×

Environment > Acidification: Countries Compared

DEFINITION: Percentage of country with acidification excedence
Units: Percent of Land Area
Units: From a map of acidification excedence, all areas at risk within each country were added together in order to calculate the percentage of the entire country at risk of excedence. See pages 21-22 of the 2001 ESI report for more details on how the acidification excedence map was produced.

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH
1 Republic of Macedonia 97.48% 2001
2 Czech Republic 89.22% 2001
3 Belgium 75.83% 2001
4 South Korea 58.9% 2001
5 Denmark 54.88% 2001
6 Ireland 54.16% 2001
7 Poland 53.45% 2001
8 Germany 51.88% 2001
9 Austria 50.81% 2001
10 United Kingdom 45.75% 2001
11 Netherlands 43.81% 2001
12 Slovenia 40.11% 2001
13 Switzerland 36.9% 2001
14 Sweden 34.37% 2001
15 Bosnia and Herzegovina 34.07% 2001
16 Vietnam 32.17% 2001
17 Laos 29.22% 2001
European Union average (profile) 28.56% 2001
18 Slovakia 27.23% 2001
High income OECD countries average (profile) 27.03% 2001
Eurozone average (profile) 26.23% 2001
Non-religious countries average (profile) 25.11% 2001
Group of 7 countries (G7) average (profile) 23.5% 2001
NATO countries average (profile) 22.98% 2001
Cold countries average (profile) 22.6% 2001
19 Romania 19.27% 2001
20 France 18.84% 2001
21 Italy 17.94% 2001
22 Norway 15.96% 2001
23 China 15.66% 2001
24 Bulgaria 14.1% 2001
25 United States 13.74% 2001
26 Japan 10.99% 2001
27 Indonesia 8.15% 2001
28 Canada 5.39% 2001
29 Zambia 5.13% 2001
30 Hungary 4.93% 2001
Emerging markets average (profile) 4.92% 2001
31 Belarus 4.91% 2001
32 Croatia 4.69% 2001
33 Ukraine 4.27% 2001
34 Spain 3.65% 2001
35 Portugal 3.24% 2001
36 Greece 2.77% 2001
Former French colonies average (profile) 2.56% 2001
37 Albania 2.54% 2001
38 North Korea 2.43% 2001
39 Latvia 1.95% 2001
40 Angola 1.83% 2001
41 Finland 1.19% 2001
Former Soviet republics average (profile) 0.819% 2001
42 Burma 0.77% 2001
43 Mexico 0.68% 2001
44 Russia 0.33% 2001
Muslim countries average (profile) 0.282% 2001
45 Thailand 0.27% 2001
OPEC countries average (profile) 0.183% 2001
Former Spanish colonies average (profile) 0.0378% 2001
46 Turkey 0.02% 2001
=47 Turkmenistan 0.0 2001
=47 Ethiopia 0.0 2001
=47 Cameroon 0.0 2001
=47 Burkina Faso 0.0 2001
=47 Dominica 0.0 2001
=47 Liberia 0.0 2001
=47 Tanzania 0.0 2001
=47 Madagascar 0.0 2001
=47 Tajikistan 0.0 2001
=47 Malawi 0.0 2001
=47 Libya 0.0 2001
=47 Central African Republic 0.0 2001
=47 Bangladesh 0.0 2001
=47 Malaysia 0.0 2001
=47 Guinea 0.0 2001
=47 Panama 0.0 2001
=47 Costa Rica 0.0 2001
=47 Nigeria 0.0 2001
=47 Ecuador 0.0 2001
=47 Australia 0.0 2001
=47 El Salvador 0.0 2001
=47 Rwanda 0.0 2001
=47 Sierra Leone 0.0 2001
=47 Philippines 0.0 2001
=47 Moldova 0.0 2001
=47 Morocco 0.0 2001
=47 Estonia 0.0 2001
=47 Lebanon 0.0 2001
=47 Uzbekistan 0.0 2001
=47 Colombia 0.0 2001
=47 Sudan 0.0 2001
=47 Nepal 0.0 2001
=47 Israel 0.0 2001
=47 Venezuela 0.0 2001
=47 Senegal 0.0 2001
=47 Papua New Guinea 0.0 2001
=47 Zimbabwe 0.0 2001
=47 Jordan 0.0 2001
=47 Mauritania 0.0 2001
=47 Trinidad and Tobago 0.0 2001
=47 Syria 0.0 2001
=47 Paraguay 0.0 2001
=47 Botswana 0.0 2001
=47 Lithuania 0.0 2001
=47 Cambodia 0.0 2001
=47 The Gambia 0.0 2001
=47 Argentina 0.0 2001
=47 Bolivia 0.0 2001
=47 Ghana 0.0 2001
=47 Saudi Arabia 0.0 2001
=47 Guatemala 0.0 2001
=47 Pakistan 0.0 2001
=47 Oman 0.0 2001
=47 Gabon 0.0 2001
=47 New Zealand 0.0 2001
=47 Jamaica 0.0 2001
=47 United Arab Emirates 0.0 2001
=47 India 0.0 2001
=47 Azerbaijan 0.0 2001
=47 Kenya 0.0 2001
=47 Mongolia 0.0 2001
=47 Somalia 0.0 2001
=47 Peru 0.0 2001
=47 Cote d'Ivoire 0.0 2001
=47 Benin 0.0 2001
=47 Cuba 0.0 2001
=47 Togo 0.0 2001
=47 Armenia 0.0 2001
=47 Mali 0.0 2001
=47 Chad 0.0 2001
=47 South Africa 0.0 2001
=47 Mozambique 0.0 2001
=47 Uganda 0.0 2001
=47 Niger 0.0 2001
=47 Brazil 0.0 2001
=47 Iran 0.0 2001
=47 Algeria 0.0 2001
=47 Chile 0.0 2001
=47 Haiti 0.0 2001
=47 Iraq 0.0 2001
=47 Guinea-Bissau 0.0 2001
=47 Uruguay 0.0 2001
=47 Egypt 0.0 2001
=47 Burundi 0.0 2001
=47 Nicaragua 0.0 2001
=47 Bhutan 0.0 2001
=47 Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.0 2001
=47 Kuwait 0.0 2001
=47 Iceland 0.0 2001
=47 Kazakhstan 0.0 2001
=47 Kyrgyzstan 0.0 2001
=47 Honduras 0.0 2001
=47 Tunisia 0.0 2001
=47 Sri Lanka 0.0 2001
=47 Namibia 0.0 2001
failed states average (profile) 0.0 2001
South and Central Asia average (profile) 0.0 2001
South Asia average (profile) 0.0 2001
Middle Eastern and North Africa average (profile) 0.0 2001

Citation

"Countries Compared by Environment > Acidification. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", Stockholm Environment Institute at York, Acidification in Developing Countries: Ecosystem Sensitivity and the Critical Loads Approach at the Global scale, 2000 via ciesin.org. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Environment/Acidification

Environment > Acidification: Countries Compared Map

NationMaster

Interesting observations about Environment > Acidification

  • Indonesia ranked first for acidification amongst Muslim countries in 2001.
  • Vietnam ranked first for acidification amongst Hot countries in 2001.
  • Poland ranked first for acidification amongst Emerging markets in 2001.
  • Czech Republic ranked first for acidification amongst High income OECD countries in 2001.
  • United States ranked first for acidification amongst Former British colonies in 2001.
  • Republic of Macedonia ranked first for acidification amongst Christian countries in 2001.
  • Ireland ranked first for acidification amongst Catholic countries in 2001.
  • Mexico ranked first for acidification amongst Former Spanish colonies in 2001.
  • Germany ranked first for acidification amongst Group of 7 countries (G7) in 2001.
  • Belgium ranked second for acidification amongst European Union in 2001.

0

Acidification indicates the presence of acid in soil, rainfall and waterways such as lakes

and rivers. Acidification is caused by the presence of oxides in the air which react with

atmospheric water to form acids. The acids fall to the ground as
href=\"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acid_rain\">acid rain

or snow.

Sulfur and
href=\"/graph/env_pol_nit_oxi_per_cap\">nitrogen oxides

are the greatest contributors to

acidification. About half of all sulfur oxides and most nitrogen oxides enter the atmosphere

from natural sources, however human activities such as electricity generation, metal

smelting, burning of fossil fuels and vehicle exhaust also contribute a significant amount.



The effects of acidification include:

  • Damage to the bark and leaves of trees. The trees lose their leaves, their growth will

    be stunted and they will become more vulnerable to disease and insects.

  • Damage to ecosystems. Fish and their eggs in acid streams and lakes will die. This

    problem is worst in early spring when acid snow melts and the fish are newly hatched.

    Animals and birds that normally feed on the fish will be effected by the reduced food

    supply.

  • Damage to buildings. Acid rain damages the surface of buildings and artwork especially

    those made from sandstone, limestone or marble.

  • Damage to metals. Acid rain causes corrosion in metal structures such as railroad lines,

    airplanes, cars, steel bridges, and underground pipes.
  • Posted on 29 Jan 2005

    Edria Murray, Staff Editor

    Edria Murray, Staff Editor

    Follow us on Facebook to get interesting stats: