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People > Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: Countries Compared

DEFINITION: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH
1 Niger 105.9% 2013
=2 Chad 98.4% 2013
=2 Uganda 98.4% 2013
4 Mali 95.1% 2013
5 Angola 94.8% 2013
6 Somalia 94.4% 2013
7 Zambia 91.8% 2013
8 Afghanistan 91.4% 2013
9 East Timor 89.9% 2013
10 The Gambia 88.9% 2013
11 Mozambique 88.4% 2013
12 Malawi 87.9% 2013
13 Burkina Faso 87.6% 2013
14 Democratic Republic of the Congo 86.4% 2013
15 Tanzania 86.3% 2013
16 Burundi 84% 2013
17 Nigeria 83.8% 2013
18 Senegal 81.3% 2013
19 Cameroon 79.8% 2013
20 Liberia 79.3% 2013
21 Ethiopia 79.2% 2013
22 Eritrea 79.1% 2013
=23 Congo, Republic of the 78.7% 2013
=23 Benin 78.7% 2013
25 Rwanda 78.5% 2013
26 Guinea 77.5% 2013
=27 Madagascar 77.4% 2013
=27 South Sudan 77.4% 2013
failed states average (profile) 76.65% 2013
29 Kenya 76.6% 2013
30 Comoros 76.4% 2013
31 Sao Tome and Principe 75.6% 2013
32 Togo 75.5% 2013
Sub-Saharan Africa average (profile) 75.35% 2013
=33 Sierra Leone 74.5% 2013
=33 Cote d'Ivoire 74.5% 2013
=33 Guinea-Bissau 74.5% 2013
36 Sudan 74.1% 2013
37 Guatemala 73.5% 2013
38 Solomon Islands 71.2% 2013
=39 Central African Republic 70.7% 2013
=39 Mauritania 70.7% 2013
=41 Yemen 70.6% 2013
=41 Iraq 70.6% 2013
=43 Gaza Strip 70.4% 2013
=43 West Bank 70.4% 2013
45 Zimbabwe 69.6% 2013
46 Gabon 68.3% 2013
Former French colonies average (profile) 67.34% 2013
47 Equatorial Guinea 66.6% 2013
48 Ghana 66.2% 2013
49 Samoa 66.1% 2013
50 Tonga 65.4% 2013
51 Swaziland 64.4% 2013
52 Papua New Guinea 64.3% 2013
53 Vanuatu 62.8% 2013
54 Lesotho 61.2% 2013
=55 Guyana 59.6% 2013
=55 Namibia 59.6% 2013
57 Tajikistan 58.9% 2013
58 Honduras 58.4% 2013
59 Bolivia 57.9% 2013
60 Haiti 57.8% 2013
=61 Syria 57.7% 2013
=61 Federated States of Micronesia 57.7% 2013
=63 Nepal 57.6% 2013
=63 Laos 57.6% 2013
Landlocked countries average (profile) 56.18% 2013
Hot countries average (profile) 55.75% 2013
South Asia average (profile) 55.64% 2013
Muslim countries average (profile) 55.22% 2013
65 Philippines 55.1% 2013
66 Pakistan 54.7% 2013
=67 Belize 54.5% 2013
=67 Jordan 54.5% 2013
Sparsely populated countries average (profile) 54.13% 2013
69 Djibouti 54.1% 2013
70 Botswana 53.3% 2013
71 Nicaragua 52.5% 2013
72 Paraguay 52.2% 2013
Former British colonies average (profile) 51.2% 2013
73 Kiribati 49.8% 2013
South and Central Asia average (profile) 49.63% 2013
74 Egypt 49.4% 2013
75 Cambodia 48.9% 2013
=76 Dominican Republic 47.6% 2013
=76 El Salvador 47.6% 2013
OPEC countries average (profile) 47.55% 2013
Religious countries average (profile) 47.3% 2013
78 Ecuador 47.2% 2013
79 Kyrgyzstan 46.4% 2013
Former Spanish colonies average (profile) 46.32% 2013
80 Bangladesh 46% 2013
81 South Africa 45.4% 2013
82 Cape Verde 45.3% 2013
Christian countries average (profile) 45.2% 2013
83 Israel 45.1% 2013
84 Libya 44.8% 2013
East Asia and Pacific average (profile) 44.69% 2013
85 Peru 44.4% 2013
86 India 44.3% 2013
=87 Panama 43.9% 2013
=87 Fiji 43.9% 2013
89 Indonesia 43.8% 2013
=90 Venezuela 43.7% 2013
=90 Mexico 43.7% 2013
92 Maldives 43.3% 2013
Latin America and Caribbean average (profile) 42.77% 2013
=93 Uzbekistan 42.6% 2013
=93 Saudi Arabia 42.6% 2013
Catholic countries average (profile) 42.35% 2013
95 Turkmenistan 42.2% 2013
96 Colombia 41.9% 2013
=97 Jamaica 41.8% 2013
=97 Bhutan 41.8% 2013
=99 Morocco 41.5% 2013
=99 Suriname 41.5% 2013
Middle Eastern and North Africa average (profile) 41.2% 2013
101 Algeria 41.1% 2013
102 Grenada 40.5% 2013
103 Guam 39.9% 2013
104 Mongolia 39.6% 2013
105 Turkey 38.3% 2013
=106 Malaysia 38.1% 2013
=106 Kazakhstan 38.1% 2013
108 Sri Lanka 37.9% 2013
109 Western Sahara 37.5% 2013
110 Argentina 37.4% 2013
111 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 37.3% 2013
Heavily indebted countries average (profile) 36.88% 2013
112 Antigua and Barbuda 36.7% 2013
113 Brunei 36% 2013
114 Burma 35.7% 2013
115 Saint Lucia 35.6% 2013
116 Brazil 35.2% 2013
117 Uruguay 34.1% 2013
118 Kuwait 34% 2013
119 Costa Rica 33.9% 2013
Emerging markets average (profile) 33.68% 2013
=120 Iran 33.6% 2013
=120 New Caledonia 33.6% 2013
122 Tunisia 33.3% 2013
123 Virgin Islands 32.7% 2013
124 Ireland 32.6% 2013
125 French Polynesia 32.2% 2013
126 Vietnam 32.1% 2013
127 Oman 31.9% 2013
128 Seychelles 31.6% 2013
129 North Korea 31.5% 2013
Former Soviet republics average (profile) 31.34% 2013
130 Iceland 31.1% 2013
131 Azerbaijan 30.8% 2013
132 New Zealand 30.7% 2013
133 Chile 30.6% 2013
134 Albania 30.1% 2013
135 The Bahamas 30% 2013
136 Trinidad and Tobago 29.6% 2013
137 Lebanon 29.5% 2013
138 United States 29.4% 2013
139 Puerto Rico 29.3% 2013
140 Armenia 29.2% 2013
141 Australia 28.6% 2013
=142 France 28.5% 2013
=142 Norway 28.5% 2013
Cold countries average (profile) 28.17% 2013
Potential Future EU Members average (profile) 28.11% 2013
144 Aruba 28% 2013
145 Mauritius 27.6% 2013
146 Montenegro 27.5% 2013
147 Bahrain 27.3% 2013
148 Denmark 27.2% 2013
149 United Kingdom 27.1% 2013
150 Barbados 26.9% 2013
151 Sweden 26.5% 2013
152 Georgia 26.4% 2013
Non-religious countries average (profile) 26.12% 2013
153 Belgium 26.1% 2013
154 Netherlands 25.9% 2013
155 Luxembourg 25.7% 2013
High income OECD countries average (profile) 25.67% 2013
156 Finland 25.5% 2013
157 Thailand 25.2% 2013
158 China 24.7% 2013
Europe average (profile) 24.56% 2013
Group of 7 countries (G7) average (profile) 24.53% 2013
NATO countries average (profile) 24.46% 2013
=159 Canada 24% 2013
=159 Cyprus 24% 2013
161 Estonia 23.9% 2013
Eurozone average (profile) 23.79% 2013
Eastern Europe average (profile) 23.58% 2013
European Union average (profile) 23.56% 2013
162 Republic of Macedonia 23.5% 2013
163 Serbia 23.4% 2013
=164 Moldova 23% 2013
=164 Spain 23% 2013
=164 Cuba 23% 2013
167 Bosnia and Herzegovina 22.9% 2013
=168 Greece 22.3% 2013
=168 Latvia 22.3% 2013
=168 Croatia 22.3% 2013
=171 Portugal 22.2% 2013
=171 Russia 22.2% 2013
173 Lithuania 22% 2013
174 Switzerland 21.9% 2013
=175 Jersey 21.8% 2013
=175 Guernsey 21.8% 2013
=175 Singapore 21.8% 2013
=178 Italy 21.7% 2013
=178 Czech Republic 21.7% 2013
=180 Romania 21.6% 2013
=180 Austria 21.6% 2013
=180 Belarus 21.6% 2013
183 Hungary 21.5% 2013
184 Malta 21.3% 2013
185 Poland 21.2% 2013
186 Japan 21.1% 2013
=187 Slovakia 20.9% 2013
=187 Slovenia 20.9% 2013
189 Ukraine 20.5% 2013
=190 South Korea 20.4% 2013
=190 Bulgaria 20.4% 2013
192 Germany 19.9% 2013
193 United Arab Emirates 18.1% 2013
194 Qatar 16% 2013
195 Hong Kong 15.8% 2013
196 Macau 15.6% 2013

Citation

"Countries Compared by People > Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/People/Dependency-ratios/Youth-dependency-ratio

People > Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: Countries Compared Map

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