- Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
- Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
- Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
- Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
- Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
- Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
- Gender > Female population: Total female population.
- Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
- Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
- Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
- Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
- Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
- Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
- Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
- Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
SOURCES: United Nations Population Division. Source tables; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision and World Urbanization Prospects: http://esa.un.org/unpp
"Somalia People Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Somalia/People
"Somalia People Stats, NationMaster." 1950-2100. <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Somalia/People>.
'Somalia People Stats, NationMaster', <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Somalia/People> [assessed 1950-2100]
"Somalia People Stats", NationMaster [Internet]. 1950-2100. Avaliable from: <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Somalia/People>.
"Somalia People Stats", NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 1950-2100.
"Somalia People Stats, NationMaster," http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Somalia/People (assessed 1950-2100)
"Somalia People Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Somalia/People (last visited 1950-2100)
"Somalia People Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Somalia/People (as of 1950-2100)
Somalia People Profiles (Subcategories)
- Somalia ranked first for total fertility rate amongst Former British colonies in 2013.
- Somalia ranked third for death rate amongst Hot countries in 2013.
- Somalia ranked #4 for birth rate amongst Muslim countries in 2013.
- Somalia ranked first for migration > refugee population by country or territory of origin amongst Sub-Saharan Africa in 2009.
- Somalia ranked third for infant mortality rate > total globally in 2013.
- Somalia ranked 4th last for population amongst Failed states in 2013.
ANSWERS TO CHAPTER ONE
A) The focus was to find the difference in life expectancy between US counties. The primary question the research addressed is that mortality increased in a large number of counties, primarily because of chronic diseases related to smoking, overweight and obesity, and high blood pressure. The poorer the county is the shorter the life expectancy gets.
B) Disease, poverty and substance abuse are the identified important factors that can lead to a short life expectancy. The crime rate of the county is another factor.
C) Yes thereâ€™s a hypothesis and it is stated in the article â€œLife expectancy may have reached an all-time high for the United States, but it is declining in many poor counties.â€ And it is declining in poor counties.
D) The results of the study answered the last part of the hypothesis.
Link for the article= http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSN2146521720080422?pageNumber=1