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Country vs country: Democratic Republic of the Congo and Japan compared: Environment

Definitions

  • Acidification: Percentage of country with acidification excedence
    Units: Percent of Land Area
    Units: From a map of acidification excedence, all areas at risk within each country were added together in order to calculate the percentage of the entire country at risk of excedence. See pages 21-22 of the 2001 ESI report for more details on how the acidification excedence map was produced.
  • Areas under protection: Protected Areas under IUCN management categories I - VI (1992-2003)
  • Biodiversity richness: Caldecott, J.O., M.D. Jenkins, T. Johnson and B. Groombridge. 1994. Priorities for Conserving Global Species Richness and Endemism. In World Conservation Monitoring Centre, Biodiversity Series No. 3 (N. Mark Collins, ed.) pp. 17. World Conservation Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • CO2 Emissions: CO2: Total Emissions (excluding land-use) Units: thousand metric tonnes of carbon dioxide
  • CO2 emissions > Kt: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • Carbon efficiency: Carbon economic efficiency (CO2 emissions per dollar GDP)
    Units: Metric Tons/US Dollar GDP
  • Current issues: This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry:
  • Ecological footprint: Ecological footprint per capita
    Units: Hectares per Person
  • Endangered species protection: Percent of CITES reporting requirements met
    Units: Percent of Requirements Met
    Units: Countries that have not ratified the CITES convention are recorded as having zero percent of their requirements met.
  • Known mammal species: Known mammal species (1992-2002).
  • Marine fish catch: Total marine fish catch
    Units: Metric Tons
  • Protected area: Environmentally protected area (1997)
  • Threatened species: Number of Threatened Species (1990-99)
  • Water > Availability: Water availability per capita (1961-1990 (avg.))
    Units: Thousands Cubic Meters/Person
    Units: This variable measures internal renewable water (average annual surface runoff and groundwater recharge generated from endogenous precipitation)
  • Wildness: Percent of land area having very low anthropogenic impact
    Units: Percent of Land Area
    Units: Global grids for population (GPW), land use (USGS AVHRR based classification from EROS data center), VMAP roads, VMAP railways, VMAP coastlines, VMAP major rivers and the stable lights data were all scored for "wildness". The scores were aggregated and normalized.
  • Pollution > Carbon dioxide 1999: 1999 total CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel burning, cement production, and gas flaring. Emissions are expressed in thousand metric tons of carbon (not CO2).
  • Known breeding bird species: Known breeding bird mammal species (1992-2002).
  • Biosphere > Reserves area: Biosphere reserves area 2002.
  • Threatened species > Mammal: Number of threatened mammal species (1997)
  • Urban SO2 concentration: Urban SO2 concentration
    Units: Micrograms/m3
    Units: The values were originally collected at the city level. Each nation varied in terms of the number of cities reported, so this data should be used with some caution. Within each country the values have been normalized by city population for the year 1995, then added together to obtain the total concentration for the given country.
  • Biodiversity > Number: GEF benefits index for biodiversity is a composite index of relative biodiversity potential for each country based on the species represented in each country, their threat status, and the diversity of habitat types in each country. The index has been normalized so that values run from 0 (no biodiversity potential) to 100 (maximum biodiversity potential)."
  • Water > Dissolved oxygen concentration: Dissolved oxygen concentration
    Units: Milligrams/Liter
    Units: The country values represent averages of the station-level values for the three year time period 1994-96, exceptwhere data were only available for an earlier time period (1988-1993). The number of stations per country varies depending on country size; number of bodies of water; and level of participation in the GEMS monitoring system. The data from "The Wellbeing of Nations" included a smaller subset of stations representing outfalls of major watersheds. An analysis of a sample of countries with numerous stations found that the data for stations in the subset is broadly comparable to the data for all GEMS stations in those countries.
  • Breeding birds threatened: Percentage of breeding birds threatened
    Units: Percent of Breeding Birds
    Units: The number of bird species threatened divided by known bird species in the country, expressed as a percentage.
  • Urban NO2 concentration: Urban NO2 concentration
    Units: Micrograms/m3
    Units: The values were originally collected at the city level. Each nation varied in terms of the number of cities reported, so this data should be used with some caution. Within each country the values have been normalized by city population for the year 1995, then added together to obtain the total concentration for the given country.
  • Water > Salinisation: Electrical conductivity
    Units: Micro-Siemens/Centimeter
    Units: The country values represent averages of the station-level values for the three year time period 1994-96, except where data were only available for an earlier time period (1988-1993). The number of stations per country varies depending on country size; number of water bodies; and level of participation in the GEMS monitoring system.
  • Fertiliser > Consumption: Fertilizer consumption per hectare of arable land
    Units: Hundreds Grams/Hectare of Arable Land
  • Water > Phosphorus concentration: Phosphorus concentration
    Units: Milligrams/Liter
    Units: The country values represent averages of the station-level values for the three year time period 1994-96, except where data were only available for an earlier time period (1988-1993). The number of stations per country varies depending on country size; number of bodies of water; and level of participation in the GEMS monitoring system. The data from "The Wellbeing of Nations" included a smaller subset of stations representing outfalls of major watersheds. An analysis of a sample of countries with numerous stations found that the data for stations in the subset is broadly comparable to the data for all GEMS stations in those countries.
  • Water > Suspended solids: Suspended solids
    Units: Natural Log of Milligrams/Liter
    Units: The country values represent averages of the station-level values for the three year time period 1994-96, exceptwhere data were only available for an earlier time period (1988-1993). The number of stations per country varies depending on country size; number of bodies of water; and level of participation in the GEMS monitoring system. Data from "The Wellbeing of Nations" included a smaller subset of stations representing outfalls of majorwatersheds. An analysis of a sample of countries with numerous stations found that the data for stations in the subset is broadly comparable to the data for all GEMS stations in those countries. The data in this table was transformed using the natural logarithm.
  • Marine areas under protection: Protected marine areas under IUCN management categories I - VI (1992-2003)
  • Emissions > Methane emissions > Kt of CO2 equivalent: Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production.
  • Emissions > Nitrous oxide emissions > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent: Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management."
  • Emissions > PM10 > Country level > Micrograms per cubic meter: Particulate matter concentrations refer to fine suspended particulates less than 10 microns in diameter (PM10) that are capable of penetrating deep into the respiratory tract and causing significant health damage. Data for countries and aggregates for regions and income groups are urban-population weighted PM10 levels in residential areas of cities with more than 100,000 residents. The estimates represent the average annual exposure level of the average urban resident to outdoor particulate matter. The state of a country's technology and pollution controls is an important determinant of particulate matter concentrations."
  • Endangered species > Bird species: Birds are listed for countries included within their breeding or wintering ranges. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known."
  • Endangered species > Higher plant species > Number: Higher plants are native vascular plant species. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known."
  • Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Agriculture > % of total freshwater withdrawal: Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for agriculture are total withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production. Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002."
  • Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Domestic > % of total freshwater withdrawal: Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for domestic uses include drinking water, municipal use or supply, and use for public services, commercial establishments, and homes. Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002."
  • Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Industry > % of total freshwater withdrawal: Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for industry are total withdrawals for direct industrial use (including withdrawals for cooling thermoelectric plants). Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002."
  • Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Total > % of internal resources: Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for agriculture and industry are total withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production and for direct industrial use (including withdrawals for cooling thermoelectric plants). Withdrawals for domestic uses include drinking water, municipal use or supply, and use for public services, commercial establishments, and homes. Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002."
  • Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Total > Billion cubic meters: Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for agriculture and industry are total withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production and for direct industrial use (including withdrawals for cooling thermoelectric plants). Withdrawals for domestic uses include drinking water, municipal use or supply, and use for public services, commercial establishments, and homes. Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002."
  • Freshwater > Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country. Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita are calculated using the World Bank's population estimates.
  • Freshwater > Renewable internal freshwater resources > Total > Billion cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country.
  • Emissions > Other greenhouse gas emissions > HFC > PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent: Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride."
  • Biodiversity > Mammal species, threatened: Mammal species, threatened. Mammal species are mammals excluding whales and porpoises. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > Kt: CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > % of total: CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 US$ of GDP: CO2 emissions (kg per 2000 US$ of GDP). Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kt: CO2 emissions (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > Kt: CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > % of total: CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions > Metric tons per capita: CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita). Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > Kt: CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > % of total: CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total). Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.
  • Climate change > Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent: Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent). Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride.
  • Pollution > PM10, country level > Micrograms per cubic meter: PM10, country level (micrograms per cubic meter). Particulate matter concentrations refer to fine suspended particulates less than 10 microns in diameter (PM10) that are capable of penetrating deep into the respiratory tract and causing significant health damage. Data for countries and aggregates for regions and income groups are urban-population weighted PM10 levels in residential areas of cities with more than 100,000 residents. The estimates represent the average annual exposure level of the average urban resident to outdoor particulate matter. The state of a country's technology and pollution controls is an important determinant of particulate matter concentrations.
  • Climate change > GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF > Mt of CO2 equivalent: GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent). GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF refers to changes in atmospheric levels of all greenhouse gases attributable to forest and land-use change activities, including but not limited to (1) emissions and removals of CO2 from decreases or increases in biomass stocks due to forest management, logging, fuelwood collection, etc.; (2) conversion of existing forests and natural grasslands to other land uses; (3) removal of CO2 from the abandonment of formerly managed lands (e.g. croplands and pastures); and (4) emissions and removals of CO2 in soil associated with land-use change and management. For Annex-I countries under the UNFCCC, these data are drawn from the annual GHG inventories submitted to the UNFCCC by each country; for non-Annex-I countries, data are drawn from the most recently submitted National Communication where available. Because of differences in reporting years and methodologies, these data are not generally considered comparable across countries. Data are in million metric tons.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services contains all emissions from fuel combustion in households. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 4 b. Commercial and public services includes emissions from all activities of ISIC Divisions 41, 50-52, 55, 63-67, 70-75, 80, 85, 90-93 and 99.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > % of total fuel combustion: CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services (% of total fuel combustion). CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services contains all emissions from fuel combustion in households. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 4 b. Commercial and public services includes emissions from all activities of ISIC Divisions 41, 50-52, 55, 63-67, 70-75, 80, 85, 90-93 and 99.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production is the sum of three IEA categories of CO2 emissions: (1) Main Activity Producer Electricity and Heat which contains the sum of emissions from main activity producer electricity generation, combined heat and power generation and heat plants. Main activity producers (formerly known as public utilities) are defined as those undertakings whose primary activity is to supply the public. They may be publicly or privately owned. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 1 a. For the CO2 emissions from fuel combustion (summary) file, emissions from own on-site use of fuel in power plants (EPOWERPLT) are also included. (2) Unallocated Autoproducers which contains the emissions from the generation of electricity and/or heat by autoproducers. Autoproducers are defined as undertakings that generate electricity and/or heat, wholly or partly for their own use as an activity which supports their primary activity. They may be privately or publicly owned. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, these emissions would normally be distributed between industry, transport and "other" sectors. (3) Other Energy Industries contains emissions from fuel combusted in petroleum refineries, for the manufacture of solid fuels, coal mining, oil and gas extraction and other energy-producing industries. This corresponds to the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 1 b and 1 A 1 c. According to the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, emissions from coke inputs to blast furnaces can either be counted here or in the Industrial Processes source/sink category. Within detailed sectoral calculations, certain non-energy processes can be distinguished. In the reduction of iron in a blast furnace through the combustion of coke, the primary purpose of the coke oxidation is to produce pig iron and the emissions can be considered as an industrial process. Care must be taken not to double count these emissions in both Energy and Industrial Processes. In the IEA estimations, these emissions have been included in this category.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > % of total fuel combustion: CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total (% of total fuel combustion). CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production is the sum of three IEA categories of CO2 emissions: (1) Main Activity Producer Electricity and Heat which contains the sum of emissions from main activity producer electricity generation, combined heat and power generation and heat plants. Main activity producers (formerly known as public utilities) are defined as those undertakings whose primary activity is to supply the public. They may be publicly or privately owned. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 1 a. For the CO2 emissions from fuel combustion (summary) file, emissions from own on-site use of fuel in power plants (EPOWERPLT) are also included. (2) Unallocated Autoproducers which contains the emissions from the generation of electricity and/or heat by autoproducers. Autoproducers are defined as undertakings that generate electricity and/or heat, wholly or partly for their own use as an activity which supports their primary activity. They may be privately or publicly owned. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, these emissions would normally be distributed between industry, transport and "other" sectors. (3) Other Energy Industries contains emissions from fuel combusted in petroleum refineries, for the manufacture of solid fuels, coal mining, oil and gas extraction and other energy-producing industries. This corresponds to the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 1 b and 1 A 1 c. According to the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, emissions from coke inputs to blast furnaces can either be counted here or in the Industrial Processes source/sink category. Within detailed sectoral calculations, certain non-energy processes can be distinguished. In the reduction of iron in a blast furnace through the combustion of coke, the primary purpose of the coke oxidation is to produce pig iron and the emissions can be considered as an industrial process. Care must be taken not to double count these emissions in both Energy and Industrial Processes. In the IEA estimations, these emissions have been included in this category.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from other sectors, less residential buildings and commercial and public services, contains the emissions from commercial/institutional activities, residential, agriculture/forestry, fishing and other emissions not specified elsewhere that are included in the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 4 and 1 A 5. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, the category also includes emissions from autoproducers in the commercial/residential/agricultural sectors that generate electricity and/or heat. The IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the energy consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers).
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services > % of total fuel combustion: CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services (% of total fuel combustion). CO2 emissions from other sectors, less residential buildings and commercial and public services, contains the emissions from commercial/institutional activities, residential, agriculture/forestry, fishing and other emissions not specified elsewhere that are included in the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 4 and 1 A 5. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, the category also includes emissions from autoproducers in the commercial/residential/agricultural sectors that generate electricity and/or heat. The IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the energy consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers).
  • Biodiversity > GEF benefits index for biodiversity > 0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum: GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum). GEF benefits index for biodiversity is a composite index of relative biodiversity potential for each country based on the species represented in each country, their threat status, and the diversity of habitat types in each country. The index has been normalized so that values run from 0 (no biodiversity potential) to 100 (maximum biodiversity potential).
  • Marine protected areas > % of territorial waters: Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters). Marine protected areas are areas of intertidal or subtidal terrain--and overlying water and associated flora and fauna and historical and cultural features--that have been reserved by law or other effective means to protect part or all of the enclosed environment.
  • International agreements > Signed but not ratified: The various international environmental agreements which a country has signed but not ratified. Agreements are listed in alphabetical order by the abbreviated form of the full name.
  • Biodiversity and protected areas > Marine protected areas > % of total surface area: Marine protected areas are areas of intertidal or subtidal terrain--and overlying water and associated flora and fauna and historical and cultural features--that have been reserved by law or other effective means to protect part or all of the enclosed environment.
  • Biodiversity and protected areas > Marine protected areas > Number: Marine protected areas are areas of intertidal or subtidal terrain--and overlying water and associated flora and fauna and historical and cultural features--that have been reserved by law or other effective means to protect part or all of the enclosed environment.
  • Biodiversity and protected areas > Terrestrial protected areas > % of total surface area: Terrestrial protected areas are those officially documented by national authorities.
  • Biodiversity and protected areas > Terrestrial protected areas > Number: Terrestrial protected areas are those officially documented by national authorities.
  • Endangered species > Fish species > Number: Fish species are based on Froese, R. and Pauly, D. (eds). 2008. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known."
  • Endangered species > Mammal species > Number: Mammal species are mammals excluding whales and porpoises. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known."
  • Biodiversity > Bird species, threatened: Bird species, threatened. Birds are listed for countries included within their breeding or wintering ranges. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.
  • Biodiversity > Fish species, threatened: Fish species, threatened. Fish species are based on Froese, R. and Pauly, D. (eds). 2008. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.
  • Biodiversity > Plant species > Higher, threatened: Plant species (higher), threatened. Higher plants are native vascular plant species. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.
  • CO2 Emissions per 1000: CO2: Total Emissions (excluding land-use) Units: thousand metric tonnes of carbon dioxide. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Areas under protection per million: Protected Areas under IUCN management categories I - VI (1992-2003). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Pollution > Carbon dioxide 1999 per 1000: 1999 total CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel burning, cement production, and gas flaring. Emissions are expressed in thousand metric tons of carbon (not CO2). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Known mammal species per million: Known mammal species (1992-2002). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Known breeding bird species per million: Known breeding bird mammal species (1992-2002). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Adjusted net national income > Current US$: Adjusted net national income (current US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion.
  • Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$: Adjusted net national income (constant 2000 US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion.
  • Natural gas rents > % of GDP: Natural gas rents (% of GDP). Natural gas rents are the difference between the value of natural gas production at world prices and total costs of production.
  • Freshwater > Withdrawal per million: . Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Total renewable water resources per million: . Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Biosphere > Reserves area per million: Biosphere reserves area 2002. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Wetlands of intl importance > Area per million: Wetlands of international importance 2002. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Oil rents > % of GDP: Oil rents (% of GDP). Oil rents are the difference between the value of crude oil production at world prices and total costs of production.
  • Total natural resources rents > % of GDP: Total natural resources rents (% of GDP). Total natural resources rents are the sum of oil rents, natural gas rents, coal rents (hard and soft), mineral rents, and forest rents.
  • Marine areas under protection per million: Protected marine areas under IUCN management categories I - VI (1992-2003). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Forest area > Sq. km per 1000: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • CO2 emissions > Kt per 1000: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • NOx emissions per populated area: NOx emissions per populated land area
    Units: 1000 Metric Tons/Sq. Km. of Populated Land Area
    Units: We obtained the total emissions for each country by summarizing emissions data, originally available as a grid map with 1 degree x 1 degree cells. Air pollution is generally greatest in densely populated areas. To take this into account, we used the Gridded Population of the World dataset available from CIESIN and calculated the total land area in each country inhabited with a population density of greater than 5 persons per sq. km. We then used this land area as a denominator for the emissions data.
  • Water > Severe water stress: Percent of country's territory under severe water stress
    Units: Percent of Land Area
    Units: This data is derived from the WaterGap 2.1 gridded hydrological model developed by the Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, Germany. The modellers derived, for each country, grid cell by grid cell estimates of whether the water consumption exceeds 40 percent of the water available in that particular grid cell. These were then converted to land area equivalents in order to calculate the percentage of the territory under severe water stress.
  • Non-wildness: Percent of land area having very high anthropogenic impact
    Units: Percent of Land Area
    Units: Global grids for population (GPW), land use (USGS AVHRR based classification from EROS data center), VMAP roads, VMAP railways, VMAP coastlines, VMAP major rivers and the stable lights data were all scored for "wildness". The scores were aggregated and normalized.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > Kt per 1000: CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kt per 1000: CO2 emissions (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > Kt per 1000: CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > Kt per 1000: CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Climate change > Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent per million: Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent). Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Climate change > GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF > Mt of CO2 equivalent per million: GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent). GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF refers to changes in atmospheric levels of all greenhouse gases attributable to forest and land-use change activities, including but not limited to (1) emissions and removals of CO2 from decreases or increases in biomass stocks due to forest management, logging, fuelwood collection, etc.; (2) conversion of existing forests and natural grasslands to other land uses; (3) removal of CO2 from the abandonment of formerly managed lands (e.g. croplands and pastures); and (4) emissions and removals of CO2 in soil associated with land-use change and management. For Annex-I countries under the UNFCCC, these data are drawn from the annual GHG inventories submitted to the UNFCCC by each country; for non-Annex-I countries, data are drawn from the most recently submitted National Communication where available. Because of differences in reporting years and methodologies, these data are not generally considered comparable across countries. Data are in million metric tons. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons per million: CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services contains all emissions from fuel combustion in households. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 4 b. Commercial and public services includes emissions from all activities of ISIC Divisions 41, 50-52, 55, 63-67, 70-75, 80, 85, 90-93 and 99. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons per million: CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production is the sum of three IEA categories of CO2 emissions: (1) Main Activity Producer Electricity and Heat which contains the sum of emissions from main activity producer electricity generation, combined heat and power generation and heat plants. Main activity producers (formerly known as public utilities) are defined as those undertakings whose primary activity is to supply the public. They may be publicly or privately owned. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 1 a. For the CO2 emissions from fuel combustion (summary) file, emissions from own on-site use of fuel in power plants (EPOWERPLT) are also included. (2) Unallocated Autoproducers which contains the emissions from the generation of electricity and/or heat by autoproducers. Autoproducers are defined as undertakings that generate electricity and/or heat, wholly or partly for their own use as an activity which supports their primary activity. They may be privately or publicly owned. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, these emissions would normally be distributed between industry, transport and "other" sectors. (3) Other Energy Industries contains emissions from fuel combusted in petroleum refineries, for the manufacture of solid fuels, coal mining, oil and gas extraction and other energy-producing industries. This corresponds to the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 1 b and 1 A 1 c. According to the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, emissions from coke inputs to blast furnaces can either be counted here or in the Industrial Processes source/sink category. Within detailed sectoral calculations, certain non-energy processes can be distinguished. In the reduction of iron in a blast furnace through the combustion of coke, the primary purpose of the coke oxidation is to produce pig iron and the emissions can be considered as an industrial process. Care must be taken not to double count these emissions in both Energy and Industrial Processes. In the IEA estimations, these emissions have been included in this category. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Biodiversity > GEF benefits index for biodiversity > 0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum per million: GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum). GEF benefits index for biodiversity is a composite index of relative biodiversity potential for each country based on the species represented in each country, their threat status, and the diversity of habitat types in each country. The index has been normalized so that values run from 0 (no biodiversity potential) to 100 (maximum biodiversity potential). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Adjusted net national income > Current US$, % of GDP: Adjusted net national income (current US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Marine fish catch per 1000: Total marine fish catch
    Units: Metric Tons. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$ per capita: Adjusted net national income (constant 2000 US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP: Adjusted net national income (constant 2000 US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • SO2 emissions per populated area: SO2 emissions per populated land area
    Units: 1000 Metric Tons/Sq. Km. of Populated Land Area
    Units: We obtained the total emissions for each country by summarizing emissions data, originally available as a grid map with 1 degree x 1 degree cells. Air pollution is generally greatest in densely populated areas. To take this into account, we used the Gridded Population of the World dataset available from CIESIN and calculated the total land area in each country inhabited with a population density of greater than 5 persons per sq. km. We then used this land area as a denominator for the emissions data.
  • Wetlands of intl importance > Area: Wetlands of international importance 2002
  • Adjusted net national income > Current US$ per capita: Adjusted net national income (current US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Forest area > % of land area: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not.
  • Forest area > Sq. km: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not.
  • Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > % of GNI: Particulate emissions damage is calculated as the willingness to pay to avoid mortality attributable to particulate emissions.
  • Adjusted savings > Carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI: Carbon dioxide damage is estimated to be $20 per ton of carbon (the unit damage in 1995 U.S. dollars) times the number of tons of carbon emitted.
  • PM10 > Country level > Micrograms per cubic meter: Particulate matter concentrations refer to fine suspended particulates less than 10 microns in diameter (PM10) that are capable of penetrating deep into the respiratory tract and causing significant health damage. Data for countries and aggregates for regions and income groups are urban-population weighted PM10 levels in residential areas of cities with more than 100,000 residents. The estimates represent the average annual exposure level of the average urban resident to outdoor particulate matter. The state of a countryÂ’s technology and pollution controls is an important determinant of particulate matter concentrations.
  • CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 PPP $ of GDP: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • CO2 emissions > Kt > Per capita: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Forest area > Sq. km > Per capita: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Excluding particulate emission damage > % of GNI: Adjusted net savings are equal to net national savings plus education expenditure and minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net forest depletion, and carbon dioxide. This series excludes particulate emissions damage."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Excluding particulate emission damage > Current US$: Adjusted net savings are equal to net national savings plus education expenditure and minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net forest depletion, and carbon dioxide. This series excludes particulate emissions damage."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Including particulate emission damage > % of GNI: Adjusted net savings are equal to net national savings plus education expenditure and minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net forest depletion, and carbon dioxide and particulate emissions damage."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Including particulate emission damage > Current US$: Adjusted net savings are equal to net national savings plus education expenditure and minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net forest depletion, and carbon dioxide and particulate emissions damage."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI: Carbon dioxide damage is estimated to be $20 per ton of carbon (the unit damage in 1995 U.S. dollars) times the number of tons of carbon emitted.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Consumption of fixed capital > % of GNI: Consumption of fixed capital represents the replacement value of capital used up in the process of production.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Consumption of fixed capital > Current US$: Consumption of fixed capital represents the replacement value of capital used up in the process of production.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Energy depletion > % of GNI: Energy depletion is equal to the product of unit resource rents and the physical quantities of energy extracted. It covers crude oil, natural gas, and coal."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Energy depletion > Current US$: Energy depletion is equal to the product of unit resource rents and the physical quantities of energy extracted. It covers crude oil, natural gas, and coal."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Gross savings > % of GNI: Gross savings are the difference between gross national income and public and private consumption, plus net current transfers."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Mineral depletion > % of GNI: Mineral depletion is equal to the product of unit resource rents and the physical quantities of minerals extracted. It refers to bauxite, copper, iron, lead, nickel, phosphate, tin, zinc, gold, and silver."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Mineral depletion > Current US$: Mineral depletion is equal to the product of unit resource rents and the physical quantities of minerals extracted. It refers to bauxite, copper, iron, lead, nickel, phosphate, tin, zinc, gold, and silver."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net forest depletion > % of GNI: Net forest depletion is calculated as the product of unit resource rents and the excess of roundwood harvest over natural growth.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net forest depletion > Current US$: Net forest depletion is calculated as the product of unit resource rents and the excess of roundwood harvest over natural growth.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net national savings > % of GNI: Net national savings are equal to gross national savings less the value of consumption of fixed capital.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net national savings > Current US$: Net national savings are equal to gross national savings less the value of consumption of fixed capital.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > % of GNI: Particulate emissions damage is calculated as the willingness to pay to avoid mortality attributable to particulate emissions.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > Current US$: Particulate emissions damage is calculated as the willingness to pay to avoid mortality attributable to particulate emissions.
  • Emissions > Agricultural methane emissions > % of total: Agricultural methane emissions are emissions from animals, animal waste, rice production, agricultural waste burning (nonenergy, on-site), and savannah burning."
  • Emissions > Agricultural nitrous oxide emissions > % of total: Agricultural nitrous oxide emissions are emissions produced through fertilizer use (synthetic and animal manure), animal waste management, agricultural waste burning (nonenergy, on-site), and savannah burning."
  • Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 US$ of GDP: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring."
  • Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2005 PPP $ of GDP: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring."
  • Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per PPP $ of GDP: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring."
  • Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kt: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring."
  • Emissions > CO2 emissions > Metric tons per capita: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring."
  • Emissions > CO2 intensity > Kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use: Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.
  • Emissions > Industrial methane emissions > % of total: Industrial methane emissions are emissions from the handling, transmission, and combustion of fossil fuels and biofuels."
STAT Democratic Republic of the Congo Japan HISTORY
Acidification 0.0
Ranked 55th.
10.99%
Ranked 26th.
Areas under protection 12
Ranked 105th.
96
Ranked 45th. 8 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Biodiversity richness 1
Ranked 47th.
3
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
CO2 Emissions 750
Ranked 140th.
1.22 million
Ranked 4th. 1633 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
CO2 emissions > Kt 1,787.54 kt
Ranked 140th.
1.23 million kt
Ranked 5th. 689 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Carbon efficiency 2.5 CO2 emissions/$ GDP
Ranked 25th. 3 times more than Japan
1 CO2 emissions/$ GDP
Ranked 80th.
Current issues poaching threatens wildlife populations; water pollution; deforestation; refugees responsible for significant deforestation, soil erosion, and wildlife poaching; mining of minerals (coltan - a mineral used in creating capacitors, diamonds, and gold) causing environmental damage air pollution from power plant emissions results in acid rain; acidification of lakes and reservoirs degrading water quality and threatening aquatic life; Japan is one of the largest consumers of fish and tropical timber, contributing to the depletion of these resources in Asia and elsewhere
Ecological footprint 1.15
Ranked 101st.
5.94
Ranked 20th. 5 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Endangered species protection 87.5%
Ranked 38th.
89.5%
Ranked 31st. 2% more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Known mammal species 200
Ranked 36th. 6% more than Japan
188
Ranked 46th.
Marine fish catch 17,866 tons
Ranked 79th.
3.96 million tons
Ranked 4th. 222 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Protected area 4.5%
Ranked 85th.
6.8%
Ranked 60th. 51% more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Threatened species 16
Ranked 108th.
132
Ranked 9th. 8 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Total renewable water resources 1,283 cu km
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Japan
430 cu km
Ranked 10th.
Water > Availability 53.89 thousand cubic metres
Ranked 8th. 21 times more than Japan
2.6 thousand cubic metres
Ranked 73th.
Freshwater > Withdrawal 0.36
Ranked 98th.
88.43
Ranked 5th. 246 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Wildness 71.62%
Ranked 9th. 1194 times more than Japan
0.06%
Ranked 104th.
Pollution > Carbon dioxide 1999 585
Ranked 125th.
315,274
Ranked 3rd. 539 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Known breeding bird species 130
Ranked 124th.
210
Ranked 66th. 62% more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Biosphere > Reserves area 246 thousand hectares
Ranked 56th. 2 times more than Japan
116 thousand hectares
Ranked 66th.
Threatened species > Mammal 10
Ranked 81st.
29
Ranked 24th. 3 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Urban SO2 concentration 65.76 micrograms/m3
Ranked 49th. 3 times more than Japan
24.33 micrograms/m3
Ranked 97th.
Biodiversity > Number 19.95
Ranked 20th.
35.96
Ranked 9th. 80% more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Water > Dissolved oxygen concentration 9.15 mls/litre
Ranked 36th.
10.18 mls/litre
Ranked 20th. 11% more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Breeding birds threatened 0.67%
Ranked 125th.
12.8%
Ranked 9th. 19 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Urban NO2 concentration 67.23 micrograms/m3
Ranked 27th. 8% more than Japan
62.01 micrograms/m3
Ranked 39th.
Water > Salinisation 1,153.53
Ranked 34th. 6 times more than Japan
179.29
Ranked 124th.
Freshwater > Withdrawal > Industrial 17%
Ranked 25th.
18%
Ranked 21st. 6% more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Freshwater > Withdrawal > Domestic 53%
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Japan
20%
Ranked 46th.
Fertiliser > Consumption 289.02 hundred grams/hectare
Ranked 93th.
3,131.2 hundred grams/hectare
Ranked 19th. 11 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Freshwater > Withdrawal > Agricultural 31%
Ranked 111th.
62%
Ranked 86th. Twice as much as Democratic Republic of the Congo
Water > Phosphorus concentration 0.21 mls/litre
Ranked 95th. 4 times more than Japan
0.06 mls/litre
Ranked 131st.
Water > Suspended solids 5.55 mls/litre
Ranked 56th. 70% more than Japan
3.27 mls/litre
Ranked 120th.
Marine areas under protection 1
Ranked 84th.
19
Ranked 20th. 19 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Emissions > Methane emissions > Kt of CO2 equivalent 5,750
Ranked 83th.
53,480
Ranked 26th. 9 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Emissions > Nitrous oxide emissions > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent 2,250
Ranked 101st.
23,590
Ranked 35th. 10 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Emissions > PM10 > Country level > Micrograms per cubic meter 46.76
Ranked 56th. 58% more than Japan
29.64
Ranked 106th.

Endangered species > Bird species 31
Ranked 27th.
40
Ranked 18th. 29% more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Endangered species > Higher plant species > Number 65
Ranked 37th. 5 times more than Japan
12
Ranked 83th.

Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Agriculture > % of total freshwater withdrawal 30.56%
Ranked 113th.
62.46%
Ranked 83th. 2 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Domestic > % of total freshwater withdrawal 52.78%
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than Japan
19.68%
Ranked 53th.

Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Industry > % of total freshwater withdrawal 16.67%
Ranked 45th.
17.87%
Ranked 42nd. 7% more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Total > % of internal resources 0.04%
Ranked 146th.
20.57%
Ranked 54th. 514 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Total > Billion cubic meters 0.36
Ranked 105th.
88.43
Ranked 6th. 246 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Freshwater > Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters 14,006.34
Ranked 42nd. 4 times more than Japan
3,367.16
Ranked 79th.

Freshwater > Renewable internal freshwater resources > Total > Billion cubic meters 900
Ranked 11th. 2 times more than Japan
430
Ranked 20th.

Emissions > Other greenhouse gas emissions > HFC > PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent 0.0
Ranked 89th.
70,570
Ranked 4th.

Biodiversity > Mammal species, threatened 30
Ranked 30th. 11% more than Japan
27
Ranked 33th.
Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > Kt 14.67
Ranked 112th.
197,057.25
Ranked 5th. 13435 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > % of total 0.483%
Ranked 112th.
16.83%
Ranked 72nd. 35 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 US$ of GDP $0.322
Ranked 139th. 28% more than Japan
$0.252
Ranked 156th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kt 3,039.94
Ranked 131st.
1.17 million
Ranked 6th. 385 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > Kt 1,727.16
Ranked 136th.
511,993.87
Ranked 4th. 296 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > % of total 56.82%
Ranked 117th. 30% more than Japan
43.73%
Ranked 141st.

Climate change > CO2 emissions > Metric tons per capita 0.0489
Ranked 194th.
9.19
Ranked 32nd. 188 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > Kt 1,246.78
Ranked 75th.
435,965.96
Ranked 6th. 350 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > % of total 41.01%
Ranked 26th. 10% more than Japan
37.24%
Ranked 31st.

Climate change > Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent 0.0
Ranked 108th.
70,793
Ranked 4th.

Pollution > PM10, country level > Micrograms per cubic meter 35.22
Ranked 64th. 46% more than Japan
24.07
Ranked 105th.

Climate change > GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF > Mt of CO2 equivalent -178.779
Ranked 43th. 2 times more than Japan
-71.523
Ranked 37th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons 0.35
Ranked 110th.
150.19
Ranked 4th. 429 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > % of total fuel combustion 10.7%
Ranked 42nd.
12.66%
Ranked 37th. 18% more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons 0.03
Ranked 132nd.
561.21
Ranked 6th. 18707 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > % of total fuel combustion 0.917%
Ranked 133th.
47.32%
Ranked 42nd. 52 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Climate change > CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons 0.0
Ranked 119th.
10.21
Ranked 14th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services > % of total fuel combustion 0.0
Ranked 119th.
0.861%
Ranked 101st.

Biodiversity > GEF benefits index for biodiversity > 0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum 19.95
Ranked 20th.
35.96
Ranked 9th. 80% more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Marine protected areas > % of territorial waters 29.15%
Ranked 21st.
29.97%
Ranked 20th. 3% more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

International agreements > Signed but not ratified Environmental Modification none of the selected agreements
Biodiversity and protected areas > Marine protected areas > % of total surface area 1.77%
Ranked 61st.
5.19%
Ranked 30th. 3 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Biodiversity and protected areas > Marine protected areas > Number 1
Ranked 129th.
135
Ranked 10th. 135 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Biodiversity and protected areas > Terrestrial protected areas > % of total surface area 12.21%
Ranked 88th.
14.12%
Ranked 82nd. 16% more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Biodiversity and protected areas > Terrestrial protected areas > Number 66
Ranked 82nd.
216
Ranked 50th. 3 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Endangered species > Fish species > Number 25
Ranked 45th.
40
Ranked 22nd. 60% more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Endangered species > Mammal species > Number 29
Ranked 30th. 7% more than Japan
27
Ranked 32nd.
Biodiversity > Bird species, threatened 35
Ranked 25th.
40
Ranked 22nd. 14% more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Biodiversity > Fish species, threatened 84
Ranked 13th. 27% more than Japan
66
Ranked 23th.
Biodiversity > Plant species > Higher, threatened 93
Ranked 35th. 5 times more than Japan
17
Ranked 85th.
CO2 Emissions per 1000 0.0147
Ranked 173th.
9.59
Ranked 22nd. 652 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Areas under protection per million 0.235
Ranked 139th.
0.752
Ranked 113th. 3 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Pollution > Carbon dioxide 1999 per 1000 0.0127
Ranked 179th.
2.49
Ranked 28th. 195 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Known mammal species per million 4.04
Ranked 111th. 3 times more than Japan
1.48
Ranked 136th.
Known breeding bird species per million 2.63
Ranked 137th. 59% more than Japan
1.65
Ranked 141st.
Adjusted net national income > Current US$ $10.75 billion
Ranked 102nd.
$5.21 trillion
Ranked 4th. 485 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$ $7.05 billion
Ranked 59th.
$3.76 trillion
Ranked 3rd. 533 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Natural gas rents > % of GDP 0.0087%
Ranked 75th.
0.0104%
Ranked 73th. 19% more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Freshwater > Withdrawal per million 0.00767
Ranked 123th.
0.697
Ranked 36th. 91 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Total renewable water resources per million 26.64 cu km
Ranked 2nd. 8 times more than Japan
3.4 cu km
Ranked 13th.
Biosphere > Reserves area per million 4.97 thousand hectares
Ranked 67th. 5 times more than Japan
0.91 thousand hectares
Ranked 81st.
Wetlands of intl importance > Area per million 8.87 thousand hectares
Ranked 67th. 13 times more than Japan
0.659 thousand hectares
Ranked 99th.
Oil rents > % of GDP 4.39%
Ranked 34th. 1615 times more than Japan
0.00272%
Ranked 81st.

Total natural resources rents > % of GDP 35.23%
Ranked 19th. 970 times more than Japan
0.0363%
Ranked 156th.

Marine areas under protection per million 0.0196
Ranked 94th.
0.149
Ranked 73th. 8 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Forest area > Sq. km per 1000 24.73 km²
Ranked 26th. 13 times more than Japan
1.95 km²
Ranked 111th.

CO2 emissions > Kt per 1000 0.0351 kt
Ranked 186th.
9.64 kt
Ranked 29th. 275 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

NOx emissions per populated area 0.26 thousand metric tons/squ
Ranked 63th.
1.5 thousand metric tons/squ
Ranked 11th. 6 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Water > Severe water stress 0.0
Ranked 98th.
9.5
Ranked 62nd.
Non-wildness 0.25%
Ranked 122nd.
30.22%
Ranked 6th. 121 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > Kt per 1000 0.000236
Ranked 114th.
1.55
Ranked 45th. 6556 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kt per 1000 0.0489
Ranked 194th.
9.19
Ranked 32nd. 188 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > Kt per 1000 0.0278
Ranked 196th.
4.02
Ranked 36th. 145 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > Kt per 1000 0.02
Ranked 97th.
3.42
Ranked 18th. 171 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Climate change > Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent per million 0.0
Ranked 108th.
555.46
Ranked 8th.

Climate change > GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF > Mt of CO2 equivalent per million -3.507
Ranked 38th. 6 times more than Japan
-0.561
Ranked 17th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons per million 0.00547
Ranked 131st.
1.18
Ranked 15th. 215 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons per million 0.000469
Ranked 133th.
4.39
Ranked 25th. 9357 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Biodiversity > GEF benefits index for biodiversity > 0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum per million 0.339
Ranked 93th. 20% more than Japan
0.282
Ranked 99th.

Adjusted net national income > Current US$, % of GDP 68.71%
Ranked 134th.
88.44%
Ranked 28th. 29% more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Marine fish catch per 1000 0.389 tons
Ranked 97th.
31.28 tons
Ranked 21st. 80 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$ per capita $110.24
Ranked 83th.
$29,410.76
Ranked 15th. 267 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP 45.02%
Ranked 63th.
82.2%
Ranked 99th. 83% more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
SO2 emissions per populated area 140 thousand metric tons/squ
Ranked 112th.
970 thousand metric tons/squ
Ranked 50th. 7 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo
Wetlands of intl importance > Area 439 thousand hectares
Ranked 33th. 5 times more than Japan
84 thousand hectares
Ranked 69th.
Adjusted net national income > Current US$ per capita $168.23
Ranked 154th.
$40,799.63
Ranked 12th. 243 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Forest area > % of land area 58.94% of land area
Ranked 25th.
68.22% of land area
Ranked 14th. 16% more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Forest area > Sq. km 1.34 million km²
Ranked 7th. 5 times more than Japan
248,680 km²
Ranked 23th.

Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > % of GNI 0.64% of GNI
Ranked 54th. 36% more than Japan
0.47% of GNI
Ranked 64th.

Adjusted savings > Carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI 0.2% of GNI
Ranked 134th. 11% more than Japan
0.18% of GNI
Ranked 139th.

PM10 > Country level > Micrograms per cubic meter 52.49 mcg/m³
Ranked 62nd. 68% more than Japan
31.17 mcg/m³
Ranked 115th.

CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 PPP $ of GDP 0.05 kg/PPP$
Ranked 156th.
0.37 kg/PPP$
Ranked 69th. 7 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

CO2 emissions > Kt > Per capita 0.033 kt per 1,000 people
Ranked 191st.
9.64 kt per 1,000 people
Ranked 33th. 292 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Forest area > Sq. km > Per capita 23.22 km² per 1,000 people
Ranked 27th. 12 times more than Japan
1.95 km² per 1,000 people
Ranked 114th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Excluding particulate emission damage > % of GNI -1.91%
Ranked 104th.
15.55%
Ranked 30th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Excluding particulate emission damage > Current US$ $-198,730,224.55
Ranked 104th.
$788.28 billion
Ranked 2nd.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Including particulate emission damage > % of GNI -2.49%
Ranked 103th.
15.29%
Ranked 29th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Including particulate emission damage > Current US$ $-259,054,760.54
Ranked 100th.
$775.18 billion
Ranked 2nd.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI 0.17%
Ranked 131st.
0.19%
Ranked 124th. 12% more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Consumption of fixed capital > % of GNI 6.66%
Ranked 156th.
13.31%
Ranked 35th. Twice as much as Democratic Republic of the Congo

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Consumption of fixed capital > Current US$ $691.93 million
Ranked 114th.
$675.02 billion
Ranked 2nd. 976 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Energy depletion > % of GNI 3.08%
Ranked 44th. 154 times more than Japan
0.02%
Ranked 87th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Energy depletion > Current US$ $320.33 million
Ranked 76th.
$1.23 billion
Ranked 62nd. 4 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Gross savings > % of GNI 9.35%
Ranked 115th.
25.9%
Ranked 45th. 3 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Mineral depletion > % of GNI 2.3%
Ranked 17th.
0.0
Ranked 91st.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Mineral depletion > Current US$ $239.12 million
Ranked 41st. 3 times more than Japan
$83.7 million
Ranked 58th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net forest depletion > % of GNI 0.0
Ranked 72nd.
0.0
Ranked 80th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net forest depletion > Current US$ 0.0
Ranked 78th.
0.0
Ranked 88th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net national savings > % of GNI 2.7%
Ranked 101st.
12.59%
Ranked 53th. 5 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net national savings > Current US$ $280.29 million
Ranked 98th.
$638.47 billion
Ranked 2nd. 2278 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > % of GNI 0.58%
Ranked 26th. 2 times more than Japan
0.26%
Ranked 60th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > Current US$ $60.32 million
Ranked 68th.
$13.1 billion
Ranked 3rd. 217 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Emissions > Agricultural methane emissions > % of total 11.83%
Ranked 114th.
13.43%
Ranked 112th. 14% more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Emissions > Agricultural nitrous oxide emissions > % of total 15.56%
Ranked 124th.
49.34%
Ranked 116th. 3 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 US$ of GDP $0.42
Ranked 128th. 75% more than Japan
$0.24
Ranked 162nd.

Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2005 PPP $ of GDP $0.14
Ranked 148th.
$0.31
Ranked 75th. 2 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per PPP $ of GDP $0.13
Ranked 148th.
$0.29
Ranked 76th. 2 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kt 2,432.9
Ranked 128th.
1.25 million
Ranked 6th. 515 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Emissions > CO2 emissions > Metric tons per capita 0.04
Ranked 184th.
9.81
Ranked 28th. 245 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Emissions > CO2 intensity > Kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use 0.13
Ranked 128th.
2.44
Ranked 55th. 19 times more than Democratic Republic of the Congo

Emissions > Industrial methane emissions > % of total 49.57%
Ranked 26th. 65% more than Japan
29.96%
Ranked 49th.

SOURCES: Stockholm Environment Institute at York, Acidification in Developing Countries: Ecosystem Sensitivity and the Critical Loads Approach at the Global scale, 2000 via ciesin.org; World Resources Institute; World Resources Institute. 2003. Carbon Emissions from energy use and cement manufacturing, 1850 to 2000. 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(eds). 2008. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org. version (07/2008). Accessed: 28 September 2008.; Froese, R. and Pauly, D. (eds). 2008. FishBase database, www.fishbase.org.; World Resources Institute. 2003. Carbon Emissions from energy use and cement manufacturing, 1850 to 2000. Available on-line through the Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT) at Washington, DC: World Resources Institute. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Resources Institute. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Kiran Dev Pandey, Piet Buys, Ken Chomitz, and David Wheeler's, "Biodiversity Conservation Indicators: New Tools for Priority Setting at the Global Environment Facility" (2006). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; The Changing Wealth of Nations: Measuring Sustainable Development in the New Millennium. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; FAOSTAT on-line database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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Citation

"Environment: Democratic Republic of the Congo and Japan compared", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/compare/Democratic-Republic-of-the-Congo/Japan/Environment

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