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Republic of Macedonia

Republic of Macedonia Government Stats

Profile:

Professor Gjorgje Ivanov was sworn in as Macedonia's fourth democratically-elected president on 12 May 2009, following his victory in the second round of the presidential election.

Although he was put forward as a presidential candidate by the governing VMRO-DPMNE party, he is not a member.

President Ivanov, who was born in 1960, has spent most of his professional life as a university law professor.

A key priority of Mr Ivanov's presidency has been to resolve Macedonia's long-standing name dispute with Greece.

His predecessor, Social Democrat Branko Crvenkovski, who was elected in 2004, won praise in the West for supporting reconciliation with the substantial Albanian minority.

Macedonia's presidents are directly elected for a five-year term. The president appoints the prime minister, and legislative power is vested in parliament.

Definitions

  • Administrative divisions: This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (BGN). Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by BGN are noted.
  • Constitution: The dates of adoption, revisions, and major amendments to a nation's constitution
  • Country name > Conventional long form: This entry is derived from Government > Country name, which includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (Italy is used as an example): conventional long form (Italian Republic), conventional short form (Italy), local long form (Repubblica Italiana), local short form (Italia), former (Kingdom of Italy), as well as the abbreviation. Also see the Terminology note.
  • Diplomatic representation from the US > Chief of mission: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • Executive branch > Cabinet: Cabinet includes the official name for any body of high-ranking advisers roughly comparable to a U.S. Cabinet. Also notes the method for selection of members.
  • Executive branch > Elections: Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election
  • Executive branch > Head of government: Head of government includes the name and title of the top administrative leader who is designated to manage the day-to-day activities of the government. For example, in the UK, the monarch is the chief of state, and the prime minister is the head of government. In the US, the president is both the chief of state and the head of government.
  • Government type: A description of the basic form of government (e.g., republic, constitutional monarchy, federal republic, parliamentary democracy, military dictatorship).
  • International organization participation: This entry lists in alphabetical order by abbreviation those international organizations in which the subject country is a member or participates in some other way.
  • Judicial branch: The name(s) of the highest court(s) and a brief description of the selection process for members.
  • Legal system: A brief description of the legal system's historical roots, role in government, and acceptance of International Court of Justice (ICJ) jurisdiction.
  • Political parties and leaders: Significant political organizations and their leaders.
  • Political pressure groups and leaders: Organizations with leaders involved in politics, but not standing for legislative election.
  • Suffrage: The age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Administrative divisions 71 municipalities (opstini, singular - opstina); Aracinovo, Berovo, Bitola, Bogdanci, Bogovinje, Bosilovo, Brvenica, Caska, Centar Zupa, Cesinovo-Oblesevo, Cucer Sandevo, Debar, Debarca, Delcevo, Demir Hisar, Demir Kapija, Dojran, Dolneni, Gevgelija, Gostivar, Grad Skopje, Gradsko, Ilinden, Jegunovce, Karbinci, Kavadarci, Kicevo, Kocani, Konce, Kratovo, Kriva Palanka, Krivogastani, Krusevo, Kumanovo, Lipkovo, Lozovo, Makedonska Kamenica, Makedonski Brod, Mavrovo i Rostusa, Mogila, Negotino, Novaci, Novo Selo, Ohrid, Pehcevo, Petrovec, Plasnica, Prilep, Probistip, Radovis, Rankovce, Resen, Rosoman, Sopiste, Staro Nagoricane, Stip, Struga, Strumica, Studenicani, Sveti Nikole, Tearce, Tetovo, Valandovo, Vasilevo, Veles, Vevcani, Vinica, Vrapciste, Zelenikovo, Zelino, Zrnovci 2013
Constitution adopted 17 November 1991, effective 20 November 1991; amended November 2001, 2005, and in 2009 2012
Country name > Conventional long form Republic of Macedonia 2013
Diplomatic representation from the US > Chief of mission Ambassador Paul D. WOHLERS (since 11 August 2011) 2013
Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address American Embassy Skopje, US Department of State, 7120 Skopje Place, Washington, DC 20521-7120 (pouch) 2013
Executive branch > Cabinet Council of Ministers elected by the majority vote of all the deputies in the Assembly 2013
Executive branch > Elections president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); two-round election: first round held on 22 March 2009, second round held on 5 April 2009 (next to be held in March 2014); prime minister elected by the Assembly following legislative elections; the leader of the majority party or majority coalition usually elected prime minister 2013
Executive branch > Head of government Prime Minister Nikola GRUEVSKI (since 26 August 2006) 2013
Government type parliamentary democracy 2013
International organization participation BIS, CD, CE, CEI, EAPC, EBRD, EU (candidate country), FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (NGOs), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), IPU, ISO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, OAS (observer), OIF, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP, SELEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO 2013
Judicial branch Supreme Court; Constitutional Court; Judicial Council 2012
Legal system civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts 2013
Political parties and leaders Albanian Democratic Union or BDSh [Bardhyl MAHMUTI]
Democratic League of Bosniaks in Macedonia [Rafet MUMINOVIC]
Democratic Party of Serbs in Macedonia or DPSM [Ivan STOILJKOVIC]
Democratic Party of the Albanians or PDSh [Menduh THACI]
Democratic Party of Turks of Macedonia or DPTM [Kenan HASIPI]
Democratic Renewal of Macedonia or DOM [Liljana POPOVSKA]
Democratic Union or DS [Pavle TRAJANOV]
Democratic Union for Integration or BDI [Ali AHMETI]
Dosoinstvo (Diginity) [Stojance ANGELOV]
Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization - Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity or VMRO-DPMNE [Nikola GRUEVSKI]
Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization - People's Party or VMRO-NP [Ljubco GEORGIEVSKI]
Liberal Democratic Party or LDP [Andrej ZENOVSKI]
Liberal Party of Macedonia or LP [Ivon VELICKOVSKI]
Movement for Turkish National Union [Erdogan SARAC]
National Democratic Revival or RDK [Rufi OSMANI]
New Democracy or ND [Imer SELMANI]
New Social-Democratic Party or NSDP [Tito PETKOVSKI]
Party for Democratic Action of Macedonia or SDA [Avdija PEPIC]
Party for the Total Emancipation of Roma or PCER [Samka IBRAIMOVSKI]
Party of United Democrats of Macedonia or PODEM [Zivko JANKULOVSKI]
Party on European Future or PEI [Fijat CANOSKI]
Serbian Progressive Party in Macedonia or SPSM [Dragisha MILETIC]
Social Democratic Union of Macedonia or SDSM [Branko CRVENKOVSKI]
Socialist Party of Macedonia or SP [Ljubisav IVNAOV DZINGO]
Union of Roma of Macedonia or SR [Amdi BAJRAM]
United for Macedonia or OM [Ljube BOSKOSKI]
2013
Political pressure groups and leaders Federation of Free Trade Unions [Mirjana ANDREVSKA]
Federation of Trade Unions [Zivko MITREVSKI]
Trade Union of Education, Science and Culture [Jakim NEDELKOV]
2013
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal 2013

SOURCES: CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

Citation

"Republic of Macedonia Government Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Republic-of-Macedonia/Government