India Geography Stats


  • Area > Comparative: The area of various small countries expressed in comparison to various areas within the United States of America.
  • Area > Comparative to US places: This entry provides an area comparison based on total area equivalents. Most entities are compared with the entire US or one of the 50 states based on area measurements (1990 revised) provided by the US Bureau of the Census. The smaller entities are compared with Washington, DC (178 sq km, 69 sq mi) or The Mall in Washington, DC (0.59 sq km, 0.23 sq mi, 146 acres).
  • Area > Land: Total land area in square kilometres
  • Area > Land > Per capita: Total land area in square kilometres Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Area > Total: Total area in square kilometers
  • Average rainfall in depth > Mm per year: Average rainfall is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid.
  • Climate: A brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year.
  • Coastline: The total length of the boundary between the land area (including islands) and the sea.
  • Geographic coordinates: This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures for the purpose of finding the approximate geographic center of an entity and is based on the Gazetteer of Conventional Names, Third Edition, August 1988, US Board on Geographic Names and on other sources.
  • Land area > Sq. km: Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Land area > Square miles: Country land area.
  • Location: The country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water.
  • Natural resources: A country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance.
  • Surface area > Sq. km: Surface area is a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways.
  • Terrain: A brief description of the topography
Area > Comparative slightly more than one-third the size of the US 2013
Area > Comparative to US places slightly more than one-third the size of the US 2008
Area > Land 2.97 million sq km 2008 8th out of 235
Area > Land > Per capita 2.59 sq km per 1,000 people 2008 195th out of 224
Area > Total 3.29 million sq km 2013 8th out of 251
Average rainfall in depth > Mm per year 1,083 2008 83th out of 169
Climate varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north 2013
Coastline 7,000 km 2014 20th out of 242
Geographic coordinates 20 00 N, 77 00 E 2013
Land area > Sq. km 2.97 million sq km 2008 8th out of 199
Land area > Square miles 1.24 million square miles 2013 4th out of 98
Location Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan 2013
Natural resources coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, rare earth elements, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land 2013
Surface area > Sq. km 3.29 million km² 2005 7th out of 204
Terrain upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north 2013

SOURCES: CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Food and Agriculture Organisation, electronic files and web site.; British Broadcasting Corporation 2014; World Development Indicators database


"India Geography Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/India/Geography


India Geography Profiles (Subcategories)

Area 11 Land boundaries 4
Environment 3 Land use 3
Freshwater withdrawal 6 Maritime claims 6
Land area 3 Surface area 3
  • India ranked first for area > water amongst Hot countries in 2013.
  • India ranked first for area > total amongst Densely populated countries in 2013.
  • India ranked second for land use > arable land amongst Former British colonies in 2013.
  • India ranked first for population density > people per sq. km amongst Emerging markets in 2005.


Hi Misha, see the articles at the end of the opening page of the detailed profile of India, especially, on the history of India and its religion.

Posted on 19 May 2005

Suchita Vemuri, Staff Editor

Suchita Vemuri, Staff Editor