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Environment > Water > Availability: Countries Compared

Author: Ian Graham <br>Staff Editor

Author: Ian Graham <br>Staff Editor

Chinese scientists studying glaciers on Mount Everest say they are shrinking faster than ever before due to global warming, an indication that world water supplies may be under threat.

Researchers found that the melting altitude of one of Everest’s glaciers had risen about 50 meters (165 feet) over a period of two years, more than twice as fast as usual. They also reported that a large, high-altitude cliff observed in 2002 seemed to have disappeared. On the Nepal side of the mountain, similar melting has occurred. In 2002, the U.N. warned that 40 Himalayan glacial lakes were on the verge of bursting and endangering nearby residents, as a result of global warming.

Three-quarters of the world’s fresh water is stored in glacial ice, especially in mountain areas, and released slowly into rivers during dry or hot months.

Some scientists say global warming could increase the average global temperature by 1.4 to 5.8 degrees Celsius (2.5 to 10.5 degrees Fahrenheit) over the next century, with catastrophic results, such as glaciers retreating, causing oceans to rise and flooding lowlands around the world.

DEFINITION: Water availability per capita (1961-1990 (avg.))
Units: Thousands Cubic Meters/Person
Units: This variable measures internal renewable water (average annual surface runoff and groundwater recharge generated from endogenous precipitation).

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH
1 IcelandIceland 294.34 thousand cubic metres 1990
2 GabonGabon 176.37 thousand cubic metres 1990
3 Papua New GuineaPapua NG 154.61 thousand cubic metres 1990
4 CanadaCanada 84.51 thousand cubic metres 1990
5 New ZealandNew Zealand 79.81 thousand cubic metres 1990
6 LiberiaLiberia 58.85 thousand cubic metres 1990
7 NorwayNorway 57.71 thousand cubic metres 1990
8 Democratic Republic of the CongoCongo, DR. 53.89 thousand cubic metres 1990
9 BoliviaBolivia 51.39 thousand cubic metres 1990
10 PeruPeru 47.55 thousand cubic metres 1990
11 ColombiaColombia 45.56 thousand cubic metres 1990
12 LaosLaos 40.43 thousand cubic metres 1990
13 Central African RepublicCentral Africa 37.41 thousand cubic metres 1990
14 BrazilBrazil 37.25 thousand cubic metres 1990
15 VenezuelaVenezuela 33.83 thousand cubic metres 1990
16 PanamaPanama 30.79 thousand cubic metres 1990
17 EcuadorEcuador 30.37 thousand cubic metres 1990
18 NicaraguaNicaragua 29.15 thousand cubic metres 1990
19 AustraliaAustralia 27.81 thousand cubic metres 1990
20 AngolaAngola 24.24 thousand cubic metres 1990
21 UruguayUruguay 24.24 thousand cubic metres 1990
22 Costa RicaCosta Rica 23.35 thousand cubic metres 1990
23 RussiaRussia 22.82 thousand cubic metres 1990
High income OECD countries averageHigh income OECD countries average 22.56 thousand cubic metres 1990
24 MadagascarMadagascar 22.55 thousand cubic metres 1990
25 Sierra LeoneSierra Leone 21.97 thousand cubic metres 1990
Former Spanish colonies averageFormer Spanish colonies average 21.79 thousand cubic metres 1990
26 MalaysiaMalaysia 20.24 thousand cubic metres 1990
27 BurmaBurma 20.06 thousand cubic metres 1990
28 ChileChile 19.56 thousand cubic metres 1990
NATO countries averageNATO average 19.56 thousand cubic metres 1990
29 Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissau 19.15 thousand cubic metres 1990
30 FinlandFinland 18.01 thousand cubic metres 1990
Cold countries averageCold countries average 17.78 thousand cubic metres 1990
31 CameroonCameroon 17.3 thousand cubic metres 1990
32 MongoliaMongolia 16.32 thousand cubic metres 1990
33 SwedenSweden 15.91 thousand cubic metres 1990
Group of 7 countries (G7) averageGroup of 7 countries (G7) average 14.85 thousand cubic metres 1990
34 BhutanBhutan 14.08 thousand cubic metres 1990
35 GuatemalaGuatemala 14.03 thousand cubic metres 1990
Former French colonies averageFormer French colonies average 14.01 thousand cubic metres 1990
36 HondurasHonduras 13.09 thousand cubic metres 1990
Non-religious countries averageNon-religious countries average 12.54 thousand cubic metres 1990
37 IrelandIreland 12.47 thousand cubic metres 1990
Emerging markets averageEmerging markets average 11.59 thousand cubic metres 1990
38 IndonesiaIndonesia 10.96 thousand cubic metres 1990
39 ParaguayParaguay 10.77 thousand cubic metres 1990
40 GuineaGuinea 10.13 thousand cubic metres 1990
Failed states averageFailed states average 10.02 thousand cubic metres 1990
41 ZambiaZambia 10.01 thousand cubic metres 1990
42 CambodiaCambodia 9.92 thousand cubic metres 1990
43 SloveniaSlovenia 8.04 thousand cubic metres 1990
44 Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia+ 7.91 thousand cubic metres 1990
45 ArgentinaArgentina 7.65 thousand cubic metres 1990
46 EstoniaEstonia 7.4 thousand cubic metres 1990
47 United StatesUnited States 7.09 thousand cubic metres 1990
48 Cote d'IvoireCote d'Ivoire 6.87 thousand cubic metres 1990
49 AustriaAustria 6.37 thousand cubic metres 1990
50 LatviaLatvia 6.31 thousand cubic metres 1990
OPEC countries averageOPEC countries average 6.06 thousand cubic metres 1990
51 CroatiaCroatia 6.01 thousand cubic metres 1990
52 NepalNepal 5.97 thousand cubic metres 1990
53 MozambiqueMozambique 5.81 thousand cubic metres 1990
54 SwitzerlandSwitzerland 5.74 thousand cubic metres 1990
55 TajikistanTajikistan 5.56 thousand cubic metres 1990
56 KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstan 5.47 thousand cubic metres 1990
Eurozone averageEurozone average 5.19 thousand cubic metres 1990
57 LithuaniaLithuania 5.1 thousand cubic metres 1990
European Union averageEuropean Union average 4.72 thousand cubic metres 1990
Former Soviet republics averageFormer Soviet republics average 4.56 thousand cubic metres 1990
South Asia averageSouth Asia average 4.12 thousand cubic metres 1990
58 AlbaniaAlbania 4.09 thousand cubic metres 1990
59 PhilippinesPhilippines 3.79 thousand cubic metres 1990
60 TanzaniaTanzania 3.64 thousand cubic metres 1990
61 KazakhstanKazakhstan 3.63 thousand cubic metres 1990
South and Central Asia averageSouth and Central Asia average 3.5 thousand cubic metres 1990
62 ThailandThailand 3.5 thousand cubic metres 1990
63 MexicoMexico 3.47 thousand cubic metres 1990
64 ZimbabweZimbabwe 3.4 thousand cubic metres 1990
65 FranceFrance 3.26 thousand cubic metres 1990
66 PortugalPortugal 3.25 thousand cubic metres 1990
67 JamaicaJamaica 3.24 thousand cubic metres 1990
68 United KingdomUnited Kingdom 3.1 thousand cubic metres 1990
69 GreeceGreece 2.96 thousand cubic metres 1990
70 VietnamVietnam 2.8 thousand cubic metres 1990
71 BelarusBelarus 2.79 thousand cubic metres 1990
72 TogoTogo 2.71 thousand cubic metres 1990
73 JapanJapan 2.6 thousand cubic metres 1990
74 TurkeyTurkey 2.59 thousand cubic metres 1990
75 Republic of MacedoniaMacedonia Rep. 2.55 thousand cubic metres 1990
76 DenmarkDenmark 2.49 thousand cubic metres 1990
Muslim countries averageMuslim countries average 2.37 thousand cubic metres 1990
77 SpainSpain 2.33 thousand cubic metres 1990
78 NigeriaNigeria 2.26 thousand cubic metres 1990
79 BeninBenin 2.25 thousand cubic metres 1990
80 SlovakiaSlovakia 2.24 thousand cubic metres 1990
81 EthiopiaEthiopia 2.17 thousand cubic metres 1990
82 North KoreaNorth Korea 2.11 thousand cubic metres 1990
83 ItalyItaly 2.04 thousand cubic metres 1990
84 CubaCuba 2.01 thousand cubic metres 1990
85 BulgariaBulgaria 2 thousand cubic metres 1990
86 DominicaDominica 1.92 thousand cubic metres 1990
87 GhanaGhana 1.87 thousand cubic metres 1990
88 MoldovaMoldova 1.83 thousand cubic metres 1990
89 ChinaChina 1.72 thousand cubic metres 1990
90 Sri LankaSri Lanka 1.62 thousand cubic metres 1990
91 El SalvadorEl Salvador 1.59 thousand cubic metres 1990
92 Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad+ 1.58 thousand cubic metres 1990
93 IndiaIndia 1.56 thousand cubic metres 1990
94 MalawiMalawi 1.55 thousand cubic metres 1990
95 KenyaKenya 1.51 thousand cubic metres 1990
96 PolandPoland 1.48 thousand cubic metres 1990
97 Czech RepublicCzech Republic 1.45 thousand cubic metres 1990
98 RomaniaRomania 1.45 thousand cubic metres 1990
99 GermanyGermany 1.35 thousand cubic metres 1990
100 UkraineUkraine 1.26 thousand cubic metres 1990
101 South AfricaSouth Africa 1.25 thousand cubic metres 1990
102 BelgiumBelgium 1.19 thousand cubic metres 1990
103 HungaryHungary 1.17 thousand cubic metres 1990
104 South KoreaSouth Korea 1.16 thousand cubic metres 1990
105 ArmeniaArmenia 1.12 thousand cubic metres 1990
106 UgandaUganda 1 thousand cubic metres 1990
107 SenegalSenegal 0.96 thousand cubic metres 1990
108 RwandaRwanda 0.95 thousand cubic metres 1990
109 OmanOman 0.93 thousand cubic metres 1990
110 HaitiHaiti 0.93 thousand cubic metres 1990
111 Burkina FasoBurkina Faso 0.86 thousand cubic metres 1990
112 AzerbaijanAzerbaijan 0.79 thousand cubic metres 1990
113 LebanonLebanon 0.66 thousand cubic metres 1990
114 NetherlandsNetherlands 0.65 thousand cubic metres 1990
115 BurundiBurundi 0.65 thousand cubic metres 1990
116 IranIran 0.63 thousand cubic metres 1990
117 LibyaLibya 0.6 thousand cubic metres 1990
118 BangladeshBangladesh 0.6 thousand cubic metres 1990
119 MoroccoMorocco 0.42 thousand cubic metres 1990
120 The GambiaThe Gambia 0.4 thousand cubic metres 1990
121 MaliMali 0.4 thousand cubic metres 1990
122 AlgeriaAlgeria 0.39 thousand cubic metres 1990
123 IsraelIsrael 0.36 thousand cubic metres 1990
124 SyriaSyria 0.35 thousand cubic metres 1990
125 UzbekistanUzbekistan 0.31 thousand cubic metres 1990
126 SomaliaSomalia 0.24 thousand cubic metres 1990
127 PakistanPakistan 0.23 thousand cubic metres 1990
128 Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia 0.22 thousand cubic metres 1990
129 TunisiaTunisia 0.22 thousand cubic metres 1990
Middle Eastern and North Africa averageMiddle Eastern and North Africa average 0.203 thousand cubic metres 1990
130 MauritaniaMauritania 0.18 thousand cubic metres 1990
131 JordanJordan 0.07 thousand cubic metres 1990
132 KuwaitKuwait -0.2 thousand cubic metres 1990
133 EgyptEgypt -0.24 thousand cubic metres 1990
134 NigerNiger -0.33 thousand cubic metres 1990
135 IraqIraq -0.45 thousand cubic metres 1990
136 TurkmenistanTurkmenistan -0.49 thousand cubic metres 1990
137 SudanSudan -0.53 thousand cubic metres 1990
138 United Arab EmiratesUAE -0.91 thousand cubic metres 1990
139 NamibiaNamibia -1.94 thousand cubic metres 1990
140 ChadChad -3.28 thousand cubic metres 1990
141 BotswanaBotswana -7.46 thousand cubic metres 1990

Citation

"All countries compared for Environment > Water > Availability", Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, WaterGAP 2.1B, 2001 via ciesin.org. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Environment/Water/Availability

Environment > Water > Availability: Countries Compared Map

NationMaster

0

Chinese scientists studying glaciers on Mount Everest say they are shrinking faster than ever before due to global warming, an indication that world water supplies may be under threat.

Researchers found that the melting altitude of one of Everest’s glaciers had risen about 50 meters (165 feet) over a period of two years, more than twice as fast as usual. They also reported that a large, high-altitude cliff observed in 2002 seemed to have disappeared. On the Nepal side of the mountain, similar melting has occurred. In 2002, the U.N. warned that 40 Himalayan glacial lakes were on the verge of bursting and endangering nearby residents, as a result of global warming.

Three-quarters of the world’s fresh water is stored in glacial ice, especially in mountain areas, and released slowly into rivers during dry or hot months.

Some scientists say global warming could increase the average global temperature by 1.4 to 5.8 degrees Celsius (2.5 to 10.5 degrees Fahrenheit) over the next century, with catastrophic results, such as glaciers retreating, causing oceans to rise and flooding lowlands around the world.

Posted on 17 May 2005

Ian Graham <br>Staff Editor

Ian Graham <br>Staff Editor

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