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Country vs country: Japan and United States compared: Labor > Employment stats

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Definitions

  • Employment rates by gender > Employment rates > Men: Employment rates are calculated as the ratio of the employed to the working age population. To calculate this employment rate, the population of working age is divided into two groups: those who are employed and those who are not. Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week. Those not in employment consist of persons who are out of work but seeking employment, students and all others who have excluded themselves from the labour force for one reason or another, such as incapacity or the need to look after young children or elderly relatives.

    Working age is generally defined as persons in the 15 to 64 age bracket although in some countries working age is defined as 16 to 64.
  • Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Men > Aged above 14: Percent employed in agriculture.
  • Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Women > Aged above 14: Percent employed in agriculture.
  • Employment share by sector > Industry > Men > Aged above 14: Percent employed in industry.
  • Employment share by sector > Industry > Women > Aged above 14: Percent employed in industry.
  • Employment share by sector > Services > Men > Aged above 14: Percent employed in services.
  • Employment share by sector > Services > Women > Aged above 14: Percent employed in services.
  • Part-time employment > Incidence of part-time employment: Part-time employment refers to persons who usually work less than 30 hours per week in their main job. Both employees and the self-employed may be part-time workers.

    Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week. The rates shown here refer to the numbers of persons who usually work less than 30 hours per week as a percentage of the total number of those in employment.
  • Part-time employment > Incidence of part-time employment per million: Part-time employment refers to persons who usually work less than 30 hours per week in their main job. Both employees and the self-employed may be part-time workers.

    Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week. The rates shown here refer to the numbers of persons who usually work less than 30 hours per week as a percentage of the total number of those in employment. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Percent of population are employees > Men: Number of male self-reported employees (formal or informal), expressed as a percentage of the total male employed population.
  • Percent of population are employees > Women: Number of female self-reported employees (formal or informal), expressed as a percentage of the total female employed population.
  • Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Total: Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week.

    Self-employed persons include employers, own-account workers, members of producers’ co-operatives, and unpaid family workers. The last of these are unpaid in the sense that they do not have a formal contract to receive a fixed amount of income at regular intervals, but they share in the income generated by the enterprise; unpaid family workers are particularly important in farming and retail trade. Note that all persons who work in corporate enterprises, including company directors, are considered to be employees.

    The rates shown here are the percentages of the self-employed in total civilian employment i.e., total employment less military employees.
  • Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Women: Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week.

    Self-employed persons include employers, own-account workers, members of producers’ co-operatives, and unpaid family workers. The last of these are unpaid in the sense that they do not have a formal contract to receive a fixed amount of income at regular intervals, but they share in the income generated by the enterprise; unpaid family workers are particularly important in farming and retail trade. Note that all persons who work in corporate enterprises, including company directors, are considered to be employees.

    The rates shown here are the percentages of the self-employed in total civilian employment i.e., total employment less military employees.
  • Underemployment > Working less than 20 hours per week > Men > Aged above 14: Percentage of males above the age of 14 in employment, who work less than 20 hours/week.
  • Underemployment > Working less than 20 hours per week > Women > Aged above 14: Percentage of females above the age of 14 in employment, who work less than 20 hours/week.
  • Working more than 40 hours per week > Women > Aged above 14: Percentage of females above the age of 14 in employment, who work more than 40 hours per week.
  • Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Total per million: Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week.

    Self-employed persons include employers, own-account workers, members of producers’ co-operatives, and unpaid family workers. The last of these are unpaid in the sense that they do not have a formal contract to receive a fixed amount of income at regular intervals, but they share in the income generated by the enterprise; unpaid family workers are particularly important in farming and retail trade. Note that all persons who work in corporate enterprises, including company directors, are considered to be employees.

    The rates shown here are the percentages of the self-employed in total civilian employment i.e., total employment less military employees. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Working more than 40 hours per week > Men > Aged above 14: Percentage of males above the age of 14 in employment, who work more than 40 hours per week.
  • Employment rates by gender > Employment rates > Men per million: Employment rates are calculated as the ratio of the employed to the working age population. To calculate this employment rate, the population of working age is divided into two groups: those who are employed and those who are not. Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week. Those not in employment consist of persons who are out of work but seeking employment, students and all others who have excluded themselves from the labour force for one reason or another, such as incapacity or the need to look after young children or elderly relatives.

    Working age is generally defined as persons in the 15 to 64 age bracket although in some countries working age is defined as 16 to 64. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Women per million: Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week.

    Self-employed persons include employers, own-account workers, members of producers’ co-operatives, and unpaid family workers. The last of these are unpaid in the sense that they do not have a formal contract to receive a fixed amount of income at regular intervals, but they share in the income generated by the enterprise; unpaid family workers are particularly important in farming and retail trade. Note that all persons who work in corporate enterprises, including company directors, are considered to be employees.

    The rates shown here are the percentages of the self-employed in total civilian employment i.e., total employment less military employees. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
STAT Japan United States HISTORY
Employment rates by gender > Employment rates > Men 81.72%
Ranked 4th. 5% more than United States
77.78%
Ranked 13th.
Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Men > Aged above 14 4.4%
Ranked 55th. Twice as much as United States
2.2%
Ranked 65th.

Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Women > Aged above 14 4.5%
Ranked 34th. 6 times more than United States
0.8%
Ranked 62nd.

Employment share by sector > Industry > Men > Aged above 14 35.3%
Ranked 20th. 17% more than United States
30.2%
Ranked 44th.

Employment share by sector > Industry > Women > Aged above 14 17.6%
Ranked 20th. 83% more than United States
9.6%
Ranked 59th.

Employment share by sector > Services > Men > Aged above 14 59.1%
Ranked 23th.
67.6%
Ranked 4th. 14% more than Japan

Employment share by sector > Services > Women > Aged above 14 76.8%
Ranked 38th.
89.6%
Ranked 5th. 17% more than Japan

Part-time employment > Incidence of part-time employment 18.86%
Ranked 9th. 49% more than United States
12.64%
Ranked 18th.
Part-time employment > Incidence of part-time employment per million 0.148%
Ranked 26th. 4 times more than United States
0.0412%
Ranked 30th.
Percent of population are employees > Men 85%
Ranked 12th.
91.2%
Ranked 2nd. 7% more than Japan

Percent of population are employees > Women 84.7%
Ranked 33th.
94.1%
Ranked 5th. 11% more than Japan

Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Total 13.38%
Ranked 16th. 85% more than United States
7.22%
Ranked 29th.
Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Women 13.13%
Ranked 10th. 2 times more than United States
5.84%
Ranked 26th.
Underemployment > Working less than 20 hours per week > Men > Aged above 14 2.9%
Ranked 16th.
3.2%
Ranked 13th. 10% more than Japan

Underemployment > Working less than 20 hours per week > Women > Aged above 14 9.1%
Ranked 15th. 26% more than United States
7.2%
Ranked 19th.

Working more than 40 hours per week > Women > Aged above 14 49.8%
Ranked 13th.
66.5%
Ranked 8th. 34% more than Japan

Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Total per million 0.105%
Ranked 29th. 4 times more than United States
0.0235%
Ranked 30th.
Working more than 40 hours per week > Men > Aged above 14 82.2%
Ranked 13th.
85.8%
Ranked 9th. 4% more than Japan

Employment rates by gender > Employment rates > Men per million 0.641%
Ranked 29th. 3 times more than United States
0.254%
Ranked 30th.
Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Women per million 0.103%
Ranked 27th. 5 times more than United States
0.019%
Ranked 29th.

SOURCES: OECD Country statistical profiles 2009; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a118, Percent working less than 20 hrs/week; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a118, Percent working less than 20 hrs/week; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=40+hrs%2fweek&d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a119, Percent working more than 40 hrs/week.

Citation

"Labor > Employment: Japan and United States compared", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/compare/Japan/United-States/Labor/Employment