Military > Conscription: Countries Compared

DEFINITION: A description of the status of conscription in the nation in 1997..

AfghanistanAfghanistan In view of the present conflict it is difficult to assess whether there is a coherent policy of conscription superseding the policy of the previous regime, under which conscription existed (AI).
AlbaniaAlbania Conscription exists (AI and WRI).
AlgeriaAlgeria Conscription exists (FWCC).
AngolaAngola Conscription exists.
Antigua and BarbudaAntigua+ No conscription.
ArgentinaArgentina Military service is voluntary. Law No.24.429, promulgated on 5 January 1995, establishes a voluntary military service yet reserves for the Congress the right to conscript 18-year-olds for a period of service not exceeding one year. Such conscription may be ordered, when for specified reasons, an inadequate number of volunteers present themselves for military service.
ArmeniaArmenia Conscription exists (FWCC).
AustraliaAustralia No conscription (FWCC).
AustriaAustria Conscription exists.
AzerbaijanAzerbaijan Conscription exists (FWCC).
BahrainBahrain No conscription.
BangladeshBangladesh No conscription (AI).
BarbadosBarbados No conscription (FWCC).
BelarusBelarus Conscription exists.
BelgiumBelgium Conscription was abolished as of 1 January 1994 under the so-called Delacroix Bill of 6 July 1993 (WRI).
BelizeBelize Military service is voluntary (NISBCO).
BeninBenin Selective conscription (FWCC).
BhutanBhutan Selective conscription (FWCC).
BoliviaBolivia Conscription exists (AI and NISBCO).
Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia+ Conscription exists (WRI).
BotswanaBotswana No conscription (FWCC).
BrazilBrazil Conscription exists.
BulgariaBulgaria Conscription exists (WRI).
Burkina FasoBurkina Faso No military conscription (AI).
BurmaBurma No conscription (FWCC).
BurundiBurundi No conscription (FWCC).
CambodiaCambodia Conscription exists (FWCC).
CameroonCameroon No conscription.
CanadaCanada No conscription (AI).
Cape VerdeCape Verde Conscription exists (AI).
Central African RepublicCentral Africa Selective conscription (FWCC).
ChadChad Selective conscription.
ChileChile Conscription exists (AI and NISBCO).
ChinaChina Selective conscription (FWCC).
ColombiaColombia Conscription exists.
Costa RicaCosta Rica No conscription.
CroatiaCroatia Conscription exists.
CubaCuba Conscription exists (AI and NISBCO).
CyprusCyprus Conscription exists (AI).
Czech RepublicCzech Republic Conscription exists.
Democratic Republic of the CongoCongo, DR. Conscription exists (FWCC).
DenmarkDenmark Conscription exists.
DjiboutiDjibouti No conscription (AI).
Dominican RepublicDominican Rep. Conscription exists (NISBCO).
EcuadorEcuador Conscription exists.
EgyptEgypt Conscription exists.
El SalvadorEl Salvador The Salvadoran Constitution and the law on military service establish obligatory military service. In practice, since the end of the armed conflict in January 1992, military service has been performed on a voluntary basis. The law on military service is currently undergoing revision (NISBCO).
Equatorial GuineaEqu. Guinea Conscription exists (FWCC).
EstoniaEstonia Conscription exists (ECCO).
EthiopiaEthiopia Conscription exists. Compulsory military service is provided
FijiFiji No conscription (FWCC).
FinlandFinland Conscription exists.
FranceFrance Conscription exists.
GabonGabon No conscription (FWCC).
GeorgiaGeorgia Conscription exists (FWCC).
GermanyGermany Conscription exists.
GhanaGhana No conscription (FWCC).
GreeceGreece Conscription exists (AI).
GrenadaGrenada Conscription does not exist, as there is no military service (NISBCO).
GuatemalaGuatemala Conscription exists. The Global Human Rights Accord signed in March 1994 by representatives of the Government, the URNG guerillas, and the United Nations stipulated that a new law on military service would be enacted in order to end the practice of forced recruitment (NISBCO).
GuineaGuinea Conscription exists (FWCC).
Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissau Conscription exists (AI).
GuyanaGuyana No conscription (NISBCO).
HaitiHaiti No conscription (NISBCO).
HondurasHonduras Decree No. 24-94 was passed in May 1994 establishing a voluntary military service during peacetime. The amendment reserves for the Congress the right to conscript (NISBCO).
Hong KongHong Kong No conscription (AI).
HungaryHungary Conscription exists (AI and WRI).
IcelandIceland No conscription (AI).
IndiaIndia No conscription (AI).
IndonesiaIndonesia Selective conscription (FWCC).
IranIran Conscription exists (AI).
IraqIraq Conscription exists (AI).
IrelandIreland No conscription.
IsraelIsrael Conscription exists (AI).
ItalyItaly Conscription exists (WRI).
JamaicaJamaica No conscription (NISBCO).
JapanJapan No conscription (AI).
JordanJordan Jordanian Conscript Service was suspended indefinitely in 1992 and all members of the armed forces are regular volunteers.
KazakhstanKazakhstan Conscription exists
KenyaKenya No conscription (AI).
KuwaitKuwait Conscription exists (AI).
KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstan No conscription (FWCC).
LatviaLatvia Conscription exists (ECCO).
LebanonLebanon Conscription exists (FWCC).
LesothoLesotho No conscription (FWCC).
LibyaLibya Conscription exists (AI).
LiechtensteinLiechtenstein No conscription (AI).
LithuaniaLithuania Conscription exists.
LuxembourgLuxembourg No conscription (AI).
MadagascarMadagascar Conscription exists (FWCC).
MalawiMalawi No conscription (FWCC).
MalaysiaMalaysia No conscription (AI).
MaldivesMaldives No conscription (AI).
MaliMali Selective conscription exists (FWCC).
MaltaMalta No conscription.
MauritaniaMauritania No conscription (FWCC).
MauritiusMauritius No system of military service.
MexicoMexico Conscription exists.
MoldovaMoldova Conscription exists (WCC).
MonacoMonaco No conscription (FWCC).
MongoliaMongolia Conscription exists (FWCC).
MoroccoMorocco Conscription exists (FWCC).
MozambiqueMozambique Conscription exists (AI).
NamibiaNamibia Conscription exists in law (AI).
NepalNepal No conscription.
NetherlandsNetherlands No conscription (FWCC).
New ZealandNew Zealand No conscription (AI).
NicaraguaNicaragua No conscription (NISBCO).
NigerNiger Selective conscription (FWCC).
NigeriaNigeria No conscription.
NorwayNorway Conscription exists.
OmanOman No conscription.
PakistanPakistan No conscription (AI).
PanamaPanama Conscription exists.
Papua New GuineaPapua NG No conscription (FWCC).
ParaguayParaguay Conscription exists.
PeruPeru Conscription exists.
PhilippinesPhilippines Conscription exists (FWCC).
PolandPoland Conscription exists (WRI).
PortugalPortugal Conscription exists.
QatarQatar No conscription.
Republic of MacedoniaMacedonia Rep. Conscription exists (WRI).
RomaniaRomania Conscription exists.
RussiaRussia Conscription exists (AI).
RwandaRwanda No conscription (FWCC).
San MarinoSan Marino Military service does not exist.
Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia There is no conscription.
SenegalSenegal Selective conscription.
SeychellesSeychelles Conscription exists (FWCC).
Sierra LeoneSierra Leone There is no conscription (FWCC).
SingaporeSingapore Conscription exists (AI).
SlovakiaSlovakia Conscription exists.
SloveniaSlovenia Conscription exists.
SomaliaSomalia Conscription exists (AI).
South AfricaSouth Africa No conscription.
South KoreaSouth Korea Conscription exists (AI).
SpainSpain Conscription exists.
Sri LankaSri Lanka No conscription (AI).
SudanSudan Conscription exists (AI).
SurinameSuriname No conscription (FWCC)
SwazilandSwaziland No conscription.
SwedenSweden Conscription exists.
SwitzerlandSwitzerland Conscription exists (WRI).
SyriaSyria Conscription exists (AI).
TanzaniaTanzania Conscription exists (FWCC).
ThailandThailand Conscription exists (FWCC).
The BahamasThe Bahamas No conscription (AI).
The GambiaThe Gambia No conscription (FWCC).
TogoTogo Selective conscription (FWCC).
TongaTonga No conscription (FWCC).
Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad+ No conscription (FWCC).
TunisiaTunisia Conscription exists.
TurkeyTurkey Conscription exists (WRI).
TurkmenistanTurkmenistan Conscription exists (FWCC).
UgandaUganda No conscription.
UkraineUkraine Conscription exists.
United Arab EmiratesUAE No conscription (AI).
United KingdomUnited Kingdom No conscription (WRI).
United StatesUnited States No conscription.
UruguayUruguay No conscription (NISBCO).
UzbekistanUzbekistan Conscription exists (FWCC).
VanuatuVanuatu No conscription (FWCC).
VenezuelaVenezuela Conscription exists (NISBCO).
VietnamVietnam Conscription exists (AI).
YemenYemen Conscription exists (AI).
ZambiaZambia No conscription.
ZimbabweZimbabwe No conscription.


"All countries compared for Military > Conscription", Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Geneva, Switzerland, 1997. Data collected from the nations concerned, unless otherwise indicated. Acronyms: Amnesty International (AI); European Council of Conscripts Organizations (ECCO); Friends World Committee for Consultation (FWCC); International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights (IHFHR); National Interreligious Service Board for Conscientious Objectors (NISBCO); Service, Peace and Justice in Latin America (SERPAJ); War Resisters International (WRI); World Council of Churches (WCC). Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Military/Conscription


Conscription exists in the Philippines? Are you nuts? The FWCC must be imagining things.

They could be referring to the mandatory Civil Army Training (CAT) for all high school students or Reserve Officer Training Corp (ROTC) for male College students, but these cannot be considered Conscription - there is no mandatory term of service outside of the school setting. It's just marching and exercising every Saturday for 4 semesters - no tactics, weapons training or military doctrine at all.

Posted on 18 Oct 2011




Some days ago Sweden also abolished conscription.

I have the feeling this list needs to be updated ASAP

Posted on 17 Aug 2010



Contribute an insight

Follow us on Facebook to get interesting stats:

Was this page useful for you?