Country vs country: United Kingdom and United States compared: Environment


  • Areas under protection: Protected Areas under IUCN management categories I - VI (1992-2003)
  • CO2 Emissions: CO2: Total Emissions (excluding land-use) Units: thousand metric tonnes of carbon dioxide
  • CO2 emissions > Kt: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • Carbon efficiency: Carbon economic efficiency (CO2 emissions per dollar GDP)
    Units: Metric Tons/US Dollar GDP
  • Current issues: This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry:
  • Ecological footprint: Ecological footprint per capita
    Units: Hectares per Person
  • Endangered species protection: Percent of CITES reporting requirements met
    Units: Percent of Requirements Met
    Units: Countries that have not ratified the CITES convention are recorded as having zero percent of their requirements met.
  • Known mammal species: Known mammal species (1992-2002).
  • Marine fish catch: Total marine fish catch
    Units: Metric Tons
  • Municipal waste generation: Kilograms of municipal waste generated per year (2000).
  • Pollution > Nuclear waste: Wastes from spent fuel arising in nuclear power plants, measured in terms of heavy metal. Data for 1998 or latest available year.
  • Protected area: Environmentally protected area (1997)
  • Waste generation: Kilograms of waste generated per person per year ( 2000).
  • Water > Availability: Water availability per capita (1961-1990 (avg.))
    Units: Thousands Cubic Meters/Person
    Units: This variable measures internal renewable water (average annual surface runoff and groundwater recharge generated from endogenous precipitation)
  • Water > Freshwater pollution: Industrial organic pollutants per available freshwater
    Units: Metric Tons of BOD Emissions per Cubic Km of Water
    Units: Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants. The data from the World Bank, which represented BOD emissions (kilograms per day) were normalized by the combination of water availability per capita and water inflow availability per capita from the WaterGap2.1 model. In calculating the ESI, the base-10 logarithm of this variable was used.
STAT United Kingdom United States HISTORY
Areas under protection 579
Ranked 18th.
Ranked 7th. 6 times more than United Kingdom

CO2 Emissions 558,225
Ranked 7th.
5.76 million
Ranked 1st. 10 times more than United Kingdom

CO2 emissions > Kt 558,461 kt
Ranked 8th.
5.79 million kt
Ranked 1st. 10 times more than United Kingdom

Carbon efficiency 1.17 CO2 emissions/$ GDP
Ranked 69th.
1.77 CO2 emissions/$ GDP
Ranked 42nd. 51% more than United Kingdom

Current issues continues to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (has met Kyoto Protocol target of a 12.5% reduction from 1990 levels and intends to meet the legally binding target and move toward a domestic goal of a 20% cut in emissions by 2010); by 2005 the government reduced the amount of industrial and commercial waste disposed of in landfill sites to 85% of 1998 levels and recycled or composted at least 25% of household waste, increasing to 33% by 2015 air pollution resulting in acid rain in both the US and Canada; the US is the largest single emitter of carbon dioxide from the burning of fossil fuels; water pollution from runoff of pesticides and fertilizers; limited natural fresh water resources in much of the western part of the country require careful management; desertification

Ecological footprint 6.29
Ranked 16th.
Ranked 2nd. 94% more than United Kingdom

Endangered species protection 100%
Ranked 16th. 14% more than United States
Ranked 39th.

Known mammal species 50
Ranked 134th.
Ranked 4th. 9 times more than United Kingdom

Marine fish catch 711,809 tons
Ranked 18th.
3.33 million tons
Ranked 7th. 5 times more than United Kingdom

Municipal waste generation 560 kgs per person per year
Ranked 9th.
760 kgs per person per year
Ranked 1st. 36% more than United Kingdom

Pollution > Nuclear waste 820
Ranked 5th.
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than United Kingdom

Protected area 20.5%
Ranked 11th. 53% more than United States
Ranked 26th.

Waste generation 480 kgs per person per year
Ranked 3rd. 4% more than United States
460 kgs per person per year
Ranked 4th.

Water > Availability 3.1 thousand cubic metres
Ranked 68th.
7.09 thousand cubic metres
Ranked 47th. 2 times more than United Kingdom

Water > Freshwater pollution 3.34 tons/cubic km
Ranked 17th. 3 times more than United States
1.14 tons/cubic km
Ranked 30th.

SOURCES: World Resources Institute; World Resources Institute. 2003. Carbon Emissions from energy use and cement manufacturing, 1850 to 2000. Available on-line through the Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT) at Washington, DC: World Resources Institute; World Development Indicators database; Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Living Planet Report 2000, Gland, Switzerland: 2000, and Redefining Progress.; Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, Report on National Reports Required Under Article VIII, Paragraph 7(a), of the Convention, Eleventh Meeting of the Conference of the Parties, Gigiri, Kenya, April 2000; FAOSTAT on-line database; OECD Environmental Data Compendium: 2002; Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris, France, OECD Environmental Data Compendium; Jacaranda Atlas; Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, WaterGAP 2.1B, 2001 via ciesin.org; World Bank, World Development Indicators 2001, Washington, DC: World Bank, 2001 (for BOD emissions)and Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, WaterGap 2.1, 2000 (for data on waterquantity). via ciesin.org


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