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Country vs country: Egypt and Ethiopia compared: Military

Definitions

  • Armed forces personnel: Total armed forces (2000)
  • Conscription: A description of the status of conscription in the nation in 1997.
  • Expenditures > Dollar figure: Current military expenditures in US dollars; the figure is calculated by multiplying the estimated defense spending in percentage terms by the gross domestic product (GDP) calculated on an exchange rate basis not purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Dollar figures for military expenditures should be treated with caution because of different price patterns and accounting methods among nations, as well as wide variations in the strength of their currencies
  • Expenditures > Percent of GDP: Current military expenditures as an estimated percent of gross domestic product (GDP).
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Males: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults.
  • Manpower reaching military age annually > Males: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching military age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults.
  • Military branches: This entry lists the service branches subordinate to defense ministries or the equivalent (typically ground, naval, air, and marine forces).
  • Military expenditures: This entry gives spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP); the GDP is calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP). For countries with no military forces, this figure can include expenditures on public security and police.
  • Military expenditures > Percent of GDP: This entry gives spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP); the GDP is calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP). For countries with no military forces, this figure can include expenditures on public security and police.
  • Military service age and obligation: This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of service obligation.
  • Personnel > Per capita: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Service age and obligation: This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of sevice obligation.
STAT Egypt Ethiopia HISTORY
Armed forces personnel 448,000
Ranked 10th. 27% more than Ethiopia
352,000
Ranked 11th.

Conscription <a href=/graph-T/mil_con>Conscription</a> exists. <a href=/graph-T/mil_con>Conscription</a> exists. Compulsory <a href=/cat/Military>military</a> service is provided

Expenditures > Dollar figure $2.44 billion
Ranked 27th. 7 times more than Ethiopia
$337.1 million
Ranked 26th.

Expenditures > Percent of GDP 3.4%
Ranked 30th. 13% more than Ethiopia
3%
Ranked 27th.

Manpower available for military service > Males age 16-49 None None

Manpower fit for military service > Males age 16-49 None None

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Males 783,405
Ranked 14th.
967,411
Ranked 11th. 23% more than Egypt

Manpower reaching military age annually > Males 783,405
Ranked 14th.
967,411
Ranked 11th. 23% more than Egypt

Military branches Army, Navy, Egyptian Air Force, Egyptian Air Defense Command (Al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya il-Misriya) Ethiopian National Defense Force (ENDF): Ground Forces, Ethiopian Air Force (Ye Ityopya Ayer Hayl, ETAF)

Military expenditures 2.2% of GDP
Ranked 24th. 2 times more than Ethiopia
0.9% of GDP
Ranked 54th.

Military expenditures > Percent of GDP 3.4% of GDP
Ranked 14th. 3 times more than Ethiopia
1.2% of GDP
Ranked 14th.

Military service age and obligation 18-30 years of age for male conscript military service; service obligation - 18-36 months, followed by a 9-year reserve obligation; voluntary enlistment possible from age 16 18 years of age for voluntary military service; no compulsory military service, but the military can conduct callups when necessary and compliance is compulsory

Personnel > Per capita 10.79 per 1,000 people
Ranked 25th. 4 times more than Ethiopia
2.57 per 1,000 people
Ranked 117th.

Service age and obligation 18-30 years of age for male conscript military service; service obligation 12-36 months, followed by a 9-year reserve obligation 18 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service; theoretically, no compulsory military service, but the military can conduct call-ups when necessary and compliance is compulsory

Weapon holdings 11.25 million
Ranked 6th. 12 times more than Ethiopia
937,000
Ranked 67th.

SOURCES: IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies). 2001. The Military Balance 2001-2002. Oxford: Oxford University Press; Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Geneva, Switzerland, 1997. Data collected from the nations concerned, unless otherwise indicated. Acronyms: Amnesty International (AI); European Council of Conscripts Organizations (ECCO); Friends World Committee for Consultation (FWCC); International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights (IHFHR); National Interreligious Service Board for Conscientious Objectors (NISBCO); Service, Peace and Justice in Latin America (SERPAJ); War Resisters International (WRI); World Council of Churches (WCC); All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; World Development Indicators database; Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC)

Citation

"Military: Egypt and Ethiopia compared", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/compare/Egypt/Ethiopia/Military

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