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Country vs country: Norway and United States compared: Education stats

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Definitions

  • Average years of schooling of adults: Average years of schooling of adults is the years of formal schooling received, on average, by adults over age 15. (Data Source: Barro-Lee Data Set www.worldbank.org/html/prdmg/grthweb/ddbarle2.htm)
  • Children out of school, primary: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Children out of school, primary, female: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Children out of school, primary, female per 1000: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Compulsary education duration: Number of years students are required to be enrolled in school for all levels of education. For instance, compulsary education lasts for 12 years in the United States.
  • High school > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Preschool enrollment rate: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Primary education, duration > Years: Primary education, duration (years). Duration of primary is the number of grades (years) in primary education.
  • Primary education, teachers per 1000: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, primary: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Primary is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers.
  • Secondary education, duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years). Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (years) in secondary education (ISCED 2 & 3).
  • Tertiary enrollment: Gross enrolment ratio, tertiary level is the sum of all tertiary level students enrolled at the start of the school year, expressed as a percentage of the mid-year population in the 5 year age group after the official secondary school leaving age.
  • Elementary school > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Children out of school, primary per 1000: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Duration of compulsory education: Duration of compulsory education is the number of grades (or years) that a child must legally be enrolled in school.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • College and university > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to post-secondary education.
  • Primary school starting age > Years: Primary school starting age (years). Entrance age of primary is the age at which students would enter primary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • College and university > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Spending > Proportion: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment. Expressed as a proportion of GNI."
  • Secondary education, pupils: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • School life expectancy > Total: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Spending per student > College and university: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Child care (preschool) > Duration: Number of years students study at the pre-primary (preschool) level. It should be noted that not all countries require pre-primary education.
  • High school teachers: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Secondary education, general pupils: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Secondary school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age (years). Entrance age of 2A lower secondary is the age at which students would enter lower secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • Primary education, pupils: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions.
  • Elementary school teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Spending > USD: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment."
  • College and university > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for college and university enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • Scientific and technical journal articles: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences.
  • Public spending per student > Primary level: Public expenditure per student, primary level is the total reported current spending by the government on primary education, divided by the total number of pupils in primary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Primary teacher salary > Starting: Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions in primary education, in equivalent US dollars converted using PPPs. Data for 1999.
  • Primary education, teachers: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Enrolment ratio > Secondary level: Net enrolment ratio, secondary level, is the ratio of the number of children of official secondary school age enrolled in school to the number of children of official secondary school age in the population.
  • Mathematical literacy: Mathematical literacy mean value of performance scale 15 years old 2000
  • Secondary education, vocational pupils: Secondary education, vocational pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. Technical/vocational programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in technical/vocational programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Child care (preschool) > Starting age: Average age at which students begin pre-primary (preschool) education.
  • Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP: Percentage of public funding for education out of country's total GDP.
  • College and university > Private school share: Percentage of post-secondary students who attend a private school, college, or university.
  • Elementary school > Enrolled students: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Spending per secondary school student: Secondary school spending per pupil in 1998, converted into US dollars by purchasing power parity.
  • College and university > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female: Percentage of country's college and university professors that are female.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary per million: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Child care (preschool) > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for pre-primary (preschool) education.
  • Secondary education, pupils per 1000: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, vocational pupils per 1000: Secondary education, vocational pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. Technical/vocational programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in technical/vocational programmes at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • High school > Upper secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the upper secondary (high school) level.
  • High school > Lower secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the lower secondary (middle school) level.
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad: Total number of post-secondary students who were studying abroad during given year.
  • Scientific literacy: Scientific literacy mean value of performance scale 15 years old (2000)
  • Spending per student > High school: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Reading literacy: Reading literacy mean value of performance scale (15 years old, 2000)
  • High school > Private school share: Percentage of secondary students who attend a private school.
  • Elementary (primary school) > Starting age: Average age at which students begin primary education.
  • Services, etc., value added > Current US$: Services, etc., value added (current US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Educational attainment > Tertiary: Percentage of adult population (aged 25-64) educated till tertiary level (year 2000).
  • Spending per student > Elementary school: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Elementary (primary) school) > Proportion spent on all staff salaries: Percentage of public funding for primary education that goes to school staff salaries.
  • High school > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to secondary education.
  • Teacher student ratio > Elementary school: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Homeschooling legal status: Legal status of homeschooling.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Overall reading skills: Overall.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • High school > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for all levels of secondary education.
  • High school > Lower secondary starting age: Average age at which students begin lower secondary (middle school) education.
  • Spending on education > Proportion spent on all staff salaries: Percentage of public funding for education that goes to school staff salaries.
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad proportion: The number of students from a given country studying abroad in a given year, expressed as a percentage of total tertiary enrollment in that country. Ratios greater than 100 % are possible, because those currently studying abroad do not count towards total enrollment.
  • Public spending per student > Tertiary level: Public expenditure per student, tertiary level is the total reported current spending by the government on tertiary education, divided by the total number of pupils in tertiary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • High school > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for secondary level enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • Elementary (primary) school) > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to primary education.
  • Children out of school > Primary: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Class size > Age 13: The average number of 13-year-old students per class.
  • Student attitude > Dislike of school: Percentage of schoolgoing children who do not like going to school (2000).
  • Secondary education, general pupils per 1000: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • High school > Proportion spent on all staff salaries: Percentage of public funding for secondary education that goes to school staff salaries.
  • Duration of education > Primary level: Duration of primary education is the number of grades (or years) in primary education.
  • Inequality adjusted index: Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index.
  • High school > Population with at least high school education > Men: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Spending per primary school student: Primary school spending per pupil in 1998, converted into US dollars by purchasing power parity.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • School enrolment rate > 1st grade: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age."
  • Services, etc., value added > Current US$ per capita: Services, etc., value added (current US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Teacher student ratio > High school: Secondary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Elementary (primary school) > Duration: Number of years students study at the primary level.
  • Elementary school graduate rate: Persistence to last grade of primary is the percentage of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary education. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • High school > Population with at least high school education > Women: Population with at least high school education > Women.
  • School life expectancy > Male: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Teachers as percentage of labor force: The percentage share of the total labor force who are classroom, academic staff, and other teachers. Data for 1999.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Overall: Overall.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Scouting > Members: Members of boy or girl scout groups which are members of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM).
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Universities > Top 200: Number of universities in the top 200
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Primary education > Pupils: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Student attitude > Find school boring: Percentage of students who do find school boring (2000).
  • Literacy > Adults at high literacy level: Percentage of adults whose level of document literacy is rated 'high'. Data for 1998.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Integrate and interpret: Integrate and interpret.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Literacy > Reading performance > Reflect and evaluate: Reflect and evaluate.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Duration of education > Secondary level: Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (or years) in general secondary education.
  • Outcomes > Secondary education > Duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years) is the number of grades (years) in secondary school."
  • Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant LCU: Services, etc., value added (constant LCU). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Secondary education, teachers: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training.
  • Scouting > Genders admitted: Admits boys/girls.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Non-continuous texts: Non-continuous texts.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Elementary (primary) school) > Private school share: Percentage of primary students who attend a private school.
  • High school > Upper Secondary > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for upper secondary (high school) education.
  • High school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age is the age at which students would enter secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade."
  • Elementary school repeaters > All: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • Elementary (primary) school > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index in primary, or elementary, school. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled. 
  • School enrolment rate > 5th grade: Persistence to grade 5 (percentage of cohort reaching grade 5) is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Literacy > Adults at low literacy level: Percentage of adults whose level of document literacy is rated 'low'. Data for 1998
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad per thousand people: Total number of post-secondary students who were studying abroad during given year. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Public spending per student > Secondary level: Public expenditure per student, secondary level is the total reported current spending by the government on secondary education, divided by the total number of pupils in secondary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Scientific and technical journal articles per million: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Continuous texts: Continuous texts.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Literacy > Reading performance > Access and retrieve: Access and retrieve.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD: Research and development (R&D;) comprise creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications. R&D; is a term covering three activities: basic research, applied research, and experimental development. Basic research is experimental or theoretical work undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge of the underlying foundation of phenomena and observable facts, without any particular application or use in view. Applied research is also original investigation undertaken in order to acquire new knowledge. It is, however, directed primarily towards a specific practical aim or objective. Experimental development is systematic work, drawing on existing knowledge gained from research and/or practical experience, which is directed to producing new materials, products or devices, to installing new processes, systems and services, or to improving substantially those already produced or installed.

    The main aggregate used for international comparisons is gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (GERD). This consists of the total expenditure (current and capital) on R&D; by all resident companies, research institutes, university and government laboratories, etc. It excludes R&D; expenditures financed by domestic firms but performed abroad.
  • Participation > Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education: Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Educational attainment > Senior secondary: Percentage of adult population (aged 25-64) educated till senior secondary level (year 2000).
  • Schools connected to the Internet: Schools connected to the Internet are the share of primary and secondary schools in the country that have access to the Internet.
  • Secondary education > Teachers: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Researchers in R&D > Per million people: Researchers in R&D; (per million people). Researchers in R&D; are professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge, products, processes, methods, or systems and in the management of the projects concerned. Postgraduate PhD students (ISCED97 level 6) engaged in R&D; are included.
  • Participation > Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training."
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant LCU per capita: Services, etc., value added (constant LCU). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Expected duration of education for all students: Expected years of schooling for a 5-year-old under current conditions, excluding education for children under 5. Data for 2000.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Universities > Top 200 per million: Number of universities in the top 200. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Primary education, pupils per 1000: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school, primary, male: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • School life expectancy > Female: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • High school > Lower Secondary > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for lower secondary (middle school) education.
  • High school > Upper secondary starting age: Average age at which students begin upper secondary (high school) education.
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Teacher qualifications > Share with degree > Age 9: Of those teachers who teach students aged 9, the percentage who have one or more university degrees.
  • Class size > Age 9: The average number of children in every class of nine-year-olds.
  • Children out of school > Primary per 1000: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Educational attainment > Junior secondary: Percentage of adult population (aged 25-64) educated till junior secondary level (year 2000).
  • Outcomes > Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • Private school enrolment > Secondary level: Private sector enrolment share, secondary level is the share of students in general secondary education who attend a privately managed school, regardless of whether or not the school receives subsidies from the government.
  • Student attitude > Report class disorder: Percentage of students who report high noise level and disorder in classes (2000).
  • Female enrolment share > Secondary level: Girls' enrolment share, secondary level is the number of girls enrolled in secondary school, expressed as a percentage of the total number of pupils in secondary school.
  • Private school enrolment > Primary level: Private sector enrolment share, primary level is the share of primary school pupils who attend a privately managed school, regardless of whether or not the school receives subsidies from the government.
  • Primary teacher salary > After 15 years: Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions in primary education, in equivalent US dollars converted using PPPs. Data for 1999.
  • Compulsary education starting age: Age at which children must be enrolled in school.
  • Students from households with computer > Age 13: Percentage of 13-year-old students who come from households with at least one computer.
  • Primary education > Teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD per million: Research and development (R&D;) comprise creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications. R&D; is a term covering three activities: basic research, applied research, and experimental development. Basic research is experimental or theoretical work undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge of the underlying foundation of phenomena and observable facts, without any particular application or use in view. Applied research is also original investigation undertaken in order to acquire new knowledge. It is, however, directed primarily towards a specific practical aim or objective. Experimental development is systematic work, drawing on existing knowledge gained from research and/or practical experience, which is directed to producing new materials, products or devices, to installing new processes, systems and services, or to improving substantially those already produced or installed.

    The main aggregate used for international comparisons is gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (GERD). This consists of the total expenditure (current and capital) on R&D; by all resident companies, research institutes, university and government laboratories, etc. It excludes R&D; expenditures financed by domestic firms but performed abroad. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Expenditure on education > Change in expenditure on education > Expenditure in tertiary education: The indicator shows direct public and private expenditure on educational institutions in relation to the number of full-time equivalent students enrolled in these institutions. Public subsidies for students’ living expenses have been excluded to ensure international comparability of the data.

    Expenditure on education per student is obtained by dividing the total expenditure on educational institutions by the number of full-time equivalents students. Only those educational institutions and programmes are taken into account for which both enrolment and expenditure data are available.
  • Pupils-teacher ratio > Secondary level: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary level is the average number of pupils per teacher in secondary education. Cross-country comparisons may be affected by such factors as the composition of teachers by part- and full-time employment.
  • Participation > Children out of school > Elementary > Female: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Female > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Young longtext readers: Share of 15-year-olds who are frequent longtext readers(2000)
  • Primary education > Pupils > Per capita: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Primary education > Teachers > Per capita: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Primary education > Pupils per 1000: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Share of university qualifications awarded to females: Percentage share of tertiary level A qualifications as first degree awarded to females. Data for 2000.
  • Young shorttext readers: Share of 15-year-olds who are frequent shorttext (particularly comics) readers (2000)
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Primary teacher salary > Starting per 1000: Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions in primary education, in equivalent US dollars converted using PPPs. Data for 1999. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Proportion of 15 year-olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 15 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Literacy > Adults at moderate literacy level: Percentage of adults whose level of document literacy is rated 'moderate'. Data for 1998.
  • Universities > Top 200 > Per $ GDP: Number of universities in the top 200 Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Elementary school repeaters > Female: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • Teacher qualifications > Years experience > Age 13: The average number of years of teaching experience, for teachers of students aged 13.
  • Participation > Children out of school > Elementary: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Ratio of female to male enrollments in tertiary education: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Share of university qualifications awarded to females > First degree: Percentage share of tertiary level A qualifications as first degree awarded to females. Data for 2000.
  • Outcomes > Tertiary attainment > Tertiary attainment for age group 55-64: For each age group shown, those who have completed tertiary education are shown as a percentage of all persons in that age group. Tertiary education includes both tertiary-type "A programmes”, which are largely theoretically-based and designed to provide qualifications for entry to advanced research programmes and professions with high skill requirements, as well as tertiary-type "B programmes” which are classified at the same level of competencies as tertiary-type A programmes but are more occupationally-oriented and lead to direct labour market access. The tertiary attainment profiles are based on the percentage of the population aged 25 to 64 that has completed that level of education.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning foreign languages: Intended instruction time spent studying modern foreign languages, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Literacy > Adults with at least moderate literacy: Percentage of adult females who have at least a moderate level of literacy, in selected OECD countries. Data for 1998.
  • Proportion of 18 year olds in tertiary education: Percentage share of 18 year-olds enrolled in tertiary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of 20 year olds in tertiary education: Percentage share of 20 year-olds enrolled in tertiary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Elementary school graduate rate > Male: Persistence to last grade of primary is the percentage of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary education. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Elementary school graduate rate > Female: Persistence to last grade of primary is the percentage of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary education. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Students from households with more than 25 books > Age 13: Percentage of 13 year-old students who come from households owning more than 25 books.
  • Spending per secondary school student > Per $ GDP: Secondary school spending per pupil in 1998, converted into US dollars by purchasing power parity. Per $ GDP figures expressed per $1,000 of Gross Domestic Product.
  • Expected duration of education for females: Expected years of schooling for a female 5-year-old under current conditions, excluding education for children under 5. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning vocational skills: Intended instruction time spent studying vocational skills, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Primary teacher salary per hour > After 15 years: Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions in primary level education, per hour after 15 years experience and typical training. Expressed in equivalent US dollars converted using Purchasing Power Parities (PPP's). Data for 1999.
  • Students from households with computer > Age 13 per million: Percentage of 13-year-old students who come from households with at least one computer. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Teacher qualifications > Share with special training > Age 9: Of those teachers who teach students aged 9, the percentage who have specialised teacher training.
  • Students from households with more than 25 books > Age 13 per million: Percentage of 13 year-old students who come from households owning more than 25 books. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Participation > Secondary education > Pupils: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Secondary education > General pupils per 1000: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Primary education > Teachers per 1000: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education: Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.
  • Secondary education > Teachers per 1000: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Proportion of 20 year olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 20 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of 17 year olds in tertiary education: Percentage share of 17 year-olds enrolled in tertiary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning science: Intended instruction time spent studying science, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Teacher qualifications > Years experience > Age 9: The average number of years of experience of teachers who teach children aged 9.
  • Proportion of 19 year olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 19 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Share of university qualifications awarded to females > Advanced research degree: Percentage share of advanced research degrees awarded to females. Data for 2000.
  • Expected duration of education for males: Expected years of schooling for a male 5-year-old under current conditions, excluding education for children under 5. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of 17 year olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 17 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Female teachers > Lower secondary: Percentage share of lower secondary level teachers at who are female. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning arts: Intended instruction time spent studying arts, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Female enrolment share > Primary level: Girls' enrolment share, primary level is the number of girls enrolled in primary school, expressed as a percentage of the total number of pupils in primary school.
  • Students from households with computer > Age 9: Percentage of nine-year-old students who come from households with at least one computer.
  • Students whose mothers have secondary education > Age 13: Percentage of 13-year-old students whose mothers have at least secondary education.
  • Teacher qualifications > Share with special training > Age 13: Of those teachers who teach students aged 13, the percentage who have specialised teacher training.
  • Education spending > % of GDP: Government Education Expenditure (% of GDP, 2000-2002)
  • Students from households with dictionary > Age 13: The percentage of 13-year-old students who come from a household with a dictionary.
  • Students from households with more than 25 books > Age 9: Percentage of nine-year-old students who have more than 25 books at home.
  • Students living with mother > Age 9: Percentage of nine-year-old students who live with their mother.
  • Students from households with dictionary > Age 9: The percentage of nine-year-old students who come from households with a dictionary.
  • Proportion of 18 year olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 18 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Share of vocational tertiary qualifications awarded to females > First degree: Percentage share of tertiary level B qualifications as first degree awarded to females. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of 19 year olds in tertiary education: Percentage share of 19 year-olds enrolled in tertiary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning mathematics: Intended instruction time spent practicing mathematics, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning technology: Intended instruction time spent studying technology, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Literacy > Adults with at least moderate literacy > Female: Percentage of adult females who have at least a moderate level of literacy, in selected OECD countries. Data for 1998.
  • Spending per primary school student > Per $ GDP: Primary school spending per pupil in 1998, converted into US dollars by purchasing power parity. Per $ GDP figures expressed per $1,000 of Gross Domestic Product.
  • Literacy and Attainment > Educational attainment: completed tertiary > Tertiary > Population 25+ years > % > Over 24 year olds: Percentage of population older than 24 years that has completed tertiary education.
STAT Norway United States HISTORY
Average years of schooling of adults 11.8
Ranked 2nd.
12
Ranked 1st. 2% more than Norway
Children out of school, primary 3,100
Ranked 90th.
1.76 million
Ranked 3rd. 567 times more than Norway

Children out of school, primary, female 1,354
Ranked 83th.
780,465
Ranked 3rd. 576 times more than Norway

Children out of school, primary, female per 1000 0.273
Ranked 90th.
2.5
Ranked 48th. 9 times more than Norway

Compulsary education duration 11
Ranked 44th.
12
Ranked 14th. 9% more than Norway

High school > Gender ratio 97.81
Ranked 71st.
99.5
Ranked 59th. 2% more than Norway

Literacy > Female 100%
Ranked 1st. 1% more than United States
99%
Ranked 17th.

Literacy > Total population 100%
Ranked 2nd. 1% more than United States
99%
Ranked 20th.

Preschool enrollment rate 98.68
Ranked 95th.
98.77
Ranked 94th. The same as Norway

Primary education, duration > Years 7
Ranked 21st. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 53th.

Primary education, teachers per 1000 5.63
Ranked 30th. 3% more than United States
5.49
Ranked 49th.

Pupil-teacher ratio, primary 16.81
Ranked 112th. 18% more than United States
14.29
Ranked 98th.

Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary 7.54
Ranked 76th.
14.49
Ranked 56th. 92% more than Norway

Secondary education, duration > Years 6
Ranked 156th. The same as United States
6
Ranked 102nd.

Tertiary enrollment 70%
Ranked 3rd.
72.6%
Ranked 1st. 4% more than Norway
Elementary school > Gender ratio 100.21
Ranked 26th.
100.68
Ranked 17th. About the same as Norway

Children out of school, primary per 1000 0.626
Ranked 97th.
5.64
Ranked 47th. 9 times more than Norway

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
Duration of compulsory education 11 years
Ranked 30th.
12 years
Ranked 10th. 9% more than Norway
Literacy > Male 100%
Ranked 1st. 1% more than United States
99%
Ranked 28th.

College and university > Share of total education spending 29.63%
Ranked 12th. 15% more than United States
25.65%
Ranked 26th.

Primary school starting age > Years 6
Ranked 161st. The same as United States
6
Ranked 77th.

College and university > Gender ratio 161.83
Ranked 14th. 16% more than United States
140.06
Ranked 29th.

Girls to boys ratio > Primary level enrolment 1
Ranked 43th. 1% more than United States
0.99
Ranked 49th.

Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita 9.91 per 1,000 people
Ranked 14th. 80% more than United States
5.5 per 1,000 people
Ranked 65th.

Spending > Proportion 6.03
Ranked 22nd. 26% more than United States
4.79
Ranked 54th.

Secondary education, pupils 437,010
Ranked 78th.
24.21 million
Ranked 4th. 55 times more than Norway

School life expectancy > Total 16.9 years
Ranked 1st. 11% more than United States
15.2 years
Ranked 14th.
Spending per student > College and university 47.15
Ranked 12th. 2 times more than United States
22.04
Ranked 37th.

Child care (preschool) > Duration 3
Ranked 112th. The same as United States
3
Ranked 47th.

High school teachers 45,505
Ranked 58th.
1.72 million
Ranked 2nd. 38 times more than Norway

Secondary education, general pupils 308,417
Ranked 87th.
24.21 million
Ranked 3rd. 79 times more than Norway

Secondary school starting age > Years 13
Ranked 33th. 8% more than United States
12
Ranked 59th.

Primary education, pupils 423,333
Ranked 86th.
24.43 million
Ranked 5th. 58 times more than Norway

Elementary school teachers 41,161
Ranked 56th.
1.8 million
Ranked 2nd. 44 times more than Norway

Spending > USD 27.31 billion
Ranked 20th.
684.04 billion
Ranked 1st. 25 times more than Norway

College and university > Gender parity index 1.63
Ranked 14th. 16% more than United States
1.41
Ranked 33th.

Scientific and technical journal articles 3,339
Ranked 27th.
211,233
Ranked 1st. 63 times more than Norway

Public spending per student > Primary level 29.2
Ranked 3rd. 63% more than United States
17.9
Ranked 21st.
Primary teacher salary > Starting $22,194.00
Ranked 8th.
$25,707.00
Ranked 5th. 16% more than Norway
Primary education, teachers 22,303
Ranked 37th.
1.71 million
Ranked 5th. 77 times more than Norway

Enrolment ratio > Secondary level 95%
Ranked 2nd. 8% more than United States
88.1%
Ranked 17th.
Mathematical literacy 499
Ranked 16th. 1% more than United States
493
Ranked 18th.
Secondary education, vocational pupils 128,593
Ranked 48th.
0.0
Ranked 96th.

Child care (preschool) > Starting age 3
Ranked 187th. The same as United States
3
Ranked 103th.

Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP 6.87%
Ranked 15th. 22% more than United States
5.62%
Ranked 39th.

College and university > Private school share 14.53%
Ranked 76th.
27.95%
Ranked 46th. 92% more than Norway

Elementary school > Enrolled students 429,585
Ranked 84th.
24.68 million
Ranked 3rd. 57 times more than Norway

Spending per secondary school student $7,343.00 per student
Ranked 4th.
$7,764.00 per student
Ranked 3rd. 6% more than Norway
Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level 212,395
Ranked 57th.
16.61 million
Ranked 1st. 78 times more than Norway

College and university > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female 36%
Ranked 2nd.
47%
Ranked 7th. 31% more than Norway
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary per million 1.73
Ranked 36th. 37 times more than United States
0.0465
Ranked 96th.

Child care (preschool) > Students per teacher 6.21
Ranked 75th.
14.96
Ranked 64th. 2 times more than Norway

Secondary education, pupils per 1000 88.23
Ranked 54th. 14% more than United States
77.71
Ranked 76th.

Secondary education, vocational pupils per 1000 25.96
Ranked 17th.
0.0
Ranked 96th.

High school > Upper secondary school duration 3
Ranked 128th. The same as United States
3
Ranked 73th.

High school > Lower secondary school duration 3
Ranked 176th. The same as United States
3
Ranked 105th.

Tertiary > Students studying abroad 15,018.17
Ranked 54th.
56,943.33
Ranked 6th. 4 times more than Norway

Scientific literacy 500
Ranked 12th. About the same as United States
499
Ranked 14th.
Spending per student > High school 26.47
Ranked 15th. 8% more than United States
24.56
Ranked 18th.

Reading literacy 505
Ranked 13th. About the same as United States
504
Ranked 15th.
High school > Private school share 8.17%
Ranked 87th.
8.27%
Ranked 86th. 1% more than Norway

Elementary (primary school) > Starting age 6
Ranked 162nd. The same as United States
6
Ranked 77th.

Services, etc., value added > Current US$ $219.12 billion
Ranked 23th.
$11.51 trillion
Ranked 1st. 53 times more than Norway

Educational attainment > Tertiary 28%
Ranked 9th.
37%
Ranked 2nd. 32% more than Norway
Spending per student > Elementary school 18.44
Ranked 28th.
22.35
Ranked 18th. 21% more than Norway

Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level 98%
Ranked 38th. 4% more than United States
94%
Ranked 71st.

Elementary (primary) school) > Proportion spent on all staff salaries 78.65%
Ranked 58th.
81.55%
Ranked 48th. 4% more than Norway

High school > Share of total education spending 35.33%
Ranked 53th.
35.42%
Ranked 52nd. About the same as Norway

Teacher student ratio > Elementary school 10.5
Ranked 135th.
13.69
Ranked 102nd. 30% more than Norway

Homeschooling legal status Legal Legal under regulating conditions, varies by state.
Literacy > Reading performance > Overall reading skills 503
Ranked 10th. 1% more than United States
500
Ranked 15th.
High school > Students per teacher 7.54
Ranked 80th.
14.49
Ranked 57th. 92% more than Norway

High school > Lower secondary starting age 13
Ranked 33th. 8% more than United States
12
Ranked 61st.

Spending on education > Proportion spent on all staff salaries 76.02%
Ranked 43th.
77.19%
Ranked 38th. 2% more than Norway

Tertiary > Students studying abroad proportion 6.54%
Ranked 48th. 24 times more than United States
0.271%
Ranked 124th.

Education expenditure of government > As percentage of total government 16.6%
Ranked 31st. 8% more than United States
15.3%
Ranked 38th.

Public spending per student > Tertiary level 46.5
Ranked 33th. 95% more than United States
23.9
Ranked 8th.
High school > Gender parity index 0.982
Ranked 96th.
1.01
Ranked 68th. 3% more than Norway

Elementary (primary) school) > Share of total education spending 26.67%
Ranked 71st.
32.42%
Ranked 47th. 22% more than Norway

Education expenditure of government > As percentage of GNI 7.7%
Ranked 6th. 31% more than United States
5.9%
Ranked 23th.

Children out of school > Primary 4,789
Ranked 87th.
1.62 million
Ranked 2nd. 339 times more than Norway

Class size > Age 13 14.6 students
Ranked 23th.
18.3 students
Ranked 15th. 25% more than Norway
Student attitude > Dislike of school 23%
Ranked 15th.
35%
Ranked 5th. 52% more than Norway
Girls to boys ratio > Tertiary level enrolment 1.54
Ranked 14th. 10% more than United States
1.4
Ranked 22nd.

Secondary education, general pupils per 1000 62.27
Ranked 87th.
77.71
Ranked 47th. 25% more than Norway

Education enrolment by level > Primary level 432,618
Ranked 102nd.
24.85 million
Ranked 4th. 57 times more than Norway

High school > Proportion spent on all staff salaries 78.67%
Ranked 46th.
81.55%
Ranked 40th. 4% more than Norway

Duration of education > Primary level 7
Ranked 20th. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 51st.
Inequality adjusted index 0.968
Ranked 1st. 3% more than United States
0.941
Ranked 3rd.
High school > Population with at least high school education > Men 94.7%
Ranked 19th. About the same as United States
94.3%
Ranked 22nd.

Spending per primary school student $5,761.00 per student
Ranked 5th.
$6,043.00 per student
Ranked 4th. 5% more than Norway
Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000 46.8
Ranked 18th.
57.75
Ranked 4th. 23% more than Norway

School enrolment rate > 1st grade 97.97
Ranked 85th.
105.99
Ranked 46th. 8% more than Norway

Services, etc., value added > Current US$ per capita $44,816.37
Ranked 3rd. 21% more than United States
$36,945.60
Ranked 5th.

Teacher student ratio > High school 8.79
Ranked 120th.
14.38
Ranked 51st. 64% more than Norway

Elementary (primary school) > Duration 7
Ranked 25th. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 59th.

Elementary school graduate rate 99.84
Ranked 2nd. 5% more than United States
95.34
Ranked 40th.

High school > Population with at least high school education > Women 95.6%
Ranked 12th. 1% more than United States
94.7%
Ranked 14th.

School life expectancy > Male 16.3 years
Ranked 2nd. 10% more than United States
14.8 years
Ranked 17th.
Teachers as percentage of labor force 5.2%
Ranked 5th. 24% more than United States
4.2%
Ranked 17th.
Literacy > Reading performance > Overall 503
Ranked 10th. 1% more than United States
500
Ranked 15th.
Scouting > Members 17,279
Ranked 56th.
2.99 million
Ranked 3rd. 173 times more than Norway
Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita $34,960.96
Ranked 3rd. 6% more than United States
$33,005.49
Ranked 3rd.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary 17 years
Ranked 9th. 6% more than United States
16 years
Ranked 15th.
Universities > Top 200 1
Ranked 24th.
54
Ranked 1st. 54 times more than Norway
Education enrolment by level > Secondary level 385,009
Ranked 91st.
23.85 million
Ranked 4th. 62 times more than Norway

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita 46.8 per 1,000 people
Ranked 18th.
57.61 per 1,000 people
Ranked 4th. 23% more than Norway

Primary education > Pupils 432,345
Ranked 97th.
24.56 million
Ranked 4th. 57 times more than Norway

Student attitude > Find school boring 58%
Ranked 7th.
61%
Ranked 2nd. 5% more than Norway
Literacy > Adults at high literacy level 29.4%
Ranked 2nd. 55% more than United States
19%
Ranked 9th.
Literacy > Reading performance > Integrate and interpret 502
Ranked 12th. 1% more than United States
495
Ranked 20th.
Literacy > Reading performance > Reflect and evaluate 505
Ranked 10th.
512
Ranked 8th. 1% more than Norway
Duration of education > Secondary level 6
Ranked 132nd. The same as United States
6
Ranked 81st.
Outcomes > Secondary education > Duration > Years 6
Ranked 138th. The same as United States
6
Ranked 86th.

Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary 10.5
Ranked 140th.
14.21
Ranked 120th. 35% more than Norway

Services, etc., value added > Constant LCU 1.1 trillion
Ranked 40th.
11.23 trillion
Ranked 13th. 10 times more than Norway

Girls to boys ratio > Secondary level enrolment 1.01
Ranked 61st.
1.02
Ranked 54th. 1% more than Norway

Secondary education, teachers 49,191
Ranked 37th.
1.67 million
Ranked 4th. 34 times more than Norway

Secondary education > General pupils 268,070
Ranked 99th.
24.19 million
Ranked 3rd. 90 times more than Norway

Scouting > Genders admitted both both for Venturing, boys only for non-Venturing
Literacy > Reading performance > Non-continuous texts 498
Ranked 17th.
503
Ranked 14th. 1% more than Norway
Elementary (primary) school) > Private school share 2.36%
Ranked 110th.
8.72%
Ranked 80th. 4 times more than Norway

High school > Upper Secondary > Students per teacher 8.4
Ranked 90th.
14.46
Ranked 37th. 72% more than Norway

High school starting age > Years 13
Ranked 32nd. 8% more than United States
12
Ranked 55th.

Elementary school repeaters > All 0.0
Ranked 123th.
0.0
Ranked 116th.

Elementary (primary) school > Gender parity index 1
Ranked 34th. 1% more than United States
0.991
Ranked 69th.

School enrolment rate > 5th grade 99.58
Ranked 5th. 5% more than United States
94.45
Ranked 30th.

Literacy > Adults at low literacy level 29.7%
Ranked 16th.
49.6%
Ranked 7th. 67% more than Norway
Tertiary > Students studying abroad per thousand people 3.03
Ranked 65th. 17 times more than United States
0.183
Ranked 178th.

Public spending per student > Secondary level 19.8
Ranked 9th.
22.4
Ranked 28th. 13% more than Norway
Scientific and technical journal articles per million 731.46
Ranked 12th. About the same as United States
728.12
Ranked 13th.

Literacy > Reading performance > Continuous texts 505
Ranked 9th. 1% more than United States
500
Ranked 13th.
Literacy > Reading performance > Access and retrieve 512
Ranked 10th. 4% more than United States
492
Ranked 25th.
Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD 1.57%
Ranked 18th.
2.68%
Ranked 7th. 71% more than Norway
Participation > Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education 99.01%
Ranked 65th.
100.09%
Ranked 51st. 1% more than Norway

Children out of school > Primary > Per capita 1.04 per 1,000 people
Ranked 101st.
5.52 per 1,000 people
Ranked 57th. 5 times more than Norway

Educational attainment > Senior secondary 57%
Ranked 4th. 14% more than United States
50%
Ranked 6th.
Schools connected to the Internet 99%
Ranked 6th.
100%
Ranked 2nd. 1% more than Norway

Secondary education > Teachers 45,505
Ranked 57th.
1.62 million
Ranked 3rd. 35 times more than Norway

Researchers in R&D > Per million people 5,434.45
Ranked 4th. 16% more than United States
4,673.21
Ranked 8th.

Participation > Secondary education > General pupils 291,724
Ranked 84th.
24.69 million
Ranked 2nd. 85 times more than Norway

Services, etc., value added > Constant LCU per capita 225,235.97
Ranked 21st. 6 times more than United States
36,028.94
Ranked 52nd.

Expected duration of education for all students 17.9 years
Ranked 7th. 7% more than United States
16.7 years
Ranked 14th.
Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ $170.93 billion
Ranked 21st.
$10.28 trillion
Ranked 1st. 60 times more than Norway

Universities > Top 200 per million 0.216
Ranked 16th. 18% more than United States
0.183
Ranked 17th.
Primary education, pupils per 1000 85.47
Ranked 92nd. 9% more than United States
78.41
Ranked 97th.

Children out of school, primary, male 1,746
Ranked 79th.
976,866
Ranked 3rd. 559 times more than Norway

Primary education > Duration > Years 7 years
Ranked 21st. 17% more than United States
6 years
Ranked 54th.

School life expectancy > Female 17.6 years
Ranked 1st. 12% more than United States
15.7 years
Ranked 11th.
Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level > Women 98%
Ranked 35th. 4% more than United States
94%
Ranked 66th.

High school > Lower Secondary > Students per teacher 7.44
Ranked 32nd.
14.52
Ranked 47th. 95% more than Norway

High school > Upper secondary starting age 16
Ranked 56th. 7% more than United States
15
Ranked 90th.

Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000 84.84
Ranked 84th. 2% more than United States
82.94
Ranked 90th.

Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita 0.095 per capita
Ranked 109th. 10% more than United States
0.086 per capita
Ranked 119th.

Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000 95.33
Ranked 109th. 10% more than United States
86.39
Ranked 118th.

Teacher qualifications > Share with degree > Age 9 10%
Ranked 12th.
100%
Ranked 1st. 10 times more than Norway
Class size > Age 9 17.4 students
Ranked 16th.
23.5 students
Ranked 6th. 35% more than Norway
Children out of school > Primary per 1000 1.04
Ranked 99th.
5.54
Ranked 58th. 5 times more than Norway

Educational attainment > Junior secondary 15%
Ranked 16th. 25% more than United States
12%
Ranked 18th.
Outcomes > Primary education > Duration > Years 7
Ranked 20th. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 49th.

Private school enrolment > Secondary level 4.4
Ranked 69th.
9.6
Ranked 12th. 2 times more than Norway
Student attitude > Report class disorder 39%
Ranked 4th. 39% more than United States
28%
Ranked 11th.
Female enrolment share > Secondary level 49.3%
Ranked 68th. 1% more than United States
49%
Ranked 73th.
Private school enrolment > Primary level 1.6
Ranked 77th.
11.6
Ranked 33th. 7 times more than Norway
Primary teacher salary > After 15 years $25,854.00
Ranked 13th.
$34,705.00
Ranked 5th. 34% more than Norway
Compulsary education starting age 6
Ranked 129th. The same as United States
6
Ranked 66th.

Students from households with computer > Age 13 63%
Ranked 7th. 17% more than United States
54%
Ranked 13th.
Primary education > Teachers 41,161
Ranked 62nd.
1.73 million
Ranked 3rd. 42 times more than Norway

Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD per million 0.325%
Ranked 7th. 37 times more than United States
0.00874%
Ranked 28th.
Expenditure on education > Change in expenditure on education > Expenditure in tertiary education 117.38 Index of change, year 200
Ranked 16th.
117.74 Index of change, year 200
Ranked 15th. About the same as Norway
Pupils-teacher ratio > Secondary level 7.1
Ranked 120th.
14.9
Ranked 79th. 2 times more than Norway
Participation > Children out of school > Elementary > Female 2,564
Ranked 77th.
769,923
Ranked 4th. 300 times more than Norway

Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita 84.84 per 1,000 people
Ranked 83th. 3% more than United States
82.72 per 1,000 people
Ranked 88th.

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Primary level 48.64%
Ranked 64th.
48.86%
Ranked 40th. About the same as Norway

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Secondary level 49.27%
Ranked 78th. 1% more than United States
48.72%
Ranked 92nd.

Children out of school > Primary > Female > Per capita 0.53 per 1,000 people
Ranked 98th.
3.5 per 1,000 people
Ranked 47th. 7 times more than Norway

Young longtext readers 13.4%
Ranked 24th.
28.4%
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than Norway
Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Tertiary level 59.74%
Ranked 20th. 5% more than United States
56.64%
Ranked 34th.

Primary education > Pupils > Per capita 0.094 per capita
Ranked 103th. 12% more than United States
0.084 per capita
Ranked 115th.

Primary education > Teachers > Per capita 8.96 per 1,000 people
Ranked 6th. 52% more than United States
5.88 per 1,000 people
Ranked 44th.

Primary education > Pupils per 1000 94.15
Ranked 102nd. 12% more than United States
83.88
Ranked 115th.

Share of university qualifications awarded to females 64%
Ranked 3rd. 12% more than United States
57%
Ranked 12th.
Young shorttext readers 58%
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than United States
11%
Ranked 24th.
Children out of school > Primary > Male > Per capita 0.513 per 1,000 people
Ranked 95th.
2.02 per 1,000 people
Ranked 67th. 4 times more than Norway

Primary teacher salary > Starting per 1000 $4.97
Ranked 4th. 54 times more than United States
$0.09
Ranked 22nd.
Proportion of 15 year-olds in secondary education 100%
Ranked 3rd. 10% more than United States
91%
Ranked 23th.
Literacy > Adults at moderate literacy level 40.9%
Ranked 3rd. 30% more than United States
31.4%
Ranked 13th.
Universities > Top 200 > Per $ GDP 0.004 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 20th.
0.005 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 17th. 25% more than Norway
Elementary school repeaters > Female 0.0
Ranked 120th.
0.0
Ranked 112th.

Teacher qualifications > Years experience > Age 13 22.9 years experience
Ranked 18th.
27 years experience
Ranked 10th. 18% more than Norway
Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level > Men 98%
Ranked 38th. 5% more than United States
93%
Ranked 66th.

Participation > Children out of school > Elementary 5,729
Ranked 80th.
1.71 million
Ranked 4th. 299 times more than Norway

Ratio of female to male enrollments in tertiary education 153.61
Ranked 20th. 10% more than United States
139.19
Ranked 29th.

Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment 102.87
Ranked 50th. 1% more than United States
101.63
Ranked 58th.

Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita 58.38 per 1,000 people
Ranked 111th.
82.36 per 1,000 people
Ranked 51st. 41% more than Norway

Share of university qualifications awarded to females > First degree 64%
Ranked 3rd. 12% more than United States
57%
Ranked 12th.
Outcomes > Tertiary attainment > Tertiary attainment for age group 55-64 24.86%
Ranked 8th.
37.67%
Ranked 1st. 52% more than Norway
Proportion of primary education time spent learning foreign languages 16 7
Literacy > Adults with at least moderate literacy 70.3%
Ranked 2nd. 39% more than United States
50.4%
Ranked 11th.
Proportion of 18 year olds in tertiary education 0.0
Ranked 23th.
35%
Ranked 3rd.
Proportion of 20 year olds in tertiary education 28%
Ranked 15th.
38%
Ranked 5th. 36% more than Norway
Elementary school graduate rate > Male 99.68
Ranked 7th.
100
Ranked 3rd. About the same as Norway

Elementary school graduate rate > Female 100
Ranked 1st. 14% more than United States
87.47
Ranked 48th.

Students from households with more than 25 books > Age 13 91%
Ranked 4th. 21% more than United States
75%
Ranked 16th.
Spending per secondary school student > Per $ GDP $0.00 per student per $1,000
Ranked 2nd. 61 times more than United States
$0.00 per student per $1,000
Ranked 21st.
Expected duration of education for females 18.6 years
Ranked 6th. 9% more than United States
17.1 years
Ranked 12th.
Proportion of primary education time spent learning vocational skills n 5
Primary teacher salary per hour > After 15 years $36.00 per hour
Ranked 8th. The same as United States
$36.00 per hour
Ranked 10th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 18 years
Ranked 6th. 13% more than United States
16 years
Ranked 25th.
Students from households with computer > Age 13 per million 13.88%
Ranked 6th. 74 times more than United States
0.188%
Ranked 27th.
Teacher qualifications > Share with special training > Age 9 95%
Ranked 9th.
96%
Ranked 8th. 1% more than Norway
Students from households with more than 25 books > Age 13 per million 20.05%
Ranked 7th. 77 times more than United States
0.261%
Ranked 28th.
Participation > Secondary education > Pupils 403,026
Ranked 78th.
24.43 million
Ranked 3rd. 61 times more than Norway

Secondary education > General pupils per 1000 58.38
Ranked 112th.
82.6
Ranked 48th. 41% more than Norway

Primary education > Teachers per 1000 8.96
Ranked 8th. 52% more than United States
5.9
Ranked 45th.

Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education 109.32%
Ranked 14th. About the same as United States
108.83%
Ranked 20th.

Secondary education > Teachers per 1000 9.91
Ranked 14th. 80% more than United States
5.52
Ranked 66th.

Proportion of 20 year olds in secondary education 18%
Ranked 10th. 9 times more than United States
2%
Ranked 25th.
Proportion of 17 year olds in tertiary education 0.0
Ranked 14th.
2%
Ranked 11th.
Children out of school > Primary > Male 2,357
Ranked 83th.
593,372
Ranked 5th. 252 times more than Norway

Proportion of primary education time spent learning science 9%
Ranked 29th.
14%
Ranked 9th. 56% more than Norway
Teacher qualifications > Years experience > Age 9 18.9 years experience
Ranked 7th. 15% more than United States
16.4 years experience
Ranked 12th.
Proportion of 19 year olds in secondary education 41%
Ranked 4th. 7 times more than United States
6%
Ranked 26th.
Share of university qualifications awarded to females > Advanced research degree 33%
Ranked 24th.
44%
Ranked 9th. 33% more than Norway
Expected duration of education for males 17.3 years
Ranked 8th. 7% more than United States
16.2 years
Ranked 18th.
Proportion of 17 year olds in secondary education 92%
Ranked 5th. 16% more than United States
79%
Ranked 17th.
Female teachers > Lower secondary 72.3%
Ranked 5th. 20% more than United States
60.2%
Ranked 14th.
Proportion of primary education time spent learning arts 8 7
Female enrolment share > Primary level 48.7%
Ranked 49th. The same as United States
48.7%
Ranked 42nd.
Students from households with computer > Age 9 51%
Ranked 6th. The same as United States
51%
Ranked 5th.
Students whose mothers have secondary education > Age 13 48% 75%
Teacher qualifications > Share with special training > Age 13 96%
Ranked 7th.
97%
Ranked 6th. 1% more than Norway
Education spending > % of GDP 7.6%
Ranked 16th. 33% more than United States
5.7%
Ranked 38th.
Students from households with dictionary > Age 13 94%
Ranked 18th.
95%
Ranked 17th. 1% more than Norway
Students from households with more than 25 books > Age 9 81%
Ranked 3rd. 11% more than United States
73%
Ranked 7th.
Students living with mother > Age 9 95%
Ranked 4th. 2% more than United States
93%
Ranked 8th.
Students from households with dictionary > Age 9 67%
Ranked 14th.
89%
Ranked 3rd. 33% more than Norway
Proportion of 18 year olds in secondary education 86%
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than United States
24%
Ranked 25th.
Share of vocational tertiary qualifications awarded to females > First degree 47% awarded to females
Ranked 26th.
60% awarded to females
Ranked 14th. 28% more than Norway
Proportion of 19 year olds in tertiary education 13%
Ranked 20th.
41%
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Norway
Proportion of primary education time spent learning mathematics 13%
Ranked 14th.
16%
Ranked 3rd. 23% more than Norway
Proportion of primary education time spent learning technology n 3
Literacy > Adults with at least moderate literacy > Female 46.6%
Ranked 11th.
53.6%
Ranked 1st. 15% more than Norway
Spending per primary school student > Per $ GDP $0.00 per student per $1,000
Ranked 3rd. 61 times more than United States
$0.00 per student per $1,000
Ranked 21st.
Literacy and Attainment > Educational attainment: completed tertiary > Tertiary > Population 25+ years > % > Over 24 year olds 31.41%
Ranked 5th.
40.66%
Ranked 3rd. 29% more than Norway

SOURCES: UNESCO; UNESCO Institute for Statistics; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; Source: UNESCO UIS Data | UNESCO Institute for Statistics; World Development Indicators database; World Bank staff estimates using data from the United Nations Statistics Division's Statistical Yearbook, and the UNESCO Institute for Statistics online database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNESCO Institute of Statistics; OECD; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. 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World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; "WOSM MEMBERSHIP as at 31st December 2012". World Organization of the Scout Movement. August 2013.; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; The Times, 2005; OECD; Wikipedia: List of World Organization of the Scout Movement members (Table of World Organization of the Scout Movement members); UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009; United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.; The Times, 2005. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute of Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; "Efficiency and Equity in Schools around the World" by Eric A. Hanushek and Javier A. Luque, April 2002. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Human Development Programme; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=UNESCO&f=series%3aEA_56_Ag25t99, Educational attainment: completed tertiary

Citation

"Education: Norway and United States compared", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/compare/Norway/United-States/Education