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Environment > Marine areas under protection: Countries Compared

Ian Graham, Staff Editor

Author: Ian Graham, Staff Editor

Ocean scientists estimate that there are at least 10 million undiscovered plant and animal species living in the ocean. In volume terms, 95 percent of the ocean has never been explored and almost all of the biological samples taken from the ocean come from the shallower half.

Scientists know very little about the ocean’s deeper portions, especially those more than 650 feet (200 meters) below the surface, which is the depth to which sunlight penetrates. Beyond this depth, photosynthesis cannot take place.

The deepest recorded ocean depth is 36,201 feet (11,034 meters) and the deepest manned submersible dive was 35,800 feet (10,911 meters) into the Mariana trench by the submersible “Trieste” in 1960.

DEFINITION: Protected marine areas under IUCN management categories I - VI (1992-2003).

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH
1 United States 229 2003
2 Canada 109 2003
=3 Indonesia 95 2003
=3 United Kingdom 95 2003
Group of 7 countries (G7) average (profile) 91.67 2003
=5 France 70 2003
=5 Brazil 70 2003
7 New Zealand 67 2003
8 Malaysia 63 2003
9 India 60 2003
10 Denmark 52 2003
11 Sweden 46 2003
12 Cuba 43 2003
13 Mexico 34 2003
14 China 30 2003
15 Italy 28 2003
16 Spain 27 2003
=17 Argentina 26 2003
=17 Chile 26 2003
Emerging markets average (profile) 22.5 2003
NATO countries average (profile) 22.23 2003
19 South Africa 20 2003
20 Japan 19 2003
21 Thailand 18 2003
=22 Portugal 16 2003
=22 Venezuela 16 2003
=24 Turkey 14 2003
=24 Costa Rica 14 2003
=24 Russia 14 2003
=27 Croatia 13 2003
=27 Sri Lanka 13 2003
29 Egypt 12 2003
=30 Belize 11 2003
=30 Colombia 11 2003
=30 Kenya 11 2003
=33 Netherlands 10 2003
=33 Norway 10 2003
=33 Panama 10 2003
=33 Greece 10 2003
=33 Ukraine 10 2003
=33 Honduras 10 2003
39 Papua New Guinea 9 2003
40 Israel 8 2003
=41 Philippines 7 2003
=41 Albania 7 2003
=41 Vietnam 7 2003
=41 Romania 7 2003
=45 Senegal 6 2003
=45 Trinidad and Tobago 6 2003
=45 Mozambique 6 2003
=48 The Gambia 5 2003
=48 Iceland 5 2003
=50 Morocco 4 2003
=50 Suriname 4 2003
=50 Peru 4 2003
=50 Angola 4 2003
=50 Algeria 4 2003
=50 Uruguay 4 2003
=50 Nicaragua 4 2003
=50 Poland 4 2003
=50 Namibia 4 2003
=59 Libya 3 2003
=59 Finland 3 2003
=59 Bangladesh 3 2003
=59 Ireland 3 2003
=59 Estonia 3 2003
=59 Mauritania 3 2003
=59 Lithuania 3 2003
=59 Saudi Arabia 3 2003
=59 Guatemala 3 2003
=59 Azerbaijan 3 2003
=59 Cote d'Ivoire 3 2003
=70 Cameroon 2 2003
=70 Madagascar 2 2003
=70 El Salvador 2 2003
=70 Fiji 2 2003
=70 Pakistan 2 2003
=70 Oman 2 2003
=70 Gabon 2 2003
=70 Jamaica 2 2003
=70 Latvia 2 2003
=70 Belgium 2 2003
=70 Kuwait 2 2003
=70 Tunisia 2 2003
=82 Turkmenistan 1 2003
=82 Liberia 1 2003
=82 Georgia 1 2003
=82 Lebanon 1 2003
=82 Sudan 1 2003
=82 Cambodia 1 2003
=82 Slovenia 1 2003
=82 Solomon Islands 1 2003
=82 Somalia 1 2003
=82 Bulgaria 1 2003
=82 Burundi 1 2003
=82 Democratic Republic of the Congo 1 2003
=82 Kazakhstan 1 2003
=82 Burma 1 2003

Citation

"Countries Compared by Environment > Marine areas under protection. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", World Resources Institute. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Environment/Marine-areas-under-protection

Environment > Marine areas under protection: Countries Compared Map

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Interesting observations about Environment > Marine areas under protection

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Ocean scientists estimate that there are at least 10 million undiscovered plant and animal species living in the ocean. In volume terms, 95 percent of the ocean has never been explored and almost all of the biological samples taken from the ocean come from the shallower half.

Scientists know very little about the ocean’s deeper portions, especially those more than 650 feet (200 meters) below the surface, which is the depth to which sunlight penetrates. Beyond this depth, photosynthesis cannot take place.

The deepest recorded ocean depth is 36,201 feet (11,034 meters) and the deepest manned submersible dive was 35,800 feet (10,911 meters) into the Mariana trench by the submersible “Trieste” in 1960.

Posted on 21 Mar 2005

Ian Graham, Staff Editor

Ian Graham, Staff Editor

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