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Country vs country: United Kingdom and United States compared: Crime

Author: Edsel.G

Author: Edsel.G

Crimes in developed countries are generally fewer than those of developed and underdeveloped countries. However, development does not automatically translate to universal peace. In the US for instance, crimes are widespread (though not as widespread as less developed countries), but this is primarily because of two facts: first, the country has a huge population; secondly, this population is racially mixed.

Although American observers note that the number of violent crimes is still high, there have been significant drops in reported criminal commissions. Crimes in the country rose significantly after the Second World War, but the number dropped in the 1990s. Researches indicate that this number is continually dropping. According to the FBI report, a murder is committed every half an hour; this is actually a 0.6% drop from the previous years.

In the UK, a declining trend is also noted by social environment researchers and authorities. By February 2014, all reported crimes have declined in numbers from that of the previous month.

However, trends that apply on one region may not necessarily apply to the other. While the country has seen a declining rate for anti-social behaviors, the case is not true in Northern Ireland. Official statistics indicate an increase of 0.002% from January to February for the said crime. Generally, nonetheless, official criminal estimates suggest an improvement since the past decade.

Definitions

  • Adults prosecuted: Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Assault victims: People victimized by assault (as a % of the total population). Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevelence.
  • Believe in police efficiency: Proportion of people in international Crime Victims Survey 2000 who say police do a good job in controlling crime in their area.
  • Car thefts: Total recorded automobile thefts. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Drug offences: Drug offence cases per 100,000 population (2000).
  • Frauds: Total recorded frauds. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Illicit drugs: Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Jails: Total number of adult prisons, penal or correctional institutions (excluding temporary jail lock-ups). Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Murders committed by youths: Homicide rates among youths aged 10–29 years by country or area: most recent year available (variable 1990–1999).
  • Murders with firearms: Total recorded intentional homicides committed with a firearm. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Prisoners: Total persons incarcerated
  • Rape victims: People victimized by sexual assault (as a % of the total population). Data refer to female population only. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Sentence Length: Total average sentence length served
  • Software piracy rate: The piracy rate is the total number of units of pirated software deployed in 2007 divided by the total units of software installed.
  • Total crimes: Note: Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
STAT United Kingdom United States
Adults prosecuted 1.57 million
Ranked 3rd.
14.2 million
Ranked 1st. 9 times more than United Kingdom
Assault victims 2.8%
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than United States
1.2%
Ranked 9th.
Believe in police efficiency 72%
Ranked 6th.
89%
Ranked 1st. 24% more than United Kingdom
Car thefts 348,169
Ranked 2nd.
1.25 million
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than United Kingdom
Drug offences 183,419 per 100,000 people
Ranked 2nd. 327 times more than United States
560.1 per 100,000 people
Ranked 41st.
Frauds 358,186
Ranked 3rd.
371,800
Ranked 2nd. 4% more than United Kingdom
Illicit drugs producer of limited amounts of synthetic drugs and synthetic precursor chemicals; major consumer of Southwest Asian heroin, Latin American cocaine, and synthetic drugs; money-laundering center world's largest consumer of cocaine (shipped from Colombia through Mexico and the Caribbean), Colombian heroin, and Mexican heroin and marijuana; major consumer of ecstasy and Mexican methamphetamine; minor consumer of high-quality Southeast Asian heroin; illicit producer of cannabis, marijuana, depressants, stimulants, hallucinogens, and methamphetamine; money-laundering center
Jails 144
Ranked 22nd.
1,558
Ranked 6th. 11 times more than United Kingdom
Murders committed by youths 139
Ranked 30th.
8,226
Ranked 3rd. 59 times more than United Kingdom
Murders with firearms 14
Ranked 39th.
9,369
Ranked 4th. 669 times more than United Kingdom
Prisoners 78,753 prisoners
Ranked 15th.
2.02 million prisoners
Ranked 1st. 26 times more than United Kingdom
Rape victims 0.9%
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than United States
0.4%
Ranked 13th.
Sentence Length 38.6
Ranked 27th. 33% more than United States
29
Ranked 30th.
Software piracy rate 26%
Ranked 96th. 30% more than United States
20%
Ranked 106th.
Total crimes 6.52 million
Ranked 2nd.
11.88 million
Ranked 1st. 82% more than United Kingdom

SOURCES: The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention); UNICRI (United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute). 2002. Correspondence on data on crime victims. March. Turin; UN International Crime Victims' Survey; The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention); CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention); World Health Organization: World report on violence and health, 2002; Fifth Annual BSA and IDC Global Software Piracy Study

Citation

"Crime: United Kingdom and United States compared", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/compare/United-Kingdom/United-States/Crime

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Crimes in developed countries are generally fewer than those of developed and underdeveloped countries. However, development does not automatically translate to universal peace. In the US for instance, crimes are widespread (though not as widespread as less developed countries), but this is primarily because of two facts: first, the country has a huge population; secondly, this population is racially mixed.

Although American observers note that the number of violent crimes is still high, there have been significant drops in reported criminal commissions. Crimes in the country rose significantly after the Second World War, but the number dropped in the 1990s. Researches indicate that this number is continually dropping. According to the FBI report, a murder is committed every half an hour; this is actually a 0.6% drop from the previous years.

In the UK, a declining trend is also noted by social environment researchers and authorities. By February 2014, all reported crimes have declined in numbers from that of the previous month.

However, trends that apply on one region may not necessarily apply to the other. While the country has seen a declining rate for anti-social behaviors, the case is not true in Northern Ireland. Official statistics indicate an increase of 0.002% from January to February for the said crime. Generally, nonetheless, official criminal estimates suggest an improvement since the past decade.

Posted on 07 Apr 2014

Edsel.G

Edsel.G

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