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Country vs country: Russia and United States compared: People stats

chris.lockyer781

Author: chris.lockyer781

Russia and US together make up 6% of the world population. US counts 325.7 million people within its territories while Russia has less than half of that, counting at 137.7 million even though the country is bigger in area.

The most densely populated region in the US is the east coast while in Russia most of the population lives in the western part. Both countries are highly urbanized with 81% of US population residing in urban areas versus 74% for Russia.

Russia is one of the few countries in the world with a negative growth rate, -0.02%, a decline that started in mid 1990s. This is a common phenomenon among former Soviet states. A factor of this is the death rate being greater than the birth rate.

Compared to US, the death rate in Russia is almost two times higher. There are 14 in every 1000 people dying every year in Russia on an average, versus 8.4 for US.

80% of the Russian population and 80% of the US population is composed of Russians and white respectively. The rest is Tatar, Ukrainian, Bashkir and Chuvash for Russia, and black, Asians, American Indians, Alaskan, Hawaiians and Pacific islanders for US. This heterogeneity has led to both countries having many religions.

Definitions

  • Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people: Total number of divorces in given year by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper: City population by sex, city and city type.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Divorce rate: Divorce rate per 1,000 people
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 80 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Marriage rate: Number of marriages per 1,000 people per year
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces: Total number of divorces in given year by country.
  • Age distribution > Child dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant children out of total population aged 15 and older. A dependant child is a child aged 0-14.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages: Marriages by urban/rural residence.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total: Number of people aged 80 years and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 5-14.
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Gender > Sex ratio at birth: Number of males born for every female born. Countries with a number less than one have more females born than males.
  • Housing > Average people per household: Household size.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas by country.
  • Future population change: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages per thousand people: Marriages by urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Migration > Net migration > Per capita: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Abortion > Abortion rate: Abortions per 1000 women.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Women: Age at which women are allowed to marry with parental consent.
  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men: Average age of men at their first marriage.
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women’s empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries.
  • Percentage living in rural areas.: Percentage of people living in rural areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women: Average age of women at their first marriage.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women: Minimum legal age at which women can be married without parental consent.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total: Number of people aged 5-14.
  • Population density > People per sq. km of land area: Population density (people per sq. km of land area). Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Men: Age at which men are allowed to marry with parental consent.
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Gender > Global Gender Gap Index: The Gender Gap Index considers gender inequality in the dimensions of economic participation (equality of salaries, labor market participation and access to high-skilled employment); access to education; political participation; and health (life expectancy and sex ratio). The highest score of 1 means total equality, 0 means complete inequality. The Index is calculated by the World Economic Forum.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)


  • Gender empowerment: Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM). The GEM measures the participation of women and men in political decision-making. This index also has four indicators: female members of the Legislature, female participation in selected positions in public and private sector, female participation in academic and technical work, and estimated income. Both indexes are based on data collected by the UN and are processed to enable comparison.
  • Migration > Foreign worker salaries: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. Remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers resident in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status, to recipients in their country of origin. Migrants' transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper: Total number of females living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Percentage living in urban areas: Percentage of people living in urban areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Projected population growth: Percentage change in projected population between 2000 and 2050
    Units: Percent Change in Population
    Units: A threshold of 0 was applied. All countries with growth rates of 0 or below received the same score.

  • Migration > Net migration: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period."
  • Gender > Gender inequality index: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Population, total: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant."
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent of people aged 15-19 years who are or have been married or in a marriage-like union recognized by the law or customs of their country.
  • Future population > Females: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper: Total number of males living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition






  • Gender > Female population per thousand people: Total female population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted."
  • Urban and rural > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas by country.
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population: Total number of females living in rural areas by country.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Births > Teen motherhood rate: Proportion of women aged 15-19 who have given birth.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper per thousand people: Total number of females living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Whole population: Female/male ratio of population.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females: Female consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Density and urbanisation > Urban population: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects.
  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.



  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-24. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee: Natives per Refugee.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Population in largest city: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area.
  • Gender > Male population per thousand people: Total male population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Minimum legal marrying age > With parental consent > For Women: Legal Age for Marriage.
  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper per thousand people: Total number of males living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Total Population per capita: Total Population, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • Population, total per 1000: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent: DM.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Cities > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 60 and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-14. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men: Percentage of male population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of males in the same age group.
  • Gender ratio > Babies: Female/male ratio at birth.
  • Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19). Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Future population > Males: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Density and urbanisation > Rural population: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent: HS.
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Overseas Chinese > 2005 Population: Top 20
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, any method, percentage.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories: Date of signing convention
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Cities > Rate of urbanization: Urbanization rate.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000: Urban Areas Over 2,000,000.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 500,000: Urban Areas Over 500,000.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Future population change per thousand people: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • International migrant stock, total: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data.
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Childless women, aged 40-44: Proportion of women who have not given birth by age 40-44.
  • Median age > Both sexes: Age of person who is older than half the population and younger than the other half of the population.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Modern methods: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, modern methods, percentage.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country speak a very different language. A high score of close to 1 indicates that many unrelated languages are spoken. A score of close to 0 means that few languages are spoken, and / or that the spoken languages are similar to one another. For more information, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-59. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 80 years and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time: VT.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Rural population per 1000: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 per million people: Urban Areas Over 500,000. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Migration > International migrant stock > Total: International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data."
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million: Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million. Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people.
  • Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million per 1000: Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million. Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$: GDP per capita (constant 2000 US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in urban agglomerations per thousand people: Total population living in urban agglomerations. An urban agglomeration should not be confused with a metropolitan area, whereas an agglomeration refers to multiple connected urban cities, while a metropolitan area refers to a central urban area with outlying suburban cities and districts. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people 65 years old and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-4. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults: Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Rural population > Per capita: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Number of neonatal deaths per million: Number of neonatal deaths. Number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using any type of contraceptive.
  • Note: Country people note.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 per million people: Urban Areas Over 2,000,000. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 per million people: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Minimum marrying age > With parental consent > For Men: Minimum legal age at which men can be married with parental consent.
  • Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > National estimate, per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio (national estimate, per 100,000 live births). Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die from pregnancy-related causes while pregnant or within 42 days of pregnancy termination per 100,000 live births.
  • Urban and rural > Males living in urban agglomerations per thousand people: Total number of males living in urban agglomerations. An urban agglomeration should not be confused with a metropolitan area, whereas an agglomeration refers to multiple connected urban cities, while a metropolitan area refers to a central urban area with outlying suburban cities and districts. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Future population > Males per thousand people: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugee population by country or territory of origin. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant.
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Dynamics > Death rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people: Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration."
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 2000 adjusted
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Total population > Age 20-24: Total population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 10-14: Male population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Notes: Notes.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males: Male consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Population in largest city > Per capita: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, female > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, female (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, female (per 1,000)
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-64. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation). Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia: Modified Non-Return Rate.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants: Portion of immigrants in Canada.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 60: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 60 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 60, there are 196 females who are over 60.
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio > Reported: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 1985 - 2002 reported
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Enlarged Jewish population per thousand people:

    Jewish population by country. The enlarged Jewish community includes Jews, non-Jews with Jewish ancestry and non-Jewish members of Jewish households.   

    . Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Health expenditures: This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP. Health expenditures are broadly defined as activities performed either by institutions or individuals through the application of medical, paramedical, and/or nursing knowledge and technology, the primary purpose of which is to promote, restore, or maintain health.
  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country: Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in: rate varies by country). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births). Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence.
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths per million: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Urban population: Female/male ratio of urban population.
  • Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio: Women per 100 men, rural population.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged 30 to 39: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged above 59: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged above 59: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Immigration > Country of birth of Australian resident population per thousand people: Australian residents born outside of Australia by country of birth. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 25-29: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 20-24: Male population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 10-14: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 20-24: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 25-29: Total population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million: Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people.
  • Future population > Females per thousand people: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 65: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Female population > Age 95-99: Female population - Age 95-99, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 75-79 per 1000: Male population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 95-99: Male population - Age 95-99, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 65-69: Male population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 100-104 per million: Male population - Age 100-104, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Total population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 45-49 per 1000: Female population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 65-69: Total population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 25-29: Male population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Improved water source, urban > % of urban population with access: Improved water source, urban (% of urban population with access). Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population using an improved drinking water source. The improved drinking water source includes piped water on premises (piped household water connection located inside the useru2019s dwelling, plot or yard), and other improved drinking water sources (public taps or standpipes, tube wells or boreholes, protected dug wells, protected springs, and rainwater collection).
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5 > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births). Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates.
  • Total population > Age 45-49 > % of the total: Total population - Age 45-49 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 95-99 > % of the total: Female population - Age 95-99 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Population, female > % of total: Population, female (% of total). Population, female (% of total) is the percentage of the population that is female.
  • Survival to age 65, male > % of cohort: Survival to age 65, male (% of cohort). Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates.
  • Survival to age 65, female > % of cohort: Survival to age 65, female (% of cohort). Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates.
  • Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults: Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population: Prevalence of undernourishment (% of population). Population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (also referred to as prevalence of undernourishment) shows the percentage of the population whose food intake is insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements continuously. Data showing as 2.5 signifies a prevalence of undernourishment below 2.5%.
  • Labor force participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, total (% of total population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Percent of population of African descent: Percentage of each country's population that is of African descent. These numbers include people mixed with African descent as well.
  • Labor force participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15-64)
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Sweden per thousand people: Country of origin of Sweden’s foreign born population (number of people by country of origin). Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 90-94 > % of the total: Female population - Age 90-94 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000: Male population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Age dependency ratio, old > % of working-age population: Age dependency ratio, old (% of working-age population). Age dependency ratio, old, is the ratio of older dependents--people older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. Data are shown as the proportion of dependents per 100 working-age population.
  • Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total: Male population - Age 80-84 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Fertility > Low-birthweight babies > % of births: Low-birthweight babies (% of births). Low-birthweight babies are newborns weighing less than 2,500 grams, with the measurement taken within the first hours of life, before significant postnatal weight loss has occurred.
  • Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access: Improved sanitation facilities (% of population with access). Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. The improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
STAT Russia United States HISTORY
Age distribution > Median age 42.38 years
Ranked 143th.
44.38 years
Ranked 117th. 5% more than Russia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 16.99%
Ranked 56th. 2% more than United States
16.71%
Ranked 62nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 11.68%
Ranked 64th. 4% more than United States
11.22%
Ranked 80th.

Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 63%
Ranked 136th.
76.73%
Ranked 93th. 22% more than Russia

Birth rate 12.11 births/1,000 population
Ranked 164th.
13.66 births/1,000 population
Ranked 147th. 13% more than Russia

Death rate 13.97 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 10th. 67% more than United States
8.39 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 88th.

Ethnic groups Russian 79.8%, Tatar 3.8%, Ukrainian 2%, Bashkir 1.2%, Chuvash 1.1%, other or unspecified 12.1% white 79.96%, black 12.85%, Asian 4.43%, Amerindian and Alaska native 0.97%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.18%, two or more races 1.61% (July 2007 estimate)
Gender > Female population 52.87 million
Ranked 21st.
231.19 million
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Russia

Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people 4.68
Ranked 2nd. 66% more than United States
2.81
Ranked 8th.

Population 142.5 million
Ranked 9th.
316.67 million
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Russia

Population > Population growth, past and future -0.22
Ranked 135th.
0.122
Ranked 53th.

Population growth -0.22%
Ranked 135th.
0.122%
Ranked 53th.

Population growth rate -0.02%
Ranked 197th.
0.9%
Ranked 124th.

Population in 2015 136,696 thousand
Ranked 9th.
325,723 thousand
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Russia
Total fertility rate 1.61 children born/woman
Ranked 175th.
2.06 children born/woman
Ranked 116th. 28% more than Russia

Age structure > 0-14 years 16%
Ranked 187th.
20%
Ranked 156th. 25% more than Russia

Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper 70.77 million
Ranked 1st.
85.41 million
Ranked 2nd. 21% more than Russia

Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.41
Ranked 169th.
0.49
Ranked 133th. 20% more than Russia

Obesity > Adult obesity rate 26.5%
Ranked 44th.
33%
Ranked 16th. 25% more than Russia

Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 13.5
Ranked 21st. 67% more than United States
8.07
Ranked 88th.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 27.82%
Ranked 137th.
32.24%
Ranked 107th. 16% more than Russia

Age structure > 65 years and over 13.1%
Ranked 58th.
13.9%
Ranked 51st. 6% more than Russia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 11.9 million
Ranked 26th.
51.86 million
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Russia

Gender > Male population 49.02 million
Ranked 24th.
230.88 million
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than Russia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 61.35%
Ranked 61st. 8% more than United States
56.58%
Ranked 104th.

Sex ratio > At birth 1.06 male(s)/female
Ranked 45th. 1% more than United States
1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 94th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 17.31 million
Ranked 26th.
77.19 million
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Russia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 56.23 million
Ranked 25th.
235.92 million
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Russia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 62.5 million
Ranked 25th.
261.45 million
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Russia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 55.19%
Ranked 61st. 8% more than United States
51.06%
Ranked 99th.

Divorce rate 3.36 per 1,000 people
Ranked 3rd.
4.95 per 1,000 people
Ranked 1st. 47% more than Russia
Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 21.66%
Ranked 138th.
26.71%
Ranked 104th. 23% more than Russia

Nationality > Adjective Russian American
Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 35.31%
Ranked 138th.
47.21%
Ranked 101st. 34% more than Russia

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 28.34 million
Ranked 21st.
148.96 million
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than Russia

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent 7.09%
Ranked 136th.
11.18%
Ranked 93th. 58% more than Russia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 5.61%
Ranked 53th. 1% more than United States
5.53%
Ranked 57th.

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total 22.07 million
Ranked 23th.
123.43 million
Ranked 3rd. 6 times more than Russia

Physicians density 4.31 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 1st. 78% more than United States
2.42 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 17th.

Sex ratio > Total population 0.86 male(s)/female
Ranked 223th.
0.97 male(s)/female
Ranked 143th. 13% more than Russia

Marriage rate 8.9
Ranked 2nd.
9.8
Ranked 1st. 10% more than Russia
Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces 669,376
Ranked 3rd.
877,000
Ranked 2nd. 31% more than Russia

Urbanization in 2015 74%
Ranked 48th.
81%
Ranked 37th. 9% more than Russia
Age distribution > Child dependency ratio 27.69%
Ranked 74th.
29.52%
Ranked 37th. 7% more than Russia

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages 1.32 million
Ranked 3rd.
2.12 million
Ranked 2nd. 61% more than Russia

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total 7.23 million
Ranked 26th.
51.64 million
Ranked 3rd. 7 times more than Russia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 5.71 million
Ranked 26th.
25.57 million
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Russia

Migration > Net migration rate 0.28 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 72nd.
2.92 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 29th. 10 times more than Russia

Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 12.6
Ranked 147th.
12.7
Ranked 144th. 1% more than Russia

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent 11.38%
Ranked 56th. 2% more than United States
11.17%
Ranked 64th.

Nationality > Noun Russian(s) American(s)
Cities > Urban population 77,926
Ranked 78th.
84,460
Ranked 54th. 8% more than Russia

Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 22.2%
Ranked 171st.
29.4%
Ranked 138th. 32% more than Russia
Gender > Sex ratio at birth 1.06
Ranked 28th. 1% more than United States
1.05
Ranked 132nd.

Housing > Average people per household 2.7
Ranked 10th. 4% more than United States
2.6
Ranked 1st.
Urban and rural > Urban population 105.58 million
Ranked 2nd.
249.25 million
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than Russia

Future population change -225,155
Ranked 183th.
563,170
Ranked 12th.

Age structure > 15-64 years 71.3%
Ranked 24th. 7% more than United States
66.5%
Ranked 101st.

Life expectancy at birth > Total population 69.85 years
Ranked 150th.
78.62 years
Ranked 50th. 13% more than Russia

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages per thousand people 9.21
Ranked 15th. 35% more than United States
6.8
Ranked 27th.

Migration > Net migration > Per capita 6,738.87 per 1 million people
Ranked 60th.
19,148.45 per 1 million people
Ranked 34th. 3 times more than Russia

Abortion > Abortion rate 53.7 abortions per 1,000 women
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than United States
20.8 abortions per 1,000 women
Ranked 3rd.
Urban population 104.47 million
Ranked 6th.
239.5 million
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Russia

Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Women 16 13
Population density 8.67
Ranked 184th.
33.22
Ranked 145th. 4 times more than Russia

Age structure > 15-24 years 11.5%
Ranked 208th.
13.7%
Ranked 169th. 19% more than Russia
Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men 27
Ranked 20th.
28.8
Ranked 6th. 7% more than Russia
Contraceptive prevalence rate 79.5%
Ranked 10th. 4% more than United States
76.4%
Ranked 16th.
Greek diaspora > Number of Greeks in all countries > Number of ethnic Greeks 97,827 (2002 census) (Norwegian Institute of International Affairs: Centre for Russian Studies: ) – 150,000 (est.) <ref name="Globe" /> 1,213,807 (2000 census) (United States of America: ) – an estimated 3,000,000 claim Greek descent (United States Department of State: )
Percentage living in rural areas. 27%
Ranked 142nd. 35% more than United States
20%
Ranked 156th.
Median age > Total 38.8 years
Ranked 51st. 4% more than United States
37.2 years
Ranked 61st.

Gender > Women aged 15-49 21.06 million
Ranked 25th.
89.8 million
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Russia

Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 1.54
Ranked 162nd.
1.89
Ranked 134th. 23% more than Russia

Infant mortality rate > Total 7.19 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 160th. 22% more than United States
5.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 173th.

Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women 24.4
Ranked 20th.
26.9
Ranked 5th. 10% more than Russia
Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people 738.54
Ranked 17th.
805.79
Ranked 17th. 9% more than Russia

Rural population 38.64 million
Ranked 14th.
56.91 million
Ranked 9th. 47% more than Russia

Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women 18
Ranked 50th. The same as United States
18
Ranked 52nd.
Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total 11.6 million
Ranked 26th.
51.62 million
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Russia

Population density > People per sq. km of land area 8.73 sq. km
Ranked 198th.
34.06 sq. km
Ranked 158th. 4 times more than Russia

Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Men 16 14
Population > CIA Factbook 140.7 million
Ranked 10th.
303.82 million
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than Russia

Gender > Global Gender Gap Index 0.698
Ranked 61st.
0.739
Ranked 23th. 6% more than Russia

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita 0.025 per 1,000 people
Ranked 119th.
0.92 per 1,000 people
Ranked 66th. 37 times more than Russia

Literacy > Total population 99.7%
Ranked 15th. 1% more than United States
99%
Ranked 35th.

Gender empowerment 0.45
Ranked 54th.
0.757
Ranked 11th. 68% more than Russia
Migration > Foreign worker salaries 18.61 billion
Ranked 5th.
48.31 billion
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Russia

Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper 95,565
Ranked 28th.
103,121
Ranked 24th. 8% more than Russia

Age structure > 25-54 years 45.9%
Ranked 28th. 14% more than United States
40.2%
Ranked 117th.
Percentage living in urban areas 73%
Ranked 58th.
80%
Ranked 42nd. 10% more than Russia
Teenage pregancy rate 24.77
Ranked 117th.
34.96
Ranked 99th. 41% more than Russia

Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.06 male(s)/female
Ranked 41st. 2% more than United States
1.04 male(s)/female
Ranked 118th.

Projected population growth -11.57%
Ranked 121st.
45.31%
Ranked 78th.
Migration > Net migration 964,424
Ranked 7th.
5.68 million
Ranked 2nd. 6 times more than Russia

Gender > Gender inequality index 0.312
Ranked 97th. 22% more than United States
0.256
Ranked 103th.
Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 8.9
Ranked 133th. 48% more than United States
6
Ranked 149th.

Population, total 143.53 million
Ranked 10th.
313.91 million
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than Russia

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin 109,455
Ranked 16th. 46 times more than United States
2,368
Ranked 68th.

Age structure > 55-64 years 13.5%
Ranked 17th. 10% more than United States
12.3%
Ranked 43th.
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 15.5%
Ranked 77th.
17.3%
Ranked 71st. 12% more than Russia

Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 18.3%
Ranked 47th.
21%
Ranked 37th. 15% more than Russia
Sex ratio > 15-64 years 0.91
Ranked 209th.
1
Ranked 105th. 10% more than Russia

Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19 10.9%
Ranked 9th. 85% more than United States
5.9%
Ranked 14th.

Future population > Females 67.9 million
Ranked 10th.
185.73 million
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Russia

Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper 78,649
Ranked 30th.
92,855
Ranked 27th. 18% more than Russia

Languages Russian (official), many minority languages English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 2.7%, other 0.7%
Religions Russian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% Protestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon 1.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Jewish 1.7%, Buddhist 0.7%, Muslim 0.6%, other or unspecified 2.5%, unaffiliated 12.1%, none 4%
Gender > Female population per thousand people 542.62
Ranked 3rd. 6% more than United States
513.11
Ranked 32nd.

Urbanization 73
Ranked 56th.
77
Ranked 44th. 5% more than Russia
Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 4,880
Ranked 76th.
275,461
Ranked 10th. 56 times more than Russia

Urban and rural > Rural population 37.38 million
Ranked 7th.
59.49 million
Ranked 5th. 59% more than Russia

Urban and rural > Female rural population 19.51 million
Ranked 5th.
29.41 million
Ranked 3rd. 51% more than Russia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female 15 years
Ranked 5th.
18 years
Ranked 7th. 20% more than Russia
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total None None
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 14 years
Ranked 56th.
16 years
Ranked 22nd. 14% more than Russia

Life expectancy at birth > Female 76.02 years
Ranked 123th.
81.17 years
Ranked 53th. 7% more than Russia

Births > Teen motherhood rate 6%
Ranked 3rd.
8%
Ranked 4th. 33% more than Russia

Drinking water source > Improved > Total 97% of population
Ranked 34th.
99% of population
Ranked 12th. 2% more than Russia
Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper per thousand people 0.668
Ranked 46th. Twice as much as United States
0.333
Ranked 51st.

Gender ratio > Whole population 115.5%
Ranked 4th. 12% more than United States
103.3%
Ranked 65th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females 18
Ranked 34th. The same as United States
18
Ranked 36th.
Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 5.5
Ranked 149th. 15% more than United States
4.8
Ranked 158th.
Density and urbanisation > Urban population 103.26 million
Ranked 7th.
251.75 million
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than Russia

Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 40.5%
Ranked 181st.
50.4%
Ranked 119th. 24% more than Russia
Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people 149.63
Ranked 139th. 5% more than United States
142.08
Ranked 154th.

Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee 36,174
Ranked 29th. 30 times more than United States
1,200
Ranked 79th.
Population in largest city 10.65 million
Ranked 14th.
18.72 million
Ranked 3rd. 76% more than Russia

Gender > Male population per thousand people 466.01
Ranked 183th.
496.34
Ranked 103th. 7% more than Russia

Marriage, divorce and children > Minimum legal marrying age > With parental consent > For Women 16 13
Urban population > Per capita 0.73 per capita
Ranked 51st.
0.808 per capita
Ranked 33th. 11% more than Russia

Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper per thousand people 0.55
Ranked 46th. 83% more than United States
0.3
Ranked 51st.

Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.44 male(s)/female
Ranked 224th.
0.77 male(s)/female
Ranked 132nd. 75% more than Russia

Maternal mortality rate 34 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 119th. 62% more than United States
21 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 135th.

Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19 2.5%
Ranked 5th.
4.2%
Ranked 5th. 68% more than Russia

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female 15.7%
Ranked 42nd. The same as United States
15.7%
Ranked 43th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 14 years
Ranked 62nd.
17 years
Ranked 7th. 21% more than Russia

Major cities > Population MOSCOW (capital) 10.523 million; Saint Petersburg 4.575 million; Novosibirsk 1.397 million; Yekaterinburg 1.344 million; Nizhniy Novgorod 1.267 million New York-Newark 19.3 million; Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana 12.675 million; Chicago 9.134 million; Miami 5.699 million; WASHINGTON, D.C. (capital) 4.421 million
Total Population per capita 0.998
Ranked 114th.
1.01
Ranked 94th. 1% more than Russia
Literacy > Female 99.6%
Ranked 12th. 1% more than United States
99%
Ranked 15th.
Number of infant deaths 15,000
Ranked 52nd.
25,000
Ranked 39th. 67% more than Russia

Population, total per 1000 1,000
Ranked 62nd. The same as United States
1,000
Ranked 66th.

GDP per capita > Current US$ $14,037.02
Ranked 47th.
$51,748.56
Ranked 10th. 4 times more than Russia

Life expectancy at birth > Male 64.04 years
Ranked 163th.
76.19 years
Ranked 48th. 19% more than Russia

Infant mortality rate > Female 6.29 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 158th. 20% more than United States
5.22 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 172nd.

Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent 7%
Ranked 130th.
57%
Ranked 13th. 8 times more than Russia
Cities > Urban population per thousand people 5.16e-07
Ranked 208th. 95% more than United States
2.64e-07
Ranked 214th.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people 181.14
Ranked 43th.
186.84
Ranked 39th. 3% more than Russia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people 150.5
Ranked 170th.
200.26
Ranked 139th. 33% more than Russia

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 15.3%
Ranked 69th.
18.7%
Ranked 52nd. 22% more than Russia

Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 14.1%
Ranked 39th. 11% more than United States
12.7%
Ranked 49th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 14.6%
Ranked 205th.
20.1%
Ranked 157th. 38% more than Russia

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men 1.8
Ranked 12th. 20% more than United States
1.5
Ranked 3rd.
Gender ratio > Babies 94.4%
Ranked 152nd.
95.2%
Ranked 116th. 1% more than Russia

Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 26.44
Ranked 124th.
32.73
Ranked 105th. 24% more than Russia

Future population > Males 56.01 million
Ranked 14th.
180.46 million
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Russia

Density and urbanisation > Rural population 38.54 million
Ranked 14th.
55.26 million
Ranked 10th. 43% more than Russia

Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent 29%
Ranked 127th.
71%
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Russia
Population > CIA Factbook per capita 0.991
Ranked 109th.
0.999
Ranked 94th. 1% more than Russia

Overseas Chinese > 2005 Population 998,000
Ranked 11th.
3.38 million
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Russia
Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method 79.5%
Ranked 2nd. 4% more than United States
76.4%
Ranked 4th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Females 10.03 million
Ranked 16th.
29.89 million
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than Russia

Literacy > Male 99.7%
Ranked 19th. 1% more than United States
99%
Ranked 44th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total 14 years
Ranked 62nd.
17 years
Ranked 7th. 21% more than Russia
Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories 26 Jan 1990 16 Feb 1995
Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total 70% of population
Ranked 90th.
100% of population
Ranked 3rd. 43% more than Russia

Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Education expenditures 4.1% of GDP
Ranked 36th.
5.4% of GDP
Ranked 36th. 32% more than Russia

Cities > Rate of urbanization -0.2%
Ranked 210th.
1.3%
Ranked 137th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 15 years
Ranked 8th.
18 years
Ranked 7th. 20% more than Russia

Number of under-five deaths 17,000
Ranked 54th.
29,000
Ranked 43th. 71% more than Russia

Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 2
Ranked 21st.
21
Ranked 2nd. 11 times more than Russia
Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 39
Ranked 4th.
74
Ranked 3rd. 90% more than Russia
Drinking water source > Improved > Rural 92% of population
Ranked 87th.
94% of population
Ranked 79th. 2% more than Russia
Future population change per thousand people -0.443
Ranked 172nd.
9.1
Ranked 125th.

International migrant stock, total 12.27 million
Ranked 3rd.
42.81 million
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Russia

Infant mortality rate > Male 8.04 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 157th. 23% more than United States
6.55 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 169th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Childless women, aged 40-44 8%
Ranked 6th.
18%
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Russia

Median age > Both sexes 38.5
Ranked 43th. 4% more than United States
36.9
Ranked 3rd.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male None None
Drinking water source > Improved > Urban 99% of population
Ranked 76th.
100% of population
Ranked 22nd. 1% more than Russia
Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Modern methods 65%
Ranked 6th.
70.4%
Ranked 3rd. 8% more than Russia

Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 71.2%
Ranked 19th. 6% more than United States
67.1%
Ranked 75th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males 10.58 million
Ranked 16th.
31.26 million
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than Russia

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 13.7 million
Ranked 6th.
22.43 million
Ranked 4th. 64% more than Russia

Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index 0.311
Ranked 70th. 15% more than United States
0.271
Ranked 78th.
Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people 677
Ranked 18th. 9% more than United States
622.34
Ranked 81st.

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people 29.57
Ranked 42nd.
36.67
Ranked 30th. 24% more than Russia

Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people 265.18
Ranked 59th. 10% more than United States
241.41
Ranked 133th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female None None
Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time 17%
Ranked 67th.
42%
Ranked 7th. 2 times more than Russia
Rural population per 1000 269.93
Ranked 141st. 40% more than United States
192.58
Ranked 157th.

Urban population per 1000 729.81
Ranked 51st.
810.44
Ranked 33th. 11% more than Russia

Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females 21.8 years
Ranked 4th.
26.3 years
Ranked 8th. 21% more than Russia
Age structure > 15-64 years > Males 48.19 million
Ranked 9th.
101.83 million
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than Russia

Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 per million people 0.274
Ranked 24th. 17% more than United States
0.234
Ranked 29th.
Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 11
Ranked 6th.
41
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Russia
Total Population > Female 76.68 million
Ranked 7th.
151.78 million
Ranked 3rd. 98% more than Russia
Migration > International migrant stock > Total 12.08 million
Ranked 3rd.
39.27 million
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Russia

Number of infant deaths per 1000 0.105
Ranked 114th. 31% more than United States
0.0796
Ranked 117th.

Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million 28.53 million
Ranked 8th.
150.08 million
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than Russia

Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million per 1000 198.77
Ranked 57th.
478.1
Ranked 9th. 2 times more than Russia

GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$ $6,834.00
Ranked 62nd.
$45,335.90
Ranked 10th. 7 times more than Russia

Urban and rural > Population living in urban agglomerations per thousand people 1.23
Ranked 17th.
1.52
Ranked 6th. 23% more than Russia
Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita 732.48 per 1 million people
Ranked 49th. 104 times more than United States
7.03 per 1 million people
Ranked 153th.

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people 132.14
Ranked 40th. About the same as United States
131.88
Ranked 41st.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people 56.22
Ranked 157th.
66.08
Ranked 135th. 18% more than Russia

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females 52.05 million
Ranked 7th.
102.16 million
Ranked 4th. 96% more than Russia

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 6.16 million
Ranked 7th.
16.26 million
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Russia

Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000 339.47
Ranked 55th. 1% more than United States
334.85
Ranked 68th.

Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39 0.5%
Ranked 4th. 25% more than United States
0.4%
Ranked 13th.

Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults 137.19
Ranked 71st. 74% more than United States
79.04
Ranked 130th.

Rural population > Per capita 270 per 1,000 people
Ranked 145th. 41% more than United States
192 per 1,000 people
Ranked 159th.

Number of neonatal deaths per million 62.7
Ranked 105th. 16% more than United States
54.15
Ranked 107th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage 79.5%
Ranked 2nd. 4% more than United States
76.4%
Ranked 4th.

Note Moscow's Red Square A worker scans a gigantic digital billboard in New York, a city which embodies the idea that Americans do things on a grand scale
Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 per million people 0.014
Ranked 72nd.
0.0663
Ranked 24th. 5 times more than Russia
Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 per million people 0.0772
Ranked 66th.
0.129
Ranked 31st. 68% more than Russia
Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index 0.333
Ranked 99th.
0.491
Ranked 78th. 47% more than Russia
Marriage, divorce and children > Minimum marrying age > With parental consent > For Men 16
Ranked 39th. 14% more than United States
14
Ranked 83th.
Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > National estimate, per 100,000 live births 16.5
Ranked 26th. 30% more than United States
12.7
Ranked 41st.

Urban and rural > Males living in urban agglomerations per thousand people 0.562
Ranked 18th.
0.736
Ranked 5th. 31% more than Russia
Fertility > Number of maternal deaths 550
Ranked 56th.
880
Ranked 45th. 60% more than Russia

Future population > Males per thousand people 454.31
Ranked 176th.
501
Ranked 73th. 10% more than Russia
Refugee population by country or territory of origin 109,785
Ranked 17th. 29 times more than United States
3,778
Ranked 69th.

Net migration 1.1 million
Ranked 3rd.
5 million
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than Russia

Gender ratio > Aged over 60 196%
Ranked 1st. 51% more than United States
129.9%
Ranked 64th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000 366.64
Ranked 16th. 9% more than United States
335.95
Ranked 61st.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000 74.52
Ranked 184th.
102.79
Ranked 142nd. 38% more than Russia

Age structure > 0-14 years > Females per 1000 70.68
Ranked 183th.
98.29
Ranked 142nd. 39% more than Russia

Dynamics > Death rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people 14.6
Ranked 20th. 80% more than United States
8.09
Ranked 88th.

Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted 67
Ranked 103th. 4 times more than United States
17
Ranked 135th.
Drinking water source > Unimproved > Urban 1% of population
Ranked 120th.
0.0
Ranked 140th.
Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Rural 41% of population
Ranked 74th. 41 times more than United States
1% of population
Ranked 153th.

Total population > Age 20-24 12.02 million
Ranked 9th.
20.95 million
Ranked 4th. 74% more than Russia
Male population > Age 10-14 3.76 million
Ranked 15th.
10.52 million
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than Russia
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Notes author=helplinelaw |url= http://www.helplinelaw.com/article/russia/120 |title=Russia Marriage Procedure In Russia, Lawyers, Law Firms Lawyer, Injury, Attorney in Russia |publisher=Helplinelaw.com |date= |accessdate=2013-01-14}}&lt;/ref&gt; Generally 18, but varies by state. Most states allow minors to marry with judicial and/or parental consent. Main article: Age of marriage in United States of America
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males 18
Ranked 27th. The same as United States
18
Ranked 37th.
Population in largest city > Per capita 0.074 per capita
Ranked 99th. 17% more than United States
0.063 per capita
Ranked 105th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, female > Per 1,000 live births 9.1
Ranked 133th. 42% more than United States
6.4
Ranked 149th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people 726
Ranked 13th. 7% more than United States
677.3
Ranked 56th.

Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people 0.0023
Ranked 138th. 36% more than United States
0.00169
Ranked 140th.
Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia 0.48
Ranked 126th.
0.51
Ranked 124th. 6% more than Russia

Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants 1%
Ranked 26th.
4%
Ranked 6th. 4 times more than Russia
Gender > Gender ratio aged over 60 196
Ranked 1st. 51% more than United States
129.9
Ranked 64th.

Women > Maternal mortality ratio > Reported 37
Ranked 101st. 5 times more than United States
8
Ranked 132nd.
Gender development 0.78
Ranked 50th.
0.937
Ranked 4th. 20% more than Russia
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male 14 years
Ranked 59th.
16 years
Ranked 15th. 14% more than Russia
Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Enlarged Jewish population per thousand people 2.65
Ranked 20th.
26.44
Ranked 3rd. 10 times more than Russia
Health expenditures 6.2% of GDP
Ranked 91st.
17.9% of GDP
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Russia

Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country 2,000
Ranked 56th.
2,400
Ranked 49th. 20% more than Russia

Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births 34
Ranked 117th. 62% more than United States
21
Ranked 133th.

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths per million 3.86
Ranked 125th. 36% more than United States
2.84
Ranked 133th.

Drinking water source > Unimproved > Total 3% of population
Ranked 103th. 3 times more than United States
1% of population
Ranked 124th.
Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 96.48
Ranked 22nd. 31% more than United States
73.75
Ranked 44th.

Gender ratio > Urban population 117.3%
Ranked 4th. 12% more than United States
105.2%
Ranked 27th.

Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio 110
Ranked 3rd. 11% more than United States
99
Ranked 37th.

Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged 30 to 39 3%
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than United States
1.1%
Ranked 20th.

Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Women > Aged above 59 51.6%
Ranked 2nd. 33% more than United States
38.9%
Ranked 25th.

Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged above 59 15.6%
Ranked 5th. 39% more than United States
11.2%
Ranked 19th.

Immigration > Country of birth of Australian resident population per thousand people 0.15
Ranked 44th.
0.217
Ranked 43th. 44% more than Russia
Female population > Age 25-29 5.48 million
Ranked 8th.
10.02 million
Ranked 4th. 83% more than Russia
Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000 39.26
Ranked 139th. 11% more than United States
35.37
Ranked 156th.
Male population > Age 20-24 6.06 million
Ranked 9th.
10.75 million
Ranked 4th. 78% more than Russia
Female population > Age 10-14 3.58 million
Ranked 15th.
10.02 million
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Russia
Female population > Age 20-24 5.96 million
Ranked 9th.
10.19 million
Ranked 4th. 71% more than Russia
Total population > Age 25-29 10.93 million
Ranked 8th.
20.36 million
Ranked 4th. 86% more than Russia
Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million 27.54 million
Ranked 8th.
128.33 million
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than Russia

Future population > Females per thousand people 531.15
Ranked 35th. 3% more than United States
516.35
Ranked 57th.
Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men 196
Ranked 1st. 51% more than United States
129.9
Ranked 64th.

Gender ratio > Aged over 65 210.6%
Ranked 1st. 53% more than United States
138%
Ranked 60th.

Female population > Age 95-99 50,056
Ranked 8th.
343,315
Ranked 1st. 7 times more than Russia
Male population > Age 75-79 per 1000 9.28
Ranked 50th.
10.48
Ranked 43th. 13% more than Russia
Male population > Age 95-99 4,792
Ranked 13th.
99,372
Ranked 1st. 21 times more than Russia
Male population > Age 65-69 2.92 million
Ranked 5th.
4.83 million
Ranked 3rd. 66% more than Russia
Male population > Age 100-104 per million 2.78
Ranked 45th.
46.96
Ranked 6th. 17 times more than Russia
Total population > Age 20-24 per 1000 83.95
Ranked 121st. 18% more than United States
70.89
Ranked 156th.
Female population > Age 45-49 per 1000 45.01
Ranked 8th. 16% more than United States
38.96
Ranked 22nd.
Total population > Age 65-69 7.74 million
Ranked 4th.
10.38 million
Ranked 3rd. 34% more than Russia
Male population > Age 25-29 5.45 million
Ranked 8th.
10.34 million
Ranked 4th. 90% more than Russia
Urbanization in 1975 66.4%
Ranked 32nd.
73.7%
Ranked 22nd. 11% more than Russia
Improved water source, urban > % of urban population with access 98.7%
Ranked 86th.
99.8%
Ranked 53th. 1% more than Russia

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5 > Per 1,000 live births 10.3
Ranked 132nd. 45% more than United States
7.1
Ranked 149th.

Total population > Age 45-49 > % of the total 8.61
Ranked 10th. 13% more than United States
7.62
Ranked 32nd.
Female population > Age 95-99 > % of the total 0.04
Ranked 36th.
0.12
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than Russia
Population, female > % of total 53.85%
Ranked 5th. 6% more than United States
50.81%
Ranked 56th.

Survival to age 65, male > % of cohort 48.34%
Ranked 172nd.
80.8%
Ranked 47th. 67% more than Russia

Survival to age 65, female > % of cohort 78.74%
Ranked 118th.
88%
Ranked 48th. 12% more than Russia

Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults 367.07
Ranked 21st. 3 times more than United States
134.94
Ranked 138th.

Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population 5%
Ranked 118th. The same as United States
5%
Ranked 120th.

Labor force participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15-64 73.1%
Ranked 63th. 2% more than United States
72%
Ranked 69th.

Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Percent of population of African descent 0.03%
Ranked 5th.
13.6%
Ranked 3rd. 453 times more than Russia
Labor force participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15-64 68.4%
Ranked 55th. 3% more than United States
66.5%
Ranked 64th.

Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Sweden per thousand people 0.115
Ranked 23th. 2 times more than United States
0.057
Ranked 24th.
Female population > Age 90-94 > % of the total 0.21
Ranked 32nd.
0.36
Ranked 15th. 71% more than Russia
Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000 2.97
Ranked 106th.
7.24
Ranked 34th. 2 times more than Russia
Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female > % 29.5%
Ranked 95th.
41.7%
Ranked 53th. 41% more than Russia

Age dependency ratio, old > % of working-age population 18.1%
Ranked 47th.
20.42%
Ranked 38th. 13% more than Russia

Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 0.3
Ranked 118th.
0.72
Ranked 50th. 2 times more than Russia
Fertility > Low-birthweight babies > % of births 6%
Ranked 36th.
7.8%
Ranked 12th. 30% more than Russia
Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access 70.4%
Ranked 114th.
99.6%
Ranked 40th. 41% more than Russia

SOURCES: United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. 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