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Economy > Debt Stats: compare key data on Ethiopia & India

Definitions

  • Banks > Automated teller machines > ATMs > Per 100,000 adults: Automated teller machines (ATMs) (per 100,000 adults). Automated teller machines are computerized telecommunications devices that provide clients of a financial institution with access to financial transactions in a public place.
  • Central government debt, total > Current LCU: Central government debt, total (current LCU). Debt is the entire stock of direct government fixed-term contractual obligations to others outstanding on a particular date. It includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government. Because debt is a stock rather than a flow, it is measured as of a given date, usually the last day of the fiscal year.
  • Central government debt, total > Current LCU per capita: Central government debt, total (current LCU). Debt is the entire stock of direct government fixed-term contractual obligations to others outstanding on a particular date. It includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government. Because debt is a stock rather than a flow, it is measured as of a given date, usually the last day of the fiscal year. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • External: Total public and private debt owed to non-residents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services.
  • External > Per capita: Total public and private debt owed to non-residents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • External debt stocks per capita: External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$). Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • External per capita: Total public and private debt owed to non-residents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Government debt > Gross government debt, share of GDP: Gross government debt as % of GDP (IMF).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Government debt > Public debt, share of GDP: Public debt as % of GDP (CIA).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Interest payments > Current LCU: Interest payments (current LCU). Interest payments include interest payments on government debt--including long-term bonds, long-term loans, and other debt instruments--to domestic and foreign residents.
  • Net current transfers from abroad > Current LCU: Net current transfers from abroad (current LCU). Current transfers comprise transfers of income between residents of the reporting country and the rest of the world that carry no provisions for repayment. Net current transfers from abroad is equal to the unrequited transfers of income from nonresidents to residents minus the unrequited transfers from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current local currency.
  • Net domestic credit > Current LCU: Net domestic credit (current LCU). Net domestic credit is the sum of net claims on the central government and claims on other sectors of the domestic economy (IFS line 32). Data are in current local currency.
  • Net foreign assets > Current LCU: Net foreign assets (current LCU). Net foreign assets are the sum of foreign assets held by monetary authorities and deposit money banks, less their foreign liabilities. Data are in current local currency.
  • Net foreign assets > Current LCU per capita: Net foreign assets (current LCU). Net foreign assets are the sum of foreign assets held by monetary authorities and deposit money banks, less their foreign liabilities. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Strength of legal rights index > 0=weak to 10=strong per million: Strength of legal rights index (0=weak to 10=strong). Strength of legal rights index measures the degree to which collateral and bankruptcy laws protect the rights of borrowers and lenders and thus facilitate lending. The index ranges from 0 to 10, with higher scores indicating that these laws are better designed to expand access to credit. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • External > Per $ GDP: Total public and private debt owed to non-residents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Interest payments on external debt, long-term > INT, current US$ per capita: Interest payments on external debt, long-term (INT, current US$). Interest payments on long-term debt are actual amounts of interest paid by the borrower in currency, goods, or services in the year specified. Long-term external debt is defined as debt that has an original or extended maturity of more than one year and that is owed to nonresidents by residents of an economy and repayable in currency, goods, or services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Net domestic credit > Current LCU per capita: Net domestic credit (current LCU). Net domestic credit is the sum of net claims on the central government and claims on other sectors of the domestic economy (IFS line 32). Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Net current transfers from abroad > Current US$: Net current transfers from abroad (current US$). Current transfers comprise transfers of income between residents of the reporting country and the rest of the world that carry no provisions for repayment. Net current transfers from abroad is equal to the unrequited transfers of income from nonresidents to residents minus the unrequited transfers from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Interest payments > Current LCU per capita: Interest payments (current LCU). Interest payments include interest payments on government debt--including long-term bonds, long-term loans, and other debt instruments--to domestic and foreign residents. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Credit depth of information index > 0=low to 6=high: Credit depth of information index (0=low to 6=high). Credit depth of information index measures rules affecting the scope, accessibility, and quality of credit information available through public or private credit registries. The index ranges from 0 to 6, with higher values indicating the availability of more credit information, from either a public registry or a private bureau, to facilitate lending decisions.
  • CPIA social protection rating > 1=low to 6=high per million: CPIA social protection rating (1=low to 6=high). Social protection and labor assess government policies in social protection and labor market regulations that reduce the risk of becoming poor, assist those who are poor to better manage further risks, and ensure a minimal level of welfare to all people. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Banks > Borrowers from commercial banks > Per 1,000 adults: Borrowers from commercial banks (per 1,000 adults). Borrowers from commercial banks are the reported number of resident customers that are nonfinancial corporations (public and private) and households who obtained loans from commercial banks and other banks functioning as commercial banks. For many countries data cover the total number of loan accounts due to lack of information on loan account holders.
  • Private credit bureau coverage > % of adults: Private credit bureau coverage (% of adults). Private credit bureau coverage reports the number of individuals or firms listed by a private credit bureau with current information on repayment history, unpaid debts, or credit outstanding. The number is expressed as a percentage of the adult population.
  • Interest payments > % of revenue: Interest payments (% of revenue). Interest payments include interest payments on government debt--including long-term bonds, long-term loans, and other debt instruments--to domestic and foreign residents.
  • Net official flows from UN agencies, WHO > Current US$: Net official flows from UN agencies, WHO (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at non-concessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations includes the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), World Food Programme (WFP), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Population Fund (UNPF), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), and United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Cash surplus/deficit > Current LCU per million: Cash surplus/deficit (current LCU). Cash surplus or deficit is revenue (including grants) minus expense, minus net acquisition of nonfinancial assets. In the 1986 GFS manual nonfinancial assets were included under revenue and expenditure in gross terms. This cash surplus or deficit is closest to the earlier overall budget balance (still missing is lending minus repayments, which are now a financing item under net acquisition of financial assets). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • CPIA quality of budgetary and financial management rating > 1=low to 6=high per million: CPIA quality of budgetary and financial management rating (1=low to 6=high). Quality of budgetary and financial management assesses the extent to which there is a comprehensive and credible budget linked to policy priorities, effective financial management systems, and timely and accurate accounting and fiscal reporting, including timely and audited public accounts. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • IDA resource allocation index > 1=low to 6=high per million: IDA resource allocation index (1=low to 6=high). IDA Resource Allocation Index is obtained by calculating the average score for each cluster and then by averaging those scores. For each of 16 criteria countries are rated on a scale of 1 (low) to 6 (high). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average > 1=low to 6=high per million: CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high). The public sector management and institutions cluster includes property rights and rule-based governance, quality of budgetary and financial management, efficiency of revenue mobilization, quality of public administration, and transparency, accountability, and corruption inthe public sector. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Net current transfers from abroad > Current LCU per capita: Net current transfers from abroad (current LCU). Current transfers comprise transfers of income between residents of the reporting country and the rest of the world that carry no provisions for repayment. Net current transfers from abroad is equal to the unrequited transfers of income from nonresidents to residents minus the unrequited transfers from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • External debt stocks, % of GDP: External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$). Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Profit remittances on FDI > Current US$, % of GDP: Profit remittances on FDI (current US$). Primary income on foreign direct investment covers payments of direct investment income (debit side), which consist of income on equity (dividends, branch profits, and reinvested earnings) and income on the intercompany debt (interest). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • IMF charges > INT, current US$ per 1000: IMF charges (INT, current US$). IMF charges cover interest payments with respect to all uses of IMF resources, excluding those resulting from drawings in the reserve tranche. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • IMF charges > INT, current US$, % of GDP: IMF charges (INT, current US$). IMF charges cover interest payments with respect to all uses of IMF resources, excluding those resulting from drawings in the reserve tranche. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Government debt > Gross government debt as % of GDP: Gross government debt as % of GDP (IMF).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • CPIA quality of public administration rating > 1=low to 6=high: CPIA quality of public administration rating (1=low to 6=high). Quality of public administration assesses the extent to which civilian central government staff is structured to design and implement government policy and deliver services effectively.
  • CPIA property rights and rule-based governance rating > 1=low to 6=high: CPIA property rights and rule-based governance rating (1=low to 6=high). Property rights and rule-based governance assess the extent to which private economic activity is facilitated by an effective legal system and rule-based governance structure in which property and contract rights are reliably respected and enforced.
  • CPIA social protection rating > 1=low to 6=high: CPIA social protection rating (1=low to 6=high). Social protection and labor assess government policies in social protection and labor market regulations that reduce the risk of becoming poor, assist those who are poor to better manage further risks, and ensure a minimal level of welfare to all people.
  • CPIA trade rating > 1=low to 6=high: CPIA trade rating (1=low to 6=high). Trade assesses how the policy framework fosters trade in goods.
  • Net official flows from UN agencies, UNAIDS > Current US$, % of GDP: Net official flows from UN agencies, UNAIDS (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Net official flows from UN agencies, WHO > Current US$ per 1000: Net official flows from UN agencies, WHO (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at non-concessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations includes the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), World Food Programme (WFP), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Population Fund (UNPF), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), and United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Interest payments on external debt, long-term > INT, current US$: Interest payments on external debt, long-term (INT, current US$). Interest payments on long-term debt are actual amounts of interest paid by the borrower in currency, goods, or services in the year specified. Long-term external debt is defined as debt that has an original or extended maturity of more than one year and that is owed to nonresidents by residents of an economy and repayable in currency, goods, or services. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Profit remittances on FDI > Current US$: Profit remittances on FDI (current US$). Primary income on foreign direct investment covers payments of direct investment income (debit side), which consist of income on equity (dividends, branch profits, and reinvested earnings) and income on the intercompany debt (interest). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Interest payments on external debt, total > INT, current US$: Interest payments on external debt, total (INT, current US$). Interest payments are actual amounts of interest paid by the borrower in currency, goods, or services in the year specified. This item includes interest paid on long-term debt, IMF charges, and interest paid on short-term debt. Long-term external debt is defined as debt that has an original or extended maturity of more than one year and that is owed to nonresidents by residents of an economy and repayable in currency, goods, or services. Short-term external debt is defined as debt that has an original maturity of one year or less. Available data permit no distinction between public and private nonguaranteed short-term debt. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • IMF charges > INT, current US$: IMF charges (INT, current US$). IMF charges cover interest payments with respect to all uses of IMF resources, excluding those resulting from drawings in the reserve tranche. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Credit depth of information index > 0=low to 6=high per million: Credit depth of information index (0=low to 6=high). Credit depth of information index measures rules affecting the scope, accessibility, and quality of credit information available through public or private credit registries. The index ranges from 0 to 6, with higher values indicating the availability of more credit information, from either a public registry or a private bureau, to facilitate lending decisions. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • CPIA trade rating > 1=low to 6=high per million: CPIA trade rating (1=low to 6=high). Trade assesses how the policy framework fosters trade in goods. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Banks > Depositors with commercial banks > Per 1,000 adults: Depositors with commercial banks (per 1,000 adults). Depositors with commercial banks are the reported number of deposit account holders at commercial banks and other resident banks functioning as commercial banks that are resident nonfinancial corporations (public and private) and households. For many countries data cover the total number of deposit accounts due to lack of information on account holders. The major types of deposits are checking accounts, savings accounts, and time deposits.
  • CPIA quality of budgetary and financial management rating > 1=low to 6=high: CPIA quality of budgetary and financial management rating (1=low to 6=high). Quality of budgetary and financial management assesses the extent to which there is a comprehensive and credible budget linked to policy priorities, effective financial management systems, and timely and accurate accounting and fiscal reporting, including timely and audited public accounts.
  • External debt stocks: External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$).
  • Interest payments > % of expense: Interest payments (% of expense). Interest payments include interest payments on government debt--including long-term bonds, long-term loans, and other debt instruments--to domestic and foreign residents.
  • CPIA fiscal policy rating > 1=low to 6=high: CPIA fiscal policy rating (1=low to 6=high). Fiscal policy assesses the short- and medium-term sustainability of fiscal policy (taking into account monetary and exchange rate policy and the sustainability of the public debt) and its impact on growth.
  • Interest payments on external debt, long-term > INT, current US$, % of GDP: Interest payments on external debt, long-term (INT, current US$). Interest payments on long-term debt are actual amounts of interest paid by the borrower in currency, goods, or services in the year specified. Long-term external debt is defined as debt that has an original or extended maturity of more than one year and that is owed to nonresidents by residents of an economy and repayable in currency, goods, or services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Government debt > Public debt as % of GDP: Public debt as % of GDP (CIA).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Profit remittances on FDI > Current US$ per capita: Profit remittances on FDI (current US$). Primary income on foreign direct investment covers payments of direct investment income (debit side), which consist of income on equity (dividends, branch profits, and reinvested earnings) and income on the intercompany debt (interest). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • CPIA quality of public administration rating > 1=low to 6=high per million: CPIA quality of public administration rating (1=low to 6=high). Quality of public administration assesses the extent to which civilian central government staff is structured to design and implement government policy and deliver services effectively. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Net current transfers from abroad > Current US$ per capita: Net current transfers from abroad (current US$). Current transfers comprise transfers of income between residents of the reporting country and the rest of the world that carry no provisions for repayment. Net current transfers from abroad is equal to the unrequited transfers of income from nonresidents to residents minus the unrequited transfers from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Net official flows from UN agencies, UNAIDS > Current US$: Net official flows from UN agencies, UNAIDS (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Claims on private sector > Annual growth as % of broad money: Claims on private sector (annual growth as % of broad money). Claims on private sector (IFS line 32D..ZK or 32D..ZF) include gross credit from the financial system to individuals, enterprises, nonfinancial public entities not included under net domestic credit, and financial institutions not included elsewhere.
  • Cash surplus/deficit > Current LCU: Cash surplus/deficit (current LCU). Cash surplus or deficit is revenue (including grants) minus expense, minus net acquisition of nonfinancial assets. In the 1986 GFS manual nonfinancial assets were included under revenue and expenditure in gross terms. This cash surplus or deficit is closest to the earlier overall budget balance (still missing is lending minus repayments, which are now a financing item under net acquisition of financial assets).
  • Cash surplus/deficit > % of GDP: Cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP). Cash surplus or deficit is revenue (including grants) minus expense, minus net acquisition of nonfinancial assets. In the 1986 GFS manual nonfinancial assets were included under revenue and expenditure in gross terms. This cash surplus or deficit is closest to the earlier overall budget balance (still missing is lending minus repayments, which are now a financing item under net acquisition of financial assets).
  • Central government debt, total > % of GDP: Central government debt, total (% of GDP). Debt is the entire stock of direct government fixed-term contractual obligations to others outstanding on a particular date. It includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government. Because debt is a stock rather than a flow, it is measured as of a given date, usually the last day of the fiscal year.
  • Interest payments on external debt > % of GNI: Interest payments on external debt (% of GNI). Total interest payments to gross national income.
  • Public credit registry coverage > % of adults: Public credit registry coverage (% of adults). Public credit registry coverage reports the number of individuals and firms listed in a public credit registry with current information on repayment history, unpaid debts, or credit outstanding. The number is expressed as a percentage of the adult population.
  • CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average > 1=low to 6=high: CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average (1=low to 6=high). The public sector management and institutions cluster includes property rights and rule-based governance, quality of budgetary and financial management, efficiency of revenue mobilization, quality of public administration, and transparency, accountability, and corruption inthe public sector.
  • Interest payments on external debt, total > INT, current US$, % of GDP: Interest payments on external debt, total (INT, current US$). Interest payments are actual amounts of interest paid by the borrower in currency, goods, or services in the year specified. This item includes interest paid on long-term debt, IMF charges, and interest paid on short-term debt. Long-term external debt is defined as debt that has an original or extended maturity of more than one year and that is owed to nonresidents by residents of an economy and repayable in currency, goods, or services. Short-term external debt is defined as debt that has an original maturity of one year or less. Available data permit no distinction between public and private nonguaranteed short-term debt. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Net current transfers from abroad > Current US$, % of GDP: Net current transfers from abroad (current US$). Current transfers comprise transfers of income between residents of the reporting country and the rest of the world that carry no provisions for repayment. Net current transfers from abroad is equal to the unrequited transfers of income from nonresidents to residents minus the unrequited transfers from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • External, % of GDP: Total public and private debt owed to non-residents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Interest payments on external debt, total > INT, current US$ per capita: Interest payments on external debt, total (INT, current US$). Interest payments are actual amounts of interest paid by the borrower in currency, goods, or services in the year specified. This item includes interest paid on long-term debt, IMF charges, and interest paid on short-term debt. Long-term external debt is defined as debt that has an original or extended maturity of more than one year and that is owed to nonresidents by residents of an economy and repayable in currency, goods, or services. Short-term external debt is defined as debt that has an original maturity of one year or less. Available data permit no distinction between public and private nonguaranteed short-term debt. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Net official flows from UN agencies, UNAIDS > Current US$ per 1000: Net official flows from UN agencies, UNAIDS (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Net official flows from UN agencies, WHO > Current US$, % of GDP: Net official flows from UN agencies, WHO (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at non-concessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations includes the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), World Food Programme (WFP), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Population Fund (UNPF), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), and United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Banks > Commercial bank branches > Per 100,000 adults: Commercial bank branches (per 100,000 adults). Commercial bank branches are retail locations of resident commercial banks and other resident banks that function as commercial banks that provide financial services to customers and are physically separated from the main office but not organized as legally separated subsidiaries.
  • Total reserves > % of total external debt: Total reserves (% of total external debt). International reserves to total external debt stocks.
  • Banks > Lending interest rate > %: Lending interest rate (%). Lending rate is the bank rate that usually meets the short- and medium-term financing needs of the private sector. This rate is normally differentiated according to creditworthiness of borrowers and objectives of financing. The terms and conditions attached to these rates differ by country, however, limiting their comparability.
  • Banks > Real interest rate > %: Real interest rate (%). Real interest rate is the lending interest rate adjusted for inflation as measured by the GDP deflator.
  • Claims on central government, etc. > % GDP: Claims on central government, etc. (% GDP). Claims on central government (IFS line 52AN or 32AN) include loans to central government institutions net of deposits.
  • Strength of legal rights index > 0=weak to 10=strong: Strength of legal rights index (0=weak to 10=strong). Strength of legal rights index measures the degree to which collateral and bankruptcy laws protect the rights of borrowers and lenders and thus facilitate lending. The index ranges from 0 to 10, with higher scores indicating that these laws are better designed to expand access to credit.
  • CPIA debt policy rating > 1=low to 6=high per million: CPIA debt policy rating (1=low to 6=high). Debt policy assesses whether the debt management strategy is conducive to minimizing budgetary risks and ensuring long-term debt sustainability. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • CPIA economic management cluster average > 1=low to 6=high per million: CPIA economic management cluster average (1=low to 6=high). The economic management cluster includes macroeconomic management, fiscal policy, and debt policy. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • CPIA financial sector rating > 1=low to 6=high per million: CPIA financial sector rating (1=low to 6=high). Financial sector assesses the structure of the financial sector and the policies and regulations that affect it. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • CPIA fiscal policy rating > 1=low to 6=high per million: CPIA fiscal policy rating (1=low to 6=high). Fiscal policy assesses the short- and medium-term sustainability of fiscal policy (taking into account monetary and exchange rate policy and the sustainability of the public debt) and its impact on growth. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • CPIA property rights and rule-based governance rating > 1=low to 6=high per million: CPIA property rights and rule-based governance rating (1=low to 6=high). Property rights and rule-based governance assess the extent to which private economic activity is facilitated by an effective legal system and rule-based governance structure in which property and contract rights are reliably respected and enforced. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • CPIA debt policy rating > 1=low to 6=high: CPIA debt policy rating (1=low to 6=high). Debt policy assesses whether the debt management strategy is conducive to minimizing budgetary risks and ensuring long-term debt sustainability.
  • CPIA economic management cluster average > 1=low to 6=high: CPIA economic management cluster average (1=low to 6=high). The economic management cluster includes macroeconomic management, fiscal policy, and debt policy.
  • CPIA financial sector rating > 1=low to 6=high: CPIA financial sector rating (1=low to 6=high). Financial sector assesses the structure of the financial sector and the policies and regulations that affect it.
  • IDA resource allocation index > 1=low to 6=high: IDA resource allocation index (1=low to 6=high). IDA Resource Allocation Index is obtained by calculating the average score for each cluster and then by averaging those scores. For each of 16 criteria countries are rated on a scale of 1 (low) to 6 (high).
STAT Ethiopia India HISTORY
Banks > Automated teller machines > ATMs > Per 100,000 adults 0.463
Ranked 163th.
11.21
Ranked 122nd. 24 times more than Ethiopia

Central government debt, total > Current LCU 49.48 billion
Ranked 40th.
43.53 trillion
Ranked 5th. 880 times more than Ethiopia

Central government debt, total > Current LCU per capita 771.29
Ranked 56th.
35,643.99
Ranked 23th. 46 times more than Ethiopia

External $10.03 billion
Ranked 96th.
$378.90 billion
Ranked 27th. 38 times more than Ethiopia

External > Per capita $34.26 per capita
Ranked 131st.
$146.39 per capita
Ranked 121st. 4 times more than Ethiopia

External debt stocks per capita $96.17
Ranked 120th.
$273.78
Ranked 95th. 3 times more than Ethiopia

External per capita $32.58
Ranked 130th.
$142.70
Ranked 120th. 4 times more than Ethiopia

Government debt > Gross government debt, share of GDP 21.55 IMF
Ranked 144th.
66.84 IMF
Ranked 43th. 3 times more than Ethiopia
Government debt > Public debt, share of GDP 44.4 CIA
Ranked 77th.
49.6 CIA
Ranked 64th. 12% more than Ethiopia
Interest payments > Current LCU 2 billion
Ranked 73th.
2.61 trillion
Ranked 6th. 1304 times more than Ethiopia

Net current transfers from abroad > Current LCU 87.06 billion
Ranked 39th.
3.5 trillion
Ranked 6th. 40 times more than Ethiopia

Net domestic credit > Current LCU 92.23 billion
Ranked 103th.
76.75 trillion
Ranked 10th. 832 times more than Ethiopia

Net foreign assets > Current LCU 13.12 billion
Ranked 114th.
15.36 trillion
Ranked 13th. 1171 times more than Ethiopia

Net foreign assets > Current LCU per capita 158.78
Ranked 154th.
12,422.49
Ranked 87th. 78 times more than Ethiopia

Strength of legal rights index > 0=weak to 10=strong per million 0.0436
Ranked 178th. 7 times more than India
0.00647
Ranked 187th.

External > Per $ GDP $255.79 per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 95th. 77% more than India
$144.66 per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 111th.

Interest payments on external debt, long-term > INT, current US$ per capita $1.13
Ranked 108th.
$6.58
Ranked 77th. 6 times more than Ethiopia

Net domestic credit > Current LCU per capita 1,116.33
Ranked 157th.
62,058.86
Ranked 68th. 56 times more than Ethiopia

Net current transfers from abroad > Current US$ $4.92 billion
Ranked 15th.
$64.35 billion
Ranked 1st. 13 times more than Ethiopia

Interest payments > Current LCU per capita 22.42
Ranked 97th.
2,140.31
Ranked 34th. 95 times more than Ethiopia

Credit depth of information index > 0=low to 6=high 4
Ranked 119th.
5
Ranked 56th. 25% more than Ethiopia

CPIA social protection rating > 1=low to 6=high per million 0.0382
Ranked 75th. 13 times more than India
0.00283
Ranked 80th.

Banks > Borrowers from commercial banks > Per 1,000 adults 2.1
Ranked 80th.
133.55
Ranked 42nd. 63 times more than Ethiopia

Private credit bureau coverage > % of adults 0.0
Ranked 187th.
19.8%
Ranked 72nd.

Interest payments > % of revenue 2.59%
Ranked 82nd.
24.68%
Ranked 6th. 10 times more than Ethiopia

Net official flows from UN agencies, WHO > Current US$ $2.88 million
Ranked 11th.
$7.13 million
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Ethiopia
Cash surplus/deficit > Current LCU per million -77,777,120.133
Ranked 23th.
-2,706,213,732.494
Ranked 76th. 35 times more than Ethiopia

CPIA quality of budgetary and financial management rating > 1=low to 6=high per million 0.0382
Ranked 75th. 13 times more than India
0.00283
Ranked 80th.

IDA resource allocation index > 1=low to 6=high per million 0.0375
Ranked 76th. 13 times more than India
0.00299
Ranked 80th.

CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average > 1=low to 6=high per million 0.0371
Ranked 75th. 13 times more than India
0.00291
Ranked 80th.

Net current transfers from abroad > Current LCU per capita 949.07
Ranked 68th.
2,831.28
Ranked 54th. 3 times more than Ethiopia

External debt stocks, % of GDP $27.11
Ranked 76th. 52% more than India
$17.85
Ranked 105th.

Profit remittances on FDI > Current US$, % of GDP 0.0137%
Ranked 82nd.
0.89%
Ranked 68th. 65 times more than Ethiopia

IMF charges > INT, current US$ per 1000 $0.64
Ranked 124th.
$1.47
Ranked 121st. 2 times more than Ethiopia

IMF charges > INT, current US$, % of GDP 0.000137%
Ranked 107th. 38% more than India
9.9e-05%
Ranked 113th.

Government debt > Gross government debt as % of GDP 21.55 IMF
Ranked 144th.
66.84 IMF
Ranked 43th. 3 times more than Ethiopia
CPIA quality of public administration rating > 1=low to 6=high 3.5
Ranked 10th. The same as India
3.5
Ranked 5th.

CPIA property rights and rule-based governance rating > 1=low to 6=high 3
Ranked 31st.
3.5
Ranked 8th. 17% more than Ethiopia

CPIA social protection rating > 1=low to 6=high 3.5
Ranked 21st. The same as India
3.5
Ranked 9th.

CPIA trade rating > 1=low to 6=high 3
Ranked 70th.
4
Ranked 19th. 33% more than Ethiopia

Net official flows from UN agencies, UNAIDS > Current US$, % of GDP 0.00552%
Ranked 34th. 73 times more than India
7.58e-05%
Ranked 95th.

Net official flows from UN agencies, WHO > Current US$ per 1000 $32.22
Ranked 88th. 6 times more than India
$5.84
Ranked 103th.
Interest payments on external debt, long-term > INT, current US$ $160.81 million
Ranked 49th.
$9.57 billion
Ranked 3rd. 60 times more than Ethiopia

Profit remittances on FDI > Current US$ $5.91 million
Ranked 82nd.
$16.39 billion
Ranked 8th. 2775 times more than Ethiopia

Interest payments on external debt, total > INT, current US$ $103.47 million
Ranked 59th.
$9.57 billion
Ranked 5th. 93 times more than Ethiopia

IMF charges > INT, current US$ $59,000.00
Ranked 72nd.
$1.82 million
Ranked 19th. 31 times more than Ethiopia

Credit depth of information index > 0=low to 6=high per million 0.0436
Ranked 136th. 11 times more than India
0.00404
Ranked 146th.

CPIA trade rating > 1=low to 6=high per million 0.0327
Ranked 76th. 10 times more than India
0.00323
Ranked 80th.

Banks > Depositors with commercial banks > Per 1,000 adults 136.78
Ranked 65th.
726.03
Ranked 23th. 5 times more than Ethiopia

CPIA quality of budgetary and financial management rating > 1=low to 6=high 3.5
Ranked 28th. The same as India
3.5
Ranked 14th.

External debt stocks $8.60 billion
Ranked 53th.
$334.33 billion
Ranked 4th. 39 times more than Ethiopia

Interest payments > % of expense 3.68%
Ranked 74th.
18.98%
Ranked 8th. 5 times more than Ethiopia

CPIA fiscal policy rating > 1=low to 6=high 3.5
Ranked 32nd. The same as India
3.5
Ranked 21st.

Interest payments on external debt, long-term > INT, current US$, % of GDP 0.239%
Ranked 90th.
0.442%
Ranked 72nd. 85% more than Ethiopia

Government debt > Public debt as % of GDP 44.4 CIA
Ranked 77th.
49.6 CIA
Ranked 64th. 12% more than Ethiopia
Profit remittances on FDI > Current US$ per capita $0.06
Ranked 86th.
$13.25
Ranked 70th. 206 times more than Ethiopia

CPIA quality of public administration rating > 1=low to 6=high per million 0.0382
Ranked 75th. 13 times more than India
0.00283
Ranked 80th.

Net current transfers from abroad > Current US$ per capita $53.61
Ranked 76th. 3% more than India
$52.04
Ranked 78th.

Net official flows from UN agencies, UNAIDS > Current US$ $1.75 million
Ranked 4th. 23% more than India
$1.42 million
Ranked 7th.

Claims on private sector > Annual growth as % of broad money 17.72%
Ranked 58th. 80% more than India
9.86%
Ranked 57th.

Cash surplus/deficit > Current LCU -6,952,735,000
Ranked 50th.
-3,304,710,000,000
Ranked 101st. 475 times more than Ethiopia

Cash surplus/deficit > % of GDP -1.374%
Ranked 40th.
-3.682%
Ranked 64th. 3 times more than Ethiopia

Central government debt, total > % of GDP 84.18%
Ranked 14th. 74% more than India
48.5%
Ranked 29th.

Interest payments on external debt > % of GNI 0.24%
Ranked 95th.
0.525%
Ranked 76th. 2 times more than Ethiopia

Public credit registry coverage > % of adults 0.1%
Ranked 89th.
0.0
Ranked 133th.

CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average > 1=low to 6=high 3.4
Ranked 21st.
3.6
Ranked 13th. 6% more than Ethiopia

Interest payments on external debt, total > INT, current US$, % of GDP 0.24%
Ranked 94th.
0.52%
Ranked 76th. 2 times more than Ethiopia

Net current transfers from abroad > Current US$, % of GDP 11.4%
Ranked 26th. 3 times more than India
3.49%
Ranked 59th.

External, % of GDP 13.4%
Ranked 115th. About the same as India
13.35%
Ranked 116th.

Interest payments on external debt, total > INT, current US$ per capita $1.13
Ranked 109th.
$7.74
Ranked 78th. 7 times more than Ethiopia

Net official flows from UN agencies, UNAIDS > Current US$ per 1000 $19.58
Ranked 72nd. 17 times more than India
$1.16
Ranked 102nd.

Net official flows from UN agencies, WHO > Current US$, % of GDP 0.00908%
Ranked 50th. 24 times more than India
0.000381%
Ranked 91st.
Banks > Commercial bank branches > Per 100,000 adults 2.95
Ranked 155th.
11.38
Ranked 100th. 4 times more than Ethiopia

Total reserves > % of total external debt 34.04%
Ranked 85th.
79.25%
Ranked 30th. 2 times more than Ethiopia

Banks > Lending interest rate > % 8%
Ranked 112th.
10.6%
Ranked 65th. 33% more than Ethiopia

Banks > Real interest rate > % -17.122%
Ranked 138th.
2.27%
Ranked 97th.

Claims on central government, etc. > % GDP 15.05%
Ranked 32nd.
25.06%
Ranked 17th. 66% more than Ethiopia

Strength of legal rights index > 0=weak to 10=strong 4
Ranked 146th.
8
Ranked 40th. Twice as much as Ethiopia

CPIA debt policy rating > 1=low to 6=high per million 0.0436
Ranked 74th. 13 times more than India
0.00323
Ranked 80th.

CPIA economic management cluster average > 1=low to 6=high per million 0.0382
Ranked 76th. 12 times more than India
0.00323
Ranked 80th.

CPIA financial sector rating > 1=low to 6=high per million 0.0327
Ranked 76th. 12 times more than India
0.00283
Ranked 80th.

CPIA fiscal policy rating > 1=low to 6=high per million 0.0382
Ranked 76th. 13 times more than India
0.00283
Ranked 80th.

CPIA property rights and rule-based governance rating > 1=low to 6=high per million 0.0327
Ranked 75th. 12 times more than India
0.00283
Ranked 80th.

CPIA debt policy rating > 1=low to 6=high 4
Ranked 24th. The same as India
4
Ranked 13th.

CPIA economic management cluster average > 1=low to 6=high 3.5
Ranked 40th.
4
Ranked 13th. 14% more than Ethiopia

CPIA financial sector rating > 1=low to 6=high 3
Ranked 41st.
3.5
Ranked 8th. 17% more than Ethiopia

IDA resource allocation index > 1=low to 6=high 3.44
Ranked 36th.
3.7
Ranked 19th. 8% more than Ethiopia

SOURCES: International Monetary Fund, Financial Access Survey. World Bank World Development Indicators.; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators.; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; The World Bank. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of countries by public debt (List); Wikipedia: List of countries by public debt (List) (Public debt , The World Factbook , United States Central Intelligence Agency , accessed on March 21, 2013.); World Bank national accounts data; International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators.; International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank, International Debt Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).; World Bank Group, CPIA database (http://www.worldbank.org/ida). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; www.oecd.org/dac/stats/idsonline; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; The World Bank. Source tables. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; World Bank, International Debt Statistics. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; World Bank Group, CPIA database (http://www.worldbank.org/ida).; www.oecd.org/dac/stats/idsonline. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; www.oecd.org/dac/stats/idsonline. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank, International Debt Statistics; The World Bank. Source tables; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates. World Bank World Development Indicators.; World Bank national accounts data. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and data files using World Bank data on the GDP deflator. World Bank World Development Indicators.; International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and data files, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates. World Bank World Development Indicators.

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