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Government > Democracy and rights > Electoral system: Countries Compared

DEFINITION: Political scientist Robert A. Dahl compares the constitutions of countries which have been “steadily democratic since 1950” on the characteristic of electoral system (First Past the Post electoral system; Single-Member District Plurality, also known as First Past the Post (FPTP): There is one seat per district, the candidate with the most votes wins it; Proportional Representation: There are multiple seats for each voting district, allocation is based on either party lists, multi-member proportional (MMP), single transferable vote (STV) or semi-PR; FrenchTtwo-RoundSsystem; Alternative Vote (AV)).
COUNTRY DESCRIPTION
Australia Lower House AV; Upper House PR (STV)
Austria PR (list)
Belgium PR (list)
Canada FPTP
Costa Rica PR (list)
Denmark PR (list)
Finland PR (list)
France 2 round
Germany PR (MMP)
Iceland PR (list)
India FPTP
Ireland PR (STV)
Israel PR (list)
Italy PR (MMP)
Japan Semi-PR
Luxembourg PR (list)
Netherlands PR (list)
New Zealand PR (MMP) since 1993
Norway PR (list)
Sweden PR (list)
Switzerland PR (list)
United Kingdom FPTP
United States FPTP

Citation

"All countries compared for Government > Democracy and rights > Electoral system", How Democratic is the American Constitution? Robert A. Dahl.2001. ISBN 0-300-09218-0. Table 1. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Government/Democracy-and-rights/Electoral-system

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