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Sub-Saharan Africa Compared by Economy > GDP > Official exchange rate per capita

DEFINITION: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at offical exchange rates (OER) is the home-currency-denominated annual GDP figure divided by the bilateral average US exchange rate with that country in that year. The measure is simple to compute and gives a precise measure of the value of output. Many economists prefer this measure when gauging the economic power an economy maintains vis-a-vis its neighbors, judging that an exchange rate captures the purchasing power a nation enjoys in the international marketplace. Official exchange rates, however, can be artifically fixed and/or subject to manipulation - resulting in claims of the country having an under- or over-valued currency - and are not necessarily the equivalent of a market-determined exchange rate. Moreover, even if the official exchange rate is market-determined, market exchange rates are frequently established by a relatively small set of goods and services (the ones the country trades) and may not capture the value of the larger set of goods the country produces. Furthermore, OER-converted GDP is not well suited to comparing domestic GDP over time, since appreciation/depreciation from one year to the next will make the OER GDP value rise/fall regardless of whether home-currency-denominated GDP changed. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH HISTORY
1 Equatorial Guinea $20,900.16 2010
2 Seychelles $10,237.27 2010
3 Gabon $8,070.83 2010
4 Mauritius $7,359.53 2010
5 South Africa $7,089.23 2010
6 Botswana $6,347.30 2010
7 Namibia $5,254.78 2010
8 Angola $4,389.45 2010
9 Cape Verde $3,226.00 2010
10 Swaziland $2,652.65 2010
11 Sudan $1,849.27 2010
12 Djibouti $1,365.65 2010
13 Nigeria $1,294.24 2010
14 Zambia $1,187.11 2010
15 Cote d'Ivoire $1,179.35 2010
16 Cameroon $1,060.88 2010
17 Sao Tome and Principe $1,049.22 2010
18 Senegal $977.56 2010
19 Mauritania $965.81 2010
20 Lesotho $895.51 2010
21 Comoros $815.42 2010
22 Kenya $792.49 2010
23 Ghana $744.35 2010
24 Benin $682.87 2010
25 Mali $649.01 2010
26 Chad $647.74 2010
27 The Gambia $618.81 2010
28 Burkina Faso $558.03 2010
29 Rwanda $525.34 2010
30 Guinea-Bissau $519.97 2010
31 Uganda $503.72 2010
32 Tanzania $498.74 2010
33 Togo $487.47 2010
34 Central African Republic $485.76 2010
35 Zimbabwe $426.25 2010
36 Mozambique $426.00 2010
37 Guinea $399.41 2010
38 Madagascar $395.17 2010
39 Eritrea $392.60 2010
40 Ethiopia $355.24 2010
41 Niger $352.53 2010
42 Malawi $335.36 2010
43 Sierra Leone $330.50 2010
44 Liberia $246.84 2010
45 Somalia $246.16 2010
46 Democratic Republic of the Congo $202.60 2010
47 Burundi $159.11 2010

Citation

"Countries Compared by Economy > GDP > Official exchange rate per capita. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/group-stats/Sub--Saharan-Africa/Economy/GDP/Official-exchange-rate-per-capita

Sub-Saharan Africa Compared by Economy > GDP > Official exchange rate per capita

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