Professor Gjorgje Ivanov was sworn in as Macedonia's fourth democratically-elected president on 12 May 2009, following his victory in the second round of the presidential election.
Although he was put forward as a presidential candidate by the governing VMRO-DPMNE party, he is not a member.
President Ivanov, who was born in 1960, has spent most of his professional life as a university law professor.
A key priority of Mr Ivanov's presidency has been to resolve Macedonia's long-standing name dispute with Greece.
His predecessor, Social Democrat Branko Crvenkovski, who was elected in 2004, won praise in the West for supporting reconciliation with the substantial Albanian minority.
Macedonia's presidents are directly elected for a five-year term. The president appoints the prime minister, and legislative power is vested in parliament.
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"Republic of Macedonia Government Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Republic-of-Macedonia/Government
"Republic of Macedonia Government Stats, NationMaster." 1993-2014. <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Republic-of-Macedonia/Government>.
'Republic of Macedonia Government Stats, NationMaster', <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Republic-of-Macedonia/Government> [assessed 1993-2014]
"Republic of Macedonia Government Stats", NationMaster [Internet]. 1993-2014. Avaliable from: <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Republic-of-Macedonia/Government>.
"Republic of Macedonia Government Stats", NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 1993-2014.
"Republic of Macedonia Government Stats, NationMaster," http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Republic-of-Macedonia/Government (assessed 1993-2014)
"Republic of Macedonia Government Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Republic-of-Macedonia/Government (last visited 1993-2014)
"Republic of Macedonia Government Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Republic-of-Macedonia/Government (as of 1993-2014)