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Agriculture > Produce Stats: compare key data on India & United States

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Definitions

  • Agricultural crop > Production: Crop production index shows agricultural production for each year relative to the base period 1999-2001. It includes all crops except fodder crops. Regional and income group aggregates for the FAO's production indexes are calculated from the underlying values in international dollars, normalized to the base period 1999-2001."
  • Cereal > Cereal production > Metric tons: Cereal production (metric tons). Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food or silage, and those used for grazing, are excluded.
  • Cereal > Cereal production > Metric tons per 1000: Cereal production (metric tons). Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food or silage, and those used for grazing, are excluded. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Cereal > Cereal yield > Kg per hectare: Cereal yield (kg per hectare). Includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food or silage, and those used for grazing, are excluded. The FAO allocates production data to the calendar year in which the bulk of the harvest took place. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year.
  • Cereal > Production: Average production of cereals (1999-2001). Average Production of Cereals refers to the amount of cereals produced in a given country or region each year. Data are reported in thousand metric tons. Cereals include wheat, barley, maize, rye, oats, millet, s
  • Corn > Yield: Yield of Corn, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004
  • Cotton > Production: Production of cotton 2003/2004, in thousand bales.
  • Crop > Production index: Crop production index shows agricultural production for each year relative to the base period 1999-2001. It includes all crops except fodder crops. Regional and income group aggregates for the FAO's production indexes are calculated from the underlying values in international dollars, normalized to the base period 1999-2001.
  • Food > Production: Food production index covers food crops that are considered edible and that contain nutrients. Coffee and tea are excluded because, although edible, they have no nutritive value."
  • Food > Production index: Food production index covers food crops that are considered edible and that contain nutrients. Coffee and tea are excluded because, although edible, they have no nutritive value.
  • Livestock > Production index: Livestock production index includes meat and milk from all sources, dairy products such as cheese, and eggs, honey, raw silk, wool, and hides and skins.
  • Meat > Production: Meat production in thousand metric tonnes
  • Soybean > Production: Total production of Soybean, metric tons, 2003/2004
  • Wheat > Production: Figures for 2003/2004
  • Wheat > Yield: Yield of Wheat, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004
  • Meat > Production per million: Meat production in thousand metric tonnes. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Live stock > Production index: Livestock production index includes meat and milk from all sources, dairy products such as cheese, and eggs, honey, raw silk, wool, and hides and skins."
  • Rice > Production: Figures for 2003/2004
  • Soybean > Production per 1000: Total production of Soybean, metric tons, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Corn > Production: Figures for 2003/2004
  • Wheat > Exports: Figures for 2003/2004
  • Cotton > Imports: Imports of cotton 2003/2004
  • Peanut > Production: Total production of Peanut, metric tons, 2003/2004
  • Cereal > Production growth: Average production of Cereals (percentage change from 1986-88 to 1996-98)
  • Cereal > Production per million: Average production of cereals (1999-2001). Average Production of Cereals refers to the amount of cereals produced in a given country or region each year. Data are reported in thousand metric tons. Cereals include wheat, barley, maize, rye, oats, millet, s. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Corn > Yield per million: Yield of Corn, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Rice > Production per million: Figures for 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Meat > Production growth: Average production of roots and tubers (percentage change from 1986-88 to 1996-98)
  • Land under cereal > Production > Hectares > Per capita: Land under cereal production refers to harvested area, although some countries report only sown or cultivated area. Cereals include wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Cotton > Yield: Yield of Cotton, Kilograms per hectare, 2003/2004
  • Rice > Yield per million: Yield of Rice, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Rice > Yield: Yield of Rice, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004
  • Wheat > Production per million: Figures for 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Cotton > Production per million: Production of cotton 2003/2004, in thousand bales. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Root and tuber > Production: Average production of roots and tubers 1996-1998
  • Wheat > Yield per million: Yield of Wheat, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Peanut > Yield: Yield of Peanut, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004
  • Total > Production Coarse Grain: Total production of Total Coarse Grain, metric tons, 2003/2004
  • Rice > Exports: Figures for 2003/2004
  • Total > Yield Coarse Grain: Yield of Total Coarse Grain, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004
  • Wheat > Imports: Figures for 2003/2004
  • Sunflowerseed > Production: Total production of Sunflowerseed, metric tons, 2003/2004
  • Soybean > Yield: Yield of Soybean, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004
  • Total > Yield Coarse Grain per million: Yield of Total Coarse Grain, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Corn > Production per million: Figures for 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Sorghum > Production: Figures for 2003/2004
  • Wheat > Exports per million: Figures for 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Root and tuber > Production growth: Average production of roots and tubers (percentage change from 1986-88 to 1996-98)
  • Sorghum > Yield: Yield of Sorghum, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004
  • Barley > Yield: Yield of Barley, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004
  • Peanut > Yield per million: Yield of Peanut, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Total > Production Oilseed: Total production of Total Oilseed, metric tons, 2003/2004
  • Barley > Yield per million: Yield of Barley, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Total > Production Coarse Grain per 1000: Total production of Total Coarse Grain, metric tons, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Peanut > Production per 1000: Total production of Peanut, metric tons, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Cotton > Stocks: Stocks of cotton in mid 2003 (480 lb bales)
  • Sunflowerseed > Yield: Yield of Sunflowerseed, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004
  • Sunflowerseed > Yield per million: Yield of Sunflowerseed, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Sunflowerseed > Production per 1000: Total production of Sunflowerseed, metric tons, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Imports as % of merchandise > Imports: Agricultural raw materials comprise SITC section 2 (crude materials except fuels) excluding divisions 22, 27 (crude fertilizers and minerals excluding coal, petroleum, and precious stones), and 28 (metalliferous ores and scrap)."
  • Land used for cereal > Production > Hectares: Land under cereal production refers to harvested area, although some countries report only sown or cultivated area. Cereals include wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded."
  • Land under cereal > Production > Hectares per 1000: Land under cereal production refers to harvested area, although some countries report only sown or cultivated area. Cereals include wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Land under cereal > Production > Hectares: Land under cereal production refers to harvested area, although some countries report only sown or cultivated area. Cereals include wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded.
  • Sorghum > Production per million: Figures for 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Cotton > Yield per million: Yield of Cotton, Kilograms per hectare, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Total > Production Oilseed per 1000: Total production of Total Oilseed, metric tons, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Soybean > Yield per million: Yield of Soybean, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Sorghum > Yield per million: Yield of Sorghum, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Cereal > Land under cereal production > Hectares per 1000: Land under cereal production (hectares). Land under cereal production refers to harvested area, although some countries report only sown or cultivated area. Cereals include wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food or silage, and those used for grazing, are excluded. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Agricultural raw materials > Imports > % of merchandise imports: Agricultural raw materials comprise SITC section 2 (crude materials except fuels) excluding divisions 22, 27 (crude fertilizers and minerals excluding coal, petroleum, and precious stones), and 28 (metalliferous ores and scrap).
  • Cotton > Stocks per million: Stocks of cotton in mid 2003 (480 lb bales). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Total > Yield Oilseed per million: Yield of Total Oilseed, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Cotton > Imports per million: Imports of cotton 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Wheat > Imports per million: Figures for 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Cereal > Land under cereal production > Hectares: Land under cereal production (hectares). Land under cereal production refers to harvested area, although some countries report only sown or cultivated area. Cereals include wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food or silage, and those used for grazing, are excluded.
  • Total > Yield Oilseed: Yield of Total Oilseed, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004
  • Rice > Exports per million: Figures for 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Root and tuber > Production per million: Average production of roots and tubers 1996-1998. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
STAT India United States HISTORY
Agricultural crop > Production 118
Ranked 62nd. 8% more than United States
109
Ranked 90th.

Cereal > Cereal production > Metric tons 286.5 million
Ranked 3rd.
356.96 million
Ranked 2nd. 25% more than India

Cereal > Cereal production > Metric tons per 1000 231.67
Ranked 70th.
1,137.13
Ranked 6th. 5 times more than India

Cereal > Cereal yield > Kg per hectare 2,953.61
Ranked 84th.
5,922.47
Ranked 20th. Twice as much as India

Cereal > Production 121 thousand metric tons
Ranked 44th. 3% more than United States
117 thousand metric tons
Ranked 57th.
Corn > Yield 1.98
Ranked 19th.
8.93
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than India
Cotton > Production 12,500
Ranked 3rd.
17,559
Ranked 2nd. 40% more than India
Crop > Production index 103.9%
Ranked 111th.
111.3%
Ranked 59th. 7% more than India

Food > Production 119
Ranked 63th. 9% more than United States
109
Ranked 96th.

Food > Production index 104.7%
Ranked 100th.
107.5%
Ranked 80th. 3% more than India

Livestock > Production index 112.2%
Ranked 46th. 10% more than United States
102.3%
Ranked 110th.

Meat > Production 4,604 thousand metric tons
Ranked 7th.
35,085 thousand metric tons
Ranked 2nd. 8 times more than India
Soybean > Production 6.8 million
Ranked 5th.
66.78 million
Ranked 1st. 10 times more than India
Wheat > Production 67,000 thousand metric tons
Ranked 2nd. 5% more than United States
63,590 thousand metric tons
Ranked 3rd.
Wheat > Yield 2.62
Ranked 10th.
2.97
Ranked 9th. 13% more than India
Meat > Production per million 4.35 thousand metric tons
Ranked 141st.
123.12 thousand metric tons
Ranked 7th. 28 times more than India
Live stock > Production index 129
Ranked 37th. 23% more than United States
105
Ranked 112th.

Rice > Production 89,000 thousand metric tons
Ranked 2nd. 14 times more than United States
6,174 thousand metric tons
Ranked 11th.
Soybean > Production per 1000 6.12
Ranked 11th.
228.07
Ranked 4th. 37 times more than India
Corn > Production 13,000 thousand metric tons
Ranked 6th.
259,273 thousand metric tons
Ranked 1st. 20 times more than India
Wheat > Exports 2,000 thousand metric tons
Ranked 7th.
28,500 thousand metric tons
Ranked 1st. 14 times more than India
Cotton > Imports 1,250 thousand bales
Ranked 8th. 25 times more than United States
50 thousand bales
Ranked 55th.
Peanut > Production 7.7 million
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than United States
1.88 million
Ranked 3rd.
Cereal > Production growth 31%
Ranked 41st. 11% more than United States
28%
Ranked 42nd.
Cereal > Production per million 0.114 thousand metric tons
Ranked 146th.
0.411 thousand metric tons
Ranked 144th. 4 times more than India
Corn > Yield per million 0.00178
Ranked 20th.
0.0305
Ranked 13th. 17 times more than India
Rice > Production per million 80.13 thousand metric tons
Ranked 9th. 4 times more than United States
21.09 thousand metric tons
Ranked 14th.
Meat > Production growth 57%
Ranked 48th. 24% more than United States
46%
Ranked 56th.
Land under cereal > Production > Hectares > Per capita 90.86 hectares per 1,000 peop
Ranked 71st.
191.65 hectares per 1,000 peop
Ranked 26th. 2 times more than India

Cotton > Yield 385.95
Ranked 14th.
818.16
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than India
Rice > Yield per million 0.00281
Ranked 22nd.
0.0255
Ranked 14th. 9 times more than India
Rice > Yield 3.12
Ranked 17th.
7.48
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than India
Wheat > Production per million 60.33 thousand metric tons
Ranked 15th.
217.18 thousand metric tons
Ranked 7th. 4 times more than India
Cotton > Production per million 11.25
Ranked 25th.
59.97
Ranked 10th. 5 times more than India
Root and tuber > Production 29,909 thousand metric tons
Ranked 4th. 34% more than United States
22,392 thousand metric tons
Ranked 7th.
Wheat > Yield per million 0.00236
Ranked 26th.
0.0101
Ranked 24th. 4 times more than India
Peanut > Yield 0.96
Ranked 12th.
3.54
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than India
Total > Production Coarse Grain 37.81 million
Ranked 4th.
275.1 million
Ranked 1st. 7 times more than India
Rice > Exports 3,000 thousand metric tons
Ranked 3rd. 3% more than United States
2,900 thousand metric tons
Ranked 4th.
Total > Yield Coarse Grain 1.23
Ranked 22nd.
7.9
Ranked 1st. 6 times more than India
Wheat > Imports 50 thousand metric tons
Ranked 43th.
2,000 thousand metric tons
Ranked 11th. 40 times more than India
Sunflowerseed > Production 1.7 million
Ranked 5th. 40% more than United States
1.21 million
Ranked 8th.
International wheat > Production statistics 71.5
Ranked 2nd. 63% more than United States
44
Ranked 4th.

Soybean > Yield 1.05
Ranked 20th.
2.28
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than India
Total > Yield Coarse Grain per million 0.00111
Ranked 23th.
0.027
Ranked 17th. 24 times more than India
Corn > Production per million 11.71 thousand metric tons
Ranked 16th.
885.48 thousand metric tons
Ranked 1st. 76 times more than India
Sorghum > Production 8,000 thousand metric tons
Ranked 2nd.
10,177 thousand metric tons
Ranked 1st. 27% more than India
Wheat > Exports per million 1.8 thousand metric tons
Ranked 9th.
97.33 thousand metric tons
Ranked 5th. 54 times more than India
Root and tuber > Production growth 59%
Ranked 23th. 97% more than United States
30%
Ranked 45th.
Sorghum > Yield 0.77
Ranked 17th.
3.31
Ranked 8th. 4 times more than India
Barley > Yield 1.88
Ranked 17th.
3.17
Ranked 9th. 69% more than India
Peanut > Yield per million 0.000864
Ranked 19th.
0.0121
Ranked 14th. 14 times more than India
Total > Production Oilseed 28.86 million
Ranked 5th.
76.6 million
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than India
Barley > Yield per million 0.00169
Ranked 22nd.
0.0108
Ranked 20th. 6 times more than India
Total > Production Coarse Grain per 1000 34.04
Ranked 22nd.
939.53
Ranked 1st. 28 times more than India
Peanut > Production per 1000 6.93
Ranked 12th. 8% more than United States
6.42
Ranked 14th.
Cotton > Stocks 3,338 thousand bales
Ranked 3rd.
5,385 thousand bales
Ranked 2nd. 61% more than India
Sunflowerseed > Yield 0.61
Ranked 17th.
1.36
Ranked 9th. 2 times more than India
Sunflowerseed > Yield per million 0.000549
Ranked 17th.
0.00464
Ranked 15th. 8 times more than India
Sunflowerseed > Production per 1000 1.53
Ranked 16th.
4.13
Ranked 14th. 3 times more than India
Imports as % of merchandise > Imports 1.64%
Ranked 25th. 93% more than United States
0.85%
Ranked 87th.

Land used for cereal > Production > Hectares 100.7 million
Ranked 1st. 65% more than United States
60.95 million
Ranked 3rd.

Land under cereal > Production > Hectares per 1000 88.24 hectares
Ranked 69th.
192.23 hectares
Ranked 25th. 2 times more than India

Land under cereal > Production > Hectares 99.45 million hectares
Ranked 1st. 75% more than United States
56.81 million hectares
Ranked 3rd.

Sorghum > Production per million 7.2 thousand metric tons
Ranked 10th.
34.76 thousand metric tons
Ranked 7th. 5 times more than India
Cotton > Yield per million 0.348
Ranked 15th.
2.79
Ranked 13th. 8 times more than India
Total > Production Oilseed per 1000 25.99
Ranked 18th.
261.61
Ranked 5th. 10 times more than India
Soybean > Yield per million 0.000945
Ranked 20th.
0.00779
Ranked 16th. 8 times more than India
Sorghum > Yield per million 0.000693
Ranked 20th.
0.0113
Ranked 17th. 16 times more than India
Cereal > Land under cereal production > Hectares per 1000 78.44
Ranked 81st.
192
Ranked 26th. 2 times more than India

Agricultural raw materials > Imports > % of merchandise imports 2%
Ranked 22nd. 52% more than United States
1.32%
Ranked 59th.

Cotton > Stocks per million 3.05 thousand bales
Ranked 42nd.
18.56 thousand bales
Ranked 10th. 6 times more than India
Total > Yield Oilseed per million 0.000819
Ranked 26th.
0.00727
Ranked 21st. 9 times more than India
Cotton > Imports per million 1.13 thousand bales
Ranked 66th. 7 times more than United States
0.171 thousand bales
Ranked 81st.
Wheat > Imports per million 0.045 thousand metric tons
Ranked 42nd.
6.83 thousand metric tons
Ranked 38th. 152 times more than India
Cereal > Land under cereal production > Hectares 97 million
Ranked 1st. 61% more than United States
60.27 million
Ranked 3rd.

Total > Yield Oilseed 0.91
Ranked 25th.
2.13
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than India
Rice > Exports per million 2.7 thousand metric tons
Ranked 11th.
9.9 thousand metric tons
Ranked 9th. 4 times more than India
Root and tuber > Production per million 29.68 thousand metric tons
Ranked 108th.
81.17 thousand metric tons
Ranked 70th. 3 times more than India

SOURCES: Food and Agriculture Organisation, electronic files and web site.; Food and Agriculture Organization; Food and Agriculture Organization. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Resources Institute; Production Estimates and Crop Assessment Division, FAS, USDA; United States Department of Agriculture; World Development Indicators database; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2001; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2001. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Production Estimates and Crop Assessment Division, FAS, USDA. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Resources Institute. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United States Department of Agriculture. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: International wheat production statistics; World Bank staff estimates from the Comtrade database maintained by the United Nations Statistics Division.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.

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