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Environment > Threatened species: Countries Compared

Ian Graham, Staff Editor

Author: Ian Graham, Staff Editor

Canada’s plan to build more than 100 new hydro-electric dams in the central and western parts of the country to replace aging fossil-fuel burning plants and meet Kyoto accord greenhouse gas emission targets, may have an unintended effect: the extinction of the lake sturgeon.

Living fossils that have been around since the time of the dinosaurs, lake sturgeons have elongated cone-shaped snouts, rows of bony armor on their back, can live for over 100 years, and can grow to more than two meters long. A hundred years ago, Canadian fishermen caught millions of kilograms of lake sturgeon every year. Now, sightings of them are rare enough to warrant news coverage and scientists estimate there are fewer than 1,000 lake sturgeons left in the rivers and lakes of western Canada.

The Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada has declared the species threatened in western Canada and at risk in eastern Canada. Some scientists believe the species population could grow, but most subscribe to the view that there are not enough left to sustain a breeding population, since the sturgeon only spawns once every four to six years.

DEFINITION: Number of Threatened Species (1990-99).

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH
1 United States 854 1990
2 Australia 483 1990
3 Indonesia 340 1990
4 Mexico 247 1990
5 Brazil 240 1990
6 China 213 1990
7 India 193 1990
8 Philippines 188 1990
Group of 7 countries (G7) average (profile) 179.43 1990
9 Japan 132 1990
=10 Papua New Guinea 122 1990
=10 Peru 122 1990
12 Madagascar 120 1990
13 Colombia 119 1990
14 Ecuador 117 1990
15 Russia 113 1990
Emerging markets average (profile) 107.74 1990
=16 Malaysia 107 1990
=16 Kenya 107 1990
18 Burma 98 1990
19 Portugal 97 1990
High income OECD countries average (profile) 90.6 1990
20 Argentina 90 1990
21 France 89 1990
22 New Zealand 82 1990
23 Cameroon 80 1990
24 Italy 75 1990
South Asia average (profile) 72.4 1990
25 Turkey 70 1990
Former Spanish colonies average (profile) 69.11 1990
26 Laos 68 1990
27 Uganda 67 1990
28 Venezuela 66 1990
Religious countries average (profile) 64.14 1990
=29 Bangladesh 61 1990
=29 Nepal 61 1990
=29 Romania 61 1990
=29 Austria 61 1990
33 Ethiopia 60 1990
34 Hungary 56 1990
=35 Cambodia 55 1990
=35 Bolivia 55 1990
37 Iran 54 1990
Heavily indebted countries average (profile) 53.11 1990
=38 Mauritius 52 1990
=38 Ukraine 52 1990
40 Germany 49 1990
South and Central Asia average (profile) 48.33 1990
41 Pakistan 45 1990
42 Costa Rica 44 1990
=43 Croatia 43 1990
=43 Sri Lanka 43 1990
45 Chile 42 1990
=46 Bulgaria 41 1990
=46 Angola 41 1990
=46 Mozambique 41 1990
=46 Kazakhstan 41 1990
=50 Canada 40 1990
=50 Nigeria 40 1990
=52 Morocco 39 1990
=52 Paraguay 39 1990
54 Panama 37 1990
NATO countries average (profile) 36.91 1990
=55 Israel 36 1990
=55 Czech Republic 36 1990
=55 Cuba 36 1990
=55 Algeria 36 1990
=55 Bhutan 36 1990
European Union average (profile) 34.87 1990
Muslim countries average (profile) 34.45 1990
=60 Georgia 34 1990
=60 Sudan 34 1990
=60 Cote d'Ivoire 34 1990
=63 Turkmenistan 33 1990
=63 Azerbaijan 33 1990
=63 Egypt 33 1990
Former Soviet republics average (profile) 31.5 1990
66 Poland 31 1990
67 Liberia 30 1990
OPEC countries average (profile) 29.09 1990
68 Mongolia 29 1990
=69 Dominican Republic 28 1990
=69 Sierra Leone 28 1990
=69 Jamaica 28 1990
=72 Afghanistan 27 1990
=72 Ghana 27 1990
=72 North Korea 27 1990
=72 Namibia 27 1990
=76 South Korea 26 1990
=76 Senegal 26 1990
=78 Bosnia and Herzegovina 25 1990
=78 Iraq 25 1990
=80 Malawi 24 1990
=80 Moldova 24 1990
=80 Tunisia 24 1990
=83 Saudi Arabia 23 1990
=83 Belgium 23 1990
Middle Eastern and North Africa average (profile) 22.31 1990
=85 Uzbekistan 22 1990
=85 Fiji 22 1990
=85 Oman 22 1990
=85 Seychelles 22 1990
89 Equatorial Guinea 21 1990
=90 Mauritania 20 1990
=90 Republic of Macedonia 20 1990
=90 Gabon 20 1990
=90 Albania 20 1990
=90 Mali 20 1990
=90 Honduras 20 1990
=96 Netherlands 19 1990
=96 Chad 19 1990
=98 Suriname 18 1990
=98 Federated States of Micronesia 18 1990
=98 Armenia 18 1990
=101 Finland 17 1990
=101 Rwanda 17 1990
=101 United Kingdom 17 1990
=101 The Bahamas 17 1990
=101 Latvia 17 1990
=101 Uruguay 17 1990
=107 Norway 16 1990
=107 Libya 16 1990
=107 Belize 16 1990
=107 Sao Tome and Principe 16 1990
=107 Nicaragua 16 1990
=107 Democratic Republic of the Congo 16 1990
=107 Comoros 16 1990
=114 Denmark 15 1990
=114 Jordan 15 1990
=114 Lithuania 15 1990
=114 Niger 15 1990
=114 Kyrgyzstan 15 1990
=119 Central African Republic 14 1990
=119 Belarus 14 1990
=119 Burundi 14 1990
=122 Vanuatu 13 1990
=122 Lebanon 13 1990
=124 Botswana 12 1990
=124 Eritrea 12 1990
=124 Benin 12 1990
=127 Palau 11 1990
=127 Samoa 11 1990
=127 Cyprus 11 1990
=130 Estonia 10 1990
=130 United Arab Emirates 10 1990
=132 El Salvador 9 1990
=132 Trinidad and Tobago 9 1990
=132 Lesotho 9 1990
=132 Saint Lucia 9 1990
=136 Burkina Faso 8 1990
=136 Luxembourg 8 1990
=136 Cape Verde 8 1990
=136 Djibouti 8 1990
=140 Dominica 7 1990
=140 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7 1990
=140 Kiribati 7 1990
=143 Ireland 6 1990
=143 The Gambia 6 1990
=143 Saint Kitts and Nevis 6 1990
=143 Tonga 6 1990
=143 Antigua and Barbuda 6 1990
=143 Kuwait 6 1990
=149 Liechtenstein 5 1990
=149 Malta 5 1990
151 Marshall Islands 4 1990
=152 Barbados 3 1990
=152 Qatar 3 1990
=152 Maldives 3 1990
=155 Nauru 2 1990
=155 Bahrain 2 1990
=155 Andorra 2 1990
158 Iceland 1 1990

Citation

"Countries Compared by Environment > Threatened species. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Environment/Threatened-species

Environment > Threatened species: Countries Compared Map

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Statistics for Environment > Threatened species

Agriculture

Statistics and graphs related to agriculture are found here. How many agricultural workers are there per hectare? Tractors? Which country produces the maximum cotton? Who is the biggest exporter of bananas? Click in if these interest you.

TOP STATS: Arable land > Hectares, Agricultural land > Sq. km, Agricultural growth and 322 more

Background

What is the background of the country? National bird? Get a quick summary of countries in this section.

TOP STATS: Overview, National tree, Full name and 21 more

Conflict

TOP STATS: Terrorism > Global Terrorism Index, Civil war and unrest > Arab Spring death toll, Terrorism > Government reaction to the death of Osama bin Laden and 29 more

Cost of living

TOP STATS: Average monthly disposable salary > After tax, Local purchasing power, Prices at markets > Loaf of bread > Fresh, white and 52 more

Crime

No explanation needed for this section. Murders. Guns. Jails. Crimes. Judges. We have all of that and more out here. Actually we go deeper than your routine crime beat sections. How many adults were prosecuted? What percentage were convicted? How many were women? What is the death penalty rate in different countries? How safe do the citizens perceive they are? Do they trust the police? Will they report a crime? You'll find surprising answers here.

TOP STATS: Violent crime > Murder rate, Violent crime > Murder rate per million people, Violent crime > Intentional homicide rate and 183 more

Culture

TOP STATS: Sexuality > Homosexuality > Legality of homosexual acts, Happy Planet Index, Food and drink > Beer consumption and 67 more

Disasters

The tsunami rocked the civilized world with its widespread devastation. Learn the details of the losses incurred by the countries affected. How are the developed countries helping out? Who has pledged the most money? How do they compare? Check out...

TOP STATS: Chernobyl > Contaminated area (percent of country), Storm deaths > 2009, Tsunami > Death toll and 47 more

Economy

This category is all about money. GDP. Aid. Gross national income. Debt. Inflation. Trade balance. Foreign investment. Government spending. You get the idea.

TOP STATS: GDP, GDP per capita, Population below poverty line and 3717 more

Education

Any and every statistic which can be collected about schooling and the whole education sector can be found here. What is the duration of education in different countries? Is the percentage of enrollment different for sexes? How long do students spend learning their mother tongues? What is the mathematical aptitude of the average 8 year old? How many university degrees are awarded to females? What is the percentage of students who find school boring? We've tabulated them all for you.

TOP STATS: Children out of school, primary, Compulsary education duration, Pupil-teacher ratio, primary and 908 more

Energy

How does your country fare in Traditional Fuel Consumption? In Geothermal Energy Consumption? How many barrels of oil were imported into your country last year? Does your production of hydroelectricity match your consumption? Which countries in the world successfully produce nuclear energy for consumption? What is the average energy usage per person? All your questions regarding different forms of energy, their generation and consumption have been answered here.

TOP STATS: Commercial energy use, Electricity > Consumption, Electric power consumption > KWh per capita and 2387 more

Environment

How much area is declared as protected in the different countries of the world? How many endangered species of reptiles, mammals, birds etc are found in different countries? What are the national levels of pollution? Emissions? Nuclear waste generation? Salination of water resources and expenditure for waste treatment. International treaties, ratification and complaince. You'll find almost all statistics related to environmental pollution and conservational efforts here.

TOP STATS: Ecological footprint, Marine fish catch, Pollution perceptions > Air pollution and 331 more

Geography

All the stats pertaining to the physical features of the country in question can be found here. This implies that if you are looking for the co-ordinates or map references of countries, the land area, climate, boundaries, terrain, natural resources or coastlines, your search ends here.

TOP STATS: Land area > Square miles, Geographic coordinates, Area > Comparative and 102 more

Government

This category is all about the functioning of the government machinery. So, you'll find stats on the goverment administrative divisions, the executive, legistative and judiciary branches, constitution, parliamentary seats, secession attemps, suffrage, corruption - everything connected with our esteemed politicians.

TOP STATS: Government type, Legal system, Legislative branch and 392 more

Health

Statistics about the health of a country's citizens are present in this category. You can find stats related to birth weights, rates on smoking, HIV incidence, incidence of cancer, circulatory and other diseases, stats on infant and maternal mortality, life expectancy, suicide rates, teenage pergnancy and other health related topics. We also have some details on health expenditure and health care funding out here.

TOP STATS: Physicians > Per 1,000 people, Births and maternity > Total fertility rate, Human height > Average female height and 529 more

Industry

Lists all industry related stats like production of cars, buses trucks, LCVs, different industries like biotech firms and so on.

TOP STATS: Manufacturing output, Manufacturing, value added > Current US$ per capita, Gross value added by construction and 94 more

Labor

You can find detailed stats on the economic activity of the labor force broken over different age-groups and sexes. We also have stats on employment in different sectors, trade union memberships, the average work time, the average number of days the workers take off or even just don't show up! How many female decision makers does a country have? Doctors? What is the normal gender division of the housework? What are the unemployment details and benefits available? How long does an average person need to work to buy a loaf of bread? A car? A television set? Compare these values for different countries.

TOP STATS: Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage, Unemployment rate, Labor force > By occupation and 374 more

Language

What are the main languages spoken in the countries? How many English language speakers are there per country? How about French and Spanish? Check out the results here..

TOP STATS: Languages, Major language(s), French status and 21 more

Lifestyle

Here we rank countries based on amphetamine and cannabis use. But more interestingly, we go into their mindset. What do the citizens of different countries think of their armed forces? Will they report a crime? Do they trust their neighbours? What about their governments? Are they happy with life in general? How charitable are they? What is their political orientation? Are they proud of their countries? Will they fight for their countries? This is an utterly captivating category.

TOP STATS: Quality of life index, Happiness net, Happiness level > Very happy and 110 more

Media

Countries are ranked here depending on the penetration level of computers, phones, fax machines, radios, television sets, mobile phones etc. We also have other stats related to media like vastness of different networks, revenue and employment in different telecom sectors here.

TOP STATS: Internet > Internet users per thousand people, Internet users, Telephones > Mobile cellular > Per capita and 429 more

Military

Want to know the size of the army in Iran? The number of tanks in Germany? Want to compare the weapon holdings in North and South Korea? Worried about the WMDs world over? Need to know the exact number of countries who have signed terrorism conventions? Or just curious about the coalition forces in the Gulf War? We've tried to collect all details available in the public domain for you here.

TOP STATS: Air force > Combat aircraft, Army > Main battle tanks, Budget and 285 more

People

Facts relating to the actual life of people are found here. So we have birth and death rates, marriage and divorce rates, single parents, one-person households and teenage pregnancies, size of households and elderly institutions, ethnicity and chinese population - just about every stat you always wanted to know! What is the average age of women when they first get married? How happy are they when compared to their mothers? What is the gender development index in different countries? What will the population be in 2020? Don't miss this category even if you didn't come searching for it specifically.

TOP STATS: Population, Age distribution > Population aged 0-14, Ethnic groups and 1058 more

Religion

Where else could you find the number of Catholics, Catholic priests, Catholic parishes, Jehovahs Witnesses and the number of permanent deacons, and compare them all between major nations in a per-capita format? Check them all here.

TOP STATS: Religions, Religions > All, Christian > Orthodox > Orthodox population and 111 more

Sports

Who scored the maximum medals in the olympics? What about the summer and winter olympics? What are the latest FIFA rankings? Which country has the maximum number of Mt. Everest ascents? Get all the answers in this sports section.

TOP STATS: Chess > GrandMasters, World Cup Totals > Wins, FIFA World Ranking > Men and 508 more

Terrorism

This is a category which needs particular highlighting as the growing concern and need for awareness continues to press upon our front pages, in the minds of our leadership and politicians, and indeed, in our everyday conversations. We hope to expand this category into timely and essential data you can rely on to make sense of global and national security, political and societal violence, and our perceptions which are shaped by these notions.

TOP STATS: Global Terrorism Indicator, Number of Known Terrorist Organizations Present, Background and 30 more

Transport

Here you can find the numbers on the different modes of transportation. How many cars does a country have? Airports? What is the lenght of its highways? What proportion is paved? What about runways, heliports and ports? Lets not leave out waterways or the merchant navy. We have them all here.

TOP STATS: Road > Motor vehicles per 1000 people, Road > Motorway length, Road network length > Km and 445 more

Travel

TOP STATS: Inbound tourism > Arrivals, Outbound tourism > Departures, Inbound tourism > Arrivals per thousand people and 19 more

Weather

TOP STATS: Temperature > Highest temperature ever recorded, Precipitation, Temperature > Highest temperature ever recorded > Location and 4 more

STAT
COUNTRIES COVERED
Mammal 160

Interesting observations about Environment > Threatened species

  • United States ranked first for threatened species amongst Christian countries in 1990.
  • Australia ranked first for threatened species amongst Hot countries in 1990.
  • Indonesia ranked first for threatened species amongst Muslim countries in 1990.
  • Russia ranked first for threatened species amongst Europe in 1990.
  • Mexico ranked first for threatened species amongst Catholic countries in 1990.
  • Brazil ranked first for threatened species amongst Religious countries in 1990.
  • China ranked second for threatened species amongst Cold countries in 1990.
  • Portugal ranked first for threatened species amongst European Union in 1990.
  • Japan ranked second for threatened species amongst Heavily indebted countries in 1990.
  • Madagascar ranked first for threatened species amongst Sub-Saharan Africa in 1990.

0

Canada’s plan to build more than 100 new hydro-electric dams in the central and western parts of the country to replace aging fossil-fuel burning plants and meet Kyoto accord greenhouse gas emission targets, may have an unintended effect: the extinction of the lake sturgeon.

Living fossils that have been around since the time of the dinosaurs, lake sturgeons have elongated cone-shaped snouts, rows of bony armor on their back, can live for over 100 years, and can grow to more than two meters long. A hundred years ago, Canadian fishermen caught millions of kilograms of lake sturgeon every year. Now, sightings of them are rare enough to warrant news coverage and scientists estimate there are fewer than 1,000 lake sturgeons left in the rivers and lakes of western Canada.

The Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada has declared the species threatened in western Canada and at risk in eastern Canada. Some scientists believe the species population could grow, but most subscribe to the view that there are not enough left to sustain a breeding population, since the sturgeon only spawns once every four to six years.

Posted on 20 May 2005

Ian Graham, Staff Editor

Ian Graham, Staff Editor

0

The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, conducted by 1,300 environmental experts from 95 countries, says that about 60 percent of ecosystem services supporting life on Earth – fresh water, fisheries, air and water regulation, natural hazards and pests – are being degraded or used unsustainably.

Experts warn that continuing degradation of 15 out of 24 ecosystem services examined will increase the chances of new diseases emerging, water quality changing suddenly, “dead zones” developing along coastlines, fisheries collapsing, and regional climates shifting.

The assessment says more land was converted to agriculture since 1945 than in the 18th and 19th centuries combined. It also says that more than half of the synthetic nitrogen fertilizers ever used were used after 1985. Experts say both of these factors have contributed to accelerated extinction rates and loss of biodiversity, and that between 10 and 30 percent of mammal, bird and amphibian species are currently in danger of extinction.

Posted on 30 Mar 2005

Ian Graham, Staff Editor

Ian Graham, Staff Editor

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