Facts and stats about India


Author: chris.lockyer781

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1.22 billion

Population. Ranked 2nd in 2013.


GDP per capita. Ranked 135th in 2012.


India is governed through a system of federal democracy, and with only China boasting a larger national population, this means that India is the most populous democracy on earth. Unsurprisingly, running the government is no cheap exercise, and the total government expenditure consumed in 2005 of over $91.3 billion, making it the 12th most expensive government in the world. Despite having had several prominent female politicians in its history, the share of parliamentary seats held by women has never been above 9%.


Bangladesh 4,053 km, Bhutan 605 km, Burma 1,463 km, China 3,380 km, Nepal 1,690 km, Pakistan 2,912 km
Largest city Mumbai - 11,914,398
Capital city New Delhi - 294,149
Major language Hindi, English and more than 20 other official languages
Major religion Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism
Monetary unit Indian rupee
Prime minister Manmohan Singh
Alternative names India, Republic of India
Groups Group object, Group object, Group object, Group object, Group object, Group object, Group object, Group object

Interesting observations about India

  • India ranked first for population amongst Hot countries in 2013.
  • India has had the highest number of infant deaths since 1960.
  • India ranked first for sex ratio > at birth amongst Former British colonies in 2013.
  • India has had the highest number of under-five deaths since 1960.
  • India ranked first for manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > males globally in 2013.
  • India has had the highest produce > cereal > land under cereal production > hectares since 1967.
  • India ranked first for sex ratio > total population amongst Emerging markets in 2013.
  • India has had the highest births and maternity > future births since 1995.
  • India has had the highest hunger and malnutrition > undernourished population since 1993.
  • India ranked first for area > total amongst Densely populated countries in 2013.


In response to Munna:<p>In India there are 1,515 thousand hectares of <a href=/graph/env_bio_res_are>biosphere reserves</a>, a 4.8% of India <a href=/red/graph/env_pro_are&int=-1>protected area</a> equal to 4.8% of India's total area. Sixty <a href= /graph/env_bio_res_are>marine areas</a> belonging to India are also under protection.</p>India has 458 known <a href=/graph/env_kno_bre_bir_spe>breeding bird species</a> and 390 known <a href=/graph/env_kno_mam_spe>mammal</a> species. Of these 193 animal species including <a href=/graph/env_thr_spe_mam>mammals</a> are <a href=/graph/env_thr_spe>threatened</a>. India has met 100% of the endangered species protection requirements of the <a href=http://www.unep-wcmc.org/index.html?http://www.unep-wcmc.org/CITES/redirect.htm~main>CITES</a> ( Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) convention.</p>You can find this information and further details in the <a href=/cat/Environment>environment</a> category.

Posted on 23 Apr 2005

Edria Murray, Staff Editor

Edria Murray, Staff Editor


India: a popular destination for affordable Medical Tourism in India; Inclusive of imported material, the cost of surgery is less than 1/10th that in the US.

Posted on 16 Feb 2011




This is a test.

Posted on 27 Mar 2014



396 Stat enthusiast

  • An economist from Mumbai is calling on the government of India to implement economic reforms which will also focus on agriculture. Rural poverty is a principal problem in India with majority of the population living in rural areas. The disproportion between urban and rural incomes is also going up. The National Agro Foundation (NAF) has done a lot to address this issue. For more than 20 years, this foundation has been involved in interventions such as efficient farm and water management, introduction of technology in agriculture, soil improvement, rural sanitation, and upgraded cattle development. All these are meant to address farm productivity problems in India.

    Indeed, India has made significant strides in agriculture. It used to be highly dependent on food grain requirements but now the country has emerged as an exporter of food grain commodities and commercial produce. This farming saga can be classified generally into three important periods. The first was the Post-Independence period which was five decades ago when there was severe food supply scarcity and India depended too much on United States agricultural programs and support. This was followed by the Green Revolution to attain food sufficiency. It was the period where there was conspicuous concentration on the unveiling of technologies and policies to make possible self sufficiency in grain production. The course of action of the ruling United Progressive Alliance was to enhance agricultural inputs by using quality seedlings, fertilizers and pesticides. In fact, a strategy was devised to improve infrastructure for the production and distribution of high quality seeds to farmers at reasonable prices. This has generated good results with 32.8 million tons of certified quality seeds available in the market.

    Even as agriculture contributes merely 21 percent to the GDP of India, it still remains an important industry since more than 70 percent of the populace (1.1 billion) are poor and live on agriculture.

    jaacosta47 13 May 2014

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