Ismael Omar Guelleh, known in Djibouti by his initials, IOG, won a second term in a one-man presidential race in 2005 and a third term in April 2011.
Parliament - which does not include any representatives of the opposition - approved an amendment to the constitution in 2010 allowing the president to run for a third term.
The constitutional reforms also cut the presidential mandate to five years from six, and created a senate.
Mr Guelleh succeeded his uncle and Djibouti's first president, Hassan Gouled Aptidon, in April 1999 at the age of 52. He was elected in a multi-party ballot.
Mr Guelleh supports Djibouti's traditionally strong ties with France and has tried to reconcile the different factions in neighbouring Somalia.
- Administrative divisions: This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (BGN). Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by BGN are noted.
- Capital city > Geographic coordinates: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
- Constitution: The dates of adoption, revisions, and major amendments to a nation's constitution
- Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
- Executive branch > Cabinet: Cabinet includes the official name for any body of high-ranking advisers roughly comparable to a U.S. Cabinet. Also notes the method for selection of members.
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"Djibouti Government Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Djibouti/Government
"Djibouti Government Stats, NationMaster." 1977-2014. <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Djibouti/Government>.
'Djibouti Government Stats, NationMaster', <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Djibouti/Government> [assessed 1977-2014]
"Djibouti Government Stats", NationMaster [Internet]. 1977-2014. Avaliable from: <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Djibouti/Government>.
"Djibouti Government Stats", NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 1977-2014.
"Djibouti Government Stats, NationMaster," http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Djibouti/Government (assessed 1977-2014)
"Djibouti Government Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Djibouti/Government (last visited 1977-2014)
"Djibouti Government Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Djibouti/Government (as of 1977-2014)
Djibouti Government Profiles (Subcategories)
- Djibouti ranked first for democracy > female candidacy amongst Hot countries in 2001.
- Djibouti ranked first for general government final > consumption expenditure > current US$ > per $ GDP amongst Muslim countries in 2005.
- Djibouti ranked first for red tape > start-up procedures to register a business > number per million amongst Former French colonies in 2012.