th. 5% more than Australia

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males 2.02 million
Ranked 73th. 57% more than El Salvador
1.29 million
Ranked 86th.

Cities > Rate of urbanization 1.2%
Ranked 148th.
1.9%
Ranked 99th. 58% more than Australia
Number of neonatal deaths per million 44.08
Ranked 108th.
158.8
Ranked 92nd. 4 times more than Australia

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom 14.6%
Ranked 10th. 3 times more than El Salvador
4.3%
Ranked 14th.

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Rural 100% of population
Ranked 26th. 20% more than El Salvador
83% of population
Ranked 89th.

Migration > Refugees per 1000 3.76
Ranked 44th. 87 times more than El Salvador
0.043
Ranked 97th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 20 years
Ranked 3rd. 67% more than El Salvador
12 years
Ranked 48th.

Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults 47.28
Ranked 176th.
120.46
Ranked 86th. 3 times more than Australia

Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults 80.6
Ranked 177th.
287.47
Ranked 39th. 4 times more than Australia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female 20 years
Ranked 3rd. 67% more than El Salvador
12 years
Ranked 48th.
Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people 250.28
Ranked 101st.
276.63
Ranked 27th. 11% more than Australia

Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway per million people 64.23
Ranked 74th. 88% more than El Salvador
34.21
Ranked 88th.
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Australian citizens > Conditions of access eVisitor visa required visa-free
Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000 94.56
Ranked 152nd.
209.88
Ranked 34th. 2 times more than Australia

Refugee population by country or territory of origin 39
Ranked 156th.
6,720
Ranked 60th. 172 times more than Australia

Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country 8,100
Ranked 22nd. 17 times more than El Salvador
490
Ranked 95th.

Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada, share of Canadian population 0.1%
Ranked 57th. The same as El Salvador
0.1%
Ranked 56th.
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada 18,165
Ranked 62nd.
42,780
Ranked 31st. 2 times more than Australia
Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio 91.6
Ranked 46th.
97.3
Ranked 33th. 6% more than Australia

Gender ratio > Rural population 91.6%
Ranked 46th.
97.3%
Ranked 33th. 6% more than Australia

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 60 115.7
Ranked 133th.
125.2
Ranked 83th. 8% more than Australia

Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males 30.9 years
Ranked 4th. 22% more than El Salvador
25.3 years
Ranked 20th.
Future population change per thousand people 17.07
Ranked 68th. 4 times more than El Salvador
4.68
Ranked 150th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people 686.48
Ranked 46th. 12% more than El Salvador
610.43
Ranked 127th.

Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19 0.4%
Ranked 21st.
4.5%
Ranked 2nd. 11 times more than Australia
Female population > Age 10-14 681,950
Ranked 69th. 81% more than El Salvador
376,355
Ranked 88th.
Female population > Age 20-24 674,398
Ranked 61st. 2 times more than El Salvador
328,139
Ranked 92nd.
Female population > Age 25-29 659,521
Ranked 58th. 2 times more than El Salvador
290,889
Ranked 93th.
Population in largest city > Per capita 0.213 per capita
Ranked 35th.
0.22 per capita
Ranked 32nd. 3% more than Australia

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths per million 0.861
Ranked 157th.
16.08
Ranked 85th. 19 times more than Australia

Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females 28.7 years
Ranked 4th. 29% more than El Salvador
22.3 years
Ranked 20th.
Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted 8
Ranked 152nd.
150
Ranked 71st. 19 times more than Australia
Rural population per 1000 117.62
Ranked 171st.
455.52
Ranked 91st. 4 times more than Australia

Total population > Age 20-24 1.38 million
Ranked 61st. 2 times more than El Salvador
652,376
Ranked 92nd.

SOURCES: CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; divorcereform.org2004; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division; Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision and World Urbanization Prospects: http://esa.un.org/unpp; (1) United Nations Population Division. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Ethnic and Cultural Diversity By Country. James D. Faeron. Journal of Economic Growth, 8, 195-222, 2003, p. 215 ff.; Wikipedia: Visa requirements for French citizens (Europe); (1) United Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp2008/index.htm. (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) World bank estimates based on the data from the sources above, household surveys conducted by national agencies, Macro International, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and refugees statistics from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Bank national accounts data; Wikipedia: Immigration to Canada (Canadian permanent resident population by country of birth) ([1] , Place of birth for the immigrant population by period of immigration, 2006 counts and percentages [1] , Population by immigrant status and period of immigration, 2006 counts, for Canada, provinces and territories); Wikipedia: Urbanization by country (Countries) ([1] United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs); United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/wpp/unpp/panel_population.htm, (2) University of California, Berkeley, and Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research. Human Mortality Database. [ www.mortality.org or www.humanmortality.de].; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; http://www.ssb.no/en/innvbef. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Visa requirements for Australian citizens (Africa); Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2010. Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank.; http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2006/dp-pd/hlt/97-557/T404-eng.cfm?Lang=E&T=404&GH=4&GF=1&SC=1&S=1&O=D; http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2006/dp-pd/hlt/97-557/T404-eng.cfm?Lang=E&T=404&GH=4&GF=1&SC=1&S=1&O=D; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center; Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2010. Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNICEF