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Country vs country: Russia and United States compared: Geography stats

Edsel.G

Author: Edsel.G

Russia is the world’s biggest country by land area, while the United States is either the third or the fourth largest (China’s claims to territories disputed by other countries, especially India, will determine which of the two countries is bigger than the other), with 17,098,242 sqm and 9,826,675 sqm, respectively.

Russia’s territory is transcontinental, with the majority of its land lying in Asia, and with the more populous regions in Europe. Because of its sheer size, the country’s topography and climate vary greatly. Much of the northern regions close to the pole experience freezing temperatures most of the year, while those in the lower regions experience cool summers.

The same thing can be said of the US. Although not as big as Russia, the US is still big enough that multiple climate systems are experienced by this single country. As a matter of fact, the US is situated much closer to the equator than Russia (situated high above the equator and close to the freezing Arctic) giving it warmer climates and more diverse flora and fauna. Hawaii and Miami, in fact, do not experience winters and are mostly warm throughout the year.

The Russian topography, hostile as it may seem, is actually embraced by Russians. The gripping cold during winter seasons have always worked in favor of the Russians especially on two famous historical occasions: the failed invasions of Napoleon and Hitler’s Third Reich. Furthermore, the vast unpopulated regions of the country which are deemed as too cold and too far away from centers of population are wildlife sanctuaries considered as Biosphere reserves by the UN.

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Definitions

  • Area > Comparative: The area of various small countries expressed in comparison to various areas within the United States of America.
  • Area > Comparative to US places: This entry provides an area comparison based on total area equivalents. Most entities are compared with the entire US or one of the 50 states based on area measurements (1990 revised) provided by the US Bureau of the Census. The smaller entities are compared with Washington, DC (178 sq km, 69 sq mi) or The Mall in Washington, DC (0.59 sq km, 0.23 sq mi, 146 acres).
  • Area > Land: Total land area in square kilometres
  • Area > Land > Per capita: Total land area in square kilometres Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Area > Total: Total area in square kilometers
  • Average rainfall in depth > Mm per year: Average rainfall is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid.
  • Climate: A brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year.
  • Coastline: The total length of the boundary between the land area (including islands) and the sea.
  • Geographic coordinates: This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures for the purpose of finding the approximate geographic center of an entity and is based on the Gazetteer of Conventional Names, Third Edition, August 1988, US Board on Geographic Names and on other sources.
  • Land area > Sq. km: Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Land area > Square miles: Country land area.
  • Location: The country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water.
  • Natural resources: A country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance.
  • Surface area > Sq. km: Surface area is a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways.
  • Terrain: A brief description of the topography
  • Average precipitation in depth > Mm per year: Average precipitation in depth (mm per year). Average precipitation is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid.
  • Area > Water: Total water area in square kilometers
  • Land boundaries > Border countries: Length of land boundaries by border country
  • Total area > Sq. km: Surface area is a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways."
  • Population density > People per sq. km: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Rural population density > Rural population per sq. km of arable land: Rural population density is the rural population divided by the arable land area. Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.
  • Irrigated land: The number of square kilometers of land area that is artificially supplied with water.
  • Elevation extremes > Lowest point: This entry is derived from Geography > Elevation extremes, which includes both the highest point and the lowest point.
  • Natural hazards: Potential natural disasters.
  • Maritime claims > Territorial sea: territorial sea - the sovereignty of a coastal State extends beyond its land territory and internal waters to an adjacent belt of sea, described as the territorial sea in the LOS Convention (Part II); this sovereignty extends to the air space over the territorial sea as well as its underlying seabed and subsoil; every State has the right to establish the breadth of its territorial sea up to a limit not exceeding 12 nautical miles. A full and definitive definition can be found in the Law of the Sea (LOS) Convention.
  • Elevation extremes > Highest point: Highest point above sea level
  • Land use > Arable land: The percentage of used land that is arable. Arable land is land cultivated for crops that are replanted after each harvest like wheat, maize, and rice
  • Area > Land per 1000: Total land area in square kilometres. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Maritime claims > Exclusive economic zone: Exclusive economic zone (EEZ) - the LOS Convention (Part V) defines the EEZ as a zone beyond and adjacent to the territorial sea in which a coastal State has: sovereign rights for the purpose of exploring and exploiting, conserving and managing the natura
  • Land use > Other: The percentage share of used land that is not arable or under permanent crops. This includes permanent meadows and pastures, forests and woodlands, built-on areas, roads, barren land, etc.
  • Population density: People per square kilometre, in 1999. At this time the world average was 14.42.
  • Environment > Current issues: This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry:
    Acidification - the lowering of soil and water pH due to acid precipitation and deposition usually through precipitation; this process disrupts ecosystem nutrient flows and may kill freshwater fish and plants dependent on more neutral or alkaline conditions (see acid rain).
    Acid rain - characterized as containing harmful levels of sulfur dioxide or nitrogen oxide; acid rain is damaging and potentially deadly to the earth's fragile ecosystems; acidity is measured using the pH scale where 7 is neutral, values greater than 7 are considered alkaline, and values below 5.6 are considered acid precipitation; note - a pH of 2.4 (the acidity of vinegar) has been measured in rainfall in New England.
    Aerosol - a collection of airborne particles dispersed in a gas, smoke, or fog.
    Afforestation - converting a bare or agricultural space by planting trees and plants; reforestation involves replanting trees on areas that have been cut or destroyed by fire.
    Asbestos - a naturally occurring soft fibrous mineral commonly used in fireproofing materials and considered to be highly carcinogenic in particulate form.
    Biodiversity - also biological diversity; the relative number of species, diverse in form and function, at the genetic, organism, community, and ecosystem level; loss of biodiversity reduces an ecosystem's ability to recover from natural or man-induced disruption.
    Bio-indicators - a plant or animal species whose presence, abundance, and health reveal the general condition of its habitat.
    Biomass - the total weight or volume of living matter in a given area or volume.
    Carbon cycle - the term used to describe the exchange of carbon (in various forms, e.g., as carbon dioxide) between the atmosphere, ocean, terrestrial biosphere, and geological deposits.
    Catchments - assemblages used to capture and retain rainwater and runoff; an important water management technique in areas with limited freshwater resources, such as Gibraltar.
    DDT (dichloro-diphenyl-trichloro-ethane) - a colorless, odorless insecticide that has toxic effects on most animals; the use of DDT was banned in the US in 1972.
    Defoliants - chemicals which cause plants to lose their leaves artificially; often used in agricultural practices for weed control, and may have detrimental impacts on human and ecosystem health.
    Deforestation - ...
    Full definition













  • Coastline per 1000: The total length of the boundary between the land area (including islands) and the sea. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Forest area > Sq. km: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens."
  • Land use > Permanent crops: The percentage share of used land on which permanent crops are grown. This is land cultivated for crops that are not replanted after each harvest like citrus, coffee, and rubber. It includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber.
  • Capital city with population: Capital cities including most recent population (estimates included). Populations are figures only within the city limits, unless otherwise specified. All populations are from 2001 t0 2005 unless otherwise specified.
  • Largest city with population: Largest cities including most recent population (estimates included). Populations are figures only within the city limits, unless otherwise specified. All populations are from 2001 t0 2005 unless otherwise specified.
  • Land area > Sq. km > Per capita: Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Surface area > Sq. km per 1000: Surface area is a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Border to area ratio: The ratio of a country's land border to its surface area.
  • Environment > International agreements > Party to: This entry is derived from Geography > Environment > International agreements, which separates country participation in international environmental agreements into two levels - party to and signed, but not ratified. Agreements are listed in alphabetical order by the abbreviated form of the full name.
  • Area > Total per 1000: Total area in square kilometers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Note: This entry includes miscellaneous geographic information of significance not included elsewhere.
  • Capital: Country capital.
  • Area > Water per 1000: Total water area in square kilometers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Land boundaries > Total: The total length of all land boundaries and the individual lengths for each of the contiguous border countries
  • Map references: The name of the CIA World Factbook reference map on which a country may be found. The entry on Geographic coordinates may be helpful in finding some smaller countries.
  • Google Street View, year added: Year in which country was first covered by Google Street View.
  • Maritime claims > Contiguous zone: This entry is derived from Geography > Maritime claims, which includes the following claims, the definitions of which are excerpted from the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), which alone contains the full and definitive descriptions:
    territorial sea - the sovereignty of a coastal state extends beyond its land territory and internal waters to an adjacent belt of sea, described as the territorial sea in the UNCLOS (Part II); this sovereignty extends to the air space over the territorial sea as well as its underlying seabed and subsoil; every state has the right to establish the breadth of its territorial sea up to a limit not exceeding 12 nautical miles; the normal baseline for measuring the breadth of the territorial sea is the mean low-water line along the coast as marked on large-scale charts officially recognized by the coastal state; where the coasts of two states are opposite or adjacent to each other, neither state is entitled to extend its territorial sea beyond the median line, every point of which is equidistant from the nearest points on the baseline from which the territorial seas of both states are measured; the UNCLOS describes specific rules for archipelagic states.
    contiguous zone - according to the UNCLOS (Article 33), this is a zone contiguous to a coastal state's territorial sea, over which it may exercise the control necessary to: prevent infringement of its customs, fiscal, immigration, or sanitary laws and regulations within its territory or territorial sea; punish infringement of the above laws and regulations committed within its territory or territorial sea; the contiguous zone may not extend beyond 24 nautical miles from the baselines from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured (e.g., the US has claimed a 12-nautical mile contiguous zone in addition to its 12-nautical mile territorial sea); where the coasts of two states are opposite or adjacent to each other, neither state is entitled to extend its contiguous zone beyond the median line, every point of which is equidistant from the nearest points on the baseline from which the contiguous zone of both states are measured.
    exclusive economic zone (EEZ) - the UNCLOS (Part V) defines the EEZ as a zone beyond and adjacent to the territorial sea in which a coastal state has: sovereign rights for the purpose of exploring and exploiting, conserving and managing the natural resources, whether living or non-living, of the waters superjacent to the seabed and of the seabed and its subsoil, and with regard to other ...
    Full definition



  • Irrigated land > Per capita: The number of square kilometers of land area that is artificially supplied with water. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Countries on other side of the world: Countries diametrically opposite of each other. For instance, if one were to draw a straight line though the center of the earth in Argentina it would end in China. These countries are considered antipodes.
  • Highest town: Name of country’s highest permanent settlement, which is occupied year-round.
  • Continent or sub continent: Within Continent / Subcontinent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Environment > International agreements > Signed, but not ratified: This entry is derived from Geography > Environment > International agreements, which separates country participation in international environmental agreements into two levels - party to and signed, but not ratified. Agreements are listed in alphabetical order by the abbreviated form of the full name.
  • Precipitation: Average Annual Precipitation in Largest City (mm, 1931-1960)
  • Irrigated land per million: The number of square kilometers of land area that is artificially supplied with water. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Road density > Km of road per 100 sq. km of land area: Road density (km of road per 100 sq. km of land area). Road density is the ratio of the length of the country's total road network to the country's land area. The road network includes all roads in the country: motorways, highways, main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and other urban and rural roads.
  • Highest point: Name of country’s highest point.
  • Marine Coastline: Length of each country's coastline in kilometers.
  • Surface area > Sq. km > Per capita: Surface area is a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Area > Water > Per capita: Total water area in square kilometers Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Forested Land: Forested land as a proportion of total land area, estimate by FAO
  • Area > Total > Per capita: Total area in square kilometers Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Highest point elevation: Name of country’s highest point.
  • Northernmost point: Northernmost point.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Lowest point altitude: Altitude.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Lowest point: Lowest point.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Maritime claims > Contiguous zone per million people: This entry is derived from Geography > Maritime claims, which includes the following claims, the definitions of which are excerpted from the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), which alone contains the full and definitive descriptions:
    territorial sea - the sovereignty of a coastal state extends beyond its land territory and internal waters to an adjacent belt of sea, described as the territorial sea in the UNCLOS (Part II); this sovereignty extends to the air space over the territorial sea as well as its underlying seabed and subsoil; every state has the right to establish the breadth of its territorial sea up to a limit not exceeding 12 nautical miles; the normal baseline for measuring the breadth of the territorial sea is the mean low-water line along the coast as marked on large-scale charts officially recognized by the coastal state; where the coasts of two states are opposite or adjacent to each other, neither state is entitled to extend its territorial sea beyond the median line, every point of which is equidistant from the nearest points on the baseline from which the territorial seas of both states are measured; the UNCLOS describes specific rules for archipelagic states.
    contiguous zone - according to the UNCLOS (Article 33), this is a zone contiguous to a coastal state's territorial sea, over which it may exercise the control necessary to: prevent infringement of its customs, fiscal, immigration, or sanitary laws and regulations within its territory or territorial sea; punish infringement of the above laws and regulations committed within its territory or territorial sea; the contiguous zone may not extend beyond 24 nautical miles from the baselines from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured (e.g., the US has claimed a 12-nautical mile contiguous zone in addition to its 12-nautical mile territorial sea); where the coasts of two states are opposite or adjacent to each other, neither state is entitled to extend its contiguous zone beyond the median line, every point of which is equidistant from the nearest points on the baseline from which the contiguous zone of both states are measured.
    exclusive economic zone (EEZ) - the UNCLOS (Part V) defines the EEZ as a zone beyond and adjacent to the territorial sea in which a coastal state has: sovereign rights for the purpose of exploring and exploiting, conserving and managing the natural resources, whether living or non-living, of the waters superjacent to the seabed and of the seabed and its subsoil, and with regard to other ...
    Full definition. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.



  • Northernmost point latitude: Latitude.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Land boundaries > Total per million: The total length of all land boundaries and the individual lengths for each of the contiguous border countries. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Land boundaries > Total > Per capita: The total length of all land boundaries and the individual lengths for each of the contiguous border countries Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Low-lying areas > Elevation under 5 metres > % of land area: Land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area). Land area below 5m is the percentage of total land where the elevation is 5 meters or less.
  • Forest area > % of land area: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens."
  • Terrestrial protected areas > % of total land area: Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area). Terrestrial protected areas are totally or partially protected areas of at least 1,000 hectares that are designated by national authorities as scientific reserves with limited public access, national parks, natural monuments, nature reserves or wildlife sanctuaries, protected landscapes, and areas managed mainly for sustainable use. Marine areas, unclassified areas, littoral (intertidal) areas, and sites protected under local or provincial law are excluded.
  • Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic/industrial/agricultural > Total: This entry provides the annual quantity of water in cubic kilometers removed from available sources for use in any purpose. Water drawn-off is not necessarily entirely consumed and some portion may be returned for further use downstream. Domestic sector use refers to water supplied by public distribution systems. Note that some of this total may be used for small industrial and/or limited agricultural purposes. Industrial sector use is the quantity of water used by self-supplied industries not connected to a public distribution system. Agricultural sector use includes water used for irrigation and livestock watering, and does not account for agriculture directly dependent on rainfall. Included are figures for total annual water withdrawal and per capita water withdrawal.
  • Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters > % of total population: Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total population). Population below 5m is the percentage of the total population living in areas where the elevation is 5 meters or less.
  • Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic/industrial/agricultural > Total per million people: This entry provides the annual quantity of water in cubic kilometers removed from available sources for use in any purpose. Water drawn-off is not necessarily entirely consumed and some portion may be returned for further use downstream. Domestic sector use refers to water supplied by public distribution systems. Note that some of this total may be used for small industrial and/or limited agricultural purposes. Industrial sector use is the quantity of water used by self-supplied industries not connected to a public distribution system. Agricultural sector use includes water used for irrigation and livestock watering, and does not account for agriculture directly dependent on rainfall. Included are figures for total annual water withdrawal and per capita water withdrawal. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic/industrial/agricultural > Per capita per million people: This entry provides the annual quantity of water in cubic kilometers removed from available sources for use in any purpose. Water drawn-off is not necessarily entirely consumed and some portion may be returned for further use downstream. Domestic sector use refers to water supplied by public distribution systems. Note that some of this total may be used for small industrial and/or limited agricultural purposes. Industrial sector use is the quantity of water used by self-supplied industries not connected to a public distribution system. Agricultural sector use includes water used for irrigation and livestock watering, and does not account for agriculture directly dependent on rainfall. Included are figures for total annual water withdrawal and per capita water withdrawal. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic/industrial/agricultural > Total: This entry is derived from Geography > Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic/industrial/agricultural , which provides the annual quantity of water in cubic kilometers removed from available sources for use in any purpose. Water drawn-off is not necessarily entirely consumed and some portion may be returned for further use downstream. Domestic sector use refers to water supplied by public distribution systems. Note that some of this total may be used for small industrial and/or limited agricultural purposes. Industrial sector use is the quantity of water used by self-supplied industries not connected to a public distribution system. Agricultural sector use includes water used for irrigation and livestock watering, and does not account for agriculture directly dependent on rainfall. Included are figures for total annual water withdrawal and per capita water withdrawal.
  • Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic/industrial/agricultural > Per capita: This entry provides the annual quantity of water in cubic kilometers removed from available sources for use in any purpose. Water drawn-off is not necessarily entirely consumed and some portion may be returned for further use downstream. Domestic sector use refers to water supplied by public distribution systems. Note that some of this total may be used for small industrial and/or limited agricultural purposes. Industrial sector use is the quantity of water used by self-supplied industries not connected to a public distribution system. Agricultural sector use includes water used for irrigation and livestock watering, and does not account for agriculture directly dependent on rainfall. Included are figures for total annual water withdrawal and per capita water withdrawal.
  • Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic/industrial/agricultural > Per capita: This entry is derived from Geography > Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic/industrial/agricultural , which provides the annual quantity of water in cubic kilometers removed from available sources for use in any purpose. Water drawn-off is not necessarily entirely consumed and some portion may be returned for further use downstream. Domestic sector use refers to water supplied by public distribution systems. Note that some of this total may be used for small industrial and/or limited agricultural purposes. Industrial sector use is the quantity of water used by self-supplied industries not connected to a public distribution system. Agricultural sector use includes water used for irrigation and livestock watering, and does not account for agriculture directly dependent on rainfall. Included are figures for total annual water withdrawal and per capita water withdrawal.
  • Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic/industrial/agricultural > Per capita per million people: This entry is derived from Geography > Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic/industrial/agricultural , which provides the annual quantity of water in cubic kilometers removed from available sources for use in any purpose. Water drawn-off is not necessarily entirely consumed and some portion may be returned for further use downstream. Domestic sector use refers to water supplied by public distribution systems. Note that some of this total may be used for small industrial and/or limited agricultural purposes. Industrial sector use is the quantity of water used by self-supplied industries not connected to a public distribution system. Agricultural sector use includes water used for irrigation and livestock watering, and does not account for agriculture directly dependent on rainfall. Included are figures for total annual water withdrawal and per capita water withdrawal. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic/industrial/agricultural > Total per million people: This entry is derived from Geography > Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic/industrial/agricultural , which provides the annual quantity of water in cubic kilometers removed from available sources for use in any purpose. Water drawn-off is not necessarily entirely consumed and some portion may be returned for further use downstream. Domestic sector use refers to water supplied by public distribution systems. Note that some of this total may be used for small industrial and/or limited agricultural purposes. Industrial sector use is the quantity of water used by self-supplied industries not connected to a public distribution system. Agricultural sector use includes water used for irrigation and livestock watering, and does not account for agriculture directly dependent on rainfall. Included are figures for total annual water withdrawal and per capita water withdrawal. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Terrestrial and marine protected areas > % of total territorial area: Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area). Terrestrial protected areas are totally or partially protected areas of at least 1,000 hectares that are designated by national authorities as scientific reserves with limited public access, national parks, natural monuments, nature reserves or wildlife sanctuaries, protected landscapes, and areas managed mainly for sustainable use. Marine protected areas are areas of intertidal or subtidal terrain--and overlying water and associated flora and fauna and historical and cultural features--that have been reserved by law or other effective means to protect part or all of the enclosed environment. Sites protected under local or provincial law are excluded.
  • Agricultural land > % of land area: Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.
  • Arable land > % of land area: Arable land (% of land area). Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.
STAT Russia United States HISTORY
Area > Comparative approximately 1.8 times the size of the US about half the size of Russia; about three-tenths the size of Africa; about half the size of South America (or slightly larger than Brazil); slightly larger than China; more than twice the size of the European Union
Area > Comparative to US places approximately 1.8 times the size of the US about half the size of Russia; about three-tenths the size of Africa; about half the size of South America (or slightly larger than Brazil); slightly larger than China; more than twice the size of the European Union
Area > Land 17 million sq km
Ranked 1st. 86% more than United States
9.16 million sq km
Ranked 4th.

Area > Land > Per capita 120.79 sq km per 1,000 people
Ranked 20th. 4 times more than United States
30.16 sq km per 1,000 people
Ranked 60th.

Area > Total 17.1 million sq km
Ranked 1st. 74% more than United States
9.83 million sq km
Ranked 4th.

Average rainfall in depth > Mm per year 460
Ranked 136th.
715
Ranked 105th. 55% more than Russia
Climate ranges from steppes in the south through humid continental in much of European Russia; subarctic in Siberia to tundra climate in the polar north; winters vary from cool along Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia; summers vary from warm in the steppes to cool along Arctic coast mostly temperate, but tropical in Hawaii and Florida, arctic in Alaska, semiarid in the great plains west of the Mississippi River, and arid in the Great Basin of the southwest; low winter temperatures in the northwest are ameliorated occasionally in January and February by warm chinook winds from the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains
Coastline 37,653 km
Ranked 4th. 89% more than United States
19,924 km
Ranked 9th.

Geographic coordinates 60 00 N, 100 00 E 38 00 N, 97 00 W
Land area > Sq. km 16.38 million sq km
Ranked 1st. 79% more than United States
9.16 million sq km
Ranked 3rd.

Land area > Square miles 6.6 million square miles
Ranked 1st. 74% more than United States
3.8 million square miles
Ranked 2nd.
Location North Asia bordering the Arctic Ocean, extending from Europe (the portion west of the Urals) to the North Pacific Ocean North America, bordering both the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Pacific Ocean, between Canada and Mexico
Natural resources wide natural resource base including major deposits of oil, natural gas, coal, and many strategic minerals, reserves of rare earth elements, timber coal, copper, lead, molybdenum, phosphates, rare earth elements, uranium, bauxite, gold, iron, mercury, nickel, potash, silver, tungsten, zinc, petroleum, natural gas, timber
Surface area > Sq. km 17.1 million km²
Ranked 1st. 78% more than United States
9.63 million km²
Ranked 3rd.

Terrain broad plain with low hills west of Urals; vast coniferous forest and tundra in Siberia; uplands and mountains along southern border regions vast central plain, mountains in west, hills and low mountains in east; rugged mountains and broad river valleys in Alaska; rugged, volcanic topography in Hawaii
Average precipitation in depth > Mm per year 460
Ranked 143th.
715
Ranked 110th. 55% more than Russia

Area > Water 720,500 sq km
Ranked 2nd. 8% more than United States
664,709 sq km
Ranked 3rd.

Land boundaries > Border countries Azerbaijan 284 km, Belarus 959 km, China (southeast) 3,605 km, China (south) 40 km, Estonia 290 km, Finland 1,313 km, Georgia 723 km, Kazakhstan 6,846 km, North Korea 17.5 km, Latvia 292 km, Lithuania (Kaliningrad Oblast) 227 km, Mongolia 3,441 km, Norway 196 km, Poland (Kaliningrad Oblast) 432 km, Ukraine 1,576 km Canada 8,893 km (including 2,477 km with Alaska), Mexico 3,141 km
Total area > Sq. km 17.1 million
Ranked 1st. 78% more than United States
9.63 million
Ranked 3rd.

Population density > People per sq. km 8.74 people/m²
Ranked 185th.
32.35 people/m²
Ranked 149th. 4 times more than Russia

Rural population density > Rural population per sq. km of arable land 31.73 people/km² of arable lan
Ranked 71st.
32.62 people/km² of arable lan
Ranked 70th. 3% more than Russia

Irrigated land 43,460 sq km
Ranked 14th.
230,000 sq km
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than Russia

Elevation extremes > Lowest point Caspian Sea -28 m Death Valley -86 m
Natural hazards permafrost over much of Siberia is a major impediment to development; volcanic activity in the Kuril Islands; volcanoes and earthquakes on the Kamchatka Peninsula; spring floods and summer/autumn forest fires throughout Siberia and parts of European Russia tsunamis; volcanoes; earthquake activity around Pacific Basin; hurricanes along the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts; tornadoes in the Midwest and Southeast; mud slides in California; forest fires in the west; flooding; permafrost in northern Alaska, a major impediment to development
Maritime claims > Territorial sea 12 nautical mile
Ranked 58th. The same as United States
12 nautical mile
Ranked 61st.

Elevation extremes > Highest point Gora El'brus 5,633 m (highest point in Europe) Mount McKinley (Denali) 6,194 m (highest point in North America)
Land use > Arable land 7.11%
Ranked 132nd.
16.29%
Ranked 65th. 2 times more than Russia

Area > Land per 1000 119.73 sq km
Ranked 14th. 4 times more than United States
30.13 sq km
Ranked 51st.

Maritime claims > Exclusive economic zone 200 nautical mile
Ranked 39th. The same as United States
200 nautical mile
Ranked 41st.

Land use > Other 92.79%
Ranked 98th. 11% more than United States
83.44%
Ranked 150th.

Total renewable water resources None None
Population density 8.61 people per sqkm
Ranked 206th.
29.77 people per sqkm
Ranked 167th. 3 times more than Russia
Environment > Current issues air pollution from heavy industry, emissions of coal-fired electric plants, and transportation in major cities; industrial, municipal, and agricultural pollution of inland waterways and seacoasts; deforestation; soil erosion; soil contamination from improper application of agricultural chemicals; scattered areas of sometimes intense radioactive contamination; groundwater contamination from toxic waste; urban solid waste management; abandoned stocks of obsolete pesticides air pollution resulting in acid rain in both the US and Canada; large emitter of carbon dioxide from the burning of fossil fuels; water pollution from runoff of pesticides and fertilizers; limited natural freshwater resources in much of the western part of the country require careful management; desertification
Coastline per 1000 0.263 km
Ranked 69th. 4 times more than United States
0.0639 km
Ranked 114th.

Forest area > Sq. km 8.09 million
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than United States
3.03 million
Ranked 4th.

Land use > Permanent crops 0.1%
Ranked 185th.
0.26%
Ranked 164th. 3 times more than Russia

Capital city with population Moscow - 10,415,400 Washington, D.C. - 606,900
Largest city with population Moscow - 10,415,400 New York City - 8,168,338
Land area > Sq. km > Per capita 116.4 per 1,000 people
Ranked 17th. 4 times more than United States
30.16 per 1,000 people
Ranked 56th.

Surface area > Sq. km per 1000 119.44 km²
Ranked 17th. 4 times more than United States
32.59 km²
Ranked 53th.

Freshwater > Withdrawal > Total 76.68 477
Border to area ratio 0.00117 km/km²
Ranked 156th.
0.00126 km/km²
Ranked 155th. 8% more than Russia
Environment > International agreements > Party to Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands, Whaling Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
Natural hazards > Volcanism significant volcanic activity on the Kamchatka Peninsula and Kuril Islands; the peninsula alone is home to some 29 historically active volcanoes, with dozens more in the Kuril Islands; Kliuchevskoi (elev. 4,835 m), which erupted in 2007 and 2010, is Kamchatka's most active volcano; Avachinsky and Koryaksky volcanoes, which pose a threat to the city of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy, have been deemed "Decade Volcanoes" by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior, worthy of study due to their explosive history and close proximity to human populations; other notable historically active volcanoes include Bezymianny, Chikurachki, Ebeko, Gorely, Grozny, Karymsky, Ketoi, Kronotsky, Ksudach, Medvezhia, Mutnovsky, Sarychev Peak, Shiveluch, Tiatia, Tolbachik, and Zheltovsky volcanic activity in the Hawaiian Islands, Western Alaska, the Pacific Northwest, and in the Northern Mariana Islands; both Mauna Loa (elev. 4,170 m) in Hawaii and Mount Rainier (elev. 4,392 m) in Washington have been deemed "Decade Volcanoes" by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior, worthy of study due to their explosive history and close proximity to human populations; Pavlof (elev. 2,519 m) is the most active volcano in Alaska's Aleutian Arc and poses a significant threat to air travel since the area constitutes a major flight path between North America and East Asia; St. Helens (elev. 2,549 m), famous for the devastating 1980 eruption, remains active today; numerous other historically active volcanoes exist, mostly concentrated in the Aleutian arc and Hawaii; they include: in Alaska: Aniakchak, Augustine, Chiginagak, Fourpeaked, Iliamna, Katmai, Kupreanof, Martin, Novarupta, Redoubt, Spurr, Wrangell; in Hawaii: Trident, Ugashik-Peulik, Ukinrek Maars, Veniaminof; in the Northern Mariana Islands: Anatahan; and in the Pacific Northwest: Mount Baker, Mount Hood
Area > Total per 1000 120.29 sq km
Ranked 14th. 4 times more than United States
32.31 sq km
Ranked 51st.

Note largest country in the world in terms of area but unfavorably located in relation to major sea lanes of the world; despite its size, much of the country lacks proper soils and climates (either too cold or too dry) for agriculture; Mount El'brus is Europe's tallest peak; Lake Baikal, the deepest lake in the world, is estimated to hold one fifth of the world's fresh water world's third-largest country by size (after Russia and Canada) and by population (after China and India); Mt. McKinley is highest point in North America and Death Valley the lowest point on the continent
Capital Moscow Washington DC
Area > Water per 1000 0.559 sq km
Ranked 47th.
2.19 sq km
Ranked 19th. 4 times more than Russia

Land boundaries > Total 20,241.5 km
Ranked 2nd. 68% more than United States
12,034 km
Ranked 6th.

Map references Asia North America
Google Street View, year added 2,011
Ranked 45th. About the same as United States
2,007
Ranked 73th.
Maritime claims > Contiguous zone 24
Ranked 56th. The same as United States
24
Ranked 59th.

Irrigated land > Per capita 0.318 sq km per 1,000 people
Ranked 65th.
0.77 sq km per 1,000 people
Ranked 26th. 2 times more than Russia

Countries on other side of the world Antarctica , Chile , Argentina , United Kingdom ( Falklands etc.) Mainland: France ( Southern & Antarctic Lands ) Hawaii : Botswana , Namibia Alaska : Antarctica Palmyra Atoll & Kingman Reef : DR Congo American Samoa : Niger , Nigeria
Highest town Kurush Alma
Continent or sub continent Asia / Europe North America
Environment > International agreements > Signed, but not ratified Air Pollution-Sulfur 94 Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Hazardous Wastes
Precipitation 691 mm
Ranked 52nd.
1,201 mm
Ranked 25th. 74% more than Russia
Irrigated land per million 318.12 sq km
Ranked 64th.
771.61 sq km
Ranked 28th. 2 times more than Russia

Road density > Km of road per 100 sq. km of land area 6 sq. km
Ranked 90th.
66.57 sq. km
Ranked 36th. 11 times more than Russia

Highest point Mount Elbrus Mount McKinley
Marine Coastline 37,653 km
Ranked 4th. 89% more than United States
19,924 km
Ranked 9th.
Freshwater > Withdrawal > Per capita 535 1600
Surface area > Sq. km > Per capita 119.47 km² per 1,000 people
Ranked 18th. 4 times more than United States
32.5 km² per 1,000 people
Ranked 54th.

Area > Water > Per capita 564.31 sq km per 1 million peo
Ranked 48th.
2,187.8 sq km per 1 million peo
Ranked 20th. 4 times more than Russia

Forested Land 50.4%
Ranked 36th. 2 times more than United States
24.7%
Ranked 108th.
Area > Total > Per capita 121.36 sq km per 1,000 people
Ranked 20th. 4 times more than United States
32.34 sq km per 1,000 people
Ranked 62nd.

Highest point elevation None
None
Northernmost point Cape Fligeli , Rudolf Island , Franz Josef Land , Arkhangelsk Oblast Point Barrow , Alaska
Lowest point altitude \u221228 m (\u221292 ft) \u221285.5 m (\u2212280.5 ft)
Lowest point Caspian Sea Badwater Basin
Maritime claims > Contiguous zone per million people 0.168
Ranked 75th. 2 times more than United States
0.0758
Ranked 79th.

Northernmost point latitude 81\u00b051'N 71\u00b023'N
Land boundaries > Total per million 142.6 km
Ranked 90th. 4 times more than United States
39.57 km
Ranked 135th.

Land boundaries > Total > Per capita 0.144 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 99th. 4 times more than United States
0.04 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 144th.

Low-lying areas > Elevation under 5 metres > % of land area 1.91%
Ranked 115th. 11% more than United States
1.72%
Ranked 119th.

Forest area > % of land area 49.37%
Ranked 37th. 49% more than United States
33.12%
Ranked 81st.

Terrestrial protected areas > % of total land area 11.33%
Ranked 114th.
13.82%
Ranked 104th. 22% more than Russia

Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic/industrial/agricultural > Total 66.2 cu km/yr
Ranked 12th.
478.4 cu km/yr
Ranked 3rd. 7 times more than Russia

Population living in areas where elevation is below 5 meters > % of total population 2.88%
Ranked 134th.
4.1%
Ranked 115th. 43% more than Russia

Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic/industrial/agricultural > Total per million people 0.465 cu km/yr
Ranked 62nd.
1.51 cu km/yr
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than Russia

Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic/industrial/agricultural > Per capita per million people 3.12 cu m/yr
Ranked 6th.
5.36 cu m/yr
Ranked 51st. 72% more than Russia

Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic/industrial/agricultural > Total 66.2 cu km/yr
Ranked 12th.
478.4 cu km/yr
Ranked 3rd. 7 times more than Russia

Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic/industrial/agricultural > Per capita 454.9 cu m/yr
Ranked 5th.
1,583 cu m/yr
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Russia

Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic/industrial/agricultural > Per capita 454.9 cu m/yr
Ranked 5th.
1,583 cu m/yr
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Russia

Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic/industrial/agricultural > Per capita per million people 3.12 cu m/yr
Ranked 6th.
5.36 cu m/yr
Ranked 51st. 72% more than Russia

Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic/industrial/agricultural > Total per million people 0.465 cu km/yr
Ranked 62nd.
1.51 cu km/yr
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than Russia

Terrestrial and marine protected areas > % of total territorial area 11.35%
Ranked 102nd.
15.14%
Ranked 80th. 33% more than Russia

Agricultural land > % of land area 13.16%
Ranked 161st.
44.88%
Ranked 81st. 3 times more than Russia

Arable land > % of land area 7.42%
Ranked 125th.
17.51%
Ranked 63th. 2 times more than Russia

SOURCES: CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Food and Agriculture Organisation, electronic files and web site.; British Broadcasting Corporation 2014; World Development Indicators database; Food and Agriculture Organization; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Heal The World Foundation.; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook, City Population, CIA World Factbook, World Gazetteer, Official government websites.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of countries and territories by border/area ratio (Border/area ratio); Wikipedia: Google Street View (Coverage); Wikipedia: Antipodes (Countries); Wikipedia: List of highest towns by country (Sovereign, fully recognized countries); Wikipedia: List of political and geographic borders (Countries); United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; International Road Federation, World Road Statistics and electronic files, except where noted.; Wikipedia: List of countries by highest point (Sovereign, fully recognized countries); CIA Factbook: List of countries by coastline size; FAO; Wikipedia: List of countries by northernmost point; Wikipedia: List of countries by lowest point; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Center for International Earth Science Information Network; United Nations Environmental Program and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre; CIA World Factbook 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; CIA World Factbook 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.

Citation

"Geography: Russia and United States compared", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/compare/Russia/United-States/Geography

4

Russia is the world’s biggest country by land area, while the United States is either the third or the fourth largest (China’s claims to territories disputed by other countries, especially India, will determine which of the two countries is bigger than the other), with 17,098,242 sqm and 9,826,675 sqm, respectively.

Russia’s territory is transcontinental, with the majority of its land lying in Asia, and with the more populous regions in Europe. Because of its sheer size, the country’s topography and climate vary greatly. Much of the northern regions close to the pole experience freezing temperatures most of the year, while those in the lower regions experience cool summers.

The same thing can be said of the US. Although not as big as Russia, the US is still big enough that multiple climate systems are experienced by this single country. As a matter of fact, the US is situated much closer to the equator than Russia (situated high above the equator and close to the freezing Arctic) giving it warmer climates and more diverse flora and fauna. Hawaii and Miami, in fact, do not experience winters and are mostly warm throughout the year.

The Russian topography, hostile as it may seem, is actually embraced by Russians. The gripping cold during winter seasons have always worked in favor of the Russians especially on two famous historical occasions: the failed invasions of Napoleon and Hitler’s Third Reich. Furthermore, the vast unpopulated regions of the country which are deemed as too cold and too far away from centers of population are wildlife sanctuaries considered as Biosphere reserves by the UN.

Posted on 06 Apr 2014

Edsel.G

Edsel.G

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