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Country vs country: United Kingdom and United States compared: Military stats

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Definitions

  • Air force > Combat aircraft: Number of fighter aircrafts (fixed wing aircrafts with combat capability).
  • Army > Attack helicopters: Number of attack helicopter (includes helicopters that have some attacking capabilities).
  • Army > Main battle tanks: Number of main battle tanks.
  • Battle-related deaths > Number of people: Battle-related deaths (number of people). Battle-related deaths are deaths in battle-related conflicts between warring parties in the conflict dyad (two conflict units that are parties to a conflict). Typically, battle-related deaths occur in warfare involving the armed forces of the warring parties. This includes traditional battlefield fighting, guerrilla activities, and all kinds of bombardments of military units, cities, and villages, etc. The targets are usually the military itself and its installations or state institutions and state representatives, but there is often substantial collateral damage in the form of civilians being killed in crossfire, in indiscriminate bombings, etc. All deaths--military as well as civilian--incurred in such situations, are counted as battle-related deaths.
  • Budget: Annual defense budget in billion USD.
  • Global Peace Index: The Global Peace Index is comprised of 22 indicators in the three categories ongoing domestic or international conflicts; societal safety; and security and militarization. A low index value indicates a peaceful and safe country.
  • Military branches: This entry lists the service branches subordinate to defense ministries or the equivalent (typically ground, naval, air, and marine forces).
  • Military expenditures: This entry gives spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP); the GDP is calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP). For countries with no military forces, this figure can include expenditures on public security and police.
  • Military service age and obligation: This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of service obligation.
  • Navy > Aircraft carriers: Number of aircraft carriers.
  • Navy > Corvette warships: Number of corvettes.
  • Nuclear weapons > Nuclear warheads: Total nuclear warheads.
  • Paramilitary personnel: Paramilitary.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • WMD > Missile: A description of the nation's situation with regards to the possession and manufacture of missile weapons of mass destruction
  • WMD > Nuclear: A description of the nation's situation with regards to the possession and manufacture of nuclear weapons
  • Service age and obligation: This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of sevice obligation.
  • Navy > Submarines: Number of patrol boats (includes minesweepers).
  • War deaths: Battle-related deaths are deaths in battle-related conflicts between warring parties in the conflict dyad (two conflict units that are parties to a conflict). Typically, battle-related deaths occur in warfare involving the armed forces of the warring parties. This includes traditional battlefield fighting, guerrilla activities, and all kinds of bombardments of military units, cities, and villages, etc. The targets are usually the military itself and its installations or state institutions and state representatives, but there is often substantial collateral damage in the form of civilians being killed in crossfire, in indiscriminate bombings, etc. All deaths--military as well as civilian--incurred in such situations, are counted as battle-related deaths."
  • Navy > Frigates: Number of frigates.
  • Expenditures > Percent of GDP: Current military expenditures as an estimated percent of gross domestic product (GDP).
  • Navy > Nuclear submarines: Number of nuclear submarines.
  • Navy > Destroyers: Number of destroyers.
  • Air force > Aircraft carriers > Commissioned:

    Amount of aircraft carriers in full service in each country. These numbers can also be interpreted as the amount of each country's commissioned aircraft carriers.   

  • Armed forces personnel: Total armed forces (2000)
  • Navy > Amphibious warfare ships: Number of amphibious warfare ships.
  • Navy > Cruisers: Number of cruisers.
  • Air force > Aircraft carriers > Total: Total amount of aircraft carriers possessed by each country. 
  • Personnel: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces.
  • Personnel > Per capita: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Battle-related deaths > Number of people per million: Battle-related deaths (number of people). Battle-related deaths are deaths in battle-related conflicts between warring parties in the conflict dyad (two conflict units that are parties to a conflict). Typically, battle-related deaths occur in warfare involving the armed forces of the warring parties. This includes traditional battlefield fighting, guerrilla activities, and all kinds of bombardments of military units, cities, and villages, etc. The targets are usually the military itself and its installations or state institutions and state representatives, but there is often substantial collateral damage in the form of civilians being killed in crossfire, in indiscriminate bombings, etc. All deaths--military as well as civilian--incurred in such situations, are counted as battle-related deaths. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Navy > Helicopter carriers: Amount of helicopter carriers currently in service.
  • Armed forces personnel > Total: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organisation, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces."
  • Military expenditure > Current LCU: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilisation, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)"
  • Conscription: A description of the status of conscription in the nation in 1997.
  • Nuclear weapons > Non-Proliferation treaty sign date: Signed.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Highest military decorations > Name: Name of each country’s highest military decoration.
  • Air force > Aircraft carriers > In reserve: Total amount of reserve aircraft carriers in each country.
  • NATO > NATO reserves provided: Reserve personnel.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Gulf War Coalition Forces: Number of troops who served on active duty in the Gulf War theater of operations between August 2, 1990, and June 13, 1991.
  • Branches: The names of the ground, naval, air, marine, and other defense or security forces
  • Military expenditures > Percent of GDP: This entry gives spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP); the GDP is calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP). For countries with no military forces, this figure can include expenditures on public security and police.
  • Arms trade > Arms exports, top countries: Compares the world's largest arms exporters, in millions of US Dollars. Data corresponds to the year 2010, and was compiled by SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute), a think tank dedicated to the research of conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament in the world, with presence in Stockholm, Beijing and Washington DC.
  • Armed forces growth: Growth in the number of armed forces personnel from 1985 (index = 100) to 2000. 100 means no growth, 50 means it halved and 200 means it doubled.
  • Arms trade > Arms exports, top countries per million people: Compares the world's largest arms exporters, in millions of US Dollars. Data corresponds to the year 2010, and was compiled by SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute), a think tank dedicated to the research of conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament in the world, with presence in Stockholm, Beijing and Washington DC. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Males: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults.
  • Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services.
  • Armed forces personnel per 1000: Total armed forces (2000). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Personnel per 1000: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • WMD > Biological: A description of the nation's situation with regards to the possession and manufacture of biological weapons of mass destruction
  • Conventional arms > Exports > Per $ GDP: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Exports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Conventional arms > Exports: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Exports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre).
  • WMD > Chemical: A description of the nation's situation with regards to the possession and manufacture of chemical weapons of mass destruction
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males: The number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults.
  • Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services.
  • Expenditure > Current LCU: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)
  • Defence minister: Name of defence minister.
  • Conventional arms imports: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Imports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre).
  • Imports > USD: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services."
  • Manpower reaching military age annually > Males: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching military age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults.
  • WMD > Overview: An overview of the nation's situation with regards to the possession and manufacture of weapons of mass destruction
  • Iraq coalition forces > Troop strength: Number of coalition forces in Iraq. Earliest confirmed date of troop strength is Georgia, as of September 10, 2005. Latest confirmed date of troop strength is Denmark, as of March 23, 2006. NOTE: There are no reliable estimates on number of other coalition forces in Iraq, by country. An additional 1,850 troops are from Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia/Herzegovina, Czech Republic, El Salvador, Estonia, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Mongolia, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia and Ukraine. Fiji is participating as part of the UN mission in Iraq. U.S. troop strength includes active and reserve and are as of March 2006.
  • Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Gulf War Coalition Forces per million: Number of troops who served on active duty in the Gulf War theater of operations between August 2, 1990, and June 13, 1991. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Manpower reaching military age annually > Males per thousand people: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching military age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Exports > USD: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services."
  • Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Males per thousand people: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Aid to Afghanistan > Gross disbursements as a percent of ODA: Percent of all gross disbursments of official development aid which goes to Afghanistan, 2003-2004. NOTE: The total percent to Afghanistan from all donor countries is 1.7%.
  • Commitment to Development Index (security): The Commitment to Development Index (CDI) ranks the world’s richest countries on their commitment to policies that benefit the poorer nations. The security component of the CDI considers military actions that affect developing countries, favoring three aspects of the security-development nexus: 1. Financial and personnel contributions to peacekeeping operations and forcible humanitarian interventions. 2. Deployment of naval fleets to platrol sea lanes. 3. Collaboration with international security regimes that promote non-proliferation, disarmament and international rule of law. Finally, the CDI penalizes some exports of arms to nations, especially ones that are undemocratic and spend heavily on the military.
  • Manpower > Availability > Females per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Exports to developing nations: Arms Deliveries to Developing Nations, by supplier, total of years 1992-99. Major suppliers listed only. In the same period, the total figure for all other European suppliers was $18,043 million (US); the total for all other nations was $8,211 million (US). This makes the overall total $214,576 million (US)
  • Manpower reaching military age annually > Females: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching military age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults.
  • Terrorism > 2002 Bali bombing deaths: Amount of citizens from each country who were killed in the 2002 Bali bombings. In all, 202 people were killed.
  • Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ > Per capita: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males per 1000: The number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Conventional arms > Exports per capita: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Exports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Operation Enduring Freedom > Afghanistan coalition fatalities per million: Number of fatalities among coalition forces in Operation Enduring Freedom, Afghanistan. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 > Per capita: The total numbers of males aged 15-49. This statistic assumes that every individual is fit to serve. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males > Per capita: The number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Iraq coalition forces > Troop strength per million: Number of coalition forces in Iraq. Earliest confirmed date of troop strength is Georgia, as of September 10, 2005. Latest confirmed date of troop strength is Denmark, as of March 23, 2006. NOTE: There are no reliable estimates on number of other coalition forces in Iraq, by country. An additional 1,850 troops are from Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia/Herzegovina, Czech Republic, El Salvador, Estonia, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Mongolia, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia and Ukraine. Fiji is participating as part of the UN mission in Iraq. U.S. troop strength includes active and reserve and are as of March 2006. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Females: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults.
  • Exports to developing nations > Per $ GDP: Arms Deliveries to Developing Nations, by supplier, total of years 1992-99. Major suppliers listed only. In the same period, the total figure for all other European suppliers was $18,043 million (US); the total for all other nations was $8,211 million (US). This makes the overall total $214,576 million (US) Per $ GDP figures expressed per $1 million of Gross Domestic Product.
  • Manpower > Availability > Males per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49: The total numbers of males aged 15-49. This statistic assumes that every individual is fit to serve.
  • Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 per 1000: The total numbers of males aged 15-49. This statistic assumes that every individual is fit to serve. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Operation Enduring Freedom > Afghanistan coalition fatalities: Number of fatalities among coalition forces in Operation Enduring Freedom, Afghanistan.
  • Aid to Afghanistan > Total development aid > Estimates per capita: Estimates of total development aid to Afghanistan over a four year period, in USD. Does not include charitable donations or other non-governmental donations. NOTE: The European Community is estimated to have given over $114 billion over the past four years. Other donations include the UN Development Programme pledging $7,268,507,000; Microsoft pledging $65,000,000; and $47,000,000. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Aid to Afghanistan > Total development aid > Estimates: Estimates of total development aid to Afghanistan over a four year period, in USD. Does not include charitable donations or other non-governmental donations. NOTE: The European Community is estimated to have given over $114 billion over the past four years. Other donations include the UN Development Programme pledging $7,268,507,000; Microsoft pledging $65,000,000; and $47,000,000.
  • Conventional arms imports per capita: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Imports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Conventional arms imports > Per $ GDP: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Imports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Iraq Coalition casualties per million: Number of military fatalities in Iraq since March 20th, 2003. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Terrorism > 2002 Bali bombing deaths per million people: Amount of citizens from each country who were killed in the 2002 Bali bombings. In all, 202 people were killed. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Exports to developing nations, % of GDP: Arms Deliveries to Developing Nations, by supplier, total of years 1992-99. Major suppliers listed only. In the same period, the total figure for all other European suppliers was $18,043 million (US); the total for all other nations was $8,211 million (US). This makes the overall total $214,576 million (US). Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Conventional arms > Exports, % of GDP: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Exports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Exports to developing nations per million: Arms Deliveries to Developing Nations, by supplier, total of years 1992-99. Major suppliers listed only. In the same period, the total figure for all other European suppliers was $18,043 million (US); the total for all other nations was $8,211 million (US). This makes the overall total $214,576 million (US). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid per capita: Amount pledged by donor countries for reconstruction in Iraq, as of December 31, 2005. NOTES ON PLEDGES OF RECONSTRUCTION AID TABLE: The European Commission has pledged $518,119,988, which includes an additional January 2005 pledge of 200 million Euros (approximately $260 million), not yet formally committed to UNDG or World Bank Iraqi Trust Fund. Not incuded in this graph is $65,000,000 in additional pledges from Kuwait. "The World Bank, United Nations and CPA estimated Iraq will need $56 billion for reconstruction and stabilization efforts from 2004 to 2007, but that estimate is probably too low." -Brookings Institute. UPDATE ON 2003 MADRID CONFERENCE PLEDGES: Of the $13.5 billion pledged by donors other than the United States, $3.2 billion has been disbursed as of December 2005. The figure for the United States is derived from the IRRF 1 and 2. Status of the IRRF 2 as of January 6, 2006: $16.9 billion as been committed, and just over $10.1 billion has been expended. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid, % of GDP: Amount pledged by donor countries for reconstruction in Iraq, as of December 31, 2005. NOTES ON PLEDGES OF RECONSTRUCTION AID TABLE: The European Commission has pledged $518,119,988, which includes an additional January 2005 pledge of 200 million Euros (approximately $260 million), not yet formally committed to UNDG or World Bank Iraqi Trust Fund. Not incuded in this graph is $65,000,000 in additional pledges from Kuwait. "The World Bank, United Nations and CPA estimated Iraq will need $56 billion for reconstruction and stabilization efforts from 2004 to 2007, but that estimate is probably too low." -Brookings Institute. UPDATE ON 2003 MADRID CONFERENCE PLEDGES: Of the $13.5 billion pledged by donors other than the United States, $3.2 billion has been disbursed as of December 2005. The figure for the United States is derived from the IRRF 1 and 2. Status of the IRRF 2 as of January 6, 2006: $16.9 billion as been committed, and just over $10.1 billion has been expended. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Iraq Coalition casualties: Number of military fatalities in Iraq since March 20th, 2003.
  • Conventional arms imports, % of GDP: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Imports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Personnel > % of total labor force: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Females per thousand people: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Manpower reaching military age annually > Females per thousand people: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching military age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Manpower > Fit for military service > Females per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Aid to Afghanistan > Total development aid > Estimates > Per $ GDP: Estimates of total development aid to Afghanistan over a four year period, in USD. Does not include charitable donations or other non-governmental donations. NOTE: The European Community is estimated to have given over $114 billion over the past four years. Other donations include the UN Development Programme pledging $7,268,507,000; Microsoft pledging $65,000,000; and $47,000,000. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 10,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Manpower > Fit for military service > Males per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Expenditure > % of GDP: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)
  • Expenditure > % of central government expenditure: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)
  • Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ > Per capita: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid > Per $ GDP: Amount pledged by donor countries for reconstruction in Iraq, as of December 31, 2005. NOTES ON PLEDGES OF RECONSTRUCTION AID TABLE: The European Commission has pledged $518,119,988, which includes an additional January 2005 pledge of 200 million Euros (approximately $260 million), not yet formally committed to UNDG or World Bank Iraqi Trust Fund. Not incuded in this graph is $65,000,000 in additional pledges from Kuwait. "The World Bank, United Nations and CPA estimated Iraq will need $56 billion for reconstruction and stabilization efforts from 2004 to 2007, but that estimate is probably too low." -Brookings Institute. UPDATE ON 2003 MADRID CONFERENCE PLEDGES: Of the $13.5 billion pledged by donors other than the United States, $3.2 billion has been disbursed as of December 2005. The figure for the United States is derived from the IRRF 1 and 2. Status of the IRRF 2 as of January 6, 2006: $16.9 billion as been committed, and just over $10.1 billion has been expended. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 100,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Armed forces personnel > % of total labor force: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organisation, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organisation's definition of the economically active population."
  • Aid to Afghanistan > Total development aid > Estimates, % of GDP: Estimates of total development aid to Afghanistan over a four year period, in USD. Does not include charitable donations or other non-governmental donations. NOTE: The European Community is estimated to have given over $114 billion over the past four years. Other donations include the UN Development Programme pledging $7,268,507,000; Microsoft pledging $65,000,000; and $47,000,000. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Military expenditure > % of GDP: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilisation, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)"
  • Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid: Amount pledged by donor countries for reconstruction in Iraq, as of December 31, 2005. NOTES ON PLEDGES OF RECONSTRUCTION AID TABLE: The European Commission has pledged $518,119,988, which includes an additional January 2005 pledge of 200 million Euros (approximately $260 million), not yet formally committed to UNDG or World Bank Iraqi Trust Fund. Not incuded in this graph is $65,000,000 in additional pledges from Kuwait. "The World Bank, United Nations and CPA estimated Iraq will need $56 billion for reconstruction and stabilization efforts from 2004 to 2007, but that estimate is probably too low." -Brookings Institute. UPDATE ON 2003 MADRID CONFERENCE PLEDGES: Of the $13.5 billion pledged by donors other than the United States, $3.2 billion has been disbursed as of December 2005. The figure for the United States is derived from the IRRF 1 and 2. Status of the IRRF 2 as of January 6, 2006: $16.9 billion as been committed, and just over $10.1 billion has been expended.
STAT United Kingdom United States HISTORY
Air force > Combat aircraft 222
Ranked 8th.
3,318
Ranked 1st. 15 times more than United Kingdom
Army > Attack helicopters 66
Ranked 1st.
6,417
Ranked 1st. 97 times more than United Kingdom
Army > Main battle tanks 227
Ranked 8th.
8,725
Ranked 1st. 38 times more than United Kingdom
Battle-related deaths > Number of people 29
Ranked 29th.
233
Ranked 18th. 8 times more than United Kingdom
Budget 62.7 US$ BN
Ranked 2nd.
682 US$ BN
Ranked 1st. 11 times more than United Kingdom
Global Peace Index 1.79
Ranked 8th.
2.13
Ranked 4th. 19% more than United Kingdom

Military branches Army, Royal Navy (includes Royal Marines), Royal Air Force United States Armed Forces: US Army, US Navy (includes Marine Corps), US Air Force, US Coast Guard
Military expenditures 2.5% of GDP
Ranked 20th.
4.6% of GDP
Ranked 1st. 84% more than United Kingdom
Military service age and obligation 16-33 years of age (officers 17-28) for voluntary military service (with parental consent under 18); no conscription; women serve in military services, but are excluded from ground combat positions and some naval postings; as of October 2009, women comprised 12.1% of officers and 9% of enlisted personnel in the regular forces; must be citizen of the UK, Commonwealth, or Republic of Ireland; reservists serve a minimum of 3 years, to age 45 or 55; 17 years 6 months of age for voluntary military service by Nepalese citizens in the Brigade of Gurkhas; 16-34 years of age for voluntary military service by Papua New Guinean citizens 18 years of age (17 years of age with parental consent) for male and female voluntary service; no conscription; maximum enlistment age 42 (Army), 27 (Air Force), 34 (Navy), 28 (Marines); service obligation 8 years, including 2-5 years active duty (Army), 2 years active (Navy), 4 years active (Air Force, Marines); DoD is eliminating prohibitions restricting women from assignments in units smaller than brigades or near combat units
Navy > Aircraft carriers 1
Ranked 4th.
10
Ranked 1st. 10 times more than United Kingdom
Navy > Corvette warships 4
Ranked 5th. Twice as much as United States
2
Ranked 8th.
Nuclear weapons > Nuclear warheads 225
Ranked 5th.
7,700
Ranked 2nd. 34 times more than United Kingdom
Paramilitary personnel 0.0
Ranked 128th.
11,035
Ranked 1st.
WMD > Missile The United Kingdom's sole nuclear deterrent is based on four new Vanguard-class submarines, each outfitted to carry 16 U.S.-supplied Trident II sea-launched ballistic missiles (SLBM) and 48 warheads. Britain shares a pool of missiles with the United States at the Strategic Weapons Facility Atlantic, Kings Bay Submarine Base, Georgia. The Royal Navy retrieves missiles from the U.S. storage area and places warheads on the missiles onboard. Missiles are serviced by the United States. Although Britain has title to 58 SLBMs, it technically does not own them. The nuclear role of Britain's Tornado aircraft was terminated in 1998, bringing to an end a four-decade history of Royal Air Force aircraft carrying nuclear weapons. In 2004, British and U.S. officials conducted negotiations concerning the development of new "mini-nukes" to replace Britain's aging Trident system, a politically sensitive subject in the country. The United States has the capability to produce highly sophisticated liquid- and solid-fueled missiles of all ranges. It currently deploys 500 Minuteman and 10 MX/Peacekeeper nuclear-tipped intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) at three bases in Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming. The number of warheads on Minuteman missiles was scheduled to be reduced from three to one by 2007 under the defunct START II agreement, but this plan may be revised to assign between 700 to 800 warheads to the 500 Minutemen missiles. Deactivation of the MX/Peacekeeper force began in October 2002 and will conclude in 2005, at the cost of $600 million. In 2004, the Defense Department retired 17 additional MX/Peacekeeper missiles as part of this plan, and the final 10 MX missiles will be withdrawn from alert status by October 1, 2005. These remaining missiles will not be destroyed as prescribed under START II, but will be retained as stipulated in the 2001 NPR for potential use as space launch vehicles, target vehicles, or for redeployment. The Minuteman missile force is also undergoing a $6.0 billion modernization program to improve the weapon's accuracy, reliability, and to extend its service life beyond 2020. A new, longer-range ICBM, to be ready in 2018, is being considered by the Pentagon. As of early 2005, the U.S. Navy had 14 operational Ohio-class nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines (SSBN), having reduced its level by one in 2004 to meet NPR specifications. The four oldest subs in the original class of 18 have been converted to carry non-nuclear cruise missiles. The 14 operational SSBNs carry a total of 336 Trident-1 and Trident-II submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBM), each carrying between six and eight warheads, for an estimated total of 2,016. All SSBNs will be modified to carry the Trident II missiles, and the navy has extended the service life of the Trident-II from 30 to 49 years. The Pentagon is planning to introduce a new SSBN in 2029 when the oldest of the current subs will be retired. Previous predictions indicated that the U.S. Navy would station the 14 SSBNs evenly among the Atlantic and Pacific fleets; however, recent planning shifts have called for an SSBN fleet of 9 to be stationed in the Pacific with only 5 submarines in the Atlantic. Also, in 2004, the Navy initiated the Enhanced Effectiveness (E2) Reentry Body Program that would allow missiles to be targeted within 10-meter accuracy, expanding the list of potential targets to be attacked by W76 warheads. Finally, the Navy plans to resume SLBM flight tests in 2005 and plans to develop a submarine-launched intermediate-range ballistic missile (SLIRBM) that would carry nuclear and conventional payloads. The U.S. bomber force consists of 94 B-52 bombers stationed at Barksdale AFB in Louisiana and Minot AFB in North Dakota, and 21 B-2 bombers stationed at Whiteman Air Force Base, Missouri. The B-52 can deliver air-launched cruise missiles (ALCM), advanced cruise missiles (ACM), or gravity bombs. The B-2 carries only gravity bombs. It is estimated that 450 ALCMs are deployed as well as around 400 operational ACMs, which have a longer range, greater accuracy, and more difficult to intercept than an ALCM. The B-2s are scheduled to undergo upgrades allowing them to make mission and target changes in route. The U.S. Air Force intends to expedite the process of finding a replacement for its current bomber force, considering long- and mid-range options, unmanned aircraft, and new bombers. The United States is a member of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), whose goal is to control the transfer of nuclear-capable missiles and unmanned delivery systems capable of carrying all types of WMD.
WMD > Nuclear The United Kingdom is a nuclear weapon state party to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). The UK's current stockpile is thought to consist of less than 200 strategic and "sub-strategic" warheads on Vanguard-class nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines (SSBN). The Strategic Defense Review of July 1998 called for major changes in the United Kingdom's nuclear weapons program. Air-delivered weapons were removed from service, leaving the SSBNs as the United Kingdom's only nuclear deterrent. The Review mandated that only one submarine be on patrol at a time, with its missiles detargeted and with a reduced number of warheads (maximum of 48). On May 1, 2004, the Nuclear Safeguards Act went into effect in the United Kingdom, providing necessary legislation for the enforcement of the "additional protocol" designed to provide greater protection against nuclear non-proliferation. This protocol built on existing nuclear safeguards agreements with the IAEA. The United Kingdom ratified the NPT in November 1968 and the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty in June 1998. As one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), the United States maintains a sizeable arsenal of nuclear weapons, including approximately 10,350 intact warheads, 5300 of which are considered active or operational. Approximately 4,530 strategic warheads are operational, 1,150 of which are deployed on land-based missile systems (Minuteman and Peacekeeper ICBMs), 1,050 on bombers (B-52 and B-2), and 2,016 on submarines (Ohio-class subs). 780 are tactical nuclear weapons (TNWs), and consist of an estimated 200 Tomahawk land attack cruise missiles (TLAM/N), and 580 B61 bombs. The remaining warheads are stockpiled. The only remaining U.S. weapons in forward deployment, aside from those on SSBNs, are approximately 480 of the 580 operational B61 bombs, located at eight bases in six European NATO countries. According to the May 2002 Treaty of Moscow (the Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty, or SORT) between the United States and the Russian Federation, both countries are required to reduce their strategic nuclear arsenals to 1,700-2,200 operationally deployed warheads by 2012. In June 2004, the US Department of Energy announced that "almost half" of these warheads would be retired for dismantlement by 2012. This statement suggests that the total stockpile of 10,350 warheards would be reduced to about 6,000 by this date. Over 5,000 warheads have been removed from deployment by the United States and placed in a "responsive reserve force" (active but not deployed or in overhaul). These "spares," or warheads on inactive status, have not been dismantled, in keeping with past practice under previous U.S. arms control agreements. The Bush administration has rejected U.S. ratification of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, but calls for a continued moratorium on nuclear testing. The NPR calls for a reduction in the amount of time needed (now 18 months as mandated by Congress, but this could be reduced to as little as 12 months) to test a nuclear weapon, suggesting that the United States might decide to resume nuclear testing, although Bush administration officials deny that this is currently planned and explain the shortening of test-site readiness time as a logical extension of the U.S. decision to maintain a testing option. The NPR also calls for discussion on possible development of new, low-yield, bunker-busting TNW. A law barring research and development that could lead to the production by the United States of a new low-yield "bunker buster" nuclear weapon (warheads with a yield of 5 kilotons or less) was passed by Congress in 1994. In its FY2004 budget request, however, the Department of Defense requested a repeal of the 1994 law, suggesting that the U.S. government intends to proceed with development of new nuclear weapons. The repeal was approved by the Senate on 20 May 2003. The Bush administration has requested an additional $8.5 million in its 2006 budget in order to continue research of nuclear "bunker busters" under the Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator (RNEP) Project. Congress rejected RNEP funding and resources for the Advanced Concepts Initiative, one that would develop mini-nukes or exotic designs, completely for FY2005. Weapons laboratories under the Department of Energy began research on the RNEP Project in 2003, and the study is expected to be complete in 2006. The United States used nuclear weapons on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945, making it the only country that has ever used nuclear weapons during a conflict. It ratified the NPT in March 1970.
Manpower fit for military service > Males age 16-49 None None
Service age and obligation 16-33 years of age (officers 17-28) for voluntary military service (with parental consent under 18); women serve in military services, but are excluded from ground combat positions and some naval postings; must be citizen of the UK, Commonwealth, or Republic of Ireland; reservists serve a minimum of 3 years, to age 45 or 55; 16 years of age for voluntary military service by Nepalese citizens in the Brigade of the Gurkhas; 16-34 years of age for voluntary military service by Papua New Guinean citizens 18 years of age (17 years of age with parental consent) for male and female voluntary service; maximum enlistment age 42 (Army), 27 (Air Force), 34 (Navy), 28 (Marines); service obligation 8 years, including 2-5 years active duty (Army), 2 years active (Navy), 4 years active (Air Force, Marines)
Navy > Submarines 0.0
Ranked 9th.
2
Ranked 8th.
War deaths 0.0
Ranked 125th.
0.0
Ranked 73th.

Navy > Frigates 13
Ranked 3rd.
26
Ranked 3rd. Twice as much as United Kingdom
Expenditures > Percent of GDP 2.4%
Ranked 57th.
4.06%
Ranked 22nd. 69% more than United Kingdom
Navy > Nuclear submarines 11
Ranked 2nd.
71
Ranked 1st. 6 times more than United Kingdom
Navy > Destroyers 6
Ranked 1st.
62
Ranked 1st. 10 times more than United Kingdom
Air force > Aircraft carriers > Commissioned 2
Ranked 5th.
19
Ranked 1st. 10 times more than United Kingdom
Armed forces personnel 212,000
Ranked 23th.
1.37 million
Ranked 3rd. 6 times more than United Kingdom
Navy > Amphibious warfare ships 7
Ranked 3rd.
30
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than United Kingdom
Navy > Cruisers 0.0
Ranked 6th.
22
Ranked 1st.
Air force > Aircraft carriers > Total 41
Ranked 2nd.
68
Ranked 1st. 66% more than United Kingdom
Personnel 217,000
Ranked 28th.
1.55 million
Ranked 3rd. 7 times more than United Kingdom

Personnel > Per capita 3.6 per 1,000 people
Ranked 93th.
5.22 per 1,000 people
Ranked 70th. 45% more than United Kingdom

Battle-related deaths > Number of people per million 0.496
Ranked 30th.
0.818
Ranked 27th. 65% more than United Kingdom
Manpower available for military service > Males age 16-49 None None
Navy > Helicopter carriers 2
Ranked 3rd.
9
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than United Kingdom
Armed forces personnel > Total 160,000
Ranked 36th.
1.54 million
Ranked 4th. 10 times more than United Kingdom

Military expenditure > Current LCU 37.78 billion
Ranked 43th.
661.05 billion
Ranked 13th. 17 times more than United Kingdom

Conscription No <a href=/graph-T/mil_con>conscription</a> (WRI). No <a href=/graph-T/mil_con>conscription</a>.
Nuclear weapons > Non-Proliferation treaty sign date 1 Jul 1968 (L, M, W) 1 Jul 1968 (L, M, W)
Highest military decorations > Name The Victoria Cross The Medal of Honor
Air force > Aircraft carriers > In reserve 0.0
Ranked 12th.
1
Ranked 1st.
NATO > NATO reserves provided 187,130
Ranked 10th.
1.46 million
Ranked 1st. 8 times more than United Kingdom
Gulf War Coalition Forces 45,400
Ranked 3rd.
697,000
Ranked 1st. 15 times more than United Kingdom
Branches Army, Royal Navy (includes Royal Marines), Royal Air Force US Army, US Navy (includes Marine Corps), US Air Force, US Coast Guard; note - Coast Guard administered in peacetime by the Department of Homeland Security, but in wartime reports to the Department of the Navy
NATO > Current members > Date April 4 1949 April 4 1949
Military expenditures > Percent of GDP 2.7% of GDP
Ranked 23th.
4.06% of GDP
Ranked 10th. 50% more than United Kingdom
Arms trade > Arms exports, top countries 863
Ranked 7th.
8,760
Ranked 1st. 10 times more than United Kingdom

Armed forces growth -36%
Ranked 106th.
-37%
Ranked 107th. 3% more than United Kingdom
Arms trade > Arms exports, top countries per million people 13.65
Ranked 11th.
27.91
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than United Kingdom

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Males 383,989
Ranked 30th.
2.16 million
Ranked 5th. 6 times more than United Kingdom
Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ 94 million constant 1990 US$
Ranked 40th.
387 million constant 1990 US$
Ranked 19th. 4 times more than United Kingdom

Armed forces personnel per 1000 3.6
Ranked 89th.
4.84
Ranked 57th. 34% more than United Kingdom
Personnel per 1000 3.6
Ranked 94th.
5.23
Ranked 70th. 45% more than United Kingdom

WMD > Biological Under its former biological warfare program (1936-1956), the United Kingdom weaponized anthrax and conducted research on the pathogens that cause plague and typhoid fever, as well as botulinum toxin. The United Kingdom no longer has an offensive biological weapons program, although its defensive biological program is strong. On March 28, 2005, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Russia issued a joint statement in affirmation of their support for the BTWC and called on all remaining countries not party to the BWC to implement and comply with the pact. London ratified the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention in March 1975. The U.S. offensive biological warfare (BW) program was launched in 1943 and terminated in 1969, by executive order. During this period, the U.S. weaponized a variety of pathogens and toxins for use against humans and plants. The anti-human agents it developed for weapons purposes were Bacillus anthracis (anthrax), Francisella tularensis (tularemia), Coxiella burnetii (Q fever), the Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus, and staphylococcal enterotoxin B. The anti-plant agents were the fungi that cause wheat rust and rice blast. In addition, U.S. military scientists conducted research on pathogens that cause smallpox, glanders, and plague, as well as several toxins, such as botulinum toxin, saxitoxin, and ricin. The entire U.S. BW stockpile was destroyed in 1969 and 1970; since that time, it has not had an offensive BW program. The U.S. ratified the Biological and Toxins Weapons Convention (BWC) in March 1975 and had an important role in the process of developing confidence-building measures (CBMs) during several BWC review conferences. However, in 2001, the Bush administration rejected an effort by other signatories to conclude a protocol that would provide verification measures. Since then, the remaining parties to the BWC have conducted semiannual meetings to discuss, among other things, national measures for the implementation of biosecurity regulations and penal legislation, leading up to the Sixth Review Conference in 2006.[2] In addition, the United States has conducted an active biodefense program for many years in accordance with BWC provisions that permit the use of agents of types and in quantities appropriate for prophylactic, protective, or other peaceful purposes. These activities are reported each year to Congress and in an annual information exchange on biodefense activities under the BWC. A 4 September 2001 New York Times article identified previously undisclosed U.S. government biodefense projects involving a model of a germ bomb, a factory to make biological agents, and the development of more potent anthrax. The United States denied allegations that this research was anything other than defensive in nature and asserted that it did not violate any BWC provisions or CBMs. On 28 April 2004, President Bush outlined the administration's perspective on biological weapons by issuing National Security Presidential Directive (NSPD-33) called "Biodefense for the 21st Century", an initiative to strengthen the country's biodefense capabilities through programs in threat awareness, prevention and protection, surveillance and detection, and response and recovery. The Bush administration also faces criticism that financial resources have been redirected from non-biodefense research in order to fund additional biodefense research.
Expenditures 2.4% of GDP
Ranked 29th.
4.06% of GDP
Ranked 10th. 69% more than United Kingdom
Conventional arms > Exports > Per $ GDP 0.553 per $1,000
Ranked 13th. 19% more than United States
0.464 per $1,000
Ranked 15th.
Conventional arms > Exports $985.00 million
Ranked 4th.
$5.45 billion
Ranked 2nd. 6 times more than United Kingdom
WMD > Chemical The United Kingdom's World War II stockpile of chemical warfare (CW) agents included phosgene, mustard gas, and lewisite. However, the United Kingdom renounced its chemical weapons program in 1957 and subsequently destroyed its chemical stockpiles. The United Kingdom formally backed the U.S.-initiated Proliferation Security Initiative in 2004 and has participated in joint exercises to practice intercepting and boarding ships engaged in weapons proliferation, including chemical weapons. In addition, the United Kingdom continues to give monetary assistance to Moscow for the dismantlement of Russia's chemical weapons stockpile. Britain ratified the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) in May 1996. The U.S. chemical warfare (CW) program began with the establishment of the Chemical Warfare Service in June 1918. During World War I, the United States manufactured, stockpiled, and used chemical weapons. Chemical weapons development and production continued during and after World War II, but the production of unitary chemical munitions was terminated in 1969. During the Reagan administration, the production of binary chemical weapons was restarted, but was discontinued in 1990. Since then, the United States no longer has an active CW program. The United States ratified the Geneva Protocol in 1975, with the reservation that the treaty not apply to defoliants and riot control agents such as were used in Vietnam and Laos during the Vietnam War. Currently, the United States has what is believed to be the world's second largest stockpile of chemical weapons, including bombs, rockets, and artillery shells that are loaded with lewisite, mustard, sarin, soman, VX, or binary nerve agents. Under terms of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), which the United States ratified in April 1997, the United States has committed to destroying all chemical stockpiles by April 2004. However in September 2003, the Pentagon announced that it would be unable to meet this deadline and would ask for an extension at the Fall 2003 CWC meeting. As of 28 December 2004, the Chemical Materials Agency of the U.S. Army announced that only 33.34% of the nation's stored chemical agent, including 70% of the remaining mustard agent stockpile, and 42% of the nation's chemical weapons munitions had been destroyed. Former chemical production facilities and recovered chemical warfare materials are also being destroyed under the U.S. Army Non-Stockpile Chemical Materiel Program (NSCMP). The NSCMP also destroyed 80% of the nation's original chemical weapons production facilities in 2003, 16 months ahead of schedule, and will meet the final deadline of 100% destruction by April 2007.
Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males 400,927
Ranked 28th.
2.19 million
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than United Kingdom

Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ 791 million constant 1990 US$
Ranked 7th.
7.1 billion constant 1990 US$
Ranked 1st. 9 times more than United Kingdom

Expenditure > Current LCU 31358000000 507089000000
Defence minister Secretary of State for Defence Philip Hammond Chuck Hagel
Conventional arms imports $171.00 million
Ranked 30th.
$533.00 million
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
Imports > USD 590 million
Ranked 12th.
904 million
Ranked 7th. 53% more than United Kingdom

Manpower reaching military age annually > Males 383,989
Ranked 30th.
2.16 million
Ranked 5th. 6 times more than United Kingdom

WMD > Overview The United Kingdom is party to all major nonproliferation treaties and is a member of all major international export control regimes. The British government has made substantial reductions in its nuclear forces, partly due to changes in response to its July 1998 Strategic Defence Review. Though it once possessed biological and chemical warfare programs, London ended both programs in the mid-50s. Its limited missile program is now composed entirely of sea-launched missiles. The United States possesses a substantial nuclear weapons arsenal and associated delivery systems. The 2001 Nuclear Posture Review suggests that the United States may seek to develop, and possibly test, new types of nuclear weapons in the future. The United States destroyed its biological weapons by 1970 and is in the process of destroying its stockpile of chemical weapons. Some critics allege that elements of U.S. government biodefense research are in violation of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BWC).
Iraq coalition forces > Troop strength 8,000
Ranked 2nd.
133,000
Ranked 1st. 17 times more than United Kingdom
Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita 1.56 constant 1990 US$
Ranked 52nd. 19% more than United States
1.31 constant 1990 US$
Ranked 56th.

Manpower fit for military service > Females age 16-49 11779679 None
Manpower available for military service > Females age 16-49 None None
Gulf War Coalition Forces per million 790.6
Ranked 8th.
2,755.15
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
Manpower reaching military age annually > Males per thousand people 6.07
Ranked 183th.
6.89
Ranked 163th. 13% more than United Kingdom

Exports > USD 1.07 billion
Ranked 5th.
6.16 billion
Ranked 1st. 6 times more than United Kingdom

Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita 13.13 constant 1990 US$
Ranked 10th.
24.03 constant 1990 US$
Ranked 5th. 83% more than United Kingdom

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Males per thousand people 6.06
Ranked 184th.
6.83
Ranked 165th. 13% more than United Kingdom
Aid to Afghanistan > Gross disbursements as a percent of ODA 2.2%
Ranked 6th.
3.3%
Ranked 1st. 50% more than United Kingdom
Commitment to Development Index (security) 5.4
Ranked 11th. 17% more than United States
4.6
Ranked 16th.
Manpower > Availability > Females 14.13 million
Ranked 20th.
71.64 million
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than United Kingdom

Manpower > Availability > Females per 1000 230.08
Ranked 107th.
235.58
Ranked 92nd. 2% more than United Kingdom

Exports to developing nations $42,816.00 million
Ranked 2nd.
$90,929.00 million
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than United Kingdom
Military expenditures > Stockholm International Peace Research Institute Figures > Date of information 2005 2005
Manpower reaching military age annually > Females 365,491
Ranked 31st.
2.06 million
Ranked 5th. 6 times more than United Kingdom
Manpower > Availability > Males 14.73 million
Ranked 20th.
72.72 million
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than United Kingdom

Terrorism > 2002 Bali bombing deaths 27
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than United States
7
Ranked 4th.
Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ > Per capita 13,133.75 constant 1990 US$ per 1
Ranked 10th.
23,956.65 constant 1990 US$ per 1
Ranked 5th. 82% more than United Kingdom

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males per 1000 6.53
Ranked 165th.
7.19
Ranked 148th. 10% more than United Kingdom

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Male 383989 2161727
Conventional arms > Exports per capita $17.21
Ranked 11th.
$21.84
Ranked 9th. 27% more than United Kingdom
Manpower > Fit for military service > Males 12.12 million
Ranked 19th.
59.41 million
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than United Kingdom

Operation Enduring Freedom > Afghanistan coalition fatalities per million 0.116
Ranked 9th.
0.989
Ranked 1st. 9 times more than United Kingdom
Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 > Per capita 0.25 per capita
Ranked 106th.
0.251 per capita
Ranked 103th. About the same as United Kingdom

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males > Per capita 6.58 per 1,000 people
Ranked 184th.
7.2 per 1,000 people
Ranked 165th. 9% more than United Kingdom

Iraq coalition forces > Troop strength per million 132.02
Ranked 2nd.
445.74
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than United Kingdom
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Females 365,491
Ranked 31st.
2.06 million
Ranked 5th. 6 times more than United Kingdom
Exports to developing nations > Per $ GDP $0.02 million per $1 million
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than United States
$0.01 million per $1 million
Ranked 4th.
Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females 383,593
Ranked 27th.
2.08 million
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than United Kingdom

Manpower > Availability > Males per 1000 239.92
Ranked 114th. About the same as United States
239.12
Ranked 119th.

Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 14.88 million
Ranked 20th.
73.6 million
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than United Kingdom

Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 per 1000 247.04
Ranked 91st.
249.05
Ranked 85th. 1% more than United Kingdom

Operation Enduring Freedom > Afghanistan coalition fatalities 7
Ranked 5th.
295
Ranked 1st. 42 times more than United Kingdom
Aid to Afghanistan > Total development aid > Estimates per capita $601.81
Ranked 8th. 2 times more than United States
$279.63
Ranked 12th.
Aid to Afghanistan > Total development aid > Estimates $36.47 billion
Ranked 3rd.
$83.44 billion
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than United Kingdom
Conventional arms imports per capita $2.99
Ranked 47th. 40% more than United States
$2.14
Ranked 51st.
Conventional arms imports > Per $ GDP 0.096 per $1,000
Ranked 70th. 2 times more than United States
0.045 per $1,000
Ranked 81st.
Iraq Coalition casualties per million 1.9
Ranked 2nd.
8.56
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than United Kingdom
Terrorism > 2002 Bali bombing deaths per million people 0.455
Ranked 5th. 19 times more than United States
0.0243
Ranked 19th.
Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty > Signatures and Ratifications > Signature 24 SEP 1996 24 SEP 1996
Exports to developing nations, % of GDP 3.89e-06%
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than United States
1.45e-06%
Ranked 5th.
Manpower > Fit for military service > Females 11.62 million
Ranked 19th.
59.19 million
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than United Kingdom

Conventional arms > Exports, % of GDP 0.0966%
Ranked 13th. 2% more than United States
0.0948%
Ranked 14th.
Exports to developing nations per million $743.59 million
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than United States
$354.48 million
Ranked 3rd.
Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid per capita $7.42
Ranked 8th.
$69.38
Ranked 3rd. 9 times more than United Kingdom
Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid, % of GDP 0.016%
Ranked 8th.
0.15%
Ranked 2nd. 9 times more than United Kingdom
Iraq Coalition casualties 113
Ranked 2nd.
2,484
Ranked 1st. 22 times more than United Kingdom
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Female 365491 2055685
Conventional arms imports, % of GDP 0.0168%
Ranked 74th. 81% more than United States
0.00927%
Ranked 75th.
Personnel > % of total labor force 0.71%
Ranked 101st.
0.99%
Ranked 83th. 39% more than United Kingdom

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females per 1000 6.25
Ranked 166th.
6.84
Ranked 151st. 9% more than United Kingdom

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Females per thousand people 5.87
Ranked 182nd.
6.65
Ranked 158th. 13% more than United Kingdom
Manpower reaching military age annually > Females per thousand people 5.87
Ranked 184th.
6.65
Ranked 159th. 13% more than United Kingdom
Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females > Per capita 6.29 per 1,000 people
Ranked 185th.
6.84 per 1,000 people
Ranked 168th. 9% more than United Kingdom

Manpower > Fit for military service > Females per 1000 189.22
Ranked 90th.
194.63
Ranked 73th. 3% more than United Kingdom

Aid to Afghanistan > Total development aid > Estimates > Per $ GDP $170.34 per $10,000 of GDP
Ranked 8th. 2 times more than United States
$71.51 per $10,000 of GDP
Ranked 12th.
Manpower > Fit for military service > Males per 1000 197.44
Ranked 78th. 1% more than United States
195.38
Ranked 85th.

Expenditure > % of GDP 2.59%
Ranked 26th.
4.08%
Ranked 11th. 58% more than United Kingdom

Expenditure > % of central government expenditure 6.31%
Ranked 27th.
19.26%
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than United Kingdom

Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ > Per capita 1.56 constant 1990 US$ per c
Ranked 52nd. 20% more than United States
1.31 constant 1990 US$ per c
Ranked 57th.

Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid > Per $ GDP $21.13 per $100,000 of GDP
Ranked 9th.
$179.13 per $100,000 of GDP
Ranked 5th. 8 times more than United Kingdom
Armed forces personnel > % of total labor force 0.51%
Ranked 114th.
0.97%
Ranked 71st. 90% more than United Kingdom

Aid to Afghanistan > Total development aid > Estimates, % of GDP 1.49%
Ranked 8th. 2 times more than United States
0.627%
Ranked 12th.
Military expenditure > % of GDP 2.71%
Ranked 30th.
4.64%
Ranked 8th. 71% more than United Kingdom

Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid $452.33 million
Ranked 5th.
$20.90 billion
Ranked 1st. 46 times more than United Kingdom

SOURCES: Wikipedia: List of countries by level of military equipment (List); Uppsala Conflict Data Program, http://www.pcr.uu.se/research/UCDP/.; http://www.visionofhumanity.org/#/page/indexes/global-peace-index, Global Rankings. Vision of Humanity.; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; http://www.fas.org/programs/ssp/nukes/nuclearweapons/nukestatus.html, April 2014; Wikipedia: List of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel (The list); The Nuclear Threat Initiative; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Uppsala Conflict Data Program, http://www.pcr.uu.se/research/ucdp/.; Wikipedia: List of aircraft carriers in service (List of countries by aircraft carriers); IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies). 2001. The Military Balance 2001-2002. Oxford: Oxford University Press; Wikipedia: List of aircraft carriers by country (Number of aircraft carriers by operating nation); World Development Indicators database; Uppsala Conflict Data Program, http://www.pcr.uu.se/research/UCDP/. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Helicopter carrier (Helicopter carriers by country); International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance.; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security.; Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Geneva, Switzerland, 1997. Data collected from the nations concerned, unless otherwise indicated. Acronyms: Amnesty International (AI); European Council of Conscripts Organizations (ECCO); Friends World Committee for Consultation (FWCC); International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights (IHFHR); National Interreligious Service Board for Conscientious Objectors (NISBCO); Service, Peace and Justice in Latin America (SERPAJ); War Resisters International (WRI); World Council of Churches (WCC); Wikipedia: List of parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (Ratified or acceded states); Wikipedia: List of highest military decorations; Wikipedia: Member states of NATO (Military personnel); "Gulf War Veterans: Measuring Health" by Lyla M. Hernandez, Jane S. Durch, Dan G. Blazer II, and Isabel V. Hoverman, Editors; Committee on Measuring the Health of Gulf War Veterans, Institute of Medicine. Published by The National Academies Press 1999; Wikipedia: NATO; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arms_industry#World.27s_largest_arms_exporters

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
; calculated on the basis of data on armed forces from IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies). 2001. The Military Balance 2001-2002. Oxford: Oxford University Press; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arms_industry#World.27s_largest_arms_exporters

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies). 2001. The Military Balance 2001-2002. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute). 2005. SIPRI Arms Transfers. Database. February. Stockholm.; Wikipedia: List of current defence ministers (States recognized by the United Nations); US Department of Defense. The Brookings Institution Iraq Index, April 24, 2006.; "Gulf War Veterans: Measuring Health" by Lyla M. Hernandez, Jane S. Durch, Dan G. Blazer II, and Isabel V. Hoverman, Editors; Committee on Measuring the Health of Gulf War Veterans, Institute of Medicine. Published by The National Academies Press 1999. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Richard F. Grimmett, "Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 1992-1999" (Washington: Congressional Research Service, August 18, 2000), p. 51; Wikipedia: List of countries by military expenditures; Wikipedia: 2002 Bali bombings (Fatalities by country) (Australian Department of Defence. " Aspects of forensic responses to the Bali bombings "); SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute). 2005. SIPRI Arms Transfers. Database. February. Stockholm. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Operation Enduring Freedom, icasualties.org, May 18, 2006. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; US Department of Defense. The Brookings Institution Iraq Index, April 24, 2006. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Operation Enduring Freedom, icasualties.org, May 18, 2006; United Nations Development Programme in Afghanistan, 2006. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Development Programme in Afghanistan, 2006.; Iraqi Coalition Casualty Count. March 19, 2006. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: 2002 Bali bombings (Fatalities by country) (Australian Department of Defence. " Aspects of forensic responses to the Bali bombings "). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty; Richard F. Grimmett, "Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 1992-1999" (Washington: Congressional Research Service, August 18, 2000), p. 51. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute). 2005. SIPRI Arms Transfers. Database. February. Stockholm. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; Richard F. Grimmett, "Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 1992-1999" (Washington: Congressional Research Service, August 18, 2000), p. 51. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; US Department of Defense. The Brookings Institution Iraq Index, April 24, 2006. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; Iraqi Coalition Casualty Count. March 19, 2006.; United Nations Development Programme in Afghanistan, 2006. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.

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"Military: United Kingdom and United States compared", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/compare/United-Kingdom/United-States/Military

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