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Country vs country: United Kingdom and United States compared: Health

Definitions

  • Access to sanitation: The percentage of the total population with access to sanitation facilities
  • Births by caesarean section: Number of births by caesarean section per 1000 live births (year 2000).
  • Consultation with doctors: Average number of visits to a doctor per person per year Data is for 2000.
  • Daily smokers: Data on tobacco consumption - this is a percentage of the total population who smoke at least one cigarette a day.(Data for Portugal and Austria is from 2002. All other data is from 2003).
  • Death from cancer: Cancer death incidence (per 100 000 population) for year 2000.
  • Dependency ratio per 100: Dependency ratio (per 100), 2003
  • Drug access: Population with access to essential drugs 2000. The data on access to essential drugs are based on statistical estimates received from World Health Organization (WHO) country and regional offices and regional advisers and through the World Drug Situation Survey carried out in 1998-99. These estimates represent the best information available to the WHO Department of Essential Drugs and Medicines Policy to date and are currently being validated by WHO member states. The department assigns the estimates to four groupings: very low access (0-49%), low access (50-79%), medium access (80-94%) and good access (95-100%). These groupings, used here in presenting the data, are often employed by the WHO in interpreting the data, as the actual estimates may suggest a higher level of accuracy than the data afford. b.
  • HIV AIDS > Deaths: An estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year.
  • Heart disease deaths: Heart disease deaths per 100000 population (1995-1998)
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Maternal mortality: Maternal mortality reported per 100,000 births 1985-1999. The maternal mortality data are those reported by national authorities. UNICEF and the World Health Organization periodically evaluate these data and make adjustments to account for the well-documented problems of under-reporting and misclassification of maternal deaths and to develop estimates for countries with no data (for details on the most recent estimates see Hill, AbouZahr and Wardlaw 2001). Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified.
  • Obesity: Percentage of total population who have a BMI (body mass index) greater than 30 Kg/sq.meters (Data for Australia, Austria and Portugal is from 2002. All other data is from 2003). Obesity rates are defined as the percentage of the population with a Body Mass Index (BMI) over 30. The BMI is a single number that evaluates an individual's weight status in relation to height (weight/height2, with weight in kilograms and height in metres). For Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States, figures are based on health examinations, rather than self-reported information. Obesity estimates derived from health examinations are generally higher and more reliable than those coming from self-reports, because they preclude any misreporting of people's height and weight. However, health examinations are only conducted regularly in a few countries (OECD).
  • Red Cross donations: Amounts of the contributions to the International Committee of the Red Cross by the Council of Europe member states and states with an observer status in the PACE in the period from 1996 to 2000 (in Swiss Francs)
  • Spending > Per person: Spending per capita (PPP) in $US 1998.
  • Teen birth rate: Average number of births for every 1,000 girls aged 15 to 19
  • Nurses: Number of nurses per 1,000 people. Data is for 2000.
  • Life expectancy > Healthy years: Estimated number of years of life while healthy, as defined by the OECD. Estimates for 2001. See source for details.
  • Suicide rate > Gender ratio: Suicide rates per 100,000 people
  • Death rates > Men: Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages."
  • SARS total cases: Total cases of SARS in given countries
  • Births > Low birth weight: Percentage of live births classified by the OECD as of low birth weight. Data generally for 2000; in some cases, data is for 1999, 1998, or, in the sole case of Belgium, 1997. Refer to the source for details.
  • Acute care beds: Number of beds for acute care per 1,000 people (Data is for 2001).
  • Respiratory disease deaths: Diseases of the respiratory system deaths per 100,000 population (1995-1998)
  • Total fertility rate: Total fertility rate, 2003
  • Digestive disease deaths: Diseases of the digestive system deaths per 100,000 population (1995-1998)
  • Duration of hospitalisation: Average length of stay in a hospital per patient admitted to acute care (2000).
  • Child maltreatment deaths: Child maltreatment deaths per 100000 population under 15 (1990s).
  • Intestinal diseases death rate: Death rate from intestinal infectious diseases
    Units: Deaths/100,000 Population
    Units: The final number is based on an aggregation of deaths recorded for WHO code B01 for all age groups by sex. These were then combined with UN Population Division population data for the country in that particular year. The death rates were standardized utilizing the age structure for the population of Canada. See page 22 of the2001 ESI report for more details on the methodology.
  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Circulatory disease deaths: Standardised death rates per 100 000 population (1999).
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Life expectancy > Male: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Stomach cancer deaths: Stomach cancer deaths per 100,000 population (1995-1998)
  • Tobacco > Cigarrete imports: Millions of cigarettes imported in 2000.
  • Life expectancy > Female: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • SARS fatalities: Number of deaths
  • Children living with AIDS: People living with HIV/AIDS, children (age 0-14)
  • Death rates > Infants: Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year."
  • Spending > Public: World Bank. 2002. World Development Indicators 2002. CD-ROM. Washington, DC.
  • Death rates > Women: Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages."
  • Child injury death index: Child injury death" index is defined as the annual number of deaths from injuries (unintentional and intentional) among 1 to 14 year old children per 10,000 children of those ages.
  • Spending > Private: Private expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP 1998.
  • Smoking rate > Women: Prevalence of smoking, female is the percentage of women ages 15 and over who smoke any form of tobacco, including cigarettes, cigars, and pipes, and excluding smokeless tobacco. Data include daily and non-daily smoking."
  • SARS median age range: Median age range for SARS infected persons
  • Daily smokers > 1990: Data on tobacco consumption - this is a percentage of the total population who smoked at least one cigarette a day in 1990.
  • Health services > Outpatient visits per capita: Outpatient visits per capita are the number of visits to health care facilities per capita, including repeat visits."
  • Health services > Physicians > Per 1,000 people: Physicians include generalist and specialist medical practitioners.
  • Health spending > % of GDP: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation."
  • Health spending per capita: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Nutrition > Depth of hunger > Kilocalories per person per day: Depth of hunger or the intensity of food deprivation, indicates how much food-deprived people fall short of minimum food needs in terms of dietary energy. The food deficit, in kilocalories per person per day, is measured by comparing the average amount of dietary energy that undernourished people get from the foods they eat with the minimum amount of dietary energy they need to maintain body weight and undertake light activity. The depth of hunger is low when it is less than 200 kilocalories per person per day, and high when it is higher than 300 kilocalories per person per day."
  • Nutrition > Low-birthweight babies > % of births: Low-birthweight babies are newborns weighing less than 2,500 grams, with the measurement taken within the first hours of life, before significant postnatal weight loss has occurred."
  • Nutrition > Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population: Population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (also referred to as prevalence of undernourishment) shows the percentage of the population whose food intake is insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements continuously. Data showing as 2.5 signifies a prevalence of undernourishment below 2.5%.
  • Private health spending > % of GDP: Private health expenditure includes direct household (out-of-pocket) spending, private insurance, charitable donations, and direct service payments by private corporations."
  • Public health spending > % of GDP: Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organisations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds."
  • Public health spending > % of government spending: Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organisations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds."
  • Public health spending > % of total health spending: Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organisations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds. Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation."
  • Reproductive health > Births attended by skilled health staff > % of total: Births attended by skilled health staff are the percentage of deliveries attended by personnel trained to give the necessary supervision, care, and advice to women during pregnancy, labor, and the postpartum period; to conduct deliveries on their own; and to care for newborns."
  • Reproductive health > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate > Per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence."
  • Reproductive health > Use of birth control > Women over 15: Contraceptive prevalence rate is the percentage of women who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for married women ages 15-49 only."
  • Risk factors > Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people: Incidence of tuberculosis is the estimated number of new pulmonary, smear positive, and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis cases."
  • Risk factors > Prevalence of HIV > Total > % of population ages 15-49: Prevalence of HIV refers to the percentage of people ages 15-49 who are infected with HIV.
  • Survival rate > To age 65 > Men: Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates."
  • Survival rate > To age 65 > Women: Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates."
  • Total expenditure on health as % of GDP: Total expenditure on health as % of GDP, 2002
  • Probability of reaching 65 > Male: Probability at birth of reaching the age of 65.
  • Percentage of life lived in ill health > Female: Estimated percentage of total years of expected lifespan to be lived in ill health. Estimated for females at birth. Data for 2001. See source for further details.
  • Tuberculosis cases > Per 100,000: Tuberculosis cases (per 100,000 people)
  • Years lived in ill health > Female: Average number of years that females will live in ill health; estimated at birth. Data for 2001. See source for details.
  • Drinking water availability %: Coverage estimates shown are derived from information collected from two main sources: assessment questionnaires and household surveys. Assessment questionnaires were sent to all WHO country representatives, to be completed in liaison with local UNICEF st
  • Private expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health: Private expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health, 2002
  • Years lived in ill health > Male: Average number of years that males will live in ill health; estimated at birth. Data for 2001. See source for details.
  • Respiratory disease child death rate: Child death rate from respiratory diseases
    Units: Deaths/100,000 Population Aged 0-14
    Units: The final number is based on an aggregation of deaths recorded for WHO codes B31 and B320, and B321, by sex and by age. These were then combined with UN Population Division population data broken down by age group to produce rates. See page 22 of the 2001 ESI report for more details on the methodology.
  • Health care funding > Private per capita: Private funding of health care expenditure, in US $ PPP per capita. Data for 2000.
  • Public spending as % of total: Public expenditure on health as a % of total expenditure on health (Data for year 2002).
  • Per capita total expenditure on health in international dollars: Per capita total expenditure on health in international dollars, 2002
  • Per capita government expenditure on health in international dollars: Per capita government expenditure on health in international dollars, 2002
  • % of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Total: Health - % of population using adequate sanitation facilities 2000 - Total
  • Health care funding > Public per capita: Public funding of health care expenditure, in US $ PPP per capita. Data for 2000.
  • Probability of dying before 5 > Females: Probability of females dying before reaching the age of 5. (2003)
  • Life expectancy at birth > Years > Males: Life expectancy at birth (years) 2003 - Males
  • Out-of-pocket expenditure as % of private health expenditure: Out-of-pocket expenditure on health as % of private expenditure on health, 2002
  • Life expectancy > Female healthy years: Number of years of life while 'healthy', as defined by the OECD. Estimates for 2001. See source for details.
  • Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Total population: Healthy life expectancy at birth (years) 2002 - Total population
  • Percentage of life lived in ill health > Males: Estimated percentage of total years of expected lifespan to be lived in ill health. Estimated for males at birth. Data for 2001. See source for further details.
  • Probability of reaching 65 > Female: Probability at birth of reaching the age of 65.
  • % immunized 1-year-old children > DPT3: Health - % immunized 2002 1-year-old children - DPT3
  • Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Females: Healthy life expectancy at birth (years) 2002 - Females
  • % of population using improved drinking water sources > Total: Health - % of population using improved drinking water sources 2000 - Total
  • Life expectancy at birth > Years > Females: Life expectancy at birth (years) 2003 - Females
  • Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Males: Healthy life expectancy at birth (years) 2002 - Males
  • Prepaid plans as % of private expenditure on health: Prepaid plans as % of private expenditure on health, 2002
  • External resources for health as % of total expenditure on health: External resources for health as % of total expenditure on health, 2002
  • % of population using improved drinking water sources > Rural: Health - % of population using improved drinking water sources 2000 - Rural.
  • % of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Rural: Health - % of population using adequate sanitation facilities 2000 - Rural
  • % of population using improved drinking water sources > Urban: Health - % of population using improved drinking water sources 2000 - Urban
  • Births with health staff: Births attended by skilled health staff. Definitions of skilled health staff may vary across countries. Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified or to a running average for a series of years surrounding the period 1995 to 2000.
  • % of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Urban: Health - % of population using adequate sanitation facilities 2000 - Urban
  • HIV AIDS > Women living with aids 15-49: People living with HIV/AIDS, women (age 15-49)
  • SARS fatality ratio %: Case fatality ratio (%)
  • SARS female cases %: Percentage of the female population relative to the total infected population
  • HIVAIDS > Adult prevalence rate 15-49 years,: Health - HIV/AIDS - Adult prevalence rate (15-49 years), end-2001
  • Obesity > Overweight and obese population aged 15 or more: The most frequently used measure of overweight and obesity is based on the body mass index (BMI), which is a single number that evaluates an individual’s weight status in relation to height (weight/height2, with weight in kilograms and height in meters). Based on the WHO current classification, adults with a BMI between 25 and 30 are defined as overweight, and those with a BMI over 30 as obese.
  • Obesity > Overweight and obese population aged 15 or more > Males: The most frequently used measure of overweight and obesity is based on the body mass index (BMI), which is a single number that evaluates an individual’s weight status in relation to height (weight/height2, with weight in kilograms and height in meters). Based on the WHO current classification, adults with a BMI between 25 and 30 are defined as overweight, and those with a BMI over 30 as obese.
  • Infant mortality > Infant mortality: The infant mortality rate is the number of deaths of children under one year of age expressed per 1 000 live births. Neonatal mortality refers to the death of children under 28 days.
  • Mortality > Completeness of infant death reporting > % of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths: Completeness of infant death reporting is the number of infant deaths reported by national statistics authorities to the United Nations Statistics Division's Demography Yearbook divided by the number of infant deaths estimated by the United Nations Population Division.
  • Life expectancy > Life expectancy at birth > Total: Life expectancy measures how long on average people would live based on a given set of age-specific death rates. However, the actual age-specific death rates of any particular birth cohort cannot be known in advance. If age-specific death rates are falling (as has been the case over the past decades in OECD countries), actual life spans will be higher than life expectancy calculated with current death rates.
  • Obesity > Obese population aged 15 or more > Females: The most frequently used measure of overweight and obesity is based on the body mass index (BMI), which is a single number that evaluates an individual’s weight status in relation to height (weight/height2, with weight in kilograms and height in meters). Based on the WHO current classification, adults with a BMI between 25 and 30 are defined as overweight, and those with a BMI over 30 as obese.
  • Obesity > Overweight population aged 15 or more: The most frequently used measure of overweight and obesity is based on the body mass index (BMI), which is a single number that evaluates an individual’s weight status in relation to height (weight/height2, with weight in kilograms and height in meters). Based on the WHO current classification, adults with a BMI between 25 and 30 are defined as overweight, and those with a BMI over 30 as obese.
  • Mortality > Completeness of total death reporting > % of reported total deaths to estimated total deaths: Completeness of total death reporting is the number of total deaths reported by national statistics authorities to the United Nations Statistics Division's Demography Yearbook divided by the number of total deaths estimated by the United Nations Population Division.
  • Reproductive health > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in > Rate varies by country: Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death. "
  • Cause of death, by communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions > % of total: Cause of death, by communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions (% of total). Cause of death refers to the share of all deaths for all ages by underlying causes. Communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions include infectious and parasitic diseases, respiratory infections, and nutritional deficiencies such as underweight and stunting.
  • Cause of death, by injury > % of total: Cause of death, by injury (% of total). Cause of death refers to the share of all deaths for all ages by underlying causes. Injuries include unintentional and intentional injuries.
  • Diseases > Cause of death, by non-communicable diseases > % of total: Cause of death, by non-communicable diseases (% of total). Cause of death refers to the share of all deaths for all ages by underlying causes. Non-communicable diseases include cancer, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, digestive diseases, skin diseases, musculoskeletal diseases, and congenital anomalies.
  • Services, etc., value added > Current LCU: Services, etc., value added (current LCU). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current local currency.
  • Red Cross donations per capita: Amounts of the contributions to the International Committee of the Red Cross by the Council of Europe member states and states with an observer status in the PACE in the period from 1996 to 2000 (in Swiss Francs). Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Births by caesarean section per million: Number of births by caesarean section per 1000 live births (year 2000). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Duration of hospitalisation per million: Average length of stay in a hospital per patient admitted to acute care (2000). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Tobacco > Cigarrete imports per 1000: Millions of cigarettes imported in 2000. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children living with AIDS per 1000: People living with HIV/AIDS, children (age 0-14). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Expenditure per capita > Current US$: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people: Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases beds for both acute and chronic care are included.
  • Diseases > Prevalence of anemia among children > % of children under 5: Prevalence of anemia among children (% of children under 5). Prevalence of anemia, children under age 5, is the percentage of children under age 5 whose hemoglobin level is less than 110 grams per liter at sea level.
  • Diseases > Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV: Female adults with HIV (% of population ages 15+ with HIV). Prevalence of HIV is the percentage of people who are infected with HIV. Female rate is as a percentage of the total population ages 15+ who are living with HIV.
  • Immunisation > Immunization, DPT > % of children ages 12-23 months: Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months). Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against diphtheria, pertussis (or whooping cough), and tetanus (DPT) after receiving three doses of vaccine.
  • Immunisation > Immunization, measles > % of children ages 12-23 months: Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months). Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of vaccine.
  • Nurses and midwives > Per 1,000 people: Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 people). Nurses and midwives include professional nurses, professional midwives, auxiliary nurses, auxiliary midwives, enrolled nurses, enrolled midwives and other associated personnel, such as dental nurses and primary care nurses.
  • Diseases > Prevalence of anemia among pregnant women > %: Prevalence of anemia among pregnant women (%). Prevalence of anemia, pregnant women, is the percentage of pregnant women whose hemoglobin level is less than 110 grams per liter at sea level.
  • Tuberculosis case detection rate > %, all forms: Tuberculosis case detection rate (%, all forms). Tuberculosis case detection rate (all forms) is the percentage of newly notified tuberculosis cases (including relapses) to estimated incident cases (case detection, all forms).
  • Diseases > Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people: Incidence of tuberculosis (per 100,000 people). Incidence of tuberculosis is the estimated number of new pulmonary, smear positive, and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis cases. Incidence includes patients with HIV.
  • Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of total expenditure on health: Out-of-pocket health expenditure (% of total expenditure on health). Out of pocket expenditure is any direct outlay by households, including gratuities and in-kind payments, to health practitioners and suppliers of pharmaceuticals, therapeutic appliances, and other goods and services whose primary intent is to contribute to the restoration or enhancement of the health status of individuals or population groups. It is a part of private health expenditure.
  • Health expenditure per capita > Current US$: Health expenditure per capita (current US$). Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Health expenditure, private > % of GDP: Health expenditure, private (% of GDP). Private health expenditure includes direct household (out-of-pocket) spending, private insurance, charitable donations, and direct service payments by private corporations.
  • Health expenditure, public > % of total health expenditure: Health expenditure, public (% of total health expenditure). Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds. Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation.
  • Health expenditure, public > % of government expenditure: Health expenditure, public (% of government expenditure). Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds.
  • Health expenditure, public > % of GDP: Health expenditure, public (% of GDP). Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds.
  • Health expenditure, total > % of GDP: Health expenditure, total (% of GDP). Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation.
  • Life expectancy at birth, female > Years: Life expectancy at birth, female (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Life expectancy at birth, total > Years: Life expectancy at birth, total (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Life expectancy at birth, male > Years: Life expectancy at birth, male (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Probability of not reaching 60: Probability at birth of not reaching the age of 40.
  • Diseases > Diabetes > Prevalence > % of population ages 20 to 79: Diabetes prevalence (% of population ages 20 to 79). Diabetes prevalence refers to the percentage of people ages 20-79 who have type 1 or type 2 diabetes.
  • Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman: Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people: Incidence of tuberculosis is the estimated number of new pulmonary, smear positive, and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis cases.
  • Growth in health expenditure > Per annum: Annual real yearly growth in health care expenditure; average for years 1990-2000. 1990-98 for Sweden and Turkey, 1990-99 for Luxembourg and Poland, 1991-2000 for Hungary, 1992-2000 for Germany.
  • HIV AIDS > Deaths per 1000: An estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS per 1000: An estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Obesity > Overweight population aged 15 or more > Males: The most frequently used measure of overweight and obesity is based on the body mass index (BMI), which is a single number that evaluates an individual’s weight status in relation to height (weight/height2, with weight in kilograms and height in meters). Based on the WHO current classification, adults with a BMI between 25 and 30 are defined as overweight, and those with a BMI over 30 as obese.
  • Services, etc., value added > Current LCU per capita: Services, etc., value added (current LCU). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Death from cancer per million: Cancer death incidence (per 100 000 population) for year 2000. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Circulatory disease deaths per million: Standardised death rates per 100 000 population (1999). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Quality of health care system > Friendliness and courtesy of staff: Friendliness and courtesy of the staff. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Friendliness and courtesy of the staff?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Quality of health care system > Modern equipment: Equipment for modern diagnosis and treatment. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Does hospitals have equipment for modern diagnosis and treatment?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Quality of health care system > Speed in delivering examinations and reports: Speed in completing examination and reports. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Speed in completing examination and reports?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Quality of health care system > Health care system index: Health Care Index is an estimation of the overall quality of the health care system, health care professionals, equipment, staff, doctors, cost, etc.
  • Life expectancy > Male healthy years: Number of years of life while 'healthy', as defined by the OECD. Estimates for 2001. See the source for details.
  • Total expenditure as % of GDP: Total expenditure on health in the country given as a percentage of its GDP (Data for 2001).
  • Quality of health care system > Convenient location: Convenience of location for you. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Convenience of location for you". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Quality of health care system > Cost: Cost to you. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Cost to you". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Quality of health care system > Short waiting times: Responsiveness (waitings) in medical institutions. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the responsiveness (waitings) in medical institutions?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Quality of health care system > Accuracy and completeness in filling out reports: Accuracy and completeness in filling out reports. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied you with the accuracy and completeness in filling out reports?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Quality of health care system > Skill and competence of medical staff: Skill and competency of medical staff. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the skill and competency of the local medical staff?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Life expectancy > Men: Life expectancy for men.
  • Physicians > Per 1,000 people: Physicians are defined as graduates of any facility or school of medicine who are working in the country in any medical field (practice, teaching, research).
  • Life expectancy > Women: Life expectancy for women.
  • Birth rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people: Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the population growth rate in the absence of migration.
  • Smoking prevalence > Males > % of adults: Prevalence of smoking, male is the percentage of men who smoke cigarettes. The age range varies among countries but in most is 18 and older or 15 and older.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total > Years: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Smoking prevalence > Females > % of adults: Prevalence of smoking, female is the percentage of women who smoke cigarettes. The age range varies among countries but in most is 18 and older or 15 and older.
  • Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49: Contraceptive prevalence rate is the percentage of women who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for married women ages 15-49 only.
  • Expenditure > Total > % of GDP: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation.
  • Expenditure > Private > % of GDP: Private health expenditure includes direct household (out-of-pocket) spending, private insurance, charitable donations, and direct service payments by private corporations.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male > Years: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population: Population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (also referred to as prevalence of undernourishment) shows the percentage of the population whose food intake is insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements continuously. Data showing as 2.5 signifies a prevalence of undernourishment below 2.5%.
  • Improved water source > % of population with access: Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling.
  • Malnutrition prevalence > Height for age > % of children under 5: Prevalence of child malnutrition (height for age) is the percentage of children under five whose height for age is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0 to 59 months. For children up to two years of age, height is measured by recumbent length. For older children, height is measured by stature while standing. The reference population adopted by the WHO in 1983, is based on children from the United States, who are assumed to be well nourished.
  • Births attended by skilled health staff > % of total: Births attended by skilled health staff are the percentage of deliveries attended by personnel trained to give the necessary supervision, care, and advice to women during pregnancy, labor, and the postpartum period; to conduct deliveries on their own; and to care for newborns.
  • Expenditure > Public > % of GDP: Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds.
  • Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of private expenditure on health: Out of pocket expenditure is any direct outlay by households, including gratuities and in-kind payments, to health practitioners and suppliers of pharmaceuticals, therapeutic appliances, and other goods and services whose primary intent is to contribute to the restoration or enhancement of the health status of individuals or population groups. It is a part of private health expenditure.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female > Years: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Malnutrition prevalence > Weight for age > % of children under 5: Prevalence of child malnutrition (weight for age) is the percentage of children under five whose weight for age is more than two standard deviations below the median reference standard for their age as established by the World Health Organization, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics. Figures are based on children under age three, four, and five years of age, depending on the country.
  • Improved water source > Urban > % of urban population with access: Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling.
  • Improved water source > Rural > % of rural population with access: Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling.
  • Immunization > DPT > % of children ages 12-23 months: Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against diphtheria, pertussis (or whooping cough), and tetanus (DPT) after receiving three doses of vaccine.
  • HIV AIDS > Deaths > Per capita: An estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • HIV AIDS > Adult prevalence rate: An estimate of the percentage of adults (aged 15-49) living with HIV/AIDS. The adult prevalence rate is calculated by dividing the estimated number of adults living with HIV/AIDS at yearend by the total adult population at yearend.
  • HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS: An estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS.
  • HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS > Per capita: An estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Immunization > Measles > % of children ages 12-23 months: Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of vaccine.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: The average number of years to be lived by a females in this nation born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: The average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: The average number of years to be lived by amen in this nation born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Years > Total population: Life expectancy at birth (years) 2003 - Total population
  • Health care funding > Total per capita: Public and private funding of health care expenditure, in US $ PPP per capita. Data for 2000.
  • % immunized 1-year-old children > Measles: Health - % immunized 2002 1-year-old children - Measles
  • % immunized 1-year-old children > Polio3: Health - % immunized 2002 1-year-old children - Polio3
  • Death rates > Children under 5: Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates."
  • Disease prevention > Immunisation against tetanus > % of children ages 12-23 months: Child immunisation measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against diphtheria, pertussis (or whooping cough), and tetanus (DPT) after receiving three doses of vaccine."
  • Disease prevention > Immunisation > Measles > % of children ages 12-23 months: Child immunisation measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of vaccine.
  • Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained."
  • Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > Rural > % of rural population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained."
  • Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > Urban > % of urban population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained."
  • Disease prevention > Improved water source > % of population with access: Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling."
  • Disease prevention > Improved water source > Urban > % of urban population with access: Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling."
  • Disease prevention > Tuberculosis case detection rate > All forms: Tuberculosis case detection rate (all forms) is the percentage of newly notified tuberculosis cases (including relapses) to estimated incident cases (case detection, all forms)."
  • Disease prevention > Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases: Tuberculosis treatment success rate is the percentage of new, registered smear-positive (infectious) cases that were cured or in which a full course of treatment was completed."
  • Health services > External resources for health > % of total expenditure on health: External resources for health are funds or services in kind that are provided by entities not part of the country in question. The resources may come from international organisations, other countries through bilateral arrangements, or foreign nongovernmental organisations. These resources are part of total health expenditure."
  • Health services > Health expenditure per capita > PPP > Constant 2005 international $: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in international dollars converted using 2005 purchasing power parity (PPP) rates."
  • Health services > Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people: Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases beds for both acute and chronic care are included."
  • Health services > Nurses and midwives > Per 1,000 people: Nurses and midwives include professional nurses, professional midwives, auxiliary nurses, auxiliary midwives, enrolled nurses, enrolled midwives and other associated personnel, such as dental nurses and primary care nurses."
  • Health services > Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of private expenditure on health: Out of pocket expenditure is any direct outlay by households, including gratuities and in-kind payments, to health practitioners and suppliers of pharmaceuticals, therapeutic appliances, and other goods and services whose primary intent is to contribute to the restoration or enhancement of the health status of individuals or population groups. It is a part of private health expenditure."
STAT United Kingdom United States HISTORY
Access to sanitation 100%
Ranked 11th. The same as United States
100%
Ranked 6th.
Births by caesarean section 170 live births per 1,000 pe
Ranked 10th.
211 live births per 1,000 pe
Ranked 3rd. 24% more than United Kingdom
Consultation with doctors 4.9 per person per year
Ranked 12th.
8.9 per person per year
Ranked 2nd. 82% more than United Kingdom
Daily smokers 26%
Ranked 18th. 49% more than United States
17.5%
Ranked 29th.
Death from cancer 253.5 deaths per 100,000 peopl
Ranked 16th.
321.9 deaths per 100,000 peopl
Ranked 9th. 27% more than United Kingdom
Dependency ratio per 100 52
Ranked 123th. 2% more than United States
51
Ranked 125th.
Drug access 95%
Ranked 25th. The same as United States
95%
Ranked 15th.
HIV AIDS > Deaths 460
Ranked 80th.
17,000
Ranked 18th. 37 times more than United Kingdom

Heart disease deaths 122 per 100,000 people
Ranked 7th. 15% more than United States
106.5 per 100,000 people
Ranked 13th.
Infant mortality rate > Total 4.62 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 184th.
6.06 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 171st. 31% more than United Kingdom

Maternal mortality 7 per 100,000
Ranked 121st.
8 per 100,000
Ranked 119th. 14% more than United Kingdom
Obesity 23%
Ranked 3rd.
30.6%
Ranked 1st. 33% more than United Kingdom
Red Cross donations 84.11 million
Ranked 3rd.
221.26 million
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than United Kingdom
Spending > Per person 1,675
Ranked 18th.
4,271
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than United Kingdom
Teen birth rate 33
Ranked 12th.
64
Ranked 1st. 94% more than United Kingdom
Nurses 8.8 per 1,000 people
Ranked 13th. 9% more than United States
8.1 per 1,000 people
Ranked 14th.
Life expectancy > Healthy years 69.6 years
Ranked 20th. 3% more than United States
67.6 years
Ranked 22nd.
Suicide rate > Gender ratio 3.4 per 100,000 people
Ranked 37th.
4.5 per 100,000 people
Ranked 18th. 32% more than United Kingdom
Death rates > Men 99.85
Ranked 157th.
141.23
Ranked 129th. 41% more than United Kingdom

SARS total cases 4
Ranked 16th.
29
Ranked 7th. 7 times more than United Kingdom
Births > Low birth weight 7.6%
Ranked 6th.
7.8%
Ranked 5th. 3% more than United Kingdom
Acute care beds 3.9 per 1,000 people
Ranked 11th. 34% more than United States
2.9 per 1,000 people
Ranked 19th.
Respiratory disease deaths 79.8 per 100,000 people
Ranked 2nd. 55% more than United States
51.6 per 100,000 people
Ranked 8th.
Total fertility rate 1.6
Ranked 146th.
2.1
Ranked 118th. 31% more than United Kingdom
Digestive disease deaths 22.1 per 100,000 people
Ranked 15th. 8% more than United States
20.5 per 100,000 people
Ranked 16th.
Duration of hospitalisation 6.9 days
Ranked 7th. 19% more than United States
5.8 days
Ranked 12th.
Child maltreatment deaths 0.4 per 100,000 children
Ranked 21st.
2.2 per 100,000 children
Ranked 2nd. 6 times more than United Kingdom
Intestinal diseases death rate 0.75%
Ranked 114th.
7.35%
Ranked 84th. 10 times more than United Kingdom
Infant mortality rate > Female 4.15 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 187th.
5.37 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 171st. 29% more than United Kingdom

Circulatory disease deaths 265 deaths per 100,000 peopl
Ranked 6th. The same as United States
265 deaths per 100,000 peopl
Ranked 5th.
Infant mortality rate > Male 5.07 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 185th.
6.72 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 169th. 33% more than United Kingdom

Life expectancy > Male 77.88
Ranked 17th. 2% more than United States
76
Ranked 34th.

Stomach cancer deaths 6.9
Ranked 18th. 2 times more than United States
3.4
Ranked 26th.
Tobacco > Cigarrete imports 47,500 million of cigarettes
Ranked 5th. 4 times more than United States
11,500 million of cigarettes
Ranked 14th.
Life expectancy > Female 82.03
Ranked 30th. 1% more than United States
81
Ranked 34th.

SARS fatalities 0.0
Ranked 20th.
0.0
Ranked 26th.
Children living with AIDS 550
Ranked 62nd.
10,000
Ranked 34th. 18 times more than United Kingdom
Death rates > Infants 4.6
Ranked 151st.
6.8
Ranked 139th. 48% more than United Kingdom

Spending > Public 5.8% (1999) 5.7% (1999)
Death rates > Women 61.12
Ranked 148th.
81.46
Ranked 121st. 33% more than United Kingdom

Child injury death index 6.1
Ranked 24th.
14.1
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
Spending > Private 1.2%
Ranked 117th.
7.1%
Ranked 3rd. 6 times more than United Kingdom
Smoking rate > Women 24
Ranked 34th. 26% more than United States
19
Ranked 47th.
SARS median age range 59
Ranked 3rd. 79% more than United States
33
Ranked 21st.
Daily smokers > 1990 30%
Ranked 15th. 17% more than United States
25.6%
Ranked 26th.
Health services > Outpatient visits per capita 4.9
Ranked 31st.
9
Ranked 7th. 84% more than United Kingdom

Health services > Physicians > Per 1,000 people 2.2
Ranked 35th.
2.67
Ranked 13th. 21% more than United Kingdom

Health spending > % of GDP 8.42%
Ranked 41st.
15.68%
Ranked 2nd. 86% more than United Kingdom

Health spending per capita 3,867.42
Ranked 18th.
7,284.7
Ranked 4th. 88% more than United Kingdom

Nutrition > Depth of hunger > Kilocalories per person per day 110
Ranked 140th. 10% more than United States
100
Ranked 147th.

Nutrition > Low-birthweight babies > % of births 7.6%
Ranked 45th.
7.8%
Ranked 12th. 3% more than United Kingdom

Nutrition > Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population 5%
Ranked 136th. The same as United States
5%
Ranked 116th.

Private health spending > % of GDP 1.54%
Ranked 129th.
8.54%
Ranked 2nd. 6 times more than United Kingdom

Public health spending > % of GDP 6.88%
Ranked 22nd.
7.14%
Ranked 17th. 4% more than United Kingdom

Public health spending > % of government spending 15.64%
Ranked 31st.
19.45%
Ranked 6th. 24% more than United Kingdom

Public health spending > % of total health spending 81.73%
Ranked 18th. 79% more than United States
45.54%
Ranked 139th.

Reproductive health > Births attended by skilled health staff > % of total 99%
Ranked 15th.
99.3%
Ranked 17th. About the same as United Kingdom

Reproductive health > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate > Per 100,000 live births 12
Ranked 132nd.
24
Ranked 116th. Twice as much as United Kingdom

Reproductive health > Use of birth control > Women over 15 84
Ranked 1st. 15% more than United States
72.9
Ranked 4th.

Risk factors > Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people 12.37
Ranked 150th. 3 times more than United States
4.76
Ranked 179th.

Risk factors > Prevalence of HIV > Total > % of population ages 15-49 0.2%
Ranked 98th.
0.6%
Ranked 65th. 3 times more than United Kingdom

Survival rate > To age 65 > Men 85.38
Ranked 18th. 2% more than United States
83.35
Ranked 27th.

Survival rate > To age 65 > Women 90.59
Ranked 28th. 2% more than United States
88.79
Ranked 42nd.

Total expenditure on health as % of GDP 7.7%
Ranked 49th.
14.6%
Ranked 1st. 90% more than United Kingdom
Probability of reaching 65 > Male 81.5%
Ranked 14th. 5% more than United States
77.4%
Ranked 32nd.
Percentage of life lived in ill health > Female 11.3%
Ranked 18th.
13.5%
Ranked 6th. 19% more than United Kingdom
Tuberculosis cases > Per 100,000 5
Ranked 150th. 3 times more than United States
2
Ranked 165th.
Years lived in ill health > Female 9 years
Ranked 20th.
10.7 years
Ranked 4th. 19% more than United Kingdom
Drinking water availability % 100%
Ranked 14th. The same as United States
100%
Ranked 10th.
Private expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health 16.6%
Ranked 165th.
55.1%
Ranked 51st. 3 times more than United Kingdom
Years lived in ill health > Male 6.6 years
Ranked 23th.
8 years
Ranked 7th. 21% more than United Kingdom
Respiratory disease child death rate 1.78 40.43 (est)
Health care funding > Private per capita $335 per capita
Ranked 21st.
$2,580 per capita
Ranked 1st. 8 times more than United Kingdom
Life expectancy > Date of information 2006 est. 2006 est.
Public spending as % of total 83.4%
Ranked 7th. 86% more than United States
44.9%
Ranked 25th.
Per capita total expenditure on health in international dollars 2,160
Ranked 19th.
5,274
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than United Kingdom
Per capita government expenditure on health in international dollars 1,801
Ranked 14th.
2,368
Ranked 5th. 31% more than United Kingdom
% of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Total 100
Ranked 14th. The same as United States
100
Ranked 8th.
Health care funding > Public per capita $1,429 per capita
Ranked 16th.
$2,051 per capita
Ranked 3rd. 44% more than United Kingdom
Probability of dying before 5 > Females 6 per 1,000 people
Ranked 166th.
8 per 1,000 people
Ranked 152nd. 33% more than United Kingdom
Life expectancy at birth > Years > Males 76
Ranked 22nd. 1% more than United States
75
Ranked 28th.
Out-of-pocket expenditure as % of private health expenditure 55.9%
Ranked 161st. 2 times more than United States
25.4%
Ranked 180th.
Life expectancy > Female healthy years 70.9 years
Ranked 19th. 3% more than United States
68.8 years
Ranked 24th.
Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Total population 70.6
Ranked 24th. 2% more than United States
69.3
Ranked 29th.
Percentage of life lived in ill health > Males 8.8%
Ranked 22nd.
10.8%
Ranked 9th. 23% more than United Kingdom
Probability of reaching 65 > Female 88.3%
Ranked 22nd. 3% more than United States
85.7%
Ranked 33th.
% immunized 1-year-old children > DPT3 91
Ranked 91st.
94
Ranked 75th. 3% more than United Kingdom
Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Females 72.1
Ranked 25th. 1% more than United States
71.3
Ranked 29th.
% of population using improved drinking water sources > Total 100
Ranked 16th. The same as United States
100
Ranked 10th.
Life expectancy at birth > Years > Females 81
Ranked 26th. 1% more than United States
80
Ranked 32nd.
Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Males 69.1
Ranked 22nd. 3% more than United States
67.2
Ranked 29th.
Prepaid plans as % of private expenditure on health 18.6%
Ranked 29th.
65.7%
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than United Kingdom
External resources for health as % of total expenditure on health 0.0
Ranked 156th.
0.0
Ranked 146th.
% of population using improved drinking water sources > Rural 100
Ranked 16th. The same as United States
100
Ranked 9th.
% of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Rural 100
Ranked 15th. The same as United States
100
Ranked 8th.
% of population using improved drinking water sources > Urban 100
Ranked 22nd. The same as United States
100
Ranked 12th.
Births with health staff 99%
Ranked 21st. The same as United States
99%
Ranked 17th.
% of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Urban 100
Ranked 17th. The same as United States
100
Ranked 10th.
HIV AIDS > Women living with aids 15-49 0.1
Ranked 100th.
0.61
Ranked 54th. 6 times more than United Kingdom
SARS fatality ratio % 0.0
Ranked 20th.
0.0
Ranked 26th.
SARS female cases % 50%
Ranked 13th. 4% more than United States
48%
Ranked 15th.
HIVAIDS > Adult prevalence rate 15-49 years, 0.1
Ranked 122nd.
0.6
Ranked 55th. 6 times more than United Kingdom
Obesity > Overweight and obese population aged 15 or more 60 64.5
Obesity > Overweight and obese population aged 15 or more > Males 65.5 67.2
Infant mortality > Infant mortality 5 Deaths per 1 000 live bir
Ranked 10th.
6.9 Deaths per 1 000 live bir
Ranked 3rd. 38% more than United Kingdom
Mortality > Completeness of infant death reporting > % of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths 100%
Ranked 5th. The same as United States
100%
Ranked 2nd.
Life expectancy > Life expectancy at birth > Total 79.1 Number of years
Ranked 21st. 2% more than United States
77.8 Number of years
Ranked 24th.
Obesity > Obese population aged 15 or more > Females 21.4 33.4
Obesity > Overweight population aged 15 or more 39 34
Mortality > Completeness of total death reporting > % of reported total deaths to estimated total deaths 94.48%
Ranked 9th.
100%
Ranked 1st. 6% more than United Kingdom
Reproductive health > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in > Rate varies by country 4,700
Ranked 35th. 2 times more than United States
2,100
Ranked 47th.
Cause of death, by communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions > % of total 8.2%
Ranked 132nd. 36% more than United States
6.05%
Ranked 149th.
Cause of death, by injury > % of total 3.63%
Ranked 184th.
7.38%
Ranked 93th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
Diseases > Cause of death, by non-communicable diseases > % of total 88.17%
Ranked 36th. 2% more than United States
86.57%
Ranked 46th.
Services, etc., value added > Current LCU 1.04 trillion
Ranked 58th.
11.51 trillion
Ranked 21st. 11 times more than United Kingdom

Red Cross donations per capita 1.43
Ranked 10th. 82% more than United States
0.784
Ranked 13th.
Births by caesarean section per million 2.89 live births per 1,000 pe
Ranked 13th. 4 times more than United States
0.748 live births per 1,000 pe
Ranked 16th.
Duration of hospitalisation per million 0.117 days
Ranked 15th. 6 times more than United States
0.0206 days
Ranked 16th.
Tobacco > Cigarrete imports per 1000 0.807 million of cigarettes
Ranked 8th. 20 times more than United States
0.0408 million of cigarettes
Ranked 14th.
Children living with AIDS per 1000 0.00923
Ranked 74th.
0.0345
Ranked 61st. 4 times more than United Kingdom
Expenditure per capita > Current US$ 2,899.7$
Ranked 18th.
6,096.2$
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than United Kingdom

Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people 4.2 per 1,000 people
Ranked 33th. 27% more than United States
3.3 per 1,000 people
Ranked 37th.

Diseases > Prevalence of anemia among children > % of children under 5 8%
Ranked 4th. 6 times more than United States
1.3%
Ranked 10th.
Diseases > Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV 30.5%
Ranked 95th. 54% more than United States
19.8%
Ranked 137th.

Immunisation > Immunization, DPT > % of children ages 12-23 months 97%
Ranked 58th. 2% more than United States
95%
Ranked 85th.

Immunisation > Immunization, measles > % of children ages 12-23 months 93%
Ranked 103th. 1% more than United States
92%
Ranked 107th.

Nurses and midwives > Per 1,000 people 9.47
Ranked 4th.
9.81
Ranked 14th. 4% more than United Kingdom

Diseases > Prevalence of anemia among pregnant women > % 15.23%
Ranked 114th. 3 times more than United States
5.7%
Ranked 131st.

Tuberculosis case detection rate > %, all forms 88%
Ranked 22nd. 1% more than United States
87%
Ranked 42nd.

Diseases > Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people 15
Ranked 155th. 4 times more than United States
3.6
Ranked 196th.

Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of total expenditure on health 9.18%
Ranked 173th.
11.29%
Ranked 169th. 23% more than United Kingdom

Health expenditure per capita > Current US$ $3,608.65
Ranked 19th.
$8,607.88
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than United Kingdom

Health expenditure, private > % of GDP 1.61%
Ranked 143th.
9.65%
Ranked 3rd. 6 times more than United Kingdom

Health expenditure, public > % of total health expenditure 82.7%
Ranked 21st. 80% more than United States
45.94%
Ranked 138th.

Health expenditure, public > % of government expenditure 15.87%
Ranked 36th.
19.8%
Ranked 12th. 25% more than United Kingdom

Health expenditure, public > % of GDP 7.71%
Ranked 20th.
8.2%
Ranked 12th. 6% more than United Kingdom

Health expenditure, total > % of GDP 9.32%
Ranked 38th.
17.85%
Ranked 3rd. 92% more than United Kingdom

Life expectancy at birth, female > Years 82.7
Ranked 30th. 2% more than United States
81.1
Ranked 43th.

Life expectancy at birth, total > Years 80.75
Ranked 22nd. 3% more than United States
78.64
Ranked 40th.

Life expectancy at birth, male > Years 78.9
Ranked 18th. 3% more than United States
76.3
Ranked 42nd.

Probability of not reaching 60 9.9%
Ranked 36th.
12.8%
Ranked 24th. 29% more than United Kingdom
Diseases > Diabetes > Prevalence > % of population ages 20 to 79 5.59%
Ranked 140th.
9.35%
Ranked 60th. 67% more than United Kingdom
Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman 1.8 births per woman
Ranked 132nd.
2.05 births per woman
Ranked 117th. 14% more than United Kingdom

Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people 14.24 per 100,000 people
Ranked 158th. 3 times more than United States
4.53 per 100,000 people
Ranked 193th.

Growth in health expenditure > Per annum 3.8%
Ranked 6th. 19% more than United States
3.2%
Ranked 8th.
HIV AIDS > Deaths per 1000 0.00778
Ranked 95th.
0.0554
Ranked 59th. 7 times more than United Kingdom

HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS per 1000 1.38
Ranked 87th.
3.91
Ranked 61st. 3 times more than United Kingdom

Obesity > Overweight population aged 15 or more > Males 44.5 39.7
Services, etc., value added > Current LCU per capita 16,627.9
Ranked 98th.
36,945.6
Ranked 65th. 2 times more than United Kingdom

Death from cancer per million 4.3 deaths per 100,000 peopl
Ranked 15th. 4 times more than United States
1.14 deaths per 100,000 peopl
Ranked 16th.
Circulatory disease deaths per million 4.52 deaths per 100,000 peopl
Ranked 13th. 5 times more than United States
0.95 deaths per 100,000 peopl
Ranked 18th.
Quality of health care system > Friendliness and courtesy of staff 71.92
Ranked 16th.
74.92
Ranked 11th. 4% more than United Kingdom
Quality of health care system > Modern equipment 94.74
Ranked 12th.
95.58
Ranked 11th. 1% more than United Kingdom
Quality of health care system > Speed in delivering examinations and reports 60.55
Ranked 26th.
69.57
Ranked 14th. 15% more than United Kingdom
Quality of health care system > Health care system index 72.61
Ranked 14th. 5% more than United States
69.03
Ranked 23th.
Life expectancy > Male healthy years 68.4 years
Ranked 16th. 3% more than United States
66.4 years
Ranked 22nd.
Total expenditure as % of GDP 7.5% of GDP
Ranked 20th.
13.9% of GDP
Ranked 1st. 85% more than United Kingdom
Quality of health care system > Convenient location 76.76
Ranked 23th.
80.1
Ranked 12th. 4% more than United Kingdom
Quality of health care system > Cost 79.76
Ranked 7th. 74% more than United States
45.81
Ranked 41st.
Quality of health care system > Short waiting times 49.81
Ranked 28th.
60.5
Ranked 10th. 21% more than United Kingdom
Quality of health care system > Accuracy and completeness in filling out reports 69.84
Ranked 19th.
74.35
Ranked 11th. 6% more than United Kingdom
Quality of health care system > Skill and competence of medical staff 70.34
Ranked 21st.
74.69
Ranked 16th. 6% more than United Kingdom
Life expectancy > Men 78 years
Ranked 21st. 3% more than United States
76 years
Ranked 30th.
Physicians > Per 1,000 people 2.2 per 1,000 people
Ranked 36th.
2.3 per 1,000 people
Ranked 31st. 5% more than United Kingdom

Life expectancy > Women 82 years
Ranked 30th. 1% more than United States
81 years
Ranked 33th.
Birth rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people 11.9 per 1,000 people
Ranked 140th.
14 per 1,000 people
Ranked 131st. 18% more than United Kingdom

Smoking prevalence > Males > % of adults 27%
Ranked 13th. 12% more than United States
24.1%
Ranked 28th.

Life expectancy at birth > Total > Years 78.95 years
Ranked 25th. 2% more than United States
77.71 years
Ranked 34th.

Smoking prevalence > Females > % of adults 25%
Ranked 4th. 30% more than United States
19.2%
Ranked 13th.

Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49 84%
Ranked 1st. 31% more than United States
64.2%
Ranked 7th.

Expenditure > Total > % of GDP 8.1%
Ranked 37th.
15.4%
Ranked 1st. 90% more than United Kingdom

Expenditure > Private > % of GDP 1.11%
Ranked 160th.
8.52%
Ranked 1st. 8 times more than United Kingdom

Life expectancy at birth > Male > Years 76.9 years
Ranked 21st. 3% more than United States
74.89 years
Ranked 36th.

Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population 2.5%
Ranked 154th. The same as United States
2.5%
Ranked 144th.

Improved water source > % of population with access 100%
Ranked 23th. The same as United States
100%
Ranked 15th.

Malnutrition prevalence > Height for age > % of children under 5 2.4%
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than United States
1.1%
Ranked 17th.

Births attended by skilled health staff > % of total 99%
Ranked 13th. The same as United States
99%
Ranked 8th.

Expenditure > Public > % of GDP 6.99%
Ranked 19th. 2% more than United States
6.88%
Ranked 21st.

Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 24.79 births
Ranked 125th.
49.83 births
Ranked 83th. 2 times more than United Kingdom

Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of private expenditure on health 91.8%
Ranked 76th. 4 times more than United States
23.8%
Ranked 180th.

Life expectancy at birth > Female > Years 81.1 years
Ranked 34th. 1% more than United States
80.67 years
Ranked 35th.

Malnutrition prevalence > Weight for age > % of children under 5 2.1%
Ranked 4th. 31% more than United States
1.6%
Ranked 20th.

Improved water source > Urban > % of urban population with access 100%
Ranked 31st. The same as United States
100%
Ranked 21st.

Improved water source > Rural > % of rural population with access 100%
Ranked 22nd. The same as United States
100%
Ranked 14th.

Immunization > DPT > % of children ages 12-23 months 91%
Ranked 100th.
96%
Ranked 58th. 5% more than United Kingdom

HIV AIDS > Deaths > Per capita 0.008 per 1,000 people
Ranked 96th.
0.048 per 1,000 people
Ranked 65th. 6 times more than United Kingdom

HIV AIDS > Adult prevalence rate 0.2%
Ranked 95th.
0.6%
Ranked 62nd. 3 times more than United Kingdom

HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS 85,000
Ranked 44th.
1.2 million
Ranked 8th. 14 times more than United Kingdom

HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS > Per capita 0.857 per 1,000 people
Ranked 89th.
3.27 per 1,000 people
Ranked 54th. 4 times more than United Kingdom

Immunization > Measles > % of children ages 12-23 months 82%
Ranked 134th.
93%
Ranked 83th. 13% more than United Kingdom

Life expectancy at birth > Female 82.25 years
Ranked 39th. 2% more than United States
80.93 years
Ranked 52nd.

Life expectancy at birth > Total population 80.05 years
Ranked 27th. 2% more than United States
78.37 years
Ranked 47th.

Life expectancy at birth > Male 77.95 years
Ranked 24th. 3% more than United States
75.92 years
Ranked 44th.

Life expectancy at birth > Years > Total population 79
Ranked 21st. 3% more than United States
77
Ranked 30th.
Health care funding > Total per capita $1,764 per capita
Ranked 16th.
$4,631 per capita
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than United Kingdom
% immunized 1-year-old children > Measles 83
Ranked 113th.
91
Ranked 80th. 10% more than United Kingdom
% immunized 1-year-old children > Polio3 91
Ranked 93th. 1% more than United States
90
Ranked 96th.
Death rates > Children under 5 5.5
Ranked 152nd.
7.8
Ranked 139th. 42% more than United Kingdom

Disease prevention > Immunisation against tetanus > % of children ages 12-23 months 93%
Ranked 93th.
95%
Ranked 76th. 2% more than United Kingdom

Disease prevention > Immunisation > Measles > % of children ages 12-23 months 86%
Ranked 121st.
92%
Ranked 92nd. 7% more than United Kingdom

Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access 100%
Ranked 19th. The same as United States
100%
Ranked 13th.

Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > Rural > % of rural population with access 100%
Ranked 16th. 1% more than United States
99%
Ranked 32nd.

Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > Urban > % of urban population with access 100%
Ranked 20th. The same as United States
100%
Ranked 13th.

Disease prevention > Improved water source > % of population with access 100%
Ranked 24th. 1% more than United States
99%
Ranked 48th.

Disease prevention > Improved water source > Urban > % of urban population with access 100%
Ranked 29th. The same as United States
100%
Ranked 18th.

Disease prevention > Tuberculosis case detection rate > All forms 86.96%
Ranked 60th. The same as United States
86.96%
Ranked 50th.

Disease prevention > Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases 72.22%
Ranked 118th.
85.5%
Ranked 43th. 18% more than United Kingdom

Health services > External resources for health > % of total expenditure on health 0.0
Ranked 163th.
0.0
Ranked 147th.

Health services > Health expenditure per capita > PPP > Constant 2005 international $ $2,992.35
Ranked 20th.
$7,289.82
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than United Kingdom

Health services > Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people 3.9
Ranked 21st. 26% more than United States
3.1
Ranked 37th.

Health services > Nurses and midwives > Per 1,000 people 0.63
Ranked 14th.
9.81
Ranked 3rd. 16 times more than United Kingdom

Health services > Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of private expenditure on health 62.68%
Ranked 142nd. 3 times more than United States
22.59%
Ranked 179th.

SOURCES: CIA World Factbook, December 2003; OECD Health Data 2003 and OECD Health Data 2002; OECD Health Data 2003 plus OECD Health Data 2002; OECD Health Data 2005; OECD Health Data 2004; World Health Organization; WHO (World Health Organization). 2001. Correspondence on access to essential drugs. Department of Essential Drugs and Medecines Policy. February. Geneva; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; World Health Organization; UNICEF (United Nations Children?s Fund). 2002. Official Summary: The State of the World's Children 2002. New York: Oxford University Press.; International Committee of the Red Cross; World Bank. 2002. World Development Indicators 2002. CD-ROM. Washington, DC; United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects: The 1994 Revision, 1994; OECD Health Data 2003; OECD; annual figures:WHO databank, National Bureaus of Statistics. Department of Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis Population Division (1995). World population prospects. The 1994 revision. New York: United Nations. Partly computations: Department of Clinical Psychology, Psychiatric Clinic, University of W?rzburg, Germany; (1) United Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp2008/index.htm, (2) University of California, Berkeley, and Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research. Human Mortality Database. [ www.mortality.org or www.humanmortality.de] downloaded on Dec. 10, 2009.; WHO, SARS Summary; UNICEF; World Health Organisation. 1997-1999 World Health Statistics Annual. Geneva: WHO, 2000; OECD Health Data 2003 and Health Data 2002. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Australia's Health 2002; (1) United Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. 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Estimates Developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA, UNPD).; UNICEF (1995-1998); WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic.; WHO, OECD and supplemented by country data.; World Health Organisation, OECD, supplemented by country data.; World Health Organisation National Health Account database (www.who.int/nha/en) supplemented by country data.; Food and Agriculture Organisation, Food Security Statistics (http://www.fao.org/economic/ess/food-security-statistics/en/).; UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, and Demographic and Health Surveys by Macro International.; Food and Agriculture Organisation (http://www.fao.org/faostat/foodsecurity/index_en.htm).; Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2008. 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New York; UNHDR; World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), Global Water Supply and Sanitation Assessment 2000 Report and updates provided by UNICEF to the United Nations Millennium Indicator Database; Wikipedia: List of countries by life expectancy; UNICEF; The World Health Report 2001; UN (United Nations). 2001. World Population Prospects 1950-2050: The 2000 Revision. Database. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. New York.; WHO 2002a; United Nations, Demographic Yearbook, 1997; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009; The United Nations Statistics Division's Population and Vital Statistics Report and the United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects.; Maternal Mortality: Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank; Derived based on the data from WHO's World Health Statistics.; World Bank national accounts data; International Committee of the Red Cross. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Development Indicators database; World Health Organization, Worldwide Prevalence of Anemia.; UNAIDS estimates.; WHO and UNICEF (http://www.who.int/immunization_monitoring/routine/en/).; World Health Organization, Global Atlas of the Health Workforce. For latest updates and metadata, see http://apps.who.int/globalatlas/.; World Health Organization, Global Tuberculosis Control Report.; World Health Organization, Global Tuberculosis Report.; World Health Organization National Health Account database (see http://apps.who.int/nha/database/DataExplorerRegime.aspx for the most recent updates).; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Derived from male and female life expectancy at birth from sources such as: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; calculated on the basis of survival data from UN (United Nations). 2001. World Population Prospects 1950-2050: The 2000 Revision. Database. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. New York; International Diabetes Federation, Diabetes Atlas.; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; OECD Health Data 2004. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; OECD Health Data 2003 and Health Data 2002. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Australia's Health 2002. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; health care; British Broadcasting Corporation 2014; WHO and UNICEF (http://www.who.int/immunisation_monitoring/routine/en/).; World Health Organisation and United Nations Children's Fund, Joint Measurement Programme (JMP) (http://www.wssinfo.org/).

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"Health: United Kingdom and United States compared", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/compare/United-Kingdom/United-States/Health

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