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Health > Nutrition Stats: compare key data on China & United States

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Definitions

  • % of under-fives suffering from stunting moderate & severe: Health - Nutrition - % of under-fives (1995-2002) suffering from: stunting moderate & severe
  • % of under-fives suffering from underweight moderate & severe: Health - Nutrition - % of under-fives (1995-2002) suffering from: underweight moderate & severe
  • Depth of hunger > Kilocalories per person per day: Depth of hunger or the intensity of food deprivation, indicates how much food-deprived people fall short of minimum food needs in terms of dietary energy. The food deficit, in kilocalories per person per day, is measured by comparing the average amount of dietary energy that undernourished people get from the foods they eat with the minimum amount of dietary energy they need to maintain body weight and undertake light activity. The depth of hunger is low when it is less than 200 kilocalories per person per day, and high when it is higher than 300 kilocalories per person per day."
  • Low-birthweight babies > % of births: Low-birthweight babies are newborns weighing less than 2,500 grams, with the measurement taken within the first hours of life, before significant postnatal weight loss has occurred."
  • Malnutrition prevalence > Height for age > % of children under 5: Prevalence of child malnutrition is the percentage of children under age 5 whose height for age (stunting) is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59 months. For children up to two years old height is measured by recumbent length. For older children height is measured by stature while standing. The data are based on the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • Prevalence of overweight > % of children under 5: Prevalence of overweight children is the percentage of children under age 5 whose weight for height is more than two standard deviations above the median for the international reference population of the corresponding age as established by the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population: Population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (also referred to as prevalence of undernourishment) shows the percentage of the population whose food intake is insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements continuously. Data showing as 2.5 signifies a prevalence of undernourishment below 2.5%.
STAT China United States HISTORY
% of under-fives suffering from stunting moderate & severe 16
Ranked 83th. 8 times more than United States
2
Ranked 130th.
% of under-fives suffering from underweight moderate & severe 11
Ranked 87th. 11 times more than United States
1
Ranked 136th.
Depth of hunger > Kilocalories per person per day 250
Ranked 39th. 3 times more than United States
100
Ranked 147th.

Low-birthweight babies > % of births 2.2%
Ranked 38th.
7.8%
Ranked 12th. 4 times more than China

Malnutrition prevalence > Height for age > % of children under 5 21.8%
Ranked 9th. 6 times more than United States
3.9%
Ranked 16th.

Prevalence of overweight > % of children under 5 9.2%
Ranked 4th. 15% more than United States
8%
Ranked 9th.

Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population 10%
Ranked 72nd. Twice as much as United States
5%
Ranked 116th.

SOURCES: UNICEF; Food and Agriculture Organisation, Food Security Statistics (http://www.fao.org/economic/ess/food-security-statistics/en/).; UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, and Demographic and Health Surveys by Macro International.; World Health Organisation, Global Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition.; Food and Agriculture Organisation (http://www.fao.org/faostat/foodsecurity/index_en.htm).

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