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Brazil

Brazil People Stats

Author: Edsel.G

Author: Edsel.G

Brazil has a population of over 200 million as of 2013; this makes the country the fifth most populous country in the world and the most populous country in South America. Brazil’s population is hugely diverse, and it boasts that the new generation of Brazilians will be an amalgam of the major races of the world, including African, Asian, European, and the Indian natives of the country. The diversity has been one of the strong points of the Brazilian culture, and has even attracted millions of tourists who visit the country to visit the many colorful and extravagant cultural displays of its multi-culture festivals.

Around 50% of the entire population is of European ancestry, and the number continues to grow. Brazil has special laws which attract Portuguese. Indeed, Brazil has had especially close ties with Portugal because of the latter’s colonization of the former. Portuguese is considered as the national language and is spoken universally.

The country also has a sizeable population of Africans. Many of these migrated from the African continent, while a significant percent are descendants from the European slave trade of the 17th century. Around 40% of the population is of Afro-European descent.

Japan’s population in Brazil dominates the Asian population in the country. Nearly half a million individuals of Japanese ancestry reside in many cities in the country. The huge number of Japanese can be traced back to 1907, when the Japanese and Brazilian governments signed a treaty allowing the said migration.

75% of the population is Roman Catholics, although a much lesser percentage practices the said religion. Protestants are smaller in number, but their popularity is growing. However, Roman Catholic traditions dominate much of the country’s important festivals

Demographic profile:

Brazil's rapid fertility decline since the 1960s is the main factor behind the country's slowing population growth rate, aging population, and fast-paced demographic transition. Brasilia has not taken full advantage of its large working-age population to develop its human capital and strengthen its social and economic institutions. The current favorable age structure will begin to shift around 2025, with the labor force shrinking and the elderly starting to compose an increasing share of the total population. Well-funded public pensions have nearly wiped out poverty among the elderly, but limited social spending on children has restricted investment in education - a primary means of escaping poverty. Brazil's poverty and income inequality levels remain high despite improvements in the 2000s and continue to disproportionately affect the Northeast, North, and Center-West, women, and black, mixed race, and indigenous populations. Disparities in opportunities foster social exclusion and contribute to Brazil's high crime rate, particularly violent crime in cities and favelas.
Brazil has traditionally been a net recipient of immigrants, with its southeast being the prime destination. After the importation of African slaves was outlawed in the mid-19th century, Brazil sought Europeans (Italians, Portuguese, Spaniards, and Germans) and later Asians (Japanese) to work in agriculture, especially coffee cultivation. Recent immigrants come mainly from Argentina, Chile, and Andean countries (many are unskilled illegal migrants) or are returning Brazilian nationals. Since Brazil's economic downturn in the 1980s, emigration to the United States, Europe, and Japan has been rising but is negligible relative to Brazil's total population. The majority of these emigrants are well-educated and middle-class. Fewer Brazilian peasants are emigrating to neighboring countries to take up agricultural work.

Definitions

  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Divorce rate: Divorce rate per 1,000 people
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Age structure > 65 years and over 7.3% 2013 100th out of 228
Birth rate 14.97 births/1,000 population 2013 133th out of 223
Death rate 6.51 deaths/1,000 population 2013 150th out of 223
Divorce rate 0.26 per 1,000 people 2004 33th out of 34
Ethnic groups white 53.7%, mulatto (mixed white and black) 38.5%, black 6.2%, other (includes Japanese, Arab, Amerindian) 0.9%, unspecified 0.7% 2000
Literacy > Female 90.7% 2010 39th out of 83
Literacy > Male 90.1% 2013 135th out of 208
Population 201.01 million 2013 5th out of 251
Population growth rate 0.83% 2013 132nd out of 231
Population in 2015 209,401 2015 5th out of 223
Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.74 male(s)/female 2013 153th out of 225
Sex ratio > At birth 1.05 male(s)/female 2013 89th out of 225
Sex ratio > Total population 0.98 male(s)/female 2013 120th out of 225
Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.04 male(s)/female 2012 116th out of 225
Total fertility rate 1.81 children born/woman 2013 150th out of 221

SOURCES: CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; divorcereform.org2004; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision and World Urbanization Prospects: http://esa.un.org/unpp

Citation

"Brazil People Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Brazil/People

NationMaster

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Brazil has a population of over 200 million as of 2013; this makes the country the fifth most populous country in the world and the most populous country in South America. Brazil’s population is hugely diverse, and it boasts that the new generation of Brazilians will be an amalgam of the major races of the world, including African, Asian, European, and the Indian natives of the country. The diversity has been one of the strong points of the Brazilian culture, and has even attracted millions of tourists who visit the country to visit the many colorful and extravagant cultural displays of its multi-culture festivals.

Around 50% of the entire population is of European ancestry, and the number continues to grow. Brazil has special laws which attract Portuguese. Indeed, Brazil has had especially close ties with Portugal because of the latter’s colonization of the former. Portuguese is considered as the national language and is spoken universally.

The country also has a sizeable population of Africans. Many of these migrated from the African continent, while a significant percent are descendants from the European slave trade of the 17th century. Around 40% of the population is of Afro-European descent.

Japan’s population in Brazil dominates the Asian population in the country. Nearly half a million individuals of Japanese ancestry reside in many cities in the country. The huge number of Japanese can be traced back to 1907, when the Japanese and Brazilian governments signed a treaty allowing the said migration.

75% of the population is Roman Catholics, although a much lesser percentage practices the said religion. Protestants are smaller in number, but their popularity is growing. However, Roman Catholic traditions dominate much of the country’s important festivals

Posted on 06 Apr 2014

Edsel.G

Edsel.G

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