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People > Fertility Stats: compare key data on China & United States

Definitions

  • Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19). Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Lifetime risk of maternal death > %: Lifetime risk of maternal death (%). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country: Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in: rate varies by country). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Low-birthweight babies > % of births: Low-birthweight babies (% of births). Low-birthweight babies are newborns weighing less than 2,500 grams, with the measurement taken within the first hours of life, before significant postnatal weight loss has occurred.
  • Maternal mortality ratio > National estimate, per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio (national estimate, per 100,000 live births). Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die from pregnancy-related causes while pregnant or within 42 days of pregnancy termination per 100,000 live births.
  • Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given: Maternity leave benefits.
  • Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Mortality rate, neonatal > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, neonatal (per 1,000 live births). Neonatal mortality rate is the number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Mortality rate, under-5 > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births). Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates.
  • Mortality rate, under-5, female > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, female (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, female (per 1,000)
  • Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000)
  • Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Number of maternal deaths per million: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49: Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15-49). Contraceptive prevalence rate is the percentage of women who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for married women ages 15-49 only.
  • Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births). Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence.
STAT China United States HISTORY
Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 8.52
Ranked 169th.
32.73
Ranked 105th. 4 times more than China

Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 11.93
Ranked 150th.
12.7
Ranked 144th. 6% more than China

Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 1.66
Ranked 157th.
1.89
Ranked 134th. 14% more than China

Lifetime risk of maternal death > % 0.0572%
Ranked 123th. 39% more than United States
0.0413%
Ranked 134th.

Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country 1,700
Ranked 61st.
2,400
Ranked 49th. 41% more than China

Low-birthweight babies > % of births 2.34%
Ranked 22nd.
7.8%
Ranked 12th. 3 times more than China
Maternal mortality ratio > National estimate, per 100,000 live births 26.1
Ranked 10th. 2 times more than United States
12.7
Ranked 41st.

Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given 18
Ranked 136th.
52
Ranked 83th. 3 times more than China
Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 12.1
Ranked 120th. 2 times more than United States
6
Ranked 149th.

Mortality rate, neonatal > Per 1,000 live births 8.5
Ranked 111th. 2 times more than United States
4.1
Ranked 147th.

Mortality rate, under-5 > Per 1,000 live births 14
Ranked 120th. 97% more than United States
7.1
Ranked 149th.

Mortality rate, under-5, female > Per 1,000 live births 13.1
Ranked 117th. 2 times more than United States
6.4
Ranked 149th.

Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births 15
Ranked 120th. 92% more than United States
7.8
Ranked 149th.

Number of maternal deaths 6,000
Ranked 11th. 7 times more than United States
880
Ranked 45th.

Number of maternal deaths per million 4.49
Ranked 122nd. 58% more than United States
2.84
Ranked 133th.

Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49 84.6%
Ranked 1st. 8% more than United States
78.6%
Ranked 5th.

Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births 37
Ranked 113th. 76% more than United States
21
Ranked 133th.

SOURCES: United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects.; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Repot (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database; Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2010. Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank.; UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, and Demographic and Health Surveys by ICF International.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Estimates developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org.; Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2010. Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Household surveys, including Demographic and Health Surveys by Macro International and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys by UNICEF.

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