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Brazil

Brazil Crime Stats

Author: Edsel.G

Author: Edsel.G

Brazil is one of the world’s most criminalized countries in the world. For every hundred thousand Brazilians, death through homicide can happen to 22-27 individuals. This makes Brazil one of the top 20 countries with the highest homicide rates.

Violence in the country is largely blamed on the culture. Basically, when an individual is threatened, the traditional tendency is to seek a group which can act as deterrence to future aggression, or as a means to inflict injuries to others perceived to be threats. This is the reason why gangs and gang-related violence in the country is among the highest in the world. Gangs are essentially culturally and socially accepted by the general Brazilian public.

However, the biggest and most daunting challenge to the Brazilian authorities is the prevalence of drugs and drug-caused or –related crimes. History has proven that solving the drug crisis is easier said than done because of several reasons: first, Brazil is an important waypoint for the global drug market; the many rivers and coastlines of the country are perfect for drug transportation without being detected by authorities; second, many of the frontliners of the drug trade within the country are young individuals; making them less prone to arrests – and if they are arrested, they can get out of jail in three years or less making them very economical and profitable for the drug lords.

Background:

Violent crime is major area of concern for Brazil. The recent figures show that it has the highest number of murders committed by youths, at more than 20,000 committed between 1990 and 1999. Brazil also has the 5th highest rate of murders by youths per capita, with 32.5 per 100,000 of the population.  However, corruption is also a big problem, with almost 67% of business managers identifying corruption as a constraint to business.

Definitions

  • % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint: Crime measures the share of senior managers who ranked crime, theft, and disorder as a major or very severe constraint.
  • Believes crime increasing in the past 3 years: Crime increasing in the past 3 years. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "In the past three years would you say the level of crime in your community has increased, stayed about the same, or decreased?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Crime levels: Level of crime. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How serious you feel the level of crime is?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Fear of crime > Worries about being mugged or robbed: Worries being mugged or robbed. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being mugged and robbed?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Fear of crime > Worries about home break and enter: Worries home broken and things stolen. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How worried are you about....having your home broken into and something stolen?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Illicit drugs: Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Murder rate: Homicide rate per year per 100,000 inhabitants in various countries.
  • Murders > WHO: Intentional homicide rate is the estimate of intentional homicides in a country as a result of domestic disputes that end in a killing, interpersonal violence, violent conflicts over land resources, inter-gang violence over turf or control, and predatory violence and killing by armed groups. The term, intentional homicide, is broad, but it does not include all intentional killing. In particular, deaths arising from armed conflict are usually considered separately. The difference is usually described by the organisation of the killing. Individuals or small groups usually commit homicide, whereas the killing in armed conflict is usually committed by more or less cohesive groups of up to several hundred members. Two main sources of data are presented: criminal justice (law enforcement) measures (this series), supplemented by data from national statistical agencies, and measures from public health sources (see other intentional homicide series). These various sources measure slightly different phenomena and are therefore unlikely to provide identical numbers."
  • Murders committed by youths: Homicide rates among youths aged 10–29 years by country or area: most recent year available (variable 1990–1999).
  • Prisoners: Total persons incarcerated
  • Prisoners > Female: Female prisoners, expressed as a percentage share of the total prison population. Data for 2003.
  • Prisoners > Per capita: Data for 2003. Number of prisoners held per 100,000 population.
  • Prisoners > Pre-trial detainees: The percentage of the prison population that is being held pre-trial / on remand. Data for 2003.
  • Software piracy rate: The piracy rate is the total number of units of pirated software deployed in 2007 divided by the total units of software installed.
  • Unpaid diplomatic parking fines: Average Unpaid Annual New York City Parking Violations per Diplomat, 11/1997 to 11/2002.
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
% of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint 52.04% 2003 4th out of 17
Believes crime increasing in the past 3 years 74.9 2014 20th out of 93
Crime levels 78.04 2014 10th out of 93
Fear of crime > Worries about being mugged or robbed 76.95 2014 9th out of 93
Fear of crime > Worries about home break and enter 55.36 2014 25th out of 93
Illicit drugs second-largest consumer of cocaine in the world; illicit producer of cannabis; trace amounts of coca cultivation in the Amazon region, used for domestic consumption; government has a large-scale eradication program to control cannabis; important transshipment country for Bolivian, Colombian, and Peruvian cocaine headed for Europe; also used by traffickers as a way station for narcotics air transshipments between Peru and Colombia; upsurge in drug-related violence and weapons smuggling; important market for Colombian, Bolivian, and Peruvian cocaine; illicit narcotics proceeds earned in Brazil are often laundered through the financial system; significant illicit financial activity in the Tri-Border Area 2011
Murder rate 22 2008
Murders > WHO 26.2 2004 16th out of 184
Murders committed by youths 20,386 1999 1st out of 72
Prisoners 308,304 prisoners 2002 5th out of 168
Prisoners > Female 4.1% 2003 67th out of 134
Prisoners > Per capita 169 per 100,000 people 2003 49th out of 164
Prisoners > Pre-trial detainees 28.1% 2003 81st out of 143
Software piracy rate 59% 2007 57th out of 106
Unpaid diplomatic parking fines 29.9 2002 29th out of 142

SOURCES: World Development Indicators database; crime; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; World Health Organisation.; World Health Organization: World report on violence and health, 2002; The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention); International Centre for Prison Studies - World Prison Brief; Fifth Annual BSA and IDC Global Software Piracy Study; Cultures of Corruption: Evidence from Diplomatic Parking Tickets Ray Fisman Edward Miguel Columbia University and NBER University of California, Berkeley and NBER 2006

Citation

"Brazil Crime Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Brazil/Crime

2

Brazil is one of the world’s most criminalized countries in the world. For every hundred thousand Brazilians, death through homicide can happen to 22-27 individuals. This makes Brazil one of the top 20 countries with the highest homicide rates.

Violence in the country is largely blamed on the culture. Basically, when an individual is threatened, the traditional tendency is to seek a group which can act as deterrence to future aggression, or as a means to inflict injuries to others perceived to be threats. This is the reason why gangs and gang-related violence in the country is among the highest in the world. Gangs are essentially culturally and socially accepted by the general Brazilian public.

However, the biggest and most daunting challenge to the Brazilian authorities is the prevalence of drugs and drug-caused or –related crimes. History has proven that solving the drug crisis is easier said than done because of several reasons: first, Brazil is an important waypoint for the global drug market; the many rivers and coastlines of the country are perfect for drug transportation without being detected by authorities; second, many of the frontliners of the drug trade within the country are young individuals; making them less prone to arrests – and if they are arrested, they can get out of jail in three years or less making them very economical and profitable for the drug lords.

Posted on 06 Apr 2014

Edsel.G

Edsel.G

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