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Environment > Marine areas under protection: Countries Compared

Author: Ian Graham <br>Staff Editor

Author: Ian Graham <br>Staff Editor

Ocean scientists estimate that there are at least 10 million undiscovered plant and animal species living in the ocean. In volume terms, 95 percent of the ocean has never been explored and almost all of the biological samples taken from the ocean come from the shallower half.

Scientists know very little about the ocean’s deeper portions, especially those more than 650 feet (200 meters) below the surface, which is the depth to which sunlight penetrates. Beyond this depth, photosynthesis cannot take place.

The deepest recorded ocean depth is 36,201 feet (11,034 meters) and the deepest manned submersible dive was 35,800 feet (10,911 meters) into the Mariana trench by the submersible “Trieste” in 1960.

DEFINITION: Protected marine areas under IUCN management categories I - VI (1992-2003).

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH
1 United StatesUnited States 229 2003
2 CanadaCanada 109 2003
3 IndonesiaIndonesia 95 2003
4 United KingdomUnited Kingdom 95 2003
Group of 7 countries (G7) averageGroup of 7 countries (G7) average 91.67 2003
5 FranceFrance 70 2003
6 BrazilBrazil 70 2003
7 New ZealandNew Zealand 67 2003
8 MalaysiaMalaysia 63 2003
9 IndiaIndia 60 2003
10 DenmarkDenmark 52 2003
11 SwedenSweden 46 2003
12 CubaCuba 43 2003
13 MexicoMexico 34 2003
14 ChinaChina 30 2003
15 ItalyItaly 28 2003
16 SpainSpain 27 2003
17 ArgentinaArgentina 26 2003
18 ChileChile 26 2003
Emerging markets averageEmerging markets average 22.5 2003
NATO countries averageNATO average 22.23 2003
19 South AfricaSouth Africa 20 2003
20 JapanJapan 19 2003
21 ThailandThailand 18 2003
22 PortugalPortugal 16 2003
23 VenezuelaVenezuela 16 2003
24 TurkeyTurkey 14 2003
25 Costa RicaCosta Rica 14 2003
26 RussiaRussia 14 2003
27 CroatiaCroatia 13 2003
28 Sri LankaSri Lanka 13 2003
29 EgyptEgypt 12 2003
30 BelizeBelize 11 2003
31 ColombiaColombia 11 2003
32 KenyaKenya 11 2003
33 NetherlandsNetherlands 10 2003
34 NorwayNorway 10 2003
35 PanamaPanama 10 2003
36 GreeceGreece 10 2003
37 UkraineUkraine 10 2003
38 HondurasHonduras 10 2003
39 Papua New GuineaPapua NG 9 2003
40 IsraelIsrael 8 2003
41 PhilippinesPhilippines 7 2003
42 AlbaniaAlbania 7 2003
43 VietnamVietnam 7 2003
44 RomaniaRomania 7 2003
45 SenegalSenegal 6 2003
46 Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad+ 6 2003
47 MozambiqueMozambique 6 2003
48 The GambiaThe Gambia 5 2003
49 IcelandIceland 5 2003
50 MoroccoMorocco 4 2003
51 SurinameSuriname 4 2003
52 PeruPeru 4 2003
53 AngolaAngola 4 2003
54 AlgeriaAlgeria 4 2003
55 UruguayUruguay 4 2003
56 NicaraguaNicaragua 4 2003
57 PolandPoland 4 2003
58 NamibiaNamibia 4 2003
59 LibyaLibya 3 2003
60 FinlandFinland 3 2003
61 BangladeshBangladesh 3 2003
62 IrelandIreland 3 2003
63 EstoniaEstonia 3 2003
64 MauritaniaMauritania 3 2003
65 LithuaniaLithuania 3 2003
66 Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia 3 2003
67 GuatemalaGuatemala 3 2003
68 AzerbaijanAzerbaijan 3 2003
69 Cote d'IvoireCote d'Ivoire 3 2003
70 CameroonCameroon 2 2003
71 MadagascarMadagascar 2 2003
72 El SalvadorEl Salvador 2 2003
73 FijiFiji 2 2003
74 PakistanPakistan 2 2003
75 OmanOman 2 2003
76 GabonGabon 2 2003
77 JamaicaJamaica 2 2003
78 LatviaLatvia 2 2003
79 BelgiumBelgium 2 2003
80 KuwaitKuwait 2 2003
81 TunisiaTunisia 2 2003
82 TurkmenistanTurkmenistan 1 2003
83 LiberiaLiberia 1 2003
84 GeorgiaGeorgia 1 2003
85 LebanonLebanon 1 2003
86 SudanSudan 1 2003
87 CambodiaCambodia 1 2003
88 SloveniaSlovenia 1 2003
89 Solomon IslandsSolomon Islands 1 2003
90 SomaliaSomalia 1 2003
91 BulgariaBulgaria 1 2003
92 BurundiBurundi 1 2003
93 Democratic Republic of the CongoCongo, DR. 1 2003
94 KazakhstanKazakhstan 1 2003
95 BurmaBurma 1 2003

Citation

"All countries compared for Environment > Marine areas under protection", World Resources Institute. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Environment/Marine-areas-under-protection

Environment > Marine areas under protection: Countries Compared Map

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Ocean scientists estimate that there are at least 10 million undiscovered plant and animal species living in the ocean. In volume terms, 95 percent of the ocean has never been explored and almost all of the biological samples taken from the ocean come from the shallower half.

Scientists know very little about the ocean’s deeper portions, especially those more than 650 feet (200 meters) below the surface, which is the depth to which sunlight penetrates. Beyond this depth, photosynthesis cannot take place.

The deepest recorded ocean depth is 36,201 feet (11,034 meters) and the deepest manned submersible dive was 35,800 feet (10,911 meters) into the Mariana trench by the submersible “Trieste” in 1960.

Posted on 21 Mar 2005

Ian Graham <br>Staff Editor

Ian Graham <br>Staff Editor

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