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Venezuela

Venezuela Government Stats

Profile:

Nicolas Maduro assumed the role of acting president at the death of Hugo Chavez in March 2013, and was declared winner of the presidential elections held the following month.

He was named as vice-president in October 2010 by Mr Chavez, who subsequently named him as his preferred successor.

The opposition candidate in the presidential election, Henrique Capriles, said he would contest the results of the vote.

Mr Capriles lost by less than two percentage points, but said his team had a list of more than 3,000 irregularities and demanded a recount.

Mr Maduro called for calm and for the result to be respected.

Analysts of the Venezuelan political scene say the narrow margin of victory leaves Mr Maduro with reduced authority and the difficult task of maintaining unity in a ruling alliance that includes military officers, oil executives and slum leaders.

Definitions

  • Administrative divisions: This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (BGN). Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by BGN are noted.
  • Capital city > Geographic coordinates: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
  • Constitution: The dates of adoption, revisions, and major amendments to a nation's constitution
  • Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • Executive branch > Cabinet: Cabinet includes the official name for any body of high-ranking advisers roughly comparable to a U.S. Cabinet. Also notes the method for selection of members.
  • Executive branch > Elections: Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election
  • Executive branch > Head of government: Head of government includes the name and title of the top administrative leader who is designated to manage the day-to-day activities of the government. For example, in the UK, the monarch is the chief of state, and the prime minister is the head of government. In the US, the president is both the chief of state and the head of government.
  • Government type: A description of the basic form of government (e.g., republic, constitutional monarchy, federal republic, parliamentary democracy, military dictatorship).
  • Independence: For most countries, this entry gives the date that sovereignty was achieved and from which nation, empire, or trusteeship. For the other countries, the date given may not represent "independence" in the strict sense, but rather some significant nationhood event such as the traditional founding date or the date of unification, federation, confederation, establishment, fundamental change in the form of government, or state succession. Dependent areas include the notation "none" followed by the nature of their dependency status. "
  • Judicial branch: The name(s) of the highest court(s) and a brief description of the selection process for members.
  • Legal system: A brief description of the legal system's historical roots, role in government, and acceptance of International Court of Justice (ICJ) jurisdiction.
  • Legislative branch: This entry contains information on the structure (unicameral, bicameral, tricameral), formal name, number of seats, and term of office. Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election. Election results includes the percent of vote and/or number of seats held by each party in the last election.
  • Political parties and leaders: Significant political organizations and their leaders.
  • Political pressure groups and leaders: Organizations with leaders involved in politics, but not standing for legislative election.
  • Suffrage: The age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Administrative divisions 23 states (estados, singular - estado), 1 capital district* (distrito capital), and 1 federal dependency** (dependencia federal); Amazonas, Anzoategui, Apure, Aragua, Barinas, Bolivar, Carabobo, Cojedes, Delta Amacuro, Dependencias Federales (Federal Dependencies)**, Distrito Capital (Capital District)*, Falcon, Guarico, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Monagas, Nueva Esparta, Portuguesa, Sucre, Tachira, Trujillo, Vargas, Yaracuy, Zulia 2013
Capital city > Geographic coordinates 10 30 N, 66 56 W 2008
Constitution 30 6411
Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address . 6411
Executive branch > Cabinet Council of Ministers appointed by the president 6411
Executive branch > Elections president elected by popular vote for a six-year term (eligible for unlimited reelection); election last held on 3 December 2006 (next to be held in December 2012) 6411
Executive branch > Head of government President Hugo CHAVEZ Frias (since 3 February 1999); Executive Vice President Elias JAUA Milano (since 26 January 2010) 6411
Government type federal republic 2013
Independence 5 July 1811 (from Spain) 2013
Judicial branch Supreme Tribunal of Justice or Tribunal Supremo de Justicia 6411
Legal system adversarial court system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction 6411
Legislative branch unicameral National Assembly or Asamblea Nacional 6411
Political parties and leaders A New Time or UNT [Omar BARBOZA]; Brave People's Alliance or ABP [Oscar PEREZ]; Christian Democrats or COPEI [Luis Ignacio PLANAS]; Communist Party of Venezuela or PCV [Oscar FIGUERA]; Democratic Action or AD [Henry RAMOS Allup]; Fatherland for All or PPT [Jose ALBORNOZ]; For Social Democracy or PODEMOS [Ramon MARTINEZ]; Justice First [Julio BORGES]; Movement Toward Socialism or MAS [Felipe MUJICA]; United Socialist Party of Venezuela or PSUV [Hugo CHAVEZ]; Venezuela Project or PV [Henrique SALAS Romer] 6411
Political pressure groups and leaders a conservative business group; VECINOS groups; Venezuelan Confederation of Workers or CTV (labor organization dominated by the Democratic Action) 6411
Suffrage 18 6411

SOURCES: CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011

Citation

"Venezuela Government Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Venezuela/Government

0

Status: Pseudo Democracy?

The Sites definition for a "Pseudo-Democracy" is:

"state in which there are democratic structures but without a real chance for an alternance of power"

This implicate, that a lost of PSUV-Forces in the democratic elections(certified by Carter Center et al) would not get implemented / get supressed by the actual goverment.

Thats a highly speculative assumption, especially when you take into consideration, that the actual goverment accepted without hesitation the win of (National) opposition gorces in several regional and city-districts (including the governor-election for the most important province and the mayor-office for the capital).

If PSUV-Forces would loose parliamentary elections and/or Chavez an Presidential election, its highly likely, that they would leave office, especially because their power rest on electoral success and on emphasizing the constitution and not on military forces (which are actually more sympathetic to opposition-goals than the average population).

The idea, that the PSUV would try to establish goverment by force if they would loose general elections is not realistic and would at least overestimate the the repressive capacity of the party or the military potential they have at hand. The PSUV/Chavez Goverment is in place because they won elections, the couldn't hold power without this.

Posted on 05 Aug 2009

Fairfis

Fairfis