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Crime > Unpaid diplomatic parking fines: Countries Compared

Author: Ian Graham <br>Staff Editor

Author: Ian Graham <br>Staff Editor

According to the Korea Herald’s March 16th edition, foreign diplomatic missions in Seoul only paid 3.6 percent of the parking-related fines they incurred in 2004. Eighty-four foreign missions in the city were fined a total of almost US$100,000 for 2,487 parking violations.

Only 89 of the fines were paid. The leaders in outstanding fines were Russia (230), Vietnam (199), China (180) and the Philippines (114). Paraguay, the People's Republic of Congo, Norway, Venezuela, Panama and Afghanistan all had no outstanding fines.

The Foreign Ministry made an appeal to the missions for voluntary payment of the fines, but it was ignored. Under the terms of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, "the means of transport of the [diplomatic] mission shall be immune from search, requisition, attachment or execution."

DEFINITION: Average Unpaid Annual New York City Parking Violations per Diplomat, 11/1997 to 11/2002..

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH
1 KuwaitKuwait 246.2 2002
2 EgyptEgypt 139.6 2002
3 ChadChad 124.3 2002
4 SudanSudan 119.1 2002
5 BulgariaBulgaria 117.5 2002
6 MozambiqueMozambique 110.7 2002
7 AlbaniaAlbania 84.5 2002
8 AngolaAngola 81.7 2002
9 SenegalSenegal 79.2 2002
10 PakistanPakistan 69.4 2002
11 Cote d'IvoireCote d'Ivoire 67.1 2002
12 ZambiaZambia 60.4 2002
13 MoroccoMorocco 60 2002
14 EthiopiaEthiopia 59.7 2002
15 NigeriaNigeria 58.6 2002
OPEC countries averageOPEC countries average 53.17 2002
16 SyriaSyria 52.7 2002
17 BeninBenin 49.8 2002
18 ZimbabweZimbabwe 45.6 2002
19 CameroonCameroon 43.6 2002
Middle Eastern and North Africa averageMiddle Eastern and North Africa average 40.56 2002
20 Serbia and MontenegroSerbia+ 38 2002
21 BahrainBahrain 37.7 2002
22 BurundiBurundi 37.7 2002
23 MaliMali 37.4 2002
Muslim countries averageMuslim countries average 37.09 2002
24 IndonesiaIndonesia 36.1 2002
Former French colonies averageFormer French colonies average 35.45 2002
25 GuineaGuinea 34.8 2002
26 South AfricaSouth Africa 34 2002
27 Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia 33.8 2002
28 BangladeshBangladesh 33 2002
South Asia averageSouth Asia average 31.73 2002
29 BrazilBrazil 29.9 2002
30 Sierra LeoneSierra Leone 25.6 2002
31 AlgeriaAlgeria 25.2 2002
32 ThailandThailand 24.5 2002
33 KazakhstanKazakhstan 21.1 2002
34 MauritiusMauritius 20.5 2002
35 NigerNiger 19.9 2002
36 Czech RepublicCzech Republic 18.9 2002
37 LesothoLesotho 18.8 2002
South and Central Asia averageSouth and Central Asia average 18.71 2002
38 BotswanaBotswana 18.5 2002
39 BhutanBhutan 18.4 2002
40 Sri LankaSri Lanka 17.2 2002
Emerging markets averageEmerging markets average 16.79 2002
41 NepalNepal 16.5 2002
42 ChileChile 16.5 2002
43 TunisiaTunisia 16.5 2002
44 IranIran 15.7 2002
45 FijiFiji 15.5 2002
46 ItalyItaly 14.6 2002
47 LiberiaLiberia 13.5 2002
48 MalawiMalawi 13 2002
49 ParaguayParaguay 13 2002
50 RwandaRwanda 12.9 2002
51 UkraineUkraine 12.9 2002
52 SpainSpain 12.7 2002
NATO countries averageNATO average 12.24 2002
53 PhilippinesPhilippines 11.5 2002
54 GhanaGhana 11.3 2002
55 MauritaniaMauritania 11.2 2002
56 Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissau 10.8 2002
57 EstoniaEstonia 10.5 2002
58 MongoliaMongolia 10.2 2002
59 Costa RicaCosta Rica 10.1 2002
60 ArmeniaArmenia 10.1 2002
61 TogoTogo 9.9 2002
62 ComorosComoros 9.9 2002
63 VietnamVietnam 9.8 2002
64 GeorgiaGeorgia 9.7 2002
65 VenezuelaVenezuela 9.1 2002
66 YemenYemen 9.1 2002
67 PortugalPortugal 8.8 2002
68 UzbekistanUzbekistan 8.8 2002
69 MadagascarMadagascar 8.7 2002
European Union averageEuropean Union average 8.7 2002
70 TanzaniaTanzania 8.3 2002
71 LibyaLibya 8.2 2002
72 Congo, Republic of theCongo, Republic of the 7.7 2002
73 KenyaKenya 7.7 2002
74 CroatiaCroatia 6.5 2002
75 DjiboutiDjibouti 6.5 2002
76 SlovakiaSlovakia 6.4 2002
Former Soviet republics averageFormer Soviet republics average 6.39 2002
77 FranceFrance 6.1 2002
78 IndiaIndia 6.1 2002
79 LaosLaos 6.1 2002
80 TurkmenistanTurkmenistan 5.8 2002
81 Papua New GuineaPapua NG 5.5 2002
82 HondurasHonduras 5.4 2002
83 SloveniaSlovenia 5.2 2002
84 KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstan 5.2 2002
Former Spanish colonies averageFormer Spanish colonies average 5.05 2002
85 NicaraguaNicaragua 4.9 2002
Eurozone averageEurozone average 4.55 2002
86 UruguayUruguay 4.4 2002
87 SwazilandSwaziland 4.3 2002
88 TajikistanTajikistan 4.3 2002
89 NamibiaNamibia 4.2 2002
90 MexicoMexico 4 2002
91 ArgentinaArgentina 3.9 2002
High income OECD countries averageHigh income OECD countries average 3.86 2002
Group of 7 countries (G7) averageGroup of 7 countries (G7) average 3.62 2002
92 RomaniaRomania 3.5 2002
93 UgandaUganda 3.5 2002
94 SingaporeSingapore 3.5 2002
Non-religious countries averageNon-religious countries average 3.36 2002
95 HungaryHungary 3.3 2002
96 BoliviaBolivia 3.1 2002
97 PeruPeru 3.1 2002
98 HaitiHaiti 3 2002
99 JordanJordan 2.9 2002
100 BelarusBelarus 2.7 2002
101 BelgiumBelgium 2.7 2002
102 CyprusCyprus 2.5 2002
103 GuyanaGuyana 2.3 2002
104 GabonGabon 2.2 2002
105 AustriaAustria 2.2 2002
106 LithuaniaLithuania 2 2002
107 RussiaRussia 2 2002
108 El SalvadorEl Salvador 1.7 2002
109 PolandPoland 1.7 2002
110 The GambiaThe Gambia 1.5 2002
111 MalaysiaMalaysia 1.4 2002
112 Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad+ 1.4 2002
113 LebanonLebanon 1.3 2002
114 GermanyGermany 1 2002
115 EritreaEritrea 0.8 2002
116 MoldovaMoldova 0.7 2002
117 South KoreaSouth Korea 0.4 2002
118 Dominican RepublicDominican Rep. 0.1 2002
119 FinlandFinland 0.1 2002
120 GuatemalaGuatemala 0.1 2002
121 New ZealandNew Zealand 0.1 2002
122 SwitzerlandSwitzerland 0.1 2002
123 CanadaCanada 0.0 2002
124 NetherlandsNetherlands 0.0 2002
125 TurkeyTurkey 0.0 2002
126 NorwayNorway 0.0 2002
127 PanamaPanama 0.0 2002
128 IrelandIreland 0.0 2002
129 EcuadorEcuador 0.0 2002
130 AustraliaAustralia 0.0 2002
131 DenmarkDenmark 0.0 2002
132 ColombiaColombia 0.0 2002
133 IsraelIsrael 0.0 2002
134 United KingdomUnited Kingdom 0.0 2002
135 GreeceGreece 0.0 2002
136 OmanOman 0.0 2002
137 JamaicaJamaica 0.0 2002
138 United Arab EmiratesUAE 0.0 2002
139 AzerbaijanAzerbaijan 0.0 2002
140 SwedenSweden 0.0 2002
141 LatviaLatvia 0.0 2002
142 JapanJapan 0.0 2002

Citation

"All countries compared for Crime > Unpaid diplomatic parking fines", Cultures of Corruption: Evidence from Diplomatic Parking Tickets Ray Fisman Edward Miguel Columbia University and NBER University of California, Berkeley and NBER 2006. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Crime/Unpaid-diplomatic-parking-fines

Crime > Unpaid diplomatic parking fines: Countries Compared Map

NationMaster

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According to the Korea Herald’s March 16th edition, foreign diplomatic missions in Seoul only paid 3.6 percent of the parking-related fines they incurred in 2004. Eighty-four foreign missions in the city were fined a total of almost US$100,000 for 2,487 parking violations.

Only 89 of the fines were paid. The leaders in outstanding fines were Russia (230), Vietnam (199), China (180) and the Philippines (114). Paraguay, the People's Republic of Congo, Norway, Venezuela, Panama and Afghanistan all had no outstanding fines.

The Foreign Ministry made an appeal to the missions for voluntary payment of the fines, but it was ignored. Under the terms of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, "the means of transport of the [diplomatic] mission shall be immune from search, requisition, attachment or execution."

Posted on 15 Mar 2005

Ian Graham <br>Staff Editor

Ian Graham <br>Staff Editor

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