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Labor > Employment Stats: compare key data on Portugal & United States

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  • Employment rates by gender > Employment rates > Men: Employment rates are calculated as the ratio of the employed to the working age population. To calculate this employment rate, the population of working age is divided into two groups: those who are employed and those who are not. Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week. Those not in employment consist of persons who are out of work but seeking employment, students and all others who have excluded themselves from the labour force for one reason or another, such as incapacity or the need to look after young children or elderly relatives.

    Working age is generally defined as persons in the 15 to 64 age bracket although in some countries working age is defined as 16 to 64.
  • Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Men > Aged above 14: Percent employed in agriculture.
  • Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Women > Aged above 14: Percent employed in agriculture.
  • Employment share by sector > Industry > Men > Aged above 14: Percent employed in industry.
  • Employment share by sector > Industry > Women > Aged above 14: Percent employed in industry.
  • Employment share by sector > Services > Men > Aged above 14: Percent employed in services.
  • Employment share by sector > Services > Women > Aged above 14: Percent employed in services.
  • Part-time employment > Incidence of part-time employment: Part-time employment refers to persons who usually work less than 30 hours per week in their main job. Both employees and the self-employed may be part-time workers.

    Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week. The rates shown here refer to the numbers of persons who usually work less than 30 hours per week as a percentage of the total number of those in employment.
  • Percent of population are employees > Men: Number of male self-reported employees (formal or informal), expressed as a percentage of the total male employed population.
  • Percent of population are employees > Women: Number of female self-reported employees (formal or informal), expressed as a percentage of the total female employed population.
  • Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Total: Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week.

    Self-employed persons include employers, own-account workers, members of producers’ co-operatives, and unpaid family workers. The last of these are unpaid in the sense that they do not have a formal contract to receive a fixed amount of income at regular intervals, but they share in the income generated by the enterprise; unpaid family workers are particularly important in farming and retail trade. Note that all persons who work in corporate enterprises, including company directors, are considered to be employees.

    The rates shown here are the percentages of the self-employed in total civilian employment i.e., total employment less military employees.
  • Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Women: Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week.

    Self-employed persons include employers, own-account workers, members of producers’ co-operatives, and unpaid family workers. The last of these are unpaid in the sense that they do not have a formal contract to receive a fixed amount of income at regular intervals, but they share in the income generated by the enterprise; unpaid family workers are particularly important in farming and retail trade. Note that all persons who work in corporate enterprises, including company directors, are considered to be employees.

    The rates shown here are the percentages of the self-employed in total civilian employment i.e., total employment less military employees.
  • Underemployment > Working less than 20 hours per week > Women > Aged above 14: Percentage of females above the age of 14 in employment, who work less than 20 hours/week.
  • Working more than 40 hours per week > Men > Aged above 14: Percentage of males above the age of 14 in employment, who work more than 40 hours per week.
  • Working more than 40 hours per week > Women > Aged above 14: Percentage of females above the age of 14 in employment, who work more than 40 hours per week.
  • Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Women per million: Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week.

    Self-employed persons include employers, own-account workers, members of producers’ co-operatives, and unpaid family workers. The last of these are unpaid in the sense that they do not have a formal contract to receive a fixed amount of income at regular intervals, but they share in the income generated by the enterprise; unpaid family workers are particularly important in farming and retail trade. Note that all persons who work in corporate enterprises, including company directors, are considered to be employees.

    The rates shown here are the percentages of the self-employed in total civilian employment i.e., total employment less military employees. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Employment rates by gender > Employment rates > Men per million: Employment rates are calculated as the ratio of the employed to the working age population. To calculate this employment rate, the population of working age is divided into two groups: those who are employed and those who are not. Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week. Those not in employment consist of persons who are out of work but seeking employment, students and all others who have excluded themselves from the labour force for one reason or another, such as incapacity or the need to look after young children or elderly relatives.

    Working age is generally defined as persons in the 15 to 64 age bracket although in some countries working age is defined as 16 to 64. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Part-time employment > Incidence of part-time employment per million: Part-time employment refers to persons who usually work less than 30 hours per week in their main job. Both employees and the self-employed may be part-time workers.

    Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week. The rates shown here refer to the numbers of persons who usually work less than 30 hours per week as a percentage of the total number of those in employment. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Total per million: Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week.

    Self-employed persons include employers, own-account workers, members of producers’ co-operatives, and unpaid family workers. The last of these are unpaid in the sense that they do not have a formal contract to receive a fixed amount of income at regular intervals, but they share in the income generated by the enterprise; unpaid family workers are particularly important in farming and retail trade. Note that all persons who work in corporate enterprises, including company directors, are considered to be employees.

    The rates shown here are the percentages of the self-employed in total civilian employment i.e., total employment less military employees. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Underemployment > Working less than 20 hours per week > Men > Aged above 14: Percentage of males above the age of 14 in employment, who work less than 20 hours/week.
STAT Portugal United States HISTORY
Employment rates by gender > Employment rates > Men 73.85%
Ranked 21st.
77.78%
Ranked 13th. 5% more than Portugal
Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Men > Aged above 14 10.9%
Ranked 31st. 5 times more than United States
2.2%
Ranked 65th.

Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Women > Aged above 14 12.9%
Ranked 19th. 16 times more than United States
0.8%
Ranked 62nd.

Employment share by sector > Industry > Men > Aged above 14 40.8%
Ranked 9th. 35% more than United States
30.2%
Ranked 44th.

Employment share by sector > Industry > Women > Aged above 14 18.6%
Ranked 18th. 94% more than United States
9.6%
Ranked 59th.

Employment share by sector > Services > Men > Aged above 14 48.2%
Ranked 49th.
67.6%
Ranked 4th. 40% more than Portugal

Employment share by sector > Services > Women > Aged above 14 68.4%
Ranked 50th.
89.6%
Ranked 5th. 31% more than Portugal

Part-time employment > Incidence of part-time employment 9.39%
Ranked 23th.
12.64%
Ranked 18th. 35% more than Portugal
Percent of population are employees > Men 73.1%
Ranked 38th.
91.2%
Ranked 2nd. 25% more than Portugal

Percent of population are employees > Women 76.1%
Ranked 40th.
94.1%
Ranked 5th. 24% more than Portugal

Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Total 24.19%
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than United States
7.22%
Ranked 29th.
Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Women 22.15%
Ranked 6th. 4 times more than United States
5.84%
Ranked 26th.
Underemployment > Working less than 20 hours per week > Women > Aged above 14 6.3%
Ranked 23th.
7.2%
Ranked 19th. 14% more than Portugal

Working more than 40 hours per week > Men > Aged above 14 80.6%
Ranked 15th.
85.8%
Ranked 9th. 6% more than Portugal

Working more than 40 hours per week > Women > Aged above 14 60.7%
Ranked 9th.
66.5%
Ranked 8th. 10% more than Portugal

Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Women per million 2.08%
Ranked 5th. 109 times more than United States
0.019%
Ranked 29th.
Employment rates by gender > Employment rates > Men per million 6.95%
Ranked 13th. 27 times more than United States
0.254%
Ranked 30th.
Part-time employment > Incidence of part-time employment per million 0.883%
Ranked 14th. 21 times more than United States
0.0412%
Ranked 30th.
Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Total per million 2.27%
Ranked 8th. 97 times more than United States
0.0235%
Ranked 30th.
Underemployment > Working less than 20 hours per week > Men > Aged above 14 2.4%
Ranked 20th.
3.2%
Ranked 13th. 33% more than Portugal

SOURCES: OECD Country statistical profiles 2009; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a118, Percent working less than 20 hrs/week; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=40+hrs%2fweek&d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a119, Percent working more than 40 hrs/week.; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a118, Percent working less than 20 hrs/week

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