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Labor Stats: compare key data on China & United States

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Definitions

  • Employment rate > Adults: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Expense > Current LCU: Expense (current LCU). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • Female retirement age: Women.

    China had range specified: 50-55

    Czech Republic had range specified: 59-63

    Denmark had range specified: 65-67

    Finland had range specified: 62-68

    Greece had range specified: 60-67

    Netherlands had range specified: 65-67

    Sweden had range specified: 61-67

    United States had range specified: 62-67

  • GNI > Current US$: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • GNI > Current US$ per capita: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Hours worked > Standard workweek: Standard workweek (hours).
  • Labor force: The total labor force figure
  • Labor force > By occupation: Component parts of the labor force by occupation.
  • Labor force per 1000: The total labor force figure. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Labor force, total: Labor force, total. Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector.
  • Labor force, total per 1000: Labor force, total. Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male retirement age: Men.

    Denmark had range specified: 65-67

    Finland had range specified: 62-68

    Netherlands had range specified: 65-67

    Sweden had range specified: 61-67

    United States had range specified: 62-67

  • Salaries and benefits > Hourly minimum wage: Hourly minimum wage at international USD (this means that discrepancies in purchasing power have been compensated for).
  • Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage: Minimum wage.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Unemployment rate: The percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted.
  • GNI per capita > Constant LCU: GNI per capita (constant LCU). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Expense > Current LCU per capita: Expense (current LCU). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Employment rate > Women: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Labor force > Total: Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organisation definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector."
  • Employment rate > Men: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Force > Total > Per capita: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Force > Total: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector.
  • GNI > Current LCU: GNI (current LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency.
  • Female economic activity: Female economic activity rate (aged 15 and above) in 2000.
  • Labor force > Per capita: The total labor force figure Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 30-34: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Employment rate > Young adults: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Rigidity of employment index > 0=less rigid to 100=more rigid: The rigidity of employment index measures the regulation of employment, specifically the hiring and firing of workers and the rigidity of working hours. This index is the average of three subindexes: a difficulty of hiring index, a rigidity of hours index, and a difficulty of firing index. The index ranges from 0 to 100, with higher values indicating more rigid regulations."
  • Female economic activity growth: The % change in the female economic activity rate (aged 15 and above) from 1990 to 2000.
  • Employment rate > Young men: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employment rate > Young women: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 65 plus: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • GDP per person employed > Constant 1990 PPP $: GDP per person employed is gross domestic product (GDP) divided by total employment in the economy. Purchasing power parity (PPP) GDP is GDP converted to 1990 constant international dollars using PPP rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP that a U.S. dollar has in the United States.
  • GNI per capita > Constant 2000 US$: GNI per capita (constant 2000 US$). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • GNI > Constant LCU: GNI (constant LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency.
  • GNI > Constant LCU per capita: GNI (constant LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged above 14: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged 15 to 24: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged above 14: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 45-49: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per $ GDP: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration.
  • Economic activity > Women aged 40-44: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 35-39: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 20-24: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 15-19: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 15-19: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$, % of GDP: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Net income from abroad > Constant LCU per million: Net income from abroad (constant LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged 15 to 24: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • GNI growth > Annual %: GNI growth (annual %). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.
  • GNI per capita > Current LCU: GNI per capita (current LCU). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency.
  • Net income from abroad > Constant LCU: Net income from abroad (constant LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in constant local currency.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 65 plus: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 25-29: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 35-39: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 60-64: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 35-39: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Force > Female > % of total labor force: Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 20-24: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 25-29: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 20-24: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 65 plus: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 60-64: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 30-34: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$ per million: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Employment in industry > % of total employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water)."
  • Personal remittances, received > % of GDP: Personal remittances, received (% of GDP). Personal remittances comprise personal transfers and compensation of employees. Personal transfers consist of all current transfers in cash or in kind made or received by resident households to or from nonresident households. Personal transfers thus include all current transfers between resident and nonresident individuals. Compensation of employees refers to the income of border, seasonal, and other short-term workers who are employed in an economy where they are not resident and of residents employed by nonresident entities. Data are the sum of two items defined in the sixth edition of the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual: personal transfers and compensation of employees.
  • Net income from abroad > Current LCU: Net income from abroad (current LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current local currency.
  • Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Force participation rate > Female > % of female population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 40-44: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 50-54: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 55-59: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Net income from abroad > Current LCU per million: Net income from abroad (current LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration.
  • Labor force > Female > % of total labor force: Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organisation's definition of the economically active population.
  • Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector > % of total nonagricultural employment: Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector is the share of female workers in the nonagricultural sector (industry and services), expressed as a percentage of total employment in the nonagricultural sector. Industry includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, electricity, gas, and water, corresponding to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3). Services include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services-corresponding to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 30-34: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 15-19: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • GNI > Current US$, % of GDP: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • GNI > Current LCU per capita: GNI (current LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Expense > % of GDP: Expense (% of GDP). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense: Subsidies and other transfers (% of expense). Subsidies, grants, and other social benefits include all unrequited, nonrepayable transfers on current account to private and public enterprises; grants to foreign governments, international organizations, and other government units; and social security, social assistance benefits, and employer social benefits in cash and in kind.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 40-44: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per $ GDP: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 50-54: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 45-49: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 50-54: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 55-59: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 60-64: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 25-29: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, female > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, female (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 55-59: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Economic activity > Women aged 45-49: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Force participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, male > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, male (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, total > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, total (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Force participation rate > Male > % of male population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Unemployment, total > % of total labor force: Unemployment, total (% of total labor force). Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Force > Total per 1000: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Employment in agriculture > % of total employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing."
  • Employment in services > % of total employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services."
  • Labor participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15+: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
STAT China United States HISTORY
Employment rate > Adults 71
Ranked 23th. 20% more than United States
59.2
Ranked 74th.

Expense > Current LCU 1.78 trillion
Ranked 15th.
3.92 trillion
Ranked 18th. 2 times more than China

Female retirement age 52.5
Ranked 31st.
64.5
Ranked 3rd. 23% more than China
GNI > Current US$ $8.18 trillion
Ranked 3rd.
$16.51 trillion
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than China

GNI > Current US$ per capita $6,059.82
Ranked 78th.
$52,608.35
Ranked 8th. 9 times more than China

Hours worked > Standard workweek 40 hours
Ranked 112th. The same as United States
40 hours
Ranked 108th.
Labor force 819.5 million
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than United States
154.9 million
Ranked 4th.

Labor force > By occupation agriculture 49%, industry 22%, services 29% farming, forestry, and fishing 0.7%, manufacturing, extraction, transportation, and crafts 22.9%, managerial, professional, and technical 34.9%, sales and office 25%, other services 16.5%; <i>note:</i> figures exclude the unemployed
Labor force per 1000 612.62
Ranked 5th. 22% more than United States
500.77
Ranked 33th.

Labor force, total 787.63 million
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than United States
158.69 million
Ranked 4th.

Labor force, total per 1000 583.13
Ranked 10th. 15% more than United States
505.51
Ranked 51st.

Male retirement age 60
Ranked 31st.
64.5
Ranked 5th. 8% more than China
Salaries and benefits > Hourly minimum wage $1.73
Ranked 74th.
$7.25
Ranked 13th. 4 times more than China
Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage The minimum wage in China is set locally, ranges from 830 RMB per month, 7.50 RMB per hour in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region to 1,400 RMB per month, 15.2 RMB per hour in Beijing . The federal minimum wage in the United States is US$ 7.25 per hour. States may also set a minimum, in which case the higher of the two is controlling; some territories are exempt and have lower rates.
Unemployment rate 4%
Ranked 74th.
9.7%
Ranked 31st. 2 times more than China

GNI per capita > Constant LCU 23,327.51
Ranked 67th.
46,084.41
Ranked 47th. 98% more than China

Expense > Current LCU per capita 1,372.17
Ranked 105th.
12,566.94
Ranked 57th. 9 times more than China

Employment rate > Women 67.2
Ranked 15th. 27% more than United States
52.9
Ranked 50th.

Labor force > Total 776.88 million
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than United States
158.37 million
Ranked 4th.

Employment rate > Men 74.6
Ranked 59th. 13% more than United States
66
Ranked 107th.

Force > Total > Per capita 0.595 per capita
Ranked 3rd. 14% more than United States
0.524 per capita
Ranked 22nd.

Force > Total 776.05 million
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than United States
155.46 million
Ranked 3rd.

GNI > Current LCU 51.67 trillion
Ranked 17th. 3 times more than United States
16.51 trillion
Ranked 27th.

Female economic activity 72.7%
Ranked 19th. 24% more than United States
58.8%
Ranked 57th.
Labor force > Per capita 611.69 per 1,000 people
Ranked 5th. 20% more than United States
508.4 per 1,000 people
Ranked 42nd.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 30-34 95.68%
Ranked 6th. 11% more than United States
86.54%
Ranked 69th.
Employment rate > Young adults 54.5
Ranked 32nd. 7% more than United States
50.7
Ranked 45th.

Net income from abroad > Current US$ $-42,139,426,000.00
Ranked 161st.
$269.90 billion
Ranked 1st.

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ per capita 2$
Ranked 114th.
138.98$
Ranked 28th. 70 times more than China

Rigidity of employment index > 0=less rigid to 100=more rigid 31
Ranked 72nd.
0.0
Ranked 170th.

Female economic activity growth -1%
Ranked 122nd.
6%
Ranked 56th.
Employment rate > Young men 49.9
Ranked 73th.
51.7
Ranked 69th. 4% more than China

Employment rate > Young women 59.7
Ranked 18th. 20% more than United States
49.7
Ranked 34th.

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per capita 1,994.63$ per 1,000 people
Ranked 116th.
138,564.64$ per 1,000 people
Ranked 29th. 69 times more than China

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 65 plus 16.85%
Ranked 96th. 70% more than United States
9.92%
Ranked 124th.
GDP per person employed > Constant 1990 PPP $ $10,378.00
Ranked 80th.
$65,480.00
Ranked 1st. 6 times more than China

GNI per capita > Constant 2000 US$ $3,331.08
Ranked 61st.
$46,084.41
Ranked 6th. 14 times more than China

GNI > Constant LCU 31.51 trillion
Ranked 10th. 2 times more than United States
14.47 trillion
Ranked 14th.

GNI > Constant LCU per capita 23,327.51
Ranked 67th.
46,084.41
Ranked 47th. 98% more than China

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged above 14 78.9%
Ranked 39th. 14% more than United States
69.5%
Ranked 99th.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged 15 to 24 66.3%
Ranked 11th. 23% more than United States
54%
Ranked 29th.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged above 14 66.8%
Ranked 15th. 17% more than United States
57%
Ranked 37th.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 45-49 90.32%
Ranked 36th. 5% more than United States
86.12%
Ranked 58th.
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per $ GDP 1.17$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 115th.
3.31$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 81st. 3 times more than China

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ 2.6 billion$
Ranked 17th.
41.07 billion$
Ranked 1st. 16 times more than China

Economic activity > Women aged 40-44 89.72%
Ranked 26th. 9% more than United States
82.15%
Ranked 52nd.
Economic activity > Men aged 35-39 98.8%
Ranked 9th. 6% more than United States
93.35%
Ranked 163th.
Economic activity > Men aged 20-24 92.41%
Ranked 7th. 18% more than United States
78.54%
Ranked 139th.
Economic activity > Men aged 15-19 55.79%
Ranked 50th. 39% more than United States
40.19%
Ranked 98th.
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 15-19 58.63%
Ranked 24th. 51% more than United States
38.86%
Ranked 81st.
Net income from abroad > Current US$, % of GDP -0.504%
Ranked 47th.
1.72%
Ranked 20th.

Net income from abroad > Constant LCU per million 223.91 million
Ranked 19th.
753.24 million
Ranked 12th. 3 times more than China

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged 15 to 24 62.9%
Ranked 31st. 13% more than United States
55.8%
Ranked 60th.

GNI growth > Annual % 8.25%
Ranked 12th. 3 times more than United States
2.42%
Ranked 67th.

GNI per capita > Current LCU 38,251.58
Ranked 98th.
52,608.35
Ranked 90th. 38% more than China

Net income from abroad > Constant LCU 300.97 billion
Ranked 5th. 27% more than United States
236.45 billion
Ranked 6th.

Economic activity > Men aged 65 plus 27.52%
Ranked 98th. 2 times more than United States
13.49%
Ranked 127th.
Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 0.8%
Ranked 66th.
12.4%
Ranked 38th. 16 times more than China

Economic activity > Men aged 25-29 97.98%
Ranked 6th. 8% more than United States
90.93%
Ranked 159th.
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 35-39 95.79%
Ranked 9th. 10% more than United States
87.29%
Ranked 68th.
Economic activity > Women aged 60-64 27.17%
Ranked 80th.
33.2%
Ranked 67th. 22% more than China
Economic activity > Women aged 35-39 92.59%
Ranked 13th. 14% more than United States
81.1%
Ranked 54th.
Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 1%
Ranked 67th.
11.3%
Ranked 41st. 11 times more than China

Force > Female > % of total labor force 44.54%
Ranked 66th.
46.23%
Ranked 44th. 4% more than China

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 20-24 91.64%
Ranked 1st. 21% more than United States
75.54%
Ranked 63th.
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 25-29 95.31%
Ranked 3rd. 12% more than United States
85.46%
Ranked 56th.
Economic activity > Women aged 20-24 90.81%
Ranked 1st. 25% more than United States
72.42%
Ranked 52nd.
Economic activity > Women aged 65 plus 7.6%
Ranked 94th. 3% more than United States
7.41%
Ranked 95th.
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 60-64 43.84%
Ranked 94th. 6% more than United States
41.42%
Ranked 101st.
Economic activity > Women aged 30-34 92.57%
Ranked 11th. 16% more than United States
79.8%
Ranked 57th.
Net income from abroad > Current US$ per million $-31,198,328.27
Ranked 65th.
$859.79 million
Ranked 9th.

Employment in industry > % of total employment 17.7%
Ranked 76th.
20.6%
Ranked 55th. 16% more than China

Personal remittances, received > % of GDP 0.477%
Ranked 100th. 12 times more than United States
0.0387%
Ranked 136th.

Net income from abroad > Current LCU -265,998,082,043.652
Ranked 137th.
269.9 billion
Ranked 6th.

Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force 4.2%
Ranked 7th.
5.5%
Ranked 55th. 31% more than China

Force participation rate > Female > % of female population ages 15-64 75.79%
Ranked 15th. 8% more than United States
70.07%
Ranked 34th.

Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 1.1%
Ranked 67th.
10.1%
Ranked 42nd. 9 times more than China

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 40-44 94.18%
Ranked 19th. 8% more than United States
87.2%
Ranked 67th.
Economic activity > Women aged 50-54 64.02%
Ranked 73th.
72.09%
Ranked 50th. 13% more than China
Economic activity > Women aged 55-59 45.43%
Ranked 74th.
58.96%
Ranked 44th. 30% more than China
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per capita 17.24$ per capita
Ranked 110th. 75% more than United States
9.87$ per capita
Ranked 124th.

Net income from abroad > Current LCU per million -196,934,231.669
Ranked 55th.
859.79 million
Ranked 19th.

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ 22.49 billion$
Ranked 2nd. 8 times more than United States
2.92 billion$
Ranked 26th.

Labor force > Female > % of total labor force 44.65%
Ranked 77th.
46.09%
Ranked 57th. 3% more than China

Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector > % of total nonagricultural employment 39.1%
Ranked 74th.
47.4%
Ranked 31st. 21% more than China

Unemployment > Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force 4.2%
Ranked 53th.
5.8%
Ranked 43th. 38% more than China

Economic activity > Men aged 30-34 98.6%
Ranked 7th. 6% more than United States
93.16%
Ranked 164th.
Economic activity > Women aged 15-19 61.7%
Ranked 15th. 65% more than United States
37.46%
Ranked 59th.
GNI > Current US$, % of GDP 97.93%
Ranked 82nd.
105.29%
Ranked 12th. 8% more than China

GNI > Current LCU per capita 38,251.58
Ranked 98th.
52,608.35
Ranked 90th. 38% more than China

Expense > % of GDP 11.12%
Ranked 113th.
25.21%
Ranked 60th. 2 times more than China

Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense 63.84%
Ranked 18th.
65.63%
Ranked 21st. 3% more than China

Economic activity > Men aged 40-44 98.32%
Ranked 16th. 7% more than United States
92.17%
Ranked 163th.
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per $ GDP 10.07$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 84th. 43 times more than United States
0.235$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 150th.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 50-54 78.81%
Ranked 68th.
80.24%
Ranked 63th. 2% more than China
Economic activity > Men aged 45-49 97.3%
Ranked 35th. 6% more than United States
92.2%
Ranked 156th.
Economic activity > Men aged 50-54 92.56%
Ranked 90th. 4% more than United States
88.58%
Ranked 137th.
Economic activity > Men aged 55-59 81.61%
Ranked 112th. 7% more than United States
76.57%
Ranked 137th.
Economic activity > Men aged 60-64 59.64%
Ranked 109th. 18% more than United States
50.34%
Ranked 121st.
Economic activity > Women aged 25-29 92.47%
Ranked 6th. 16% more than United States
79.87%
Ranked 49th.
Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male > % 51.9%
Ranked 54th. 22% more than United States
42.6%
Ranked 98th.

Employment to population ratio, 15+, female > % 61.5%
Ranked 37th. 18% more than United States
52.3%
Ranked 64th.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 55-59 64.21%
Ranked 77th.
67.56%
Ranked 65th. 5% more than China
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ per capita 17.25$
Ranked 108th. 74% more than United States
9.89$
Ranked 123th.

Economic activity > Women aged 45-49 82.99%
Ranked 38th. 4% more than United States
80.06%
Ranked 48th.
Force participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15-64 81.97%
Ranked 15th. 8% more than United States
75.75%
Ranked 40th.

Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total > % 50.8%
Ranked 44th. 20% more than United States
42.2%
Ranked 72nd.

Employment to population ratio, 15+, male > % 74.1%
Ranked 57th. 17% more than United States
63.6%
Ranked 122nd.

Employment to population ratio, 15+, total > % 68%
Ranked 36th. 18% more than United States
57.8%
Ranked 95th.

Force participation rate > Male > % of male population ages 15-64 87.79%
Ranked 28th. 8% more than United States
81.46%
Ranked 101st.

Unemployment, total > % of total labor force 4%
Ranked 92nd.
8.1%
Ranked 37th. 2 times more than China

Force > Total per 1000 595.26
Ranked 5th. 13% more than United States
526.07
Ranked 21st.

Employment in agriculture > % of total employment 44.1%
Ranked 11th. 32 times more than United States
1.4%
Ranked 68th.

Employment in services > % of total employment 16.1%
Ranked 94th.
78%
Ranked 5th. 5 times more than China

Labor participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15+ 73.8%
Ranked 27th. 13% more than United States
65.4%
Ranked 76th.

SOURCES: International Labour Organisation, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators.; Wikipedia: Retirement age (Retirement age); World Bank national accounts data; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of minimum wages by country (Countries) ("Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2013" . State.gov . Retrieved 2014-03-04 .); CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of minimum wages by country (Countries); International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Labour Organisation, using World Bank population estimates.; World Development Indicators database; calculated on the basis of data on the economically active population and total population from ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; Economic activity rate and economically active population, by sex, thirteen age groups, 1950-2010 (ILO estimates and projections) are data from the International Labour Union (ILO). Source details: ILO, Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, fourth edition, diskette database (Geneva, 1997). The latest set of estimates and projections covering the period 1950-2010 (4th edition) was released by ILO in December 1996. These data are updated every five-ten years by ILO and a new set of these data is in preparation; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Bank national accounts data. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; World Bank staff estimates; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates. World Bank World Development Indicators.

Citation

"Labor: China and United States compared", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/compare/China/United-States/Labor