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Brazil

Brazil Government Stats

chris.lockyer781

Author: chris.lockyer781

Brazil has a bicameral governing body made up of the Federal Senate (Upper Chamber) and Lower Chamber of Deputies. The nation’s president is elected to a four-year term. He or she is eligible to serve for one more tenure. There are 81 senators who are elected for eight years while the 513 deputies are elected for only four years. The country is divided into 26 states and one federal district (Brasília) with each state having a governor and legislature.

Brazil has always been acknowledged as one of the leaders in the inter-American community. The nation played a vital role in combined security initiatives and economic collaboration in the Western Hemisphere. It belongs to the Organization of American States and part of the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Treaty). Brazil has focused on expanding relationships with its South American neighbors. In fact, it is a founding member of the Latin American Integration Association and the Union of South American Nations composed of Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Chile, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, and Ecuador.

Summary:

Ms Rousseff made a major leap to the top job when she became president in 2010

Definitions

  • Administrative divisions: This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (BGN). Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by BGN are noted.
  • Capital city > Geographic coordinates: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
  • Constitution: The dates of adoption, revisions, and major amendments to a nation's constitution
  • Country name > Conventional short form: This entry is derived from Government > Country name, which includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (Italy is used as an example): conventional long form (Italian Republic), conventional short form (Italy), local long form (Repubblica Italiana), local short form (Italia), former (Kingdom of Italy), as well as the abbreviation. Also see the Terminology note.
  • Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • Executive branch > Cabinet: Cabinet includes the official name for any body of high-ranking advisers roughly comparable to a U.S. Cabinet. Also notes the method for selection of members.
  • Flag description: A written flag description produced from actual flags or the best information available at the time the entry was written. The flags of independent states are used by their dependencies unless there is an officially recognized local flag. Some disputed and other areas do not have flags.
  • Government type: A description of the basic form of government (e.g., republic, constitutional monarchy, federal republic, parliamentary democracy, military dictatorship).
  • Independence: For most countries, this entry gives the date that sovereignty was achieved and from which nation, empire, or trusteeship. For the other countries, the date given may not represent "independence" in the strict sense, but rather some significant nationhood event such as the traditional founding date or the date of unification, federation, confederation, establishment, fundamental change in the form of government, or state succession. Dependent areas include the notation "none" followed by the nature of their dependency status. "
  • Judicial branch: The name(s) of the highest court(s) and a brief description of the selection process for members.
  • Legal system: A brief description of the legal system's historical roots, role in government, and acceptance of International Court of Justice (ICJ) jurisdiction.
  • Legislative branch: This entry contains information on the structure (unicameral, bicameral, tricameral), formal name, number of seats, and term of office. Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election. Election results includes the percent of vote and/or number of seats held by each party in the last election.
  • Political parties and leaders: Significant political organizations and their leaders.
  • Political pressure groups and leaders: Organizations with leaders involved in politics, but not standing for legislative election.
  • Suffrage: The age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Administrative divisions 26 states (estados, singular - estado) and 1 federal district* (distrito federal); Acre, Alagoas, Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Distrito Federal*, Espirito Santo, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para, Paraiba, Parana, Pernambuco, Piaui, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul, Rondonia, Roraima, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo, Sergipe, Tocantins 2013
Capital city > Geographic coordinates 15 47 S, 47 55 W 2008
Constitution several previous; latest ratified 5 October 1988; amended many times, last in 2012 2012
Country name > Conventional short form Brazil 2013
Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address Unit 7500, DPO, AA 34030 2013
Executive branch > Cabinet Cabinet appointed by the president 2013
Flag description green with a large yellow diamond in the center bearing a blue celestial globe with 27 white five-pointed stars; the globe has a white equatorial band with the motto ORDEM E PROGRESSO (Order and Progress); the current flag was inspired by the banner of the former Empire of Brazil (1822-1889); on the imperial flag, the green represented the House of Braganza of Pedro I, the first Emperor of Brazil, while the yellow stood for the Habsburg Family of his wife; on the modern flag the green represents the forests of the country and the yellow rhombus its mineral wealth; the blue circle and stars, which replaced the coat of arms of the original flag, depict the sky over Rio de Janeiro on the morning of 15 November 1889 - the day the Republic of Brazil was declared; the number of stars has changed with the creation of new states and has risen from an original 21 to the current 27 (one for each state and the Federal District) 2013
Government type federal republic 2013
Independence 7 September 1822 (from Portugal) 2013
Judicial branch Supreme Federal Tribunal or STF (11 ministers are appointed for life by the president and confirmed by the Senate); Superior Tribunal of Justice or STJ; Superior Electoral Tribunal or TSE; Regional Federal Tribunals (judges are appointed for life) 2012
Legal system civil law 2013
Legislative branch bicameral National Congress or Congresso Nacional consists of the Federal Senate or Senado Federal (81 seats; 3 members from each state and federal district elected according to the principle of majority to serve eight-year terms; one-third and two-thirds elected every four years, alternately) and the Chamber of Deputies or Camara dos Deputados (513 seats; members are elected by proportional representation to serve four-year terms) 2008
Political parties and leaders Brazilian Communist Party or PCB [Ivan Martins PINHEIRO]
Brazilian Democratic Movement Party or PMDB [Valdir RAUPP, acting]
Brazilian Labor Party or PTB [Benito GAMA, acting]
Brazilian Renewal Labor Party or PRTB [Jose Levy FIDELIX da Cruz]
Brazilian Republican Party or PRB [Marcos Antonio PEREIRA]
Brazilian Social Democracy Party or PSDB [Sergio GUERRA]
Brazilian Socialist Party or PSB [Eduardo CAMPOS]
Christian Labor Party or PTC [Daniel TOURINHO]
Christian Social Democratic Party or PSDC [Jose Maria EYMAEL]
Communist Party of Brazil or PCdoB [Jose Renato RABELO]
Democratic Labor Party or PDT [Carlos Roberto LUPI]
the Democrats or DEM [Jose AGRIPINO] (formerly Liberal Front Party or PFL)
Free Homeland Party or PPL [Sergio Rubens de Araujo TORRES]
Green Party or PV [Jose Luiz PENNA]
Humanist Party of Solidarity or PHS [Eduardo Machado e Silva RODRIGUES]
Labor Party of Brazil or PTB [Luis Henrique de Oliveira RESENDE]
National Ecologic Party or PEN [Adilson Barroso OLIVEIRA]
National Labor Party or PTN [Jose Masci de ABREU]
National Mobilization Party or PMN [Oscar Noronha FILHO]
Party of the Republic or PR [Alfredo NASCIMENTO]
Popular Socialist Party or PPS [Roberto Joao PEREIRA FREIRE]
Progressive Party or PP [Francisco DORNELLES]
Progressive Republican Party or PRP [Ovasco Roma Altimari RESENDE]
Social Christian Party or PSC [Vitor Jorge Abdala NOSSEIS]
Social Democratic Party (Partido Social Democratico) or PSD [Gilberto KASSAB]
Social Liberal Party or PSL [Luciano Caldas BIVAR]
Socialism and Freedom Party (Partido Socialismo e Liberdade) or PSOL [Ivan VALENTE]
United Socialist Workers' Party or PSTU [Jose Maria DE ALMEIDA]
Workers' Cause Party or PCO [Rui Costa PIMENTA]
Workers' Party or PT [Rui FALCAO]
2013
Political pressure groups and leaders Landless Workers' Movement or MST
other: industrial federations; labor unions and federations; large farmers' associations; religious groups including evangelical Christian churches and the Catholic Church
2013
Suffrage voluntary between 16 to under 18 years of age and over 70; compulsory 18 to 70 years of age 2013

SOURCES: CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

Citation

"Brazil Government Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Brazil/Government

2

Brazil has a bicameral governing body made up of the Federal Senate (Upper Chamber) and Lower Chamber of Deputies. The nation’s president is elected to a four-year term. He or she is eligible to serve for one more tenure. There are 81 senators who are elected for eight years while the 513 deputies are elected for only four years. The country is divided into 26 states and one federal district (Brasília) with each state having a governor and legislature.

Brazil has always been acknowledged as one of the leaders in the inter-American community. The nation played a vital role in combined security initiatives and economic collaboration in the Western Hemisphere. It belongs to the Organization of American States and part of the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Treaty). Brazil has focused on expanding relationships with its South American neighbors. In fact, it is a founding member of the Latin American Integration Association and the Union of South American Nations composed of Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Chile, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, and Ecuador.

Posted on 09 Apr 2014

chris.lockyer781

chris.lockyer781

394 Stat enthusiast

1

The Brazil government is legally identified as the Union. Essentially, the federal government of the country is so designed to allow for the establishment of semi-autonomous states or federating units. The said federating units, 25 in all plus one federal district of Brasilia, are led by a Governor who possesses significant administrative power over his or her state. However, the president of the country can intervene in any state affair when the necessity for the said interference is conspicuous. While there is some degree of autonomy, the Union still has the initiative of power and resources.

Brazil is a democratic country headed by a President who is elected to power by popular vote. The current president of the country is Dilma Rousseff. She has been in office for 2011, which means her leadership will end in 2015. However, the Constitution provides that the incumbent president can run for the same position twice, thus limiting presidential terms to a maximum of 8 years.

As in the United States and many other countries, the government is divided to three branches. The Executive branch includes the President, her Vice President, and the members of her Cabinet. The Legislative branch is made up of two branches, the Federal Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. Members of the bicameral congress do not have limits to the number of terms with which they can serve as members. The Judicial branch is made up of two major divisions, each with critical subdivisions. There is the federal judicial branch and the superior courts.

Posted on 06 Apr 2014

Edsel.G

Edsel.G

249 Stat enthusiast

0

Quem colocou estas informações referente ao Brasil deveria se informar melhor. O Brasil não participa de uma Guerra há mais de 150 anos.

Posted on 29 Jul 2010

Thiago

Thiago

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