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Transport > Merchant marine Stats: compare key data on China & United States

Definitions

  • By type: Merchant marine may be defined as all ships engaged in the carriage of goods; or all commercial vessels (as opposed to all nonmilitary ships), which excludes tugs, fishing vessels, offshore oil rigs, etc. This entry contains information in four fields - total, ships by type, foreign-owned, and registered in other countries.
    Total includes the number of ships (1,000 GRT or over), total DWT for those ships, and total GRT for those ships. DWT or dead weight tonnage is the total weight of cargo, plus bunkers, stores, etc., that a ship can carry when immersed to the appropriate load line. GRT or gross register tonnage is a figure obtained by measuring the entire sheltered volume of a ship available for cargo and passengers and converting it to tons on the basis of 100 cubic feet per ton; there is no stable relationship between GRT and DWT.
    Ships by type includes a listing of barge carriers, bulk cargo ships, cargo ships, chemical tankers, combination bulk carriers, combination ore/oil carriers, container ships, liquefied gas tankers, livestock carriers, multifunctional large-load carriers, petroleum tankers, passenger ships, passenger/cargo ships, railcar carriers, refrigerated cargo ships, roll-on/roll-off cargo ships, short-sea passenger ships, specialized tankers, and vehicle carriers.
    Foreign-owned are ships that fly the flag of one country but belong to owners in another.
    Registered in other countries are ships that belong to owners in one country but fly the flag of another.
  • Foreign-owned: Merchant marine may be defined as all ships engaged in the carriage of goods; or all commercial vessels (as opposed to all nonmilitary ships), which excludes tugs, fishing vessels, offshore oil rigs, etc. This entry contains information in four fields - total, ships by type, foreign-owned, and registered in other countries.
    Total includes the number of ships (1,000 GRT or over), total DWT for those ships, and total GRT for those ships. DWT or dead weight tonnage is the total weight of cargo, plus bunkers, stores, etc., that a ship can carry when immersed to the appropriate load line. GRT or gross register tonnage is a figure obtained by measuring the entire sheltered volume of a ship available for cargo and passengers and converting it to tons on the basis of 100 cubic feet per ton; there is no stable relationship between GRT and DWT.
    Ships by type includes a listing of barge carriers, bulk cargo ships, cargo ships, chemical tankers, combination bulk carriers, combination ore/oil carriers, container ships, liquefied gas tankers, livestock carriers, multifunctional large-load carriers, petroleum tankers, passenger ships, passenger/cargo ships, railcar carriers, refrigerated cargo ships, roll-on/roll-off cargo ships, short-sea passenger ships, specialized tankers, and vehicle carriers.
    Foreign-owned are ships that fly the flag of one country but belong to owners in another.
    Registered in other countries are ships that belong to owners in one country but fly the flag of another.
  • Registered in other countries: Merchant marine may be defined as all ships engaged in the carriage of goods; or all commercial vessels (as opposed to all nonmilitary ships), which excludes tugs, fishing vessels, offshore oil rigs, etc. This entry contains information in four fields - total, ships by type, foreign-owned, and registered in other countries.
    Total includes the number of ships (1,000 GRT or over), total DWT for those ships, and total GRT for those ships. DWT or dead weight tonnage is the total weight of cargo, plus bunkers, stores, etc., that a ship can carry when immersed to the appropriate load line. GRT or gross register tonnage is a figure obtained by measuring the entire sheltered volume of a ship available for cargo and passengers and converting it to tons on the basis of 100 cubic feet per ton; there is no stable relationship between GRT and DWT.
    Ships by type includes a listing of barge carriers, bulk cargo ships, cargo ships, chemical tankers, combination bulk carriers, combination ore/oil carriers, container ships, liquefied gas tankers, livestock carriers, multifunctional large-load carriers, petroleum tankers, passenger ships, passenger/cargo ships, railcar carriers, refrigerated cargo ships, roll-on/roll-off cargo ships, short-sea passenger ships, specialized tankers, and vehicle carriers.
    Foreign-owned are ships that fly the flag of one country but belong to owners in another.
    Registered in other countries are ships that belong to owners in one country but fly the flag of another.
  • Registered in other countries per million: Merchant marine may be defined as all ships engaged in the carriage of goods; or all commercial vessels (as opposed to all nonmilitary ships), which excludes tugs, fishing vessels, offshore oil rigs, etc. This entry contains information in four fields - total, ships by type, foreign-owned, and registered in other countries.
    Total includes the number of ships (1,000 GRT or over), total DWT for those ships, and total GRT for those ships. DWT or dead weight tonnage is the total weight of cargo, plus bunkers, stores, etc., that a ship can carry when immersed to the appropriate load line. GRT or gross register tonnage is a figure obtained by measuring the entire sheltered volume of a ship available for cargo and passengers and converting it to tons on the basis of 100 cubic feet per ton; there is no stable relationship between GRT and DWT.
    Ships by type includes a listing of barge carriers, bulk cargo ships, cargo ships, chemical tankers, combination bulk carriers, combination ore/oil carriers, container ships, liquefied gas tankers, livestock carriers, multifunctional large-load carriers, petroleum tankers, passenger ships, passenger/cargo ships, railcar carriers, refrigerated cargo ships, roll-on/roll-off cargo ships, short-sea passenger ships, specialized tankers, and vehicle carriers.
    Foreign-owned are ships that fly the flag of one country but belong to owners in another.
    Registered in other countries are ships that belong to owners in one country but fly the flag of another. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Ships by type: Merchant marine may be defined as all ships engaged in the carriage of goods; or all commercial vessels (as opposed to all non-military ships), which excludes tugs, fishing vessels, offshore oil rigs, etc.; or a grouping of merchant ships by nationality o
  • Total: 1000 GRT or over
  • Total > Dwt: Dwt=Deadweight tonnage, a measure of the capacity of a cargo ship
  • Total > Dwt > Per $ GDP: Dwt=Deadweight tonnage, a measure of the capacity of a cargo ship Per $ GDP figures expressed per million $ gross domestic product
  • Total > GRT: GRT=Gross Register Tonnage
  • Total > GRT > Per $ GDP: GRT=Gross Register Tonnage Per $ GDP figures expressed per million $ gross domestic product
  • Total > GRT per capita: GRT=Gross Register Tonnage. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Total > Per capita: 1000 GRT or over Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Total per million: 1000 GRT or over. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Foreign-owned per million: Merchant marine may be defined as all ships engaged in the carriage of goods; or all commercial vessels (as opposed to all nonmilitary ships), which excludes tugs, fishing vessels, offshore oil rigs, etc. This entry contains information in four fields - total, ships by type, foreign-owned, and registered in other countries.
    Total includes the number of ships (1,000 GRT or over), total DWT for those ships, and total GRT for those ships. DWT or dead weight tonnage is the total weight of cargo, plus bunkers, stores, etc., that a ship can carry when immersed to the appropriate load line. GRT or gross register tonnage is a figure obtained by measuring the entire sheltered volume of a ship available for cargo and passengers and converting it to tons on the basis of 100 cubic feet per ton; there is no stable relationship between GRT and DWT.
    Ships by type includes a listing of barge carriers, bulk cargo ships, cargo ships, chemical tankers, combination bulk carriers, combination ore/oil carriers, container ships, liquefied gas tankers, livestock carriers, multifunctional large-load carriers, petroleum tankers, passenger ships, passenger/cargo ships, railcar carriers, refrigerated cargo ships, roll-on/roll-off cargo ships, short-sea passenger ships, specialized tankers, and vehicle carriers.
    Foreign-owned are ships that fly the flag of one country but belong to owners in another.
    Registered in other countries are ships that belong to owners in one country but fly the flag of another. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Total > GRT > Per capita: GRT=Gross Register Tonnage Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Total > Dwt > Per capita: Dwt=Deadweight tonnage, a measure of the capacity of a cargo ship Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Total > Per $ GDP: 1000 GRT or over Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Total > Dwt per capita: Dwt=Deadweight tonnage, a measure of the capacity of a cargo ship. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
STAT China United States HISTORY
A note includes some foreign-owned <a href=/kp/ships>ships</a> registered here as a flag of convenience: <a href=/country/hr><a href=/country/hr>Croatia</a></a> 1, <a href=/country/gm>Germany</a> 1, <a href=/country/hk><a href=/country/hk>Hong Kong</a></a> 16, <a href=/country/ja>Japan</a> 2, <a href=/country/pm><a href=/country/pm>Panama</a></a> 2, <a href=/country/ks>South Korea</a> 1, <a href=/country/sp><a href=/country/sp>Spain</a></a> 1, <a href=/country/tw>Taiwan</a> 9, <a href=/country/tz>Tanzania</a> 1, <a href=/country/tu>Turkey</a> 1 (2002 est.) includes some foreign-owned <a href=/kp/ships>ships</a> registered here as a flag of convenience: <a href=/country/as><a href=/country/as>Australia</a></a> 1, <a href=/country/ca>Canada</a> 4, <a href=/country/da><a href=/country/da>Denmark</a></a> 15, <a href=/country/fr>France</a> 1, <a href=/country/gm><a href=/country/gm>Germany</a></a> 1, <a href=/country/nl>Netherlands</a> 3, <a href=/country/no><a href=/country/no>Norway</a></a> 7, <a href=/country/rq>Puerto Rico</a> 4, <a href=/country/sn><a href=/country/sn>Singapore</a></a> 11, <a href=/country/sw>Sweden</a> 1, <a href=/country/uk><a href=/country/uk>United Kingdom</a></a> 3; also, the <a href=/country/us>US</a> owns 549 additional <a href=/kp/ships>ships</a> (1,000 <a href=/kp/GRT>GRT</a> or over) totaling 29,616,347 <a href=/kp/DWT>DWT</a> that operate under the registries of <a href=/country/ac>Antigua and Barbuda</a>, <a href=/country/as>Australia</a>, <a href=/country/bf>The Bahamas</a>, <a href=/country/bh>Belize</a>, <a href=/country/bd>Bermuda</a>, <a href=/country/cb>Cambodia</a>, <a href=/country/ca>Canada</a>, <a href=/country/cj>Cayman Islands</a>, <a href=/country/cy>Cyprus</a>, <a href=/country/fi>Finland</a>, <a href=/country/gi><a href=/country/gi>Gibraltar</a></a>, <a href=/country/hk>Hong Kong</a> (<a href=/country/ch>China</a>), <a href=/country/id>Indonesia</a>, <a href=/country/im>Isle of Man</a>, <a href=/country/it>Italy</a>, <a href=/country/li>Liberia</a>, <a href=/country/mt>Malta</a>, <a href=/country/rm>Marshall Islands</a>, <a href=/country/nl><a href=/country/nl>Netherlands</a></a>, <a href=/country/no>Norway</a>, <a href=/country/no>Norway</a> (<a href=/kp/NIS>NIS</a>), <a href=/country/pm>Panama</a>, <a href=/country/pe>Peru</a>, <a href=/country/rp>Philippines</a>, <a href=/country/vc>Saint Vincent and the Grenadines</a>, <a href=/country/sn><a href=/country/sn>Singapore</a></a>, <a href=/country/tn>Tonga</a>, <a href=/kp/UK>UK</a>, <a href=/country/nh>Vanuatu</a>, and <a href=/country/wf>Wallis and Futuna</a> (2002 est.)
By type barge carrier 6, bulk carrier 571, cargo 639, carrier 5, chemical tanker 98, container 204, liquefied gas 55, passenger 9, passenger/cargo 83, petroleum tanker 271, refrigerated cargo 35, roll on/roll off 9, specialized tanker 1, vehicle carrier 24 barge carrier 6, bulk carrier 58, cargo 58, carrier 3, chemical tanker 30, container 87, passenger 18, passenger/cargo 56, petroleum tanker 45, refrigerated cargo 3, roll on/roll off 27, vehicle carrier 27
Foreign-owned None
None

Note includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Croatia 1, Germany 1, Hong Kong 16, Japan 2, Panama 2, South Korea 1, Spain 1, Taiwan 9, Tanzania 1, Turkey 1 includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Australia 1, Canada 4, Denmark 15, France 1, Germany 1, Netherlands 3, Norway 7, Puerto Rico 4, Singapore 11, Sweden 1, United Kingdom 3; also, the US owns 549 additional ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 29,616,347 DWT that operate under the registries of Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, The Bahamas, Belize, Bermuda, Cambodia, Canada, Cayman Islands, Cyprus, Finland, Gibraltar, Hong Kong (China), Indonesia, Isle of Man, Italy, Liberia, Malta, Marshall Islands, Netherlands, Norway, Norway (NIS), Panama, Peru, Philippines, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Singapore, Tonga, UK, Vanuatu, and Wallis and Futuna
Registered in other countries 1,623
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than United States
734
Ranked 6th.

Registered in other countries per million 1.21
Ranked 63th.
2.37
Ranked 52nd. 96% more than China

Ships by type barge carrier 2, bulk 348, cargo 824, chemical tanker 28, combination bulk 10, combination ore/oil 2, container 150, liquefied gas 28, multi-functional large-load carrier 6, passenger 6, passenger/cargo 47, petroleum tanker 267, refrigerated cargo 26, roll on/roll off 21, short-sea passenger 42, specialized tanker 8, vehicle carrier 2 barge carrier 2, bulk 71, cargo 26, chemical tanker 13, combination bulk 2, combination ore/oil 1, container 79, freighter 15, heavy lift carrier 3, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 73, refrigerated cargo 3, roll on/roll off 46, short-sea passenger 2, specialized tanker 2, vehicle carrier 9
Total 2,030
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than United States
393
Ranked 26th.

Total > Dwt 33.82 million Dwt
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than United States
12.62 million Dwt
Ranked 16th.

Total > Dwt > Per $ GDP 12.15 Dwt per million $ of GDP
Ranked 51st. 12 times more than United States
1 Dwt per million $ of GDP
Ranked 102nd.

Total > GRT 22.22 million GRT
Ranked 9th. 2 times more than United States
10.31 million GRT
Ranked 17th.

Total > GRT > Per $ GDP 8.02 GRT per million $ of GDP
Ranked 56th. 10 times more than United States
0.802 GRT per million $ of GDP
Ranked 104th.

Total > GRT per capita 0.0169 GRT
Ranked 92nd.
0.0342 GRT
Ranked 74th. 2 times more than China

Total > Per capita 1.5 per 1 million people
Ranked 63th. 8% more than United States
1.39 per 1 million people
Ranked 108th.

Total per million 1.5
Ranked 101st. 11% more than United States
1.35
Ranked 103th.

Foreign-owned per million 0.0135
Ranked 105th.
0.278
Ranked 79th. 21 times more than China

Total > GRT > Per capita 16.81 GRT per 1,000 people
Ranked 96th.
34.23 GRT per 1,000 people
Ranked 78th. 2 times more than China

Total > Dwt > Per capita 25.59 Dwt per 1,000 people
Ranked 87th.
41.9 Dwt per 1,000 people
Ranked 78th. 64% more than China

Total > Per $ GDP 0.646 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 72nd. 18 times more than United States
0.035 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 119th.

Total > Dwt per capita 0.0257 Dwt
Ranked 83th.
0.0419 Dwt
Ranked 74th. 63% more than China

SOURCES: CIA World Factbook, December 2003; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.

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