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Economy > Poverty Stats: compare key data on Ethiopia & India

Definitions

  • CPIA equity of public resource use rating > 1=low to 6=high: CPIA equity of public resource use rating (1=low to 6=high). Equity of public resource use assesses the extent to which the pattern of public expenditures and revenue collection affects the poor and is consistent with national poverty reduction priorities.
  • Gap at $1 a day > PPP: Poverty gap is the mean shortfall from the poverty line (counting the nonpoor as having zero shortfall), expressed as a percentage of the poverty line. This measure reflects the depth of poverty as well as its incidence. Data showing as 0.5 signifies a poverty gap of less than 0.5 percent.
  • Gap at $2 a day > PPP: Poverty gap is the mean shortfall from the poverty line (counting the nonpoor as having zero shortfall), expressed as a percentage of the poverty line. This measure reflects the depth of poverty as well as its incidence. Data showing as 0.5 signifies a poverty gap of less than 0.5 percent.
  • Headcount ratio at $2 a day > PPP > % of population: Population below $2 a day is the percentage of the population living on less than $2.15 a day at 1993 international prices. As a result of revisions in PPP exchange rates, poverty rates cannot be compared with poverty rates reported previously for individual countries. Data showing as 2.0 signifies a poverty rate of less than 2.0 percent.
  • Population under $1 a day: Population below line - proportion receiving less than $1 per day in income (purchasing power parity). Data from most recent available between the period 1983 to 2000.
  • Population under $1 a day > Per $ GDP: Population below line - proportion receiving less than $1 per day in income (purchasing power parity). Data from most recent available between the period 1983 to 2000. Per $ GDP figures expressed per $10 million of Gross Domestic Product.
  • Population under $2 a day: Population below line - proportion receiving less than $2 per day in income (purchasing power parity). Data from most recent available between the period 1983 to 2000.
  • Population under $2 a day > Per $ GDP: Population below line - proportion receiving less than $2 per day in income (purchasing power parity). Data from most recent available between the period 1983 to 2000. Per $ GDP figures expressed per $10 million of Gross Domestic Product.
  • Poverty gap at $1.25 a day > PPP: Poverty gap is the mean shortfall from the poverty line (counting the nonpoor as having zero shortfall), expressed as a percentage of the poverty line. This measure reflects the depth of poverty as well as its incidence."
  • Poverty gap at $2 a day > PPP: Poverty gap is the mean shortfall from the poverty line (counting the nonpoor as having zero shortfall), expressed as a percentage of the poverty line. This measure reflects the depth of poverty as well as its incidence."
  • Poverty gap at rural poverty line: Poverty gap at rural poverty line is the mean shortfall from the poverty line (counting the nonpoor as having zero shortfall) as a percentage of
  • Poverty gap at urban poverty line: Poverty gap at urban poverty line is the mean shortfall from the poverty line (counting the nonpoor as having zero shortfall) as a percentage of
  • Poverty headcount ratio at $1.25 a day > PPP > % of population: Population below $1.25 a day is the percentage of the population living on less than $1.25 a day at 2005 international prices. As a result of revisions in PPP exchange rates, poverty rates for individual countries cannot be compared with poverty rates reported in earlier editions."
  • Poverty headcount ratio at $2 a day > PPP > % of population: Population below $2 a day is the percentage of the population living on less than $2.00 a day at 2005 international prices. As a result of revisions in PPP exchange rates, poverty rates for individual countries cannot be compared with poverty rates reported in earlier editions."
  • Share of all poor people: The percentage of the world's total poor who live in each nation. 'Poor' here is defined as lving below the global poverty line of US$1 per day.
  • Poverty gap at national poverty line > %: Poverty gap at national poverty line (%). Poverty gap at national poverty line is the mean shortfall from the poverty line (counting the nonpoor as having zero shortfall) as a percentage of the poverty line. This measure reflects the depth of poverty as well as its incidence.
  • Poverty gap at urban poverty line > %: Poverty gap at urban poverty line (%). Poverty gap at urban poverty line is the mean shortfall from the poverty line (counting the nonpoor as having zero shortfall) as a percentage of the national urban poverty line. This measure reflects the depth of poverty as well as its incidence.
  • Poverty gap at $1.25 a day > PPP > %: Poverty gap at $1.25 a day (PPP) (%). Poverty gap is the mean shortfall from the poverty line (counting the nonpoor as having zero shortfall), expressed as a percentage of the poverty line. This measure reflects the depth of poverty as well as its incidence.
  • Headcount ratio at national poverty line > % of population: National poverty rate is the percentage of the population living below the national poverty line. National estimates are based on population-weighted subgroup estimates from household surveys.
  • Headcount ratio at $1 a day > PPP > % of population: Population below $1 a day is the percentage of the population living on less than $1.08 a day at 1993 international prices. As a result of revisions in PPP exchange rates, poverty rates cannot be compared with poverty rates reported previously for individual countries. Data showing as 2.0 signifies a poverty rate of less than 2.0 percent.
  • Headcount ratio at urban poverty line > % of urban population: Urban poverty rate is the percentage of the urban population living below the national urban poverty line.
  • CPIA equity of public resource use rating > 1=low to 6=high per million: CPIA equity of public resource use rating (1=low to 6=high). Equity of public resource use assesses the extent to which the pattern of public expenditures and revenue collection affects the poor and is consistent with national poverty reduction priorities. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Headcount ratio at rural poverty line > % of rural population: Rural poverty rate is the percentage of the rural population living below the national rural poverty line.
  • Poverty gap at rural poverty line > %: Poverty gap at rural poverty line (%). Poverty gap at rural poverty line is the mean shortfall from the poverty line (counting the nonpoor as having zero shortfall) as a percentage of the national rural poverty line. This measure reflects the depth of poverty as well as its incidence.
  • Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line > % of population: National poverty rate is the percentage of the population living below the national poverty line. National estimates are based on population-weighted subgroup estimates from household surveys.
  • Poverty headcount ratio at urban poverty line > % of urban population: Urban poverty rate is the percentage of the urban population living below the national urban poverty line.
  • Poverty headcount ratio at rural poverty line > % of rural population: Rural poverty rate is the percentage of the rural population living below the national rural poverty line.
  • Poverty gap at $2 a day > PPP > %: Poverty gap at $2 a day (PPP) (%). Poverty gap is the mean shortfall from the poverty line (counting the nonpoor as having zero shortfall), expressed as a percentage of the poverty line. This measure reflects the depth of poverty as well as its incidence.
STAT Ethiopia India HISTORY
CPIA equity of public resource use rating > 1=low to 6=high 4
Ranked 15th. The same as India
4
Ranked 7th.

Gap at $1 a day > PPP 4.8%
Ranked 7th.
7.88%
Ranked 2nd. 64% more than Ethiopia

Gap at $2 a day > PPP 29.6%
Ranked 4th.
35.02%
Ranked 2nd. 18% more than Ethiopia

Headcount ratio at $2 a day > PPP > % of population 77.8%
Ranked 4th.
80.36%
Ranked 2nd. 3% more than Ethiopia

Population under $1 a day 31.2%
Ranked 20th.
44.2%
Ranked 11th. 42% more than Ethiopia
Population under $1 a day > Per $ GDP 0.00568 per $10 million
Ranked 30th. 43 times more than India
0.000133 per $10 million
Ranked 50th.
Population under $2 a day 76.4%
Ranked 16th.
86.2%
Ranked 4th. 13% more than Ethiopia
Population under $2 a day > Per $ GDP 0.0139 per $10 million
Ranked 31st. 54 times more than India
0.00026 per $10 million
Ranked 56th.
Poverty gap at $1.25 a day > PPP $9.60%
Ranked 10th.
$10.83%
Ranked 6th. 13% more than Ethiopia

Poverty gap at $2 a day > PPP $28.86%
Ranked 7th.
$30.41%
Ranked 6th. 5% more than Ethiopia

Poverty gap at rural poverty line 12%
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than India
5.6%
Ranked 3rd.
Poverty gap at urban poverty line 10%
Ranked 3rd. 45% more than India
6.9%
Ranked 5th.
Poverty headcount ratio at $1.25 a day > PPP > % of population $39.04%
Ranked 7th.
$41.64%
Ranked 6th. 7% more than Ethiopia

Poverty headcount ratio at $2 a day > PPP > % of population $77.57%
Ranked 4th. 3% more than India
$75.60%
Ranked 5th.

Share of all poor people 1.82%
Ranked 6th.
41.01%
Ranked 1st. 23 times more than Ethiopia
Poverty gap at national poverty line > % 7.8%
Ranked 9th. 94% more than India
4.03%
Ranked 4th.

Poverty gap at urban poverty line > % 6.9%
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than India
2.54%
Ranked 4th.

Poverty gap at $1.25 a day > PPP > % $8.19%
Ranked 5th. 9% more than India
$7.49%
Ranked 8th.

Headcount ratio at national poverty line > % of population 44.2%
Ranked 5th. 55% more than India
28.6%
Ranked 9th.

Headcount ratio at $1 a day > PPP > % of population 22.98%
Ranked 5th.
34.33%
Ranked 2nd. 49% more than Ethiopia

Headcount ratio at urban poverty line > % of urban population 37%
Ranked 1st. 50% more than India
24.7%
Ranked 5th.

CPIA equity of public resource use rating > 1=low to 6=high per million 0.0436
Ranked 76th. 13 times more than India
0.00323
Ranked 80th.

Headcount ratio at rural poverty line > % of rural population 45%
Ranked 6th. 49% more than India
30.2%
Ranked 11th.

Poverty gap at rural poverty line > % 8%
Ranked 9th. 73% more than India
4.62%
Ranked 4th.

Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line > % of population 44.2%
Ranked 6th. 55% more than India
28.6%
Ranked 14th.

Poverty headcount ratio at urban poverty line > % of urban population 37%
Ranked 1st. 50% more than India
24.7%
Ranked 7th.

Poverty headcount ratio at rural poverty line > % of rural population 45%
Ranked 8th. 49% more than India
30.2%
Ranked 13th.

Poverty gap at $2 a day > PPP > % $23.64%
Ranked 3rd.
$24.47%
Ranked 8th. 4% more than Ethiopia

SOURCES: World Bank Group, CPIA database (http://www.worldbank.org/ida).; World Development Indicators database; World Bank 2002b via backone.pdf; World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World Bank country departments. Data for high-income economies are from the Luxembourg Income Study database. For more information and methodology, please see PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/jsp/index.jsp).; World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on World Bank's country poverty assessments and country Poverty Reduction Strategies.; Country Responsibilities in Achieving the Millenium Development Goals", April 8 2003, by Janice Poling; World Bank, Global Poverty Working Group. Data are based on World Bank's country poverty assessments and country Poverty Reduction Strategies.; World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World Bank country departments. Data for high-income economies are from the Luxembourg Income Study database. For more information and methodology, please see PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/index.htm).; World Bank Group, CPIA database (http://www.worldbank.org/ida). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.

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