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Country vs country: Australia and United States compared: Education

Definitions

  • Educational attainment > Tertiary: Percentage of adult population (aged 25-64) educated till tertiary level (year 2000).
  • Enrolment ratio > Secondary level: Net enrolment ratio, secondary level, is the ratio of the number of children of official secondary school age enrolled in school to the number of children of official secondary school age in the population.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Mathematical literacy: Mathematical literacy mean value of performance scale 15 years old 2000
  • Preschool enrollment rate: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Primary teacher salary > Starting: Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions in primary education, in equivalent US dollars converted using PPPs. Data for 1999.
  • Reading literacy: Reading literacy mean value of performance scale (15 years old, 2000)
  • School life expectancy > Male: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • School life expectancy > Total: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Scientific literacy: Scientific literacy mean value of performance scale 15 years old (2000)
  • Tertiary enrollment: Gross enrolment ratio, tertiary level is the sum of all tertiary level students enrolled at the start of the school year, expressed as a percentage of the mid-year population in the 5 year age group after the official secondary school leaving age.
  • Universities > Top 100: Number of universities in the top 100
  • High school > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Elementary school > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Educational attainment > Senior secondary: Percentage of adult population (aged 25-64) educated till senior secondary level (year 2000).
  • Spending > USD: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment."
  • Universities > Top 200: Number of universities in the top 200
  • Universities > Top 50: Number of universities in the top 50
  • Elementary school teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • High school teachers: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Young longtext readers: Share of 15-year-olds who are frequent longtext readers(2000)
  • Educational attainment > Junior secondary: Percentage of adult population (aged 25-64) educated till junior secondary level (year 2000).
  • Elementary school > Enrolled students: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • School life expectancy > Female: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Young shorttext readers: Share of 15-year-olds who are frequent shorttext (particularly comics) readers (2000)
  • Preschool enrollment rate > Female: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment."
  • Spending > Proportion: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment. Expressed as a proportion of GNI."
  • School enrollment > Tertiary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Net intake rate in grade 1 > Female > % of official school-age population: Net intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education who are of official primary school entrance age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the corresponding age.
  • School enrollment > Primary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • School enrollment > Primary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • School enrollment > Preprimary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment.
  • Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Female > % of relevant age group: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age.
  • Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Total > % of relevant age group: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age.
  • School enrollment > Preprimary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • Secondary education > Teachers > % female: Female teachers as a percentage of total secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Female > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Male > % of relevant age group: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age.
  • Net intake rate in grade 1 > % of official school-age population: Net intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education who are of official primary school entrance age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the corresponding age.
  • Primary education > Teachers > Per capita: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Primary education > Pupils > Per capita: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Primary education > Pupils > % female: Female pupils as a percentage of total pupils at primary level include enrollments in public and private schools.
  • Net intake rate in grade 1 > Male > % of official school-age population: Net intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education who are of official primary school entrance age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the corresponding age.
  • Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > Private > % of total secondary: Private enrollment refers to pupils or students enrolled in institutions that are not operated by a public authority but controlled and managed, whether for profit or not, by a private body such as a nongovernmental organization, religious body, special interest group, foundation or business enterprise.
  • School enrollment > Primary > Private > % of total primary: Private enrollment refers to pupils or students enrolled in institutions that are not operated by a public authority but controlled and managed, whether for profit or not, by a private body such as a nongovernmental organization, religious body, special interest group, foundation or business enterprise.
  • Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Average years of schooling of adults: Average years of schooling of adults is the years of formal schooling received, on average, by adults over age 15. (Data Source: Barro-Lee Data Set www.worldbank.org/html/prdmg/grthweb/ddbarle2.htm)
  • Student attitude > Dislike of school: Percentage of schoolgoing children who do not like going to school (2000).
  • College and university > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • Efficiency > Net intake rate in grade 1 > % of official school-age population: Net intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education who are of official primary school entrance age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the corresponding age."
  • Efficiency > Net intake rate in grade 1 > Male > % of official school-age population: Net intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education who are of official primary school entrance age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the corresponding age."
  • Efficiency > Net intake rate in grade 1 > Female > % of official school-age population: Net intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education who are of official primary school entrance age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the corresponding age."
  • Elementary school > Enrolled students > % female: Female pupils as a percentage of total pupils at primary level include enrollments in public and private schools.
  • Elementary school starting age > Years: Primary school starting age is the age at which students would enter primary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade."
  • Elementary school teachers > % female: Female teachers as a percentage of total primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Government spending on education > % of GDP: Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Government spending on education > % of government spending: Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • High school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age is the age at which students would enter secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade."
  • High school teachers > % female: Female teachers as a percentage of total secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Inputs > Secondary education > Teachers > Female: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Outcomes > Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • Outcomes > Secondary education > Duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years) is the number of grades (years) in secondary school."
  • Participation > Children out of school > Elementary > Female: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Participation > Children out of school > Elementary > Male: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Participation > Children out of school > Elementary: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Participation > Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education: Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.
  • Participation > School enrollment > Preprimary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Male > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Private > % of total primary: Private enrollment refers to pupils or students enrolled in institutions that are not operated by a public authority but controlled and managed, whether for profit or not, by a private body such as a nongovernmental organisation, religious body, special interest group, foundation or business enterprise."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Private > % of total secondary: Private enrollment refers to pupils or students enrolled in institutions that are not operated by a public authority but controlled and managed, whether for profit or not, by a private body such as a nongovernmental organisation, religious body, special interest group, foundation or business enterprise."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level."
  • Participation > Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training."
  • Participation > Secondary education > General pupils > % female: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training."
  • Participation > Secondary education > Pupils > % female: Female pupils as a percentage of total pupils at secondary level includes enrollments in public and private schools.
  • Participation > Secondary education > Pupils: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Participation > Secondary education > Vocational pupils > % female: Secondary vocational pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in technical and vocational education programs, including teacher training."
  • Participation > Total enrollment > Primary > % net: Total enrollment is the number of pupils of the school-age group for primary education, enrolled either in primary or secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group."
  • Participation > Total enrollment > Primary > Female > % net: Total enrollment is the number of pupils of the school-age group for primary education, enrolled either in primary or secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group."
  • Participation > Total enrollment > Primary > Male > % net: Total enrollment is the number of pupils of the school-age group for primary education, enrolled either in primary or secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group."
  • Preschool enrollment rate > Male: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment."
  • School enrolment rate > 1st grade > Female: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age."
  • School enrolment rate > 1st grade > Male: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age."
  • School enrolment rate > 1st grade: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age."
  • School enrolment rate > 5th grade > Female: Persistence to grade 5 (percentage of cohort reaching grade 5) is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • School enrolment rate > 5th grade > Male: Persistence to grade 5 (percentage of cohort reaching grade 5) is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • School enrolment rate > 5th grade: Persistence to grade 5 (percentage of cohort reaching grade 5) is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Spending per student > College and university: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Spending per student > Elementary school: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Spending per student > High school: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Teacher student ratio > Elementary school: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Teacher student ratio > High school: Secondary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Duration of education > Secondary level: Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (or years) in general secondary education.
  • Student attitude > Report class disorder: Percentage of students who report high noise level and disorder in classes (2000).
  • Public spending per student > Tertiary level: Public expenditure per student, tertiary level is the total reported current spending by the government on tertiary education, divided by the total number of pupils in tertiary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD per million: Research and development (R&D) comprise creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications. R&D is a term covering three activities: basic research, applied research, and experimental development. Basic research is experimental or theoretical work undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge of the underlying foundation of phenomena and observable facts, without any particular application or use in view. Applied research is also original investigation undertaken in order to acquire new knowledge. It is, however, directed primarily towards a specific practical aim or objective. Experimental development is systematic work, drawing on existing knowledge gained from research and/or practical experience, which is directed to producing new materials, products or devices, to installing new processes, systems and services, or to improving substantially those already produced or installed.

    The main aggregate used for international comparisons is gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD). This consists of the total expenditure (current and capital) on R&D by all resident companies, research institutes, university and government laboratories, etc. It excludes R&D expenditures financed by domestic firms but performed abroad. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.

  • Duration of education > Primary level: Duration of primary education is the number of grades (or years) in primary education.
  • Literacy > Adults at high literacy level: Percentage of adults whose level of document literacy is rated 'high'. Data for 1998.
  • Public spending per student > Primary level: Public expenditure per student, primary level is the total reported current spending by the government on primary education, divided by the total number of pupils in primary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Expected duration of education for all students: Expected years of schooling for a 5-year-old under current conditions, excluding education for children under 5. Data for 2000.
  • Spending per primary school student: Primary school spending per pupil in 1998, converted into US dollars by purchasing power parity.
  • Expected duration of education for females: Expected years of schooling for a female 5-year-old under current conditions, excluding education for children under 5. Data for 2000.
  • Primary teacher salary per hour > After 15 years: Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions in primary level education, per hour after 15 years experience and typical training. Expressed in equivalent US dollars converted using Purchasing Power Parities (PPP's). Data for 1999.
  • Spending per secondary school student: Secondary school spending per pupil in 1998, converted into US dollars by purchasing power parity.
  • Teachers as percentage of labor force: The percentage share of the total labor force who are classroom, academic staff, and other teachers. Data for 1999.
  • Female enrolment share > Secondary level: Girls' enrolment share, secondary level is the number of girls enrolled in secondary school, expressed as a percentage of the total number of pupils in secondary school.
  • Female enrolment share > Primary level: Girls' enrolment share, primary level is the number of girls enrolled in primary school, expressed as a percentage of the total number of pupils in primary school.
  • Proportion of 20 year olds in tertiary education: Percentage share of 20 year-olds enrolled in tertiary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Share of university qualifications awarded to females > First degree: Percentage share of tertiary level A qualifications as first degree awarded to females. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of 17 year olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 17 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Public spending per student > Secondary level: Public expenditure per student, secondary level is the total reported current spending by the government on secondary education, divided by the total number of pupils in secondary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Expected duration of education for males: Expected years of schooling for a male 5-year-old under current conditions, excluding education for children under 5. Data for 2000.
  • Private school enrolment > Secondary level: Private sector enrolment share, secondary level is the share of students in general secondary education who attend a privately managed school, regardless of whether or not the school receives subsidies from the government.
  • Primary teacher salary > After 15 years: Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions in primary education, in equivalent US dollars converted using PPPs. Data for 1999.
  • Proportion of 18 year olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 18 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of 18 year olds in tertiary education: Percentage share of 18 year-olds enrolled in tertiary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Spending per primary school student > Per $ GDP: Primary school spending per pupil in 1998, converted into US dollars by purchasing power parity. Per $ GDP figures expressed per $1,000 of Gross Domestic Product.
  • Universities > Top 50 > Per $ GDP: Number of universities in the top 50 Per $ GDP figures expressed per 14.1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning vocational skills: Intended instruction time spent studying vocational skills, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning mathematics: Intended instruction time spent practicing mathematics, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Pupils-teacher ratio > Primary level: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary level is the average number of pupils per teacher in primary education. Cross-country comparisons may be affected by such factors as the composition of teachers by part- and full-time employment.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning science: Intended instruction time spent studying science, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Literacy > Adults with at least moderate literacy: Percentage of adult females who have at least a moderate level of literacy, in selected OECD countries. Data for 1998.
  • Literacy > Adults with at least moderate literacy > Female: Percentage of adult females who have at least a moderate level of literacy, in selected OECD countries. Data for 1998.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning foreign languages: Intended instruction time spent studying modern foreign languages, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Proportion of 19 year olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 19 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Literacy > Adults with at least moderate literacy > Male: Percentage of adult males who have at least a moderate level of literacy, in selected OECD countries. Data for 1998.
  • Proportion of 16 year-olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 16 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning technology: Intended instruction time spent studying technology, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Spending per secondary school student > Per $ GDP: Secondary school spending per pupil in 1998, converted into US dollars by purchasing power parity. Per $ GDP figures expressed per $1,000 of Gross Domestic Product.
  • Proportion of 20 year olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 20 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning religion: Intended instruction time spent studying religion, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning social studies: Intended instruction time spent studying socail studies, or equivalent, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Private school enrolment > Primary level: Private sector enrolment share, primary level is the share of primary school pupils who attend a privately managed school, regardless of whether or not the school receives subsidies from the government.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning arts: Intended instruction time spent studying arts, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Share of university qualifications awarded to females > Advanced research degree: Percentage share of advanced research degrees awarded to females. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of 15 year-olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 15 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of 17 year olds in tertiary education: Percentage share of 17 year-olds enrolled in tertiary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Expenditure on education > Change in expenditure on education > Expenditure in tertiary education: The indicator shows direct public and private expenditure on educational institutions in relation to the number of full-time equivalent students enrolled in these institutions. Public subsidies for students’ living expenses have been excluded to ensure international comparability of the data.

    Expenditure on education per student is obtained by dividing the total expenditure on educational institutions by the number of full-time equivalents students. Only those educational institutions and programmes are taken into account for which both enrolment and expenditure data are available.

  • Research and Development > RandD > Investment in knowledge > Investment in knowledge: Investment in knowledge is defined and calculated as the sum of expenditure on R&D, on total higher education (public and private) and on software. Simple summation of the three components would lead to overestimation of the investment in knowledge owing to overlaps (R&D and software, R&D and education, software and education). Therefore, data reported here have been adjusted to exclude the overlaps between components.

    Note that as the term is used here, "investment” has a broader connotation than its usual meaning in economic statistics. It includes current expenditures, such as on education and R&D, as well as capital outlays, such as purchases of software and construction of school buildings.

  • Primary teacher salary > Starting, % of GDP: Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions in primary education, in equivalent US dollars converted using PPPs. Data for 1999. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Services, etc., value added > Current US$: Services, etc., value added (current US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Universities > Top 100 per million: Number of universities in the top 100. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant LCU: Services, etc., value added (constant LCU). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Services, etc., value added > % of GDP: Services, etc., value added (% of GDP). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99 and they include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Note: For VAB countries, gross value added at factor cost is used as the denominator.
  • Ratio of female to male enrollments in tertiary education: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • Adjusted savings: education expenditure > % of GNI: Adjusted savings: education expenditure (% of GNI). Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment.
  • Universities > Top 200 per million: Number of universities in the top 200. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Universities > Top 50 per million: Number of universities in the top 50. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Primary education > Teachers > % female: Female teachers as a percentage of total primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Primary education > Teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Primary teacher salary > Starting; ratio to GDP per capita: Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions in primary education, in equivalent US dollars converted using PPPs. Data for 1999.
  • Universities > Top 100 > Per $ GDP: Number of universities in the top 100 Per $ GDP figures expressed per 14.1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Ratio of female to male primary enrollment > %: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment (%). Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education > %: Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education (%). Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.
  • Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment > %: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment (%). Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment > %: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment (%). Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • School enrollment, preprimary > % gross: School enrollment, preprimary (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Pre-primary. Total is the total enrollment in pre-primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total population of official pre-primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, preprimary, female > % gross: School enrollment, preprimary, female (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Pre-primary. Female is the total female enrollment in pre-primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total female population of official pre-primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, preprimary, male > % gross: School enrollment, preprimary, male (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Pre-primary. Male is the total male enrollment in pre-primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total male population of official pre-primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • Primary school starting age > Years: Primary school starting age (years). Entrance age of primary is the age at which students would enter primary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • Primary education, duration > Years: Primary education, duration (years). Duration of primary is the number of grades (years) in primary education.
  • Primary education, pupils: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions.
  • Primary education, pupils > % female: Primary education, pupils (% female). Percentage of female students. Primary is the number of female students at the primary level expressed as a percentage of the total number of students (male and female) at the primary level in a given school year.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, primary: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Primary is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers.
  • School enrollment, primary > % gross: School enrollment, primary (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Primary. Total is the total enrollment in primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of official primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • Universities > Top 200 > Per $ GDP: Number of universities in the top 200 Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • School enrollment, primary, female > % gross: School enrollment, primary, female (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Primary. Female is the total female enrollment in primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the female population of official primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, primary, male > % gross: School enrollment, primary, male (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Primary. Male is the total male enrollment in primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the male population of official primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, primary, female > % net: School enrollment, primary, female (% net). Net enrolment rate. Primary. Female is the ratio of female children of the official primary school age who are enrolled in primary school to the female population of the official primary school age.
  • Research and Development > RandD > Investment in knowledge > Investment in knowledge per million: Investment in knowledge is defined and calculated as the sum of expenditure on R&D, on total higher education (public and private) and on software. Simple summation of the three components would lead to overestimation of the investment in knowledge owing to overlaps (R&D and software, R&D and education, software and education). Therefore, data reported here have been adjusted to exclude the overlaps between components.

    Note that as the term is used here, "investment” has a broader connotation than its usual meaning in economic statistics. It includes current expenditures, such as on education and R&D, as well as capital outlays, such as purchases of software and construction of school buildings. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.

  • School enrollment, primary > % net: School enrollment, primary (% net). Net enrolment rate. Primary. Total is the ratio of children of the official primary school age who are enrolled in primary school to the total population of the official primary school age.
  • School enrollment, primary, male > % net: School enrollment, primary, male (% net). Net enrolment rate. Primary. Male is the ratio of male children of the official primary school age who are enrolled in primary school to the male population of the official primary school age.
  • School enrollment, primary, private > % of total primary: School enrollment, primary, private (% of total primary). Percentage of private enrolment. Primary is the enrolment in private primary schools expressed as a percentage of total enrolment (public and private) in primary schools. 'Private' refers to all educational institutions not operated by a public authority, regardless of whether they receive financial support from public authorities. A high percentage indicates strong involvement of the non-governmental sector (including religious bodies, other organizations, associations, communities, private enterprises or persons) in providing organized educational programmes.
  • Primary education, teachers: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Primary education, teachers > % female: Primary education, teachers (% female). Percentage female teachers. Primary is the number of female teachers at the primary level expressed as a percentage of the total number of teachers (male and female) at the primary level in a given school year. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Total enrollment, primary > % net: Total enrollment, primary (% net). Adjusted net enrollment is the number of pupils of the school-age group for primary education, enrolled either in primary or secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group.
  • Total enrollment, primary, female > % net: Total enrollment, primary, female (% net). Adjusted net enrollment is the number of pupils of the school-age group for primary education, enrolled either in primary or secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group.
  • Total enrollment, primary, male > % net: Total enrollment, primary, male (% net). Adjusted net enrollment is the number of pupils of the school-age group for primary education, enrolled either in primary or secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group.
  • Children out of school, primary: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Children out of school, primary, female: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Children out of school, primary, male: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Secondary school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age (years). Entrance age of 2A lower secondary is the age at which students would enter lower secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • Secondary education, pupils: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Secondary education, pupils > % female: Secondary education, pupils (% female). Percentage of female students. Total secondary. All programmes is the number of female students enrolled in all secondary education programmes expressed as a percentage of the total number of students (male and female) enrolled at the secondary education level in a given school year.
  • Secondary education, general pupils: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Secondary education, general pupils > % female: Secondary education, general pupils (% female). Percentage of female students. Total secondary. General programmes is the number of female students enrolled in general programmes at the secondary education level expressed as a percentage of the total number of students (male and female) enrolled in general programmes at the secondary education level in a given school year.
  • Secondary education, vocational pupils: Secondary education, vocational pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. Technical/vocational programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in technical/vocational programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • School enrollment, secondary > % gross: School enrollment, secondary (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Secondary. All programmes. Total is the total enrollment in secondary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of official secondary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, secondary, female > % gross: School enrollment, secondary, female (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Secondary. All programmes. Female is the total female enrollment in secondary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the female population of official secondary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, secondary, male > % gross: School enrollment, secondary, male (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Secondary. All programmes. Male is the total male enrollment in secondary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the male population of official secondary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, secondary > % net: School enrollment, secondary (% net). Net enrolment rate. Secondary. All programmes. Total is the ratio of children of the official secondary school age who are enrolled in secondary school to the population of the official secondary school age.
  • School enrollment, secondary, female > % net: School enrollment, secondary, female (% net). Net enrolment rate. Secondary. All programmes. Female is the ratio of female children of the official secondary school age who are enrolled in secondary school to the female population of the official secondary school age.
  • School enrollment, secondary, male > % net: School enrollment, secondary, male (% net). Net enrolment rate. Secondary. All programmes. Male is the ratio of male children of the official secondary school age who are enrolled in secondary school to the male population of the official secondary school age.
  • School enrollment, secondary, private > % of total secondary: School enrollment, secondary, private (% of total secondary). Percentage of private enrolment. Secondary is the enrolment in private secondary schools expressed as a percentage of total enrolment (public and private) in secondary schools. 'Private' refers to all educational institutions not operated by a public authority, regardless of whether they receive financial support from public authorities. A high percentage indicates strong involvement of the non-governmental sector (including religious bodies, other organizations, associations, communities, private enterprises or persons) in providing organized educational programmes.
  • Secondary education, teachers: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Secondary education, teachers, female: Secondary education, teachers, female. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Female is the total number of female teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Secondary education, teachers > % female: Secondary education, teachers (% female). Percentage female teachers. Secondary is the number of female teachers at the secondary level expressed as a percentage of the total number of teachers (male and female) at the secondary level in a given school year. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • School enrollment, tertiary > % gross: School enrollment, tertiary (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Tertiary (ISCED 5 and 6). Total is the total enrollment in tertiary education (ISCED 5 and 6), regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total population of the five-year age group following on from secondary school leaving.
  • School enrollment, tertiary, female > % gross: School enrollment, tertiary, female (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Tertiary (ISCED 5 and 6). Female is the total female enrollment in tertiary education (ISCED 5 and 6), regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total female population of the five-year age group following on from secondary school leaving.
  • School enrollment, tertiary, male > % gross: School enrollment, tertiary, male (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Tertiary (ISCED 5 and 6). Male is the total male enrollment in tertiary education (ISCED 5 and 6), regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total male population of the five-year age group following on from secondary school leaving.
  • Tertiary education, teachers > % female: Tertiary education, teachers (% female). Percentage female teachers. Tertiary is the number of female teachers at the tertiary level expressed as a percentage of the total number of teachers (male and female) at the tertiary level in a given school year. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Expenditure per student, primary > % of GDP per capita: Expenditure per student, primary (% of GDP per capita). Public expenditure per pupil as a % of GDP per capita. Primary is the total public expenditure per student in primary education as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).
  • Expenditure per student, secondary > % of GDP per capita: Expenditure per student, secondary (% of GDP per capita). Public expenditure per pupil as a % of GDP per capita. Secondary is the total public expenditure per student in secondary education as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).
  • Expenditure per student, tertiary > % of GDP per capita: Expenditure per student, tertiary (% of GDP per capita). Public expenditure per pupil as a % of GDP per capita. Tertiary is the total public expenditure per student in tertiary education as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).
  • Public spending on education, total > % of government expenditure: Public spending on education, total (% of government expenditure). Public expenditure on education as % of total government expenditure is the total public education expenditure (current and capital) expressed as a percentage of total government expenditure for all sectors in a given financial year. Public education expenditure includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration, and subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).
  • Public spending on education, total > % of GDP: Public spending on education, total (% of GDP). Public expenditure on education as % of GDP is the total public expenditure (current and capital) on education expressed as a percentage of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in a given year. Public expenditure on education includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration, and transfers/subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).
  • Labor force with primary education, female > % of female labor force: Labor force with primary education, female (% of female labor force). Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with primary education, male > % of male labor force: Labor force with primary education, male (% of male labor force). Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with primary education > % of total: Labor force with primary education (% of total). Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with secondary education, female > % of female labor force: Labor force with secondary education, female (% of female labor force). Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with secondary education, male > % of male labor force: Labor force with secondary education, male (% of male labor force). Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with secondary education > % of total: Labor force with secondary education (% of total). Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with tertiary education, female > % of female labor force: Labor force with tertiary education, female (% of female labor force). Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with tertiary education, male > % of male labor force: Labor force with tertiary education, male (% of male labor force). Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with tertiary education > % of total: Labor force with tertiary education (% of total). Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Unemployment with primary education, female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment with primary education, female (% of female unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with primary education, male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment with primary education, male (% of male unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with secondary education, female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment with secondary education, female (% of female unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with secondary education, male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment with secondary education, male (% of male unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with tertiary education, female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment with tertiary education, female (% of female unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with tertiary education, male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment with tertiary education, male (% of male unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment with tertiary education (% of total unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Researchers in R&D > Per million people: Researchers in R&D (per million people). Researchers in R&D are professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge, products, processes, methods, or systems and in the management of the projects concerned. Postgraduate PhD students (ISCED97 level 6) engaged in R&D are included.
  • Children out of school > Primary per 1000: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Scientific and technical journal articles per million: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education > Teachers per 1000: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education > General pupils per 1000: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Primary education > Teachers per 1000: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Primary education > Pupils per 1000: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male per 1000: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Public spending on education > Total > % of government expenditure: Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education plus subsidies to private education at the primary, secondary, and tertiary levels.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent in physical education: Intended instruction time spent studying physical education, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Proportion of 19 year olds in tertiary education: Percentage share of 19 year-olds enrolled in tertiary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Outcomes > Tertiary attainment > Tertiary attainment for age group 55-64: For each age group shown, those who have completed tertiary education are shown as a percentage of all persons in that age group. Tertiary education includes both tertiary-type "A programmes”, which are largely theoretically-based and designed to provide qualifications for entry to advanced research programmes and professions with high skill requirements, as well as tertiary-type "B programmes” which are classified at the same level of competencies as tertiary-type A programmes but are more occupationally-oriented and lead to direct labour market access. The tertiary attainment profiles are based on the percentage of the population aged 25 to 64 that has completed that level of education.
  • Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD: Research and development (R&D) comprise creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications. R&D is a term covering three activities: basic research, applied research, and experimental development. Basic research is experimental or theoretical work undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge of the underlying foundation of phenomena and observable facts, without any particular application or use in view. Applied research is also original investigation undertaken in order to acquire new knowledge. It is, however, directed primarily towards a specific practical aim or objective. Experimental development is systematic work, drawing on existing knowledge gained from research and/or practical experience, which is directed to producing new materials, products or devices, to installing new processes, systems and services, or to improving substantially those already produced or installed.

    The main aggregate used for international comparisons is gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD). This consists of the total expenditure (current and capital) on R&D by all resident companies, research institutes, university and government laboratories, etc. It excludes R&D expenditures financed by domestic firms but performed abroad.

  • Services, etc., value added > Current US$ per capita: Services, etc., value added (current US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Services, etc., value added > Current US$, % of GDP: Services, etc., value added (current US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant LCU per capita: Services, etc., value added (constant LCU). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Primary teacher salary > Starting per 1000: Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions in primary education, in equivalent US dollars converted using PPPs. Data for 1999. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Primary education, pupils per 1000: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Primary education, teachers per 1000: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school, primary per 1000: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school, primary, female per 1000: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school, primary, male per 1000: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, pupils per 1000: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, vocational pupils per 1000: Secondary education, vocational pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. Technical/vocational programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in technical/vocational programmes at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, teachers per 1000: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, teachers, female per 1000: Secondary education, teachers, female. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Female is the total number of female teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Education spending > % of GDP: Government Education Expenditure (% of GDP, 2000-2002)
  • School enrollment > Primary > Male > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • Unemployment with primary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Scientific and technical journal articles: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences.
  • Literacy > Adults at moderate literacy level: Percentage of adults whose level of document literacy is rated 'moderate'. Data for 1998.
  • Literacy > Adults at low literacy level: Percentage of adults whose level of document literacy is rated 'low'. Data for 1998
  • Share of university qualifications awarded to females: Percentage share of tertiary level A qualifications as first degree awarded to females. Data for 2000.
  • Duration of compulsory education: Duration of compulsory education is the number of grades (or years) that a child must legally be enrolled in school.
  • Total expenditure as % of GDP: Total expenditure on education per year per country as % of GDP (Year 2000).
  • Student attitude > Find school boring: Percentage of students who do find school boring (2000).
  • Secondary education, general pupils per 1000: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Expenditure per student > Secondary > % of GDP per capita: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita.
  • Secondary education, duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years). Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (years) in secondary education (ISCED 2 & 3).
  • Children out of school > Primary: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Adjusted savings > Education expenditure > % of GNI: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment.
  • Public spending on education > Total > % of GDP: Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education plus subsidies to private education at the primary, secondary, and tertiary levels.
  • Unemployment with primary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with secondary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • School enrollment > Tertiary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level.
  • Expenditure per student > Primary > % of GDP per capita: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita.
  • Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • Expenditure per student > Tertiary > % of GDP per capita: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita.
  • Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education: Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.
  • Schools connected to the Internet: Schools connected to the Internet are the share of primary and secondary schools in the country that have access to the Internet.
  • Secondary education > Teachers: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training.
  • School enrollment > Primary > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
STAT Australia United States HISTORY
Educational attainment > Tertiary 29%
Ranked 7th.
37%
Ranked 2nd. 28% more than Australia
Enrolment ratio > Secondary level 89.7%
Ranked 12th. 2% more than United States
88.1%
Ranked 17th.
Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
Literacy > Female 99%
Ranked 24th. The same as United States
99%
Ranked 17th.

Literacy > Male 99%
Ranked 34th. The same as United States
99%
Ranked 28th.

Literacy > Total population 99%
Ranked 25th. The same as United States
99%
Ranked 20th.

Mathematical literacy 533
Ranked 6th. 8% more than United States
493
Ranked 18th.
Preschool enrollment rate 105.52
Ranked 60th. 7% more than United States
98.77
Ranked 94th.

Primary teacher salary > Starting $25,661
Ranked 6th.
$25,707
Ranked 5th. About the same as Australia
Reading literacy 528
Ranked 4th. 5% more than United States
504
Ranked 15th.
School life expectancy > Male 16.4 years
Ranked 1st. 11% more than United States
14.8 years
Ranked 17th.
School life expectancy > Total 16.6 years
Ranked 3rd. 9% more than United States
15.2 years
Ranked 14th.
Scientific literacy 528
Ranked 7th. 6% more than United States
499
Ranked 14th.
Tertiary enrollment 63.3%
Ranked 6th.
72.6%
Ranked 1st. 15% more than Australia
Universities > Top 100 12
Ranked 3rd.
31
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Australia
High school > Gender ratio 95.35
Ranked 82nd.
99.5
Ranked 59th. 4% more than Australia

Elementary school > Gender ratio 99.85
Ranked 33th.
100.68
Ranked 17th. 1% more than Australia

Educational attainment > Senior secondary 30%
Ranked 17th.
50%
Ranked 6th. 67% more than Australia
Spending > USD 49.45 billion
Ranked 13th.
684.04 billion
Ranked 1st. 14 times more than Australia

Universities > Top 200 17
Ranked 3rd.
54
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Australia
Universities > Top 50 6
Ranked 3rd.
20
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Australia
Elementary school teachers 105,469
Ranked 31st.
1.8 million
Ranked 2nd. 17 times more than Australia

High school teachers 183,020
Ranked 10th.
1.72 million
Ranked 2nd. 9 times more than Australia

Young longtext readers 36%
Ranked 2nd. 27% more than United States
28.4%
Ranked 6th.
Educational attainment > Junior secondary 41%
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than United States
12%
Ranked 18th.
Elementary school > Enrolled students 1.98 million
Ranked 47th.
24.68 million
Ranked 3rd. 12 times more than Australia

School life expectancy > Female 16.8 years
Ranked 5th. 7% more than United States
15.7 years
Ranked 11th.
Young shorttext readers 10.6%
Ranked 25th.
11%
Ranked 24th. 4% more than Australia
Preschool enrollment rate > Female 81.3
Ranked 41st. 41% more than United States
57.63
Ranked 64th.

Spending > Proportion 5.11
Ranked 46th. 7% more than United States
4.79
Ranked 54th.

School enrollment > Tertiary > Male > % gross 64.87% gross
Ranked 8th.
69.19% gross
Ranked 6th. 7% more than Australia

Children out of school > Primary > Male 41,839
Ranked 36th.
593,372
Ranked 5th. 14 times more than Australia

Net intake rate in grade 1 > Female > % of official school-age population 72.89%
Ranked 30th. 2% more than United States
71.58%
Ranked 32nd.
School enrollment > Primary > Male > % gross 103.05% gross
Ranked 87th. 3% more than United States
100.34% gross
Ranked 110th.

School enrollment > Primary > % gross 102.83% gross
Ranked 81st. 4% more than United States
98.98% gross
Ranked 115th.

School enrollment > Preprimary > Female > % gross 102.36% gross
Ranked 16th. 69% more than United States
60.55% gross
Ranked 61st.

Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Female > % of relevant age group 102.28%
Ranked 61st. 3% more than United States
99.02%
Ranked 86th.

Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Total > % of relevant age group 102.89%
Ranked 67th. 3% more than United States
99.44%
Ranked 92nd.

School enrollment > Preprimary > Male > % gross 102.46% gross
Ranked 15th. 62% more than United States
63.25% gross
Ranked 58th.

School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % net 86.09% net
Ranked 36th.
90.59% net
Ranked 20th. 5% more than Australia

School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % net 84.92% net
Ranked 35th.
88.14% net
Ranked 23th. 4% more than Australia

Secondary education > Teachers > % female 50% female
Ranked 57th.
62.59% female
Ranked 37th. 25% more than Australia

Children out of school > Primary > Per capita 3.83 per 1,000 people
Ranked 68th.
5.52 per 1,000 people
Ranked 57th. 44% more than Australia

Children out of school > Primary > Male > Per capita 2.08 per 1,000 people
Ranked 65th. 3% more than United States
2.02 per 1,000 people
Ranked 67th.

Children out of school > Primary > Female > Per capita 1.75 per 1,000 people
Ranked 71st.
3.5 per 1,000 people
Ranked 47th. Twice as much as Australia

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita 51.54 per 1,000 people
Ranked 9th.
57.61 per 1,000 people
Ranked 4th. 12% more than Australia

Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita 0.098 per capita
Ranked 104th. 14% more than United States
0.086 per capita
Ranked 119th.

Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita 127.98 per 1,000 people
Ranked 14th. 55% more than United States
82.72 per 1,000 people
Ranked 88th.

Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Male > % of relevant age group 103.47%
Ranked 65th. 4% more than United States
99.85%
Ranked 91st.

Net intake rate in grade 1 > % of official school-age population 70.36%
Ranked 38th. 1% more than United States
69.78%
Ranked 40th.
Primary education > Teachers > Per capita 5.57 per 1,000 people
Ranked 40th.
5.88 per 1,000 people
Ranked 44th. 6% more than Australia

Primary education > Pupils > Per capita 0.096 per capita
Ranked 100th. 14% more than United States
0.084 per capita
Ranked 115th.

Primary education > Pupils > % female 48.62% female
Ranked 59th. 1% more than United States
48.08% female
Ranked 104th.

Net intake rate in grade 1 > Male > % of official school-age population 67.96%
Ranked 44th.
68.07%
Ranked 43th. About the same as Australia
Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita 72.08 per 1,000 people
Ranked 75th.
82.36 per 1,000 people
Ranked 51st. 14% more than Australia

School enrollment > Secondary > Private > % of total secondary 30.48%
Ranked 22nd. 3 times more than United States
8.81%
Ranked 67th.

School enrollment > Primary > Private > % of total primary 28.68%
Ranked 26th. 3 times more than United States
10.29%
Ranked 59th.

Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita 6.42 per 1,000 people
Ranked 33th. 17% more than United States
5.5 per 1,000 people
Ranked 65th.

Average years of schooling of adults 10.9
Ranked 6th.
12
Ranked 1st. 10% more than Australia
Student attitude > Dislike of school 34%
Ranked 6th.
35%
Ranked 5th. 3% more than Australia
College and university > Gender ratio 129.51
Ranked 38th.
140.06
Ranked 29th. 8% more than Australia

Efficiency > Net intake rate in grade 1 > % of official school-age population 69.75%
Ranked 31st.
77.51%
Ranked 23th. 11% more than Australia

Efficiency > Net intake rate in grade 1 > Male > % of official school-age population 66.94%
Ranked 39th.
73.96%
Ranked 27th. 10% more than Australia

Efficiency > Net intake rate in grade 1 > Female > % of official school-age population 72.71%
Ranked 28th.
81.24%
Ranked 18th. 12% more than Australia

Elementary school > Enrolled students > % female 48.62%
Ranked 62nd.
48.92%
Ranked 37th. 1% more than Australia

Elementary school starting age > Years 5
Ranked 174th.
6
Ranked 73th. 20% more than Australia

Elementary school teachers > % female 76.21%
Ranked 26th.
85.64%
Ranked 32nd. 12% more than Australia

Government spending on education > % of GDP 4.65%
Ranked 46th.
5.54%
Ranked 21st. 19% more than Australia

Government spending on education > % of government spending 14.01%
Ranked 46th.
14.13%
Ranked 35th. 1% more than Australia

High school starting age > Years 12
Ranked 102nd. The same as United States
12
Ranked 55th.

High school teachers > % female 51.53%
Ranked 31st.
60.36%
Ranked 38th. 17% more than Australia

Inputs > Secondary education > Teachers > Female 94,310
Ranked 10th.
1.04 million
Ranked 1st. 11 times more than Australia

Outcomes > Primary education > Duration > Years 7
Ranked 19th. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 49th.

Outcomes > Secondary education > Duration > Years 6
Ranked 128th. The same as United States
6
Ranked 86th.

Participation > Children out of school > Elementary > Female 21,925
Ranked 46th.
769,923
Ranked 4th. 35 times more than Australia

Participation > Children out of school > Elementary > Male 32,923
Ranked 39th.
944,307
Ranked 4th. 29 times more than Australia

Participation > Children out of school > Elementary 54,848
Ranked 44th.
1.71 million
Ranked 4th. 31 times more than Australia

Participation > Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education 97.3%
Ranked 83th.
100.09%
Ranked 51st. 3% more than Australia

Participation > School enrollment > Preprimary > % gross 82.29%
Ranked 40th. 42% more than United States
57.81%
Ranked 64th.

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > % net 96.93%
Ranked 28th. 5% more than United States
91.97%
Ranked 56th.

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross 105.44%
Ranked 55th. 6% more than United States
99.11%
Ranked 89th.

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % net 97.44%
Ranked 25th. 5% more than United States
92.61%
Ranked 54th.

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Male > % gross 105.6%
Ranked 62nd. 7% more than United States
98.45%
Ranked 102nd.

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Male > % net 96.45%
Ranked 31st. 6% more than United States
91.37%
Ranked 60th.

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Private > % of total primary 30.26%
Ranked 20th. 3 times more than United States
9.68%
Ranked 58th.

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > % gross 149.29%
Ranked 1st. 59% more than United States
94.11%
Ranked 41st.

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > % net 87.97%
Ranked 24th.
88.31%
Ranked 22nd. About the same as Australia

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % gross 145.64%
Ranked 1st. 55% more than United States
93.87%
Ranked 43th.

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % net 88.69%
Ranked 24th.
88.98%
Ranked 21st. About the same as Australia

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % gross 152.74%
Ranked 1st. 62% more than United States
94.34%
Ranked 38th.

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % net 87.28%
Ranked 20th.
87.68%
Ranked 18th. About the same as Australia

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Private > % of total secondary 28.52%
Ranked 23th. 3 times more than United States
8.78%
Ranked 68th.

Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > % gross 77%
Ranked 10th.
82.92%
Ranked 4th. 8% more than Australia

Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > Female > % gross 87.15%
Ranked 14th.
97.14%
Ranked 6th. 11% more than Australia

Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > Male > % gross 67.29%
Ranked 6th.
69.36%
Ranked 5th. 3% more than Australia

Participation > Secondary education > General pupils 1.51 million
Ranked 35th.
24.69 million
Ranked 2nd. 16 times more than Australia

Participation > Secondary education > General pupils > % female 49.97%
Ranked 72nd. 3% more than United States
48.63%
Ranked 95th.

Participation > Secondary education > Pupils > % female 47.46%
Ranked 97th.
48.63%
Ranked 69th. 2% more than Australia

Participation > Secondary education > Pupils 2.49 million
Ranked 27th.
24.43 million
Ranked 3rd. 10 times more than Australia

Participation > Secondary education > Vocational pupils > % female 43.78%
Ranked 43th.
0.0
Ranked 111th.

Participation > Total enrollment > Primary > % net 97.07%
Ranked 40th. 4% more than United States
93.14%
Ranked 64th.

Participation > Total enrollment > Primary > Female > % net 97.6%
Ranked 27th. 4% more than United States
93.68%
Ranked 53th.

Participation > Total enrollment > Primary > Male > % net 96.58%
Ranked 33th. 4% more than United States
92.62%
Ranked 60th.

Preschool enrollment rate > Male 83.22
Ranked 38th. 44% more than United States
57.98
Ranked 63th.

School enrolment rate > 1st grade > Female 102.72
Ranked 60th.
108.63
Ranked 38th. 6% more than Australia

School enrolment rate > 1st grade > Male 102.84
Ranked 76th.
103.49
Ranked 59th. 1% more than Australia

School enrolment rate > 1st grade 102.78
Ranked 70th.
105.99
Ranked 46th. 3% more than Australia

School enrolment rate > 5th grade > Female 99.46
Ranked 4th. 1% more than United States
98.08
Ranked 22nd.

School enrolment rate > 5th grade > Male 98.17
Ranked 4th. 3% more than United States
95.67
Ranked 24th.

School enrolment rate > 5th grade 98.8
Ranked 5th. 5% more than United States
94.45
Ranked 30th.

Spending per student > College and university 21.04
Ranked 40th.
22.04
Ranked 37th. 5% more than Australia

Spending per student > Elementary school 17.08
Ranked 34th.
22.35
Ranked 18th. 31% more than Australia

Spending per student > High school 15.11
Ranked 47th.
24.56
Ranked 18th. 63% more than Australia

Teacher student ratio > Elementary school 17.88
Ranked 104th. 31% more than United States
13.69
Ranked 102nd.

Teacher student ratio > High school 12.58
Ranked 83th.
14.38
Ranked 51st. 14% more than Australia

Duration of education > Secondary level 6
Ranked 122nd. The same as United States
6
Ranked 81st.
Student attitude > Report class disorder 32%
Ranked 9th. 14% more than United States
28%
Ranked 11th.
Public spending per student > Tertiary level 24.9
Ranked 17th. 4% more than United States
23.9
Ranked 8th.
Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD per million 0.0923%
Ranked 16th. 11 times more than United States
0.00874%
Ranked 28th.
Duration of education > Primary level 7
Ranked 19th. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 51st.
Literacy > Adults at high literacy level 17.4%
Ranked 12th.
19%
Ranked 9th. 9% more than Australia
Public spending per student > Primary level 15.9
Ranked 9th.
17.9
Ranked 21st. 13% more than Australia
Expected duration of education for all students 20.7 years
Ranked 1st. 24% more than United States
16.7 years
Ranked 14th.
Spending per primary school student $3,981 per student
Ranked 10th.
$6,043 per student
Ranked 4th. 52% more than Australia
Expected duration of education for females 20.1 years
Ranked 2nd. 18% more than United States
17.1 years
Ranked 12th.
Primary teacher salary per hour > After 15 years $44 per hour
Ranked 4th. 22% more than United States
$36 per hour
Ranked 10th.
Spending per secondary school student $5,830 per student
Ranked 10th.
$7,764 per student
Ranked 3rd. 33% more than Australia
Teachers as percentage of labor force 3.7%
Ranked 23th.
4.2%
Ranked 17th. 14% more than Australia
Female enrolment share > Secondary level 48.9%
Ranked 76th.
49%
Ranked 73th. About the same as Australia
Female enrolment share > Primary level 48.6%
Ranked 61st.
48.7%
Ranked 42nd. About the same as Australia
Proportion of 20 year olds in tertiary education 33%
Ranked 11th.
38%
Ranked 5th. 15% more than Australia
Share of university qualifications awarded to females > First degree 57%
Ranked 13th. The same as United States
57%
Ranked 12th.
Proportion of 17 year olds in secondary education 79%
Ranked 18th. The same as United States
79%
Ranked 17th.
Public spending per student > Secondary level 13.9
Ranked 25th.
22.4
Ranked 28th. 61% more than Australia
Expected duration of education for males 20.1 years
Ranked 1st. 24% more than United States
16.2 years
Ranked 18th.
Private school enrolment > Secondary level 33.6
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than United States
9.6
Ranked 12th.
Primary teacher salary > After 15 years $36,971
Ranked 2nd. 7% more than United States
$34,705
Ranked 5th.
Proportion of 18 year olds in secondary education 38%
Ranked 20th. 58% more than United States
24%
Ranked 25th.
Proportion of 18 year olds in tertiary education 29%
Ranked 5th.
35%
Ranked 3rd. 21% more than Australia
Spending per primary school student > Per $ GDP $6.51e-06 per student per $1,000
Ranked 13th. 13 times more than United States
$5.14e-07 per student per $1,000
Ranked 21st.
Universities > Top 50 > Per $ GDP 0.134 per $14.1 billion of GDP
Ranked 3rd. 6 times more than United States
0.024 per $14.1 billion of GDP
Ranked 7th.
Proportion of primary education time spent learning vocational skills n 5
Proportion of primary education time spent learning mathematics 12%
Ranked 26th.
16%
Ranked 3rd. 33% more than Australia
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary 20 years
Ranked 1st. 25% more than United States
16 years
Ranked 15th.
Pupils-teacher ratio > Primary level 9.1
Ranked 10th.
15.4
Ranked 115th. 69% more than Australia
Proportion of primary education time spent learning science 11%
Ranked 21st.
14%
Ranked 9th. 27% more than Australia
Literacy > Adults with at least moderate literacy 55.2%
Ranked 9th. 10% more than United States
50.4%
Ranked 11th.
Literacy > Adults with at least moderate literacy > Female 47.8%
Ranked 7th.
53.6%
Ranked 1st. 12% more than Australia
Proportion of primary education time spent learning foreign languages 6 7
Proportion of 19 year olds in secondary education 25%
Ranked 14th. 4 times more than United States
6%
Ranked 26th.
Literacy > Adults with at least moderate literacy > Male 52.2%
Ranked 11th. 13% more than United States
46.4%
Ranked 17th.
Proportion of 16 year-olds in secondary education 94%
Ranked 11th. 8% more than United States
87%
Ranked 22nd.
Proportion of primary education time spent learning technology 9 3
Spending per secondary school student > Per $ GDP $9.53e-06 per student per $1,000
Ranked 13th. 14 times more than United States
$6.61e-07 per student per $1,000
Ranked 21st.
Proportion of 20 year olds in secondary education 20%
Ranked 9th. 10 times more than United States
2%
Ranked 25th.
Proportion of primary education time spent learning religion n 1
Proportion of primary education time spent learning social studies 11%
Ranked 26th.
12%
Ranked 19th. 9% more than Australia
Private school enrolment > Primary level 27.2
Ranked 16th. 2 times more than United States
11.6
Ranked 33th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 20 years
Ranked 1st. 33% more than United States
15 years
Ranked 24th.
Proportion of primary education time spent learning arts 8 7
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 21 years
Ranked 1st. 31% more than United States
16 years
Ranked 25th.
Share of university qualifications awarded to females > Advanced research degree 40%
Ranked 12th.
44%
Ranked 9th. 10% more than Australia
Proportion of 15 year-olds in secondary education 99%
Ranked 9th. 9% more than United States
91%
Ranked 23th.
Proportion of 17 year olds in tertiary education 5%
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than United States
2%
Ranked 11th.
Expenditure on education > Change in expenditure on education > Expenditure in tertiary education 122.22 Index of change, year 200
Ranked 13th. 4% more than United States
117.74 Index of change, year 200
Ranked 15th.
Research and Development > RandD > Investment in knowledge > Investment in knowledge 3.91%
Ranked 8th.
6.49%
Ranked 2nd. 66% more than Australia
Primary teacher salary > Starting, % of GDP 6.59e-06%
Ranked 14th. 24 times more than United States
2.76e-07%
Ranked 22nd.
Services, etc., value added > Current US$ $997.27 billion
Ranked 4th.
$11.51 trillion
Ranked 1st. 12 times more than Australia

Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ $551.4 billion
Ranked 6th.
$10.28 trillion
Ranked 1st. 19 times more than Australia

Universities > Top 100 per million 0.588
Ranked 1st. 6 times more than United States
0.105
Ranked 13th.
Services, etc., value added > Constant LCU 931.96 billion
Ranked 33th.
11.23 trillion
Ranked 13th. 12 times more than Australia

Services, etc., value added > % of GDP 69.44%
Ranked 19th.
79.4%
Ranked 11th. 14% more than Australia

Ratio of female to male enrollments in tertiary education 123.09
Ranked 48th.
139.19
Ranked 29th. 13% more than Australia

Adjusted savings: education expenditure > % of GNI 4.78%
Ranked 60th.
4.79%
Ranked 59th. About the same as Australia

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level 1.01 million
Ranked 23th.
16.61 million
Ranked 1st. 16 times more than Australia

Universities > Top 200 per million 0.834
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than United States
0.183
Ranked 17th.
Universities > Top 50 per million 0.294
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than United States
0.0677
Ranked 7th.
Primary education > Teachers > % female 71.5% female
Ranked 43th.
88.58% female
Ranked 21st. 24% more than Australia

Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level 97%
Ranked 47th. 3% more than United States
94%
Ranked 71st.

Primary education > Teachers 105,469
Ranked 33th.
1.73 million
Ranked 3rd. 16 times more than Australia

Primary teacher salary > Starting; ratio to GDP per capita $36,971
Ranked 2nd. 7% more than United States
$34,705
Ranked 5th.
Universities > Top 100 > Per $ GDP 0.268 per $14.1 billion of GDP
Ranked 1st. 7 times more than United States
0.037 per $14.1 billion of GDP
Ranked 15th.
Ratio of female to male primary enrollment > % 99.67%
Ranked 41st.
100.37%
Ranked 26th. 1% more than Australia

Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education > % 96.95%
Ranked 92nd.
100.42%
Ranked 47th. 4% more than Australia

Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment > % 94.58%
Ranked 98th.
100.45%
Ranked 56th. 6% more than Australia

Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment > % 137.6%
Ranked 36th.
138.98%
Ranked 35th. 1% more than Australia

School enrollment, preprimary > % gross 94.94%
Ranked 31st. 29% more than United States
73.32%
Ranked 63th.

School enrollment, preprimary, female > % gross 77.5%
Ranked 60th. 7% more than United States
72.28%
Ranked 62nd.

School enrollment, preprimary, male > % gross 78.72%
Ranked 58th. 6% more than United States
74.31%
Ranked 60th.

Primary school starting age > Years 5
Ranked 195th.
6
Ranked 77th. 20% more than Australia

Primary education, duration > Years 7
Ranked 20th. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 53th.

Primary education, pupils 2.04 million
Ranked 48th.
24.43 million
Ranked 5th. 12 times more than Australia

Primary education, pupils > % female 48.6%
Ranked 68th.
49.01%
Ranked 26th. 1% more than Australia

Pupil-teacher ratio, primary 17.88
Ranked 118th. 25% more than United States
14.29
Ranked 98th.

School enrollment, primary > % gross 104.42%
Ranked 70th. 6% more than United States
98.78%
Ranked 107th.

Universities > Top 200 > Per $ GDP 0.027 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than United States
0.005 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 17th.
School enrollment, primary, female > % gross 104.24%
Ranked 64th. 5% more than United States
98.97%
Ranked 97th.

School enrollment, primary, male > % gross 104.58%
Ranked 73th. 6% more than United States
98.6%
Ranked 116th.

School enrollment, primary, female > % net 96.78%
Ranked 24th. 5% more than United States
92.48%
Ranked 52nd.

Research and Development > RandD > Investment in knowledge > Investment in knowledge per million 0.179%
Ranked 8th. 8 times more than United States
0.0212%
Ranked 18th.
School enrollment, primary > % net 96.4%
Ranked 39th. 5% more than United States
91.88%
Ranked 70th.

School enrollment, primary, male > % net 96.03%
Ranked 35th. 5% more than United States
91.29%
Ranked 62nd.

School enrollment, primary, private > % of total primary 31.08%
Ranked 27th. 4 times more than United States
8.72%
Ranked 78th.

Primary education, teachers 105,469
Ranked 36th.
1.71 million
Ranked 5th. 16 times more than Australia

Primary education, teachers > % female 76.89%
Ranked 29th.
86.71%
Ranked 33th. 13% more than Australia

Total enrollment, primary > % net 96.5%
Ranked 54th. 4% more than United States
92.89%
Ranked 75th.

Total enrollment, primary, female > % net 96.89%
Ranked 36th. 4% more than United States
93.55%
Ranked 58th.

Total enrollment, primary, male > % net 96.13%
Ranked 49th. 4% more than United States
92.27%
Ranked 66th.

Children out of school, primary 68,417
Ranked 39th.
1.76 million
Ranked 3rd. 26 times more than Australia

Children out of school, primary, female 29,573
Ranked 39th.
780,465
Ranked 3rd. 26 times more than Australia

Children out of school, primary, male 38,844
Ranked 37th.
976,866
Ranked 3rd. 25 times more than Australia

Secondary school starting age > Years 12
Ranked 110th. The same as United States
12
Ranked 59th.

Secondary education, pupils 2.33 million
Ranked 32nd.
24.21 million
Ranked 4th. 10 times more than Australia

Secondary education, pupils > % female 47.37%
Ranked 104th.
48.86%
Ranked 62nd. 3% more than Australia

Secondary education, general pupils 1.54 million
Ranked 35th.
24.21 million
Ranked 3rd. 16 times more than Australia

Secondary education, general pupils > % female 49.71%
Ranked 70th. 2% more than United States
48.86%
Ranked 96th.

Secondary education, vocational pupils 786,296
Ranked 13th.
0.0
Ranked 96th.

School enrollment, secondary > % gross 133.05%
Ranked 1st. 42% more than United States
93.55%
Ranked 60th.

School enrollment, secondary, female > % gross 129.25%
Ranked 2nd. 38% more than United States
93.76%
Ranked 61st.

School enrollment, secondary, male > % gross 136.65%
Ranked 1st. 46% more than United States
93.35%
Ranked 56th.

School enrollment, secondary > % net 85.61%
Ranked 38th.
87.47%
Ranked 32nd. 2% more than Australia

School enrollment, secondary, female > % net 86.09%
Ranked 41st.
88.17%
Ranked 31st. 2% more than Australia

School enrollment, secondary, male > % net 85.16%
Ranked 37th.
86.8%
Ranked 32nd. 2% more than Australia

School enrollment, secondary, private > % of total secondary 35.24%
Ranked 16th. 4 times more than United States
8.27%
Ranked 85th.

Secondary education, teachers 104,110
Ranked 23th.
1.67 million
Ranked 4th. 16 times more than Australia

Secondary education, teachers, female 52,710
Ranked 17th.
1.02 million
Ranked 4th. 19 times more than Australia

Secondary education, teachers > % female 50.63%
Ranked 25th.
61.15%
Ranked 36th. 21% more than Australia

School enrollment, tertiary > % gross 83.24%
Ranked 7th.
95.33%
Ranked 3rd. 15% more than Australia

School enrollment, tertiary, female > % gross 96.88%
Ranked 8th.
111.32%
Ranked 1st. 15% more than Australia

School enrollment, tertiary, male > % gross 70.41%
Ranked 10th.
80.1%
Ranked 3rd. 14% more than Australia

Tertiary education, teachers > % female 31.43%
Ranked 13th.
47.68%
Ranked 22nd. 52% more than Australia

Expenditure per student, primary > % of GDP per capita 22.52%
Ranked 24th.
22.93%
Ranked 23th. 2% more than Australia

Expenditure per student, secondary > % of GDP per capita 19.88%
Ranked 52nd.
25.25%
Ranked 32nd. 27% more than Australia

Expenditure per student, tertiary > % of GDP per capita 21.52%
Ranked 67th.
21.66%
Ranked 66th. 1% more than Australia

Public spending on education, total > % of government expenditure 13.46%
Ranked 66th. 3% more than United States
13.07%
Ranked 60th.

Public spending on education, total > % of GDP 5.59%
Ranked 43th.
5.62%
Ranked 41st. 1% more than Australia

Labor force with primary education, female > % of female labor force 28%
Ranked 26th. 2 times more than United States
11.8%
Ranked 48th.

Labor force with primary education, male > % of male labor force 26.7%
Ranked 39th. 79% more than United States
14.9%
Ranked 51st.

Labor force with primary education > % of total 27.3%
Ranked 35th. 2 times more than United States
13.4%
Ranked 51st.

Labor force with secondary education, female > % of female labor force 33.5%
Ranked 57th.
51.6%
Ranked 23th. 54% more than Australia

Labor force with secondary education, male > % of male labor force 43.3%
Ranked 40th.
50.2%
Ranked 23th. 16% more than Australia

Labor force with secondary education > % of total 38.9%
Ranked 52nd.
50.8%
Ranked 22nd. 31% more than Australia

Labor force with tertiary education, female > % of female labor force 38.5%
Ranked 16th. 5% more than United States
36.5%
Ranked 5th.

Labor force with tertiary education, male > % of male labor force 29.9%
Ranked 15th.
35%
Ranked 4th. 17% more than Australia

Labor force with tertiary education > % of total 33.8%
Ranked 13th.
35.7%
Ranked 3rd. 6% more than Australia

Unemployment with primary education, female > % of female unemployment 46.3%
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than United States
15.1%
Ranked 64th.

Unemployment with primary education, male > % of male unemployment 48.5%
Ranked 21st. 2 times more than United States
20.2%
Ranked 66th.

Unemployment with secondary education, female > % of female unemployment 32.7%
Ranked 71st.
33%
Ranked 70th. 1% more than Australia

Unemployment with secondary education, male > % of male unemployment 34.5%
Ranked 65th.
37.6%
Ranked 57th. 9% more than Australia

Unemployment with tertiary education, female > % of female unemployment 21.1%
Ranked 45th.
51.9%
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than Australia

Unemployment with tertiary education, male > % of male unemployment 17%
Ranked 34th.
42.2%
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than Australia

Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment 19%
Ranked 41st.
46.5%
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than Australia

Researchers in R&D > Per million people 4,293.93
Ranked 11th.
4,673.21
Ranked 8th. 9% more than Australia

Children out of school > Primary per 1000 3.83
Ranked 67th.
5.54
Ranked 58th. 45% more than Australia

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000 51.51
Ranked 9th.
57.75
Ranked 4th. 12% more than Australia

Scientific and technical journal articles per million 794.61
Ranked 8th. 9% more than United States
728.12
Ranked 13th.

Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000 98.4
Ranked 106th. 14% more than United States
86.39
Ranked 118th.

Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000 127.91
Ranked 15th. 54% more than United States
82.94
Ranked 90th.

Secondary education > Teachers per 1000 6.42
Ranked 34th. 16% more than United States
5.52
Ranked 66th.

Secondary education > General pupils per 1000 71.95
Ranked 76th.
82.6
Ranked 48th. 15% more than Australia

Primary education > Teachers per 1000 5.57
Ranked 41st.
5.9
Ranked 45th. 6% more than Australia

Primary education > Pupils per 1000 96.12
Ranked 99th. 15% more than United States
83.88
Ranked 115th.

Children out of school > Primary > Male per 1000 2.08
Ranked 64th. 3% more than United States
2.03
Ranked 66th.

Public spending on education > Total > % of government expenditure 13.32%
Ranked 54th.
15.25%
Ranked 31st. 14% more than Australia

Proportion of primary education time spent in physical education 9 12
Proportion of 19 year olds in tertiary education 34%
Ranked 8th.
41%
Ranked 3rd. 21% more than Australia
Outcomes > Tertiary attainment > Tertiary attainment for age group 55-64 26.26%
Ranked 6th.
37.67%
Ranked 1st. 43% more than Australia
Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD 2.01%
Ranked 12th.
2.68%
Ranked 7th. 33% more than Australia
Services, etc., value added > Current US$ per capita $43,964.38
Ranked 2nd. 19% more than United States
$36,945.6
Ranked 5th.

Services, etc., value added > Current US$, % of GDP 65.58%
Ranked 11th.
76.79%
Ranked 5th. 17% more than Australia

Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita $24,308.11
Ranked 3rd.
$33,005.49
Ranked 3rd. 36% more than Australia

Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP 36.26%
Ranked 43th.
68.6%
Ranked 6th. 89% more than Australia

Services, etc., value added > Constant LCU per capita 41,084.97
Ranked 37th. 14% more than United States
36,028.94
Ranked 52nd.

Primary teacher salary > Starting per 1000 $1.36
Ranked 13th. 15 times more than United States
$0.0921
Ranked 22nd.
Primary education, pupils per 1000 91.48
Ranked 85th. 17% more than United States
78.41
Ranked 97th.

Primary education, teachers per 1000 5.57
Ranked 46th. 2% more than United States
5.49
Ranked 49th.

Children out of school, primary per 1000 3.06
Ranked 68th.
5.64
Ranked 47th. 84% more than Australia

Children out of school, primary, female per 1000 1.32
Ranked 67th.
2.5
Ranked 48th. 89% more than Australia

Children out of school, primary, male per 1000 1.74
Ranked 61st.
3.14
Ranked 43th. 80% more than Australia

Secondary education, pupils per 1000 104.3
Ranked 25th. 34% more than United States
77.71
Ranked 76th.

Secondary education, vocational pupils per 1000 35.22
Ranked 3rd.
0.0
Ranked 96th.

Secondary education, teachers per 1000 5.95
Ranked 28th. 11% more than United States
5.36
Ranked 56th.

Secondary education, teachers, female per 1000 3.01
Ranked 23th.
3.28
Ranked 51st. 9% more than Australia

Education spending > % of GDP 4.9%
Ranked 61st.
5.7%
Ranked 38th. 16% more than Australia
Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level > Men 97%
Ranked 42nd. 4% more than United States
93%
Ranked 66th.

Girls to boys ratio > Tertiary level enrolment 1.25
Ranked 37th.
1.4
Ranked 22nd. 12% more than Australia

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Tertiary level 54%
Ranked 54th.
56.64%
Ranked 34th. 5% more than Australia

School enrollment > Primary > Male > % net 95.53% net
Ranked 40th. 1% more than United States
94.25% net
Ranked 51st.

School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % gross 145.42% gross
Ranked 1st. 52% more than United States
95.47% gross
Ranked 47th.

Unemployment with primary education > Female > % of female unemployment 45.5%
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than United States
17.3%
Ranked 42nd.

Scientific and technical journal articles 15,809
Ranked 10th.
211,233
Ranked 1st. 13 times more than Australia

Literacy > Adults at moderate literacy level 37.7%
Ranked 8th. 20% more than United States
31.4%
Ranked 13th.
Literacy > Adults at low literacy level 44.8%
Ranked 9th.
49.6%
Ranked 7th. 11% more than Australia
Share of university qualifications awarded to females 57%
Ranked 13th. The same as United States
57%
Ranked 12th.
Duration of compulsory education 11 years
Ranked 29th.
12 years
Ranked 10th. 9% more than Australia
Total expenditure as % of GDP 6% of GDP
Ranked 6th.
7% of GDP
Ranked 1st. 17% more than Australia
Student attitude > Find school boring 60%
Ranked 3rd.
61%
Ranked 2nd. 2% more than Australia
Secondary education, general pupils per 1000 69.08
Ranked 73th.
77.71
Ranked 47th. 13% more than Australia

Expenditure per student > Secondary > % of GDP per capita 14.38%
Ranked 62nd.
25.85%
Ranked 24th. 80% more than Australia

Girls to boys ratio > Secondary level enrolment 0.95
Ranked 97th.
1.02
Ranked 54th. 7% more than Australia

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Primary level 48.61%
Ranked 69th.
48.86%
Ranked 40th. 1% more than Australia

Secondary education, duration > Years 6
Ranked 144th. The same as United States
6
Ranked 102nd.

Children out of school > Primary 77,047
Ranked 37th.
1.62 million
Ranked 2nd. 21 times more than Australia

Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary 17.88
Ranked 114th. 26% more than United States
14.21
Ranked 120th.

Adjusted savings > Education expenditure > % of GNI 4.76% of GNI
Ranked 60th.
4.79% of GNI
Ranked 58th. 1% more than Australia

Public spending on education > Total > % of GDP 4.76%
Ranked 59th.
5.85%
Ranked 34th. 23% more than Australia

Education enrolment by level > Primary level 1.93 million
Ranked 57th.
24.85 million
Ranked 4th. 13 times more than Australia

Education expenditure of government > As percentage of GNI 4.9%
Ranked 52nd.
5.9%
Ranked 23th. 20% more than Australia

Education expenditure of government > As percentage of total government 13.3%
Ranked 56th.
15.3%
Ranked 38th. 15% more than Australia

Unemployment with primary education > % of total unemployment 48.3%
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than United States
18.4%
Ranked 49th.

Unemployment with secondary education > % of total unemployment 32.7%
Ranked 30th.
34.3%
Ranked 47th. 5% more than Australia

School enrollment > Tertiary > % gross 72.21% gross
Ranked 12th.
82.44% gross
Ranked 5th. 14% more than Australia

Expenditure per student > Primary > % of GDP per capita 16.41%
Ranked 43th.
21.51%
Ranked 20th. 31% more than Australia