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Country vs country: Russia and United States compared

Edsel.G

Author: Edsel.G

Russia and the United States are among the most influential countries in the world attributed largely by their economic and military superiority. Economically, the United States is ahead by a big lead against Russia, but the latter is an economic giant itself with a lot of potential to grow even bigger.

Russia’s biggest economic asset is the fact that it has a lot of natural resources. The most important of these is the vast oil and gas deposits underneath its huge territory. As a matter of fact, Russia’s petroleum wealth is by far the largest in the world, and the country is keen to take advantage of this. Russia is having a positive pattern of development on all sectors of its society. However, while its progress is fairly impressive, it is hampered by corruption on the higher echelons.

On the other hand, the United States, too, owns a very large territory with an equally impressive stock of natural resources. In terms of oil deposits, the US has proven reserves which are second to that of Russia’s. More than its resource-rich territory, what powers up the American economy is its productivity, which is the highest in the world. The United States has the world’s largest economy, and although China is set to overtake the economic prowess of the US, there is little doubt that about its continued market and global influence.

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Definitions

  • Cost of living > Average monthly disposable salary > After tax: Average Monthly Disposable Salary (After Tax). Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Average Monthly Disposable Salary (After Tax)". Prices in current USD.
  • Crime > Rape rate: Number of rape incidents per 100,000 citizens in different countries. Figures do not take into account rape incidents that go unreported to the police.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Intentional homicide rate: Homicides per 100’000 residents. Homicide is the death of a person purposefully inflicted by another person (it excludes suicides) outside of a state of war. Homicide is a broader category than murder, as it also includes manslaughter. The exact legal definition varies across countries, some of which include infanticide, assisted suicide, euthanasia and deaths caused by dangerous driving.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Murder rate: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Murder rate per million people: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Economy > GDP: GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using single year official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used.
  • Economy > GDP per capita: GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using single year official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Geography > Area > Comparative: The area of various small countries expressed in comparison to various areas within the United States of America.
  • Geography > Area > Land: Total land area in square kilometres
  • Geography > Geographic coordinates: This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures for the purpose of finding the approximate geographic center of an entity and is based on the Gazetteer of Conventional Names, Third Edition, August 1988, US Board on Geographic Names and on other sources.
  • Geography > Land area > Square miles: Country land area.
  • Government > Government type: A description of the basic form of government (e.g., republic, constitutional monarchy, federal republic, parliamentary democracy, military dictatorship).
  • Health > Births and maternity > Total fertility rate: Total fertility rate.
  • Military > Air force > Combat aircraft: Number of fighter aircrafts (fixed wing aircrafts with combat capability).
  • People > Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Health > Physicians > Per 1,000 people: Physicians are defined as graduates of any facility or school of medicine who are working in the country in any medical field (practice, teaching, research).
  • Economy > Population below poverty line: National estimates of the percentage of the population lying below the poverty line are based on surveys of sub-groups, with the results weighted by the number of people in each group. Definitions of poverty vary considerably among nations. For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations.
  • Government > Legal system: A brief description of the legal system's historical roots, role in government, and acceptance of International Court of Justice (ICJ) jurisdiction.
  • Crime > Murder rate: Homicide rate per year per 100,000 inhabitants in various countries.
  • Economy > Gross National Income: GNI, Atlas method (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and prop).
  • Crime > Crime levels: Level of crime. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How serious you feel the level of crime is?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Labor > Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage: Minimum wage.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Government > Legislative branch: This entry contains information on the structure (unicameral, bicameral, tricameral), formal name, number of seats, and term of office. Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election. Election results includes the percent of vote and/or number of seats held by each party in the last election.
  • Geography > Climate: A brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year.
  • Cost of living > Local purchasing power: Local Purchasing Power shows relative purchasing power in buying goods and services in a given city for the average wage in that city. If domestic purchasing power is 40, this means that the inhabitants of that city with the average salary can afford to buy 60% less typical goods and services than New York City residents with an average salary.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Rapes per million people: The number of recorded rapes. Large numbers of rapes go unreported. South Africa is estimated to have 500,000 rapes per year, Egypt 200,000, China 32,000 and the UK with 85,000 rapes per year. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Economy > Budget surplus > + or deficit > -: This entry records the difference between national government revenues and expenditures, expressed as a percent of GDP. A positive (+) number indicates that revenues exceeded expenditures (a budget surplus), while a negative (-) number indicates the reverse (a budget deficit). Normalizing the data, by dividing the budget balance by GDP, enables easy comparisons across countries and indicates whether a national government saves or borrows money. Countries with high budget deficits (relative to their GDPs) generally have more difficulty raising funds to finance expenditures, than those with lower deficits.
  • Environment > Ecological footprint: Ecological footprint per capita
    Units: Hectares per Person
  • Military > Army > Main battle tanks: Number of main battle tanks.
  • Geography > Area > Total: Total area in square kilometers
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Religion > Religions: This entry includes a rank ordering of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population.
  • People > Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Crime > Age of criminal responsibility: The age at which a person is no longer excluded from criminal liability.  The lowest age is indicated for countries where there isn’t a single age limit, for example where different states have different regulations (such as the USA) or there is different limits for boy and girls (such as in Iran). The spectrum is specifically wide for the USA and Mexico (both 6-12 years). Several US states do not stipulate any minimal age for criminal responsibility at all. For further qualifications, exceptions and other notes, please refer to notes.
  • People > Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Geography > Land area > Sq. km: Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Transport > Road > Motor vehicles per 1000 people: Motor vehicles per 1000 people.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Economy > Unemployment rate: This entry contains the percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted.
  • Economy > Budget > Revenues: Revenues calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms
  • Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares: Arable land (in hectares) includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.
  • Government > Constitution: The dates of adoption, revisions, and major amendments to a nation's constitution
  • Crime > Drugs > Annual cannabis use: Estimate of percentage of 15-64 year old population who use Cannabis.
  • Education > Children out of school, primary: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Economy > GDP > Per capita > PPP: This entry shows GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population as of 1 July for the same year.
  • Government > Judicial branch: The name(s) of the highest court(s) and a brief description of the selection process for members.
  • People > Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Environment > Marine fish catch: Total marine fish catch
    Units: Metric Tons
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Loaf of bread > Fresh, white: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of a Loaf of Fresh White Bread (500g). Prices in current USD.
  • Industry > Manufacturing output: Industry corresponds to ISIC divisions 10-45 and includes manufacturing (ISIC divisions 15-37). It comprises value added in mining, manufacturing (also reported as a separate subgroup), construction, electricity, water, and gas. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars."
  • Education > Compulsary education duration: Number of years students are required to be enrolled in school for all levels of education. For instance, compulsary education lasts for 12 years in the United States.
  • Cost of living > Clothing and shoe prices > Shoes > Pair of Nikes: 1 Pair of Nike Shoes. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "1 Pair of Nike Shoes". Prices in current USD.
  • Government > Suffrage: The age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted
  • Crime > Drugs > Opiates use: Annual prevalence.
  • Education > Pupil-teacher ratio, primary: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Primary is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers.
  • Crime > Total crimes: Note: Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • People > Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Military > Navy > Corvette warships: Number of corvettes.
  • People > Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • People > Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • Agriculture > Agricultural machinery > Tractors > Per capita: Agricultural machinery refers to the number of wheel and crawler tractors (excluding garden tractors) in use in agriculture at the end of the calendar year specified or during the first quarter of the following year. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Economy > GDP > Per capita: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment); as a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Bank's PPP project that calculates these measures, so the resulting GDP estimates for these countries may lack precision. For many developing countries, PPP-based GDP measures are multiples of the official exchange rate (OER) measure. The difference between the OER- and PPP-denominated GDP values for most of the weathly industrialized countries are generally much smaller. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Economy > GDP > Purchasing power parity per capita: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment); as a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Bank's PPP project that calculates these measures, so the resulting GDP estimates for these countries may lack precision. For many developing countries, PPP-based GDP measures are multiples of the official exchange rate (OER) measure. The difference between the OER- and PPP-denominated GDP values for most of the weathly industrialized countries are generally much smaller. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Geography > Area > Land > Per capita: Total land area in square kilometres Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Health > Life expectancy at birth, total > Years: Life expectancy at birth, total (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Crime > Fear of crime > Violent hate crime: Worries being subject to a physical attack because of your skin colour, ethnic origin or religion. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being subject to a physical attack because of your skin colour, ethnic origin or religion?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Crime > Justice system > Punishment > Capital punishment (last execution year): Year of last use.
  • Military > Battle-related deaths > Number of people: Battle-related deaths (number of people). Battle-related deaths are deaths in battle-related conflicts between warring parties in the conflict dyad (two conflict units that are parties to a conflict). Typically, battle-related deaths occur in warfare involving the armed forces of the warring parties. This includes traditional battlefield fighting, guerrilla activities, and all kinds of bombardments of military units, cities, and villages, etc. The targets are usually the military itself and its installations or state institutions and state representatives, but there is often substantial collateral damage in the form of civilians being killed in crossfire, in indiscriminate bombings, etc. All deaths--military as well as civilian--incurred in such situations, are counted as battle-related deaths.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Water > 1.5 litre bottle: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of a bottle of water (1.5 liter). Prices in current USD.
  • Economy > Economy > Overview: This entry briefly describes the type of economy, including the degree of market orientation, the level of economic development, the most important natural resources, and the unique areas of specialization. It also characterizes major economic events and policy changes in the most recent 12 months and may include a statement about one or two key future macroeconomic trends.
  • Economy > Exports: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise exports on an f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Gun crime > Guns per 100 residents: Number of privately owned small firearms per 100 residents.
  • People > Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people: Total number of divorces in given year by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Military > Personnel > Per capita: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Government > Capital city > Geographic coordinates: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
  • Energy > Commercial energy use: Commercial energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita). Commercial energy use refers to apparent consumption, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.
  • Agriculture > Agricultural land > Sq. km: Agricultural land (sq. km). Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.
  • Geography > Average rainfall in depth > Mm per year: Average rainfall is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid.
  • Energy > Electricity > Consumption: Total electricity consumed annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution.
  • Government > Executive branch > Cabinet: Cabinet includes the official name for any body of high-ranking advisers roughly comparable to a U.S. Cabinet. Also notes the method for selection of members.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Milk > 1 litre: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 liter of regular Milk. Prices in current USD.
  • Government > Political parties and leaders: Significant political organizations and their leaders.
  • People > Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Military > War deaths: Battle-related deaths are deaths in battle-related conflicts between warring parties in the conflict dyad (two conflict units that are parties to a conflict). Typically, battle-related deaths occur in warfare involving the armed forces of the warring parties. This includes traditional battlefield fighting, guerrilla activities, and all kinds of bombardments of military units, cities, and villages, etc. The targets are usually the military itself and its installations or state institutions and state representatives, but there is often substantial collateral damage in the form of civilians being killed in crossfire, in indiscriminate bombings, etc. All deaths--military as well as civilian--incurred in such situations, are counted as battle-related deaths."
  • Military > Paramilitary personnel: Paramilitary.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Crime > Violent crime > Rapes: The number of recorded rapes. Large numbers of rapes go unreported. South Africa is estimated to have 500,000 rapes per year, Egypt 200,000, China 32,000 and the UK with 85,000 rapes per year.
  • Cost of living > Cinema ticket price > International release: Cinema, International Release, 1 Seat. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Cinema, International Release, 1 Seat". Prices in current USD.
  • Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares per capita: Arable land (hectares per person). Arable land (hectares per person) includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.
  • Economy > Debt > Government debt > Public debt, share of GDP: Public debt as % of GDP (CIA).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Crime > Total crimes per 1000: Note: Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Military > Navy > Submarines: Number of patrol boats (includes minesweepers).
  • Media > Internet > Internet users per thousand people: Internet users. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Health > Probability of not reaching 60: Probability at birth of not reaching the age of 40.
  • Health > Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people: Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases beds for both acute and chronic care are included.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 3 bedroom apartment > City centre: Apartment (3 bedrooms) in City Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Apartment (3 bedrooms) in City Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • Energy > Electric power consumption > KWh per capita: Electric power consumption (kWh per capita). Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants.
  • Military > Budget: Annual defense budget in billion USD.
  • Military > Global Peace Index: The Global Peace Index is comprised of 22 indicators in the three categories ongoing domestic or international conflicts; societal safety; and security and militarization. A low index value indicates a peaceful and safe country.
  • Geography > Surface area > Sq. km: Surface area is a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways.
  • People > Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Education > Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers.
  • Cost of living > Basic utilities > Garbage, water, heating, electricity for 85 sqm apartment: Basic (Electricity, Heating, Water, Garbage) for 85m2 Apartment. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Basic (Electricity, Heating, Water, Garbage) for 85m2 Apartment". Prices in current USD.
  • Education > Children out of school, primary per 1000: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Military > Service age and obligation: This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of sevice obligation.
  • Media > Television > List of TV stations: List of TV stations.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent index: Rent Index is estimation of prices of renting apartments in the city compared to New York City. If Rent index is 80, Numbeo estimates that price for renting in that city is 80% of price in New York.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Egg > Dozen: Average prize of a dozen eggs. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked about the prize of a dozen eggs. Prices in current USD.
  • Education > Literacy > Total population: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Geography > Natural resources: A country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance.
  • Agriculture > Agricultural growth: Index of agricultural production in 1996 - 98 (1989 - 91 = 100)
  • Cost of living > Transport prices > New car > Volkswagen Golf 1.4 or similar: Volkswagen Golf 1.4 90 KW Trendline (Or Equivalent New Car). Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Volkswagen Golf 1.4 90 KW Trendline (Or Equivalent New Car)". Prices in current USD.
  • Government > Political pressure groups and leaders: Organizations with leaders involved in politics, but not standing for legislative election.
  • Transport > Road > Motorway length: Total network length of all motorways in km.
  • Economy > GDP > Composition by sector > Industry: The gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods produced by the industrial sector within a nation in a given year. GDP dollar estimates in the Factbook are derived from purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations. See the CIA World Factbook for more information.
  • Health > Quality of health care system > Health care system index: Health Care Index is an estimation of the overall quality of the health care system, health care professionals, equipment, staff, doctors, cost, etc.
  • Health > Probability of reaching 65 > Male: Probability at birth of reaching the age of 65.
  • People > Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Cigarettes > Pack of Marlboro: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of a Pack of Cigarettes (Marlboro). Prices in current USD.
  • Crime > Robberies: Number of robberies recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Agriculture > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • People > Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper: City population by sex, city and city type.
  • Transport > Road network length > Km: Length of road network in kilometers in European Union countries.
  • Military > Navy > Aircraft carriers: Number of aircraft carriers.
  • People > Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Health > Births and maternity > Future births: Mid-range estimate for country's population increase due to births from five years prior to the given year. For example, from 2095 to 2100, India's population is expected to rise by 16,181 people due to births. Estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Crime > Believes crime increasing in the past 3 years: Crime increasing in the past 3 years. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "In the past three years would you say the level of crime in your community has increased, stayed about the same, or decreased?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Energy > Electricity > Consumption > Per capita: Total electricity consumed annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Health > Births and maternity > Average age of mother at childbirth: Average age of mother at first childbirth.
  • Economy > Public debt: This entry records the cumulatiive total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency. Public debt should not be confused with external debt, which reflects the foreign currency liabilities of both the private and public sector and must be financed out of foreign exchange earnings.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Rice > White, 1kg: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 kg of White Rice. Prices in current USD.
  • Military > Army > Attack helicopters: Number of attack helicopter (includes helicopters that have some attacking capabilities).
  • Industry > Manufacturing, value added > Current US$ per capita: Manufacturing, value added (current US$). Manufacturing refers to industries belonging to ISIC divisions 15-37. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Religion > Christian > Orthodox > Orthodox population: Population by religion, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Economy > Fiscal year: The beginning and ending months for a country's accounting period of 12 months, which often is the calendar year but which may begin in any month. All yearly references are for the calendar year (CY) unless indicated as a noncalendar fiscal year (FY).
  • Military > WMD > Nuclear: A description of the nation's situation with regards to the possession and manufacture of nuclear weapons
  • Education > Secondary education, duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years). Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (years) in secondary education (ISCED 2 & 3).
  • Religion > Religions > All: This entry includes a rank ordering of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population.
  • Agriculture > Cereal yield > Kg per hectare: Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded."
  • Economy > Tourist arrivals > Per capita: International inbound tourists (overnight visitors) are the number of tourists who travel to a country other than that in which they have their usual residence, but outside their usual environment, for a period not exceeding 12 months and whose main purpose in visiting is other than an activity remunerated from within the country visited. When data on number of tourists are not available, the number of visitors, which includes tourists, same-day visitors, cruise passengers, and crew members, is shown instead. Sources and collection methods for arrivals differ across countries. In some cases data are from border statistics (police, immigration, and the like) and supplemented by border surveys. In other cases data are from tourism accommodation establishments. For some countries number of arrivals is limited to arrivals by air and for others to arrivals staying in hotels. Some countries include arrivals of nationals residing abroad while others do not. Caution should thus be used in comparing arrivals across countries. The data on inbound tourists refer to the number of arrivals, not to the number of people traveling. Thus a person who makes several trips to a country during a given period is counted each time as a new arrival." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Economy > Inflation rate > Consumer prices: This entry furnishes the annual percent change in consumer prices compared with the previous year's consumer prices.
  • Geography > Area > Comparative to US places: This entry provides an area comparison based on total area equivalents. Most entities are compared with the entire US or one of the 50 states based on area measurements (1990 revised) provided by the US Bureau of the Census. The smaller entities are compared with Washington, DC (178 sq km, 69 sq mi) or The Mall in Washington, DC (0.59 sq km, 0.23 sq mi, 146 acres).
  • Health > Quality of health care system > Cost: Cost to you. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Cost to you". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Education > Primary education, duration > Years: Primary education, duration (years). Duration of primary is the number of grades (years) in primary education.
  • Crime > Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > At night: Safety walking alone during night. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How safe do you feel walking alone in this city during the night?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Economy > Human Development Index: The human development index values in this table were calculated using a consistent methodology and consistent data series. They are not strictly comparable with those in earlier Human Development Reports.
  • Media > Personal computers > Per capita: Personal computers are self-contained computers designed to be used by a single individual. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Media > Telephones > Mobile cellular > Per capita: The total number of mobile cellular telephones in use. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Energy > Oil > Consumption: This entry is the total oil consumed in barrels per day (bbl/day). The discrepancy between the amount of oil produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors.
  • Education > Primary education, teachers per 1000: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Murders per million people: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Education > College and university > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for college and university enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • Government > Administrative divisions: This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (BGN). Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by BGN are noted.
  • Geography > Location: The country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water.
  • Health > Life expectancy > Men: Life expectancy for men.
  • Lifestyle > Quality of life index: Quality of Life Index is an estimation of overall quality of life by using empirical formula (the formula is an our opinion and it's based on experiments). The actual formula might be changed. Currently, we put the highest weight to pollution - if the environment is polluted too much, the economy or safety cannot fulfill it. We put the second highest importance to safety, since it is more important to feel safe rather than wealthy, in our opinion. etc. The number 65 is added so that the numbers are in such range so it rarely goes under zero (65 is a range modifier).
  • Crime > Violent crime > Murders: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population.
  • Cost of living > Internet > Broadband 6Mpbs, uncapped data: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked abot the price of an Internet connection (6 Mbps, Unlimited Data, Cable/ADSL)". Prices in current USD.
  • Military > Expenditures > Percent of GDP: Current military expenditures as an estimated percent of gross domestic product (GDP).
  • Health > Life expectancy at birth, female > Years: Life expectancy at birth, female (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Geography > Terrain: A brief description of the topography
  • Language > Languages: A rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Health > Life expectancy at birth, male > Years: Life expectancy at birth, male (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Transport > Road density > Km of road per 100 sq. km of land area: Road density is the ratio of the length of the country's total road network to the country's land area. The road network includes all roads in the country: motorways, highways, main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and other urban and rural roads."
  • Geography > Average precipitation in depth > Mm per year: Average precipitation in depth (mm per year). Average precipitation is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid.
  • Economy > Currency > PPP conversion factor to official exchange rate ratio: Purchasing power parity conversion factor is the number of units of a country's currency required to buy the same amount of goods and services in the domestic market as a U.S. dollar would buy in the United States. Official exchange rate refers to the exchange rate determined by national authorities or to the rate determined in the legally sanctioned exchange market. It is calculated as an annual average based on monthly averages (local currency units relative to the U.S. dollar). The ratio of the PPP conversion factor to the official exchange rate (also referred to as the national price level) makes it possible to compare the cost of the bundle of goods that make up gross domestic product (GDP) across countries. It tells how many dollars are needed to buy a dollar's worth of goods in the country as compared to the United States.
  • Media > Households with television: Households with television are the share of households with a television set. Some countries report only the number of households with a color television set, and therefore the true number may be higher than reported.
  • Labor > Unemployment rate: The percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted.
  • People > Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Health > Birth rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people: Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the population growth rate in the absence of migration.
  • Labor > Labor force > By occupation: Component parts of the labor force by occupation.
  • Economy > GDP > Composition, by sector of origin > Services: This entry is derived from Economy > GDP > Composition, by sector of origin, which shows where production takes place in an economy. The distribution gives the percentage contribution of agriculture, industry, and services to total GDP, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete. Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry. Industry includes mining, manufacturing, energy production, and construction. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other private economic activities that do not produce material goods.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Energy > Oil > Production > Per capita: This entry is the total oil produced in barrels per day (bbl/day). The discrepancy between the amount of oil produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Environment > Pollution perceptions > Air pollution: Air Pollution. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the quality of air in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Energy > Energy use > Kg of oil equivalent per capita: Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita). Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Education > Children out of school, primary, female: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Conflict > Terrorism > Global Terrorism Index: Score on Global Terrorism Index. A high value indicates that a country is affected by many terrorist incidents with a strong impact in terms of fatalities, injuries and damaged property.
  • People > Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Education > College and university > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to post-secondary education.
  • Media > News Agencies > List of news agencies: List of news agencies.
  • People > Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Energy > Oil > Consumption > Per capita: This entry is the total oil consumed in barrels per day (bbl/day). The discrepancy between the amount of oil produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Crime > Prisoners: Total persons incarcerated
  • Military > Armed forces personnel: Total armed forces (2000)
  • People > Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Economy > Exports per capita: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise exports on an f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Cost of living > Clothing and shoe prices > Jeans > 1 pair of Levi 501s or equivalent: 1 Pair of Jeans (Levis 501 Or Similar). Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "1 Pair of Jeans (Levis 501 Or Similar)". Prices in current USD.
  • Economy > Tax > Highest marginal tax rate > Individual rate: Highest marginal tax rate (individual rate) is the highest rate shown on the schedule of tax rates applied to the taxable income of individuals.
  • Education > Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP: Percentage of public funding for education out of country's total GDP.
  • Culture > Happy Planet Index: The Happy Planet Index (HPI) is calculated from three components: Perceived well-being, life expectancy and ecological footprint. A higher value indicates a happier population.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Apartment purchase price per sqm > City centre: Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment in City Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment in City Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • Environment > Current issues: This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry:
  • Labor > Labor force: The total labor force figure
  • Environment > Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production is the sum of three IEA categories of CO2 emissions: (1) Main Activity Producer Electricity and Heat which contains the sum of emissions from main activity producer electricity generation, combined heat and power generation and heat plants. Main activity producers (formerly known as public utilities) are defined as those undertakings whose primary activity is to supply the public. They may be publicly or privately owned. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 1 a. For the CO2 emissions from fuel combustion (summary) file, emissions from own on-site use of fuel in power plants (EPOWERPLT) are also included. (2) Unallocated Autoproducers which contains the emissions from the generation of electricity and/or heat by autoproducers. Autoproducers are defined as undertakings that generate electricity and/or heat, wholly or partly for their own use as an activity which supports their primary activity. They may be privately or publicly owned. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, these emissions would normally be distributed between industry, transport and "other" sectors. (3) Other Energy Industries contains emissions from fuel combusted in petroleum refineries, for the manufacture of solid fuels, coal mining, oil and gas extraction and other energy-producing industries. This corresponds to the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 1 b and 1 A 1 c. According to the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, emissions from coke inputs to blast furnaces can either be counted here or in the Industrial Processes source/sink category. Within detailed sectoral calculations, certain non-energy processes can be distinguished. In the reduction of iron in a blast furnace through the combustion of coke, the primary purpose of the coke oxidation is to produce pig iron and the emissions can be considered as an industrial process. Care must be taken not to double count these emissions in both Energy and Industrial Processes. In the IEA estimations, these emissions have been included in this category.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Military > Military service age and obligation: This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of service obligation.
  • Religion > Major religion(s): Country major religions.
  • Labor > Salaries and benefits > Hourly minimum wage: Hourly minimum wage at international USD (this means that discrepancies in purchasing power have been compensated for).
  • Media > Telecoms > Mobile cellular subscriptions > Per 100 people: Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people). Mobile cellular telephone subscriptions are subscriptions to a public mobile telephone service using cellular technology, which provide access to the public switched telephone network. Post-paid and prepaid subscriptions are included.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Economy > Exports > Commodities: This entry provides a listing of the highest-valued exported products; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value.
  • Religion > Islam > Percentage Muslim: Percent of Muslims in each country.
  • Labor > Hours worked > Standard workweek: Standard workweek (hours).
  • Crime > Age of criminal responsibility (notes): Additional information, qualifications, exceptions and notes on the age of criminal responsibility stat, which indicates the age at which a person is no longer excluded from criminal liability.
  • Energy > Oil > Production: This entry is the total oil produced in barrels per day (bbl/day). The discrepancy between the amount of oil produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors.
  • Crime > Auto theft: Number of motor vehicle thefts (car thefts) recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Media > Radio > List of radio stations: List of radio stations.
  • Cost of living > Restaurant prices > McDonalds meal: Combo Meal at McDonalds or Similar. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Combo Meal at McDonalds or Similar". Prices in current USD.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Chicken breasts > Skinless, boneless: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 kg of Chicken Breasts (Boneless, Skinless). Prices in current USD.
  • Background > Overview: A geopolitical overview of every sovereign country in the world, briefly examining their recent history and place on the global stage. The texts are taken from the BBC News website.
  • People > Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Military > Military expenditures: This entry gives spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP); the GDP is calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP). For countries with no military forces, this figure can include expenditures on public security and police.
  • Industry > Gross value added by construction: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars.
  • Transport > Airports: Total number of airports. Runways must be useable, but may be unpaved. May not have facilities for refuelling, maintenance, or air traffic control.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Economy > GDP > Purchasing power parity: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment); as a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Bank's PPP project that calculates these measures, so the resulting GDP estimates for these countries may lack precision. For many developing countries, PPP-based GDP measures are multiples of the official exchange rate (OER) measure. The difference between the OER- and PPP-denominated GDP values for most of the weathly industrialized countries are generally much smaller.
  • Geography > Coastline: The total length of the boundary between the land area (including islands) and the sea.
  • Transport > Road > Expressway length: Expressway length (km).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Economy > Budget > Expenditures: Expenditures calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms
  • Crime > International Court of Justice > Current composition > Term End: Date term of judges of different nationality in the International Court of Justice will come to an end.
  • People > Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • People > Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Government > Capital city > Name: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
  • Geography > Population density > People per sq. km: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Geography > Area > Water: Total water area in square kilometers
  • Economy > Budget > Revenues > Per capita: Revenues calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Language > Major language(s): Country major languages.
  • Media > Internet > Fixed broadband Internet subscribers per 1000: Fixed broadband Internet subscribers. Fixed broadband Internet subscribers are the number of broadband subscribers with a digital subscriber line, cable modem, or other high-speed technology. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • People > Divorce rate: Divorce rate per 1,000 people
  • Agriculture > Products: Major agricultural crops and products
  • Health > Diseases > Cancer > Cancer death rate (per 100,000 population): The number of people that will die from cancer out of 100,000 people the same age. The number is not an accurate telling of the country's cancer rate, but rather how fatal cancer is in each country.
  • Media > Televisions per 1000: The total number of televisions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Agriculture > Cultivable land > Hectares: Cultivable land (in hectares) includes land defined by the Food and Agriculture Organisation as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded."
  • Agriculture > Agriculture, value added > Current US$: Agriculture, value added (current US$), including forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources.
  • People > Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Energy > Gasoline > Pump price for gasoline > US$ per liter: Pump price for gasoline (US$ per liter). Fuel prices refer to the pump prices of the most widely sold grade of gasoline. Prices have been converted from the local currency to U.S. dollars.
  • Health > Life expectancy at birth > Total population: The average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Government > Executive branch > Head of government: Head of government includes the name and title of the top administrative leader who is designated to manage the day-to-day activities of the government. For example, in the UK, the monarch is the chief of state, and the prime minister is the head of government. In the US, the president is both the chief of state and the head of government.
  • Crime > Punishment > Maximum length of sentence: Maximum length of sentence (under life).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Health > Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Energy > Oil > Imports: This entry is the total oil imported in barrels per day (bbl/day), including both crude oil and oil products.
  • Transport > Commute > Distance: Distance. Based on 0-50 contributions for Argentina, Armenia, Austria and 63 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 5 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, and United States. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Distance".
  • Labor > Labor force, total: Labor force, total. Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector.
  • Energy > Electricity > Production: The annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution.
  • Education > Literacy > Female: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 1 bedroom apartment > City centre: Apartment (1 bedroom) in City Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Apartment (1 bedroom) in City Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • Military > Arms trade > Arms exports, top countries: Compares the world's largest arms exporters, in millions of US Dollars. Data corresponds to the year 2010, and was compiled by SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute), a think tank dedicated to the research of conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament in the world, with presence in Stockholm, Beijing and Washington DC.
  • Health > HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS > Per capita: An estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Economy > Inequality > GINI index: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality."
  • Religion > Seventh-day Adventist Membership: This entry lists Seventh-day Adventist membership worldwide as of 2004. Membership is defined as baptised and active.
  • Agriculture > Produce > Food > Production index: Food production index covers food crops that are considered edible and that contain nutrients. Coffee and tea are excluded because, although edible, they have no nutritive value.
  • Economy > Distribution of family income > Gini index: This index measures the degree of inequality in the distribution of family income in a country. The index is calculated from the Lorenz curve, in which cumulative family income is plotted against the number of families arranged from the poorest to the ric
  • Industry > Patent applications > Residents > Per capita: Patent applications are applications filed with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention--a product or process that provides a new way of doing something or offers a new technical solution to a problem. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Government > International organization participation: This entry lists in alphabetical order by abbreviation those international organizations in which the subject country is a member or participates in some other way.
  • People > Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 80 and older.
  • Environment > Pollution perceptions > Water pollution: Water Pollution. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you concerned with the water pollution in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Potatoes > 1kg: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 kg of potatoes. Prices in current USD.
  • Education > Homeschooling legal status: Legal status of homeschooling.
  • People > Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Energy > Electric power consumption > KWh: Electric power consumption (kWh). Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants.
  • Culture > Food and drink > Beer consumption: Total national beer consumption (litres).
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Geography > Land boundaries > Border countries: Length of land boundaries by border country
  • Crime > Prisoners > Per capita: Data for 2003. Number of prisoners held per 100,000 population.
  • Economy > Big Mac Index: Price of a McDonald's Big Mac in US Dollars at current exchange rates. January 12th, 2006.
  • Transport > Vehicles > Per km of road: Vehicles per kilometer of road include cars, buses, and freight vehicles but do not include two-wheelers. Roads refer to motorways, highways, main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and other roads. A motorway is a road specially designed and built for motor traffic that separates the traffic flowing in opposite directions."
  • Sports > World Cup Totals > Wins: Total matches won in World Cup history, 1930-2006. NOTE: Serbia & Montenegro includes historic Yugoslavia's totals. Germany includes West Germany totals.
  • Industry > Manufacturing, value added > Current US$: Manufacturing, value added (current US$). Manufacturing refers to industries belonging to ISIC divisions 15-37. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Agriculture > Farm workers: Agricultural employment shows the number of agricultural workers in the agricultural sector.
  • Agriculture > Agricultural growth per capita: Net per capita agricultural production, expressed in International Dollars. Net means after deduction of feed and seed. International Dollars are calculated using the Geary-Khamis formula, which is designed to neutralize irrelevant exchange rate movements (more information on http://faostat3.fao.org/faostat-gateway/go/to/mes/glossary/*/E)
  • Transport > Motor vehicles: Motor vehicles per 1,000 people
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Apple > 1kg: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 kg of apples. Prices in current USD.
  • Education > College and university > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • Economy > Population below poverty line > Per capita: National estimates of the percentage of the population lying below the poverty line are based on surveys of sub-groups, with the results weighted by the number of people in each group. Definitions of poverty vary considerably among nations. For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Religion > Muslim > Muslim percentage of total population: Muslim percentage (%) of total population 2014 Pew Report.
  • Economy > Tourist arrivals: International inbound tourists (overnight visitors) are the number of tourists who travel to a country other than that in which they have their usual residence, but outside their usual environment, for a period not exceeding 12 months and whose main purpose in visiting is other than an activity remunerated from within the country visited. When data on number of tourists are not available, the number of visitors, which includes tourists, same-day visitors, cruise passengers, and crew members, is shown instead. Sources and collection methods for arrivals differ across countries. In some cases data are from border statistics (police, immigration, and the like) and supplemented by border surveys. In other cases data are from tourism accommodation establishments. For some countries number of arrivals is limited to arrivals by air and for others to arrivals staying in hotels. Some countries include arrivals of nationals residing abroad while others do not. Caution should thus be used in comparing arrivals across countries. The data on inbound tourists refer to the number of arrivals, not to the number of people traveling. Thus a person who makes several trips to a country during a given period is counted each time as a new arrival."
  • Crime > Assaults: Number of assaults recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Culture > World Heritage Sites: Cultural sites.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Transport > Highways > Total > Per capita: total length of the highway system Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Education > Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • People > Marriage rate: Number of marriages per 1,000 people per year
  • Economy > Imports per capita: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise imports on a c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight) or f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Energy > Electricity production from renewable sources > KWh per capita: Electricity production from renewable sources (kWh). Electricity production from renewable sources includes hydropower, geothermal, solar, tides, wind, biomass, and biofuels. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares per 1000: Arable land (in hectares) includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Cost of living > Consumer price index > Plus rent: Consumer Price Plus Rent Index is an estimation of consumer goods prices including rent in the city comparing to New York City. If a city has a an index of 120, it means Numbeo estimates it is 20% more expensive than New York (excluding rent).
  • Environment > Pollution perceptions > Clean water: Water Quality. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you concerned with the water pollution in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • People > Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Economy > Gross National Income per capita: GNI, Atlas method (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and prop). Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Transport > Waterways: The total length and individual names of navigable rivers, canals, and other inland bodies of water.
  • Military > Navy > Frigates: Number of frigates.
  • Health > Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman: Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Education > Tertiary enrollment: Gross enrolment ratio, tertiary level is the sum of all tertiary level students enrolled at the start of the school year, expressed as a percentage of the mid-year population in the 5 year age group after the official secondary school leaving age.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Groceries index: Groceries Index is an estimation of grocery prices in a given location compared to New York City. To calculate this section, Numbeo uses the "Markets" section of each city.
  • Cost of living > Restaurant prices > 3 course meal for 2: Meal for 2, Mid-range Restaurant, Three-course. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Meal for 2, Mid-range Restaurant, Three-course". Prices in current USD.
  • Media > Television receivers > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Economy > GDP per capita > PPP > Current international $: GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP). PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as the U.S. dollar has in the United States. GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current international dollars.
  • Crime > Software piracy rate: The piracy rate is the total number of units of pirated software deployed in 2007 divided by the total units of software installed.
  • Economy > GDP > Composition by sector > Services: The gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final services produced within a nation in a given year. GDP dollar estimates in the Factbook are derived from purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations. See the CIA World Factbook for more information.
  • Transport > Air transport > Passengers carried: Air passengers carried include both domestic and international aircraft passengers of air carriers registered in the country.
  • Transport > Gross value added by transport, storage and communication: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars.
  • Cost of living > Restaurant prices > Restaurant index: Restaurants Index is a comparison of prices of meals and drinks in restaurants and bars compared to NYC.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Apartment purchase price per sqm > Outside city centre: Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment Outside of Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment Outside of Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 5-14.
  • Energy > Oil > Exports: This entry is the total oil exported in barrels per day (bbl/day), including both crude oil and oil products.
  • Crime > Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > During the day: Safety walking alone during daylight. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How safe do you feel walking alone in this city during the daylight?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Religion > Secularism and atheism > Population considering religion unimportant: Percentage of population who says religion is not important in their daily lives. The survey was carried out within the Gallup Poll.
  • Transport > Passenger cars > Per 1,000 people: Passenger cars refer to road motor vehicles, other than two-wheelers, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than nine people (including the driver)."
  • Sports > Chess > GrandMasters: Number of GrandMaster chess champions, by country. A GrandMaster is the highest level of recognition in chess.
  • Media > Internet > Users per 1000: This entry gives the number of users within a country that access the Internet. Statistics vary from country to country and may include users who access the Internet at least several times a week to those who access it only once within a period of several months. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Economy > Currency > Official exchange rate > LCU per US$, period average: Official exchange rate (LCU per US$, period average). Official exchange rate refers to the exchange rate determined by national authorities or to the rate determined in the legally sanctioned exchange market. It is calculated as an annual average based on monthly averages (local currency units relative to the U.S. dollar).
  • Geography > Total area > Sq. km: Surface area is a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways."
  • Economy > Technology index: The technology index denotes the country's technological readiness. This index is created with such indicators as companies spending on R&D;, the creativity of its scientific community, personal computer and internet penetration rates.
  • Cost of living > Sports > Tennis court hire > 1 hour, weekend: Tennis Court Rent (1 Hour on Weekend). Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Tennis Court Rent (1 Hour on Weekend)". Prices in current USD.
  • Cost of living > Consumer price index > Excluding rent: Consumer Price Excl. Rent Index (CPI) is a relative indicator of consumer goods price, including groceries, restaurants, transportation and utilities. CPI Index doesn't include accommodation expenses such as rent or mortgage. If a city has a CPI index of 120, it means Numbeo estimates it is 20% more expensive than New York (excluding rent).
  • Economy > Debt > External > Per capita: Total public and private debt owed to non-residents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Transport > Motor vehicles > Per 1,000 people: Motor vehicles include cars, buses, and freight vehicles but do not include two-wheelers. Population refers to midyear population in the year for which data are available."
  • Industry > Gross value added by manufacturing: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars.
  • Government > Country name > Conventional long form: This entry is derived from Government > Country name, which includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (Italy is used as an example): conventional long form (Italian Republic), conventional short form (Italy), local long form (Repubblica Italiana), local short form (Italia), former (Kingdom of Italy), as well as the abbreviation. Also see the Terminology note.
  • Religion > Christian > Mormon > Congregations: Total Congregations.
  • Industry > Car > Production: OICA defines passenger cars as motor vehicles used for transporting passengers with at least four wheels and containing 8 seats or less.
  • Crime > Murders > Per 100,000 people: Intentional homicide rate is the estimate of intentional homicides in a country as a result of domestic disputes that end in a killing, interpersonal violence, violent conflicts over land resources, inter-gang violence over turf or control, and predatory violence and killing by armed groups. The term, intentional homicide, is broad, but it does not include all intentional killing. In particular, deaths arising from armed conflict are usually considered separately. The difference is usually described by the organisation of the killing. Individuals or small groups usually commit homicide, whereas the killing in armed conflict is usually committed by more or less cohesive groups of up to several hundred members. Two main sources of data are presented: criminal justice (law enforcement) measures (this series), supplemented by data from national statistical agencies, and measures from public health sources (see other intentional homicide series). These various sources measure slightly different phenomena and are therefore unlikely to provide identical numbers."
  • Economy > Reserves of foreign exchange and gold per capita: This entry gives the dollar value for the stock of all financial assets that are available to the central monetary authority for use in meeting a country's balance of payments needs as of the end-date of the period specified. This category includes not only foreign currency and gold, but also a country's holdings of Special Drawing Rights in the International Monetary Fund, and its reserve position in the Fund. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Economy > Development > Human Development Index: Human Development Index trends, 1980-2012.
  • Environment > Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$: Adjusted net national income (constant 2000 US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion.
  • Transport > Ports and terminals: This entry lists major ports and terminals primarily on the basis of the amount of cargo tonnage shipped through the facilities on an annual basis. In some instances, the number of containers handled or ship visits were also considered.
  • People > Age distribution > Child dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant children out of total population aged 15 and older. A dependant child is a child aged 0-14.
  • Military > Navy > Nuclear submarines: Number of nuclear submarines.
  • Energy > Electricity production from renewable sources > KWh: Electricity production from renewable sources (kWh). Electricity production from renewable sources includes hydropower, geothermal, solar, tides, wind, biomass, and biofuels.
  • Energy > Electricity production > KWh: Electricity production (kWh). Electricity production is measured at the terminals of all alternator sets in a station. In addition to hydropower, coal, oil, gas, and nuclear power generation, it covers generation by geothermal, solar, wind, and tide and wave energy, as well as that from combustible renewables and waste. Production includes the output of electricity plants that are designed to produce electricity only as well as that of combined heat and power plants.
  • Military > Military branches: This entry lists the service branches subordinate to defense ministries or the equivalent (typically ground, naval, air, and marine forces).
  • Economy > GDP > Per capita > PPP per thousand people: This entry shows GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population as of 1 July for the same year. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Economy > International tourism > Receipts > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: International tourism receipts are expenditures by international inbound visitors, including payments to national carriers for international transport. These receipts should include any other prepayment made for goods or services received in the destination country. They also may include receipts from same-day visitors, except in cases where these are so important as to justify a separate classification. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Media > Radio broadcast stations: The total number of AM, FM, and shortwave broadcast stations.
  • Geography > Land use > Arable land: The percentage of used land that is arable. Arable land is land cultivated for crops that are replanted after each harvest like wheat, maize, and rice
  • Government > Flag description: A written flag description produced from actual flags or the best information available at the time the entry was written. The flags of independent states are used by their dependencies unless there is an officially recognized local flag. Some disputed and other areas do not have flags.
  • Energy > Crude oil > Production: This entry is the total amount of crude oil produced, in barrels per day (bbl/day).
  • Agriculture > Agricultural machinery > Tractors: Agricultural machinery refers to the number of wheel and crawler tractors (excluding garden tractors) in use in agriculture at the end of the calendar year specified or during the first quarter of the following year.
  • Health > Deaths > Percent deaths registered: Civil registration coverage of deaths (%).
  • Background > National tree: Name of tree.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Economy > Debt > External: Total public and private debt owed to non-residents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services.
  • People > Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • Cost of living > Clothing and shoe prices > Shoes > Pair of men's leather shoes: 1 Pair of Men Leather Shoes. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "1 Pair of Men Leather Shoes". Prices in current USD.
  • Geography > Maritime claims > Territorial sea: territorial sea - the sovereignty of a coastal State extends beyond its land territory and internal waters to an adjacent belt of sea, described as the territorial sea in the LOS Convention (Part II); this sovereignty extends to the air space over the territorial sea as well as its underlying seabed and subsoil; every State has the right to establish the breadth of its territorial sea up to a limit not exceeding 12 nautical miles. A full and definitive definition can be found in the Law of the Sea (LOS) Convention.
  • Crime > Perceived problems > Property crimes including vandalism and theft: Problem property crimes such as vandalism and theft. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) property crimes such as vandalism and theft?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Health > Life expectancy > Women: Life expectancy for women.
  • Crime > Illicit drugs: Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Lifestyle > Happiness net: This statistic is compiled from responses to the survey question: "Taking all things together, would you say you are: very happy, quite happy, not very happy, or not at all happy?". The "Happiness (net)" statistic was obtained via the following formula: the percentage of people who rated themselves as either "quite happy" or "very happy" minus the percentage of people who rated themselves as either "not very happy" or "not at all happy".
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 3 bedroom apartment > Outside city centre: Apartment (3 bedrooms) Outside of Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Apartment (3 bedrooms) Outside of Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • Economy > Tax > Tax rates: Revenue is cash receipts from taxes, social contributions, and other revenues such as fines, fees, rent, and income from property or sales. Grants are also considered as revenue but are excluded here."
  • Economy > Budget > Revenues per capita: Revenues calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Agriculture > Tractors per 1000: Number of tractors 2000. Number of tractors in use refers to the total number of wheeled and crawler tractors used in agriculture. Garden tractors are excluded. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Religion > Secularism and atheism > Population considering religion important: Percentage of population surveyed in a Gallup Poll who answered the question “Is religion important in your daily life?” with “yes”. (Other possible answers were “no”, “don’t know” and “refuse to answer”).
  • Crime > Frauds: Total recorded frauds. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Government > Country name > Conventional short form: This entry is derived from Government > Country name, which includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (Italy is used as an example): conventional long form (Italian Republic), conventional short form (Italy), local long form (Repubblica Italiana), local short form (Italia), former (Kingdom of Italy), as well as the abbreviation. Also see the Terminology note.
  • Environment > Pollution perceptions > Air quality: Air quality. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the quality of air in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Geography > Rural population density > Rural population per sq. km of arable land: Rural population density is the rural population divided by the arable land area. Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Tomatoes > 1kg: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 kg of Tomatoes. Prices in current USD.
  • Economy > GDP per person: GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Government > Red tape > Time required to start a business > Days: Time required to start a business (days). Time required to start a business is the number of calendar days needed to complete the procedures to legally operate a business. If a procedure can be speeded up at additional cost, the fastest procedure, independent of cost, is chosen.
  • Health > HIV AIDS > Adult prevalence rate: An estimate of the percentage of adults (aged 15-49) living with HIV/AIDS. The adult prevalence rate is calculated by dividing the estimated number of adults living with HIV/AIDS at yearend by the total adult population at yearend.
  • Health > Quality of health care system > Skill and competence of medical staff: Skill and competency of medical staff. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the skill and competency of the local medical staff?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Labor > Employment rate > Adults: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Agriculture > Tractors: Number of tractors 2000. Number of tractors in use refers to the total number of wheeled and crawler tractors used in agriculture. Garden tractors are excluded.
  • Crime > Fear of crime > Worries about being attacked: Worries attacked. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being physically attacked by strangers?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Education > High school > Upper secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the upper secondary (high school) level.
  • Economy > GDP > PPP: Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) in Millions of International Dollars, 2004.
  • Industry > CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction contains the emissions from combustion of fuels in industry. The IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 2 includes these emissions. However, in the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, the IPCC category also includes emissions from industry autoproducers that generate electricity and/or heat. The IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the energy consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers). Manufacturing industries and construction also includes emissions from coke inputs into blast furnaces, which may be reported either in the transformation sector, the industry sector or the separate IPCC Source/Sink Category 2, Industrial Processes.
  • Environment > Pollution perceptions > Drinking water pollution: Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How do you find quality and the accessibility of drinking water?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Lifestyle > Happiness level > Very happy: Proportion of people who answered the survey question: "Taking all things together, would you say you are: very happy, quite happy, not very happy, or not at all happy?" by stating that they were "Very happy".
  • Energy > Electricity > Consumption per capita: Total electricity consumed annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 1 bedroom apartment > Outside city centre: Apartment (1 bedroom) Outside of Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Apartment (1 bedroom) Outside of Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • Economy > Imports: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise imports on a c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight) or f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms.
  • Education > Duration of compulsory education: Duration of compulsory education is the number of grades (or years) that a child must legally be enrolled in school.
  • Cost of living > Transport prices > Taxi > Waiting time per hour: Taxi 1hour Waiting (Normal Tariff). Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Taxi 1hour Waiting (Normal Tariff)". Prices in current USD.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Cheese > Local, 1kg: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 kg of local cheese. Prices in current USD.
  • Geography > Elevation extremes > Highest point: Highest point above sea level
  • Military > Nuclear weapons > Nuclear warheads: Total nuclear warheads.
  • Energy > Electricity > Consumption by households per capita: . Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Economy > GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$: GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant U.S. dollars.
  • Government > National anthem: A generally patriotic musical composition - usually in the form of a song or hymn of praise - that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions, or struggles of a nation or its people. National anthems can be officially recognized as a national song by a country's constitution or by an enacted law, or simply by tradition. Although most anthems contain lyrics, some do not.
  • People > Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • People > Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces: Total number of divorces in given year by country.
  • Cost of living > Mobile calls > 1 minute prepaid local call: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 min. of Prepaid Mobile Tariff Local (No Discounts or Plans). Prices in current USD.
  • Media > Internet > International Internet bandwidth > Mbps: International Internet bandwidth is the contracted capacity of international connections between countries for transmitting Internet traffic.
  • Energy > Electricity > Production > Per capita: The annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Labor > Agricultural workers > Male: Proportion of employed males engaged in the agricultural sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Media > Internet > Users > Per capita: This entry gives the number of users within a country that access the Internet. Statistics vary from country to country and may include users who access the Internet at least several times a week to those who access it only once within a period of several months. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Transport > Airports > Per capita: Total number of airports. Runways must be useable, but may be unpaved. May not have facilities for refuelling, maintenance, or air traffic control. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Background > Full name: Full names (translated to english) of the United Nations member states, as of 2014. For a list of full names in the respective original languages of each country, check this link.
  • Health > Quality of health care system > Short waiting times: Responsiveness (waitings) in medical institutions. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the responsiveness (waitings) in medical institutions?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Health > Death rates > Children under 5: Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates."
  • Religion > Christian > Mormon > Members: Membership.
  • Economy > GINI index: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.
  • Environment > Transport CO2 emission index: CO2 Emission Index is an estimation of CO2 consumption due to traffic time. Measurement unit is grams for the return trip. To calculate an average estimation of emission in grams for one way commute to work, divide this value with 2.
  • Government > Executive branch > Elections: Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election
  • Economy > Gross domestic savings > Current US$ per capita: Gross domestic savings are calculated as GDP less final consumption expenditure (total consumption). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Interest rate: Mortgage Interest Rate in Percentages (%), Yearly. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Mortgage Interest Rate in Percentages (%), Yearly". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total: Number of people aged 80 years and older.
  • Labor > Expense > Current LCU: Expense (current LCU). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • Economy > GDP > Composition by sector > Agriculture: The gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods produced by the agricultural sector within a nation in a given year. GDP dollar estimates in the Factbook are derived from purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations. See the CIA World Factbook for more information.
  • Crime > Punishment > Crimes possibly attracting life sentence: Possible other sentence.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Beer > Local half litre bottle: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of Domestic Beer (0.5 liter bottle). Prices in current USD.
  • Media > Fixed line and mobile phone subscribers > Per 1,000 people: Fixed lines are telephone mainlines connecting a customer's equipment to the public switched telephone network. Mobile phone subscribers refer to users of portable telephones subscribing to an automatic public mobile telephone service using cellular technology that provides access to the public switched telephone network.
  • Health > Births and maternity > Infant mortality rate: How many infants, out of 1000, who will die before attaining one year of age.
  • Military > Battle-related deaths > Number of people per million: Battle-related deaths (number of people). Battle-related deaths are deaths in battle-related conflicts between warring parties in the conflict dyad (two conflict units that are parties to a conflict). Typically, battle-related deaths occur in warfare involving the armed forces of the warring parties. This includes traditional battlefield fighting, guerrilla activities, and all kinds of bombardments of military units, cities, and villages, etc. The targets are usually the military itself and its installations or state institutions and state representatives, but there is often substantial collateral damage in the form of civilians being killed in crossfire, in indiscriminate bombings, etc. All deaths--military as well as civilian--incurred in such situations, are counted as battle-related deaths. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Transport > Rail > Railway length: Railway length in kilometers.
  • Geography > Natural hazards: Potential natural disasters.
  • Education > Literacy > Male: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Agriculture > Produce > Cereal > Cereal yield > Kg per hectare: Cereal yield (kg per hectare). Includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food or silage, and those used for grazing, are excluded. The FAO allocates production data to the calendar year in which the bulk of the harvest took place. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year.
  • People > Housing > Average people per household: Household size.
STAT Russia United States HISTORY
Cost of living > Average monthly disposable salary > After tax $686.16
Ranked 80th.
$3,258.85
Ranked 12th. 5 times more than Russia
Crime > Rape rate 3.4
Ranked 38th.
27.3
Ranked 9th. 8 times more than Russia

Crime > Violent crime > Intentional homicide rate 12
Ranked 21st. 3 times more than United States
4.7
Ranked 7th.

Crime > Violent crime > Murder rate 14,574
Ranked 5th. 12% more than United States
12,996
Ranked 9th.

Crime > Violent crime > Murder rate per million people 102.35
Ranked 30th. 2 times more than United States
42.01
Ranked 43th.

Economy > GDP $2.01 trillion
Ranked 9th.
$15.68 trillion
Ranked 2nd. 8 times more than Russia

Economy > GDP per capita $14,037.03
Ranked 44th.
$49,965.27
Ranked 10th. 4 times more than Russia

Geography > Area > Comparative approximately 1.8 times the size of the US about half the size of Russia; about three-tenths the size of Africa; about half the size of South America (or slightly larger than Brazil); slightly larger than China; more than twice the size of the European Union
Geography > Area > Land 17 million sq km
Ranked 1st. 86% more than United States
9.16 million sq km
Ranked 4th.

Geography > Geographic coordinates 60 00 N, 100 00 E 38 00 N, 97 00 W
Geography > Land area > Square miles 6.6 million square miles
Ranked 1st. 74% more than United States
3.8 million square miles
Ranked 2nd.
Government > Government type federation Constitution-based federal republic; strong democratic tradition
Health > Births and maternity > Total fertility rate 1.9%
Ranked 68th.
1.99%
Ranked 33th. 5% more than Russia

Military > Air force > Combat aircraft 1,900
Ranked 1st.
3,318
Ranked 1st. 75% more than Russia
People > Population 142.5 million
Ranked 9th.
316.67 million
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Russia

Health > Physicians > Per 1,000 people 4.25 per 1,000 people
Ranked 2nd. 85% more than United States
2.3 per 1,000 people
Ranked 31st.

Economy > Population below poverty line 12.7%
Ranked 27th.
15.1%
Ranked 34th. 19% more than Russia

Government > Legal system civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts common law system based on English common law at the federal level; state legal systems based on common law except Louisiana, which is based on Napoleonic civil code; judicial review of legislative acts
Crime > Murder rate 15 5
Economy > Gross National Income $253.00 billion
Ranked 17th.
$9.78 trillion
Ranked 1st. 39 times more than Russia
Crime > Crime levels 54.32
Ranked 35th.
55.84
Ranked 30th. 3% more than Russia
Labor > Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage url= http://russianamericanbusiness.org/web_CURRENT/articles/1145/1/The-minimum-wage-will-increase-by-12.9-percent-up-to-5,205-roubles-in-2013|title=The minimum wage will increase by 12.9 percent up to 5,205 roubles in 2013|accessdate=14 June 2013}}</ref> The federal minimum wage in the United States is US$ 7.25 per hour. States may also set a minimum, in which case the higher of the two is controlling; some territories are exempt and have lower rates.
Government > Legislative branch bicameral Federal Assembly or Federalnoye Sobraniye consists of an upper house, the Federation Council or Sovet Federatsii (168 seats; as of July 2000, members appointed by the top executive and legislative officials in each of the 84 federal administrative units - oblasts, krays, republics, autonomous okrugs and oblasts, and the federal cities of Moscow and Saint Petersburg; to serve four-year terms) and a lower house, the State Duma or Gosudarstvennaya Duma (450 seats; as of 2007, all members elected by proportional representation from party lists winning at least 7% of the vote; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) bicameral Congress consists of the Senate
Geography > Climate ranges from steppes in the south through humid continental in much of European Russia; subarctic in Siberia to tundra climate in the polar north; winters vary from cool along Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia; summers vary from warm in the steppes to cool along Arctic coast mostly temperate, but tropical in Hawaii and Florida, arctic in Alaska, semiarid in the great plains west of the Mississippi River, and arid in the Great Basin of the southwest; low winter temperatures in the northwest are ameliorated occasionally in January and February by warm chinook winds from the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains
Cost of living > Local purchasing power 35.93
Ranked 79th.
128.73
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than Russia
Crime > Violent crime > Rapes per million people 34.46
Ranked 37th.
274.04
Ranked 9th. 8 times more than Russia

Economy > Budget surplus > + or deficit > - -0.1% of GDP
Ranked 41st.
-6.8% of GDP
Ranked 157th. 68 times more than Russia

Environment > Ecological footprint 5.36
Ranked 31st.
12.22
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than Russia
Military > Army > Main battle tanks 22,710
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than United States
8,725
Ranked 1st.
Geography > Area > Total 17.1 million sq km
Ranked 1st. 74% more than United States
9.83 million sq km
Ranked 4th.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 16.99%
Ranked 56th. 2% more than United States
16.71%
Ranked 62nd.

Religion > Religions Russian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2%; <i>note:</i> estimates are of practicing worshipers; Russia has large populations of non-practicing believers and non-believers, a legacy of over seven decades of Soviet rule Protestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon 1.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Jewish 1.7%, Buddhist 0.7%, Muslim 0.6%, other or unspecified 2.5%, unaffiliated 12.1%, none 4%
People > Ethnic groups Russian 79.8%, Tatar 3.8%, Ukrainian 2%, Bashkir 1.2%, Chuvash 1.1%, other or unspecified 12.1% white 79.96%, black 12.85%, Asian 4.43%, Amerindian and Alaska native 0.97%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.18%, two or more races 1.61% (July 2007 estimate)
Crime > Age of criminal responsibility 14
Ranked 26th. 2 times more than United States
6
Ranked 58th.
People > Population > Population growth, past and future -0.22
Ranked 135th.
0.122
Ranked 53th.

Geography > Land area > Sq. km 16.38 million sq km
Ranked 1st. 79% more than United States
9.16 million sq km
Ranked 3rd.

Transport > Road > Motor vehicles per 1000 people 293
Ranked 57th.
797
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Russia
Economy > Unemployment rate 5.5%
Ranked 83th.
8.1%
Ranked 47th. 47% more than Russia

Economy > Budget > Revenues $416.80 billion
Ranked 12th.
$2.45 trillion
Ranked 1st. 6 times more than Russia

Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares 121.78 million hectares
Ranked 3rd.
174.45 million hectares
Ranked 1st. 43% more than Russia

Government > Constitution several previous (during Russian Empire and Soviet eras); latest drafted 12 July 1993, adopted by referendum 12 December 1993, effective 25 December 1993; amended 2008 previous 1781 (Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union); latest drafted July - September 1787, submitted to the Congress of the Confederation 20 September 1787, submitted for states' ratification 28 September 1787, ratification completed by nine sta
Crime > Drugs > Annual cannabis use 3.5%
Ranked 16th.
13.7%
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Russia
Education > Children out of school, primary 217,543
Ranked 30th.
1.76 million
Ranked 3rd. 8 times more than Russia

Economy > GDP > Per capita > PPP $17,500.00
Ranked 57th.
$51,700.00
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than Russia

Government > Judicial branch Constitutional Court; Supreme Court; Supreme Arbitration Court; judges for all courts are appointed for life by the Federation Council on the recommendation of the president Supreme Court (nine justices; nominated by the president and confirmed with the advice and consent of the Senate; appointed to serve for life); United States Courts of Appeal; United States District Courts; State and County Courts
People > Birth rate 12.11 births/1,000 population
Ranked 164th.
13.66 births/1,000 population
Ranked 147th. 13% more than Russia

Environment > Marine fish catch 3.47 million tons
Ranked 5th. 4% more than United States
3.33 million tons
Ranked 7th.
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Loaf of bread > Fresh, white $0.68
Ranked 111th.
$2.37
Ranked 18th. 3 times more than Russia
Industry > Manufacturing output 119.14 billion
Ranked 12th.
2.31 trillion
Ranked 2nd. 19 times more than Russia

Education > Compulsary education duration 10
Ranked 51st.
12
Ranked 14th. 20% more than Russia

Cost of living > Clothing and shoe prices > Shoes > Pair of Nikes $96.91
Ranked 69th. 27% more than United States
$76.09
Ranked 114th.
Government > Suffrage 18 years of age; universal 18 years of age; universal
Crime > Drugs > Opiates use 1.64%
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than United States
0.57%
Ranked 3rd.
Education > Pupil-teacher ratio, primary 18.06
Ranked 77th. 26% more than United States
14.29
Ranked 98th.

Crime > Total crimes 2.95 million
Ranked 5th.
11.88 million
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Russia
People > Age distribution > Median age 42.38 years
Ranked 143th.
44.38 years
Ranked 117th. 5% more than Russia

People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 11.68%
Ranked 64th. 4% more than United States
11.22%
Ranked 80th.

Military > Navy > Corvette warships 70
Ranked 1st. 35 times more than United States
2
Ranked 8th.
People > Population growth -0.22%
Ranked 135th.
0.122%
Ranked 53th.

People > Gender > Female population 52.87 million
Ranked 21st.
231.19 million
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Russia

Agriculture > Agricultural machinery > Tractors > Per capita 4.05 per 1,000 people
Ranked 54th.
16.37 per 1,000 people
Ranked 21st. 4 times more than Russia

Economy > GDP > Per capita $14,832.60 per capita
Ranked 55th.
$45,759.46 per capita
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Russia

Economy > GDP > Purchasing power parity per capita $15,654.30
Ranked 53th.
$47,587.30
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Russia

Geography > Area > Land > Per capita 120.79 sq km per 1,000 people
Ranked 20th. 4 times more than United States
30.16 sq km per 1,000 people
Ranked 60th.

Health > Life expectancy at birth, total > Years 69
Ranked 127th.
78.64
Ranked 40th. 14% more than Russia

Crime > Fear of crime > Violent hate crime 44.74
Ranked 10th. 37% more than United States
32.55
Ranked 31st.
Crime > Justice system > Punishment > Capital punishment (last execution year) 1,996
Ranked 4th.
2,014
Ranked 1st. 1% more than Russia
Military > Battle-related deaths > Number of people 359
Ranked 13th. 54% more than United States
233
Ranked 18th.
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Water > 1.5 litre bottle $0.88
Ranked 79th.
$1.75
Ranked 24th. 99% more than Russia
Economy > Economy > Overview Russia has undergone significant changes since the collapse of the Soviet Union, moving from a globally-isolated, centrally-planned economy to a more market-based and globally-integrated economy. Economic reforms in the 1990s privatized most industry, with notable exceptions in the energy and defense-related sectors. The protection of property rights is still weak and the private sector remains subject to heavy state interference. In 2011, Russia became the world's leading oil producer, surpassing Saudi Arabia; Russia is the second-largest producer of natural gas; Russia holds the world's largest natural gas reserves, the second-largest coal reserves, and the eighth-largest crude oil reserves. Russia is also a top exporter of metals such as steel and primary aluminum. Russia's reliance on commodity exports makes it vulnerable to boom and bust cycles that follow the volatile swings in global prices. The government since 2007 has embarked on an ambitious program to reduce this dependency and build up the country's high technology sectors, but with few visible results so far. The economy had averaged 7% growth in the decade following the 1998 Russian financial crisis, resulting in a doubling of real disposable incomes and the emergence of a middle class. The Russian economy, however, was one of the hardest hit by the 2008-09 global economic crisis as oil prices plummeted and the foreign credits that Russian banks and firms relied on dried up. According to the World Bank the government's anti-crisis package in 2008-09 amounted to roughly 6.7% of GDP. The economic decline bottomed out in mid-2009 and the economy began to grow again in the third quarter of 2009. High oil prices buoyed Russian growth in 2011-12 and helped Russia reduce the budget deficit inherited from 2008-09. Russia has reduced unemployment to a record low and has lowered inflation below double digit rates. Russia joined the World Trade Organization in 2012, which will reduce trade barriers in Russia for foreign goods and services and help open foreign markets to Russian goods and services. At the same time, Russia has sought to cement economic ties with countries in the former Soviet space through a Customs Union with Belarus and Kazakhstan, and, in the next several years, through the creation of a new Russia-led economic bloc called the Eurasian Economic Union. Russia has had difficulty attracting foreign direct investment and has experienced large capital outflows in the past several years, leading to official programs to improve Russia's international rankings for its investment climate. Russia's adoption of a new oil-price-based fiscal rule in 2012 and a more flexible exchange rate policy have improved its ability to deal with external shocks, including volatile oil prices. Russia's long-term challenges also include a shrinking workforce, rampant corruption, and underinvestment in infrastructure. The US has the largest and most technologically powerful economy in the world, with a per capita GDP of $49,800. In this market-oriented economy, private individuals and business firms make most of the decisions, and the federal and state governments buy needed goods and services predominantly in the private marketplace. US business firms enjoy greater flexibility than their counterparts in Western Europe and Japan in decisions to expand capital plant, to lay off surplus workers, and to develop new products. At the same time, they face higher barriers to enter their rivals' home markets than foreign firms face entering US markets. US firms are at or near the forefront in technological advances, especially in computers and in medical, aerospace, and military equipment; their advantage has narrowed since the end of World War II. The onrush of technology largely explains the gradual development of a "two-tier labor market" in which those at the bottom lack the education and the professional/technical skills of those at the top and, more and more, fail to get comparable pay raises, health insurance coverage, and other benefits. Since 1975, practically all the gains in household income have gone to the top 20% of households. Since 1996, dividends and capital gains have grown faster than wages or any other category of after-tax income. Imported oil accounts for nearly 55% of US consumption. Crude oil prices doubled between 2001 and 2006, the year home prices peaked; higher gasoline prices ate into consumers' budgets and many individuals fell behind in their mortgage payments. Oil prices climbed another 50% between 2006 and 2008, and bank foreclosures more than doubled in the same period. Besides dampening the housing market, soaring oil prices caused a drop in the value of the dollar and a deterioration in the US merchandise trade deficit, which peaked at $840 billion in 2008. The sub-prime mortgage crisis, falling home prices, investment bank failures, tight credit, and the global economic downturn pushed the United States into a recession by mid-2008. GDP contracted until the third quarter of 2009, making this the deepest and longest downturn since the Great Depression. To help stabilize financial markets, in October 2008 the US Congress established a $700 billion Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP). The government used some of these funds to purchase equity in US banks and industrial corporations, much of which had been returned to the government by early 2011. In January 2009 the US Congress passed and President Barack OBAMA signed a bill providing an additional $787 billion fiscal stimulus to be used over 10 years - two-thirds on additional spending and one-third on tax cuts - to create jobs and to help the economy recover. In 2010 and 2011, the federal budget deficit reached nearly 9% of GDP. In 2012 the federal government reduced the growth of spending and the deficit shrank to 7.6% of GDP. Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan required major shifts in national resources from civilian to military purposes and contributed to the growth of the budget deficit and public debt. Through 2011, the direct costs of the wars totaled nearly $900 billion, according to US government figures. US revenues from taxes and other sources are lower, as a percentage of GDP, than those of most other countries. In March 2010, President OBAMA signed into law the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, a health insurance reform that was designed to extend coverage to an additional 32 million American citizens by 2016, through private health insurance for the general population and Medicaid for the impoverished. Total spending on health care - public plus private - rose from 9.0% of GDP in 1980 to 17.9% in 2010. In July 2010, the president signed the DODD-FRANK Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, a law designed to promote financial stability by protecting consumers from financial abuses, ending taxpayer bailouts of financial firms, dealing with troubled banks that are "too big to fail," and improving accountability and transparency in the financial system - in particular, by requiring certain financial derivatives to be traded in markets that are subject to government regulation and oversight. In December 2012, the Federal Reserve Board announced plans to purchase $85 billion per month of mortgage-backed and Treasury securities in an effort to hold down long-term interest rates, and to keep short term rates near zero until unemployment drops to 6.5% from the December rate of 7.8%, or until inflation rises above 2.5%. Long-term problems include stagnation of wages for lower-income families, inadequate investment in deteriorating infrastructure, rapidly rising medical and pension costs of an aging population, energy shortages, and sizable current account and budget deficits - including significant budget shortages for state governments.
Economy > Exports $528.00 billion
Ranked 8th.
$1.56 trillion
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Russia

Crime > Violent crime > Gun crime > Guns per 100 residents 8.9
Ranked 66th.
88.8
Ranked 1st. 10 times more than Russia
People > Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people 4.68
Ranked 2nd. 66% more than United States
2.81
Ranked 8th.

Military > Personnel > Per capita 10.15 per 1,000 people
Ranked 28th. 95% more than United States
5.22 per 1,000 people
Ranked 70th.

Government > Capital city > Geographic coordinates 55 45 N, 37 35 E 38 53 N, 77 02 W
Energy > Commercial energy use 4,218.12
Ranked 21st.
8,148.38
Ranked 8th. 93% more than Russia
Agriculture > Agricultural land > Sq. km 2.15 million sq. km
Ranked 5th.
4.11 million sq. km
Ranked 2nd. 91% more than Russia

Geography > Average rainfall in depth > Mm per year 460
Ranked 136th.
715
Ranked 105th. 55% more than Russia
Energy > Electricity > Consumption 1.04 trillion kWh
Ranked 1st.
3.89 trillion kWh
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Russia

Government > Executive branch > Cabinet the "Government" is composed of the premier, his deputies, and ministers; all are appointed by the president, and the premier is also confirmed by the Duma Cabinet appointed by the president with Senate approval
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Milk > 1 litre $1.11
Ranked 98th. 12% more than United States
$0.99
Ranked 115th.
Government > Political parties and leaders A Just Russia [Sergey MIRONOV]<br />Communist Party of the Russian Federation or CPRF [Gennadiy ZYUGANOV]<br />Liberal Democratic Party of Russia or LDPR [Vladimir ZHIRINOVSKIY]<br />Right Cause [Andrey DUNAYEV]<br />Rodina [Aleksey ZHURAVLEV]<br />United Russia [Dmitriy MEDVEDEV]<br />Yabloko Party [Sergey MITROKHIN] Democratic Party [Debbie Wasserman SCHULTZ]<br />Green Party<br />Libertarian Party [Mark HINKLE]<br />Republican Party [Reince PRIEBUS]
People > Death rate 13.97 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 10th. 67% more than United States
8.39 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 88th.

Military > War deaths 339
Ranked 17th.
0.0
Ranked 73th.

Military > Paramilitary personnel 449,000
Ranked 1st. 41 times more than United States
11,035
Ranked 1st.
Crime > Violent crime > Rapes 4,907
Ranked 8th.
84,767
Ranked 1st. 17 times more than Russia

Cost of living > Cinema ticket price > International release $8.30
Ranked 52nd.
$10.00
Ranked 37th. 20% more than Russia
Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares per capita 0.85
Ranked 6th. 65% more than United States
0.514
Ranked 14th.

Economy > Debt > Government debt > Public debt, share of GDP 12.2 CIA
Ranked 139th.
72.5 CIA
Ranked 35th. 6 times more than Russia
Crime > Total crimes per 1000 20.32
Ranked 41st.
41.29
Ranked 22nd. 2 times more than Russia
Military > Navy > Submarines 17
Ranked 1st. 9 times more than United States
2
Ranked 8th.
Media > Internet > Internet users per thousand people 532.81
Ranked 78th.
803.03
Ranked 28th. 51% more than Russia
Health > Probability of not reaching 60 30.1%
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than United States
12.8%
Ranked 24th.
Health > Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people 10.5 per 1,000 people
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than United States
3.3 per 1,000 people
Ranked 37th.

Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 3 bedroom apartment > City centre $1,369.09
Ranked 50th.
$1,685.98
Ranked 36th. 23% more than Russia
Energy > Electric power consumption > KWh per capita 6,485.8
Ranked 27th.
13,246.04
Ranked 9th. 2 times more than Russia

Military > Budget 93.76 US$ BN
Ranked 1st.
682 US$ BN
Ranked 1st. 7 times more than Russia
Military > Global Peace Index 3.06
Ranked 8th. 44% more than United States
2.13
Ranked 4th.

Geography > Surface area > Sq. km 17.1 million km²
Ranked 1st. 78% more than United States
9.63 million km²
Ranked 3rd.

People > Population growth rate -0.02%
Ranked 197th.
0.9%
Ranked 124th.

Education > Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary 8.47
Ranked 100th.
14.49
Ranked 56th. 71% more than Russia

Cost of living > Basic utilities > Garbage, water, heating, electricity for 85 sqm apartment $142.79
Ranked 59th.
$162.08
Ranked 44th. 14% more than Russia
Education > Children out of school, primary per 1000 1.53
Ranked 98th.
5.64
Ranked 47th. 4 times more than Russia

Military > Service age and obligation 18-27 years of age for compulsory or voluntary military service; males are registered for the draft at 17 years of age; service obligation - 1 year; reserve obligation to age 50; as of July 2008, a draft military strategy called for the draft to continue up to the year 2030 18 years of age (17 years of age with parental consent) for male and female voluntary service; maximum enlistment age 42 (Army), 27 (Air Force), 34 (Navy), 28 (Marines); service obligation 8 years, including 2-5 years active duty (Army), 2 years active (Navy), 4 years active (Air Force, Marines)
Media > Television > List of TV stations <p>Russia One - national network, run by state-owned Russian State Television and Radio Broadcasting Company (VGTRK)</p> </p>Channel One - national network, 51% owned by state, 49% by private shareholders</p> </p>NTV - national network, owned by state-run Gazprom</p> <br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-17840134">Full Article</a> <p>ABC - major commercial network</p> </p>CBS - major commercial network</p> </p>NBC - major commercial network</p> <br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-16757497">Full Article</a>
Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent index 28.45
Ranked 47th.
37.45
Ranked 30th. 32% more than Russia
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Egg > Dozen $1.48
Ranked 128th.
$2.23
Ranked 70th. 51% more than Russia
Education > Literacy > Total population 99.6%
Ranked 8th. 1% more than United States
99%
Ranked 20th.

Geography > Natural resources wide natural resource base including major deposits of oil, natural gas, coal, and many strategic minerals, reserves of rare earth elements, timber coal, copper, lead, molybdenum, phosphates, rare earth elements, uranium, bauxite, gold, iron, mercury, nickel, potash, silver, tungsten, zinc, petroleum, natural gas, timber
Agriculture > Agricultural growth 118
Ranked 64th. 10% more than United States
107
Ranked 105th.

Cost of living > Transport prices > New car > Volkswagen Golf 1.4 or similar $19,360.44
Ranked 105th.
$20,000.00
Ranked 99th. 3% more than Russia
Government > Political pressure groups and leaders Association of Citizens with Initiative of Russia (TIGR)<br />Confederation of Labor of Russia (KTR)<br />Federation of Independent Labor Unions of Russia<br />Freedom of Choice Interregional Organization of Automobilists<br />Glasnost Defense Foundation<br />Golos Association in Defense of Voters' Rights<br />Greenpeace Russia<br />Human Rights Watch (Russian chapter)<br />Institute for Collective Action<br />Memorial (human rights group)<br />Movement Against Illegal Migration<br />Pamjat (preservation of historical monuments and recording of history)<br />PARNAS<br />Russian Orthodox Church<br />Russian Federation of Car Owners<br />Russian-Chechen Friendship Society<br />Solidarnost<br />SOVA Analytical-Information Center<br />Union of the Committees of Soldiers' Mothers<br />World Wildlife Fund (Russian chapter) environmentalists; business groups; labor unions; churches; ethnic groups; political action committees or PACs; health groups; education groups; civic groups; youth groups; transportation groups; agricultural groups; veterans groups; women's groups; reform lobbies
Transport > Road > Motorway length 1,400 km
Ranked 31st.
75,008 km
Ranked 1st. 54 times more than Russia
Economy > GDP > Composition by sector > Industry 37.6%
Ranked 41st. 97% more than United States
19.1%
Ranked 160th.

Health > Quality of health care system > Health care system index 43.36
Ranked 45th.
69.03
Ranked 23th. 59% more than Russia
Health > Probability of reaching 65 > Male 46.4%
Ranked 118th.
77.4%
Ranked 32nd. 67% more than Russia
People > Population in 2015 136,696 thousand
Ranked 9th.
325,723 thousand
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Russia
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Cigarettes > Pack of Marlboro $1.66
Ranked 129th.
$6.00
Ranked 34th. 4 times more than Russia
Crime > Robberies 90.3
Ranked 4th.
146.4
Ranked 10th. 62% more than Russia
Agriculture > Rural population 22,074
Ranked 146th. 42% more than United States
15,540
Ranked 170th.

People > Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper 70.77 million
Ranked 1st.
85.41 million
Ranked 2nd. 21% more than Russia

Transport > Road network length > Km
Military > Navy > Aircraft carriers 1
Ranked 1st.
10
Ranked 1st. 10 times more than Russia
People > Age structure > 0-14 years 16%
Ranked 187th.
20%
Ranked 156th. 25% more than Russia

Health > Births and maternity > Future births 1,147.41
Ranked 27th.
5,124.49
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Russia

Crime > Believes crime increasing in the past 3 years 48.52
Ranked 85th.
65.22
Ranked 44th. 34% more than Russia
Energy > Electricity > Consumption > Per capita 6,968.56 kWh per capita
Ranked 21st.
12,747.49 kWh per capita
Ranked 3rd. 83% more than Russia

Health > Births and maternity > Average age of mother at childbirth 27.5
Ranked 50th.
28
Ranked 18th. 2% more than Russia

Economy > Public debt 7.7% of GDP
Ranked 143th.
70% of GDP
Ranked 37th. 9 times more than Russia

Cost of living > Prices at markets > Rice > White, 1kg $1.22
Ranked 106th.
$2.70
Ranked 17th. 2 times more than Russia
Military > Army > Attack helicopters 1,655
Ranked 1st.
6,417
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Russia
Industry > Manufacturing, value added > Current US$ per capita $1,814.46
Ranked 10th.
$5,778.47
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than Russia

Religion > Christian > Orthodox > Orthodox population 58.19 million
Ranked 1st. 11 times more than United States
5.27 million
Ranked 9th.
Economy > Fiscal year calendar year 1
Military > WMD > Nuclear The Soviet nuclear weapon program began during World War II and culminated in a successful atomic bomb test in 1949. Russia, as the successor of the Soviet Union, is a nuclear weapon state party to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). According to estimates by the Natural Resources Defense Council, by 1991, the Soviet Union had approximately 35,000 weapons in its stockpile, down from a peak in 1986 of approximately 45,000. Russia is estimated to now have around 20,000 nuclear weapons, although total stockpile size is uncertain because there is no accurate count of tactical nuclear weapons. However, in 2002 Russia declared it will eliminate its tactical nuclear weapons by the end of 2004. Under the START I Treaty, the Russian nuclear arsenal has been reduced to approximately 7,000 strategic warheads. The START II Treaty, which was declared non-binding in June 2002, would have reduced this number to between 3,000 and 3,500 strategic nuclear warheads. The Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty (Treaty of Moscow) requires Russia to reduce the number of deployed strategic warheads to between 1,700 and 2,200 by the end of 2012. Russia inherited a massive nuclear weapons production complex and large stocks of weapons grade fissile material. It is estimated that Russia has between 735 and 1,365 metric tons (t) of weapons grade-equivalent highly enriched uranium (HEU) and between 106 and 156 t of military-use plutonium. As one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), the United States maintains a sizeable arsenal of nuclear weapons, including approximately 10,350 intact warheads, 5300 of which are considered active or operational. Approximately 4,530 strategic warheads are operational, 1,150 of which are deployed on land-based missile systems (Minuteman and Peacekeeper ICBMs), 1,050 on bombers (B-52 and B-2), and 2,016 on submarines (Ohio-class subs). 780 are tactical nuclear weapons (TNWs), and consist of an estimated 200 Tomahawk land attack cruise missiles (TLAM/N), and 580 B61 bombs. The remaining warheads are stockpiled. The only remaining U.S. weapons in forward deployment, aside from those on SSBNs, are approximately 480 of the 580 operational B61 bombs, located at eight bases in six European NATO countries. According to the May 2002 Treaty of Moscow (the Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty, or SORT) between the United States and the Russian Federation, both countries are required to reduce their strategic nuclear arsenals to 1,700-2,200 operationally deployed warheads by 2012. In June 2004, the US Department of Energy announced that "almost half" of these warheads would be retired for dismantlement by 2012. This statement suggests that the total stockpile of 10,350 warheards would be reduced to about 6,000 by this date. Over 5,000 warheads have been removed from deployment by the United States and placed in a "responsive reserve force" (active but not deployed or in overhaul). These "spares," or warheads on inactive status, have not been dismantled, in keeping with past practice under previous U.S. arms control agreements. The Bush administration has rejected U.S. ratification of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, but calls for a continued moratorium on nuclear testing. The NPR calls for a reduction in the amount of time needed (now 18 months as mandated by Congress, but this could be reduced to as little as 12 months) to test a nuclear weapon, suggesting that the United States might decide to resume nuclear testing, although Bush administration officials deny that this is currently planned and explain the shortening of test-site readiness time as a logical extension of the U.S. decision to maintain a testing option. The NPR also calls for discussion on possible development of new, low-yield, bunker-busting TNW. A law barring research and development that could lead to the production by the United States of a new low-yield "bunker buster" nuclear weapon (warheads with a yield of 5 kilotons or less) was passed by Congress in 1994. In its FY2004 budget request, however, the Department of Defense requested a repeal of the 1994 law, suggesting that the U.S. government intends to proceed with development of new nuclear weapons. The repeal was approved by the Senate on 20 May 2003. The Bush administration has requested an additional $8.5 million in its 2006 budget in order to continue research of nuclear "bunker busters" under the Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator (RNEP) Project. Congress rejected RNEP funding and resources for the Advanced Concepts Initiative, one that would develop mini-nukes or exotic designs, completely for FY2005. Weapons laboratories under the Department of Energy began research on the RNEP Project in 2003, and the study is expected to be complete in 2006. The United States used nuclear weapons on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945, making it the only country that has ever used nuclear weapons during a conflict. It ratified the NPT in March 1970.
Education > Secondary education, duration > Years 7
Ranked 37th. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 102nd.

Religion > Religions > All Russian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% (2006 est.) Protestant 52%, Roman Catholic 24%, Mormon 2%, Jewish 1%, Muslim 1%, other 10%, none 10% (2002 est.)
Agriculture > Cereal yield > Kg per hectare 2,388.1
Ranked 88th.
6,624.4
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than Russia

Economy > Tourist arrivals > Per capita 168.27 per 1,000 people
Ranked 94th.
190.7 per 1,000 people
Ranked 91st. 13% more than Russia

Economy > Inflation rate > Consumer prices 5.1%
Ranked 75th. 2 times more than United States
2.1%
Ranked 160th.

Geography > Area > Comparative to US places approximately 1.8 times the size of the US about half the size of Russia; about three-tenths the size of Africa; about half the size of South America (or slightly larger than Brazil); slightly larger than China; more than twice the size of the European Union
Health > Quality of health care system > Cost 47.73
Ranked 39th. 4% more than United States
45.81
Ranked 41st.
Education > Primary education, duration > Years 4
Ranked 188th.
6
Ranked 53th. 50% more than Russia

Crime > Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > At night 34.07
Ranked 70th.
41.84
Ranked 60th. 23% more than Russia
Economy > Human Development Index 0.795
Ranked 61st.
0.944
Ranked 10th. 19% more than Russia
Media > Personal computers > Per capita 121.58 per 1,000 people
Ranked 19th.
762.15 per 1,000 people
Ranked 4th. 6 times more than Russia

Media > Telephones > Mobile cellular > Per capita 1,202.45 per 1,000 people
Ranked 16th. 42% more than United States
846.78 per 1,000 people
Ranked 59th.

Energy > Oil > Consumption 2.74 million bbl/day
Ranked 1st.
18.69 million bbl/day
Ranked 1st. 7 times more than Russia

Education > Primary education, teachers per 1000 1.96
Ranked 142nd.
5.49
Ranked 49th. 3 times more than Russia

Crime > Violent crime > Murders per million people 102.35
Ranked 30th. 2 times more than United States
42.01
Ranked 43th.

Media > Internet users 59.7 million
Ranked 2nd.
245 million
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than Russia
Education > College and university > Gender parity index 1.35
Ranked 44th.
1.41
Ranked 33th. 4% more than Russia

Government > Administrative divisions 46 provinces (oblastey, singular - oblast), 21 republics (respublik, singular - respublika), 4 autonomous okrugs (avtonomnykh okrugov, singular - avtonomnyy okrug), 9 krays (krayev, singular - kray), 2 federal cities (goroda, singular - gorod), and 1 autonomous oblast (avtonomnaya oblast')<br /><strong>oblasts:</strong> Amur (Blagoveshchensk), Arkhangel'sk, Astrakhan', Belgorod, Bryansk, Chelyabinsk, Irkutsk, Ivanovo, Kaliningrad, Kaluga, Kemerovo, Kirov, Kostroma, Kurgan, Kursk, Leningrad, Lipetsk, Magadan, Moscow, Murmansk, Nizhniy Novgorod, Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Orenburg, Orel, Penza, Pskov, Rostov, Ryazan', Sakhalin (Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk), Samara, Saratov, Smolensk, Sverdlovsk (Yekaterinburg), Tambov, Tomsk, Tula, Tver', Tyumen', Ul'yanovsk, Vladimir, Volgograd, Vologda, Voronezh, Yaroslavl'<br /><strong>republics:</strong> Adygeya (Maykop), Altay (Gorno-Altaysk), Bashkortostan (Ufa), Buryatiya (Ulan-Ude), Chechnya (Groznyy), Chuvashiya (Cheboksary), Dagestan (Makhachkala), Ingushetiya (Magas), Kabardino-Balkariya (Nal'chik), Kalmykiya (Elista), Karachayevo-Cherkesiya (Cherkessk), Kareliya (Petrozavodsk), Khakasiya (Abakan), Komi (Syktyvkar), Mariy-El (Yoshkar-Ola), Mordoviya (Saransk), North Ossetia (Vladikavkaz), Sakha [Yakutiya] (Yakutsk), Tatarstan (Kazan'), Tyva (Kyzyl), Udmurtiya (Izhevsk)<br /><strong>autonomous okrugs:</strong> Chukotka (Anadyr'), Khanty-Mansi (Khanty-Mansiysk), Nenets (Nar'yan-Mar), Yamalo-Nenets (Salekhard)<br /><strong>krays:</strong> Altay (Barnaul), Kamchatka (Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy), Khabarovsk, Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk, Perm', Primorskiy [Maritime] (Vladivostok), Stavropol', Zabaykal'sk (Chita)<br /><strong>federal cities:</strong> Moscow [Moskva], Saint Petersburg [Sankt-Peterburg]<br /><strong>autonomous oblast:</strong> Yevrey [Jewish] (Birobidzhan) 50 states and 1 district*; Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia*, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming
Geography > Location North Asia bordering the Arctic Ocean, extending from Europe (the portion west of the Urals) to the North Pacific Ocean North America, bordering both the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Pacific Ocean, between Canada and Mexico
Health > Life expectancy > Men 63 years
Ranked 92nd.
76 years
Ranked 30th. 21% more than Russia
Lifestyle > Quality of life index 16.72
Ranked 67th.
191.27
Ranked 2nd. 11 times more than Russia
Crime > Violent crime > Murders 14,574
Ranked 5th. 12% more than United States
12,996
Ranked 9th.

Cost of living > Internet > Broadband 6Mpbs, uncapped data $11.47
Ranked 142nd.
$45.72
Ranked 63th. 4 times more than Russia
Military > Expenditures > Percent of GDP 3.9%
Ranked 24th.
4.06%
Ranked 22nd. 4% more than Russia
Health > Life expectancy at birth, female > Years 75.1
Ranked 108th.
81.1
Ranked 43th. 8% more than Russia

Geography > Terrain broad plain with low hills west of Urals; vast coniferous forest and tundra in Siberia; uplands and mountains along southern border regions vast central plain, mountains in west, hills and low mountains in east; rugged mountains and broad river valleys in Alaska; rugged, volcanic topography in Hawaii
Language > Languages Russian, many minority languages English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 2.7%, other 0.7%; <i>note:</i> Hawaiian is an official language in the state of Hawaii
Health > Life expectancy at birth, male > Years 63.2
Ranked 145th.
76.3
Ranked 42nd. 21% more than Russia

Transport > Road density > Km of road per 100 sq. km of land area 5.46
Ranked 42nd.
68
Ranked 27th. 12 times more than Russia

Geography > Average precipitation in depth > Mm per year 460
Ranked 143th.
715
Ranked 110th. 55% more than Russia

Economy > Currency > PPP conversion factor to official exchange rate ratio 0.49
Ranked 69th.
1
Ranked 24th. 2 times more than Russia

Media > Households with television 98.03%
Ranked 13th. About the same as United States
97.84%
Ranked 14th.

Labor > Unemployment rate 7.6%
Ranked 48th.
9.7%
Ranked 31st. 28% more than Russia

People > Obesity > Adult obesity rate 26.5%
Ranked 44th.
33%
Ranked 16th. 25% more than Russia

Health > Birth rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people 10.2 per 1,000 people
Ranked 158th.
14 per 1,000 people
Ranked 131st. 37% more than Russia

Labor > Labor force > By occupation agriculture 10.3%, industry 21.4%, services 68.3% farming, forestry, and fishing 0.7%, manufacturing, extraction, transportation, and crafts 22.9%, managerial, professional, and technical 34.9%, sales and office 25%, other services 16.5%; <i>note:</i> figures exclude the unemployed
Economy > GDP > Composition, by sector of origin > Services 58.4%
Ranked 101st.
79.7%
Ranked 14th. 36% more than Russia
People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 11.9 million
Ranked 26th.
51.86 million
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Russia

Energy > Oil > Production > Per capita 69.86 bbl/day per 1,000 peopl
Ranked 20th. 2 times more than United States
28.08 bbl/day per 1,000 peopl
Ranked 29th.

Environment > Pollution perceptions > Air pollution 73.46
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than United States
25.04
Ranked 52nd.
Energy > Energy use > Kg of oil equivalent per capita 5,113.11
Ranked 20th.
6,793.09
Ranked 4th. 33% more than Russia

People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 61.35%
Ranked 61st. 8% more than United States
56.58%
Ranked 104th.

Education > Children out of school, primary, female 88,353
Ranked 31st.
780,465
Ranked 3rd. 9 times more than Russia

Conflict > Terrorism > Global Terrorism Index 7.07
Ranked 9th. 98% more than United States
3.57
Ranked 40th.
People > Age structure > 65 years and over 13.1%
Ranked 58th.
13.9%
Ranked 51st. 6% more than Russia

Education > College and university > Share of total education spending 23.11%
Ranked 34th.
25.65%
Ranked 26th. 11% more than Russia

Media > News Agencies > List of news agencies <p>Itar-Tass - state-owned news agency, pages in English</p> </p>RIA-Novosti - state-owned news agency, pages in English</p> </p>Interfax - private news agency, pages in English</p> <br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-17840134">Full Article</a> <p>Associated Press</p> </p>Bloomberg Business News</p> </p>UPI</p>
People > Gender > Male population 49.02 million
Ranked 24th.
230.88 million
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than Russia

Energy > Oil > Consumption > Per capita 20.21 bbl/day per 1,000 peopl
Ranked 33th.
68.67 bbl/day per 1,000 peopl
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Russia

Crime > Prisoners 846,967 prisoners
Ranked 3rd.
2.02 million prisoners
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Russia
Military > Armed forces personnel 1.52 million
Ranked 2nd. 11% more than United States
1.37 million
Ranked 3rd.
People > Total fertility rate 1.61 children born/woman
Ranked 175th.
2.06 children born/woman
Ranked 116th. 28% more than Russia

Economy > Exports per capita $3,678.60
Ranked 56th.
$4,972.70
Ranked 50th. 35% more than Russia

Cost of living > Clothing and shoe prices > Jeans > 1 pair of Levi 501s or equivalent $98.56
Ranked 29th. 2 times more than United States
$40.58
Ranked 124th.
Economy > Tax > Highest marginal tax rate > Individual rate 13%
Ranked 74th.
35%
Ranked 35th. 3 times more than Russia

Education > Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP 4.1%
Ranked 76th.
5.62%
Ranked 39th. 37% more than Russia

Culture > Happy Planet Index 34.5
Ranked 107th. 12% more than United States
30.7
Ranked 114th.

Cost of living > Real estate prices > Apartment purchase price per sqm > City centre $2,287.92
Ranked 60th. 22% more than United States
$1,874.98
Ranked 76th.
Environment > Current issues air pollution from heavy industry, emissions of coal-fired electric plants, and transportation in major cities; industrial, municipal, and agricultural pollution of inland waterways and seacoasts; deforestation; soil erosion; soil contamination from improper application of agricultural chemicals; scattered areas of sometimes intense radioactive contamination; groundwater contamination from toxic waste; urban solid waste management; abandoned stocks of obsolete pesticides air pollution resulting in acid rain in both the US and Canada; the US is the largest single emitter of carbon dioxide from the burning of fossil fuels; water pollution from runoff of pesticides and fertilizers; limited natural fresh water resources in much of the western part of the country require careful management; desertification
Media > Broadcast media 6 4 m
Labor > Labor force 75.55 million
Ranked 7th.
154.9 million
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than Russia

Environment > Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons 1,000.18
Ranked 4th.
2,478.03
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than Russia

People > Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 27.82%
Ranked 137th.
32.24%
Ranked 107th. 16% more than Russia

People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 17.31 million
Ranked 26th.
77.19 million
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Russia

Military > Military service age and obligation 18-27 years of age for compulsory or voluntary military service; males are registered for the draft at 17 years of age; service obligation is 1 year (conscripts can only be sent to combat zones after 6 months of training); reserve obligation to age 50; enrollment in military schools from the age of 16, cadets classified as members of the armed forces 18 years of age (17 years of age with parental consent) for male and female voluntary service; no conscription; maximum enlistment age 42 (Army), 27 (Air Force), 34 (Navy), 28 (Marines); service obligation 8 years, including 2-5 years active duty (Army), 2 years active (Navy), 4 years active (Air Force, Marines); DoD is eliminating prohibitions restricting women from assignments in units smaller than brigades or near combat units
Religion > Major religion(s) Christianity, Islam Christianity
Labor > Salaries and benefits > Hourly minimum wage $0.76
Ranked 32nd.
$7.25
Ranked 13th. 10 times more than Russia
Media > Telecoms > Mobile cellular subscriptions > Per 100 people 183.52
Ranked 8th. 87% more than United States
98.17
Ranked 111th.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 56.23 million
Ranked 25th.
235.92 million
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Russia

Economy > Exports > Commodities petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas, metals, wood and wood products, chemicals, and a wide variety of civilian and military manufactures agricultural products (soybeans, fruit, corn) 9.2%, industrial supplies (organic chemicals) 26.8%, capital goods (transistors, aircraft, motor vehicle parts, computers, telecommunications equipment) 49.0%, consumer goods (automobiles, medicines) 15.0%
Religion > Islam > Percentage Muslim 15%
Ranked 68th. 11 times more than United States
1.4%
Ranked 114th.
Labor > Hours worked > Standard workweek 40 hours
Ranked 105th. The same as United States
40 hours
Ranked 108th.
Crime > Age of criminal responsibility (notes) 16 by default, 14 years specifically for crimes as listed in Section 20 of the Criminal code, like murder, rape, robbery, extortion, kidnapping, motor vehicle theft, terror attack, stealing restricted substances like explosives or narcotics, aggravated anti-social behaviour, vandalism, false report of a terror attack. url= http://www.national.org.nz/Article.aspx?ArticleID=3882 |title= Saving a generation of young people |first=Don |last=Brash |authorlink= Don Brash |publisher= New Zealand National Party |date = 21 March 2005 |accessdate= 31 October 2012}}&lt;/ref&gt;; however, only 15 states have set minimum ages, which range from 6 to 12 years. States without statutory minimum ages rely on common law, which means that 7 is the minimum age in most states; for federal crimes the age has been set at 11.
Energy > Oil > Production 10.12 million bbl/day
Ranked 1st. 12% more than United States
9.06 million bbl/day
Ranked 2nd.

Crime > Auto theft 17.8
Ranked 52nd.
390.2
Ranked 6th. 22 times more than Russia

Media > Radio > List of radio stations <p>Radio Russia - national network run by state-owned Russian State Television and Radio Broadcasting Company (VGTRK)</p> </p>Ekho Moskvy - editorially-independent station, majority owned by state-run Gazprom</p> </p>Radio Mayak - state-run national network</p> <br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-17840134">Full Article</a> <p>NPR (National Public Radio) - non-commercial network of member stations; news, information and cultural programmes</p> </p>Clear Channel - America&#039;s largest commercial radio operator, owns more than 1,200 stations</p> </p>CBS Radio - major commercial operator with nearly 180 stations in major markets</p> <br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-16757497">Full Article</a>
Cost of living > Restaurant prices > McDonalds meal $6.91
Ranked 54th. 15% more than United States
$6.00
Ranked 77th.
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Chicken breasts > Skinless, boneless $5.30
Ranked 97th.
$7.56
Ranked 47th. 43% more than Russia
Background > Overview <p>Russia emerged from a decade of post-Soviet economic and political turmoil to reassert itself as a world power. </p> <p>Income from vast natural resources, above all oil and gas, have helped Russia overcome the economic collapse of 1998. The state-run gas monopoly Gazprom is the world&#039;s largest producer and exporter, and supplies a growing share of Europe&#039;s needs. </p> <p>Economic strength has allowed Vladimir Putin - Russia&#039;s dominant political figure since 2000 - to enhance state control over political institutions and the media, buoyed by extensive public support for his policies. </p><br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-17839672">Full Article</a> <p>The USA is the world&#039;s foremost economic and military power, with global interests and an unmatched global reach. </p> <p>America&#039;s gross domestic product accounts for close to a quarter of the world total, and its military budget is reckoned to be almost as much as the rest of the world&#039;s defence spending put together.</p> <p>The country is also a major source of entertainment: American TV, Hollywood films, jazz, blues, rock and rap music are primary ingredients in global popular culture. </p><br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-16761057">Full Article</a>
People > Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.41
Ranked 169th.
0.49
Ranked 133th. 20% more than Russia

Military > Military expenditures 3.9% of GDP
Ranked 6th.
4.6% of GDP
Ranked 1st. 18% more than Russia
Industry > Gross value added by construction 111.7 billion
Ranked 9th.
599.29 billion
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than Russia

Transport > Airports 1,218
Ranked 5th.
13,513
Ranked 1st. 11 times more than Russia

People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 62.5 million
Ranked 25th.
261.45 million
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Russia

Economy > GDP > Purchasing power parity $2.49 trillion
Ranked 6th.
$16.24 trillion
Ranked 1st. 7 times more than Russia

Geography > Coastline 37,653 km
Ranked 4th. 89% more than United States
19,924 km
Ranked 9th.

Transport > Road > Expressway length 806 km
Ranked 34th.
76,334 km
Ranked 2nd. 95 times more than Russia
Economy > Budget > Expenditures $418.00 billion
Ranked 12th.
$3.54 trillion
Ranked 1st. 8 times more than Russia

Crime > International Court of Justice > Current composition > Term End 2015 2015
People > Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 13.5
Ranked 21st. 67% more than United States
8.07
Ranked 88th.

People > Sex ratio > At birth 1.06 male(s)/female
Ranked 45th. 1% more than United States
1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 94th.

Government > Capital city > Name Moscow Washington, DC
Geography > Population density > People per sq. km 8.74 people/m²
Ranked 185th.
32.35 people/m²
Ranked 149th. 4 times more than Russia

People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 55.19%
Ranked 61st. 8% more than United States
51.06%
Ranked 99th.

Geography > Area > Water 720,500 sq km
Ranked 2nd. 8% more than United States
664,709 sq km
Ranked 3rd.

Economy > Budget > Revenues > Per capita $2,114.90 per capita
Ranked 58th.
$8,527.60 per capita
Ranked 29th. 4 times more than Russia

Language > Major language(s) Russian English
Media > Internet > Fixed broadband Internet subscribers per 1000 143.93
Ranked 54th.
281.99
Ranked 22nd. 96% more than Russia

People > Divorce rate 3.36 per 1,000 people
Ranked 3rd.
4.95 per 1,000 people
Ranked 1st. 47% more than Russia
Agriculture > Products grain, sugar beets, sunflower seed, vegetables, fruits; beef, milk wheat, corn, other grains, fruits, vegetables, cotton; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; fish; forest products
Health > Diseases > Cancer > Cancer death rate (per 100,000 population) 142
Ranked 62nd. 7% more than United States
133
Ranked 86th.
Media > Televisions per 1000 418.4
Ranked 36th.
754.89
Ranked 3rd. 80% more than Russia
People > Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 28.34 million
Ranked 21st.
148.96 million
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than Russia

Agriculture > Cultivable land > Hectares 121.57 million
Ranked 4th.
170.43 million
Ranked 1st. 40% more than Russia

Agriculture > Agriculture, value added > Current US$ $66.33 billion
Ranked 6th.
$173.80 billion
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Russia

People > Sex ratio > Total population 0.86 male(s)/female
Ranked 223th.
0.97 male(s)/female
Ranked 143th. 13% more than Russia

Energy > Gasoline > Pump price for gasoline > US$ per liter $0.99
Ranked 136th. 2% more than United States
$0.97
Ranked 137th.

Health > Life expectancy at birth > Total population 66.29 years
Ranked 157th.
78.37 years
Ranked 47th. 18% more than Russia

Government > Executive branch > Head of government Premier Dmitriy Anatolyevich MEDVEDEV (since 8 May 2012); First Deputy Premier Igor Ivanovich SHUVALOV (since 12 May 2008); Deputy Premiers Arkadiy Vladimirovich DVORKOVICH (since 21 May 2012), Olga Yuryevna GOLODETS (since 21 May 2012), Aleksandr Gennadiyevich KHLOPONIN (since 19 January 2010), Dmitriy Nikolayevich KOZAK (since 14 October 2008), Dmitriy Olegovich ROGOZIN (since 23 December 2011), Sergey Eduardovich PRIKHODKO (since 22 May 2013), Yuriy Petrovich TRUTNEV (since 31 August 2013) President Barack H. OBAMA (since 20 January 2009); Vice President Joseph R. BIDEN (since 20 January 2009)
Crime > Punishment > Maximum length of sentence 25 years' imprisonment or 30 years in special circumstances for all women and men above age 65 None
Health > Infant mortality rate > Total 10.08 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 143th. 66% more than United States
6.06 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 171st.

Energy > Electricity > Consumption by petroleum refineries 16.61 billion kWh
Ranked 4th.
48.89 billion kWh
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Russia

Energy > Oil > Imports 42,000 bbl/day
Ranked 15th.
11.31 million bbl/day
Ranked 1st. 269 times more than Russia

Transport > Commute > Distance 5.67 km
Ranked 7th.
8.79 km
Ranked 8th. 55% more than Russia
Labor > Labor force, total 77.06 million
Ranked 7th.
158.69 million
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than Russia

Energy > Electricity > Production 1.06 trillion kWh
Ranked 2nd.
4.1 trillion kWh
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than Russia

Education > Literacy > Female 99.5%
Ranked 9th. 1% more than United States
99%
Ranked 17th.

Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 1 bedroom apartment > City centre $747.53
Ranked 43th.
$981.22
Ranked 26th. 31% more than Russia
Military > Arms trade > Arms exports, top countries 8,003
Ranked 2nd.
8,760
Ranked 1st. 9% more than Russia

Health > HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS > Per capita 5.89 per 1,000 people
Ranked 53th. 80% more than United States
3.27 per 1,000 people
Ranked 54th.

Economy > Inequality > GINI index 43.67
Ranked 12th. 7% more than United States
40.81
Ranked 16th.
Religion > Seventh-day Adventist Membership 58,299
Ranked 42nd.
948,892
Ranked 2nd. 16 times more than Russia
Agriculture > Produce > Food > Production index 111.4%
Ranked 52nd. 4% more than United States
107.5%
Ranked 80th.

Economy > Distribution of family income > Gini index 41.7
Ranked 7th.
45
Ranked 6th. 8% more than Russia

Industry > Patent applications > Residents > Per capita 159.5 per 1 million people
Ranked 16th.
630.02 per 1 million people
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Russia

Government > International organization participation APEC, Arctic Council, ARF, ASEAN (dialogue partner), BIS, BRICS, BSEC, CBSS, CD, CE, CERN (observer), CICA, CIS, CSTO, EAEC, EAPC, EAS, EBRD, FAO, FATF, G-20, G-8, GCTU, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAIA (observer), MIGA, MINURSO, MONUSCO, NSG, OAS (observer), OIC (observer), OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, PFP, SCO, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNISFA, UNMIL, UNMISS, UNOCI, UNSC (permanent), UNTSO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC ADB (nonregional member), AfDB (nonregional member), ANZUS, APEC, Arctic Council, ARF, ASEAN (dialogue partner), Australia Group, BIS, BSEC (observer), CBSS (observer), CD, CE (observer), CERN (observer), CICA (observer), CP, EAPC, EAS, EBRD, EITI (implementing country), FAO, FATF, G-20, G-5, G-7, G-8, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD (partners), IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINUSTAH, MONUSCO, NAFTA, NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS, OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, PIF (partner), SAARC (observer), SELEC (observer), SICA (observer), SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNITAR, UNMIL, UNMISS, UNRWA, UNSC (permanent), UNTSO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
People > Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 63%
Ranked 136th.
76.73%
Ranked 93th. 22% more than Russia

People > Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent 7.09%
Ranked 136th.
11.18%
Ranked 93th. 58% more than Russia

Environment > Pollution perceptions > Water pollution 58.98
Ranked 26th. 29% more than United States
45.87
Ranked 38th.
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Potatoes > 1kg $0.85
Ranked 107th.
$2.35
Ranked 19th. 3 times more than Russia
Education > Homeschooling legal status Legal since 1992, law sometimes ignored and not made legal. Legal under regulating conditions, varies by state.
People > Physicians density 4.31 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 1st. 78% more than United States
2.42 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 17th.

Energy > Electric power consumption > KWh 927.21 billion
Ranked 5th.
4.13 trillion
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than Russia

Culture > Food and drink > Beer consumption 9.39 billion L
Ranked 4th.
24.14 billion L
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Russia
People > Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 21.66%
Ranked 138th.
26.71%
Ranked 104th. 23% more than Russia

Geography > Land boundaries > Border countries Azerbaijan 284 km, Belarus 959 km, China (southeast) 3,605 km, China (south) 40 km, Estonia 290 km, Finland 1,313 km, Georgia 723 km, Kazakhstan 6,846 km, North Korea 17.5 km, Latvia 292 km, Lithuania (Kaliningrad Oblast) 227 km, Mongolia 3,441 km, Norway 196 km, Poland (Kaliningrad Oblast) 432 km, Ukraine 1,576 km Canada 8,893 km (including 2,477 km with Alaska), Mexico 3,141 km
Crime > Prisoners > Per capita 584 per 100,000 people
Ranked 2nd.
715 per 100,000 people
Ranked 1st. 22% more than Russia
Economy > Big Mac Index $1.60
Ranked 53th.
$3.15
Ranked 8th. 97% more than Russia
Transport > Vehicles > Per km of road 34.88
Ranked 15th. 13% more than United States
31
Ranked 26th.

Sports > World Cup Totals > Wins 17
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than United States
6
Ranked 26th.
Industry > Manufacturing, value added > Current US$ $260.44 billion
Ranked 2nd.
$1.80 trillion
Ranked 1st. 7 times more than Russia

Agriculture > Farm workers 6.44 million
Ranked 23th. 2 times more than United States
2.67 million
Ranked 47th.

Agriculture > Agricultural growth per capita 122 Int. $
Ranked 24th. 22% more than United States
100 Int. $
Ranked 93th.

Transport > Motor vehicles 124 motor vehicles per 100 p
Ranked 9th.
765 motor vehicles per 100 p
Ranked 1st. 6 times more than Russia
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Apple > 1kg $1.71
Ranked 111th.
$3.69
Ranked 19th. 2 times more than Russia
Education > College and university > Gender ratio 135.63
Ranked 32nd.
140.06
Ranked 29th. 3% more than Russia

Economy > Population below poverty line > Per capita 0.112% per 1 million people
Ranked 24th. 3 times more than United States
0.041% per 1 million people
Ranked 44th.

Religion > Muslim > Muslim percentage of total population 11.7%
Ranked 72nd. 15 times more than United States
0.8%
Ranked 132nd.
Economy > Tourist arrivals 23.68 million
Ranked 11th.
57.94 million
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Russia

Crime > Assaults 26.9
Ranked 8th.
786.7
Ranked 1st. 29 times more than Russia
Culture > World Heritage Sites 15
Ranked 10th. 88% more than United States
8
Ranked 24th.
Transport > Highways > Total > Per capita 3.64 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 44th.
22.22 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 2nd. 6 times more than Russia

Education > Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita 9.19 per 1,000 people
Ranked 21st. 67% more than United States
5.5 per 1,000 people
Ranked 65th.

People > Marriage rate 8.9
Ranked 2nd.
9.8
Ranked 1st. 10% more than Russia
Economy > Imports per capita $2,338.83
Ranked 91st.
$7,336.40
Ranked 47th. 3 times more than Russia

Energy > Electricity production from renewable sources > KWh per capita 1,164
Ranked 31st.
1,652.58
Ranked 14th. 42% more than Russia

Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares per 1000 850.72 hectares
Ranked 3rd. 44% more than United States
590.32 hectares
Ranked 5th.

Cost of living > Consumer price index > Plus rent 43.7
Ranked 53th.
57.93
Ranked 32nd. 33% more than Russia
Environment > Pollution perceptions > Clean water 41.02
Ranked 34th.
54.13
Ranked 22nd. 32% more than Russia
People > Nationality > Adjective Russian American
Economy > Gross National Income per capita $1,733.48
Ranked 78th.
$34,319.53
Ranked 5th. 20 times more than Russia
Transport > Waterways 102,000 km
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than United States
41,009 km
Ranked 2nd.

Military > Navy > Frigates 5
Ranked 1st.
26
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than Russia
Health > Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman 1.29 births per woman
Ranked 164th.
2.05 births per woman
Ranked 117th. 59% more than Russia

Education > Tertiary enrollment 64.1%
Ranked 5th.
72.6%
Ranked 1st. 13% more than Russia
Cost of living > Prices at markets