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Country vs country: United Kingdom and United States compared: People stats

Definitions

  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people: Total number of divorces in given year by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Mother's mean age at first birth: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Divorce rate: Divorce rate per 1,000 people
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces: Total number of divorces in given year by country.
  • Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Marriage rate: Number of marriages per 1,000 people per year
  • Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Age distribution > Child dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant children out of total population aged 15 and older. A dependant child is a child aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas by country.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 5-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Future population change: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Gender > Sex ratio at birth: Number of males born for every female born. Countries with a number less than one have more females born than males.
  • Population density > People per sq. km of land area: Population density (people per sq. km of land area). Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas by country.
  • Migration > Net migration > Per capita: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)


  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages: Marriages by urban/rural residence.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 80 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • Population, total: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Average size of households: Average households size (number of people living in the house) - late 1990s.
  • Percentage living in rural areas.: Percentage of people living in rural areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total: Number of people aged 5-14.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages per thousand people: Marriages by urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Migration > Net migration: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period."
  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Gender empowerment measure: Gender Empowerment Measure Range is from .000 (lowest) to 1.000 (highest), 2002.
  • Teenage birth rate: The number of births to women aged below 20 per 1,000 women aged 15 to 19. (1995-1998)
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total: Number of people aged 80 years and older.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Gender > Gender inequality index: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender empowerment: Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM). The GEM measures the participation of women and men in political decision-making. This index also has four indicators: female members of the Legislature, female participation in selected positions in public and private sector, female participation in academic and technical work, and estimated income. Both indexes are based on data collected by the UN and are processed to enable comparison.
  • Percentage living in urban areas: Percentage of people living in urban areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Home ownership: Home ownership as % of all households (Data is for 2000).
  • Migration > Foreign worker salaries: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. Remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers resident in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status, to recipients in their country of origin. Migrants' transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Abortion > Abortion rate: Abortions per 1000 women.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Projected population growth: Percentage change in projected population between 2000 and 2050
    Units: Percent Change in Population
    Units: A threshold of 0 was applied. All countries with growth rates of 0 or below received the same score.

  • Elderly population > Elderly Population by region > Percentage of elderly population by country: The elderly population is the number of inhabitants of a given region aged 65 or older. The population can be either the average annual population or the population at a specific date during the year considered. The average population during a calendar year is generally calculated as the arithmetic mean of the population on 1 January of two consecutive years (it is also referred to as the mean population).

    The geographic concentration index offers an accurate picture of the spatial distribution of elderly population, as it takes into account the area of each region and reveals large international differences in the degree of geographic concentration of elderly people.

    The geographic concentration index compares the economic weight and the geographic weight over all regions in a given country and is constructed to account for both within- and between-country differences in the size of all regions. The index lies between 0 (no concentration) and 100 (maximum concentration) and is suitable for international comparisons of geographic concentration.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people: Total population living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women: Average age of women at their first marriage.
  • Gender > Global Gender Gap Index: The Gender Gap Index considers gender inequality in the dimensions of economic participation (equality of salaries, labor market participation and access to high-skilled employment); access to education; political participation; and health (life expectancy and sex ratio). The highest score of 1 means total equality, 0 means complete inequality. The Index is calculated by the World Economic Forum.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted."
  • Nobel prize laureates: Number of Nobel Prize Laureates 1901-2002
  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Future population > Females: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Age at first marriage for women: Age of women when they first get married (1999).
  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent of people aged 15-19 years who are or have been married or in a marriage-like union recognized by the law or customs of their country.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Size of houses: Proportion of houses with five or more rooms, 2002.
  • Migration > Asylum Seekers: Thousands of asylum seekers coming into a nation in 2001.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant."
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men: Average age of men at their first marriage.
  • Gender > Female population per thousand people: Total female population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Urban and rural > Population living in urban agglomerations: Total population living in urban agglomerations. An urban agglomeration should not be confused with a metropolitan area, whereas an agglomeration refers to multiple connected urban cities, while a metropolitan area refers to a central urban area with outlying suburban cities and districts.
  • Overseas Chinese > 2005 Population: Top 20
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • One person households: Share of one person households (1995)
  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is no global target for the number of hospital beds per country. So, while 2 beds per 1,000 in one country may be sufficient, 2 beds per 1,000 in another may be woefully inadequate because of the number of people hospitalized by disease.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Density and urbanisation > Urban population: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects.
  • Migration > Foreign population: Foreign population as % of total population; data for 2000
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • International migration > Trends in migration > Net migration rate: Net migration is defined as the total number of immigrant nationals and foreigners minus the total of emigrant foreigners and nationals. Arrivals and departures for purposes such as tourism and business travel are not included in the statistics.
  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee: Natives per Refugee.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Cities > Cities larger than the capital: Cities larger than the capital.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Gender ratio > Whole population: Female/male ratio of population.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Urban and rural > Female rural population: Total number of females living in rural areas by country.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women’s empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries.
  • Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio: Women per 100 men amongst urban population.
  • Persons per room: The main data sources for housing statistics are national population and housing censuses. Internationally recommended concepts and definitions for collecting these statistics are published in the Principles and Recommendations for Population and Housing
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-14. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio: Women per 100 men, rural population.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Immigration > Commitment to Development Index (immigration): This is a sub-index of the Commitment to Development Index (CDI), which ranks rich countries’ policies is terms of how beneficial they are to the world’s five billion poorest people. The migration sub-index is based on net-inflows of migrants from developing countries, openness to students from those countries and aid offered to refugees and asylum seekers. For further information, please refer to cgdev.org/cdi
  • International migration > Immigrant population > Foreign-born population: Nationality and place of birth are the two criteria most commonly used to define the “immigrant” population. The foreign-born population covers all persons who have ever migrated from their country of birth to their current country of residence. The foreign population consists of persons who still have the nationality of their home country. It may include persons born in the host country.
  • Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19). Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Gender development index: Gender development index - Range is from .000 (lowest) to 1.000 (highest).
  • Age at first marriage for men: Age of men when they first get married (1999).
  • Charity > World Giving Index: 2011.
  • Gender > Male population per thousand people: Total male population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in urban agglomerations per thousand people: Total population living in urban agglomerations. An urban agglomeration should not be confused with a metropolitan area, whereas an agglomeration refers to multiple connected urban cities, while a metropolitan area refers to a central urban area with outlying suburban cities and districts. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition






  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Population, total per 1000: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5 > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births). Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates.
  • Population in largest city: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Cities > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Male rural population: Total number of males living in rural areas by country.
  • Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > National estimate, per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio (national estimate, per 100,000 live births). Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die from pregnancy-related causes while pregnant or within 42 days of pregnancy termination per 100,000 live births.
  • Elderly living with children: Percentage of old people (aged above 65) living with their children.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Couples with children: Share of couples with children (1995)
  • Median age > Both sexes: Age of person who is older than half the population and younger than the other half of the population.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum per 1000: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 500,000: Urban Areas Over 500,000.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Australian citizens > Conditions of access: Visa requirement.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Density and urbanisation > Rural population: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Attitude of women > Should have equal rights: Percentage of women (F) agreeing with the statement - "Women should have equal rights" in 1999 poll.
  • Migration > Asylum Seekers per million: Thousands of asylum seekers coming into a nation in 2001. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Attitude of women > Women do have equal rights: Percentage of women agreeing with the statement - "Women do have equal rights" in 1999 poll.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$: GDP per capita (constant 2000 US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births). Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence.
  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country: Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in: rate varies by country). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Migration > International migrant stock > Total: International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data."
  • Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million: Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people.
  • Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia: Modified Non-Return Rate.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people 65 years old and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Babies: Female/male ratio at birth.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, neonatal > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, neonatal (per 1,000 live births). Neonatal mortality rate is the number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using any type of contraceptive.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Modern methods: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, modern methods, percentage.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, condom, percentage.
  • Lone parent families: Share of lone parent families (1995)
  • Cities > Rate of urbanization: Urbanization rate.
  • Urban and rural > Females living in urban agglomerations per thousand people: Total number of females living in urban agglomerations. An urban agglomeration should not be confused with a metropolitan area, whereas an agglomeration refers to multiple connected urban cities, while a metropolitan area refers to a central urban area with outlying suburban cities and districts. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Population in largest city > Per capita: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women: Percentage of female population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of females in the same age group.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > African diaspora, population:

    Amount of people of African descent in each country. Only the top 15 countries are listed.   

  • Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent: DM.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 80: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 60: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 60 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 60, there are 196 females who are over 60.
  • Elderly population > Elderly Population by region > Percentage of elderly population by country per million: The elderly population is the number of inhabitants of a given region aged 65 or older. The population can be either the average annual population or the population at a specific date during the year considered. The average population during a calendar year is generally calculated as the arithmetic mean of the population on 1 January of two consecutive years (it is also referred to as the mean population).

    The geographic concentration index offers an accurate picture of the spatial distribution of elderly population, as it takes into account the area of each region and reveals large international differences in the degree of geographic concentration of elderly people.

    The geographic concentration index compares the economic weight and the geographic weight over all regions in a given country and is constructed to account for both within- and between-country differences in the size of all regions. The index lies between 0 (no concentration) and 100 (maximum concentration) and is suitable for international comparisons of geographic concentration. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender ratio > Rural population: Female/male ratio of rural population.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, female > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, female (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, female (per 1,000)
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000)
  • Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Total population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Total population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million > Per capita: Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 80 years and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Future population change per thousand people: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-64. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given: Maternity leave benefits.
  • International migrant stock, total: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data.
  • Attitude of women > Women are better off now: Percentage of women agreeing with the statement - "Women are in a better position than their grandmothers" in 1999 poll.
  • Rural population > Per capita: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Health expenditures: This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP. Health expenditures are broadly defined as activities performed either by institutions or individuals through the application of medical, paramedical, and/or nursing knowledge and technology, the primary purpose of which is to promote, restore, or maintain health.
  • Female population > Age 95-99: Female population - Age 95-99, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 100-104 per million: Female population - Age 100-104, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent: HS.
  • Attitude of women > Women are happier now: Percentage of women agreeing with the statement - "Women are happier now than in their grandmothers' time" in 1999 poll.
  • Migration > Asylum seekers acceptance rates > 1990-99: % of asylum seekers accepted between the years 1990 and 1999.
  • Elderly living in institution: Percentage of old people (aged above 65) living in old age institutions.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged 40 to 59: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Immigration > Country of birth of Australian resident population per thousand people: Australian residents born outside of Australia by country of birth. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Migration > New citizenships: Thousands of people who acquired nationality in 2000. Statistics cover all means of acquiring the nationality of a country, except where otherwise indicated. These include standard naturalisation procedures subject to age, residency, etc. criteria, as well as situations where nationality is acquired through a declaration or by option (following marriage, adoption, or other situations related to residency or descent), recovery of former nationality and other special means of acquiring the nationality of a country. For more details on sources, refer to the notes at the end of the OECD Annex.
  • Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Male population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 95-99 per million: Female population - Age 95-99, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Future population > Females per thousand people: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 65 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 65: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • International migration > Migration and unemployment > Unemployment rate of native-born men: The unemployment rate is calculated as the share of the unemployed in the total labour force (employed and unemployed persons). In accordance with the ILO standards, unemployed persons consist of those persons who report that they are without work during the reference week, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work during the four preceding weeks.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada per thousand people: Country of birth of Canadian residents (number of residents). Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 40-44 per 1000: Female population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 35-39 per 1000: Total population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 40-44 per 1000: Total population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 25-29 per 1000: Male population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 75-79 per 1000: Male population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 20-24: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 90-94 per 1000: Female population - Age 90-94, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 10-14: Male population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 10-14: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total Population > Thousands: Total Population, thousands, as of April 26, 2005
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio > Reported: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 1985 - 2002 reported
  • Migration > Asylum Seekers > 1990-99 per million: Total number of asylum seekers between the years 1980 and 1989. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Migration > Refugees > Inflow 1990-99 per million: Number of refugees accepted by each country between the years 1990 and 1999. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • HIV/AIDS > People living with HIV/AIDS: This entry gives an estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS.
    Additional details:
    • Bahrain: fewer than 600 (2007)
    • Bhutan: fewer than 100 (2007)
    • Bhutan: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Brunei: fewer than 200 (2003)
    • Comoros: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Croatia: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Cyprus: fewer than 1,000 (2007)
    • Fiji: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Iceland: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Iraq: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Luxembourg: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Luxembourg: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Macedonia: fewer than 200 (2007)
    • Maldives: fewer than 100 (2009)
    • Malta: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Mongolia: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Qatar: fewer than 200 (2009)
    • Slovakia: fewer than 200 (2007)
    • Slovakia: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Slovenia: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Syria: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Turkmenistan: fewer than 200 (2007)


  • Population, female > % of total: Population, female (% of total). Population, female (% of total) is the percentage of the population that is female.
  • International migration > Migration and unemployment > Unemployment rate of the foreign-born men: The unemployment rate is calculated as the share of the unemployed in the total labour force (employed and unemployed persons). In accordance with the ILO standards, unemployed persons consist of those persons who report that they are without work during the reference week, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work during the four preceding weeks.
  • Survival to age 65, male > % of cohort: Survival to age 65, male (% of cohort). Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates.
  • Survival to age 65, female > % of cohort: Survival to age 65, female (% of cohort). Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates.
  • Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults: Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population: Prevalence of undernourishment (% of population). Population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (also referred to as prevalence of undernourishment) shows the percentage of the population whose food intake is insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements continuously. Data showing as 2.5 signifies a prevalence of undernourishment below 2.5%.
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Sweden per thousand people: Country of origin of Sweden’s foreign born population (number of people by country of origin). Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 45-49 > % of the total: Total population - Age 45-49 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 75-79 > % of the total: Female population - Age 75-79 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000: Male population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 per million people: Urban Areas Over 2,000,000. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Migration > New citizenships > Per $ GDP: Thousands of people who acquired nationality in 2000. Statistics cover all means of acquiring the nationality of a country, except where otherwise indicated. These include standard naturalisation procedures subject to age, residency, etc. criteria, as well as situations where nationality is acquired through a declaration or by option (following marriage, adoption, or other situations related to residency or descent), recovery of former nationality and other special means of acquiring the nationality of a country. For more details on sources, refer to the notes at the end of the OECD Annex. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access: Improved sanitation facilities (% of population with access). Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. The improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
  • Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total: Male population - Age 80-84 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • Male population > Age 85-89 > % of the total: Male population - Age 85-89 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 80-84 > % of the total: Female population - Age 80-84 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Fertility > Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49: Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15-49). Contraceptive prevalence rate is the percentage of women who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for married women ages 15-49 only.
  • Fertility > Low-birthweight babies > % of births: Low-birthweight babies (% of births). Low-birthweight babies are newborns weighing less than 2,500 grams, with the measurement taken within the first hours of life, before significant postnatal weight loss has occurred.
  • Emigration rate of tertiary educated > % of total tertiary educated population: Emigration rate of tertiary educated (% of total tertiary educated population). Emigration rate of tertiary educated shows the stock of emigrants ages 25 and older, residing in an OECD country other than that in which they were born, with at least one year of tertiary education as a percentage of the population age 25 and older with tertiary education.
  • Male population > Age 90-94 > % of the total: Male population - Age 90-94 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Labor force participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15-64)
  • Labor force participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, total (% of total population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male > %: Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male (%). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-24 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. The participation rates are harmonized to account for differences in national data collection and tabulation methodologies as well as for other country-specific factors such as military service requirements. The series includes both nationally reported and imputed data and only estimates that are national, meaning there are no geographic limitations in coverage.
  • Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults: Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Greater London: Population of Greater London by country of birth.
  • Age dependency ratio, old > % of working-age population: Age dependency ratio, old (% of working-age population). Age dependency ratio, old, is the ratio of older dependents--people older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. Data are shown as the proportion of dependents per 100 working-age population.
  • Male population > Age 95-99: Male population - Age 95-99, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 85-89 > % of the total: Female population - Age 85-89 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 70-74 per 1000: Male population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Population > Female > % of total: Female population is the percentage of the population that is female.
  • Urban and rural > Male rural population per thousand people: Total number of males living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
STAT United Kingdom United States HISTORY
Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 15.44%
Ranked 104th.
16.71%
Ranked 62nd. 8% more than United Kingdom

Age structure > 0-14 years 17.3%
Ranked 177th.
20%
Ranked 156th. 16% more than United Kingdom

Age structure > 65 years and over 17.3%
Ranked 25th. 24% more than United States
13.9%
Ranked 51st.

Birth rate 12.26 births/1,000 population
Ranked 160th.
13.66 births/1,000 population
Ranked 147th. 11% more than United Kingdom

Death rate 9.33 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 59th. 11% more than United States
8.39 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 88th.

Ethnic groups white (of which English 83.6%, Scottish 8.6%, Welsh 4.9%, Northern Irish 2.9%) 92.1%, black 2%, Indian 1.8%, Pakistani 1.3%, mixed 1.2%, other 1.6% white 79.96%, black 12.85%, Asian 4.43%, Amerindian and Alaska native 0.97%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.18%, two or more races 1.61% (July 2007 estimate)
Gender > Female population 38.5 million
Ranked 33th.
231.19 million
Ranked 4th. 6 times more than United Kingdom

Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people 2.07
Ranked 28th.
2.81
Ranked 8th. 36% more than United Kingdom

Mother's mean age at first birth 30
Ranked 2nd. 20% more than United States
25
Ranked 5th.
Population 63.18 million
Ranked 1st.
316.67 million
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than United Kingdom

Population > Population growth, past and future -0.022
Ranked 76th.
0.122
Ranked 53th.

Population growth -0.022%
Ranked 76th.
0.122%
Ranked 53th.

Population growth rate 0.55%
Ranked 147th.
0.9%
Ranked 124th. 64% more than United Kingdom

Population in 2015 61,417 thousand
Ranked 22nd.
325,723 thousand
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than United Kingdom
Urbanization in 2015 90.8%
Ranked 17th. 12% more than United States
81%
Ranked 37th.
Total fertility rate 1.9 children born/woman
Ranked 137th.
2.06 children born/woman
Ranked 116th. 8% more than United Kingdom

Obesity > Adult obesity rate 26.9%
Ranked 41st.
33%
Ranked 16th. 23% more than United Kingdom

Divorce rate 3.08 per 1,000 people
Ranked 4th.
4.95 per 1,000 people
Ranked 1st. 61% more than United Kingdom
Sex ratio > Total population 0.99 male(s)/female
Ranked 103th. 2% more than United States
0.97 male(s)/female
Ranked 143th.

Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 8.8
Ranked 75th. 9% more than United States
8.07
Ranked 88th.

Gender > Male population 38.68 million
Ranked 33th.
230.88 million
Ranked 4th. 6 times more than United Kingdom

Nationality > Adjective British American
Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.51
Ranked 121st. 4% more than United States
0.49
Ranked 133th.

Sex ratio > At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 117th. The same as United States
1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 94th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 11.91 million
Ranked 36th.
77.19 million
Ranked 4th. 6 times more than United Kingdom

Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces 129,764
Ranked 9th.
877,000
Ranked 2nd. 7 times more than United Kingdom

Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 53.85%
Ranked 66th. 14% more than United States
47.21%
Ranked 101st.

Age distribution > Median age 46.96 years
Ranked 77th. 6% more than United States
44.38 years
Ranked 117th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 10.62%
Ranked 114th.
11.22%
Ranked 80th. 6% more than United Kingdom

Marriage rate 6.8
Ranked 10th.
9.8
Ranked 1st. 44% more than United Kingdom
Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 81.93%
Ranked 57th. 7% more than United States
76.73%
Ranked 93th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 42.42 million
Ranked 34th.
261.45 million
Ranked 4th. 6 times more than United Kingdom

Age structure > 15-64 years 65.8%
Ranked 115th.
66.5%
Ranked 101st. 1% more than United Kingdom

Nationality > Noun Briton(s), British (collective plural) American(s)
Age distribution > Child dependency ratio 28.09%
Ranked 60th.
29.52%
Ranked 37th. 5% more than United Kingdom

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 54.97%
Ranked 140th.
56.58%
Ranked 104th. 3% more than United Kingdom

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 35.17%
Ranked 71st. 9% more than United States
32.24%
Ranked 107th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 49.39%
Ranked 134th.
51.06%
Ranked 99th. 3% more than United Kingdom

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 29.6%
Ranked 69th. 11% more than United States
26.71%
Ranked 104th.

Median age > Total 40.3 years
Ranked 40th. 8% more than United States
37.2 years
Ranked 61st.

Urban and rural > Urban population 45.92 million
Ranked 6th.
249.25 million
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than United Kingdom

Life expectancy at birth > Total population 80.29 years
Ranked 30th. 2% more than United States
78.62 years
Ranked 50th.

Urban population 54.02 million
Ranked 12th.
239.5 million
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than United Kingdom

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 27.14 million
Ranked 23th.
148.96 million
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than United Kingdom

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 30
Ranked 2nd. 20% more than United States
25
Ranked 5th.
Cities > Urban population 92,372
Ranked 31st. 9% more than United States
84,460
Ranked 54th.

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent 10.38%
Ranked 104th.
11.17%
Ranked 64th. 8% more than United Kingdom

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 38.12 million
Ranked 35th.
235.92 million
Ranked 4th. 6 times more than United Kingdom

Migration > Net migration rate 2.17 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 44th.
2.92 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 29th. 35% more than United Kingdom

Future population change -17,090
Ranked 135th.
563,170
Ranked 12th.

Gender > Sex ratio at birth 1.05
Ranked 71st. About the same as United States
1.05
Ranked 132nd.

Population density > People per sq. km of land area 259.38 sq. km
Ranked 42nd. 8 times more than United States
34.06 sq. km
Ranked 158th.

Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 80th. 1% more than United States
1.04 male(s)/female
Ranked 118th.

Physicians density 2.77 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 16th. 14% more than United States
2.42 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 17th.

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total 22.84 million
Ranked 22nd.
123.43 million
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than United Kingdom

Urban and rural > Rural population 12.86 million
Ranked 22nd.
59.49 million
Ranked 5th. 5 times more than United Kingdom

Migration > Net migration > Per capita 15,734.29 per 1 million people
Ranked 42nd.
19,148.45 per 1 million people
Ranked 34th. 22% more than United Kingdom

Literacy > Total population 99%
Ranked 40th. The same as United States
99%
Ranked 35th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 8.2 million
Ranked 36th.
51.86 million
Ranked 4th. 6 times more than United Kingdom

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages 277,740
Ranked 13th.
2.12 million
Ranked 2nd. 8 times more than United Kingdom

Greek diaspora > Number of Greeks in all countries > Number of ethnic Greeks 112,163 (2001 census) - excludes all British-born Greeks (est. 200,000) (BBC Special: Born Abroad . This figure includes only Greeks born in Greece (35,007) and Cyprus (77,156). The actual number of Greeks (and especially Greek Cypriots) in the UK is much higher.) 1,213,807 (2000 census) (United States of America: ) – an estimated 3,000,000 claim Greek descent (United States Department of State: )
Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent 13.4%
Ranked 58th. 20% more than United States
11.18%
Ranked 93th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 5.06%
Ranked 103th.
5.53%
Ranked 57th. 9% more than United Kingdom

Population, total 63.23 million
Ranked 23th.
313.91 million
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than United Kingdom

Average size of households 2.4
Ranked 10th.
2.6
Ranked 4th. 8% more than United Kingdom
Percentage living in rural areas. 11%
Ranked 174th.
20%
Ranked 156th. 82% more than United Kingdom
Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total 8.01 million
Ranked 36th.
51.62 million
Ranked 4th. 6 times more than United Kingdom

Gender > Women aged 15-49 14.34 million
Ranked 34th.
89.8 million
Ranked 4th. 6 times more than United Kingdom

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages per thousand people 4.46
Ranked 67th.
6.8
Ranked 27th. 52% more than United Kingdom

Population > CIA Factbook 60.94 million
Ranked 22nd.
303.82 million
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than United Kingdom

Number of infant deaths 3,000
Ranked 89th.
25,000
Ranked 39th. 8 times more than United Kingdom

Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people 776.96
Ranked 15th.
805.79
Ranked 17th. 4% more than United Kingdom

Migration > Net migration 947,621
Ranked 8th.
5.68 million
Ranked 2nd. 6 times more than United Kingdom

Population density 253.82
Ranked 37th. 8 times more than United States
33.22
Ranked 145th.

Gender empowerment measure 0.684
Ranked 14th.
0.757
Ranked 10th. 11% more than United Kingdom
Teenage birth rate 30.8
Ranked 2nd.
52.1
Ranked 1st. 69% more than United Kingdom
Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 3.91 million
Ranked 36th.
25.57 million
Ranked 4th. 7 times more than United Kingdom

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total 10.34 million
Ranked 18th.
51.64 million
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than United Kingdom

Life expectancy at birth > Female 82.54 years
Ranked 40th. 2% more than United States
81.17 years
Ranked 53th.

Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 1.98
Ranked 128th. 5% more than United States
1.89
Ranked 134th.

Gender > Gender inequality index 0.205
Ranked 113th.
0.256
Ranked 103th. 25% more than United Kingdom
Age structure > 55-64 years 11.5%
Ranked 60th.
12.3%
Ranked 43th. 7% more than United Kingdom
Age structure > 15-24 years 12.8%
Ranked 184th.
13.7%
Ranked 169th. 7% more than United Kingdom
Gender empowerment 0.684
Ranked 16th.
0.757
Ranked 11th. 11% more than United Kingdom
Percentage living in urban areas 89%
Ranked 28th. 11% more than United States
80%
Ranked 42nd.
Home ownership 69%
Ranked 4th. 6% more than United States
65%
Ranked 7th.
Migration > Foreign worker salaries 3.67 billion
Ranked 20th.
48.31 billion
Ranked 2nd. 13 times more than United Kingdom

Abortion > Abortion rate 17 abortions per 1,000 women
Ranked 6th.
20.8 abortions per 1,000 women
Ranked 3rd. 22% more than United Kingdom
Life expectancy at birth > Male 78.16 years
Ranked 27th. 3% more than United States
76.19 years
Ranked 48th.

Projected population growth 6.87%
Ranked 106th.
45.31%
Ranked 78th. 7 times more than United Kingdom
Elderly population > Elderly Population by region > Percentage of elderly population by country 16%
Ranked 12th. 29% more than United States
12.4%
Ranked 23th.
Age structure > 25-54 years 41.1%
Ranked 105th. 2% more than United States
40.2%
Ranked 117th.
Sex ratio > 15-64 years 1.02
Ranked 68th. 2% more than United States
1
Ranked 105th.

Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 12.9
Ranked 142nd. 2% more than United States
12.7
Ranked 144th.

Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people 217.65
Ranked 85th. 13% more than United States
192.33
Ranked 67th.

Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women 31.8
Ranked 1st. 18% more than United States
26.9
Ranked 5th.
Gender > Global Gender Gap Index 0.744
Ranked 18th. 1% more than United States
0.739
Ranked 23th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita 4.79 per 1,000 people
Ranked 30th. 5 times more than United States
0.92 per 1,000 people
Ranked 66th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 269,363
Ranked 11th.
275,461
Ranked 10th. 2% more than United Kingdom

Nobel prize laureates 100
Ranked 2nd.
270
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than United Kingdom
Teenage pregancy rate 23.58
Ranked 119th.
34.96
Ranked 99th. 48% more than United Kingdom

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people 0.495
Ranked 8th. 6 times more than United States
0.0838
Ranked 10th.
Future population > Females 33.52 million
Ranked 22nd.
185.73 million
Ranked 3rd. 6 times more than United Kingdom

Age at first marriage for women 27.7 years
Ranked 13th. 11% more than United States
25 years
Ranked 19th.
Urbanization 90
Ranked 21st. 17% more than United States
77
Ranked 44th.
Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19 0.8%
Ranked 20th.
5.9%
Ranked 14th. 7 times more than United Kingdom

Infant mortality rate > Total 4.5 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 188th.
5.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 173th. 31% more than United Kingdom

Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 27.1%
Ranked 149th.
29.4%
Ranked 138th. 8% more than United Kingdom
Size of houses 73%
Ranked 3rd. 1% more than United States
72%
Ranked 4th.
Migration > Asylum Seekers 92
Ranked 1st. 6% more than United States
86.4
Ranked 3rd.
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 20%
Ranked 53th. 16% more than United States
17.3%
Ranked 71st.

Number of infant deaths per 1000 0.0474
Ranked 121st.
0.0796
Ranked 117th. 68% more than United Kingdom

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin 156
Ranked 120th.
2,368
Ranked 68th. 15 times more than United Kingdom

Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men 33.2
Ranked 2nd. 15% more than United States
28.8
Ranked 6th.
Gender > Female population per thousand people 506.55
Ranked 70th.
513.11
Ranked 32nd. 1% more than United Kingdom

Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 26.9%
Ranked 16th. 28% more than United States
21%
Ranked 37th.
Urban and rural > Population living in urban agglomerations 137,505
Ranked 10th.
429,882
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than United Kingdom
Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Overseas Chinese > 2005 Population 296,623
Ranked 15th.
3.38 million
Ranked 4th. 11 times more than United Kingdom
GDP per capita > Current US$ $39,093.47
Ranked 22nd.
$51,748.56
Ranked 10th. 32% more than United Kingdom

One person households 11%
Ranked 15th.
26%
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than United Kingdom
Literacy > Female 99%
Ranked 7th. The same as United States
99%
Ranked 15th.
Hospital bed density 3 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 36th. The same as United States
3 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 37th.

Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.8 male(s)/female
Ranked 108th. 4% more than United States
0.77 male(s)/female
Ranked 132nd.

Density and urbanisation > Urban population 55.66 million
Ranked 14th.
251.75 million
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than United Kingdom

Migration > Foreign population 4%
Ranked 15th.
10.4%
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total None None
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 17 years
Ranked 10th. The same as United States
17 years
Ranked 7th.

International migration > Trends in migration > Net migration rate 2.545173 3.429471
Major cities > Population LONDON (capital) 8.615 million; Birmingham 2.296 million; Manchester 2.247 million; West Yorkshire 1.541 million; Glasgow 1.166 million New York-Newark 19.3 million; Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana 12.675 million; Chicago 9.134 million; Miami 5.699 million; WASHINGTON, D.C. (capital) 4.421 million
Urban population > Per capita 0.897 per capita
Ranked 19th. 11% more than United States
0.808 per capita
Ranked 33th.

Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee 319
Ranked 109th.
1,200
Ranked 79th. 4 times more than United Kingdom
Cities > Cities larger than the capital London is the largest urban and metropolitan area. The City of Westminster , in central London, is the seat of government; 62 districts have larger populations than Westminster. New York City , Los Angeles , Chicago , Houston , Philadelphia , Phoenix , San Antonio , San Diego , Dallas , San Jose , Austin , Jacksonville , Indianapolis , San Francisco , Columbus , Fort Worth , Charlotte , Detroit , El Paso , Memphis , Boston , Seattle , Denver ( Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area ranks 4th)
Gender ratio > Whole population 104.4%
Ranked 54th. 1% more than United States
103.3%
Ranked 65th.

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Rural 100% of population
Ranked 20th. 1% more than United States
99% of population
Ranked 38th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 4.1
Ranked 161st.
6
Ranked 149th. 46% more than United Kingdom

Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 54%
Ranked 92nd. 7% more than United States
50.4%
Ranked 119th.
Urban and rural > Female rural population 6.53 million
Ranked 18th.
29.41 million
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than United Kingdom

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 22nd. The same as United States
100% of population
Ranked 3rd.

Contraceptive prevalence rate 84%
Ranked 5th. 10% more than United States
76.4%
Ranked 16th.
Education expenditures 5.6% of GDP
Ranked 30th. 4% more than United States
5.4% of GDP
Ranked 36th.

Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio 106.4
Ranked 28th. 1% more than United States
105.2
Ranked 27th.

Persons per room 0.5
Ranked 57th. The same as United States
0.5
Ranked 60th.
Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people 175.02
Ranked 151st.
200.26
Ranked 139th. 14% more than United Kingdom

Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio 102.8
Ranked 19th. 4% more than United States
99
Ranked 37th.

Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 3.7
Ranked 183th.
4.8
Ranked 158th. 30% more than United Kingdom
Immigration > Commitment to Development Index (immigration) 4.7
Ranked 15th.
5.2
Ranked 13th. 11% more than United Kingdom
International migration > Immigrant population > Foreign-born population 10.1%
Ranked 15th.
13.04%
Ranked 8th. 29% more than United Kingdom
Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 25.78
Ranked 126th.
32.73
Ranked 105th. 27% more than United Kingdom

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 16 years
Ranked 26th. The same as United States
16 years
Ranked 22nd.

Gender development index 0.921
Ranked 14th.
0.927
Ranked 10th. 1% more than United Kingdom
Age at first marriage for men 29.8 years
Ranked 15th. 15% more than United States
26 years
Ranked 19th.
Charity > World Giving Index 5
Ranked 55th. 5 times more than United States
1
Ranked 59th.
Gender > Male population per thousand people 490.16
Ranked 142nd.
496.34
Ranked 103th. 1% more than United Kingdom

Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people 235.92
Ranked 147th.
241.41
Ranked 133th. 2% more than United Kingdom

Urban and rural > Population living in urban agglomerations per thousand people 2.33
Ranked 13th. 53% more than United States
1.52
Ranked 6th.
Religions Christian (Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Methodist) 71.6%, Muslim 2.7%, Hindu 1%, other 1.6%, unspecified or none 23.1% Protestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon 1.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Jewish 1.7%, Buddhist 0.7%, Muslim 0.6%, other or unspecified 2.5%, unaffiliated 12.1%, none 4%
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 17 years
Ranked 9th.
18 years
Ranked 7th. 6% more than United Kingdom

Population, total per 1000 1,000
Ranked 126th. The same as United States
1,000
Ranked 66th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5 > Per 1,000 live births 4.8
Ranked 163th.
7.1
Ranked 149th. 48% more than United Kingdom

Population in largest city 8.51 million
Ranked 18th.
18.72 million
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than United Kingdom

Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 16%
Ranked 26th. 26% more than United States
12.7%
Ranked 49th.

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 22%
Ranked 41st. 18% more than United States
18.7%
Ranked 52nd.

Population > CIA Factbook per capita 0.993
Ranked 106th.
0.999
Ranked 94th. 1% more than United Kingdom

Drinking water source > Improved > Rural 100% of population
Ranked 24th. 6% more than United States
94% of population
Ranked 79th.
Cities > Urban population per thousand people 1.27e-06
Ranked 186th. 5 times more than United States
2.64e-07
Ranked 214th.

Urban and rural > Male rural population 6.33 million
Ranked 19th.
30.08 million
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than United Kingdom

Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > National estimate, per 100,000 live births 7
Ranked 15th.
12.7
Ranked 41st. 81% more than United Kingdom

Elderly living with children 16%
Ranked 5th. 7% more than United States
15%
Ranked 6th.
Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 90.39
Ranked 28th. 23% more than United States
73.75
Ranked 44th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males 5.29 million
Ranked 37th.
31.26 million
Ranked 6th. 6 times more than United Kingdom

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 5.55 million
Ranked 12th.
22.43 million
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than United Kingdom

Couples with children 52%
Ranked 13th. 2 times more than United States
25%
Ranked 22nd.
Median age > Both sexes 40.5
Ranked 24th. 10% more than United States
36.9
Ranked 3rd.
Refugee population by country or territory of asylum per 1000 3.08
Ranked 42nd. 4 times more than United States
0.85
Ranked 76th.

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over has completed five or more years of schooling age 15 and over can read and write
Infant mortality rate > Female 4.05 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 191st.
5.22 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 172nd. 29% more than United Kingdom

Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females 26.4 years
Ranked 7th. About the same as United States
26.3 years
Ranked 8th.
Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 10
Ranked 16th.
74
Ranked 3rd. 7 times more than United Kingdom
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Australian citizens > Conditions of access visa-free ESTA required
Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 5
Ranked 17th.
41
Ranked 3rd. 8 times more than United Kingdom
Density and urbanisation > Rural population 6.17 million
Ranked 64th.
55.26 million
Ranked 10th. 9 times more than United Kingdom

Attitude of women > Should have equal rights 73%
Ranked 3rd. 18% more than United States
62%
Ranked 7th.
Migration > Asylum Seekers per million 1.56
Ranked 11th. 5 times more than United States
0.303
Ranked 21st.
Urban population per 1000 897.03
Ranked 16th. 11% more than United States
810.44
Ranked 33th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Females 5.04 million
Ranked 37th.
29.89 million
Ranked 6th. 6 times more than United Kingdom

Attitude of women > Women do have equal rights 9%
Ranked 5th. 13% more than United States
8%
Ranked 6th.
Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19 0.1%
Ranked 21st.
4.2%
Ranked 5th. 42 times more than United Kingdom

GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$ $37,790.26
Ranked 15th.
$45,335.90
Ranked 10th. 20% more than United Kingdom

Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births 12
Ranked 145th.
21
Ranked 133th. 75% more than United Kingdom

Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country 4,600
Ranked 38th. 92% more than United States
2,400
Ranked 49th.

Languages English English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 2.7%, other 0.7%
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female 17.7%
Ranked 37th. 13% more than United States
15.7%
Ranked 43th.

Migration > International migrant stock > Total 5.84 million
Ranked 9th.
39.27 million
Ranked 2nd. 7 times more than United Kingdom

Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million 15.69 million
Ranked 16th.
128.33 million
Ranked 2nd. 8 times more than United Kingdom

Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia 0.58
Ranked 120th. 14% more than United States
0.51
Ranked 124th.

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people 165.35
Ranked 21st. 25% more than United States
131.88
Ranked 41st.

Gender ratio > Babies 95%
Ranked 124th.
95.2%
Ranked 116th. About the same as United Kingdom

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000 86.13
Ranked 162nd.
102.79
Ranked 142nd. 19% more than United Kingdom

Age structure > 0-14 years > Females per 1000 82.04
Ranked 162nd.
98.29
Ranked 142nd. 20% more than United Kingdom

Fertility > Mortality rate, neonatal > Per 1,000 live births 3
Ranked 159th.
4.1
Ranked 147th. 37% more than United Kingdom

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage 84%
Ranked 1st. 10% more than United States
76.4%
Ranked 4th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Modern methods 84%
Ranked 1st. 19% more than United States
70.4%
Ranked 3rd.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom 27%
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than United States
11.8%
Ranked 5th.

Lone parent families 10%
Ranked 2nd. 11% more than United States
9%
Ranked 6th.
Cities > Rate of urbanization 0.5%
Ranked 180th.
1.3%
Ranked 137th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
Urban and rural > Females living in urban agglomerations per thousand people 1.21
Ranked 10th. 53% more than United States
0.787
Ranked 5th.
Gender ratio > Aged over 60 126.1%
Ranked 77th.
129.9%
Ranked 64th. 3% more than United Kingdom

Rural population 6.2 million
Ranked 68th.
56.91 million
Ranked 9th. 9 times more than United Kingdom

Population in largest city > Per capita 0.141 per capita
Ranked 62nd. 2 times more than United States
0.063 per capita
Ranked 105th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female 17 years
Ranked 9th.
18 years
Ranked 7th. 6% more than United Kingdom
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female None None
Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women 0.4
Ranked 17th.
2.8
Ranked 13th. 7 times more than United Kingdom
Literacy > Male 99%
Ranked 50th. The same as United States
99%
Ranked 44th.

Drinking water source > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 17th. 1% more than United States
99% of population
Ranked 12th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 16 years
Ranked 19th. The same as United States
16 years
Ranked 15th.

Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > African diaspora, population 2.08 million
Ranked 8th.
42.02 million
Ranked 2nd. 20 times more than United Kingdom
Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent 72%
Ranked 4th. 26% more than United States
57%
Ranked 13th.
Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men 126.1
Ranked 77th.
129.9
Ranked 64th. 3% more than United Kingdom

Gender ratio > Aged over 80 194.7%
Ranked 48th. 4% more than United States
186.6%
Ranked 57th.

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 60 126.1
Ranked 77th.
129.9
Ranked 64th. 3% more than United Kingdom

Elderly population > Elderly Population by region > Percentage of elderly population by country per million 0.259%
Ranked 23th. 6 times more than United States
0.0404%
Ranked 30th.
Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000 68.19
Ranked 14th. 28% more than United States
53.48
Ranked 43th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 67.1%
Ranked 76th. The same as United States
67.1%
Ranked 75th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 16.9%
Ranked 178th.
20.1%
Ranked 157th. 19% more than United Kingdom

Gender ratio > Rural population 102.8%
Ranked 19th. 4% more than United States
99%
Ranked 37th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, female > Per 1,000 live births 4.3
Ranked 162nd.
6.4
Ranked 149th. 49% more than United Kingdom

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births 5.3
Ranked 162nd.
7.8
Ranked 149th. 47% more than United Kingdom

Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000 66.3
Ranked 167th.
72.63
Ranked 156th. 10% more than United Kingdom
Total population > Age 20-24 per 1000 65.3
Ranked 170th.
70.89
Ranked 156th. 9% more than United Kingdom
Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million > Per capita 0.261 per capita
Ranked 35th.
0.433 per capita
Ranked 12th. 66% more than United Kingdom

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 17 years
Ranked 14th. The same as United States
17 years
Ranked 11th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 16 years
Ranked 17th. 7% more than United States
15 years
Ranked 32nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people 46.42
Ranked 12th. 27% more than United States
36.67
Ranked 30th.

Future population change per thousand people 5.7
Ranked 141st.
9.1
Ranked 125th. 60% more than United Kingdom

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people 656.34
Ranked 91st.
677.3
Ranked 56th. 3% more than United Kingdom

Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given 223
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than United States
52
Ranked 83th.
International migrant stock, total 6.45 million
Ranked 8th.
42.81 million
Ranked 2nd. 7 times more than United Kingdom

Urbanization > Urban population 80 82
Attitude of women > Women are better off now 93%
Ranked 5th. The same as United States
93%
Ranked 4th.
Rural population > Per capita 103 per 1,000 people
Ranked 175th.
192 per 1,000 people
Ranked 159th. 86% more than United Kingdom

Gender development 0.925
Ranked 12th.
0.937
Ranked 4th. 1% more than United Kingdom
Health expenditures 9.3% of GDP
Ranked 36th.
17.9% of GDP
Ranked 3rd. 92% more than United Kingdom

Female population > Age 95-99 81,105
Ranked 7th.
343,315
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than United Kingdom
Female population > Age 100-104 per million 272.32
Ranked 4th. 25% more than United States
217.88
Ranked 5th.
Fertility > Number of maternal deaths 92
Ranked 92nd.
880
Ranked 45th. 10 times more than United Kingdom

Oldest people > By nation of death or current residence > Died 17 March 1993 30 December 1999
Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent 56%
Ranked 34th.
71%
Ranked 3rd. 27% more than United Kingdom
Attitude of women > Women are happier now 42%
Ranked 2nd. 50% more than United States
28%
Ranked 7th.
Migration > Asylum seekers acceptance rates > 1990-99 43.4%
Ranked 6th.
43.9%
Ranked 5th. 1% more than United Kingdom
Urbanization in 1975 88.7%
Ranked 3rd. 20% more than United States
73.7%
Ranked 22nd.
Elderly living in institution 5%
Ranked 14th.
6%
Ranked 9th. 20% more than United Kingdom
Age structure > 15-64 years > Males 20.7 million
Ranked 22nd.
101.83 million
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than United Kingdom

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females 20.19 million
Ranked 22nd.
102.16 million
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than United Kingdom

Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000 337.15
Ranked 63th. 1% more than United States
334.85
Ranked 68th.

Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged 40 to 59 3.7%
Ranked 33th.
5.1%
Ranked 22nd. 38% more than United Kingdom

Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39 0.2%
Ranked 17th.
0.4%
Ranked 13th. Twice as much as United Kingdom

Immigration > Country of birth of Australian resident population per thousand people 19.03
Ranked 8th. 88 times more than United States
0.217
Ranked 43th.
Migration > New citizenships 82.2 thousand
Ranked 5th.
898 thousand
Ranked 1st. 11 times more than United Kingdom
Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000 32.35
Ranked 167th.
35.37
Ranked 156th. 9% more than United Kingdom
Total Population > Female 30.63 million
Ranked 22nd.
151.78 million
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than United Kingdom
Male population > Age 20-24 per 1000 33.37
Ranked 170th.
36.39
Ranked 154th. 9% more than United Kingdom
Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000 33.95
Ranked 166th.
37.27
Ranked 155th. 10% more than United Kingdom
Female population > Age 95-99 per million 1,346.72
Ranked 7th. 16% more than United States
1,161.75
Ranked 11th.
Future population > Females per thousand people 503.02
Ranked 88th.
516.35
Ranked 57th. 3% more than United Kingdom
Gender ratio > Aged over 65 > Women per 100 men 134.1
Ranked 73th.
138
Ranked 60th. 3% more than United Kingdom

Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men 194.7
Ranked 48th. 4% more than United States
186.6
Ranked 57th.

Gender ratio > Aged over 65 134.1%
Ranked 73th.
138%
Ranked 60th. 3% more than United Kingdom

International migration > Migration and unemployment > Unemployment rate of native-born men 5.54%
Ranked 12th.
5.76%
Ranked 11th. 4% more than United Kingdom
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada per thousand people 9.57
Ranked 21st. 11 times more than United States
0.84
Ranked 97th.
Female population > Age 40-44 per 1000 39.65
Ranked 34th. 4% more than United States
38.05
Ranked 46th.
Total population > Age 35-39 per 1000 76.89
Ranked 52nd. 8% more than United States
71.16
Ranked 79th.
Total population > Age 40-44 per 1000 80.81
Ranked 31st. 7% more than United States
75.63
Ranked 45th.
Male population > Age 25-29 per 1000 32.55
Ranked 170th.
34.98
Ranked 156th. 7% more than United Kingdom
Male population > Age 75-79 per 1000 13.73
Ranked 15th. 31% more than United States
10.48
Ranked 43th.
Female population > Age 20-24 1.92 million
Ranked 24th.
10.19 million
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than United Kingdom
Female population > Age 90-94 per 1000 4.19
Ranked 7th. 16% more than United States
3.62
Ranked 14th.
Male population > Age 10-14 1.94 million
Ranked 29th.
10.52 million
Ranked 5th. 5 times more than United Kingdom
Female population > Age 10-14 1.85 million
Ranked 29th.
10.02 million
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than United Kingdom
Total Population > Thousands 60,441
Ranked 22nd.
295,734
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than United Kingdom
Women > Maternal mortality ratio > Reported 7
Ranked 134th.
8
Ranked 132nd. 14% more than United Kingdom
Oldest people > By nation of death or current residence > Born 1 August 1877 24 September 1880
Migration > Asylum Seekers > 1990-99 per million 6.53
Ranked 9th. 82% more than United States
3.6
Ranked 15th.
Migration > Refugees > Inflow 1990-99 per million 2.39
Ranked 13th.
4.36
Ranked 10th. 82% more than United Kingdom
HIV/AIDS > People living with HIV/AIDS 85,000
Ranked 44th.
1.2 million
Ranked 8th. 14 times more than United Kingdom

Population, female > % of total 50.75%
Ranked 61st.
50.81%
Ranked 56th. About the same as United Kingdom

International migration > Migration and unemployment > Unemployment rate of the foreign-born men 7.43%
Ranked 12th. 81% more than United States
4.11%
Ranked 20th.
Survival to age 65, male > % of cohort 85.71%
Ranked 23th. 6% more than United States
80.8%
Ranked 47th.

Survival to age 65, female > % of cohort 90.73%
Ranked 33th. 3% more than United States
88%
Ranked 48th.

Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults 58.42
Ranked 160th.
79.04
Ranked 130th. 35% more than United Kingdom

Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population 5%
Ranked 141st. The same as United States
5%
Ranked 120th.

Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female > % 46.2%
Ranked 42nd. 11% more than United States
41.7%
Ranked 53th.

Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Sweden per thousand people 0.349
Ranked 20th. 6 times more than United States
0.057
Ranked 24th.
Total population > Age 45-49 > % of the total 7.1
Ranked 57th.
7.62
Ranked 32nd. 7% more than United Kingdom
Female population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 1.8
Ranked 32nd. 27% more than United States
1.42
Ranked 48th.
Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000 9.16
Ranked 20th. 27% more than United States
7.24
Ranked 34th.
Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 per million people 0.0473
Ranked 36th.
0.0663
Ranked 24th. 40% more than United Kingdom
Migration > New citizenships > Per $ GDP 0.046 per $1 billion
Ranked 14th.
0.076 per $1 billion
Ranked 11th. 65% more than United Kingdom
Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access 100%
Ranked 19th. About the same as United States
99.6%
Ranked 40th.

Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 0.91
Ranked 25th. 26% more than United States
0.72
Ranked 50th.
Number of under-five deaths 4,000
Ranked 85th.
29,000
Ranked 43th. 7 times more than United Kingdom

Male population > Age 85-89 > % of the total 0.43
Ranked 14th. 13% more than United States
0.38
Ranked 19th.
Female population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 1.46
Ranked 39th. 26% more than United States
1.16
Ranked 62nd.
Fertility > Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49 84%
Ranked 1st. 7% more than United States
78.6%
Ranked 5th.

Fertility > Low-birthweight babies > % of births 7.6%
Ranked 46th.
7.8%
Ranked 12th. 3% more than United Kingdom
Emigration rate of tertiary educated > % of total tertiary educated population 17.07%
Ranked 72nd. 38 times more than United States
0.451%
Ranked 189th.

Male population > Age 90-94 > % of the total 0.14
Ranked 12th. The same as United States
0.14
Ranked 14th.
Labor force participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15-64 70%
Ranked 47th. 5% more than United States
66.5%
Ranked 64th.

Labor force participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15-64 76%
Ranked 45th. 6% more than United States
72%
Ranked 69th.

Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, male > % 61.2%
Ranked 48th. 18% more than United States
51.9%
Ranked 98th.

Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults 94.99
Ranked 166th.
134.94
Ranked 138th. 42% more than United Kingdom

Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Greater London 5.18 million
Ranked 1st. 81 times more than United States
63,920
Ranked 14th.
Age dependency ratio, old > % of working-age population 26.28%
Ranked 17th. 29% more than United States
20.42%
Ranked 38th.

Male population > Age 95-99 18,951
Ranked 8th.
99,372
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than United Kingdom
Female population > Age 85-89 > % of the total 0.89
Ranked 14th. 20% more than United States
0.74
Ranked 26th.
Male population > Age 70-74 per 1000 17.6
Ranked 18th. 36% more than United States
12.93
Ranked 48th.
Population > Female > % of total 51.1%
Ranked 50th. 1% more than United States
50.8%
Ranked 63th.

Urban and rural > Male rural population per thousand people 107.1
Ranked 75th. 10% more than United States
97.25
Ranked 61st.

SOURCES: United Nations Population Division. Source tables; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision and World Urbanization Prospects: http://esa.un.org/unpp; UN (United Nations). 2002. World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. New York; divorcereform.org2004; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; World Development Indicators database; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations, Monthly Bulletin of Statistics, April 2001; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. 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Source tables; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Economic Commission for Europe Statistical Division, Trends in Europe and North America 2001 (UN Economic Commission for Europe, NY, 2001), p. 74; Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2003 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights. Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Estimates developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Food and Agriculture Organisation and World Bank population estimates.; UNDP, Human Development Report 2002 (Oxford University Press, NY, 2002); see p. 35; UNICEF; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Repot (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database; United Nations Development Programme. Source tables; Human Development Reports, United Nations 2002; Economist, 30 March 2002, and Euromonitor; World Bank staff estimates based on IMF balance of payments data.; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a12, Abortion rate; Population Reference Bureau, 2001 World Population Data Sheet, Washington, DC: PRB, 2001. via ciesin.org; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GenderGap_Report_2012.pdf. World Economic Forum, 2012. Table 3a, p. 8 ff.; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Statistical Yearbook and data files, complemented by statistics on Palestinian refugees under the mandate of the UNRWA as published on its website. Data from UNHCR are available online at: www.unhcr.org/statistics/populationdatabase.; The Nobel Foundation; United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects.; CIA World Factbook 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Source tables, Population projections.; 1980 figures and 1999 figures for EU countries are from European Social Statistics Demography 2001. Australian figures are from ABS, Year Book Australia 2003 - Population. Marriages and Divorces and the latest figure is for 2001. Figures for other European and North American countries come from UN Economic Commission for Europe, Trends in Europe and North America 2001 (UN, NY, 2001). New Zealand figures from Maureen Baker, Families, Labour and Love (Allen & Unwin, Sydney, 2001). Japanese figures from Japan Almanac 1998 (Asahi Shimbun, Tokyo). Figures for other countries from UN Statistics Division, The World's Women 2000: Trends and Statistics. Spanish Statistical Institute; Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights (ESA/P/WP.173, 20 March 2002); http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a22, Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19; Figures are all from the market analysts Euromonitor. See also Japan Almanac 1998 (Asahi Shimbun, Tokyo, 1998; OECD; Estimates developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: Overseas Chinese; World Bank national accounts data; OECD; World Bank Staff estimates based on United Nations, World Urbanisation Prospects.; Wikipedia: List of countries by refugee population (By Country of Asylum); Wikipedia: List of national capitals and largest cities by country (Countries); United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Secretariat and United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (Habitat), Compendium of Human Settlement Statistics 2001 (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.01.XVII.5), Compendium of Human Settlement Statistics 1995 (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.95.XVII.11) and United Nations, Compendium of Human Settlements Statistics 1983 (United Nations publication, Sales No. E/F.84.XVII.5); United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; cgdev.org/cdi; UNDP, Human Development Report 2002 (Oxford University Press, NY, 2002); Wikipedia: World Giving Index (World Giving Index); United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, and Demographic and Health Surveys by ICF International.; Richard Disney and Edward Whitehouse, 'The Economic Well-Being of Older People in International Perspective: A Critical Review' (LIS Working Paper 306, June 2002), p. 7; https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2177.html, median age; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Statistical Yearbook and data files, complemented by statistics on Palestinian refugees under the mandate of the UNRWA as published on its website. Data from UNHCR are available online at: www.unhcr.org/statistics/populationdatabase. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: List of urban areas by population (Number of urban areas by country) (Demographia World Urban Areas (World Agglomerations): 9th Annual Edition, March 2013); Wikipedia: Visa requirements for Australian citizens (Africa); Demographia World Urban Areas (Built-Up Urban Areas and World Agglomerations): 10th Annual Edition, May 2014 Revision, Table 1, p. 20 ff.); The data on urban population shares used to estimate rural population come from the United Nations, World Urbanisation Prospects. Total population figures are World Bank estimates.; Economist, 9 October 1999; OECD. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Bank national accounts data; Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2010. Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank.; United Nations Population Division, Trends in Total Migrant Stock: 2008 Revision.; Wikipedia: Visa policy of Australia (Modified Non-Return Rate) (Modified Non-Return Rate Quarterly Report Ending at 30 June 2013, ); United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: Urbanization by country (Countries) ([1] United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs); United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: African diaspora (Largest 15 African diaspora populations); United Nations Statistics Division Original html; United Nations Statistics Division Source tables; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center; Wikipedia: Oldest people; OECD; Annex to GECD Society at a Glance 2002., Statistical Annex Table C6; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Australian Bureau of Statistics, "Migration, Australia, 2011-12 and 2012-13" (XLS), "Estimated resident population, Country of birth, State/territory, Age and sex - 30 June 2011", 18 December 2013. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute; Source tables, Population projections. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2006/dp-pd/hlt/97-557/T404-eng.cfm?Lang=E&T=404&GH=4&GF=1&SC=1&S=1&O=D. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute; UNICEF; OECD. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; The United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects.; United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/wpp/unpp/panel_population.htm.; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/wpp/unpp/panel_population.htm, (2) University of California, Berkeley, and Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research. Human Mortality Database. [ www.mortality.org or www.humanmortality.de].; Food and Agriculture Organization; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; Wikipedia: Immigration to Sweden (25 largest immigrant populations by country of origin). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of urban areas by population (Number of urban areas by country) (Demographia World Urban Areas (World Agglomerations): 9th Annual Edition, March 2013). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply and Sanitation (http://www.wssinfo.org/).; Household surveys, including Demographic and Health Surveys by Macro International and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys by UNICEF.; Frxe9dxe9ric Docquier, B. Lindsay Lowell, and Abdeslam Marfouk's , "A Gendered Assessment of Highly Skilled Emigration" (2009).; "A summary of countries of birth in London". Census Update (Office for National Statistics) 2011.; World Bank staff estimates