Ma Ying-jeou was voted into office in 2008 and won a second term in January 2012.
After his re-election he promised further steps towards reconciliation with China, having campaigned on his record of economic rapprochement with Beijing.
China indicated its satisfaction at the result, saying that peace and development across the Taiwan strait was the correct path.
A lawyer by education, Mr Ma rose through the ranks of the Kuomintang to become the youngest ever cabinet minister in 1988.
As justice minister in 1993-1996 he acquired a reputation for combating corruption, and won back Taipei from the Democratic Progressive Party in the mayoral elections of 1998.
He led the Kuomintang in 2005-2007, scoring significant wins in the 2005 local elections. He stepped down from the party chairmanship in order to successfully contest allegations of misuse of funds in 2007.
Among the results of Mr Ma's policy of rapprochement are the 2008 resumption of direct flights, a 2009 agreement to facilitate investment in the island from the mainland, as well as a landmark trade deal signed in June 2010. He is said to have reduced tensions with Beijing to the lowest level since the end of a civil war in 1949.
But his opponents have warned that his policies could hurt the island's sovereignty and lead to eventual reunification with China.
- Administrative divisions: This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (BGN). Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by BGN are noted.
- Capital city > Geographic coordinates: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
- Capital city > Name: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
- Constitution: The dates of adoption, revisions, and major amendments to a nation's constitution
- Country name > Conventional long form: This entry is derived from Government > Country name, which includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (Italy is used as an example): conventional long form (Italian Republic), conventional short form (Italy), local long form (Repubblica Italiana), local short form (Italia), former (Kingdom of Italy), as well as the abbreviation. Also see the Terminology note.
- Executive branch > Cabinet: Cabinet includes the official name for any body of high-ranking advisers roughly comparable to a U.S. Cabinet. Also notes the method for selection of members.
- Executive branch > Head of government: Head of government includes the name and title of the top administrative leader who is designated to manage the day-to-day activities of the government. For example, in the UK, the monarch is the chief of state, and the prime minister is the head of government. In the US, the president is both the chief of state and the head of government.
- Government type: A description of the basic form of government (e.g., republic, constitutional monarchy, federal republic, parliamentary democracy, military dictatorship).
- International organization participation: This entry lists in alphabetical order by abbreviation those international organizations in which the subject country is a member or participates in some other way.
- Judicial branch: The name(s) of the highest court(s) and a brief description of the selection process for members.
- Legal system: A brief description of the legal system's historical roots, role in government, and acceptance of International Court of Justice (ICJ) jurisdiction.
- Legislative branch: This entry contains information on the structure (unicameral, bicameral, tricameral), formal name, number of seats, and term of office. Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election. Election results includes the percent of vote and/or number of seats held by each party in the last election.
- Political parties and leaders: Significant political organizations and their leaders.
- Political pressure groups and leaders: Organizations with leaders involved in politics, but not standing for legislative election.
- Suffrage: The age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted
"Taiwan Government Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Taiwan/Government
"Taiwan Government Stats, NationMaster." 1911-2014. <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Taiwan/Government>.
'Taiwan Government Stats, NationMaster', <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Taiwan/Government> [assessed 1911-2014]
"Taiwan Government Stats", NationMaster [Internet]. 1911-2014. Avaliable from: <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Taiwan/Government>.
"Taiwan Government Stats", NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 1911-2014.
"Taiwan Government Stats, NationMaster," http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Taiwan/Government (assessed 1911-2014)
"Taiwan Government Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Taiwan/Government (last visited 1911-2014)
"Taiwan Government Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Taiwan/Government (as of 1911-2014)