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Country vs country: Norway and United States compared: Education

Definitions

  • Class size > Age 13: The average number of 13-year-old students per class.
  • Educational attainment > Tertiary: Percentage of adult population (aged 25-64) educated till tertiary level (year 2000).
  • Enrolment ratio > Secondary level: Net enrolment ratio, secondary level, is the ratio of the number of children of official secondary school age enrolled in school to the number of children of official secondary school age in the population.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Mathematical literacy: Mathematical literacy mean value of performance scale 15 years old 2000
  • Preschool enrollment rate: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Primary teacher salary > Starting: Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions in primary education, in equivalent US dollars converted using PPPs. Data for 1999.
  • Reading literacy: Reading literacy mean value of performance scale (15 years old, 2000)
  • School life expectancy > Male: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • School life expectancy > Total: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Scientific literacy: Scientific literacy mean value of performance scale 15 years old (2000)
  • Tertiary enrollment: Gross enrolment ratio, tertiary level is the sum of all tertiary level students enrolled at the start of the school year, expressed as a percentage of the mid-year population in the 5 year age group after the official secondary school leaving age.
  • High school > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Elementary school > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Educational attainment > Senior secondary: Percentage of adult population (aged 25-64) educated till senior secondary level (year 2000).
  • Class size > Age 9: The average number of children in every class of nine-year-olds.
  • Spending > USD: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment."
  • Universities > Top 200: Number of universities in the top 200
  • Elementary school repeaters > Female: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • Elementary school teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • High school teachers: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Young longtext readers: Share of 15-year-olds who are frequent longtext readers(2000)
  • Educational attainment > Junior secondary: Percentage of adult population (aged 25-64) educated till junior secondary level (year 2000).
  • Elementary school > Enrolled students: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • School life expectancy > Female: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Young shorttext readers: Share of 15-year-olds who are frequent shorttext (particularly comics) readers (2000)
  • Female teachers > Lower secondary: Percentage share of lower secondary level teachers at who are female. Data for 2000.
  • Elementary school graduate rate: Persistence to last grade of primary is the percentage of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary education. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Elementary school repeaters > All: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • Preschool enrollment rate > Female: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment."
  • Spending > Proportion: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment. Expressed as a proportion of GNI."
  • School enrollment > Tertiary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • School enrollment > Primary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • School enrollment > Primary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • School enrollment > Preprimary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment.
  • Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Female > % of relevant age group: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age.
  • Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Total > % of relevant age group: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age.
  • School enrollment > Preprimary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • Secondary education > Teachers > % female: Female teachers as a percentage of total secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Female > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Male > % of relevant age group: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age.
  • Primary education > Teachers > Per capita: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Primary education > Pupils > Per capita: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Primary education > Pupils > % female: Female pupils as a percentage of total pupils at primary level include enrollments in public and private schools.
  • Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > Private > % of total secondary: Private enrollment refers to pupils or students enrolled in institutions that are not operated by a public authority but controlled and managed, whether for profit or not, by a private body such as a nongovernmental organization, religious body, special interest group, foundation or business enterprise.
  • School enrollment > Primary > Private > % of total primary: Private enrollment refers to pupils or students enrolled in institutions that are not operated by a public authority but controlled and managed, whether for profit or not, by a private body such as a nongovernmental organization, religious body, special interest group, foundation or business enterprise.
  • Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Average years of schooling of adults: Average years of schooling of adults is the years of formal schooling received, on average, by adults over age 15. (Data Source: Barro-Lee Data Set www.worldbank.org/html/prdmg/grthweb/ddbarle2.htm)
  • Student attitude > Dislike of school: Percentage of schoolgoing children who do not like going to school (2000).
  • College and university > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • Elementary school > Enrolled students > % female: Female pupils as a percentage of total pupils at primary level include enrollments in public and private schools.
  • Elementary school graduate rate > Female: Persistence to last grade of primary is the percentage of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary education. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Elementary school graduate rate > Male: Persistence to last grade of primary is the percentage of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary education. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Elementary school repeaters > Male: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • Elementary school starting age > Years: Primary school starting age is the age at which students would enter primary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade."
  • Elementary school teachers > % female: Female teachers as a percentage of total primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Government spending on education > % of GDP: Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Government spending on education > % of government spending: Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • High school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age is the age at which students would enter secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade."
  • High school teachers > % female: Female teachers as a percentage of total secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Inputs > Secondary education > Teachers > Female: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Outcomes > Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • Outcomes > Secondary education > Duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years) is the number of grades (years) in secondary school."
  • Participation > Children out of school > Elementary > Female: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Participation > Children out of school > Elementary > Male: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Participation > Children out of school > Elementary: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Participation > Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education: Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.
  • Participation > School enrollment > Preprimary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Male > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Private > % of total primary: Private enrollment refers to pupils or students enrolled in institutions that are not operated by a public authority but controlled and managed, whether for profit or not, by a private body such as a nongovernmental organisation, religious body, special interest group, foundation or business enterprise."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Private > % of total secondary: Private enrollment refers to pupils or students enrolled in institutions that are not operated by a public authority but controlled and managed, whether for profit or not, by a private body such as a nongovernmental organisation, religious body, special interest group, foundation or business enterprise."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level."
  • Participation > Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training."
  • Participation > Secondary education > General pupils > % female: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training."
  • Participation > Secondary education > Pupils > % female: Female pupils as a percentage of total pupils at secondary level includes enrollments in public and private schools.
  • Participation > Secondary education > Pupils: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Participation > Secondary education > Vocational pupils > % female: Secondary vocational pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in technical and vocational education programs, including teacher training."
  • Participation > Total enrollment > Primary > % net: Total enrollment is the number of pupils of the school-age group for primary education, enrolled either in primary or secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group."
  • Participation > Total enrollment > Primary > Female > % net: Total enrollment is the number of pupils of the school-age group for primary education, enrolled either in primary or secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group."
  • Participation > Total enrollment > Primary > Male > % net: Total enrollment is the number of pupils of the school-age group for primary education, enrolled either in primary or secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group."
  • Preschool enrollment rate > Male: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment."
  • School enrolment rate > 1st grade > Female: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age."
  • School enrolment rate > 1st grade > Male: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age."
  • School enrolment rate > 1st grade: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age."
  • School enrolment rate > 5th grade > Female: Persistence to grade 5 (percentage of cohort reaching grade 5) is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • School enrolment rate > 5th grade > Male: Persistence to grade 5 (percentage of cohort reaching grade 5) is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • School enrolment rate > 5th grade: Persistence to grade 5 (percentage of cohort reaching grade 5) is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Spending per student > College and university: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Spending per student > Elementary school: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Spending per student > High school: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Teacher student ratio > Elementary school: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Teacher student ratio > High school: Secondary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Duration of education > Secondary level: Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (or years) in general secondary education.
  • Student attitude > Report class disorder: Percentage of students who report high noise level and disorder in classes (2000).
  • Public spending per student > Tertiary level: Public expenditure per student, tertiary level is the total reported current spending by the government on tertiary education, divided by the total number of pupils in tertiary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD per million: Research and development (R&D) comprise creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications. R&D is a term covering three activities: basic research, applied research, and experimental development. Basic research is experimental or theoretical work undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge of the underlying foundation of phenomena and observable facts, without any particular application or use in view. Applied research is also original investigation undertaken in order to acquire new knowledge. It is, however, directed primarily towards a specific practical aim or objective. Experimental development is systematic work, drawing on existing knowledge gained from research and/or practical experience, which is directed to producing new materials, products or devices, to installing new processes, systems and services, or to improving substantially those already produced or installed.

    The main aggregate used for international comparisons is gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD). This consists of the total expenditure (current and capital) on R&D by all resident companies, research institutes, university and government laboratories, etc. It excludes R&D expenditures financed by domestic firms but performed abroad. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.

  • Duration of education > Primary level: Duration of primary education is the number of grades (or years) in primary education.
  • Literacy > Adults at high literacy level: Percentage of adults whose level of document literacy is rated 'high'. Data for 1998.
  • Public spending per student > Primary level: Public expenditure per student, primary level is the total reported current spending by the government on primary education, divided by the total number of pupils in primary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Expected duration of education for all students: Expected years of schooling for a 5-year-old under current conditions, excluding education for children under 5. Data for 2000.
  • Spending per primary school student: Primary school spending per pupil in 1998, converted into US dollars by purchasing power parity.
  • Expected duration of education for females: Expected years of schooling for a female 5-year-old under current conditions, excluding education for children under 5. Data for 2000.
  • Primary teacher salary per hour > After 15 years: Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions in primary level education, per hour after 15 years experience and typical training. Expressed in equivalent US dollars converted using Purchasing Power Parities (PPP's). Data for 1999.
  • Students whose mothers have secondary education > Age 13: Percentage of 13-year-old students whose mothers have at least secondary education.
  • Spending per secondary school student: Secondary school spending per pupil in 1998, converted into US dollars by purchasing power parity.
  • Teachers as percentage of labor force: The percentage share of the total labor force who are classroom, academic staff, and other teachers. Data for 1999.
  • Female enrolment share > Secondary level: Girls' enrolment share, secondary level is the number of girls enrolled in secondary school, expressed as a percentage of the total number of pupils in secondary school.
  • Students from households with computer > Age 13: Percentage of 13-year-old students who come from households with at least one computer.
  • Students from households with calculator > Age 13: Percentage of 13-year-old students who come from households containing at least one calculator.
  • Female enrolment share > Primary level: Girls' enrolment share, primary level is the number of girls enrolled in primary school, expressed as a percentage of the total number of pupils in primary school.
  • Proportion of 20 year olds in tertiary education: Percentage share of 20 year-olds enrolled in tertiary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Share of university qualifications awarded to females > First degree: Percentage share of tertiary level A qualifications as first degree awarded to females. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of 17 year olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 17 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Public spending per student > Secondary level: Public expenditure per student, secondary level is the total reported current spending by the government on secondary education, divided by the total number of pupils in secondary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Students from households with study desk > Age 9: Percentage of nine-year-old students who come from households where there is at least one study desk.
  • Expected duration of education for males: Expected years of schooling for a male 5-year-old under current conditions, excluding education for children under 5. Data for 2000.
  • Students from households with computer > Age 9: Percentage of nine-year-old students who come from households with at least one computer.
  • Private school enrolment > Secondary level: Private sector enrolment share, secondary level is the share of students in general secondary education who attend a privately managed school, regardless of whether or not the school receives subsidies from the government.
  • Primary teacher salary > After 15 years: Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions in primary education, in equivalent US dollars converted using PPPs. Data for 1999.
  • Students from households with more than 25 books > Age 13: Percentage of 13 year-old students who come from households owning more than 25 books.
  • Proportion of 18 year olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 18 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of 18 year olds in tertiary education: Percentage share of 18 year-olds enrolled in tertiary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Spending per primary school student > Per $ GDP: Primary school spending per pupil in 1998, converted into US dollars by purchasing power parity. Per $ GDP figures expressed per $1,000 of Gross Domestic Product.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning vocational skills: Intended instruction time spent studying vocational skills, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning mathematics: Intended instruction time spent practicing mathematics, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Students from households with calculator > Age 9: Percentage of nine-year-old students who come from households with at least one calculator.
  • Students from households with more than 25 books > Age 9: Percentage of nine-year-old students who have more than 25 books at home.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning science: Intended instruction time spent studying science, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Literacy > Adults with at least moderate literacy: Percentage of adult females who have at least a moderate level of literacy, in selected OECD countries. Data for 1998.
  • Literacy > Adults with at least moderate literacy > Female: Percentage of adult females who have at least a moderate level of literacy, in selected OECD countries. Data for 1998.
  • Students whose father has secondary education: Percentage of students whose fathers have at least secondary education.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning foreign languages: Intended instruction time spent studying modern foreign languages, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Proportion of 19 year olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 19 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Literacy > Adults with at least moderate literacy > Male: Percentage of adult males who have at least a moderate level of literacy, in selected OECD countries. Data for 1998.
  • Proportion of 16 year-olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 16 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning technology: Intended instruction time spent studying technology, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Spending per secondary school student > Per $ GDP: Secondary school spending per pupil in 1998, converted into US dollars by purchasing power parity. Per $ GDP figures expressed per $1,000 of Gross Domestic Product.
  • Students from households with dictionary > Age 13: The percentage of 13-year-old students who come from a household with a dictionary.
  • Students from households with study desk > Age 13: Percentage of 13-year-old students who come from households with at least one study desk.
  • Students living with mother > Age 9: Percentage of nine-year-old students who live with their mother.
  • Proportion of 20 year olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 20 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning religion: Intended instruction time spent studying religion, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Pupils-teacher ratio > Secondary level: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary level is the average number of pupils per teacher in secondary education. Cross-country comparisons may be affected by such factors as the composition of teachers by part- and full-time employment.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning social studies: Intended instruction time spent studying socail studies, or equivalent, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Students living with mother > Age 13: Percentage of 13-year-old students who live with their mother.
  • Students from households with dictionary > Age 9: The percentage of nine-year-old students who come from households with a dictionary.
  • Private school enrolment > Primary level: Private sector enrolment share, primary level is the share of primary school pupils who attend a privately managed school, regardless of whether or not the school receives subsidies from the government.
  • Teacher qualifications > Share with special training > Age 13: Of those teachers who teach students aged 13, the percentage who have specialised teacher training.
  • Share of vocational tertiary qualifications awarded to females > First degree: Percentage share of tertiary level B qualifications as first degree awarded to females. Data for 2000.
  • Teacher qualifications > Share with degree > Age 9: Of those teachers who teach students aged 9, the percentage who have one or more university degrees.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning arts: Intended instruction time spent studying arts, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Share of university qualifications awarded to females > Advanced research degree: Percentage share of advanced research degrees awarded to females. Data for 2000.
  • Teacher qualifications > Years experience > Age 13: The average number of years of teaching experience, for teachers of students aged 13.
  • Teacher qualifications > Years experience > Age 9: The average number of years of experience of teachers who teach children aged 9.
  • Proportion of 15 year-olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 15 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of 17 year olds in tertiary education: Percentage share of 17 year-olds enrolled in tertiary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Teacher qualifications > Share with special training > Age 9: Of those teachers who teach students aged 9, the percentage who have specialised teacher training.
  • Expenditure on education > Change in expenditure on education > Expenditure in tertiary education: The indicator shows direct public and private expenditure on educational institutions in relation to the number of full-time equivalent students enrolled in these institutions. Public subsidies for students’ living expenses have been excluded to ensure international comparability of the data.

    Expenditure on education per student is obtained by dividing the total expenditure on educational institutions by the number of full-time equivalents students. Only those educational institutions and programmes are taken into account for which both enrolment and expenditure data are available.

  • Primary teacher salary > Starting, % of GDP: Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions in primary education, in equivalent US dollars converted using PPPs. Data for 1999. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Services, etc., value added > Current US$: Services, etc., value added (current US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant LCU: Services, etc., value added (constant LCU). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Services, etc., value added > % of GDP: Services, etc., value added (% of GDP). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99 and they include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Note: For VAB countries, gross value added at factor cost is used as the denominator.
  • Ratio of female to male enrollments in tertiary education: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • Adjusted savings: education expenditure > % of GNI: Adjusted savings: education expenditure (% of GNI). Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment.
  • Students from households with computer > Age 13 per million: Percentage of 13-year-old students who come from households with at least one computer. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Universities > Top 200 per million: Number of universities in the top 200. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Students from households with more than 25 books > Age 13 per million: Percentage of 13 year-old students who come from households owning more than 25 books. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Primary education > Teachers > % female: Female teachers as a percentage of total primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Primary education > Teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Primary teacher salary > Starting; ratio to GDP per capita: Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions in primary education, in equivalent US dollars converted using PPPs. Data for 1999.
  • Ratio of female to male primary enrollment > %: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment (%). Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education > %: Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education (%). Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.
  • Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment > %: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment (%). Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment > %: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment (%). Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • School enrollment, preprimary > % gross: School enrollment, preprimary (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Pre-primary. Total is the total enrollment in pre-primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total population of official pre-primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, preprimary, female > % gross: School enrollment, preprimary, female (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Pre-primary. Female is the total female enrollment in pre-primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total female population of official pre-primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, preprimary, male > % gross: School enrollment, preprimary, male (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Pre-primary. Male is the total male enrollment in pre-primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total male population of official pre-primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • Primary school starting age > Years: Primary school starting age (years). Entrance age of primary is the age at which students would enter primary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • Primary completion rate, total > % of relevant age group: Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group). Primary completion rate. Total is the total number of new entrants in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, expressed as percentage of the total population of the theoretical entrance age to the last grade of primary. This indicator is also known as "gross intake rate to the last grade of primary." The ratio can exceed 100% due to over-aged and under-aged children who enter primary school late/early and/or repeat grades.
  • Primary education, duration > Years: Primary education, duration (years). Duration of primary is the number of grades (years) in primary education.
  • Primary education, pupils: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions.
  • Primary education, pupils > % female: Primary education, pupils (% female). Percentage of female students. Primary is the number of female students at the primary level expressed as a percentage of the total number of students (male and female) at the primary level in a given school year.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, primary: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Primary is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers.
  • School enrollment, primary > % gross: School enrollment, primary (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Primary. Total is the total enrollment in primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of official primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • Universities > Top 200 > Per $ GDP: Number of universities in the top 200 Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • School enrollment, primary, female > % gross: School enrollment, primary, female (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Primary. Female is the total female enrollment in primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the female population of official primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, female > % of relevant age group: Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, female (% of relevant age group). Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age.
  • School enrollment, primary, male > % gross: School enrollment, primary, male (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Primary. Male is the total male enrollment in primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the male population of official primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, male > % of relevant age group: Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, male (% of relevant age group). Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age.
  • Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, total > % of relevant age group: Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, total (% of relevant age group). Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age.
  • School enrollment, primary, female > % net: School enrollment, primary, female (% net). Net enrolment rate. Primary. Female is the ratio of female children of the official primary school age who are enrolled in primary school to the female population of the official primary school age.
  • School enrollment, primary > % net: School enrollment, primary (% net). Net enrolment rate. Primary. Total is the ratio of children of the official primary school age who are enrolled in primary school to the total population of the official primary school age.
  • School enrollment, primary, male > % net: School enrollment, primary, male (% net). Net enrolment rate. Primary. Male is the ratio of male children of the official primary school age who are enrolled in primary school to the male population of the official primary school age.
  • Persistence to grade 5, female > % of cohort: Persistence to grade 5, female (% of cohort). Survival rate to grade 5. Female is the share of female children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is calculated on the basis of the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrolment and repeaters for two consecutive years.
  • School enrollment, primary, private > % of total primary: School enrollment, primary, private (% of total primary). Percentage of private enrolment. Primary is the enrolment in private primary schools expressed as a percentage of total enrolment (public and private) in primary schools. 'Private' refers to all educational institutions not operated by a public authority, regardless of whether they receive financial support from public authorities. A high percentage indicates strong involvement of the non-governmental sector (including religious bodies, other organizations, associations, communities, private enterprises or persons) in providing organized educational programmes.
  • Persistence to grade 5, male > % of cohort: Persistence to grade 5, male (% of cohort). Survival rate to grade 5. Male is the share of male children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is calculated on the basis of the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrolment and repeaters for two consecutive years.
  • Persistence to grade 5, total > % of cohort: Persistence to grade 5, total (% of cohort). Survival rate to grade 5. Total is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is calculated on the basis of the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrolment and repeaters for two consecutive years.
  • Persistence to last grade of primary, female > % of cohort: Persistence to last grade of primary, female (% of cohort). Survival rate to last grade of primary. Female is the share of female children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary. The estimate is calculated on the basis of the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrolment and repeaters for two consecutive years.
  • Persistence to last grade of primary, male > % of cohort: Persistence to last grade of primary, male (% of cohort). Survival rate to last grade of primary. Male is the share of male children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary. The estimate is calculated on the basis of the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrolment and repeaters for two consecutive years.
  • Repeaters, primary, female > % of female enrollment: Repeaters, primary, female (% of female enrollment). Percentage of repeaters in primary. All grades. Female is the number of female students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all female students enrolled in primary school. It is calculated by dividing the sum of female repeaters in all grades of primary education by the total female enrolment of primary education and multiplying the result by 100.
  • Persistence to last grade of primary, total > % of cohort: Persistence to last grade of primary, total (% of cohort). Survival rate to last grade of primary. Total is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary. The estimate is calculated on the basis of the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrolment and repeaters for two consecutive years.
  • Repeaters, primary, male > % of male enrollment: Repeaters, primary, male (% of male enrollment). Percentage of repeaters in primary. All grades. Male is the number of male students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all male students enrolled in primary school. It is calculated by dividing the sum of male repeaters in all grades of primary education by the total male enrolment of primary education and multiplying the result by 100.
  • Repeaters, primary, total > % of total enrollment: Repeaters, primary, total (% of total enrollment). Percentage of repeaters in primary. All grades. Total is the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school. It is calculated by dividing the sum of repeaters in all grades of primary education by the total enrolment of primary education and multiplying the result by 100.
  • Primary education, teachers: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Primary education, teachers > % female: Primary education, teachers (% female). Percentage female teachers. Primary is the number of female teachers at the primary level expressed as a percentage of the total number of teachers (male and female) at the primary level in a given school year. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Total enrollment, primary > % net: Total enrollment, primary (% net). Adjusted net enrollment is the number of pupils of the school-age group for primary education, enrolled either in primary or secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group.
  • Total enrollment, primary, female > % net: Total enrollment, primary, female (% net). Adjusted net enrollment is the number of pupils of the school-age group for primary education, enrolled either in primary or secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group.
  • Total enrollment, primary, male > % net: Total enrollment, primary, male (% net). Adjusted net enrollment is the number of pupils of the school-age group for primary education, enrolled either in primary or secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group.
  • Children out of school, primary: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Children out of school, primary, female: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Children out of school, primary, male: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Secondary school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age (years). Entrance age of 2A lower secondary is the age at which students would enter lower secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • Secondary education, pupils: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Secondary education, pupils > % female: Secondary education, pupils (% female). Percentage of female students. Total secondary. All programmes is the number of female students enrolled in all secondary education programmes expressed as a percentage of the total number of students (male and female) enrolled at the secondary education level in a given school year.
  • Secondary education, general pupils: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Secondary education, general pupils > % female: Secondary education, general pupils (% female). Percentage of female students. Total secondary. General programmes is the number of female students enrolled in general programmes at the secondary education level expressed as a percentage of the total number of students (male and female) enrolled in general programmes at the secondary education level in a given school year.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers.
  • Secondary education, vocational pupils: Secondary education, vocational pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. Technical/vocational programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in technical/vocational programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • School enrollment, secondary > % gross: School enrollment, secondary (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Secondary. All programmes. Total is the total enrollment in secondary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of official secondary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, secondary, female > % gross: School enrollment, secondary, female (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Secondary. All programmes. Female is the total female enrollment in secondary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the female population of official secondary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, secondary, male > % gross: School enrollment, secondary, male (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Secondary. All programmes. Male is the total male enrollment in secondary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the male population of official secondary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, secondary > % net: School enrollment, secondary (% net). Net enrolment rate. Secondary. All programmes. Total is the ratio of children of the official secondary school age who are enrolled in secondary school to the population of the official secondary school age.
  • School enrollment, secondary, female > % net: School enrollment, secondary, female (% net). Net enrolment rate. Secondary. All programmes. Female is the ratio of female children of the official secondary school age who are enrolled in secondary school to the female population of the official secondary school age.
  • School enrollment, secondary, male > % net: School enrollment, secondary, male (% net). Net enrolment rate. Secondary. All programmes. Male is the ratio of male children of the official secondary school age who are enrolled in secondary school to the male population of the official secondary school age.
  • School enrollment, secondary, private > % of total secondary: School enrollment, secondary, private (% of total secondary). Percentage of private enrolment. Secondary is the enrolment in private secondary schools expressed as a percentage of total enrolment (public and private) in secondary schools. 'Private' refers to all educational institutions not operated by a public authority, regardless of whether they receive financial support from public authorities. A high percentage indicates strong involvement of the non-governmental sector (including religious bodies, other organizations, associations, communities, private enterprises or persons) in providing organized educational programmes.
  • Secondary education, teachers: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Secondary education, teachers, female: Secondary education, teachers, female. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Female is the total number of female teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Secondary education, teachers > % female: Secondary education, teachers (% female). Percentage female teachers. Secondary is the number of female teachers at the secondary level expressed as a percentage of the total number of teachers (male and female) at the secondary level in a given school year. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • School enrollment, tertiary > % gross: School enrollment, tertiary (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Tertiary (ISCED 5 and 6). Total is the total enrollment in tertiary education (ISCED 5 and 6), regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total population of the five-year age group following on from secondary school leaving.
  • School enrollment, tertiary, female > % gross: School enrollment, tertiary, female (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Tertiary (ISCED 5 and 6). Female is the total female enrollment in tertiary education (ISCED 5 and 6), regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total female population of the five-year age group following on from secondary school leaving.
  • School enrollment, tertiary, male > % gross: School enrollment, tertiary, male (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Tertiary (ISCED 5 and 6). Male is the total male enrollment in tertiary education (ISCED 5 and 6), regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total male population of the five-year age group following on from secondary school leaving.
  • Tertiary education, teachers > % female: Tertiary education, teachers (% female). Percentage female teachers. Tertiary is the number of female teachers at the tertiary level expressed as a percentage of the total number of teachers (male and female) at the tertiary level in a given school year. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Expenditure per student, primary > % of GDP per capita: Expenditure per student, primary (% of GDP per capita). Public expenditure per pupil as a % of GDP per capita. Primary is the total public expenditure per student in primary education as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).
  • Expenditure per student, secondary > % of GDP per capita: Expenditure per student, secondary (% of GDP per capita). Public expenditure per pupil as a % of GDP per capita. Secondary is the total public expenditure per student in secondary education as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).
  • Expenditure per student, tertiary > % of GDP per capita: Expenditure per student, tertiary (% of GDP per capita). Public expenditure per pupil as a % of GDP per capita. Tertiary is the total public expenditure per student in tertiary education as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).
  • Public spending on education, total > % of government expenditure: Public spending on education, total (% of government expenditure). Public expenditure on education as % of total government expenditure is the total public education expenditure (current and capital) expressed as a percentage of total government expenditure for all sectors in a given financial year. Public education expenditure includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration, and subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).
  • Public spending on education, total > % of GDP: Public spending on education, total (% of GDP). Public expenditure on education as % of GDP is the total public expenditure (current and capital) on education expressed as a percentage of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in a given year. Public expenditure on education includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration, and transfers/subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).
  • Labor force with primary education, female > % of female labor force: Labor force with primary education, female (% of female labor force). Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with primary education, male > % of male labor force: Labor force with primary education, male (% of male labor force). Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with primary education > % of total: Labor force with primary education (% of total). Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with secondary education, female > % of female labor force: Labor force with secondary education, female (% of female labor force). Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with secondary education, male > % of male labor force: Labor force with secondary education, male (% of male labor force). Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with secondary education > % of total: Labor force with secondary education (% of total). Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with tertiary education, female > % of female labor force: Labor force with tertiary education, female (% of female labor force). Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with tertiary education, male > % of male labor force: Labor force with tertiary education, male (% of male labor force). Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with tertiary education > % of total: Labor force with tertiary education (% of total). Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Unemployment with primary education, female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment with primary education, female (% of female unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with primary education, male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment with primary education, male (% of male unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with secondary education, female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment with secondary education, female (% of female unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with secondary education, male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment with secondary education, male (% of male unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with tertiary education, female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment with tertiary education, female (% of female unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with tertiary education, male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment with tertiary education, male (% of male unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment with tertiary education (% of total unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Researchers in R&D > Per million people: Researchers in R&D (per million people). Researchers in R&D are professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge, products, processes, methods, or systems and in the management of the projects concerned. Postgraduate PhD students (ISCED97 level 6) engaged in R&D are included.
  • Children out of school > Primary per 1000: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Scientific and technical journal articles per million: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education > Teachers per 1000: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education > General pupils per 1000: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Primary education > Teachers per 1000: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Primary education > Pupils per 1000: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male per 1000: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Public spending on education > Total > % of government expenditure: Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education plus subsidies to private education at the primary, secondary, and tertiary levels.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent in physical education: Intended instruction time spent studying physical education, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Proportion of 19 year olds in tertiary education: Percentage share of 19 year-olds enrolled in tertiary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Outcomes > Tertiary attainment > Tertiary attainment for age group 55-64: For each age group shown, those who have completed tertiary education are shown as a percentage of all persons in that age group. Tertiary education includes both tertiary-type "A programmes”, which are largely theoretically-based and designed to provide qualifications for entry to advanced research programmes and professions with high skill requirements, as well as tertiary-type "B programmes” which are classified at the same level of competencies as tertiary-type A programmes but are more occupationally-oriented and lead to direct labour market access. The tertiary attainment profiles are based on the percentage of the population aged 25 to 64 that has completed that level of education.
  • Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD: Research and development (R&D) comprise creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications. R&D is a term covering three activities: basic research, applied research, and experimental development. Basic research is experimental or theoretical work undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge of the underlying foundation of phenomena and observable facts, without any particular application or use in view. Applied research is also original investigation undertaken in order to acquire new knowledge. It is, however, directed primarily towards a specific practical aim or objective. Experimental development is systematic work, drawing on existing knowledge gained from research and/or practical experience, which is directed to producing new materials, products or devices, to installing new processes, systems and services, or to improving substantially those already produced or installed.

    The main aggregate used for international comparisons is gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD). This consists of the total expenditure (current and capital) on R&D by all resident companies, research institutes, university and government laboratories, etc. It excludes R&D expenditures financed by domestic firms but performed abroad.

  • Services, etc., value added > Current US$ per capita: Services, etc., value added (current US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Services, etc., value added > Current US$, % of GDP: Services, etc., value added (current US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant LCU per capita: Services, etc., value added (constant LCU). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Primary teacher salary > Starting per 1000: Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions in primary education, in equivalent US dollars converted using PPPs. Data for 1999. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Primary education, pupils per 1000: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Primary education, teachers per 1000: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school, primary per 1000: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school, primary, female per 1000: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school, primary, male per 1000: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, pupils per 1000: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary per million: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, vocational pupils per 1000: Secondary education, vocational pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. Technical/vocational programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in technical/vocational programmes at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, teachers per 1000: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, teachers, female per 1000: Secondary education, teachers, female. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Female is the total number of female teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Education spending > % of GDP: Government Education Expenditure (% of GDP, 2000-2002)
  • School enrollment > Primary > Male > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • Unemployment with primary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Scientific and technical journal articles: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences.
  • Literacy > Adults at moderate literacy level: Percentage of adults whose level of document literacy is rated 'moderate'. Data for 1998.
  • Literacy > Adults at low literacy level: Percentage of adults whose level of document literacy is rated 'low'. Data for 1998
  • Share of university qualifications awarded to females: Percentage share of tertiary level A qualifications as first degree awarded to females. Data for 2000.
  • Duration of compulsory education: Duration of compulsory education is the number of grades (or years) that a child must legally be enrolled in school.
  • Total expenditure as % of GDP: Total expenditure on education per year per country as % of GDP (Year 2000).
  • Student attitude > Find school boring: Percentage of students who do find school boring (2000).
  • Secondary education, general pupils per 1000: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Expenditure per student > Secondary > % of GDP per capita: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita.
  • Secondary education, duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years). Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (years) in secondary education (ISCED 2 & 3).
  • Children out of school > Primary: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Adjusted savings > Education expenditure > % of GNI: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment.
  • Public spending on education > Total > % of GDP: Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education plus subsidies to private education at the primary, secondary, and tertiary levels.
  • Unemployment with primary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with secondary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • School enrollment > Tertiary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level.
  • Expenditure per student > Primary > % of GDP per capita: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita.
  • Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • Expenditure per student > Tertiary > % of GDP per capita: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita.
  • Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education: Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.
  • Schools connected to the Internet: Schools connected to the Internet are the share of primary and secondary schools in the country that have access to the Internet.
  • Secondary education > Teachers: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training.
  • School enrollment > Primary > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
STAT Norway United States HISTORY
Class size > Age 13 14.6 students
Ranked 23th.
18.3 students
Ranked 15th. 25% more than Norway
Educational attainment > Tertiary 28%
Ranked 9th.
37%
Ranked 2nd. 32% more than Norway
Enrolment ratio > Secondary level 95%
Ranked 2nd. 8% more than United States
88.1%
Ranked 17th.
Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
Literacy > Female 100%
Ranked 1st. 1% more than United States
99%
Ranked 17th.

Literacy > Male 100%
Ranked 1st. 1% more than United States
99%
Ranked 28th.

Literacy > Total population 100%
Ranked 2nd. 1% more than United States
99%
Ranked 20th.

Mathematical literacy 499
Ranked 16th. 1% more than United States
493
Ranked 18th.
Preschool enrollment rate 98.68
Ranked 95th.
98.77
Ranked 94th. The same as Norway

Primary teacher salary > Starting $22,194
Ranked 8th.
$25,707
Ranked 5th. 16% more than Norway
Reading literacy 505
Ranked 13th. About the same as United States
504
Ranked 15th.
School life expectancy > Male 16.3 years
Ranked 2nd. 10% more than United States
14.8 years
Ranked 17th.
School life expectancy > Total 16.9 years
Ranked 1st. 11% more than United States
15.2 years
Ranked 14th.
Scientific literacy 500
Ranked 12th. About the same as United States
499
Ranked 14th.
Tertiary enrollment 70%
Ranked 3rd.
72.6%
Ranked 1st. 4% more than Norway
High school > Gender ratio 97.81
Ranked 71st.
99.5
Ranked 59th. 2% more than Norway

Elementary school > Gender ratio 100.21
Ranked 26th.
100.68
Ranked 17th. About the same as Norway

Educational attainment > Senior secondary 57%
Ranked 4th. 14% more than United States
50%
Ranked 6th.
Class size > Age 9 17.4 students
Ranked 16th.
23.5 students
Ranked 6th. 35% more than Norway
Spending > USD 27.31 billion
Ranked 20th.
684.04 billion
Ranked 1st. 25 times more than Norway

Universities > Top 200 1
Ranked 24th.
54
Ranked 1st. 54 times more than Norway
Elementary school repeaters > Female 0.0
Ranked 120th.
0.0
Ranked 112th.

Elementary school teachers 41,161
Ranked 56th.
1.8 million
Ranked 2nd. 44 times more than Norway

High school teachers 45,505
Ranked 58th.
1.72 million
Ranked 2nd. 38 times more than Norway

Young longtext readers 13.4%
Ranked 24th.
28.4%
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than Norway
Educational attainment > Junior secondary 15%
Ranked 16th. 25% more than United States
12%
Ranked 18th.
Elementary school > Enrolled students 429,585
Ranked 84th.
24.68 million
Ranked 3rd. 57 times more than Norway

School life expectancy > Female 17.6 years
Ranked 1st. 12% more than United States
15.7 years
Ranked 11th.
Young shorttext readers 58%
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than United States
11%
Ranked 24th.
Female teachers > Lower secondary 72.3%
Ranked 5th. 20% more than United States
60.2%
Ranked 14th.
Elementary school graduate rate 99.84
Ranked 2nd. 5% more than United States
95.34
Ranked 40th.

Elementary school repeaters > All 0.0
Ranked 123th.
0.0
Ranked 116th.

Preschool enrollment rate > Female 95.15
Ranked 25th. 65% more than United States
57.63
Ranked 64th.

Spending > Proportion 6.03
Ranked 22nd. 26% more than United States
4.79
Ranked 54th.

School enrollment > Tertiary > Male > % gross 63.73% gross
Ranked 9th.
69.19% gross
Ranked 6th. 9% more than Norway

Children out of school > Primary > Male 2,357
Ranked 83th.
593,372
Ranked 5th. 252 times more than Norway

School enrollment > Primary > Male > % gross 98.95% gross
Ranked 122nd.
100.34% gross
Ranked 110th. 1% more than Norway

School enrollment > Primary > % gross 98.9% gross
Ranked 116th.
98.98% gross
Ranked 115th. The same as Norway

School enrollment > Preprimary > Female > % gross 81.49% gross
Ranked 37th. 35% more than United States
60.55% gross
Ranked 61st.

Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Female > % of relevant age group 98.16%
Ranked 93th.
99.02%
Ranked 86th. 1% more than Norway

Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Total > % of relevant age group 98.14%
Ranked 98th.
99.44%
Ranked 92nd. 1% more than Norway

School enrollment > Preprimary > Male > % gross 77.35% gross
Ranked 41st. 22% more than United States
63.25% gross
Ranked 58th.

School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % net 96.87% net
Ranked 6th. 7% more than United States
90.59% net
Ranked 20th.

School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % net 95.84% net
Ranked 3rd. 9% more than United States
88.14% net
Ranked 23th.

Secondary education > Teachers > % female 57.88% female
Ranked 51st.
62.59% female
Ranked 37th. 8% more than Norway

Children out of school > Primary > Per capita 1.04 per 1,000 people
Ranked 101st.
5.52 per 1,000 people
Ranked 57th. 5 times more than Norway

Children out of school > Primary > Male > Per capita 0.513 per 1,000 people
Ranked 95th.
2.02 per 1,000 people
Ranked 67th. 4 times more than Norway

Children out of school > Primary > Female > Per capita 0.53 per 1,000 people
Ranked 98th.
3.5 per 1,000 people
Ranked 47th. 7 times more than Norway

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita 46.8 per 1,000 people
Ranked 18th.
57.61 per 1,000 people
Ranked 4th. 23% more than Norway

Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita 0.095 per capita
Ranked 109th. 10% more than United States
0.086 per capita
Ranked 119th.

Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita 84.84 per 1,000 people
Ranked 83th. 3% more than United States
82.72 per 1,000 people
Ranked 88th.

Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Male > % of relevant age group 98.12%
Ranked 104th.
99.85%
Ranked 91st. 2% more than Norway

Primary education > Teachers > Per capita 8.96 per 1,000 people
Ranked 6th. 52% more than United States
5.88 per 1,000 people
Ranked 44th.

Primary education > Pupils > Per capita 0.094 per capita
Ranked 103th. 12% more than United States
0.084 per capita
Ranked 115th.

Primary education > Pupils > % female 48.68% female
Ranked 52nd. 1% more than United States
48.08% female
Ranked 104th.

Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita 58.38 per 1,000 people
Ranked 111th.
82.36 per 1,000 people
Ranked 51st. 41% more than Norway

School enrollment > Secondary > Private > % of total secondary 6.59%
Ranked 74th.
8.81%
Ranked 67th. 34% more than Norway

School enrollment > Primary > Private > % of total primary 1.88%
Ranked 104th.
10.29%
Ranked 59th. 5 times more than Norway

Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita 9.91 per 1,000 people
Ranked 14th. 80% more than United States
5.5 per 1,000 people
Ranked 65th.

Average years of schooling of adults 11.8
Ranked 2nd.
12
Ranked 1st. 2% more than Norway
Student attitude > Dislike of school 23%
Ranked 15th.
35%
Ranked 5th. 52% more than Norway
College and university > Gender ratio 161.83
Ranked 14th. 16% more than United States
140.06
Ranked 29th.

Elementary school > Enrolled students > % female 48.77%
Ranked 51st.
48.92%
Ranked 37th. About the same as Norway

Elementary school graduate rate > Female 100
Ranked 1st. 14% more than United States
87.47
Ranked 48th.

Elementary school graduate rate > Male 99.68
Ranked 7th.
100
Ranked 3rd. About the same as Norway

Elementary school repeaters > Male 0.0
Ranked 120th.
0.0
Ranked 113th.

Elementary school starting age > Years 6
Ranked 142nd. The same as United States
6
Ranked 73th.

Elementary school teachers > % female 72.57%
Ranked 79th.
85.64%
Ranked 32nd. 18% more than Norway

Government spending on education > % of GDP 6.75%
Ranked 10th. 22% more than United States
5.54%
Ranked 21st.

Government spending on education > % of government spending 16.47%
Ranked 24th. 17% more than United States
14.13%
Ranked 35th.

High school starting age > Years 13
Ranked 32nd. 8% more than United States
12
Ranked 55th.

High school teachers > % female 57.88%
Ranked 58th.
60.36%
Ranked 38th. 4% more than Norway

Inputs > Secondary education > Teachers > Female 26,337
Ranked 58th.
1.04 million
Ranked 1st. 39 times more than Norway

Outcomes > Primary education > Duration > Years 7
Ranked 20th. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 49th.

Outcomes > Secondary education > Duration > Years 6
Ranked 138th. The same as United States
6
Ranked 86th.

Participation > Children out of school > Elementary > Female 2,564
Ranked 77th.
769,923
Ranked 4th. 300 times more than Norway

Participation > Children out of school > Elementary > Male 3,165
Ranked 74th.
944,307
Ranked 4th. 298 times more than Norway

Participation > Children out of school > Elementary 5,729
Ranked 80th.
1.71 million
Ranked 4th. 299 times more than Norway

Participation > Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education 99.01%
Ranked 65th.
100.09%
Ranked 51st. 1% more than Norway

Participation > School enrollment > Preprimary > % gross 94.74%
Ranked 25th. 64% more than United States
57.81%
Ranked 64th.

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > % net 98.68%
Ranked 13th. 7% more than United States
91.97%
Ranked 56th.

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross 98.79%
Ranked 91st.
99.11%
Ranked 89th. About the same as Norway

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % net 98.79%
Ranked 6th. 7% more than United States
92.61%
Ranked 54th.

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Male > % gross 98.58%
Ranked 100th. About the same as United States
98.45%
Ranked 102nd.

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Male > % net 98.58%
Ranked 15th. 8% more than United States
91.37%
Ranked 60th.

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Private > % of total primary 2.24%
Ranked 98th.
9.68%
Ranked 58th. 4 times more than Norway

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > % gross 111.58%
Ranked 8th. 19% more than United States
94.11%
Ranked 41st.

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > % net 95.82%
Ranked 6th. 9% more than United States
88.31%
Ranked 22nd.

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % gross 110.32%
Ranked 12th. 18% more than United States
93.87%
Ranked 43th.

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % net 95.99%
Ranked 9th. 8% more than United States
88.98%
Ranked 21st.

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % gross 112.78%
Ranked 8th. 20% more than United States
94.34%
Ranked 38th.

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % net 95.67%
Ranked 6th. 9% more than United States
87.68%
Ranked 18th.

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Private > % of total secondary 6.7%
Ranked 73th.
8.78%
Ranked 68th. 31% more than Norway

Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > % gross 73.19%
Ranked 12th.
82.92%
Ranked 4th. 13% more than Norway

Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > Female > % gross 90.92%
Ranked 10th.
97.14%
Ranked 6th. 7% more than Norway

Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > Male > % gross 56.18%
Ranked 15th.
69.36%
Ranked 5th. 23% more than Norway

Participation > Secondary education > General pupils 291,724
Ranked 84th.
24.69 million
Ranked 2nd. 85 times more than Norway

Participation > Secondary education > General pupils > % female 51.42%
Ranked 27th. 6% more than United States
48.63%
Ranked 95th.

Participation > Secondary education > Pupils > % female 48.1%
Ranked 87th.
48.63%
Ranked 69th. 1% more than Norway

Participation > Secondary education > Pupils 403,026
Ranked 78th.
24.43 million
Ranked 3rd. 61 times more than Norway

Participation > Secondary education > Vocational pupils > % female 40.76%
Ranked 62nd.
0.0
Ranked 111th.

Participation > Total enrollment > Primary > % net 98.68%
Ranked 24th. 6% more than United States
93.14%
Ranked 64th.

Participation > Total enrollment > Primary > Female > % net 98.79%
Ranked 16th. 5% more than United States
93.68%
Ranked 53th.

Participation > Total enrollment > Primary > Male > % net 98.58%
Ranked 19th. 6% more than United States
92.62%
Ranked 60th.

Preschool enrollment rate > Male 94.35
Ranked 26th. 63% more than United States
57.98
Ranked 63th.

School enrolment rate > 1st grade > Female 98.52
Ranked 78th.
108.63
Ranked 38th. 10% more than Norway

School enrolment rate > 1st grade > Male 97.45
Ranked 88th.
103.49
Ranked 59th. 6% more than Norway

School enrolment rate > 1st grade 97.97
Ranked 85th.
105.99
Ranked 46th. 8% more than Norway

School enrolment rate > 5th grade > Female 100
Ranked 1st. 2% more than United States
98.08
Ranked 22nd.

School enrolment rate > 5th grade > Male 99.17
Ranked 11th. 4% more than United States
95.67
Ranked 24th.

School enrolment rate > 5th grade 99.58
Ranked 5th. 5% more than United States
94.45
Ranked 30th.

Spending per student > College and university 47.15
Ranked 12th. 2 times more than United States
22.04
Ranked 37th.

Spending per student > Elementary school 18.44
Ranked 28th.
22.35
Ranked 18th. 21% more than Norway

Spending per student > High school 26.47
Ranked 15th. 8% more than United States
24.56
Ranked 18th.

Teacher student ratio > Elementary school 10.5
Ranked 135th.
13.69
Ranked 102nd. 30% more than Norway

Teacher student ratio > High school 8.79
Ranked 120th.
14.38
Ranked 51st. 64% more than Norway

Duration of education > Secondary level 6
Ranked 132nd. The same as United States
6
Ranked 81st.
Student attitude > Report class disorder 39%
Ranked 4th. 39% more than United States
28%
Ranked 11th.
Public spending per student > Tertiary level 46.5
Ranked 33th. 95% more than United States
23.9
Ranked 8th.
Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD per million 0.325%
Ranked 7th. 37 times more than United States
0.00874%
Ranked 28th.
Duration of education > Primary level 7
Ranked 20th. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 51st.
Literacy > Adults at high literacy level 29.4%
Ranked 2nd. 55% more than United States
19%
Ranked 9th.
Public spending per student > Primary level 29.2
Ranked 3rd. 63% more than United States
17.9
Ranked 21st.
Expected duration of education for all students 17.9 years
Ranked 7th. 7% more than United States
16.7 years
Ranked 14th.
Spending per primary school student $5,761 per student
Ranked 5th.
$6,043 per student
Ranked 4th. 5% more than Norway
Expected duration of education for females 18.6 years
Ranked 6th. 9% more than United States
17.1 years
Ranked 12th.
Primary teacher salary per hour > After 15 years $36 per hour
Ranked 8th. The same as United States
$36 per hour
Ranked 10th.
Students whose mothers have secondary education > Age 13 48% 75%
Spending per secondary school student $7,343 per student
Ranked 4th.
$7,764 per student
Ranked 3rd. 6% more than Norway
Teachers as percentage of labor force 5.2%
Ranked 5th. 24% more than United States
4.2%
Ranked 17th.
Female enrolment share > Secondary level 49.3%
Ranked 68th. 1% more than United States
49%
Ranked 73th.
Students from households with computer > Age 13 63%
Ranked 7th. 17% more than United States
54%
Ranked 13th.
Students from households with calculator > Age 13 96%
Ranked 13th. The same as United States
96%
Ranked 17th.
Female enrolment share > Primary level 48.7%
Ranked 49th. The same as United States
48.7%
Ranked 42nd.
Proportion of 20 year olds in tertiary education 28%
Ranked 15th.
38%
Ranked 5th. 36% more than Norway
Share of university qualifications awarded to females > First degree 64%
Ranked 3rd. 12% more than United States
57%
Ranked 12th.
Proportion of 17 year olds in secondary education 92%
Ranked 5th. 16% more than United States
79%
Ranked 17th.
Public spending per student > Secondary level 19.8
Ranked 9th.
22.4
Ranked 28th. 13% more than Norway
Students from households with study desk > Age 9 86%
Ranked 2nd. 6% more than United States
81%
Ranked 8th.
Expected duration of education for males 17.3 years
Ranked 8th. 7% more than United States
16.2 years
Ranked 18th.
Students from households with computer > Age 9 51%
Ranked 6th. The same as United States
51%
Ranked 5th.
Private school enrolment > Secondary level 4.4
Ranked 69th.
9.6
Ranked 12th. 2 times more than Norway
Primary teacher salary > After 15 years $25,854
Ranked 13th.
$34,705
Ranked 5th. 34% more than Norway
Students from households with more than 25 books > Age 13 91%
Ranked 4th. 21% more than United States
75%
Ranked 16th.
Proportion of 18 year olds in secondary education 86%
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than United States
24%
Ranked 25th.
Proportion of 18 year olds in tertiary education 0.0
Ranked 23th.
35%
Ranked 3rd.
Spending per primary school student > Per $ GDP $3.15e-05 per student per $1,000
Ranked 3rd. 61 times more than United States
$5.14e-07 per student per $1,000
Ranked 21st.
Proportion of primary education time spent learning vocational skills n 5
Proportion of primary education time spent learning mathematics 13%
Ranked 14th.
16%
Ranked 3rd. 23% more than Norway
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary 17 years
Ranked 9th. 6% more than United States
16 years
Ranked 15th.
Students from households with calculator > Age 9 68%
Ranked 13th.
91%
Ranked 2nd. 34% more than Norway
Students from households with more than 25 books > Age 9 81%
Ranked 3rd. 11% more than United States
73%
Ranked 7th.
Proportion of primary education time spent learning science 9%
Ranked 29th.
14%
Ranked 9th. 56% more than Norway
Literacy > Adults with at least moderate literacy 70.3%
Ranked 2nd. 39% more than United States
50.4%
Ranked 11th.
Literacy > Adults with at least moderate literacy > Female 46.6%
Ranked 11th.
53.6%
Ranked 1st. 15% more than Norway
Students whose father has secondary education 50% 70%
Proportion of primary education time spent learning foreign languages 16 7
Proportion of 19 year olds in secondary education 41%
Ranked 4th. 7 times more than United States
6%
Ranked 26th.
Literacy > Adults with at least moderate literacy > Male 53.4%
Ranked 6th. 15% more than United States
46.4%
Ranked 17th.
Proportion of 16 year-olds in secondary education 94%
Ranked 9th. 8% more than United States
87%
Ranked 22nd.
Proportion of primary education time spent learning technology n 3
Spending per secondary school student > Per $ GDP $4.01e-05 per student per $1,000
Ranked 2nd. 61 times more than United States
$6.61e-07 per student per $1,000
Ranked 21st.
Students from households with dictionary > Age 13 94%
Ranked 18th.
95%
Ranked 17th. 1% more than Norway
Students from households with study desk > Age 13 97%
Ranked 2nd. 11% more than United States
87%
Ranked 21st.
Students living with mother > Age 9 95%
Ranked 4th. 2% more than United States
93%
Ranked 8th.
Proportion of 20 year olds in secondary education 18%
Ranked 10th. 9 times more than United States
2%
Ranked 25th.
Proportion of primary education time spent learning religion 7 1
Pupils-teacher ratio > Secondary level 7.1
Ranked 120th.
14.9
Ranked 79th. 2 times more than Norway
Proportion of primary education time spent learning social studies 11%
Ranked 20th.
12%
Ranked 19th. 9% more than Norway
Students living with mother > Age 13 95%
Ranked 11th. 6% more than United States
90%
Ranked 26th.
Students from households with dictionary > Age 9 67%
Ranked 14th.
89%
Ranked 3rd. 33% more than Norway
Private school enrolment > Primary level 1.6
Ranked 77th.
11.6
Ranked 33th. 7 times more than Norway
Teacher qualifications > Share with special training > Age 13 96%
Ranked 7th.
97%
Ranked 6th. 1% more than Norway
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 17 years
Ranked 7th. 13% more than United States
15 years
Ranked 24th.
Share of vocational tertiary qualifications awarded to females > First degree 47% awarded to females
Ranked 26th.
60% awarded to females
Ranked 14th. 28% more than Norway
Teacher qualifications > Share with degree > Age 9 10%
Ranked 12th.
100%
Ranked 1st. 10 times more than Norway
Proportion of primary education time spent learning arts 8 7
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 18 years
Ranked 6th. 13% more than United States
16 years
Ranked 25th.
Share of university qualifications awarded to females > Advanced research degree 33%
Ranked 24th.
44%
Ranked 9th. 33% more than Norway
Teacher qualifications > Years experience > Age 13 22.9 years experience
Ranked 18th.
27 years experience
Ranked 10th. 18% more than Norway
Teacher qualifications > Years experience > Age 9 18.9 years experience
Ranked 7th. 15% more than United States
16.4 years experience
Ranked 12th.
Proportion of 15 year-olds in secondary education 100%
Ranked 3rd. 10% more than United States
91%
Ranked 23th.
Proportion of 17 year olds in tertiary education 0.0
Ranked 14th.
2%
Ranked 11th.
Teacher qualifications > Share with special training > Age 9 95%
Ranked 9th.
96%
Ranked 8th. 1% more than Norway
Expenditure on education > Change in expenditure on education > Expenditure in tertiary education 117.38 Index of change, year 200
Ranked 16th.
117.74 Index of change, year 200
Ranked 15th. About the same as Norway
Primary teacher salary > Starting, % of GDP 1.4e-05%
Ranked 7th. 50 times more than United States
2.76e-07%
Ranked 22nd.
Services, etc., value added > Current US$ $219.12 billion
Ranked 23th.
$11.51 trillion
Ranked 1st. 53 times more than Norway

Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ $170.93 billion
Ranked 21st.
$10.28 trillion
Ranked 1st. 60 times more than Norway

Services, etc., value added > Constant LCU 1.1 trillion
Ranked 40th.
11.23 trillion
Ranked 13th. 10 times more than Norway

Services, etc., value added > % of GDP 58.54%
Ranked 86th.
79.4%
Ranked 11th. 36% more than Norway

Ratio of female to male enrollments in tertiary education 153.61
Ranked 20th. 10% more than United States
139.19
Ranked 29th.

Adjusted savings: education expenditure > % of GNI 6.58%
Ranked 16th. 37% more than United States
4.79%
Ranked 59th.

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level 212,395
Ranked 57th.
16.61 million
Ranked 1st. 78 times more than Norway

Students from households with computer > Age 13 per million 13.88%
Ranked 6th. 74 times more than United States
0.188%
Ranked 27th.
Universities > Top 200 per million 0.216
Ranked 16th. 18% more than United States
0.183
Ranked 17th.
Students from households with more than 25 books > Age 13 per million 20.05%
Ranked 7th. 77 times more than United States
0.261%
Ranked 28th.
Primary education > Teachers > % female 72.57% female
Ranked 79th.
88.58% female
Ranked 21st. 22% more than Norway

Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level 98%
Ranked 38th. 4% more than United States
94%
Ranked 71st.

Primary education > Teachers 41,161
Ranked 62nd.
1.73 million
Ranked 3rd. 42 times more than Norway

Primary teacher salary > Starting; ratio to GDP per capita $25,854
Ranked 13th.
$34,705
Ranked 5th. 34% more than Norway
Ratio of female to male primary enrollment > % 100.15%
Ranked 29th.
100.37%
Ranked 26th. About the same as Norway

Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education > % 99.52%
Ranked 58th.
100.42%
Ranked 47th. 1% more than Norway

Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment > % 99.02%
Ranked 67th.
100.45%
Ranked 56th. 1% more than Norway

Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment > % 158.48%
Ranked 16th. 14% more than United States
138.98%
Ranked 35th.

School enrollment, preprimary > % gross 98.8%
Ranked 24th. 35% more than United States
73.32%
Ranked 63th.

School enrollment, preprimary, female > % gross 98.63%
Ranked 26th. 36% more than United States
72.28%
Ranked 62nd.

School enrollment, preprimary, male > % gross 98.97%
Ranked 23th. 33% more than United States
74.31%
Ranked 60th.

Primary school starting age > Years 6
Ranked 161st. The same as United States
6
Ranked 77th.

Primary completion rate, total > % of relevant age group 97.66%
Ranked 48th.
97.83%
Ranked 54th. About the same as Norway

Primary education, duration > Years 7
Ranked 21st. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 53th.

Primary education, pupils 423,333
Ranked 86th.
24.43 million
Ranked 5th. 58 times more than Norway

Primary education, pupils > % female 48.9%
Ranked 34th.
49.01%
Ranked 26th. About the same as Norway

Pupil-teacher ratio, primary 16.81
Ranked 112th. 18% more than United States
14.29
Ranked 98th.

School enrollment, primary > % gross 99.27%
Ranked 104th. About the same as United States
98.78%
Ranked 107th.

Universities > Top 200 > Per $ GDP 0.004 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 20th.
0.005 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 17th. 25% more than Norway
School enrollment, primary, female > % gross 99.35%
Ranked 94th. About the same as United States
98.97%
Ranked 97th.

Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, female > % of relevant age group 101.24%
Ranked 67th. 1% more than United States
99.82%
Ranked 86th.

School enrollment, primary, male > % gross 99.2%
Ranked 111th. 1% more than United States
98.6%
Ranked 116th.

Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, male > % of relevant age group 101.83%
Ranked 69th.
102.8%
Ranked 73th. 1% more than Norway

Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, total > % of relevant age group 101.54%
Ranked 68th. About the same as United States
101.34%
Ranked 79th.

School enrollment, primary, female > % net 99.35%
Ranked 4th. 7% more than United States
92.48%
Ranked 52nd.

School enrollment, primary > % net 99.27%
Ranked 10th. 8% more than United States
91.88%
Ranked 70th.

School enrollment, primary, male > % net 99.2%
Ranked 6th. 9% more than United States
91.29%
Ranked 62nd.

Persistence to grade 5, female > % of cohort 99.68%
Ranked 2nd. 12% more than United States
89.05%
Ranked 54th.

School enrollment, primary, private > % of total primary 2.36%
Ranked 108th.
8.72%
Ranked 78th. 4 times more than Norway

Persistence to grade 5, male > % of cohort 99.49%
Ranked 6th. 1% more than United States
98.33%
Ranked 16th.

Persistence to grade 5, total > % of cohort 99.58%
Ranked 4th. 6% more than United States
93.68%
Ranked 44th.

Persistence to last grade of primary, female > % of cohort 99.07%
Ranked 9th. 13% more than United States
87.88%
Ranked 62nd.

Persistence to last grade of primary, male > % of cohort 99.49%
Ranked 8th. 1% more than United States
98.33%
Ranked 21st.

Repeaters, primary, female > % of female enrollment 0.0
Ranked 130th.
0.0
Ranked 135th.

Persistence to last grade of primary, total > % of cohort 99.29%
Ranked 8th. 7% more than United States
93.08%
Ranked 58th.

Repeaters, primary, male > % of male enrollment 0.0
Ranked 130th.
0.0
Ranked 136th.

Repeaters, primary, total > % of total enrollment 0.0
Ranked 133th.
0.0
Ranked 137th.

Primary education, teachers 22,303
Ranked 37th.
1.71 million
Ranked 5th. 77 times more than Norway

Primary education, teachers > % female 62.97%
Ranked 26th.
86.71%
Ranked 33th. 38% more than Norway

Total enrollment, primary > % net 99.27%
Ranked 13th. 7% more than United States
92.89%
Ranked 75th.

Total enrollment, primary, female > % net 99.35%
Ranked 8th. 6% more than United States
93.55%
Ranked 58th.

Total enrollment, primary, male > % net 99.2%
Ranked 10th. 8% more than United States
92.27%
Ranked 66th.

Children out of school, primary 3,100
Ranked 90th.
1.76 million
Ranked 3rd. 567 times more than Norway

Children out of school, primary, female 1,354
Ranked 83th.
780,465
Ranked 3rd. 576 times more than Norway

Children out of school, primary, male 1,746
Ranked 79th.
976,866
Ranked 3rd. 559 times more than Norway

Secondary school starting age > Years 13
Ranked 33th. 8% more than United States
12
Ranked 59th.

Secondary education, pupils 437,010
Ranked 78th.
24.21 million
Ranked 4th. 55 times more than Norway

Secondary education, pupils > % female 48.2%
Ranked 84th.
48.86%
Ranked 62nd. 1% more than Norway

Secondary education, general pupils 308,417
Ranked 87th.
24.21 million
Ranked 3rd. 79 times more than Norway

Secondary education, general pupils > % female 50.94%
Ranked 37th. 4% more than United States
48.86%
Ranked 96th.

Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary 7.54
Ranked 76th.
14.49
Ranked 56th. 92% more than Norway

Secondary education, vocational pupils 128,593
Ranked 48th.
0.0
Ranked 96th.

School enrollment, secondary > % gross 112.98%
Ranked 7th. 21% more than United States
93.55%
Ranked 60th.

School enrollment, secondary, female > % gross 112.41%
Ranked 8th. 20% more than United States
93.76%
Ranked 61st.

School enrollment, secondary, male > % gross 113.52%
Ranked 8th. 22% more than United States
93.35%
Ranked 56th.

School enrollment, secondary > % net 95.54%
Ranked 7th. 9% more than United States
87.47%
Ranked 32nd.

School enrollment, secondary, female > % net 95.86%
Ranked 9th. 9% more than United States
88.17%
Ranked 31st.

School enrollment, secondary, male > % net 95.24%
Ranked 7th. 10% more than United States
86.8%
Ranked 32nd.

School enrollment, secondary, private > % of total secondary 8.17%
Ranked 86th.
8.27%
Ranked 85th. 1% more than Norway

Secondary education, teachers 49,191
Ranked 37th.
1.67 million
Ranked 4th. 34 times more than Norway

Secondary education, teachers, female 22,591
Ranked 35th.
1.02 million
Ranked 4th. 45 times more than Norway

Secondary education, teachers > % female 45.93%
Ranked 38th.
61.15%
Ranked 36th. 33% more than Norway

School enrollment, tertiary > % gross 73.09%
Ranked 18th.
95.33%
Ranked 3rd. 30% more than Norway

School enrollment, tertiary, female > % gross 90.04%
Ranked 12th.
111.32%
Ranked 1st. 24% more than Norway

School enrollment, tertiary, male > % gross 56.81%
Ranked 25th.
80.1%
Ranked 3rd. 41% more than Norway

Tertiary education, teachers > % female 36.2%
Ranked 48th.
47.68%
Ranked 22nd. 32% more than Norway

Expenditure per student, primary > % of GDP per capita 21.13%
Ranked 34th.
22.93%
Ranked 23th. 9% more than Norway

Expenditure per student, secondary > % of GDP per capita 27.28%
Ranked 27th. 8% more than United States
25.25%
Ranked 32nd.

Expenditure per student, tertiary > % of GDP per capita 44.29%
Ranked 26th. 2 times more than United States
21.66%
Ranked 66th.

Public spending on education, total > % of government expenditure 15.23%
Ranked 43th. 17% more than United States
13.07%
Ranked 60th.

Public spending on education, total > % of GDP 6.87%
Ranked 15th. 22% more than United States
5.62%
Ranked 41st.

Labor force with primary education, female > % of female labor force 18.2%
Ranked 22nd. 54% more than United States
11.8%
Ranked 48th.

Labor force with primary education, male > % of male labor force 19.5%
Ranked 24th. 31% more than United States
14.9%
Ranked 51st.

Labor force with primary education > % of total 18.9%
Ranked 30th. 41% more than United States
13.4%
Ranked 51st.

Labor force with secondary education, female > % of female labor force 37.9%
Ranked 34th.
51.6%
Ranked 23th. 36% more than Norway

Labor force with secondary education, male > % of male labor force 47.4%
Ranked 24th.
50.2%
Ranked 23th. 6% more than Norway

Labor force with secondary education > % of total 42.9%
Ranked 30th.
50.8%
Ranked 22nd. 18% more than Norway

Labor force with tertiary education, female > % of female labor force 43%
Ranked 8th. 18% more than United States
36.5%
Ranked 5th.

Labor force with tertiary education, male > % of male labor force 32.4%
Ranked 8th.
35%
Ranked 4th. 8% more than Norway

Labor force with tertiary education > % of total 37.4%
Ranked 7th. 5% more than United States
35.7%
Ranked 3rd.

Unemployment with primary education, female > % of female unemployment 26.7%
Ranked 43th. 77% more than United States
15.1%
Ranked 64th.

Unemployment with primary education, male > % of male unemployment 28.9%
Ranked 55th. 43% more than United States
20.2%
Ranked 66th.

Unemployment with secondary education, female > % of female unemployment 43.3%
Ranked 50th. 31% more than United States
33%
Ranked 70th.

Unemployment with secondary education, male > % of male unemployment 52.6%
Ranked 31st. 40% more than United States
37.6%
Ranked 57th.

Unemployment with tertiary education, female > % of female unemployment 23.3%
Ranked 37th.
51.9%
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than Norway

Unemployment with tertiary education, male > % of male unemployment 13.2%
Ranked 50th.
42.2%
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Norway

Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment 17.9%
Ranked 46th.
46.5%
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Norway

Researchers in R&D > Per million people 5,434.45
Ranked 4th. 16% more than United States
4,673.21
Ranked 8th.

Children out of school > Primary per 1000 1.04
Ranked 99th.
5.54
Ranked 58th. 5 times more than Norway

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000 46.8
Ranked 18th.
57.75
Ranked 4th. 23% more than Norway

Scientific and technical journal articles per million 731.46
Ranked 12th. About the same as United States
728.12
Ranked 13th.

Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000 95.33
Ranked 109th. 10% more than United States
86.39
Ranked 118th.

Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000 84.84
Ranked 84th. 2% more than United States
82.94
Ranked 90th.

Secondary education > Teachers per 1000 9.91
Ranked 14th. 80% more than United States
5.52
Ranked 66th.

Secondary education > General pupils per 1000 58.38
Ranked 112th.
82.6
Ranked 48th. 41% more than Norway

Primary education > Teachers per 1000 8.96
Ranked 8th. 52% more than United States
5.9
Ranked 45th.

Primary education > Pupils per 1000 94.15
Ranked 102nd. 12% more than United States
83.88
Ranked 115th.

Children out of school > Primary > Male per 1000 0.513
Ranked 93th.
2.03
Ranked 66th. 4 times more than Norway

Public spending on education > Total > % of government expenditure 15.73%
Ranked 26th. 3% more than United States
15.25%
Ranked 31st.

Proportion of primary education time spent in physical education 10 12
Proportion of 19 year olds in tertiary education 13%
Ranked 20th.
41%
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Norway
Outcomes > Tertiary attainment > Tertiary attainment for age group 55-64 24.86%
Ranked 8th.
37.67%
Ranked 1st. 52% more than Norway
Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD 1.57%
Ranked 18th.
2.68%
Ranked 7th. 71% more than Norway
Services, etc., value added > Current US$ per capita $44,816.37
Ranked 3rd. 21% more than United States
$36,945.6
Ranked 5th.

Services, etc., value added > Current US$, % of GDP 52.02%
Ranked 95th.
76.79%
Ranked 5th. 48% more than Norway

Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita $34,960.96
Ranked 3rd. 6% more than United States
$33,005.49
Ranked 3rd.

Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP 40.58%
Ranked 70th.
68.6%
Ranked 6th. 69% more than Norway

Services, etc., value added > Constant LCU per capita 225,235.97
Ranked 21st. 6 times more than United States
36,028.94
Ranked 52nd.

Primary teacher salary > Starting per 1000 $4.97
Ranked 4th. 54 times more than United States
$0.0921
Ranked 22nd.
Primary education, pupils per 1000 85.47
Ranked 92nd. 9% more than United States
78.41
Ranked 97th.

Primary education, teachers per 1000 5.63
Ranked 30th. 3% more than United States
5.49
Ranked 49th.

Children out of school, primary per 1000 0.626
Ranked 97th.
5.64
Ranked 47th. 9 times more than Norway

Children out of school, primary, female per 1000 0.273
Ranked 90th.
2.5
Ranked 48th. 9 times more than Norway

Children out of school, primary, male per 1000 0.353
Ranked 90th.
3.14
Ranked 43th. 9 times more than Norway